%PDF-1.3 1 0 obj << /Type /Catalog /Outlines 2 0 R /Pages 3 0 R >> endobj 2 0 obj << /Type /Outlines /Count 0 >> endobj 3 0 obj << /Type /Pages /Kids [6 0 R 17 0 R 31 0 R 39 0 R 79 0 R ] /Count 5 /Resources << /ProcSet 4 0 R /Font << /F1 8 0 R /F2 9 0 R /F3 10 0 R >> /XObject << /I1 11 0 R >> >> /MediaBox [0.000 0.000 595.280 841.890] >> endobj 4 0 obj [/PDF /Text /ImageC ] endobj 5 0 obj << /Creator (DOMPDF) /CreationDate (D:20141023030247+01'00') /ModDate (D:20141023030247+01'00') /Title (Bismarck: A Life) >> endobj 6 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 12 0 R 15 0 R ] /Contents 7 0 R >> endobj 7 0 obj << /Length 4480 >> stream q 381.750 0 0 120.000 34.016 687.874 cm /I1 Do Q 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Published on )] TJ ET BT 99.356 676.469 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Reviews in History)] TJ ET BT 190.016 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \()] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 197.012 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 197.012 675.075 m 357.332 675.075 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 357.332 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\))] TJ ET 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.391 653.743 526.499 1.500 re S BT 34.016 615.321 Td /F3 18.0 Tf [(Bismarck: A Life)] TJ ET BT 34.016 287.579 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The historian G. P. Gooch, writing in 1948, observed that the ?last word on the Iron Chancellor will never be )] TJ ET BT 34.016 273.323 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(spoken, not merely because historians will always wear spectacles of different tints, but because with the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 259.067 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(passing years it becomes ever more difficult to disentangle the consequences of his actions from the impact )] TJ ET BT 34.016 244.811 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of his successors and the swirling tide of events?.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 270.980 244.811 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(1\))] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 270.980 243.417 m 284.972 243.417 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 284.972 244.811 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( Jonathan Steinberg has no doubt, however, that the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 230.555 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(consequences of his actions were fateful indeed: ?When Bismarck left office, the servility of the German )] TJ ET BT 34.016 216.299 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(people had been cemented, an obedience from which they never recovered? \(p. 467\). A few pages later he )] TJ ET BT 34.016 202.043 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(adds: ?Bismarck?s legacy passed through Hindenburg to the last genius-statesman that Germany produced, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 187.787 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Adolf Hitler, and the legacy was thus linear and direct between Bismarck and Hitler? \(p. 478\). For all their )] TJ ET BT 34.016 173.531 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(refreshing directness, these bold statements are perhaps the least convincing part of Steinberg?s weighty new )] TJ ET BT 34.016 159.275 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(biography of the )] TJ ET BT 116.336 159.275 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Reichsgrnder)] TJ ET BT 186.992 159.275 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(. Few who have studied the increasingly pluralistic and sophisticated )] TJ ET BT 34.016 145.019 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(political culture which developed in Germany in the decades after Bismarck?s fall will feel entirely )] TJ ET BT 34.016 130.763 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(comfortable with such assertions; a concession, maybe, to the large non-specialist readership that OUP )] TJ ET BT 34.016 116.507 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(expects the book to attract. For the most part, however, Steinberg?s volume succeeds in providing both an )] TJ ET BT 34.016 102.251 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(accessible narrative of Bismarck?s life and a knowledgeable survey of the context in which he worked.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 75.995 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(It should be made clear at the outset that this is not a biography based on newly discovered sources or a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 61.739 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(radically different interpretation of existing information. Its great strength lies in the way it deftly )] TJ ET BT 34.016 584.699 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Review Number:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 570.443 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(1123)] TJ ET BT 34.016 556.187 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publish date:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 541.931 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Thursday, 1 September, 2011)] TJ ET BT 34.016 527.675 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Author:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 513.419 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Jonathan Steinberg)] TJ ET BT 34.016 499.163 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(ISBN:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 484.907 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(9780199599011)] TJ ET BT 34.016 470.651 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Date of Publication:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 456.395 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(2011)] TJ ET BT 34.016 442.139 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Price:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 427.883 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(25.00)] TJ ET BT 34.016 413.627 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Pages:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 399.371 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(592pp.