%PDF-1.3 1 0 obj << /Type /Catalog /Outlines 2 0 R /Pages 3 0 R >> endobj 2 0 obj << /Type /Outlines /Count 0 >> endobj 3 0 obj << /Type /Pages /Kids [6 0 R 17 0 R 34 0 R 39 0 R 47 0 R 76 0 R ] /Count 6 /Resources << /ProcSet 4 0 R /Font << /F1 8 0 R /F2 9 0 R /F3 10 0 R >> /XObject << /I1 11 0 R >> >> /MediaBox [0.000 0.000 595.280 841.890] >> endobj 4 0 obj [/PDF /Text /ImageC ] endobj 5 0 obj << /Creator (DOMPDF) /CreationDate (D:20140724130233+01'00') /ModDate (D:20140724130233+01'00') /Title (Women in European Culture and Society: Gender, Skill and Identity from 1700) >> endobj 6 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 12 0 R 15 0 R ] /Contents 7 0 R >> endobj 7 0 obj << /Length 4425 >> stream q 381.750 0 0 120.000 34.016 687.874 cm /I1 Do Q 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Published on )] TJ ET BT 99.356 676.469 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Reviews in History)] TJ ET BT 190.016 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \()] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 197.012 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 197.012 675.075 m 357.332 675.075 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 357.332 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\))] TJ ET 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.391 653.743 526.499 1.500 re S BT 34.016 615.321 Td /F3 18.0 Tf [(Women in European Culture and Society: Gender, Skill and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 593.937 Td /F3 18.0 Tf [(Identity from 1700)] TJ ET BT 34.016 266.195 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Deborah Simonton?s )] TJ ET BT 138.008 266.195 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Women in European Culture and Society: Gender, Skill and Identity)] TJ ET BT 468.968 266.195 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(from 1700)] TJ ET BT 34.016 251.939 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(purports a ?straightforward agenda ? to explore European women?s relationship to their culture and society )] TJ ET BT 34.016 237.683 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(since about 1700? \(p. 1\). Aimed at university students and lecturers, the book delivers a survey history of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 223.427 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(European women?s experiences and representations, which provides useful thematic synopses of regional )] TJ ET BT 34.016 209.171 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(similarities and differences in the domains of women?s familial relationships, working life and broader )] TJ ET BT 34.016 194.915 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(political culture. Its utility value as an original historiographical contribution is variable ? for instance, it is )] TJ ET BT 34.016 180.659 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(particularly good on German women and work 1945?2000, and more broadly it offers important )] TJ ET BT 34.016 166.403 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(comparisons between rural and urban life. Overall, its strengths are as a teaching and learning aid into the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 152.147 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(variety of European women?s experiences, providing another response to Joan Wallach Scott?s 1999 appeal )] TJ ET BT 34.016 137.891 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(to ?interrogate the production of the category ?woman? itself as a historical or political event whose )] TJ ET BT 34.016 123.635 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(circumstances and effects are the object of analysis?.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 287.936 123.635 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(1\))] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 287.936 122.241 m 301.928 122.241 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 301.928 123.635 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( Through a determination to extend the field of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 109.379 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(modern European women?s history from its overwhelming focus on Britain, France and Germany, )] TJ ET BT 510.272 109.379 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Women )] TJ ET BT 34.016 95.123 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(in European Culture and Society)] TJ ET BT 192.008 95.123 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( succeeds in bringing together insights into the historical condition of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 80.867 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(women in central, northern, southern and eastern Europe.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 54.611 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The book is a product of Simonton?s long-standing interest in the history of modern European women, first )] TJ ET BT 34.016 563.315 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Review Number:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 549.059 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(1117)] TJ ET BT 34.016 534.803 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publish date:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 520.547 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Monday, 1 August, 2011)] TJ ET BT 34.016 506.291 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Author:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 492.035 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Deborah Simonton)] TJ ET BT 34.016 477.779 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(ISBN:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 463.523 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(9780415213073)] TJ ET BT 34.016 449.267 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Date of Publication:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 435.011 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(2010)] TJ ET BT 34.016 420.755 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Price:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 406.499 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(75.00)] TJ ET BT 34.016 392.243 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Pages:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 377.987 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(432pp.