%PDF-1.3 1 0 obj << /Type /Catalog /Outlines 2 0 R /Pages 3 0 R >> endobj 2 0 obj << /Type /Outlines /Count 0 >> endobj 3 0 obj << /Type /Pages /Kids [6 0 R 17 0 R 22 0 R 24 0 R ] /Count 4 /Resources << /ProcSet 4 0 R /Font << /F1 8 0 R /F2 9 0 R /F3 10 0 R >> /XObject << /I1 11 0 R >> >> /MediaBox [0.000 0.000 595.280 841.890] >> endobj 4 0 obj [/PDF /Text /ImageC ] endobj 5 0 obj << /Creator (DOMPDF) /CreationDate (D:20140819113750+01'00') /ModDate (D:20140819113750+01'00') /Title (Dutch Culture in the Golden Age) >> endobj 6 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 12 0 R 15 0 R ] /Contents 7 0 R >> endobj 7 0 obj << /Length 4743 >> stream q 381.750 0 0 120.000 34.016 687.874 cm /I1 Do Q 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Published on )] TJ ET BT 99.356 676.469 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Reviews in History)] TJ ET BT 190.016 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \()] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 197.012 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 197.012 675.075 m 357.332 675.075 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 357.332 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\))] TJ ET 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.391 653.743 526.499 1.500 re S BT 34.016 615.321 Td /F3 18.0 Tf [(Dutch Culture in the Golden Age)] TJ ET BT 34.016 287.579 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(With )] TJ ET BT 61.016 287.579 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Dutch Culture in the Golden Age)] TJ ET BT 220.004 287.579 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( Leslie Price returns to the theme with which he began his long and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 273.323 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(distinguished career of teaching and research at the University of Hull. It is now almost 40 years ago that he )] TJ ET BT 34.016 259.067 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(published )] TJ ET BT 83.684 259.067 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Culture and Society in the Dutch Republic in the 17th Century)] TJ ET BT 383.000 259.067 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 386.000 259.067 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(1\))] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 386.000 257.673 m 399.992 257.673 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 399.992 259.067 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( Like the book presently under )] TJ ET BT 34.016 244.811 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(review, )] TJ ET BT 72.668 244.811 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Culture and Society)] TJ ET BT 167.996 244.811 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( was an essay rather than a detailed study. It focused on the different social )] TJ ET BT 34.016 230.555 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(milieus in which various forms or culture were produced, and explored the question as to why the Dutch )] TJ ET BT 34.016 216.299 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(were able to produce a school of painting of outstanding quality that was markedly independent of the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 202.043 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(general movement of artistic taste in Europe, and yet failed to produce a literature that could match it. Still )] TJ ET BT 34.016 187.787 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(very much concerned with the same issues, his most recent book testifies how far the author?s thinking has )] TJ ET BT 34.016 173.531 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(advanced. )] TJ ET BT 85.328 173.531 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Dutch Culture in the Golden Age)] TJ ET BT 244.316 173.531 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( is a lucid essay that offers a rich and rewarding, and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 159.275 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(exceptionally nuanced, insight into the culture ? more than just painting and literature ? of 17th?century )] TJ ET BT 34.016 145.019 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Holland. The book also documents the degree in which scholarship of the Dutch Golden Age has progressed )] TJ ET BT 34.016 130.763 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(since the 1970s. The select bibliography lists only a handful of titles that were available in 1974. A fair )] TJ ET BT 34.016 116.507 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(number of the more recent studies are in English.