%PDF-1.3 1 0 obj << /Type /Catalog /Outlines 2 0 R /Pages 3 0 R >> endobj 2 0 obj << /Type /Outlines /Count 0 >> endobj 3 0 obj << /Type /Pages /Kids [6 0 R 14 0 R 25 0 R 27 0 R 33 0 R ] /Count 5 /Resources << /ProcSet 4 0 R /Font << /F1 8 0 R /F2 9 0 R /F3 10 0 R >> /XObject << /I1 11 0 R >> >> /MediaBox [0.000 0.000 595.280 841.890] >> endobj 4 0 obj [/PDF /Text /ImageC ] endobj 5 0 obj << /Creator (DOMPDF) /CreationDate (D:20150416171712+01'00') /ModDate (D:20150416171712+01'00') /Title (The Edwardian Sense: Art, Design, and Performance in Britain, 1901-1910) >> endobj 6 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 12 0 R ] /Contents 7 0 R >> endobj 7 0 obj << /Length 4077 >> stream q 381.750 0 0 120.000 34.016 687.874 cm /I1 Do Q 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Published on )] TJ ET BT 99.356 676.469 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Reviews in History)] TJ ET BT 190.016 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \()] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 197.012 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 197.012 675.075 m 357.332 675.075 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 357.332 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\))] TJ ET 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.391 653.743 526.499 1.500 re S BT 34.016 615.321 Td /F3 18.0 Tf [(The Edwardian Sense: Art, Design, and Performance in Britain, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 593.937 Td /F3 18.0 Tf [(1901-1910)] TJ ET BT 34.016 251.939 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(By all accounts, ?the Edwardian? is a difficult historical period to define. Sandwiched between two )] TJ ET BT 34.016 237.683 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(momentous historical eras, the Edwardian years seem to lack a coherent identity of their own. Technically )] TJ ET BT 34.016 223.427 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(coinciding with Edward VII?s reign \(1901?10\), the period is not always easy to parse from the Late )] TJ ET BT 34.016 209.171 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Victorian era, and can easily bleed into the Georgian years before the outbreak of the First World War, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 194.915 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(which has meant that it tends to function as a nebulous buffer between the world of the 19th century and that )] TJ ET BT 34.016 180.659 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of the 20th. This liminality has meant that the Edwardian era has become perhaps the most mythologized )] TJ ET BT 34.016 166.403 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(moment in modern British history, constructed in novels, films, and nostalgic memoirs as the last gasp of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 152.147 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Old England before the cataclysm of world war. The authors of )] TJ ET BT 341.276 152.147 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The Edwardian Sense)] TJ ET BT 445.940 152.147 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, in defiance of this )] TJ ET BT 34.016 137.891 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(mythology, identify and analyze the unique characteristics of the Edwardian era, interrogating the role of art )] TJ ET BT 34.016 123.635 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and visual culture in constituting what it meant to be Edwardian.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 97.379 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(In its effort to define what was distinctively ?Edwardian? about Edwardian visual culture, the book unites a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 83.123 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(particular social history of the Edwardian years with an art historical analysis of the evolution of aesthetic )] TJ ET BT 34.016 68.867 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(modernism. Political and social historians have their own way of defining the first decade of the 20th )] TJ ET BT 34.016 54.611 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(century as a moment of tumult, a bumpy transition from the Victorian world driven by the agitation of labor )] TJ ET BT 34.016 563.315 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Review Number:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 549.059 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(1121)] TJ ET BT 34.016 534.803 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publish date:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 520.547 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Thursday, 1 September, 2011)] TJ ET BT 34.016 506.291 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Editor:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 492.035 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Morna O'Neill)] TJ ET BT 34.016 477.779 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Michael Hatt)] TJ ET BT 34.016 463.523 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(ISBN:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 449.267 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(9780300163353)] TJ ET BT 34.016 435.011 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Date of Publication:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 420.755 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(2010)] TJ ET BT 34.016 406.499 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Price:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 392.243 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(45.00)] TJ ET BT 34.016 377.987 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Pages:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 363.731 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(336pp.