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 385.115 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publisher:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 370.859 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Oxford University Press)] TJ ET BT 34.016 356.603 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Place of Publication:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 342.347 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Oxford)] TJ ET BT 34.016 328.091 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Reviewer:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 313.835 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Matthew Jefferies)] TJ ET endstream endobj 8 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F1 /BaseFont /Times-Roman /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 9 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F2 /BaseFont /Times-Italic /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 10 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F3 /BaseFont /Times-Bold /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 11 0 obj << /Type /XObject /Subtype /Image /Width 509 /Height 160 /Filter /FlateDecode /DecodeParms << /Predictor 15 /Colors 3 /Columns 509 /BitsPerComponent 8>> /Mask [ 255 255 255 255 255 255 ] /ColorSpace /DeviceRGB /BitsPerComponent 8 /Length 3280>> stream x[EQ㎦fVttҒ +3O{?lGDQԯDrB^.ϯ%~'0۠/2>0AG_>0j0GCfE67>rB^}@  !&y+r?INp:erc b8f=rQC!~-Wf^^zF[)G 2ޯe7V_Go3Ke GEGOo8rώ#\1ZY~N6^H}yLxS-!:412V+u\-LSO?xVvZ|GjǮT_8EYJF=Tw^ 7GxfN/S:Ʌ~ʟtt?5n÷J'JcF-GVξx{rO~tJd;#a\7}|~y'>}c2C vR}f׈**h.)_&@pfzjsx:5;S\vKhM5j=!Cn+h"u]a EUN]jn=k<,:Ք>sU!ni~6EJ)¦72?G}[y}_vc$t?iSܟ2Zݞ,VN?_`='RFK1A2qv&X_lLRWY'%:I㢖zb_UEx\>&ɆBˏ~K@ \gYØU4}$8Dv!'Q'*+Εj(UCGo[#< 2Ja(sZi9fZKE Rn`u\9r^Zmɯ׹}mstO4uc~#'jEvۼ Dx[z ޏQ4KL5,5u3>i^uÒ-53ba ~,~/pyt1fMU'CVm:qv~=Y'Es"WsφG?l_kN5}],Ow7 uh`xƫ?zMl7ٻv$A(4Dl(wwH} ?=[=S;yC]^BK>㕪9`Z'Wj;E|:bf>kCԘ#RY,iv쵗~}n'"1u" *uO΄/2^Sxr(!/DD\~mJyZ!MmrA!#u[if|99WB WΡpp}w}sh#,\ &:%˳X?D3 %W0cC?o̲^} F3XLVn]Cߖiϧ!7}yZJ#P7]=)7Ρp;>> Ye^xx{Oafw{ ;>4gfLt ʊ:q%#r/)pv!O4wGh|dS ӣݽހ-gVUC'pBxrB^} 7JA^} /'8!`:r?}}],X  }6y!`/~Br?}Q< >k7vx"] ,' .3jn{-i}|~%-};b6#U)7繎kiEw 㤳:E}[޼c"rꬊ7Dc$~"/Y&zSd:tFȌCrʙ`7u .#[-<)j ?TGS(j~oTup(hjU4PlJ=}|it.ҽ@\wʨuXÞZcx18Wo<~ikOg,ވ\^?EneyZcc0[R١z|zv7_m:_n]a?osS3~j^ hD.a_X'KfBX6w wݶ"Oa:,bvhrWH[uCF-Xfc}>x+Rz)2N-B 7y^٨;[/vg? | |2Sve}=o䑰j[vWjF0{굦?VI~}xM(_TlG__+]:#к?S} c>GŸD7 !w{S{B =x7a?oE#)+Gz:o_4Q<;n?\tt7?mGCџQGu4kņOF>F?#} hP&ђߴM#u!.СtL2^#o nIk_i.~7tr@n 1P~3?.[]=S5b߮~Yo^HFH YBi8a4iom>CKgMy*;?zqEӕ` >zB9iFzC?XF?ޟIܰ펉A}{I5ᄊx%ez#Mp@rߎpi]IOVjzuJt\۰f׺u5><,J~PTJp1)}){9N {!`/> endstream endobj 12 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 13 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 197.0117 675.3895 357.3317 687.2695 ] >> endobj 13 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews) >> endobj 14 0 obj [6 0 R /Fit] endobj 15 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 16 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 270.9797 243.7315 284.9717 255.6115 ] >> endobj 16 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 17 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 20 0 R 23 0 R 26 0 R 29 0 R ] /Contents 18 0 R >> endobj 18 0 obj << /Length 6884 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(synthesises an extensive body of scholarship ? in German as well as English ? and in the sparkling quality of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(its prose. The latter is no doubt one reason why the book was shortlisted for the prestigious Samuel Johnson )] TJ ET BT 34.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Prize for non-fiction, and why it has garnered a host of positive reviews on both sides of the Atlantic. It is )] TJ ET BT 34.016 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(arguably the most readable biography of Bismarck since A. J. P. Taylor?s )] TJ ET BT 390.956 753.701 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The Man and the Statesman)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 527.948 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(2\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 527.948 752.307 m 541.940 752.307 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 541.940 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 739.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and Taylor himself would have been proud of some of Steinberg?s colourful turns of phrase: Bismarck )] TJ ET BT 34.016 725.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(?regarded the palaces as dangerous places, full of germs, draughts and bossy women? \(p. 138\); he ?retained )] TJ ET BT 34.016 710.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(to the end the tight-fisted pettiness of the impoverished country squire? \(p. 264\); and he ?brandished )] TJ ET BT 34.016 696.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(democracy at the Habsburgs like a cross in front of a vampire? \(p. 241\). There are also echoes of Taylor in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 682.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the playfully punning title of Steinberg?s final chapter: ?Blood and irony?. Indeed, the numerous ironies )] TJ ET BT 34.016 668.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(which surround ?one of the most interesting, gifted, and contradictory human beings who ever lived? \(p. 12\) )] TJ ET BT 34.016 653.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(provide Steinberg with his main angle: the draft-dodging civilian always in uniform; the ?hysterical )] TJ ET BT 34.016 639.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(hypochondriac as the symbol of iron consistency?; the anti-Semite and anti-Catholic dismissed for )] TJ ET BT 34.016 625.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(consorting ?with Jesuits and Jews?; the ?most supple political practitioner of the nineteenth century? whose )] TJ ET BT 34.016 611.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(skill ?had no purpose other than to prop up antiquated royal semi-absolutism ? and to satisfy himself? \(p. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 596.