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 90.251 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Dutch Culture in the Golden Age)] TJ ET BT 193.004 90.251 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( consists of three introductory chapters, six chapters exploring painting, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 75.995 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(literature, humanism and the republic of letters, science and technology, religion and theology, and political )] TJ ET BT 34.016 61.739 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(theory, and finally two concluding chapters on the impact of the culture of the Dutch Golden Age on )] TJ ET BT 34.016 584.699 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Review Number:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 570.443 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(1124)] TJ ET BT 34.016 556.187 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publish date:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 541.931 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Thursday, 1 September, 2011)] TJ ET BT 34.016 527.675 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Author:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 513.419 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(J. Leslie Price)] TJ ET BT 34.016 499.163 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(ISBN:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 484.907 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(9781861898005)] TJ ET BT 34.016 470.651 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Date of Publication:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 456.395 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(2011)] TJ ET BT 34.016 442.139 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Price:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 427.883 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(22.00)] TJ ET BT 34.016 413.627 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Pages:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 399.371 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(286pp.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 385.115 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publisher:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 370.859 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Reaktion Books)] TJ ET BT 34.016 356.603 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Place of Publication:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 342.347 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(London)] TJ ET BT 34.016 328.091 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Reviewer:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 313.835 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Henk Van Nierop)] TJ ET endstream endobj 8 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F1 /BaseFont /Times-Roman /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 9 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F2 /BaseFont /Times-Italic /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 10 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F3 /BaseFont /Times-Bold /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 11 0 obj << /Type /XObject /Subtype /Image /Width 509 /Height 160 /Filter /FlateDecode /DecodeParms << /Predictor 15 /Colors 3 /Columns 509 /BitsPerComponent 8>> /Mask [ 255 255 255 255 255 255 ] /ColorSpace /DeviceRGB /BitsPerComponent 8 /Length 3280>> stream x[EQ㎦fVttҒ +3O{?lGDQԯDrB^.ϯ%~'0۠/2>0AG_>0j0GCfE67>rB^}@  !&y+r?INp:erc b8f=rQC!~-Wf^^zF[)G 2ޯe7V_Go3Ke GEGOo8rώ#\1ZY~N6^H}yLxS-!:412V+u\-LSO?xVvZ|GjǮT_8EYJF=Tw^ 7GxfN/S:Ʌ~ʟtt?5n÷J'JcF-GVξx{rO~tJd;#a\7}|~y'>}c2C vR}f׈**h.)_&@pfzjsx:5;S\vKhM5j=!Cn+h"u]a EUN]jn=k<,:Ք>sU!ni~6EJ)¦72?G}[y}_vc$t?iSܟ2Zݞ,VN?_`='RFK1A2qv&X_lLRWY'%:I㢖zb_UEx\>&ɆBˏ~K@ \gYØU4}$8Dv!'Q'*+Εj(UCGo[#< 2Ja(sZi9fZKE Rn`u\9r^Zmɯ׹}mstO4uc~#'jEvۼ Dx[z ޏQ4KL5,5u3>i^uÒ-53ba ~,~/pyt1fMU'CVm:qv~=Y'Es"WsφG?l_kN5}],Ow7 uh`xƫ?zMl7ٻv$A(4Dl(wwH} ?=[=S;yC]^BK>㕪9`Z'Wj;E|:bf>kCԘ#RY,iv쵗~}n'"1u" *uO΄/2^Sxr(!/DD\~mJyZ!MmrA!#u[if|99WB WΡpp}w}sh#,\ &:%˳X?D3 %W0cC?o̲^} F3XLVn]Cߖiϧ!7}yZJ#P7]=)7Ρp;>> Ye^xx{Oafw{ ;>4gfLt ʊ:q%#r/)pv!O4wGh|dS ӣݽހ-gVUC'pBxrB^} 7JA^} /'8!`:r?}}],X  }6y!`/~Br?}Q< >k7vx"] ,' .3jn{-i}|~%-};b6#U)7繎kiEw 㤳:E}[޼c"rꬊ7Dc$~"/Y&zSd:tFȌCrʙ`7u .#[-<)j ?TGS(j~oTup(hjU4PlJ=}|it.ҽ@\wʨuXÞZcx18Wo<~ikOg,ވ\^?EneyZcc0[R١z|zv7_m:_n]a?osS3~j^ hD.a_X'KfBX6w wݶ"Oa:,bvhrWH[uCF-Xfc}>x+Rz)2N-B 7y^٨;[/vg? | |2Sve}=o䑰j[vWjF0{굦?VI~}xM(_TlG__+]:#к?S} c>GŸD7 !w{S{B =x7a?oE#)+Gz:o_4Q<;n?\tt7?mGCџQGu4kņOF>F?#} hP&ђߴM#u!.СtL2^#o nIk_i.~7tr@n 1P~3?.[]=S5b߮~Yo^HFH YBi8a4iom>CKgMy*;?zqEӕ` >zB9iFzC?XF?ޟIܰ펉A}{I5ᄊx%ez#Mp@rߎpi]IOVjzuJt\۰f׺u5><,J~PTJp1)}){9N {!`/> endstream endobj 12 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 13 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 197.0117 675.3895 357.3317 687.2695 ] >> endobj 13 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews) >> endobj 14 0 obj [6 0 R /Fit] endobj 15 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 16 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 385.9997 257.9875 399.9917 269.8675 ] >> endobj 16 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 17 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 20 0 R ] /Contents 18 0 R >> endobj 18 0 obj << /Length 7608 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(contemporary Europe and on the ?waning? of the Golden Age, including its reception by scholars and the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(general public.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 755.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Like the earlier book, )] TJ ET BT 140.324 755.957 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Dutch Culture in the Golden Age)] TJ ET BT 299.312 755.