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 349.475 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publisher:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 335.219 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Yale University Press)] TJ ET BT 34.016 320.963 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Place of Publication:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 306.707 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(New Haven, CT)] TJ ET BT 34.016 292.451 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Reviewer:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 278.195 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Ryan Linkof)] TJ ET endstream endobj 8 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F1 /BaseFont /Times-Roman /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 9 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F2 /BaseFont /Times-Italic /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 10 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F3 /BaseFont /Times-Bold /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 11 0 obj << /Type /XObject /Subtype /Image /Width 509 /Height 160 /Filter /FlateDecode /DecodeParms << /Predictor 15 /Colors 3 /Columns 509 /BitsPerComponent 8>> /Mask [ 255 255 255 255 255 255 ] /ColorSpace /DeviceRGB /BitsPerComponent 8 /Length 3280>> stream x[EQ㎦fVttҒ +3O{?lGDQԯDrB^.ϯ%~'0۠/2>0AG_>0j0GCfE67>rB^}@  !&y+r?INp:erc b8f=rQC!~-Wf^^zF[)G 2ޯe7V_Go3Ke GEGOo8rώ#\1ZY~N6^H}yLxS-!:412V+u\-LSO?xVvZ|GjǮT_8EYJF=Tw^ 7GxfN/S:Ʌ~ʟtt?5n÷J'JcF-GVξx{rO~tJd;#a\7}|~y'>}c2C vR}f׈**h.)_&@pfzjsx:5;S\vKhM5j=!Cn+h"u]a EUN]jn=k<,:Ք>sU!ni~6EJ)¦72?G}[y}_vc$t?iSܟ2Zݞ,VN?_`='RFK1A2qv&X_lLRWY'%:I㢖zb_UEx\>&ɆBˏ~K@ \gYØU4}$8Dv!'Q'*+Εj(UCGo[#< 2Ja(sZi9fZKE Rn`u\9r^Zmɯ׹}mstO4uc~#'jEvۼ Dx[z ޏQ4KL5,5u3>i^uÒ-53ba ~,~/pyt1fMU'CVm:qv~=Y'Es"WsφG?l_kN5}],Ow7 uh`xƫ?zMl7ٻv$A(4Dl(wwH} ?=[=S;yC]^BK>㕪9`Z'Wj;E|:bf>kCԘ#RY,iv쵗~}n'"1u" *uO΄/2^Sxr(!/DD\~mJyZ!MmrA!#u[if|99WB WΡpp}w}sh#,\ &:%˳X?D3 %W0cC?o̲^} F3XLVn]Cߖiϧ!7}yZJ#P7]=)7Ρp;>> Ye^xx{Oafw{ ;>4gfLt ʊ:q%#r/)pv!O4wGh|dS ӣݽހ-gVUC'pBxrB^} 7JA^} /'8!`:r?}}],X  }6y!`/~Br?}Q< >k7vx"] ,' .3jn{-i}|~%-};b6#U)7繎kiEw 㤳:E}[޼c"rꬊ7Dc$~"/Y&zSd:tFȌCrʙ`7u .#[-<)j ?TGS(j~oTup(hjU4PlJ=}|it.ҽ@\wʨuXÞZcx18Wo<~ikOg,ވ\^?EneyZcc0[R١z|zv7_m:_n]a?osS3~j^ hD.a_X'KfBX6w wݶ"Oa:,bvhrWH[uCF-Xfc}>x+Rz)2N-B 7y^٨;[/vg? | |2Sve}=o䑰j[vWjF0{굦?VI~}xM(_TlG__+]:#к?S} c>GŸD7 !w{S{B =x7a?oE#)+Gz:o_4Q<;n?\tt7?mGCџQGu4kņOF>F?#} hP&ђߴM#u!.СtL2^#o nIk_i.~7tr@n 1P~3?.[]=S5b߮~Yo^HFH YBi8a4iom>CKgMy*;?zqEӕ` >zB9iFzC?XF?ޟIܰ펉A}{I5ᄊx%ez#Mp@rߎpi]IOVjzuJt\۰f׺u5><,J~PTJp1)}){9N {!`/> endstream endobj 12 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 13 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 197.0117 675.3895 357.3317 687.2695 ] >> endobj 13 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews) >> endobj 14 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 17 0 R 20 0 R 23 0 R ] /Contents 15 0 R >> endobj 15 0 obj << /Length 8327 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(unions, feminists, and Home Rulers.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 209.012 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(1\))] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 209.012 795.075 m 223.004 795.075 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 223.004 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( For their part, art historians have taken 1910 ? the year of Roger )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Fry?s epochal exhibition )] TJ ET BT 155.672 782.213 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Manet and the Post-Impressionists )] TJ ET BT 325.664 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(? as a moment of definitive rupture between the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Victorian and the ?modern?.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 170.648 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(2\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 170.648 766.563 m 184.640 766.563 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 184.640 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( The essays in )] TJ ET BT 255.296 767.957 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The Edwardian Sense)] TJ ET BT 359.960 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( borrow from and offer correctives to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(these two approaches, showing how the social unrest of the Edwardian era was reflected in and constituted )] TJ ET BT 34.016 739.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(by developments in art, architecture, music, and popular visual culture. Modernism in Britain developed out )] TJ ET BT 34.016 725.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the interplay between aesthetic theory, artistic practice, popular entertainment, and social contestation. In the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 710.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(words of the co-editor Morna O?Neill, ?artistic modernism is not merely a matter of style; rather, as the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 696.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Edwardian art world demonstrates, it is also a product of politics and public debate, as well as exhibitions, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 682.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(publicity, and organizations? \(p. 6\). In its combination of social history and art history, the work brings )] TJ ET BT 34.016 668.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(together 18 different scholarly voices from different disciplinary perspectives, offering analyses of painting, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 653.