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 363.731 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publisher:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 349.475 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Routledge)] TJ ET BT 34.016 335.219 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Place of Publication:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 320.963 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Abingdon)] TJ ET BT 34.016 306.707 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Reviewer:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 292.451 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Eve Colpus)] TJ ET endstream endobj 8 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F1 /BaseFont /Times-Roman /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 9 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F2 /BaseFont /Times-Italic /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 10 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F3 /BaseFont /Times-Bold /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 11 0 obj << /Type /XObject /Subtype /Image /Width 509 /Height 160 /Filter /FlateDecode /DecodeParms << /Predictor 15 /Colors 3 /Columns 509 /BitsPerComponent 8>> /Mask [ 255 255 255 255 255 255 ] /ColorSpace /DeviceRGB /BitsPerComponent 8 /Length 3280>> stream x[EQ㎦fVttҒ +3O{?lGDQԯDrB^.ϯ%~'0۠/2>0AG_>0j0GCfE67>rB^}@  !&y+r?INp:erc b8f=rQC!~-Wf^^zF[)G 2ޯe7V_Go3Ke GEGOo8rώ#\1ZY~N6^H}yLxS-!:412V+u\-LSO?xVvZ|GjǮT_8EYJF=Tw^ 7GxfN/S:Ʌ~ʟtt?5n÷J'JcF-GVξx{rO~tJd;#a\7}|~y'>}c2C vR}f׈**h.)_&@pfzjsx:5;S\vKhM5j=!Cn+h"u]a EUN]jn=k<,:Ք>sU!ni~6EJ)¦72?G}[y}_vc$t?iSܟ2Zݞ,VN?_`='RFK1A2qv&X_lLRWY'%:I㢖zb_UEx\>&ɆBˏ~K@ \gYØU4}$8Dv!'Q'*+Εj(UCGo[#< 2Ja(sZi9fZKE Rn`u\9r^Zmɯ׹}mstO4uc~#'jEvۼ Dx[z ޏQ4KL5,5u3>i^uÒ-53ba ~,~/pyt1fMU'CVm:qv~=Y'Es"WsφG?l_kN5}],Ow7 uh`xƫ?zMl7ٻv$A(4Dl(wwH} ?=[=S;yC]^BK>㕪9`Z'Wj;E|:bf>kCԘ#RY,iv쵗~}n'"1u" *uO΄/2^Sxr(!/DD\~mJyZ!MmrA!#u[if|99WB WΡpp}w}sh#,\ &:%˳X?D3 %W0cC?o̲^} F3XLVn]Cߖiϧ!7}yZJ#P7]=)7Ρp;>> Ye^xx{Oafw{ ;>4gfLt ʊ:q%#r/)pv!O4wGh|dS ӣݽހ-gVUC'pBxrB^} 7JA^} /'8!`:r?}}],X  }6y!`/~Br?}Q< >k7vx"] ,' .3jn{-i}|~%-};b6#U)7繎kiEw 㤳:E}[޼c"rꬊ7Dc$~"/Y&zSd:tFȌCrʙ`7u .#[-<)j ?TGS(j~oTup(hjU4PlJ=}|it.ҽ@\wʨuXÞZcx18Wo<~ikOg,ވ\^?EneyZcc0[R١z|zv7_m:_n]a?osS3~j^ hD.a_X'KfBX6w wݶ"Oa:,bvhrWH[uCF-Xfc}>x+Rz)2N-B 7y^٨;[/vg? | |2Sve}=o䑰j[vWjF0{굦?VI~}xM(_TlG__+]:#к?S} c>GŸD7 !w{S{B =x7a?oE#)+Gz:o_4Q<;n?\tt7?mGCџQGu4kņOF>F?#} hP&ђߴM#u!.СtL2^#o nIk_i.~7tr@n 1P~3?.[]=S5b߮~Yo^HFH YBi8a4iom>CKgMy*;?zqEӕ` >zB9iFzC?XF?ޟIܰ펉A}{I5ᄊx%ez#Mp@rߎpi]IOVjzuJt\۰f׺u5><,J~PTJp1)}){9N {!`/> endstream endobj 12 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 13 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 197.0117 675.3895 357.3317 687.2695 ] >> endobj 13 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews) >> endobj 14 0 obj [6 0 R /Fit] endobj 15 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 16 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 287.9357 122.5555 301.9277 134.4355 ] >> endobj 16 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 17 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 20 0 R 23 0 R 26 0 R 29 0 R 32 0 R ] /Contents 18 0 R >> endobj 18 0 obj << /Length 9855 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(illustrated over 15 years ago in her earlier book )] TJ ET BT 264.296 796.469 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(A History of European Women?s Work: 1700 to the Present)] TJ ET BT 552.596 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(2\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.016 780.819 m 48.008 780.819 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 48.008 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( It also emerges from a resurgence of interest in modern European women?s history in the last decade )] TJ ET BT 34.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(which has resulted in a plethora of publications comparing women?s experiences in two or more countries. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(A non-exhaustive list of these texts includes Barbara Caine and Glenda Sluga, G)] TJ ET BT 420.956 753.701 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(endering European History, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 739.445 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(1780?1920)] TJ ET BT 88.016 739.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, Lynn Abrams, )] TJ ET BT 166.340 739.445 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The Making of Modern Woman: Europe 1789?1918, )] TJ ET BT 422.312 739.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Gisela Bock?s )] TJ ET BT 494.300 739.445 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Women in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 725.189 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(European History)] TJ ET BT 120.344 725.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(covering the Middle Ages to the twentieth century\), Fiona Montgomery and Christine )] TJ ET BT 34.016 710.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Collette?s edited collection )] TJ ET BT 167.672 710.933 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The European Women?s History Reader)] TJ ET BT 362.312 710.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, Mary S. Hartman?s )] TJ ET BT 464.960 710.933 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The Household )] TJ ET BT 34.016 696.677 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(and the Making of History: A Subversive View of the Western Past)] TJ ET BT 353.648 696.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, Rachel G. Fuchs and Victoria E. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 682.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Thompson?s )] TJ ET BT 98.348 682.421 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Women in Nineteenth-Century Europe)] TJ ET BT 282.656 682.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, Mary Jo Maynes, Birgitte Sland, and Christina )] TJ ET BT 34.016 668.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Benninghaus? edited collection )] TJ ET BT 187.664 668.165 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Secret Gardens, Satanic Mills: Placing Girls in European History, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 653.909 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(1750?1960)] TJ ET BT 88.016 653.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, and Ann Taylor Allen?s )] TJ ET BT 212.660 653.909 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Women in Twentieth-Century Europe)] TJ ET BT 392.312 653.