%PDF-1.3 1 0 obj << /Type /Catalog /Outlines 2 0 R /Pages 3 0 R >> endobj 2 0 obj << /Type /Outlines /Count 0 >> endobj 3 0 obj << /Type /Pages /Kids [6 0 R 17 0 R 19 0 R 21 0 R 39 0 R ] /Count 5 /Resources << /ProcSet 4 0 R /Font << /F1 8 0 R /F2 9 0 R /F3 10 0 R >> /XObject << /I1 11 0 R >> >> /MediaBox [0.000 0.000 595.280 841.890] >> endobj 4 0 obj [/PDF /Text /ImageC ] endobj 5 0 obj << /Creator (DOMPDF) /CreationDate (D:20140722133919+01'00') /ModDate (D:20140722133919+01'00') /Title (Memory of War in France, 1914-45: Csar Fauxbras, the Voice of the Lowly) >> endobj 6 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 12 0 R 15 0 R ] /Contents 7 0 R >> endobj 7 0 obj << /Length 4338 >> stream q 381.750 0 0 120.000 34.016 687.874 cm /I1 Do Q 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Published on )] TJ ET BT 99.356 676.469 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Reviews in History)] TJ ET BT 190.016 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \()] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 197.012 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 197.012 675.075 m 357.332 675.075 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 357.332 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\))] TJ ET 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.391 653.743 526.499 1.500 re S BT 34.016 615.321 Td /F3 18.0 Tf [(Memory of War in France, 1914-45: Csar Fauxbras, the Voice of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 593.937 Td /F3 18.0 Tf [(the Lowly)] TJ ET BT 34.016 266.195 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(This book is written with a clear purpose: to unsettle assumptions conditioned by the power of institutions )] TJ ET BT 34.016 251.939 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(such as states and armies to frame the first draft of history. Matt Perry has taken the decision to put before )] TJ ET BT 34.016 237.683 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(readers the subaltern voice of a French socialist activist. In so doing it was perhaps inevitable that he would )] TJ ET BT 34.016 223.427 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(draw on the categories of cultural power set down in the prison writings of Italian Marxist thinker Antonio )] TJ ET BT 34.016 209.171 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Gramsci. This book takes one socialist life and makes of it an exemplar of Gramsci?s ?organic intellectual?, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 194.915 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(less concerned with grandiloquence as with the rational working out of the everyday power relationships that )] TJ ET BT 34.016 180.659 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(structure their world \(p. 176\). Neither a conventional biography nor a literary study, Perry structures his )] TJ ET BT 34.016 166.403 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(narrative of political consciousness around a punctual series of texts from the pen of Csar Fauxbras, the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 152.147 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(nom-de-plume of Klber Gaston Sterckeman \(1899?1968\). In a life lived mostly at odds with the status quo, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 137.891 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Fauxbras was a French witness to the era of the two world wars who was ?simultaneously unique and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 123.635 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(typical? \(p. 181\). Expressing his approval of the recent publication of a growing number of studies of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 109.379 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(intellectual itineraries, such as the work by Simon Epstein and Philippe Burrin, Perry embarks with the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 95.123 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(ambition to refine the form.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 167.000 95.123 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(1\))] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 167.000 93.729 m 180.992 93.729 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 180.992 95.123 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( Perry acknowledges that while there were ?trigger-events?, ?individuals did )] TJ ET BT 34.016 80.867 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(not conveniently obey general trends ? All this suggests an erroneous over-determination of political ideas in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 66.611 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(some of the historical literature about political itineraries during this period? \(p. 98\).)] TJ ET BT 34.016 563.315 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Review Number:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 549.059 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(1112)] TJ ET BT 34.016 534.803 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publish date:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 520.547 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Monday, 1 August, 2011)] TJ ET BT 34.016 506.291 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Author:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 492.035 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Matthew Perry)] TJ ET BT 34.016 477.779 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(ISBN:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 463.523 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(9780230594418)] TJ ET BT 34.016 449.267 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Date of Publication:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 435.011 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(2011)] TJ ET BT 34.016 420.755 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Price:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 406.499 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(55.00)] TJ ET BT 34.016 392.243 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Pages:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 377.987 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(272pp.