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(479\). However the ?ultimate and terrible irony of Bismarck?s career?, Steinberg concludes, ?lay in his )] TJ ET BT 34.016 582.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(powerlessness. Contemporaries called him a ?dictator? or a ?despot? but he knew better? \(p. 480\).)] TJ ET BT 34.016 556.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(These are not novel insights, to be sure, but Steinberg recounts them with style and verve. In particular, his )] TJ ET BT 34.016 542.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(exploration of the ?psychic triangle? at the heart of Bismarck?s character is more convincing than one might )] TJ ET BT 34.016 527.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(expect. While other biographers, most notably Otto Pflanze )] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 322.640 527.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(3\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 322.640 526.467 m 336.632 526.467 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 336.632 527.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, have speculated on the psychological effects )] TJ ET BT 34.016 513.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of his parental upbringing ? ?One need not be a Freudian to see how the hatred that Bismarck felt for his )] TJ ET BT 34.016 499.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(cold, intelligent, and unloving mother became an obsession? \(p. 469\) ? Steinberg goes further, seeing a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 485.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(recurring pattern in his later relationship with Wilhelm I and the Empress Augusta:)] TJ ET BT 64.016 446.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(He had to re-enact day after day, year after year, the agony of his childhood, the little boy at the )] TJ ET BT 64.016 432.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(point of an upside-down triangle and the mercy of the struggle between the threatening woman )] TJ ET BT 64.016 418.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([Augusta] and weak man [Wilhelm]. His rage, his sweats, his sleeplessness arose frequently )] TJ ET BT 64.016 404.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(from this impotence \(p. 469\).)] TJ ET BT 34.016 365.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(In fact Steinberg sees not one ?psychic triangle? but two, with Bismarck also locked in a struggle with )] TJ ET BT 34.016 351.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Crown Prince Friedrich for the King/Kaiser?s favour: a ?kind of love triangle of two sons for the approval of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 337.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the father?. Sensing that this may be taking psychohistory a little too far, Steinberg addresses the reader )] TJ ET BT 34.016 323.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(directly: ?My explanation of how it worked may not convince the reader; that some mysterious personal )] TJ ET BT 34.016 308.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(power worked on the King cannot be denied? \(p. 197\).)] TJ ET BT 34.016 282.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(There are many, of course, who remain deeply sceptical of the biographical approach to history )] TJ ET BT 494.900 282.533 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(per se)] TJ ET BT 523.892 282.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(. As )] TJ ET BT 34.016 268.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(early as 1967, Helmut Bhme wrote that the founding of the German Empire ?can no longer be written as )] TJ ET BT 34.016 254.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(part of Otto von Bismarck?s biography? )] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 229.988 254.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(4\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 229.988 252.627 m 243.980 252.627 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 243.980 254.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, while another leading historian of Germany, Richard J. Evans, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 239.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(claimed in 1983 that ?the biographical approach in its present form has reached the limits of its usefulness?.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 34.016 225.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(5\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.016 224.115 m 48.008 224.115 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 48.008 225.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( Steinberg, however, has no doubts:)] TJ ET BT 64.016 187.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(This book is ? a life of Otto von Bismarck because the power he exercised came from him as a )] TJ ET BT 64.016 172.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(person, not from institutions, mass society or ?forces and factors? ? Only biography can even )] TJ ET BT 64.016 158.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(attempt to catch the nature of that power \(p. 4\).)] TJ ET BT 34.016 120.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(As a result it draws heavily on Bismarck?s own voluminous writings ? which Steinberg rates highly for their )] TJ ET BT 34.016 106.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(literary merit ? as well as those with whom he came in contact:)] TJ ET BT 64.016 67.