%PDF-1.3 1 0 obj << /Type /Catalog /Outlines 2 0 R /Pages 3 0 R >> endobj 2 0 obj << /Type /Outlines /Count 0 >> endobj 3 0 obj << /Type /Pages /Kids [6 0 R 14 0 R 16 0 R 18 0 R 20 0 R ] /Count 5 /Resources << /ProcSet 4 0 R /Font << /F1 8 0 R /F2 9 0 R /F3 10 0 R >> /XObject << /I1 11 0 R >> >> /MediaBox [0.000 0.000 595.280 841.890] >> endobj 4 0 obj [/PDF /Text /ImageC ] endobj 5 0 obj << /Creator (DOMPDF) /CreationDate (D:20150825112151+01'00') /ModDate (D:20150825112151+01'00') /Title (The Cosgrave Party: A History of Cumann na nGaedheal, 1923-33) >> endobj 6 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 12 0 R ] /Contents 7 0 R >> endobj 7 0 obj << /Length 4422 >> stream q 381.750 0 0 120.000 34.016 687.874 cm /I1 Do Q 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Published on )] TJ ET BT 99.356 676.469 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Reviews in History)] TJ ET BT 190.016 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \()] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 197.012 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 197.012 675.075 m 357.332 675.075 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 357.332 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\))] TJ ET 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.391 653.743 526.499 1.500 re S BT 34.016 615.321 Td /F3 18.0 Tf [(The Cosgrave Party: A History of Cumann na nGaedheal, 1923-33)] TJ ET BT 34.016 287.579 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Ciara Meehan?s )] TJ ET BT 114.656 287.579 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The Cosgrave Party)] TJ ET BT 211.316 287.579 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( is the first monograph devoted solely to the Cumann na nGaedheal )] TJ ET BT 34.016 273.323 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(party, and as such is an important addition to the literature. Its novel focus on electioneering, in particular, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 259.067 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(should make this book noteworthy to historians of the Irish revolution, and to those interested in 20th-)] TJ ET BT 34.016 244.811 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(century Irish history more broadly. Meehan starts from the premise that Cumann na nGaedheal has yet to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 230.555 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(receive its just due from historians, who have ?largely neglected? the party \(p. xi\), or focused excessively on )] TJ ET BT 34.016 216.299 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(its failures and decline. As a result the party ?has remained something of an enigma? \(p. xi\). To correct this )] TJ ET BT 34.016 202.043 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(neglect, Meehan ?seeks to evaluate the party and locate its place in Irish history? \(p. xi\). The result will be a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 187.787 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(?more balanced judgement than has previously been offered? \(p. xvi\), acknowledging the party?s failures, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 173.531 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(while giving more attention to its successes than previous analyses.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 147.275 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The Cosgrave Party?s)] TJ ET BT 141.344 147.275 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( core argument is that Cumann na nGaedheal was active, dynamic and productive, in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 133.019 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(contrast to the passive and listless party often found in textbooks and monographs. Meehan lauds the party )] TJ ET BT 34.016 118.763 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(for continuing an Irish tradition of ?moderate nationalism? \(p. xi\) ? which later in the book is rendered )] TJ ET BT 34.016 104.507 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(?constitutional nationalism? \(p. 91\) ? through its commitment to solving problems through legislative )] TJ ET BT 34.016 90.251 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(change, rather than physical struggle. The record of its achievements, as cataloged in )] TJ ET BT 444.584 90.251 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The Cosgrave Party)] TJ ET BT 541.244 90.251 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 75.995 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(includes the preservation of Irish democracy, the promotion of Irish pride at home and abroad, the winning )] TJ ET BT 34.016 61.739 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of Irish sovereignty through the Anglo-Irish Treaty, and the aggressive countering of Sinn Fin and Fianna )] TJ ET BT 34.016 584.699 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Review Number:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 570.443 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(1120)] TJ ET BT 34.016 556.187 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publish date:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 541.931 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Thursday, 1 September, 2011)] TJ ET BT 34.016 527.675 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Author:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 513.419 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Ciara Meehan)] TJ ET BT 34.016 499.163 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(ISBN:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 484.907 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(9781904890652)] TJ ET BT 34.016 470.651 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Date of Publication:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 456.395 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(2010)] TJ ET BT 34.016 442.139 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Price:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 427.883 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(30.00)] TJ ET BT 34.016 413.627 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Pages:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 399.371 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(325pp.