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(sculpture, the decorative arts, film, international exhibitions, and the mass media.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 627.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Paradoxes abound in Edwardian culture, and the essays quite successfully encapsulate the antinomies that )] TJ ET BT 34.016 613.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(lay behind the ?Edwardian sense?. A series of ostensible binaries were constantly blurred in the period, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 599.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(butting up against each other and animating much of the visual culture of the era: private and public; )] TJ ET BT 34.016 584.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(spectacle and spectator; art and decoration; motion and stasis; country and city; and metropole and colony. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 570.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Lynda Nead?s essay on various forms of mobility and image making in the Edwardian years is the most )] TJ ET BT 34.016 556.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(effective at addressing this issue of the paradoxes of the era, and her definition of the ?Edwardian sense? is )] TJ ET BT 34.016 542.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(perhaps the most succinct. She argues that the term can be used ?to describe a historical character or quality )] TJ ET BT 34.016 527.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(that differentiated itself form nineteenth-century Victorianism but that, at the same time, drew on many )] TJ ET BT 34.016 513.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(elements of that epoch? \(p. 106\). One of the defining features of the era, and the visual forms that emerged at )] TJ ET BT 34.016 499.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the time, was a combination of the breathtakingly new and the reassuringly old.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 415.964 499.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(3\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 415.964 497.955 m 429.956 497.955 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 473.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The collection of essays is subdivided into three thematic sections, although the authors speak to one another )] TJ ET BT 34.016 458.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(across these boundaries. The first cluster of essays ventures beyond the paradigms of traditional art history, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 444.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and into a broader study of visual and commercial culture subsumed under the heading of ?Spectacle?. A trio )] TJ ET BT 34.016 430.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of short essays analyzing Edward VII?s coronation festivities in 1902 provides insight into the role of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 416.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(patriotic display at the start of the new century. The first of these essays, Tom Gunning?s all-too-brief )] TJ ET BT 34.016 401.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(examination of the films commemorating the coronation, is the most interesting of the three, particularly in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 387.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(its acknowledgement of the importance of new media, cinema in particular, in altering how the public could )] TJ ET BT 34.016 373.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(expect to see and experience the lives of the monarchy. The two essays that follow \(unfortunately illustrated )] TJ ET BT 34.016 359.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(by some very poor reproductions from the BFI digital archive\) provide insightful analysis of the coronation )] TJ ET BT 34.016 344.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(procession as an urban event, limited by and determinative of the spaces of London as a ?theatre? of popular )] TJ ET BT 34.016 330.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(entertainments.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 304.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Spectacular urban entertainments were marked by the tension between the demands of mass society and the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 290.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(endurance of traditional ideas of social order. Deborah Sugg Ryan?s study of international exhibitions and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 275.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the outbreak of ?pageantitis? in 1908 illustrates the highly participatory nature of spectacular events and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 261.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(identifies the ?agency and transgressions of the public? \(p. 64\), despite official attempts to dictate how these )] TJ ET BT 34.016 247.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(events should be consumed. Ryan offers insight into some of the peculiarly Edwardian nature of pageantry. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 232.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Although these events often drew upon mythologies of an English past, ?to see pageants as ?a protest against )] TJ ET BT 34.016 218.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(?modernity??? is an oversimplification ... The modernity of Edwardian pageants was not necessarily located )] TJ ET BT 34.016 204.