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 363.731 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publisher:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 349.475 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Palgrave Macmillan)] TJ ET BT 34.016 335.219 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Place of Publication:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 320.963 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Basingstoke)] TJ ET BT 34.016 306.707 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Reviewer:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 292.451 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Gearid Barry)] TJ ET endstream endobj 8 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F1 /BaseFont /Times-Roman /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 9 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F2 /BaseFont /Times-Italic /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 10 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F3 /BaseFont /Times-Bold /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 11 0 obj << /Type /XObject /Subtype /Image /Width 509 /Height 160 /Filter /FlateDecode /DecodeParms << /Predictor 15 /Colors 3 /Columns 509 /BitsPerComponent 8>> /Mask [ 255 255 255 255 255 255 ] /ColorSpace /DeviceRGB /BitsPerComponent 8 /Length 3280>> stream x[EQ㎦fVttҒ +3O{?lGDQԯDrB^.ϯ%~'0۠/2>0AG_>0j0GCfE67>rB^}@  !&y+r?INp:erc b8f=rQC!~-Wf^^zF[)G 2ޯe7V_Go3Ke GEGOo8rώ#\1ZY~N6^H}yLxS-!:412V+u\-LSO?xVvZ|GjǮT_8EYJF=Tw^ 7GxfN/S:Ʌ~ʟtt?5n÷J'JcF-GVξx{rO~tJd;#a\7}|~y'>}c2C vR}f׈**h.)_&@pfzjsx:5;S\vKhM5j=!Cn+h"u]a EUN]jn=k<,:Ք>sU!ni~6EJ)¦72?G}[y}_vc$t?iSܟ2Zݞ,VN?_`='RFK1A2qv&X_lLRWY'%:I㢖zb_UEx\>&ɆBˏ~K@ \gYØU4}$8Dv!'Q'*+Εj(UCGo[#< 2Ja(sZi9fZKE Rn`u\9r^Zmɯ׹}mstO4uc~#'jEvۼ Dx[z ޏQ4KL5,5u3>i^uÒ-53ba ~,~/pyt1fMU'CVm:qv~=Y'Es"WsφG?l_kN5}],Ow7 uh`xƫ?zMl7ٻv$A(4Dl(wwH} ?=[=S;yC]^BK>㕪9`Z'Wj;E|:bf>kCԘ#RY,iv쵗~}n'"1u" *uO΄/2^Sxr(!/DD\~mJyZ!MmrA!#u[if|99WB WΡpp}w}sh#,\ &:%˳X?D3 %W0cC?o̲^} F3XLVn]Cߖiϧ!7}yZJ#P7]=)7Ρp;>> Ye^xx{Oafw{ ;>4gfLt ʊ:q%#r/)pv!O4wGh|dS ӣݽހ-gVUC'pBxrB^} 7JA^} /'8!`:r?}}],X  }6y!`/~Br?}Q< >k7vx"] ,' .3jn{-i}|~%-};b6#U)7繎kiEw 㤳:E}[޼c"rꬊ7Dc$~"/Y&zSd:tFȌCrʙ`7u .#[-<)j ?TGS(j~oTup(hjU4PlJ=}|it.ҽ@\wʨuXÞZcx18Wo<~ikOg,ވ\^?EneyZcc0[R١z|zv7_m:_n]a?osS3~j^ hD.a_X'KfBX6w wݶ"Oa:,bvhrWH[uCF-Xfc}>x+Rz)2N-B 7y^٨;[/vg? | |2Sve}=o䑰j[vWjF0{굦?VI~}xM(_TlG__+]:#к?S} c>GŸD7 !w{S{B =x7a?oE#)+Gz:o_4Q<;n?\tt7?mGCџQGu4kņOF>F?#} hP&ђߴM#u!.СtL2^#o nIk_i.~7tr@n 1P~3?.[]=S5b߮~Yo^HFH YBi8a4iom>CKgMy*;?zqEӕ` >zB9iFzC?XF?ޟIܰ펉A}{I5ᄊx%ez#Mp@rߎpi]IOVjzuJt\۰f׺u5><,J~PTJp1)}){9N {!`/> endstream endobj 12 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 13 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 197.0117 675.3895 357.3317 687.2695 ] >> endobj 13 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews) >> endobj 14 0 obj [6 0 R /Fit] endobj 15 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 16 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 166.9997 94.0435 180.9917 105.9235 ] >> endobj 16 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 17 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Contents 18 0 R >> endobj 18 0 obj << /Length 8267 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 784.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Fauxbras ? as the left-wing activist and writer came to be known ? was born in 1898 in modest )] TJ ET BT 34.016 770.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(circumstances on the north French coast near Dunkirk,. An inveterate contrarian, Fauxbras was touched by )] TJ ET BT 34.016 755.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(great events and commented on them. An ?ordinary sailor? in the French navy, he published in the 1930s a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 741.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(pair of anti-militarist novels ? )] TJ ET BT 179.672 741.701 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Jean le Gouin)] TJ ET BT 246.992 741.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(1932\) and )] TJ ET BT 305.312 741.701 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Mer Noire)] TJ ET BT 355.640 741.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(1935\) ? based on this experience. )] TJ ET BT 525.596 741.701 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Mer )] TJ ET BT 34.016 727.445 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Noire)] TJ ET BT 61.352 727.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( was a fictionalization of the French Navy?s Black Sea mutiny of 1919 during the French intervention )] TJ ET BT 34.016 713.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(against the Bolsheviks in the Russian Civil War. These novels anchor the first of the three parts into which )] TJ ET BT 34.016 698.