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 395.312 653.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(3\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 395.312 652.515 m 409.304 652.515 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 409.304 653.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( Simonton herself edited a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 639.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(collection of essays entitled )] TJ ET BT 170.000 639.653 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The Routledge History of Women in Europe since 1700)] TJ ET BT 435.308 639.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 438.308 639.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(4\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 438.308 638.259 m 452.300 638.259 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 452.300 639.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( These interventions )] TJ ET BT 34.016 625.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(reveal the sustained impetus behind academic surveys of modern European women?s history, which first )] TJ ET BT 34.016 611.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(emerged in the 1970s. With the exception of some sincere attempts at synthesis and comprehension \(notably, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 596.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Bonnie G. Smith?s )] TJ ET BT 128.024 596.885 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Changing Lives: Women in European History Since 1700)] TJ ET BT 404.336 596.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(,)] TJ ET BT 410.336 596.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Bonnie S. Anderson and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 582.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Judith P. Zinsser?s )] TJ ET BT 127.352 582.629 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(A History of Their Own: Women in Europe from Prehistory to the Present )] TJ ET BT 486.332 582.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and Olwen )] TJ ET BT 34.016 568.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Hufton?s )] TJ ET BT 81.008 568.373 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The Prospect Before Her: )] TJ ET BT 208.316 568.373 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(a History of Women in Western Europe. Volume One 1500-1800)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 521.276 568.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(5\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 521.276 566.979 m 535.268 566.979 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 535.268 568.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\), )] TJ ET BT 34.016 554.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(these studies have focused on the diversity and nuances of women?s expectations and obligations. In the last )] TJ ET BT 34.016 539.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(decade, scholars have self-consciously sought to write histories which move beyond a national framework to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 525.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(confront the challenges of studying modern European women across both time and space.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 499.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Simonton aims in )] TJ ET BT 121.700 499.349 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Women in European Culture and Society)] TJ ET BT 318.680 499.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( to contest the ?grand narrative? of women?s )] TJ ET BT 34.016 485.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(experiences in the past. In particular, she seeks to complicate accounts of bourgeois femininity and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 470.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(industrialisation and privileged periodisations, especially the predominant focus on the ?Victorian? period )] TJ ET BT 34.016 456.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(p. 3\). These are long-established subjects of critique amongst historians of women and gender, and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 442.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Simonton brings together a wide-ranging discussion to present her challenge. Drawing out the similarities )] TJ ET BT 34.016 428.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(between, and diversity within, women?s life and work-paths, she orientates her discussion around the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 413.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(spheres of ?family, commerce, industry, ideology, politics and cultural expression? \(p. 3\). For a text aimed at )] TJ ET BT 34.016 399.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(undergraduate students of European history and women?s history, and postgraduate students of gender )] TJ ET BT 34.016 385.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(scholarship, these foci have the benefit of moving discussion fluidly across the conceptual \(and physical\) )] TJ ET BT 34.016 371.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(arenas of the public and private and personal and political. Simonton offers a clear and sustained )] TJ ET BT 34.016 356.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(contestation of the ?separate spheres? school of gender history. She also illustrates the non-linear )] TJ ET BT 34.016 342.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(development of women?s political and social progressions. Her discussion of 18th-century townswomen?s )] TJ ET BT 34.016 328.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(community engagement outlines the sheer scale of economic citizenship \(or ?civil business?\) some women )] TJ ET BT 34.016 314.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(had in the print trade, to hospitality services via textiles\) long before political enfranchisement \(pp. 73?8\). )] TJ ET BT 34.016 299.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(While the much asserted emphasis on the professionalisation and politicisation of 20th-century Western )] TJ ET BT 34.016 285.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(society is complicated by statistics such as in the 1980s, fewer than a quarter of Italian, Dutch and Irish )] TJ ET BT 34.016 271.