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(in their subject matter but in their spectacular and participatory nature, which was dependent on modern )] TJ ET BT 34.016 190.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(mass society? \(p. 54\). This seemingly paradoxical nature of Edwardian mass culture surfaces in several of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 175.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the essays in this section, most notably David Gilbert?s essay on the 1908 Olympic Games in London. The )] TJ ET BT 34.016 161.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(pull between a mass society and one that still was embedded in social hierarchies was evident in the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 147.461 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(structure of the gargantuan suburban White City stadium in which the events took place. Boldly functional )] TJ ET BT 34.016 133.205 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(in its design, the building was not a utopian vision inspired by modernist principles of social equalization, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 118.949 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(but rather a design ? much like the Edwardian suburbs that had emerged around it ? based on pragmatic )] TJ ET BT 34.016 104.693 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(principles of fitting as many people as possible into the space, each according to their class and station.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 78.437 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The next section of the book, ?Setting?, grapples with the role of the domestic interior in Edwardian social )] TJ ET BT 34.016 64.181 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(life, popular theatre, and artistic practice. Three essays dedicated to William Nicholson?s enigmatic painting )] TJ ET BT 34.016 49.925 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The Conder Room)] TJ ET BT 122.012 49.925 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( seek to explicate that painting?s odd use of reflection, its visual plays on the divide )] TJ ET endstream endobj 16 0 obj [14 0 R /Fit] endobj 17 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 18 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 209.0117 795.3895 223.0037 807.2695 ] >> endobj 18 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 19 0 obj [14 0 R /Fit] endobj 20 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 21 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 170.6477 766.8775 184.6397 778.7575 ] >> endobj 21 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 22 0 obj [14 0 R /Fit] endobj 23 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 24 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 415.9637 498.2695 429.9557 510.1495 ] >> endobj 24 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 25 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Contents 26 0 R >> endobj 26 0 obj << /Length 7640 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(between inside and outside of the bourgeois drawing room, and its attention to the disconcerting elements )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(that lurk beneath the seeming tranquility of Edwardian domesticity. The most insightful of the three essays, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the joint effort of Barbara Penner and Charles Rice, suggests that ?Rather than a portrait of the bourgeois )] TJ ET BT 34.016 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(interior?s triumph, )] TJ ET BT 126.344 753.701 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The Conder Room)] TJ ET BT 214.340 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( testifies to its dissolution? \(p. 132\). This articulation of the troubled )] TJ ET BT 34.016 739.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and troubling Edwardian interior is echoed in Christopher Reed?s extremely cleverly written piece analyzing )] TJ ET BT 34.016 725.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the stylistic peculiarities of Edwardian architecture and dcor. He argues, ?The Edwardian interior, as it )] TJ ET BT 34.016 710.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(appeared in fiction, seemed ? an obligation so onerous that it had to be escaped or ? an ideal so fugitive that )] TJ ET BT 34.016 696.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(it could not be sustained. Individualism, the quality that Edwardians looked to interiors to signify, was an )] TJ ET BT 34.016 682.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(ever-receding ideal, fundamental to middle-class identity under capitalism, yet increasingly impossible to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 668.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(enact in a culture dominated by mass-produced objects and mass-mediated imagery? \(p. 184\). Taken )] TJ ET BT 34.016 653.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(together, these essays manage to encapsulate the centrality, but also the fraught nature, of the home in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 639.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Edwardian life.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 613.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The final group of essays, organized under the heading ?Place?, brings together a hodgepodge of somewhat )] TJ ET BT 34.016 599.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(disparate topics relating to issues of landscape, nation, and the internationalization of cultural production. As )] TJ ET BT 34.016 584.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(with the other sections, this one begins with three essays focused on one particular object, in this case )] TJ ET BT 34.016 570.