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the seven chapters of Perry?s monograph are helpfully grouped. The second part deals with the crisis of the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 684.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(1930s as refracted through Fauxbras?s novels and journalism. In 1935, he published )] TJ ET BT 440.624 684.677 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Viande Brler)] TJ ET BT 517.952 684.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 670.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(searing social realist novel on the Depression: it recounted the despair of the little people on the dole, and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 656.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(was written with the authority of the author?s direct experience of unemployment. In 1937, as a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 641.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(disenchanted supporter of the faltering left-wing Popular Front coalition, Fauxbras issued )] TJ ET BT 466.628 641.909 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Antide)] TJ ET BT 497.960 641.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( as a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 627.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(satirical allegory of French politics in the frenetic years since 1934, poking as much fun at left-wing pieties )] TJ ET BT 34.016 613.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(as it heaped scorn on the right. Analysis of them reveals Fauxbras as a valuable witness to, and sometime )] TJ ET BT 34.016 599.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(protagonist in, major public controversies. In the third part of the book, subtitled ?Defeat and occupation?, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 584.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Perry concentrates on two unpublished manuscripts of Fauxbras dating from the Second World War. The )] TJ ET BT 34.016 570.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(first ? a survey of fellow French POWs in 1940 ? and the second, a polemic against pro-Germanism in the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 556.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(French navy, were both out of sync with national requirements in wartime and then liberated France and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 542.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(never saw print. These writings, published and private, span, therefore, Europe?s ?Thirty Year War? and the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 527.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(most fractious years of what historians have terms the ?Franco-French? civil war, providing a rich vein of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 513.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(material expertly mined by Perry.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 487.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(As the author of maritime equivalents to Henri Barbusse?s war novel )] TJ ET BT 368.960 487.349 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Le Feu)] TJ ET BT 402.620 487.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, Fauxbras is a writer of note. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 473.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(An apprentice sailor in February 1915, he served between the ages of 16 and 21 in the French navy. His war )] TJ ET BT 34.016 458.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(was one of battleship tours in the Mediterranean punctuated by the terror of Austrian U-boat attacks and a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 444.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(period in 1918 as a newly licensed airship pilot patrolling the sea lanes between Algiers and Marseilles. In )] TJ ET BT 34.016 430.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(his novels, Fauxbras speaks up for Jean Le Gouin or ?Jack Tar?, the title denoting the archetypal mariner. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 416.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(From the preface to the novel, reproduced by Perry in an appendix, we see that Fauxbras is driven by rage at )] TJ ET BT 34.016 401.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the official history of the war at sea as perpetrated by Paul Chack, Chief of the Historical Service of the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 387.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Navy from 1923 to 1935. Disdained by Fauxbras in his press columns as ?Chack-connerie? \(a pun implying )] TJ ET BT 34.016 373.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(deception\), Chack?s beatific account stressed phlegmatic self-sacrifice on the part of officers who went )] TJ ET BT 34.016 359.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(down with their ships and their patriotic men, )] TJ ET BT 255.668 359.045 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(noblesse oblige)] TJ ET BT 329.996 359.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(. Instead of sacred union of the high seas, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 344.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Fauxbras depicts French warships as sites of muted class warfare, which boils over on the Black Sea in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 330.