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 385.115 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publisher:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 370.859 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Royal Irish Academy)] TJ ET BT 34.016 356.603 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Place of Publication:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 342.347 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Dublin)] TJ ET BT 34.016 328.091 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Reviewer:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 313.835 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Jason Knirck)] TJ ET endstream endobj 8 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F1 /BaseFont /Times-Roman /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 9 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F2 /BaseFont /Times-Italic /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 10 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F3 /BaseFont /Times-Bold /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 11 0 obj << /Type /XObject /Subtype /Image /Width 509 /Height 160 /Filter /FlateDecode /DecodeParms << /Predictor 15 /Colors 3 /Columns 509 /BitsPerComponent 8>> /Mask [ 255 255 255 255 255 255 ] /ColorSpace /DeviceRGB /BitsPerComponent 8 /Length 3280>> stream x[EQ㎦fVttҒ +3O{?lGDQԯDrB^.ϯ%~'0۠/2>0AG_>0j0GCfE67>rB^}@  !&y+r?INp:erc b8f=rQC!~-Wf^^zF[)G 2ޯe7V_Go3Ke GEGOo8rώ#\1ZY~N6^H}yLxS-!:412V+u\-LSO?xVvZ|GjǮT_8EYJF=Tw^ 7GxfN/S:Ʌ~ʟtt?5n÷J'JcF-GVξx{rO~tJd;#a\7}|~y'>}c2C vR}f׈**h.)_&@pfzjsx:5;S\vKhM5j=!Cn+h"u]a EUN]jn=k<,:Ք>sU!ni~6EJ)¦72?G}[y}_vc$t?iSܟ2Zݞ,VN?_`='RFK1A2qv&X_lLRWY'%:I㢖zb_UEx\>&ɆBˏ~K@ \gYØU4}$8Dv!'Q'*+Εj(UCGo[#< 2Ja(sZi9fZKE Rn`u\9r^Zmɯ׹}mstO4uc~#'jEvۼ Dx[z ޏQ4KL5,5u3>i^uÒ-53ba ~,~/pyt1fMU'CVm:qv~=Y'Es"WsφG?l_kN5}],Ow7 uh`xƫ?zMl7ٻv$A(4Dl(wwH} ?=[=S;yC]^BK>㕪9`Z'Wj;E|:bf>kCԘ#RY,iv쵗~}n'"1u" *uO΄/2^Sxr(!/DD\~mJyZ!MmrA!#u[if|99WB WΡpp}w}sh#,\ &:%˳X?D3 %W0cC?o̲^} F3XLVn]Cߖiϧ!7}yZJ#P7]=)7Ρp;>> Ye^xx{Oafw{ ;>4gfLt ʊ:q%#r/)pv!O4wGh|dS ӣݽހ-gVUC'pBxrB^} 7JA^} /'8!`:r?}}],X  }6y!`/~Br?}Q< >k7vx"] ,' .3jn{-i}|~%-};b6#U)7繎kiEw 㤳:E}[޼c"rꬊ7Dc$~"/Y&zSd:tFȌCrʙ`7u .#[-<)j ?TGS(j~oTup(hjU4PlJ=}|it.ҽ@\wʨuXÞZcx18Wo<~ikOg,ވ\^?EneyZcc0[R١z|zv7_m:_n]a?osS3~j^ hD.a_X'KfBX6w wݶ"Oa:,bvhrWH[uCF-Xfc}>x+Rz)2N-B 7y^٨;[/vg? | |2Sve}=o䑰j[vWjF0{굦?VI~}xM(_TlG__+]:#к?S} c>GŸD7 !w{S{B =x7a?oE#)+Gz:o_4Q<;n?\tt7?mGCџQGu4kņOF>F?#} hP&ђߴM#u!.СtL2^#o nIk_i.~7tr@n 1P~3?.[]=S5b߮~Yo^HFH YBi8a4iom>CKgMy*;?zqEӕ` >zB9iFzC?XF?ޟIܰ펉A}{I5ᄊx%ez#Mp@rߎpi]IOVjzuJt\۰f׺u5><,J~PTJp1)}){9N {!`/> endstream endobj 12 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 13 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 197.0117 675.3895 357.3317 687.2695 ] >> endobj 13 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews) >> endobj 14 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Contents 15 0 R >> endobj 15 0 obj << /Length 7445 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Fil in Free State elections.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 770.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Meehan does not paper over Cumann na nGaedheal?s evident problems, but argues they were largely caused )] TJ ET BT 34.016 755.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(by the unusual circumstances surrounding its creation. Unlike most political parties, which are created in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 741.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(order to win power, Cumann na nGaedheal came into existence after the state, and was built by men who )] TJ ET BT 34.016 727.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(were already in power. This led to the party often being considered by its leaders as an afterthought and an )] TJ ET BT 34.016 713.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(irritant, full of job-seekers and whiners who failed to appreciate necessarily difficult post-revolutionary )] TJ ET BT 34.016 698.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(compromises. Party rank-and-file, on the other hand, frequently complained that leaders ignored grass-roots )] TJ ET BT 34.016 684.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(input and concerns. The ?distance between the grass roots and the TDs? played a role in weakening the party )] TJ ET BT 34.016 670.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(organization, a development which had a ?lasting impact? \(p. 14\).)] TJ ET BT 34.016 644.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The government seemed unconcerned about this distance, although cabinet ministers repeatedly assured )] TJ ET BT 34.016 629.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(party members and TDs that their voices would be heard more in the future. The motive for this disinterest, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 615.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(according to Meehan, was that the leaders of Cumann na nGaedheal genuinely put the interests of the state )] TJ ET BT 34.016 601.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(before those of their own party. Having first been government ministers, these men failed to transform )] TJ ET BT 34.016 587.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(themselves into party leaders. This led to a number of instances in which party leaders recklessly pursued )] TJ ET BT 34.016 572.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(unpopular policies perceived to be in the nation?s best interest. Kevin O?Higgins? repeated forays against )] TJ ET BT 34.016 558.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the liquor trade are the best examples of this phenomenon, but Meehan also similarly categorizes the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 544.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(repeated cuts to pensions, the futile prosecution of the )] TJ ET BT 295.976 544.373 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Irish Press)] TJ ET BT 348.308 544.