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(wives worked outside the home \(p. 321\).)] TJ ET BT 34.016 244.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Simonton is more successful in problematising established meta-narratives of women?s history than she is in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 230.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(her other core aim to write a ?transnational history? of modern European women. The transnational lens )] TJ ET BT 34.016 216.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(promises to offer historians of women and gender a prism through which to develop two key areas: firstly, to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 202.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(dismantle the fixity of social and cultural boundaries; and secondly, a fresh angle from which to reconsider )] TJ ET BT 34.016 187.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the multi-directional relationships between and across different social groups. 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However, in sympathy with other recent additions to the literature on )] TJ ET BT 34.016 102.437 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(modern European women, Simonton?s history is rooted in a comparative perspective. Whilst she transcends )] TJ ET BT 34.016 88.181 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(national preoccupations, Simonton nevertheless continues to accept national borders and boundaries as )] TJ ET BT 34.016 73.925 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(given. 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Each section is divided into three chapters, which in turn offer histories at the levels of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 741.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the individual, local community and the ?wider world?. Each chapter is introduced by a prelude)] TJ ET BT 496.268 741.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(which )] TJ ET BT 34.016 727.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(discusses key aspects of political thought as they impacted upon women?s experiences \()] TJ ET BT 457.280 727.445 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(l?ancien regime)] TJ ET BT 534.932 727.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 713.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(?the rights of man? discussion, the inheritance of Enlightenment thought and 20th-century political regime )] TJ ET BT 34.016 698.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(change\). Simonton ?separate[s]? these sections by two ?intermezzos?, which explore the Revolutionary era )] TJ ET BT 34.016 684.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(from c. 1790 to the 1850s\) and )] TJ ET BT 188.660 684.677 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(la belle poque)] TJ ET BT 261.980 684.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, charting the period c. 1880?1914. This elaborate structure )] TJ ET BT 34.016 670.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(interweaves women?s history both into a long )] TJ ET BT 257.660 670.421 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(dure)] TJ ET BT 284.984 670.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( and moments of particularly urgent social and cultural )] TJ ET BT 34.016 656.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(change. It also succeeds in making good Simonton?s claim to blur chronological boundaries and ?overlap? )] TJ ET BT 34.016 641.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(stories, whilst at the same time engaging with familiar patterns of periodisation which ?facilitates students? )] TJ ET BT 34.016 627.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(use of the book and helps to align it with other histories? \(p. 3\). Simonton?s main objective, therefore, is not )] TJ ET BT 34.016 613.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(simply to write women?s history as ?herstory?, but rather to locate the variety of the conditions and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 599.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(circumstances of women?s lives in the past within and alongside existing dominant narratives of modern )] TJ ET BT 34.016 584.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(European history, in the process challenging historiographical orthodoxies about nationalism and national )] TJ ET BT 34.016 570.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(identity. This echoes her ?Introduction? to )] TJ ET BT 240.320 570.629 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The Routledge History of Women in Europe)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 453.968 570.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(7\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 453.968 569.235 m 467.960 569.235 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 467.960 570.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, where she argued )] TJ ET BT 34.016 556.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(that ?Writing women into European history directly confronts a number of ideas about what constitutes )] TJ ET BT 34.016 542.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Europe, how its history is written and how this history relates to the emerging meta-narratives of global or )] TJ ET BT 34.016 527.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(world history? \(p. 1\).)] TJ ET BT 135.668 527.861 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [( Women in European Culture and Society)] TJ ET BT 335.648 527.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( makes a determined bid to situate women as )] TJ ET BT 34.016 513.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(agents of change and cultural producers, as well as discussing their representations. Read as part of a survey )] TJ ET BT 34.016 499.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(course on modern European history, it could provide insights into the ?intimacies? of women?s lives from )] TJ ET BT 34.016 485.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(childhood to marital life, the varied spheres of women?s work, and the elaboration of female citizenship.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 458.