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(George Frampton?s statue of Peter Pan, erected in Hyde Park in 1912. The statue immediately became a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 556.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(source of contention, sparking debate about the role of public statuary and its role in spaces of recreation. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 542.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The most insightful essay of the three, Martina Droth?s ?Making Sculpture and the Two Worlds of )] TJ ET BT 511.616 542.117 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Peter Pan)] TJ ET BT 34.016 527.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(?, digs beneath the layers of clich and sentimentality of the Peter Pan figure in order to better understand )] TJ ET BT 34.016 513.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Frampton?s innovative sculptural technique, evident most especially in the sculpture?s dramatic pedestal. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 499.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Frampton?s rough, tempestuous form, ?shows a world that is turbulent and potentially oppressive but also )] TJ ET BT 34.016 485.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(shifting and in flux? \(p. 220\). Through such insights, Droth implicitly suggests that the sculpture shares )] TJ ET BT 34.016 470.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(much with the historical moment in which it was created. Frampton?s sculptural experimentation was of a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 456.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(piece with the fundamental tensions of the Edwardian era.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 430.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The remaining essays in the section provide insight into the internationalism of Edwardian culture. Tim )] TJ ET BT 34.016 416.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Barringer?s enjoyable study of the composer Edward Elgar does an excellent job of illustrating the complex )] TJ ET BT 34.016 401.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(mythologies of landscape in the Edwardian imagination. For Elgar, Barringer contends, urban and rural, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 387.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(English and colonial, were not neatly confined areas of aesthetic interest. While the composer certainly drew )] TJ ET BT 34.016 373.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(upon concepts of the English landscape, informed by contemporary developments in painterly art, it is also )] TJ ET BT 34.016 359.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(true that ?Elgar?s art belongs on the margins, in the interstices between city and country, north and south, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 344.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and triangulated between province, metropole, and colony? \(p. 231\). This blurring of national boundaries is )] TJ ET BT 34.016 330.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(taken even further by the final two essays of the book, which take up the issue of the ?cosmopolitanism? of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 316.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(British artistic production in the first decade of the 20th century. Moving beyond the much-discussed Franco-)] TJ ET BT 34.016 302.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(British affiliations of the Edwardian years, Andrew Stephenson reveals the importance of a broad )] TJ ET BT 34.016 287.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(international art market in which the British played a key role. Most significantly, the activities of the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 273.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(International Society of Sculptors, Painters and Gravers \(founded in London in 1898\) helped to ?establish a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 259.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(new cosmopolitan context for understanding contemporary international developments in painting, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 244.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(sculpture, and printmaking? \(p. 272\). Perhaps the most important and enduring internationalist legacy of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 230.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(British art ? the Arts and Crafts movement ? is the point of entry for Morna O?Neill?s concluding essay. She )] TJ ET BT 34.016 216.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(illustrates how by 1900 the Arts and Crafts movement had become an English national style, which meant )] TJ ET BT 34.016 202.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(that it functioned as a vehicle for the playing out of domestic and international politics. O?Neill shows how )] TJ ET BT 34.016 187.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the social politics of the Edwardian years mapped onto, and were forged by, divisions within the movement. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 173.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Ending with an analysis of the murals produced for the Houses of Parliament by Henry A. Payne, a product )] TJ ET BT 34.016 159.461 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of a particular strain of Arts and Crafts aesthetics, her essay is the most insistent upon uniting the political )] TJ ET BT 34.016 145.205 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and artistic transformations of the Edwardian years.