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, the Mayo librarian case, and the ban on )] TJ ET BT 34.016 530.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(female married teachers. Meehan concludes that the party was often the ?author of its own misfortune?, \(p. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 515.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(181\) although she finds virtue in this demonstration of fidelity to a much-stated but infrequently-followed )] TJ ET BT 34.016 501.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(dictum that Irish politicians should act for national, rather than party, reasons.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 475.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Despite these setbacks and frailties, the party remained dynamic. Provocatively, Meehan primarily seeks )] TJ ET BT 34.016 461.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(evidence for this assertion in the period 1927?32, precisely those years that the majority of historians find )] TJ ET BT 34.016 446.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(most indicative of Cumann na nGaedheal?s listlessness. While admitting the potential inherent in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 432.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(O?Higgins, Meehan denies that his 1927 assassination sent the party into a fatal tailspin, claiming instead )] TJ ET BT 34.016 418.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(that the assassination, and the subsequent entrance of Fianna Fil into the Dil, actually galvanized Cumann )] TJ ET BT 34.016 404.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(na nGaedheal. With the elimination of Cumann na nGaedheal?s artificial Dil majority, the party could no )] TJ ET BT 34.016 389.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(longer afford its previously haphazard electioneering. The party did move to the ?right? after 1927, although )] TJ ET BT 34.016 375.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Meehan is not exactly clear what she means by this designation, at times equating this with the loss of the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 361.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(?Irish-Ireland? faction from Cumann na nGaedheal, and at times referring to the incorporation of former )] TJ ET BT 34.016 347.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Unionists and wealthy businessmen. This shift to the right, however imprecisely defined, did not mean that )] TJ ET BT 34.016 332.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Cumann na nGaedheal became backward-looking, traditional, or hidebound, as the party remained, in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 318.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Meehan?s view, active and productive under the post-O?Higgins leadership of men equally high-minded and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 304.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(dedicated to the state.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 278.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(There is a lot to like about this book. First and foremost, Meehan?s focus on Cumann na nGaedheal )] TJ ET BT 34.016 263.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(electioneering is original and path-breaking. An analysis of elections reveals the party?s ?professional side?, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 249.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and its combativeness. As Meehan notes, ?when the party?s position was threatened, it would respond to the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 235.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(challenge? \(p. 82\). For example, Cumann na nGaedheal was the first Irish party to hire an advertising agency )] TJ ET BT 34.016 220.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(to produce election propaganda. Work done by the firm O?Kennedy-Brindley for the September 1927 )] TJ ET BT 34.016 206.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(campaign resulted in electoral gains for Cumann na nGaedheal and an international advertising award for )] TJ ET BT 34.016 192.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(O?Kennedy-Brindley. The electoral innovations continued, as Cumann na nGaedheal was the first party to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 178.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(use an airplane, dropping party leaflets over North Dublin during a 1929 by-election. The party fought )] TJ ET BT 34.016 163.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(vigorous campaigns in 1932 and 1933, culminating in the 1933 deployment of a traveling talking film of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 149.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Cosgrave to smaller towns where the ex-President could not himself visit. Cumann na nGaedheal also more )] TJ ET BT 34.016 135.461 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(aggressively attempted to play the green card in the 1932 election, and, for the first time, focused more on )] TJ ET BT 34.016 121.205 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(future goals than past achievements in the campaign of 1933. Throughout, Meehan sharply argues that )] TJ ET BT 34.016 106.949 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Cumann na nGaedheal did not just collapse under the assault of a finely-honed Fianna Fil election machine. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 92.693 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(She sees the positioning of an active and vigorous Fianna Fil against a listless and moribund Cumann na )] TJ ET BT 34.016 78.437 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(nGaedheal as too simplistic, and instead asserts that Cumann na nGaedheal?s election campaigns were )] TJ ET BT 34.016 64.181 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(professional and clever, and that while the message may have lagged a bit ? particularly in 1932 when the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 49.925 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(electorate rejected the party?s Treaty-centered and backward-looking approach ? different media were used )] TJ ET endstream endobj 16 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Contents 17 0 R >> endobj 17 0 obj << /Length 7406 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(skillfully to the party?s advantage. She also frequently reminds readers that Cumann na nGaedheal lost most )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of its former voters to other Treatyite parties, rather than to Fianna Fil. Nevertheless, Meehan admits that, at )] TJ ET BT 34.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(least in 1933, ?Fianna Fil?s organizational efficiency ultimately trumped Cumann na nGaedheal?s )] TJ ET BT 34.016 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(electioneering ingenuity? \(p. 206\). Other than two sudden forays into quantitative analysis ? which might )] TJ ET BT 34.016 739.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(best have been left for a separate article, as they added little to the qualitative analysis ? Meehan?s work on )] TJ ET BT 34.016 725.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Cumann na nGaedheal?s electioneering is very impressive, and undermines the standard view that the party )] TJ ET BT 34.016 710.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(was wasting away by the late 1920s.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 684.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Meehan also devotes a significant amount of space to what she terms the party?s ?identity-building and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 670.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(image projection? \(p. 44\). In these sections, she details the strong international push for full Irish )] TJ ET BT 34.016 656.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(sovereignty, pursued at the League of Nations and through bilateral and inter-Commonwealth initiatives. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 641.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(She concludes that Cosgrave?s government ?had achieved a strong and impressive record in international )] TJ ET BT 34.016 627.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(affairs? \(p. 157\). There also is a well-done section analyzing Cosgrave?s 1928 trip to North America. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 613.397 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The Cosgrave Party)] TJ ET BT 130.676 613.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( also focuses on image-building within Ireland, briefly discussing such initiatives as the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 599.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Shannon Scheme, the creation of the 2RN broadcasting station, and O?Higgins? attempts to control the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 584.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(liquor trade. It would have been helpful if Meehan had summed up the ?image? of Ireland that Cumann na )] TJ ET BT 34.016 570.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(nGaedheal wanted to present, as often these initiatives appear disconnected, but the book nevertheless )] TJ ET BT 34.016 556.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(highlights the broad range of nation-building activities sponsored by Cumann na nGaedheal.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 530.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Finally, Meehan?s work takes Cosgrave seriously as a political actor, something that many other books on )] TJ ET BT 34.016 515.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the period have failed to do, as they have often depicted Cosgrave as a cipher who ceded initiative to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 501.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(stronger colleagues. The title of the book neatly illustrates Meehan?s approach, as she portrays Cumann na )] TJ ET BT 34.016 487.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(nGaedheal as much more under the sway of Cosgrave than previously thought. Meehan devotes six pages to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 473.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(an analysis of Cosgrave?s leadership style \(pp. 16?22\), and asserts that he never relinquished control over )] TJ ET BT 34.016 458.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(his Cabinet, even during his much-maligned absence during the Army crisis of 1924. Cosgrave apparently )] TJ ET BT 34.016 444.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(made a number of key decisions alone, including his savvy decision to call a snap election in September )] TJ ET BT 34.016 430.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(1927. Throughout his career, Cosgrave also inspired a fair amount of loyalty and devotion from party )] TJ ET BT 34.016 416.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(members.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 389.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Even with this welcome attention to Cosgrave, Meehan struggles to answer two of the most important )] TJ ET BT 34.016 375.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(questions about him: why he stayed in power and where he stood on many of the major issues facing the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 361.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(regime. As to the former, Meehan credits Cosgrave?s strengths, including his experience in the Dublin )] TJ ET BT 34.016 347.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Corporation and his successful record as Dil Minister for Local Government. Following Brian Farrell in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 332.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(characterizing him as a ?chairman? rather than a ?chief?, Meehan praises Cosgrave?s ?careful judgment in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 318.