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(1919. Perry correctly sees in this account of navy life a ?claustrophobic contestation of space quite unlike )] TJ ET BT 34.016 316.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the hundreds of miles of trenches on the front? \(p. 48\). The mutiny of part of the fleet at Sevastopol in April )] TJ ET BT 34.016 302.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(1919 was a key founding myth of the French Communist Party \(1920\) even if, from the first, Fauxbras kept )] TJ ET BT 34.016 287.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(a studious middle distance from the regimented ?Muscovites?.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 261.509 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Viande Brler)] TJ ET BT 111.344 261.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(1935\) is an immensely valuable social document, putting a human face on the humiliating )] TJ ET BT 34.016 247.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(reality of mass unemployment in the 1930s. Bullied at the dole office and harried by blood-sucking slum )] TJ ET BT 34.016 232.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(landlords, the life of its unfortunate main male character spirals downwards into the suicide that closes the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 218.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(morality tale. It may not have endured as much in cultural memory as the journeys across the economic )] TJ ET BT 34.016 204.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(dustbowls of England and America published by Orwell or Steinbeck but this was Fauxbras?s best reviewed )] TJ ET BT 34.016 190.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(book, and earned him a nomination for the Prix Goncourt. The economic system, Fauxbras claimed, made of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 175.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the workers ?meat to be burned?, a human waste produced by the dysfunction of capitalism. Lighter in mood )] TJ ET BT 34.016 161.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(which would not have been hard\) was Fauxbras? next novel. )] TJ ET BT 331.616 161.717 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Antide)] TJ ET BT 362.948 161.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( was a satire updating the allegorical )] TJ ET BT 34.016 147.461 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(journey of Voltaire?s Candide from the 18th century to the 1930s, with a happy-go-lucky guide whose hope )] TJ ET BT 34.016 133.205 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(is for all to be for the best in the ?best of all possible republics.? Savage on all fronts, the novel allows one )] TJ ET BT 34.016 118.949 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(hint of sentiment: not even Fauxbras can remain unmoved by the election night of May 1936, on which )] TJ ET BT 34.016 104.693 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Antide and his lover Manoute weep for joy. The novel made explicit the distrust of Stalinist Communism )] TJ ET BT 34.016 90.437 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(implicit in Fauxbras? earlier work. Attracted by the French Communists? professed anti-militarism, Antide )] TJ ET BT 34.016 76.181 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(undergoes an amusing membership interview for the French Communist party where heedlessly mentioning )] TJ ET BT 34.016 61.925 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Lenin and Trotsky in the same breath elicits horror of the part of his orthodox boards of assessors. Arriving )] TJ ET endstream endobj 19 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Contents 20 0 R >> endobj 20 0 obj << /Length 7758 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(in Moscow, Antide is disgusted to be told that the finest achievement of Communism is the Red Army. He )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(concludes that Stalin ? the ?Vulcan of the Urals? ? reigned over a brutal regime of discipline \(p. 90\). Not )] TJ ET BT 34.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(popular with French Communists for belling the cat, Fauxbras once more spoke his truth to power, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(irrespective of the season?s fashions.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 727.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Perry concludes his treatment of the 1930s by putting in context Fauxbras?s prolific output as a journalist in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 713.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(this period. Both contributing to the Radical newspaper )] TJ ET BT 302.996 713.189 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(L?Oeuvre)] TJ ET BT 350.984 713.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( and writing his own weekly column in the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 698.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(more niche )] TJ ET BT 90.668 698.933 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Merle Blanc)] TJ ET BT 150.320 698.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, Fauxbras was an assiduous part of the anti-establishment mosquito press that had )] TJ ET BT 34.016 684.