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( is cleverly organized around a central argument, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 741.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(which lends coherence to a book that otherwise might have ended up as a rather bland summing up of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 727.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(famous artists, writers, scholars, and scientists. Price argues that Dutch society in its period of greatness is )] TJ ET BT 34.016 713.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(justly renowned for its innovative and often surprisingly ?modern? achievements in the fields of economy, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 698.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(politics, and social relations as well as in the arts and sciences, but that these advances were offset by )] TJ ET BT 34.016 684.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(conservatism and the tenacious persistence of a traditional world-view. It was this tension between the forces )] TJ ET BT 34.016 670.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of innovation and tradition, according to Price, that gave Dutch culture in the 17th century its peculiar )] TJ ET BT 34.016 656.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(character. I will come back to this central argument later, but it should be noted here that it nicely does the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 641.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(job of tying together the various chapters into a compelling narrative.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 615.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Price?s juxtaposition of innovative and conservative forces has resulted in an exceptionally balanced view of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 601.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the society and culture of the Dutch Golden Age. Most historians have understandably tended to focus on the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 587.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(innovative aspects of the period and on those features that made it stand apart from the experience of the rest )] TJ ET BT 34.016 572.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of early modern Europe. Obvious examples are Jan de Vries and Ad van der Woude?s )] TJ ET BT 450.572 572.885 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The First Modern )] TJ ET BT 34.016 558.629 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Economy)] TJ ET BT 78.668 558.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, Jonathan Israel?s )] TJ ET BT 169.976 558.629 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The Dutch Republic)] TJ ET BT 265.964 558.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, and, even more so, his )] TJ ET BT 382.280 558.629 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Radical Enlightenment)] TJ ET BT 492.608 558.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 495.608 558.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(2\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 495.608 557.235 m 509.600 557.235 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 509.600 558.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( It is only )] TJ ET BT 34.016 544.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(right that Price directs our attention to the fact that the inhabitants of the Dutch Republic had no cue as to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 530.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(where their society was heading, that they did not regard themselves as the founding fathers of free-market )] TJ ET BT 34.016 515.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(economics or democracy, let alone of ?modernity? pure and simple, and that most of them shared the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 501.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(religious and magic world view prevalent in the rest of early modern Europe.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 475.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Price of course does not deny the innovative elements in the economy, society, and culture of the Dutch )] TJ ET BT 34.016 461.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Golden Age, nor does he try to play down its achievements. Yet in order to arrive at a proper understanding )] TJ ET BT 34.016 446.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of it one should take stock of innovation as well as tradition, and understand their interplay. Take for )] TJ ET BT 34.016 432.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(example the economy. It was booming, but the boom was located particularly in the province of Holland and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 418.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(to some extent in the other maritime regions, and hardly impacted at all in the rural inland provinces, which )] TJ ET BT 34.016 404.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(remained more traditional socially and culturally. Urbanization reached unprecedented levels, but the ancient )] TJ ET BT 34.016 389.