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(not allying himself to any one group? \(p. 19\). Despite a reputation for absence in times of crisis, Cosgrave )] TJ ET BT 34.016 304.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(was always in control of events: ?when necessary, Cosgrave asserted his authority? \(p. 19\). As a result, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 290.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Cosgrave retained the respect of his Cabinet colleagues and of the party at large, with even Kevin O?Higgins )] TJ ET BT 34.016 275.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(apparently disavowing any ambition toward party leadership. Meehan repeats the oft-stated view that )] TJ ET BT 34.016 261.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Cosgrave?s role was that of a ?mediator between the various groups in his party? \(p. 19\) and she sees the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 247.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Cabinet as divided into ?Irish-Ireland? and ?Imperial? factions, with Cosgrave apparently able to keep these )] TJ ET BT 34.016 232.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(disparate groups pointed toward a common goal.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 206.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The problem with this characterization ? and Meehan is certainly not its first proponent ? is that it lacks )] TJ ET BT 34.016 192.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(much evidence. Other than a story about the Oath told in later life by Ernest Blythe ? that Cosgrave initially )] TJ ET BT 34.016 178.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(feigned refusal to take the Oath so as to make inroads with those in the party hostile to the Oath, and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 163.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(convince them to enter the Dil ? there is not much direct evidence of Cosgrave?s mediating any particular )] TJ ET BT 34.016 149.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(disputes. The Army Mutiny certainly did not end with his mediation, as people on both sides of the dispute )] TJ ET BT 34.016 135.461 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(ended up angrily resigning. Mergers with the Farmers? Party repeatedly failed, as did the initial outreach to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 121.205 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the National League and talks of cooperation with the Labour Party in the wake of O?Higgins? murder. In )] TJ ET BT 34.016 106.949 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(fact, the party generally had more defections than Fianna Fil, and also frequently failed to reach agreement )] TJ ET BT 34.016 92.693 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(with outside entities. So if Cosgrave was a particularly strong mediator, some evidence needs to be adduced. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 78.437 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Part of the reason it is difficult to foreground Cosgrave?s arbitration skills is that it is not entirely clear )] TJ ET BT 34.016 64.181 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(where he stood on most of the key issues facing the regime. He appears to have been a stern supporter of law )] TJ ET BT 34.016 49.925 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and order, at least in the Dil, but there were reports that he privately opposed some of the 1922 executions. )] TJ ET endstream endobj 18 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Contents 19 0 R >> endobj 19 0 obj << /Length 7969 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(What Cosgrave himself thought was a desired, or at least acceptable, outcome of the Army crisis is not clear, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(nor is his position on free trade, the most divisive issue within the party in its last years. Meehan asserts that )] TJ ET BT 34.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(free-trader J. J. Walsh probably opposed Cosgrave on tariff policy, citing Liam de Roiste?s diary, but there is )] TJ ET BT 34.016 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(little direct evidence of Cosgrave?s personal views on economic policy. As a result, Meehan is left with the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 739.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(notion that Cosgrave remained in power simply for lack of a better alternative, which, while somewhat )] TJ ET BT 34.016 725.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(unsatisfying, is probably as good as explanation as anyone else has offered.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 698.933 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The Cosgrave Party)] TJ ET BT 130.676 698.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( is particularly impressive in its treatment of electioneering, the attention it gives to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 684.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Cosgrave, and in its wide-ranging evaluation of Cumann na nGaedheal?s state- and image-building )] TJ ET BT 34.016 670.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(endeavors. These alone make the book worth reading, and a strong contribution to an under-studied subject. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 656.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(However, the book also suffers from some shortcomings, none of which detract fatally from its overall merit. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 641.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The first such shortcoming is structural. )] TJ ET BT 228.332 641.909 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The Cosgrave Party)] TJ ET BT 324.992 641.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( is broadly chronological in organization, but )] TJ ET BT 34.016 627.