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(grown up in response to the Great War and its diet of nationalist ?bourrage de crne? or ?brainwashing?. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 670.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Fauxbras? ?Commentaries of Csar? scanned the press, from left to right, for hogwash. He had rich pickings )] TJ ET BT 34.016 656.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(because, as Perry explains in an immensely valuable two-page excursus, the corruption of the press was not )] TJ ET BT 34.016 641.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(just a phantasm of the left \(pp. 101?3\). In truth, papers of nearly all political hues were being manipulated by )] TJ ET BT 34.016 627.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(any number of trusts and vested interests, acting on the part of big business, politicians and even foreign )] TJ ET BT 34.016 613.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(powers \(as evinced by the monies doled out by the Soviet embassy\). Though he does not make this explicit, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 599.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Perry?s useful statement of evidence parallels the case against the media for dereliction of duty sketched out, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 584.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(fleetingly, in Marc Bloch?s )] TJ ET BT 168.332 584.885 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Strange Defeat)] TJ ET BT 240.656 584.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(1940\). Fauxbras? columns displayed his distrust of authority: )] TJ ET BT 34.016 570.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(after the police shot and killed worker protestors at Clichy in March 1937, Fauxbras declared that the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 556.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Popular Front ?government had tamed the revolutionary crowd? \(p. 109\). Over and against governments, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 542.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Fauxbras constructed a ?model of intellectual engagement which viewed the intellectual as inseparable from )] TJ ET BT 34.016 527.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the people? \(p. 119\).)] TJ ET BT 34.016 501.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The transition for peace to war between 1938 and 1940 tested Fauxbras? political commitments further. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 487.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Attracted by the new integral pacifism of 1930s dominated by figures such as anti-colonialist Flicien )] TJ ET BT 34.016 473.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Challaye, Perry asks the pertinent question of how it was that Fauxbras did not go down the line of other )] TJ ET BT 34.016 458.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(pacifists who, after 1940, collaborated with Vichy or the Germans as the most effective way to peace. For )] TJ ET BT 34.016 444.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Perry, it was Fauxbras? very sectarianism as a man of the left ? often in itself unattractive ? that guarded him )] TJ ET BT 34.016 430.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(from the vertigo of Vichy. Though briefly in the integral pacifist Parti Frontiste party of Gaston Bergery in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 416.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(1939, for Fauxbras, the peace issue never bridged the gap between the left and the defeatist right, meaning )] TJ ET BT 34.016 401.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(there was reactionary company he would never sup with. Though critical of the French left, ?his arguments )] TJ ET BT 34.016 387.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(were with Marxists, not Marxism? \(p. 119\). A reluctant reservist, Fauxbras was mobilized as a sergeant into )] TJ ET BT 34.016 373.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the 511th Infantry Division of Dunkirk in March 1940. Seeing up close the collapse of the French army in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 359.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the face of the Wehrmacht advance, Fauxbras was amongst those who were taken prisoner on 28 May 1940. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 344.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(In the weeks from then to July 1940, he jotted down carefully the opinions of his fellow POWs, covering the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 330.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(first weeks of their captivity at the Kaisersteinbruch Stalag 17a, south of Vienna. Black humour and stoic )] TJ ET BT 34.016 316.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(withdrawal marked their observations. The investiture of Ptain and his policy decision for an armistice in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 302.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(late June the captives greeted favourably by and large though Fauxbras speaks up to remind his fellow )] TJ ET BT 34.016 287.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(inmates of Ptain as executioner of the mutineers of 1917. Perry rightly sees in this direct testimony from the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 273.