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 118.949 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The Edwardian Sense)] TJ ET BT 138.680 118.949 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( makes an important contribution to a relatively misunderstood period of art and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 104.693 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(cultural history. It was not entirely clear to me, at the outset, why it was necessary to push for a defense of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 90.437 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(periodization, especially for a period that is so small and relatively arbitrary in its boundaries \(even the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 76.181 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(authors do not cease their analyses in 1910\). This collection of essays, however, does make a good case for )] TJ ET BT 34.016 61.925 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the specificity of the Edwardian as a distinct and historically valuable period of study. Subsuming the )] TJ ET endstream endobj 27 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 29 0 R 31 0 R ] /Contents 28 0 R >> endobj 28 0 obj << /Length 8086 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Edwardian period into the Victorian ? as is often done for pragmatic reasons ? seems to enact a historical )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(injustice on a period that is a fulcrum for historical and aesthetic transformations in Britain. The essays in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(this text succeed at encapsulating the contradictions, uncertainties, and innovations that animated visual )] TJ ET BT 34.016 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(practices in the decade after the death of Victoria. Each section of the text provides a distinct view into how )] TJ ET BT 34.016 739.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Edwardians manufactured, contemplated, and attempted to remedy the problems and anxieties of a period in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 725.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(transition. The powerful role of visual culture in effecting historical and cultural change ? from the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 710.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(proliferation of cinema and the photographic press, to experimentation in decorative arts, painting, sculpture )] TJ ET BT 34.016 696.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and theater ? is clearly without doubt. The essays paint a picture, as it were, of a period where questions of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 682.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(visual form, design, and spectacular display were at the center of momentous historical debate and change.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 656.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Though I appreciated the verve with which these many essays were marshaled toward a common cause ? a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 641.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(feat that is never easy to pull off ? the structure of the text was not an unqualified success. The necessary )] TJ ET BT 34.016 627.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(repetition involved in the choice to include three essays on a single subject led to a level of redundancy ? )] TJ ET BT 34.016 613.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(especially in the case of )] TJ ET BT 151.652 613.397 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The Conder Room)] TJ ET BT 239.648 613.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( ? that might have been remedied by a more diverse approach to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 599.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the subject. Offering close readings of an object ? especially one as enigmatic and visually complex as )] TJ ET BT 34.016 584.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Nicholson?s painting ? seems a very worthy exercise, but not, I would think, if those separate essays come to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 570.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(basically the same conclusion. One might have expected a bit more diversity in the kinds of subjects on )] TJ ET BT 34.016 556.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(offer. Conversely, the third section of the text ? ?Place? ? seemed an artificial grouping, with subjects a bit )] TJ ET BT 34.016 542.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(too disparate to be forced together under a shared subheading. This left me a bit confused as to the motive )] TJ ET BT 34.016 527.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and intellectual benefit of linking essays on Frampton?s )] TJ ET BT 305.324 527.861 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Peter Pan)] TJ ET BT 353.648 527.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( and the role of British artists in the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 513.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Austrian Secession. The essays, taken on their own, are each rather engaging, but the intellectual project of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 499.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the challenge to Edwardian ideas of ?place? was rather muddled.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 473.