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(within each chapter, the organization and scope are often unclear. A discussion of female TDs is rather )] TJ ET BT 34.016 613.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(jarringly inserted at the end of a section on the party?s formation. A long discussion on finance is interjected )] TJ ET BT 34.016 599.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(in the midst of a section on ?social and moral consciousness?. While there is a connection between financial )] TJ ET BT 34.016 584.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(policy and the government?s social and moral agenda, that connection is not clearly stated in the text. As far )] TJ ET BT 34.016 570.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(as the subjects covered, the bulk of the book is devoted to analysis of electoral issues, with other subjects )] TJ ET BT 34.016 556.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(peculiarly glossed over. For example, the Army Mutiny of 1924 ? which Meehan oddly refers to as a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 542.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(?relatively minor? split ? is given less space than the defection of J. J. Walsh in 1927, and slightly more )] TJ ET BT 34.016 527.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(space than the creation of a Dublin radio station. At times, Meehan asserts that the book is about the party, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 513.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(not the state, which is her ostensible reason for passing lightly over the Mutiny, as she did not want to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 499.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(discuss ?the internal workings of a military dispute?, but rather only the ?political implications for Cumann )] TJ ET BT 34.016 485.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(na nGaedheal? \(p. 39\). The problem is that this criterion is not applied consistently, as the party and the state )] TJ ET BT 34.016 470.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(are confused, or at least conflated, throughout the book. As one example, it is not immediately clear how the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 456.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(creation of the radio station affected the party, as opposed to the state. It seems as if Meehan?s interest was )] TJ ET BT 34.016 442.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(really in Cumann na nGaedheal electioneering, and concentrating on the party?s election strategies would )] TJ ET BT 34.016 428.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(have made for a more tightly-focused and clearly-argued book. As it stands, the book seems at times to be an )] TJ ET BT 34.016 413.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(amalgam of a thesis-driven work on electioneering and an encyclopedic \(and far less detailed\) compendium )] TJ ET BT 34.016 399.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of other government activities, a factor which leads to some awkward transitions and jumps.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 373.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Of greater concern is the book?s almost complete lack of engagement with the existing historiography on the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 359.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(1920s. Meehan refers to John Regan?s )] TJ ET BT 222.308 359.045 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The Irish Counter-Revolution)] TJ ET BT 364.304 359.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( as ?the only existing study,? but other )] TJ ET BT 34.016 344.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(than a perfunctory dismissal of Regan?s book as having ?a narrow focus on Cumann na nGaedheal?s role in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 330.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(consolidating the Irish revolution?, there is not much substantial discussion of existing works \(p. xv\). )] TJ ET BT 34.016 316.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(References to secondary sources are scattered throughout the chapters, but generally without engagement )] TJ ET BT 34.016 302.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(with their methodologies or broader arguments. Meehan?s contention that little has been done on Cumann na )] TJ ET BT 34.016 287.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(nGaedheal appears to rest on a statement from a Fine Gael Senator in 2003. Similarly, her statement that )] TJ ET BT 34.016 273.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(most historians have seen Cumann na nGaedheal as disappointing and declining by the late 1920s only )] TJ ET BT 34.016 259.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(references John Murphy?s 1975 textbook. Tom Garvin?s )] TJ ET BT 310.628 259.253 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(1922: The Birth of Irish Democracy)] TJ ET BT 483.608 259.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, to give just )] TJ ET BT 34.016 244.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(one example, is not discussed at all. While the lack of a standard historiographical discussion may reflect )] TJ ET BT 34.016 230.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(editorial concerns over space, the omission is still disarming, and the book would have been substantially )] TJ ET BT 34.016 216.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(richer with more interaction with the existing historiography.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 190.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(This is perhaps most obvious regarding Meehan?s claim that Cumann na nGaedheal continued the Irish )] TJ ET BT 34.016 175.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(tradition of constitutional or moderate nationalism. To put it bluntly, this is a loaded assertion, and needed )] TJ ET BT 34.016 161.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(much more argumentative and historiographical explication in )] TJ ET BT 336.308 161.717 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The Cosgrave Party)] TJ ET BT 432.968 161.