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(POW camp a ?unique source of grassroots consciousness? which helps to puncture the bubble Vichy )] TJ ET BT 34.016 259.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(propaganda constructed around the prisoners \(p. 147\). Tying his research here with the recent scholarship on )] TJ ET BT 34.016 244.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the POWs, Perry argues, along with Richard Vinen and Sarah Fishman, that there was a yawning gap )] TJ ET BT 34.016 230.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(between the patriotic victims who ?constituted the regime?s legitimizing rationale, and the prosaic and more )] TJ ET BT 34.016 216.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(mundane reality of the prisoners? fractiousness? \(p. 126\). Repatriated in 1941, Fauxbras shared fully the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 202.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(hardships of the time, peddling knick-knacks from a kiosk near his home in Vincennes. Though not an active )] TJ ET BT 34.016 187.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(resistance man, Fauxbras chronicled the drab world around him in a private Occupation diary. Perry argues )] TJ ET BT 34.016 173.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(persuasively for its value as an unedited source, closer to the people than that of author Jean Guhenno. The )] TJ ET BT 34.016 159.461 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(diary takes the measure of the black market, the Allied bombing raids and the valency of support for Vichy; )] TJ ET BT 34.016 145.205 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(well-chosen quotes are supplemented by a more extensive reproduction of extracts in an appendix.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 118.949 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(This is a book that is well situated in relation the existing secondary literature, both building on it and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 104.693 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(qualifying it, where Perry?s findings lead to such revisions. Already author of several books on Depression-)] TJ ET BT 34.016 90.437 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(era Britain and France, Perry?s present book is an addition on several historiographical fronts, engaging with )] TJ ET BT 34.016 76.181 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(previous historians of the First World War, the 1930s and the ?Dark Years? of occupation, as well as studies )] TJ ET BT 34.016 61.925 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of the French working class. The French history-writing of the First World War has been much enlivened in )] TJ ET endstream endobj 21 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 24 0 R 27 0 R 29 0 R 31 0 R 33 0 R 35 0 R 37 0 R ] /Contents 22 0 R >> endobj 22 0 obj << /Length 7932 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the recent past by debates over the place of witness narratives and the roles of consent and coercion in the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(war. Perry declines to take an explicit stance between the different parties, showing familiarity with )] TJ ET BT 34.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(arguments he does not want his own work to be defined by. With an even-handed eclecticism, he accepts )] TJ ET BT 34.016 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Stphane-Audoin-Rouzeau and Annette Becker?s warnings against the narrative hegemony of the witness, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 739.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(while still speaking out for the hermeneutical value of the witness he is about to call to testify. On the naval )] TJ ET BT 34.016 725.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(mutinies, Perry builds on the history of the events by Philippe Masson whose work he praises but for its )] TJ ET BT 34.016 710.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(neglect of the ?emergence of a shared political culture of dissent? which Masson downplayed in favour of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 696.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(dissatisfaction with conditions instrumentalized by agitators \(p. 39\). Drawing on the scholarship of the 1917 )] TJ ET BT 34.016 682.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(mutinies in the land armies, Perry situates the Black Sea rebels in the same space Leonard V. Smith placed )] TJ ET BT 34.016 668.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the Fifth Infantry Division of his case-study: ?between mutiny and obedience? \(p.50\).)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 445.616 668.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(2\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 445.616 666.771 m 459.608 666.771 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 459.608 668.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( However, Perry )] TJ ET BT 34.016 653.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(jibs at a ?citizen-soldier? interpretation of the end of the protests, seeing, in keeping with historians like )] TJ ET BT 34.016 639.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Andr Loez and Nicolas Offenstadt, the strong arm of compulsion where Audoin-Rouzeau and Becker saw )] TJ ET BT 34.016 625.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(an underlying patriotism in the end of the ?strikes?.