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(To the book?s detriment, much of what is being revised in this revisionist history is never effectively )] TJ ET BT 34.016 458.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(addressed. It may have helped bolster the fundamental claims of the authors if some attention was paid to the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 444.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(subjects that have apparently dominated the traditional art historical narrative of the era. Though the subject )] TJ ET BT 34.016 430.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(is analyzed briefly and summarily dismissed in the introduction to the book, how, exactly, do these essays )] TJ ET BT 34.016 416.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(make us rethink Fry?s blustery advocacy of French modernism? What of the aesthetic innovations of the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 401.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Camden Town Group, or of the orthodoxy of the Royal Academy? Though the attempt to transcend the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 387.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(canonical concerns of traditional art history is undoubtedly commendable, it was also essential for these )] TJ ET BT 34.016 373.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(essays to help us rethink why an alternative narrative of the period has, and may continue to, dominate the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 359.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(scholarship of the period.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 332.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The authors should be commended for their conscientious attempts to unite close formal analysis of objects )] TJ ET BT 34.016 318.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(with a considered engagement with social politics. Informed by a model of social art history, these essays )] TJ ET BT 34.016 304.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(indicate the enduring importance of art historical scholarship that recognizes art?s role in the broader social )] TJ ET BT 34.016 290.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(sphere, not only within a framework of aesthetic theory and narrow questions of medium or solipsistic )] TJ ET BT 34.016 275.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(meditations on the individual experience of art. The authors have sought, and found, a productive middle )] TJ ET BT 34.016 261.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(ground between the identity politics that animated much social art history in the late 1980s and 1990s and a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 247.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(purely formalist art history that threatens to become fashionable again. The authors manage to tell a story )] TJ ET BT 34.016 232.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(that is at once a close analysis of visual form and style, as well as a deeply contextual look into a dynamic )] TJ ET BT 34.016 218.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and influential period in the history of Britain and the world. My hope would be that this book inspires )] TJ ET BT 34.016 204.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(similar investigations into the interaction of British art, mass visual culture, and social history.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 169.587 Td /F3 18.0 Tf [(Notes)] TJ ET BT 48.816 138.970 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(1.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 138.965 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The most influential of these works is George Dangerfield, )] TJ ET BT 349.964 138.965 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The Strange Death of Liberal England)] TJ ET BT 64.016 124.709 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(1935; repr., New York, 1980\). See also David Powell, )] TJ ET BT 331.304 124.709 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(British Politics, 1910?1935: The Crisis of the )] TJ ET BT 64.016 110.453 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Party System)] TJ ET BT 127.004 110.453 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(London, 2004\).)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 208.328 110.453 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(1\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 208.328 109.059 m 262.316 109.059 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 48.816 96.202 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(2.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 96.197 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(See in particular, Anna Gruetzner Robins, )] TJ ET BT 268.640 96.197 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Modern Art in Britain, 1910?1914)] TJ ET BT 434.312 96.197 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(London, 1997\); )] TJ ET BT 518.972 96.197 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Art )] TJ ET BT 64.016 81.941 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Made Modern: Roger Fry?s Vision of Art, )] TJ ET BT 269.996 81.941 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(ed.)] TJ ET BT 287.324 81.941 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Christopher Green \(London, 1999\).)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 457.628 81.941 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(2\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 457.628 80.547 m 511.616 80.547 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 48.816 67.690 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(3.