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(. For one, ?moderate? )] TJ ET BT 34.016 147.461 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and/or ?constitutional? nationalism are never really defined in the Irish context. At times it seems as if )] TJ ET BT 34.016 133.205 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Meehan means that Cumann na nGaedheal mimicked the Irish party, and at other times, she seems to mean )] TJ ET BT 34.016 118.949 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(that moderate nationalism reflected a commitment to parliamentary methods and a renunciation of violence. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 104.693 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Meehan also admits that most Cumann na nGaedheal leaders came from Sinn Fin, but there is no real )] TJ ET BT 34.016 90.437 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(explanation given for their transformation into ?moderates? once they achieved power. There is a brief )] TJ ET BT 34.016 76.181 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(reference to how the ?financial burden of destruction? from the revolution and the civil war ?compromised )] TJ ET BT 34.016 61.925 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(any possibility of making the lofty aspirations of Sinn Fin?s revolution a reality?, but that argument is never )] TJ ET endstream endobj 20 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 22 0 R ] /Contents 21 0 R >> endobj 21 0 obj << /Length 2911 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(really developed \(p. 8\). John McCarthy has argued, at least in the case of O?Higgins, that the actual )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(experience of being in power tended to moderate more youthful, revolutionary impulses. That argument )] TJ ET BT 34.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(would have dovetailed nicely with Meehan?s emphasis on the fact that state formation preceded party )] TJ ET BT 34.016 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(formation, but, again, it is not developed in )] TJ ET BT 244.340 753.701 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The Cosgrave Party)] TJ ET BT 341.000 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(. So the reader is left with the sudden )] TJ ET BT 34.016 739.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(transformation of Sinn Finers into IPP-style nationalists, with little explanation of how this took place. In )] TJ ET BT 34.016 725.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(addition, there is a significant body of scholarship ? primarily by John Regan ? that queries the limits of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 710.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Cumann na nGaedheal?s constitutionalism, and other scholarship that delineates significant continuities )] TJ ET BT 34.016 696.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(between Cumann na nGaedheal and the revolutionary period. None of that work is really referenced here. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 682.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(More historiographical discussion could have helped to undergird Meehan?s arguments about constitutional )] TJ ET BT 34.016 668.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(nationalism.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 641.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(In sum, this is a great addition to the literature on the 1920s. While there are some structural and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 627.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(argumentative issues that handicap the book a bit, and the book may have benefited by focusing more )] TJ ET BT 34.016 613.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(narrowly on elections, these concerns should not detract from the many significant contributions this book )] TJ ET BT 34.016 599.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(makes to the field. This should be standard reading for historians of the 1920s, and )] TJ ET BT 434.300 599.141 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The Cosgrave Party)] TJ ET BT 34.016 584.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(opens up new interpretations and avenues of research for those interested in Cumann na nGaedheal.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 558.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The author accepts this review and does not wish to comment further.)] TJ ET 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.391 541.903 526.499 1.500 re S BT 34.016 524.123 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Source URL:)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 104.672 524.123 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/review/1120)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 104.672 522.729 m 328.316 522.729 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 497.752 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Links:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 483.352 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([1] http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/item/7760)] TJ ET endstream endobj 22 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 23 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 104.6717 523.0435 328.3157 534.9235 ] >> endobj 23 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/review/1120) >> endobj xref 0 24 0000000000 65535 f 0000000008 00000 n 0000000073 00000 n 0000000119 00000 n 0000000349 00000 n 0000000386 00000 n 0000000571 00000 n 0000000653 00000 n 0000005127 00000 n 0000005236 00000 n 0000005346 00000 n 0000005455 00000 n 0000009016 00000 n 0000009144 00000 n 0000009228 00000 n 0000009293 00000 n 0000016791 00000 n 0000016856 00000 n 0000024315 00000 n 0000024380 00000 n 0000032402 00000 n 0000032486 00000 n 0000035450 00000 n 0000035578 00000 n trailer << /Size 24 /Root 1 0 R /Info 5 0 R >> startxref 35674 %%EOF