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Anecdotal evidence from Simonton?s wide-ranging reading brings together a vast range of famous and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 444.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(unsung extraordinary and ordinary women. Her discussion of the philosophy of women?s rights developed )] TJ ET BT 34.016 430.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(in the 1790s \(in the first intermezzo\) is an excellent example of banking up evidence across various regions )] TJ ET BT 34.016 416.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(to demonstrate a long-established commonplace in women?s history beyond the existing canon. Readers )] TJ ET BT 34.016 401.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(encounter Briton Mary Wollstonecraft alongside the less well-known \(certainly within a British )] TJ ET BT 34.016 387.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(historiography\) Germans Amalia Holst and Emile Berlepsch ? each of whom promoted civil equalities )] TJ ET BT 34.016 373.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(between men and women in subtly different terms \(p. 119\). Simonton is also good at uncovering exceptional )] TJ ET BT 34.016 359.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(women who have been understudied, like Sophie Germain \(who worked under the pseudonym Le Blanc\), )] TJ ET BT 34.016 344.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(who investigated the vibration and elasticity of surfaces which eventually contributed to the erection of the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 330.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Eiffel tower \(p. 109\). As important as these notable women are the many ordinary women and women )] TJ ET BT 34.016 316.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(writing about everyday situations who Simonton unveils. Heart-rending 18th-century correspondence from )] TJ ET BT 34.016 302.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Lady Jerningham to her daughter on her marriage \(?I lose you the best of daughters, the most amiable )] TJ ET BT 34.016 287.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Companion, the best friend I had the best placed confidence in??, p. 42\) contrasts with the 1950s Vacluse )] TJ ET BT 34.016 273.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(schoolgirl?s matter-of-fact overview of her mother?s daily obligations \(p. 331\). Taken together, these )] TJ ET BT 34.016 259.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(examples point to the emotional and intimate facets of women?s everyday lives about which historians still )] TJ ET BT 34.016 244.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(have much to understand.)] TJ ET endstream endobj 36 0 obj [34 0 R /Fit] endobj 37 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 38 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 453.9677 569.5495 467.9597 581.4295 ] >> endobj 38 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 39 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 42 0 R 45 0 R ] /Contents 40 0 R >> endobj 40 0 obj << /Length 8095 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 784.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(A particularly useful addition to the book is the series of timelines of key events and issues that append each )] TJ ET BT 34.016 770.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(prelude and intermezzo. These chronologies are a key tool through which Simonton provides students )] TJ ET BT 34.016 755.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(simultaneously with an overview of women?s history and a narrative about women?s experiences over time )] TJ ET BT 34.016 741.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(that fits alongside other histories of modern Europe. They provide readers with a good level of detail which )] TJ ET BT 34.016 727.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(can be layered over other chronologies of political, economic and social events. Moreover, many of the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 713.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(milestones and achievements that Simonton flags up could themselves be developed as dissertation topics )] TJ ET BT 34.016 698.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(for undergraduate or masters students. Intriguing entries, such as the reference to Eleanor Coade, who in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 684.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(1770 developed a formula with her daughter for artificial stone, but died without revealing its composition, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 670.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(are surely worth pursuing. Additionally, for instance, the timeline for ?Modern times? has two entries for )] TJ ET BT 34.016 656.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(1963 which ask for exploration: the ratification of the International Labor Organisation?s Equal Wage )] TJ ET BT 34.016 641.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Convention, and the story behind Soviet Lieutenant Colonel Valentina Tereschova?s achievement \(in June )] TJ ET BT 34.016 627.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of that year\) as the first woman in space.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 601.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(A long-standing and important aim of women?s history \(beyond making women visible\) is to make )] TJ ET BT 34.016 587.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(women?s articulations of their experiences part of the historical record. Simonton situates her work firmly )] TJ ET BT 34.016 572.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(within this goal, writing that ?Where possible, this book relies on women?s own voices to articulate how )] TJ ET BT 34.016 558.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(they saw their worlds and their places within it? \(p. 5\). Women?s voices permeate )] TJ ET BT 430.604 558.629 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Women in European )] TJ ET BT 34.016 544.373 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Culture and Society)] TJ ET BT 129.344 544.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, transcending geographical region, class and generation \(and sometimes in comparison )] TJ ET BT 34.016 530.