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 67.685 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(This fundamental paradox ? the clashing of the archaic and the modern ? is a fundamental feature of )] TJ ET BT 64.016 53.429 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(British cultural history. See in particular )] TJ ET BT 260.336 53.429 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Meanings of Modernity: Britain from the Late-Victorian Era )] TJ ET BT 64.016 39.173 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(to World War II)] TJ ET endstream endobj 29 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 30 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 208.3277 109.3735 262.3157 121.2535 ] >> endobj 30 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /GoTo /D 16 0 R >> endobj 31 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 32 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 457.6277 80.8615 511.6157 92.7415 ] >> endobj 32 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /GoTo /D 19 0 R >> endobj 33 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 35 0 R 37 0 R 39 0 R 41 0 R ] /Contents 34 0 R >> endobj 34 0 obj << /Length 1875 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 64.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, ed. Martin Daunton and Bernhard Rieger \(London, 2001\).)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 348.632 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(3\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 348.632 795.075 m 402.620 795.075 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 770.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The authors will respond in due course.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 743.957 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Other reviews:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 729.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Times Literary Supplement)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 34.016 715.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://entertainment.timesonline.co.uk/tol/arts_and_entertainment/the_tls/article7169598.ece)] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.016 714.051 m 478.652 714.051 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 481.652 715.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([2])] TJ ET BT 34.016 701.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Open Letters Monthly)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 34.016 686.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.openlettersmonthly.com/the-thin-clear-happy-call/)] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.016 685.539 m 333.980 685.539 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 336.980 686.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([3])] TJ ET 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.391 682.207 526.499 1.500 re S BT 34.016 664.427 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Source URL:)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 104.672 664.427 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/review/1121)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 104.672 663.033 m 328.316 663.033 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 638.056 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Links:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 623.656 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([1] http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/item/7761)] TJ ET BT 34.016 609.256 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([2] http://entertainment.timesonline.co.uk/tol/arts_and_entertainment/the_tls/article7169598.ece)] TJ ET BT 34.016 594.856 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([3] http://www.openlettersmonthly.com/the-thin-clear-happy-call/)] TJ ET endstream endobj 35 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 36 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 348.6317 795.3895 402.6197 807.2695 ] >> endobj 36 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /GoTo /D 22 0 R >> endobj 37 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 38 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 34.0157 714.3655 478.6517 726.2455 ] >> endobj 38 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://entertainment.timesonline.co.uk/tol/arts_and_entertainment/the_tls/article7169598.ece) >> endobj 39 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 40 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 34.0157 685.8535 333.9797 697.7335 ] >> endobj 40 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.openlettersmonthly.com/the-thin-clear-happy-call/) >> endobj 41 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 42 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 104.6717 663.3475 328.3157 675.2275 ] >> endobj 42 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/review/1121) >> endobj xref 0 43 0000000000 65535 f 0000000008 00000 n 0000000073 00000 n 0000000119 00000 n 0000000349 00000 n 0000000386 00000 n 0000000581 00000 n 0000000663 00000 n 0000004792 00000 n 0000004901 00000 n 0000005011 00000 n 0000005120 00000 n 0000008681 00000 n 0000008809 00000 n 0000008893 00000 n 0000008991 00000 n 0000017371 00000 n 0000017401 00000 n 0000017529 00000 n 0000017565 00000 n 0000017595 00000 n 0000017723 00000 n 0000017759 00000 n 0000017789 00000 n 0000017917 00000 n 0000017953 00000 n 0000018018 00000 n 0000025711 00000 n 0000025802 00000 n 0000033941 00000 n 0000034069 00000 n 0000034124 00000 n 0000034250 00000 n 0000034305 00000 n 0000034410 00000 n 0000036338 00000 n 0000036466 00000 n 0000036521 00000 n 0000036648 00000 n 0000036792 00000 n 0000036919 00000 n 0000037031 00000 n 0000037159 00000 n trailer << /Size 43 /Root 1 0 R /Info 5 0 R >> startxref 37255 %%EOF