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 599.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(On the 1930s and 1940s, it is clear that this Fauxbras micro-history is grafted onto the sturdy stock of work )] TJ ET BT 34.016 584.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(like that of Julian Jackson. The chapters on the war are a good fit in terms of approach with the bigger )] TJ ET BT 34.016 570.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(canvas of the ?unfree French? painted in Vinen?s recent book. Fauxbras? concept of the ?people? chimes )] TJ ET BT 34.016 556.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(with the theme of Jessica Wardhaugh?s recent study on political culture in the 1930s )] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 443.288 556.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(3\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 443.288 554.979 m 457.280 554.979 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 457.280 556.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, too recent a book )] TJ ET BT 34.016 542.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(for inclusion by Perry, unfortunately. Overall, the immersion in the secondary literature that saturates the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 527.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(footnotes is both helpful and impressive, as is the range of primary sources other than novels consulted, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 513.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(ranging from state and police archives to a large number of newspapers and periodicals as well. Taken in the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 499.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(round, this monograph constitutes the deserved resuscitation of an author?s reputation, a witness and actor )] TJ ET BT 34.016 485.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(with a privileged insight into the grandeur and misery of the worker?s lot in the first half of the 20th century )] TJ ET BT 34.016 470.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(in France. Perry highlights him as a raiser of consciousness, almost intentionally leaving his character )] TJ ET BT 34.016 456.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(undefined, apart from the intriguing cover photograph of him with fellow POWs in 1941. One is intrigued to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 442.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(know, for instance, why he went silent from 1945 on. Fauxbras died on the very eve of the events in May )] TJ ET BT 34.016 428.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(1968 that were animated by the type of anti-authoritarian rejection of power structures, including the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 413.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Communist party, that he had identified himself with in 1937. In time, the spirit of 1968 tore down icons of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 399.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(war and nation as Fauxbras had wished to do to over the memory of the Great War. By constantly opposing )] TJ ET BT 34.016 385.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(to power the subaltern voice, he gained a passing recognition in his own time, but one that was quickly )] TJ ET BT 34.016 371.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(forgotten \(even by his own family\). Matt Perry?s fine book at last echoes his summons to justice, amplifying )] TJ ET BT 34.016 356.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(once more Csar Fauxbras as ?the voice of the lowly?.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 321.891 Td /F3 18.0 Tf [(Notes)] TJ ET BT 48.816 291.274 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(1.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 291.269 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Simon Epstein, )] TJ ET BT 140.360 291.269 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Un paradoxe franais: Antiracistes dans la Collaboration, Antismites dans la )] TJ ET BT 64.016 277.013 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Rsistance)] TJ ET BT 115.340 277.013 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(Paris, 2008\); Philippe Burrin, )] TJ ET BT 267.008 277.013 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(La Drive Fasciste: Doriot, Dat, Bergery 1933?1945)] TJ ET BT 64.016 262.757 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(Paris, 2003\).)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 129.008 262.757 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(1\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 129.008 261.363 m 182.996 261.363 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 48.816 248.506 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(2.