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The method is to let those on whom the power was exercised, friend and foe, German and )] TJ ET endstream endobj 19 0 obj [17 0 R /Fit] endobj 20 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 21 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 527.9477 752.6215 541.9397 764.5015 ] >> endobj 21 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 22 0 obj [17 0 R /Fit] endobj 23 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 24 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 322.6397 526.7815 336.6317 538.6615 ] >> endobj 24 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 25 0 obj [17 0 R /Fit] endobj 26 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 27 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 229.9877 252.9415 243.9797 264.8215 ] >> endobj 27 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 28 0 obj [17 0 R /Fit] endobj 29 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 30 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 34.0157 224.4295 48.0077 236.3095 ] >> endobj 30 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 31 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 34 0 R 37 0 R ] /Contents 32 0 R >> endobj 32 0 obj << /Length 7994 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 64.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(foreign, young and old, anybody who experienced the power of Bismarck?s personality close up )] TJ ET BT 64.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and recorded the impact, tell the story \(p. 9\).)] TJ ET BT 34.016 743.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(In this, at least, the book resembles John Rhl?s biography of Bismarck?s nemesis, Wilhelm II )] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 491.972 743.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(6\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 491.972 742.563 m 505.964 742.563 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 505.964 743.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, with )] TJ ET BT 34.016 729.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(numerous extended quotes, sometimes running to half a page or more. Some of these come from the usual )] TJ ET BT 34.016 715.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(suspects ? Theodor Fontane, Baroness von Spitzemberg ? but others, from Bismarck?s American student )] TJ ET BT 34.016 701.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(friend John Motley or the diplomat Odo Russell for instance, offer fresher insights too.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 674.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(In terms of structure, the book traces its subject?s life in a conventional narrative arc. Following a short )] TJ ET BT 34.016 660.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(introductory chapter, chapter two looks at what it meant to be ?born Prussian?. It argues, in the vein of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 646.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Bismarck?s East German biographer Ernst Engelberg )] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 293.960 646.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(7\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 293.960 645.027 m 307.952 645.027 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 307.952 646.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, that the Iron Chancellor was an )] TJ ET BT 467.252 646.421 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Urpreusse)] TJ ET BT 517.244 646.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 632.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Prussian to the core, but makes the important observation that the ?Prussian legacy defined but never )] TJ ET BT 34.016 617.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(contained [his] aspirations? \(p. 27\). A long third chapter covers all of Otto?s early life up to his entry onto )] TJ ET BT 34.016 603.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the political stage in 1847, while chapter four examines the pivotal period of revolution and reaction when )] TJ ET BT 34.016 589.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Bismarck first made his name: ?He had no experience, no credentials, and no obvious credentials, but he was )] TJ ET BT 34.016 575.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Bismarck? \(p. 70\). It was at this point that the two essential elements in his career came together: ?the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 560.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(certainty that he could master political bodies and the favour of the King? \(p. 84\). As Steinberg rightly )] TJ ET BT 34.016 546.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(observes, these two constants remained in place from September 1847 to March 1890; as soon as he lost the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 532.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(latter, his fate was sealed. Chapter five, which looks at Bismarck?s unexpectedly successful career as a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 518.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(diplomat between 1851 and 1862, finds Steinberg on characteristic form, observing that the German )] TJ ET BT 34.016 503.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Confederation?s Final Act of 1820 has ?the charm and clarity of the Lisbon Treaty of the European Union of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 489.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(2007?, although in the Confederation ?nobody pretended that it represented the ?people?? \(p. 112\). He is )] TJ ET BT 34.016 475.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(similarly excoriating about Bismarck?s character faults: his habitual lying and bullying; his gigantic ego and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 461.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(petty vindictiveness; his ?use and discard? approach to friendship; his monstrous gluttony, hypochondria and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 446.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(incessant self-pity. No one could accuse this biographer of identifying too closely with his subject. Indeed, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 432.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(one minor episode in 1872 sends Steinberg close to apoplexy: ?The sheer effrontery of this farrago of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 418.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(evasion of responsibility and irrelevance really shocked me the first time I read it?, he admits \(p. 339\).)] TJ ET BT 34.016 392.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The dark and malevolent aspects of Bismarck?s character are further emphasised by the overwhelmingly )] TJ ET BT 34.016 377.