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(with men?s\). However, the breadth of the book?s thematic coverage occasionally hampers the degree to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 515.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(which readers might get a sense of the personality of individual speakers, or a chance to locate their )] TJ ET BT 34.016 501.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(expressions within the wider social and emotional parameters of a life story. Inadvertently, Simonton )] TJ ET BT 34.016 487.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(underlines this limitation in the rich case-study of Milja Tamm, with which she chooses to open the prelude )] TJ ET BT 34.016 473.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(to ?Modern times?. Tamm, Simonton relays, was born in May 1918 on the island of Hiiumaa in Estonia. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 458.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(After completing high school in Tallinn in 1937, she was a private tutor and then teacher on the island of her )] TJ ET BT 34.016 444.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(birth. During the Second World War, Milja negotiated governmental changes and movements for new jobs )] TJ ET BT 34.016 430.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(including a sideways move into journalism\), as well as the constant threat of German soldiers on Hiiumaa. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 416.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(She also lost touch with her fianc Villem at this time, who was deported to Siberia. Following family )] TJ ET BT 34.016 401.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(tragedies \(like the disappearance of her brother-in-law\), Milja was arrested in February 1946 and sent to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 387.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Siberia for nine years of forced labour. On her return, she married Villem \(whom she had not seen for 17 )] TJ ET BT 34.016 373.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(years\), and gave birth to twins. She became a secretary when her children were school age, and worked for )] TJ ET BT 34.016 359.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the rest of her life until she retired in 1972 \(pp. 265?6\). Tamm?s story \(which Simonton extracts from the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 344.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(collection )] TJ ET BT 84.344 344.789 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Carrying Linda?s Stones)] TJ ET BT 204.356 344.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(: )] TJ ET BT 210.692 344.789 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(An Anthology of Estonian Women?s Life Stories)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 445.028 344.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(8\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 445.028 343.395 m 459.020 343.395 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 459.020 344.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\) is an example of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 330.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(where Simonton might have developed the methodological benefits of writing history from a perspective )] TJ ET BT 34.016 316.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(that moves from the specific to the general. In engaging closely with the minutiae of Tamm?s biography, the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 302.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(reader gets a sense of the complex overlays of hardships, achievements and experiences that made up this )] TJ ET BT 34.016 287.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(woman?s life. Simonton is almost apologetic for deploying this example, claiming that ?the specific )] TJ ET BT 34.016 273.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(conditions and influences of individual women?s lives were different, and perhaps she [Tamm] was not )] TJ ET BT 34.016 259.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(typical?, but nevertheless that Tamm?s ?life illustrates the vagaries and rapidity of political change? )] TJ ET BT 34.016 244.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(experienced by a broad demographic of women in the 20th century \(p. 266\). Questions of uniqueness and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 230.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(representativeness, however, are not the most relevant framework here. It would have been more interesting )] TJ ET BT 34.016 216.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(and historically rewarding\) if Simonton explored the relationship between the social, cultural and subjective )] TJ ET BT 34.016 202.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(layers of history. Tamm?s biography cries out for such treatment.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 175.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Telling the story of a group of inhabitants of a political or territorial unit is usually inevitably freighted by )] TJ ET BT 34.016 161.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the author?s own geographical and cultural perspective. Karen Offen recently observed the limitations of the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 147.461 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(primary material used in comparative histories of modern European women by scholars who are typically )] TJ ET BT 34.016 133.205 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(mono- or bi-lingual.