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 248.501 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Matt Perry, )] TJ ET BT 121.676 248.501 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The Jarrow Crusade: Protest and Legend)] TJ ET BT 322.004 248.501 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(Sunderland, 2005\); Philippe Masson, )] TJ ET BT 510.332 248.501 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(La )] TJ ET BT 64.016 234.245 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Marine Franaise et la Mer Noire)] TJ ET BT 228.332 234.245 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(Paris, 1982\); Leonard V. Smith, )] TJ ET BT 391.988 234.245 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Between Mutiny and Obedience: )] TJ ET BT 64.016 219.989 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The Case of the French Fifth Infantry Division during World War I)] TJ ET BT 387.008 219.989 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(Princeton, 1994\); Stphane )] TJ ET BT 64.016 205.733 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Audoin-Rouzeau and Annette Becker, )] TJ ET BT 250.304 205.733 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(14?18: Understanding the Great War)] TJ ET BT 431.624 205.733 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(New York, 2002\).)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 525.932 205.733 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back )] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 525.932 204.339 m 553.592 204.339 l S BT 64.016 191.477 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(to \(2\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 64.016 190.083 m 90.344 190.083 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 48.816 177.226 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(3.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 177.221 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Jessica Wardhaugh, )] TJ ET BT 162.320 177.221 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(In Pursuit of the People: Political Culture in France, 1934?39)] TJ ET BT 462.980 177.221 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(Basingstoke, )] TJ ET BT 64.016 162.965 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(2009\).)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 95.012 162.965 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(3\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 95.012 161.571 m 149.000 161.571 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 136.709 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The author accepts this review and does not wish to comment further.)] TJ ET 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.391 119.983 526.499 1.500 re S BT 34.016 102.203 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Source URL:)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 104.672 102.203 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/review/1112)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 104.672 100.809 m 328.316 100.809 l S endstream endobj 23 0 obj [21 0 R /Fit] endobj 24 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 25 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 445.6157 667.0855 459.6077 678.9655 ] >> endobj 25 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 26 0 obj [21 0 R /Fit] endobj 27 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 28 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 443.2877 555.2935 457.2797 567.1735 ] >> endobj 28 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 29 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 30 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 129.0077 261.6775 182.9957 273.5575 ] >> endobj 30 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /GoTo /D 14 0 R >> endobj 31 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 32 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 525.9317 204.6535 553.5917 216.5335 ] >> endobj 32 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /GoTo /D 23 0 R >> endobj 33 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 34 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 64.0157 190.3975 90.3437 202.2775 ] >> endobj 34 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /GoTo /D 23 0 R >> endobj 35 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 36 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 95.0117 161.8855 148.9997 173.7655 ] >> endobj 36 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /GoTo /D 26 0 R >> endobj 37 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 38 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 104.6717 101.1235 328.3157 113.0035 ] >> endobj 38 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/review/1112) >> endobj 39 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Contents 40 0 R >> endobj 40 0 obj << /Length 225 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 784.354 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Links:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 769.954 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([1] http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/item/7752)] TJ ET endstream endobj xref 0 41 0000000000 65535 f 0000000008 00000 n 0000000073 00000 n 0000000119 00000 n 0000000349 00000 n 0000000386 00000 n 0000000582 00000 n 0000000671 00000 n 0000005061 00000 n 0000005170 00000 n 0000005280 00000 n 0000005389 00000 n 0000008950 00000 n 0000009078 00000 n 0000009162 00000 n 0000009191 00000 n 0000009318 00000 n 0000009354 00000 n 0000009419 00000 n 0000017739 00000 n 0000017804 00000 n 0000025615 00000 n 0000025741 00000 n 0000033726 00000 n 0000033756 00000 n 0000033884 00000 n 0000033920 00000 n 0000033950 00000 n 0000034078 00000 n 0000034114 00000 n 0000034242 00000 n 0000034297 00000 n 0000034425 00000 n 0000034480 00000 n 0000034606 00000 n 0000034661 00000 n 0000034788 00000 n 0000034843 00000 n 0000034971 00000 n 0000035067 00000 n 0000035132 00000 n trailer << /Size 41 /Root 1 0 R /Info 5 0 R >> startxref 35409 %%EOF