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(sympathetic character sketches provided of his long-suffering friends and enemies. Thus Wilhelm I is )] TJ ET BT 34.016 363.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(described as ?a kind, decent, honourable, and unpretentious man? \(p. 432\); the Empress Augusta a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 349.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(?remarkable lady [and] a willing listener? \(p. 266\); General von Moltke ?that rare human being, a universal )] TJ ET BT 34.016 335.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(man? \(p. 137\); the early socialist Ferdinand Lassalle is ?charismatic and flamboyant? \(p. 199\); the liberal )] TJ ET BT 34.016 320.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Eduard Lasker is ?courageous [and] incorruptible? \(p. 477\); even the reactionary General von Roon ?had an )] TJ ET BT 34.016 306.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(inner integrity and decency which high office, fame, and success never spoiled or corrupted \(p. 379\). The )] TJ ET BT 34.016 292.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(author saves his most fulsome praise, however, for Centre Party leader Ludwig Windthorst, Bismarck?s )] TJ ET BT 34.016 278.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(antipode in every almost every respect. ?Central casting could not have found a person more different from )] TJ ET BT 34.016 263.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Bismarck?, Steinberg observes, before cueing up the theme music from )] TJ ET BT 379.952 263.765 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Rocky)] TJ ET BT 409.268 263.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(: ?the main bout was that )] TJ ET BT 34.016 249.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(between the 250-pound giant Bismarck, sweating and swaying, and tiny, blind Windthorst with his green )] TJ ET BT 34.016 235.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(glass spectacles? \(p. 322\). Few would dispute Steinberg?s assertion that the ?consistency, integrity, and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 220.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(sheer courage with which Windhorst fought Bismarck?s authoritarianism ? deserve to be better known and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 206.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(honoured in the Federal Republic of Germany? \(p. 375\), but to reduce the fundamental political issues of the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 192.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(day ? the )] TJ ET BT 80.336 192.485 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Kulturkampf)] TJ ET BT 141.008 192.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, the social question, the women?s question ? to little more than a series of personality )] TJ ET BT 34.016 178.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(clashes, does begin to grate after a while. It is as if the author has set out to prove, once and for all, Ralph )] TJ ET BT 34.016 163.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Waldo Emerson?s famous dictum ?there is properly no history, only biography?.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 137.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(To be fair, Steinberg guides the reader through the diplomatic and military history of the ?Wars of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 123.461 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Unification? with aplomb \(chapters seven and eight\). The domestic politics of the German Empire are )] TJ ET BT 34.016 109.205 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(covered in less detail, but Bismarck?s paranoia and frustration are amply documented: ?Nobody understood )] TJ ET BT 34.016 94.949 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(him, nobody carried out his wishes properly, and nobody could be trusted? \(p. 312\). Bismarck?s battles with )] TJ ET BT 34.016 80.693 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(those he labelled ?enemies of the Empire? are covered in chapters nine and ten. He may have remained )] TJ ET BT 34.016 66.437 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Imperial Chancellor for 19 years, but as the title of chapter nine makes clear, ?The decline begins? as early )] TJ ET BT 34.016 52.181 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(as 1871. Arguably the most original aspect of the book is its focus on Bismarck?s complex relationship with )] TJ ET endstream endobj 33 0 obj [31 0 R /Fit] endobj 34 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 35 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 491.9717 742.8775 505.9637 754.7575 ] >> endobj 35 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 36 0 obj [31 0 R /Fit] endobj 37 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 38 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 293.9597 645.3415 307.9517 657.2215 ] >> endobj 38 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 39 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 42 0 R 45 0 R 47 0 R 49 0 R 51 0 R 53 0 R 55 0 R 57 0 R 59 0 R 61 0 R 63 0 R 65 0 R 67 0 R 69 0 R 71 0 R 73 0 R 75 0 R 77 0 R ] /Contents 40 0 R >> endobj 40 0 obj << /Length 9770 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(German Jewry. This takes centre stage in chapter ten, which takes its title from a nickname given to the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Reichstag in the early 1880s: ?The guest house of the dead Jew?. Although Bismarck got on well with )] TJ ET BT 34.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Disraeli and thought highly of individual Jews such as Lassalle, Eduard Simon and Ludwig Bamberger, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Steinberg argues that he shared ?the visceral hatred of Jews? typical of the Prussian Junker class. He also )] TJ ET BT 34.016 739.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(welcomed the rise of popular anti-Semitism which accompanied the end of the liberal era in the late 1870s. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 725.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(This may have been for tactical rather than ideological reasons ? anything which undermined the ?dumb Jew )] TJ ET BT 34.016 710.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(boy? Lasker and the Progressives was grist to his mill ? but Steinberg believes Bismarck nevertheless shares )] TJ ET BT 34.016 696.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(some of the blame for later tragedies in German history: ?The legacy was so pervasive at the time and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 682.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(afterwards that one has not got to look hard to find its traces? \(p. 398\).)] TJ ET BT 34.016 656.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Other aspects of Bismarck?s long period in office are inevitably dealt with in less depth. Germany?s short-)] TJ ET BT 34.016 641.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(lived colonial era, for instance, which was ushered in by Bismarck in 1884 and which has attracted )] TJ ET BT 34.016 627.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(considerable historiographical attention in recent years, is dismissed in a single perfunctory paragraph, while )] TJ ET BT 34.016 613.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(his social welfare legislation merits less than a page. Indeed, the 1880s pass by at a veritable gallop, and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 599.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(before long it is ?Three Kaisers and Bismarck?s Fall from Power?, the last substantive chapter. As Steinberg )] TJ ET BT 34.016 584.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(rightly observes, the ?unanimity from left to right in the press? which welcomed the Iron Chancellor?s )] TJ ET BT 34.016 570.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(departure, ?gives an indication of how much his political status had eroded and how little he understood )] TJ ET BT 34.016 556.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(that? \(p. 448\). Rather than dwell on the intrigues of Bismarck?s swansong years ? for which Manfred )] TJ ET BT 34.016 542.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Hank?s 1977 book remains the standard work )] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 256.976 542.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(8\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 256.976 540.723 m 270.968 540.723 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 270.968 542.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( ? Steinberg uses the final pages of the book to assess his )] TJ ET BT 34.016 527.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(legacy. He also considers the ?demonic? aspects of his subject?s character, which were commented on by )] TJ ET BT 34.016 513.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(many contemporaries and which gave Johannes Willms the title of his 1997 study, ?The Daemon of the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 499.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Germans?.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 85.664 499.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(9\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 85.664 497.955 m 99.656 497.955 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 99.656 499.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( It may well be that ?Bismarck?s power ? and his ability to hold on to it ? had something )] TJ ET BT 34.016 485.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(inhuman to it? \(p. 465\) but historians who emphasise his ?unearthly? powers clearly run the risk of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 470.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(constructing a negative mirror image of the nationalist ?Bismarck myth?. For the most part Steinberg avoids )] TJ ET BT 34.016 456.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(this trap, although the frequent references to his ?genius? and ?greatness? are perhaps misplaced. To be sure, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 442.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Bismarck was ?an irresistible political figure and a disastrous one? \(p. 480\), but ? as Steinberg?s own )] TJ ET BT 34.016 428.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(account makes clear ? he was also a very lucky one.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 393.171 Td /F3 18.0 Tf [(Notes)] TJ ET BT 48.816 362.554 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(1.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 362.549 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(G. P. Gooch, )] TJ ET BT 129.344 362.549 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Studies in German History)] TJ ET BT 257.672 362.549 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(London and New York, 1948\), p. 339.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 448.640 362.549 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(1\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 448.640 361.155 m 502.628 361.155 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 48.816 348.298 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(2.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 348.293 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(A. J. P. Taylor, )] TJ ET BT 140.012 348.293 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Bismarck. The Man and the Statesman)] TJ ET BT 325.328 348.293 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(Harmondsworth, 1995, first published 1955\).)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 64.016 334.037 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(2\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 64.016 332.643 m 118.004 332.643 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 48.816 319.786 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(3.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 319.781 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(O. Pflanze, )] TJ ET BT 120.668 319.781 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Bismarck and the Development of Germany, vol. 1, The Period of Unification 1815?71)] TJ ET BT 64.016 305.525 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(Princeton, NJ, 1990\).)