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 131.012 133.205 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(9\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 131.012 131.811 m 145.004 131.811 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 145.004 133.205 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( Although Simonton relies heavily on English language secondary material, she does )] TJ ET BT 34.016 118.949 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(draw on secondary sources published in other languages \(she includes eight non-English texts in the further )] TJ ET BT 34.016 104.693 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(reading bibliography, predominantly in German and French, but also Swedish\). She also discusses some non-)] TJ ET BT 34.016 90.437 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(English published primary sources, including fiction, journals, and treatises. It is surprising, then, that she )] TJ ET BT 34.016 76.181 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(omits references to some very valuable tools that are widely available for students and researchers of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 61.925 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(European women?s history in other languages. It is nearly 30 years since Joyce Duncan Falk wrote about the )] TJ ET endstream endobj 41 0 obj [39 0 R /Fit] endobj 42 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 43 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 445.0277 343.7095 459.0197 355.5895 ] >> endobj 43 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 44 0 obj [39 0 R /Fit] endobj 45 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 46 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 131.0117 132.1255 145.0037 144.0055 ] >> endobj 46 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 47 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 50 0 R 52 0 R 54 0 R 56 0 R 58 0 R 60 0 R 62 0 R 64 0 R 66 0 R 68 0 R 70 0 R 72 0 R 74 0 R ] /Contents 48 0 R >> endobj 48 0 obj << /Length 10499 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(emerging online bibliographies in women?s European history.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 332.984 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(10\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 332.984 795.075 m 352.976 795.075 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 352.976 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( Since then, online database collections )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(have been steadily growing, with notable examples including Aletta \(International Archives for the Women's )] TJ ET BT 34.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Movement\) from the Netherlands, KVINNSAM \(Kvinnohistoriska samlingarna, Centre for Studies in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Women?s History\) from Sweden, and GenderInn \(Women?s and Gender Studies Database\) from Germany. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 739.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The FRAGEN database \(launched in 2011\) of texts pertaining to the development of second-wave European )] TJ ET BT 34.016 725.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(feminism throughout the 27 EU countries plus Croatia and Turkey, is searchable via country, author, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 710.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(keywords and thematic overviews. Using these materials does demand language skills of students and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 696.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(researchers, but the unexplored terrains which they promise to reveal is an incentive to engage in the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 682.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(interdisciplinary agenda of women?s history through a multilingual lens.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 656.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(In part because )] TJ ET BT 109.652 656.165 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Women in European Culture and Society)] TJ ET BT 306.632 656.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( is aimed at the current and next generation of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 641.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(women?s and gender history students and students of survey courses on modern European history, it would )] TJ ET BT 34.016 627.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(have been good to see Simonton adopt a more challenging conceptual line. Capturing the nuances and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 613.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(diversity of women?s experiences, and the complex relationship between continuity and change, remain )] TJ ET BT 34.016 599.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(central and important intellectual challenges posed by women?s and gender history. Simonton signals her )] TJ ET BT 34.016 584.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(engagement with these challenges throughout the book, and at one moment in the resonant phrase, ?new )] TJ ET BT 34.016 570.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(wine, old bottles? \(p 197\). However, there is a place for women?s history today to be pushing the conceptual )] TJ ET BT 34.016 556.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and methodological boundaries even further. New wine and old bottles can only take the project of women?s )] TJ ET BT 34.016 542.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(history as far as the definition of those terms allows. A more radical transnational framework would not only )] TJ ET BT 34.016 527.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(have had the benefit of highlighting the blurred cultural edges of particular European women?s experiences, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 513.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(it could also have enabled Simonton to develop the signposts she lays to emotional history in order to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 499.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(explore the forms of relationship through which women inhabited and negotiated modernising culture and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 485.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(society. Simonton?s text might have been even more creative and exciting had she moved beyond )] TJ ET BT 34.016 470.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(conceptualisations of new and old and sought to smash the stereotypes and the bottle altogether.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 435.939 Td /F3 18.0 Tf [(Notes)] TJ ET BT 48.816 405.322 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(1.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 405.317 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Joan Wallach Scott, )] TJ ET BT 162.668 405.317 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Gender and the Politics of History)] TJ ET BT 328.328 405.317 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(Rev. ed., New York, 1999\), pp. 206?7.