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 170.336 305.525 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(3\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 170.336 304.131 m 224.324 304.131 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 48.816 291.274 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(4.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 291.269 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Die Reichsgrndung)] TJ ET BT 163.004 291.269 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, ed. H. Bhme \(Munich, 1967\), p. 8.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 340.988 291.269 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(4\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 340.988 289.875 m 394.976 289.875 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 48.816 277.018 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(5.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 277.013 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(R. J. Evans, ?From Hitler to Bismarck?, in )] TJ ET BT 271.340 277.013 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Rethinking German History)] TJ ET BT 404.660 277.013 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(London, 1987\), p. 89.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 515.984 277.013 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to )] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 515.984 275.619 m 555.980 275.619 l S BT 64.016 262.757 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(5\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 64.016 261.363 m 78.008 261.363 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 48.816 248.506 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(6.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 248.501 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(J. C. G. Rhl, )] TJ ET BT 132.692 248.501 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Young Wilhelm. The Kaiser?s Early Life 1859?1888)] TJ ET BT 384.368 248.501 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(Cambridge, 1998\) and )] TJ ET BT 502.016 248.501 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Wilhelm II. )] TJ ET BT 64.016 234.245 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The Kaiser?s Personal Monarchy 1888?1900)] TJ ET BT 283.340 234.245 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(Cambridge, 2004\).)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 380.660 234.245 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(6\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 380.660 232.851 m 434.648 232.851 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 48.816 219.994 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(7.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 219.989 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(E. Engelberg, )] TJ ET BT 132.668 219.989 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Bismarck. Urpreue und Reichsgrnder)] TJ ET BT 325.304 219.989 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(Berlin, 1985\).)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 399.296 219.989 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(7\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 399.296 218.595 m 453.284 218.595 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 48.816 205.738 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(8.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 205.733 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(M. Hank, )] TJ ET BT 112.676 205.733 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Kanzler ohne Amt: Frst Bismarck nach seiner Entlassung 1890?98)] TJ ET BT 440.660 205.733 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(Munich, 1977\).)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 521.984 205.733 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back )] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 521.984 204.339 m 549.644 204.339 l S BT 64.016 191.477 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(to \(8\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 64.016 190.083 m 90.344 190.083 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 48.816 177.226 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(9.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 177.221 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(J. Willms, )] TJ ET BT 116.024 177.221 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Bismarck. Dmon der Deutschen. Anmerkungen zu einer Legende)] TJ ET BT 432.956 177.221 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(Munich, 1997\).)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 514.280 177.221 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to )] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 514.280 175.827 m 554.276 175.827 l S BT 64.016 162.965 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(9\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 64.016 161.571 m 78.008 161.571 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 136.709 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Other reviews:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 122.453 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Guardian)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 34.016 108.197 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.guardian.co.uk/books/2011/mar/19/bismarck-life-jonathan-steinberg-review)] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.016 106.803 m 456.956 106.803 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 459.956 108.197 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([2])] TJ ET BT 34.016 93.941 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Telegraph)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 34.016 79.685 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.telegraph.co.uk/culture/books/bookreviews/8418498/Bismarck-a-Life-by-Jonathan-Steinberg-)] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.016 78.291 m 543.608 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