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 521.624 405.317 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back )] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 521.624 403.923 m 549.284 403.923 l S BT 64.016 391.061 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(to \(1\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 64.016 389.667 m 90.344 389.667 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 48.816 376.810 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(2.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 376.805 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Deborah Simonton, )] TJ ET BT 161.012 376.805 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(A History of European Women?s Work: 1700 to the Present)] TJ ET BT 449.312 376.805 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(London, 1998\).)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 530.636 376.805 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back )] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 530.636 375.411 m 558.296 375.411 l S BT 64.016 362.549 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(to \(2\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 64.016 361.155 m 90.344 361.155 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 48.816 348.298 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(3.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 348.293 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Barbara Caine and Glenda Sluga, G)] TJ ET BT 235.976 348.293 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(endering European History, 1780?1920)] TJ ET BT 427.964 348.293 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(London, 2000\); Lynn )] TJ ET BT 64.016 334.037 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Abrams, )] TJ ET BT 108.008 334.037 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The Making of Modern Woman: Europe 1789?1918 )] TJ ET BT 360.980 334.037 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(London, 2002\);)] TJ ET BT 442.640 334.037 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Gisela Bock, )] TJ ET BT 507.632 334.037 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Women in )] TJ ET BT 64.016 319.781 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(European History)] TJ ET BT 150.344 319.781 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(Oxford, 2002\) \(covering the Middle Ages to the 20th century\); )] TJ ET BT 461.624 319.781 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The European )] TJ ET BT 64.016 305.525 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Women?s History Reader)] TJ ET BT 187.328 305.525 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, ed. Fiona Montgomery and Christine Collette \(London, 2002\); Mary S. )] TJ ET BT 64.016 291.269 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Hartman, )] TJ ET BT 112.004 291.269 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The Household and the Making of History: A Subversive View of the Western Past)] TJ ET BT 507.632 291.269 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(New )] TJ ET BT 64.016 277.013 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(York, NY, 2004\); Rachel G. Fuchs and Victoria E. Thompson, )] TJ ET BT 368.312 277.013 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Women in Nineteenth-Century Europe)] TJ ET BT 64.016 262.757 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(Basingstoke, 2005\); )] TJ ET BT 167.012 262.757 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Secret Gardens, Satanic Mills: Placing Girls in European History, 1750?1960)] TJ ET BT 544.664 262.757 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, )] TJ ET BT 64.016 248.501 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(ed. Mary Jo Maynes, Birgitte Sland, and Christina Benninghaus \(Bloomington, IN, 2005\); Ann )] TJ ET BT 64.016 234.245 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Taylor Allen, )] TJ ET BT 131.672 234.245 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Women in Twentieth-Century Europe )] TJ ET BT 314.324 234.245 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(Basingstoke, 2008\).)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 413.984 234.245 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(3\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 413.984 232.851 m 467.972 232.851 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 48.816 219.994 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(4.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 219.989 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The Routledge History of Women in Europe since 1700)] TJ ET BT 329.324 219.989 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, ed. Deborah Simonton \(London, 2006\).)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 524.972 219.989 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back )] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 524.972 218.595 m 552.632 218.595 l S BT 64.016 205.733 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(to \(4\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 64.016 204.339 m 90.344 204.339 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 48.816 191.482 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(5.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 191.477 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Bonnie G. Smith, )] TJ ET BT 151.028 191.477 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Changing Lives: Women in European History Since 1700 )] TJ ET BT 430.340 191.477 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(London, 1989\), Bonnie )] TJ ET BT 64.016 177.221 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(S. Anderson and Judith P. Zinsser, )] TJ ET BT 233.012 177.221 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(A History of Their Own: Women in Europe from Prehistory to the )] TJ ET BT 64.016 162.965 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Present )] TJ ET BT 103.676 162.965 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(London, 1988; 2000\) and Olwen Hufton, )] TJ ET BT 307.652 162.965 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The Prospect Before Her: )] TJ ET BT 434.960 162.965 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(a History of Women in )] TJ ET BT 64.016 148.709 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Western Europe. 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