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(nobility continued to enjoy prestige, even in urbanized Holland. And even in the mercantile heartland )] TJ ET BT 34.016 375.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(?Calvinists were far from eager to embrace the spirit of capitalism? \(p. 51\). A treatise by a Leiden professor )] TJ ET BT 34.016 361.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(in 1638 justifying taking interest on loans caused a stir, because many people clung to the traditional )] TJ ET BT 34.016 347.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Christian view of usury as exploitation of the poor ? a remarkable position, given that the Dutch economy as )] TJ ET BT 34.016 332.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(well as the war against Spain heavily depended on credit and the issuing of bonds. The notorious tulip )] TJ ET BT 34.016 318.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(bubble caused considerable anti-capitalist sentiment as well. And most members of the elite had enjoyed a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 304.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(humanist education which made them identify with the anti-commercial values espoused by Cicero and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 290.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(other classical authors rather than the cut-throat capitalism fashionable in mercantile circles.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 263.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Price pays ample attention to the early abatement of the persecution of witches. If the Dutch Republic was )] TJ ET BT 34.016 249.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(largely spared the horror of the witch-craze which affected the rest of early modern Europe, he argues, this )] TJ ET BT 34.016 235.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(was only because the Supreme Court in a famous ruling in 1592 decided that torture could not legally be )] TJ ET BT 34.016 220.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(employed in witchcraft trials. Yet throughout the 17th century most of the Dutch continued to believe in the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 206.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(efficacy of witchcraft and the ubiquitous activity of the devil.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 180.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The Dutch Republic?s so-called ?discussion culture? is a well-known indicator of its modernity. The )] TJ ET BT 34.016 166.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Republic was justly famous for its freedom of expression, yet we are warned that this freedom was not )] TJ ET BT 34.016 151.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(without limits. The authorities did their best to uphold legislation against libels, while certain opinions, such )] TJ ET BT 34.016 137.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(as antitrinitarianism, were deemed outright atheism and consequently forbidden. Several authors were )] TJ ET BT 34.016 123.461 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(convicted to prison sentences on grounds of blasphemy. Spinoza?s most offensive works were famously )] TJ ET BT 34.016 109.205 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(published only after his death, and then duly banned.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 82.949 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Another marker of progress Price deconstructs is the relatively emancipated position of women. Women are )] TJ ET BT 34.016 68.693 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(highly visible in Dutch painting of the period, and foreign visitors commented on their assertiveness. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 54.437 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Nevertheless, Price argues, they were legally second-class citizens, barred from \(fully\) taking part in )] TJ ET endstream endobj 19 0 obj [17 0 R /Fit] endobj 20 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 21 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 495.6077 557.5495 509.5997 569.4295 ] >> endobj 21 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 22 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Contents 23 0 R >> endobj 23 0 obj << /Length 6891 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(economic life and in politics. ?Women remain almost invisible as far as the culture of the Golden Age is )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(concerned: a handful of painters, many poets but few of distinction, and a bluestocking or two? \(p. 93\).)] TJ ET BT 34.016 755.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(One of the chief arguments arguing for the modernity of the Dutch Golden Age is its religious diversity and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 741.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the tolerant attitude of the magistrates towards religious dissenters. It is true that Dutch religious freedom )] TJ ET BT 34.016 727.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(was unprecedented as well as unrivalled in early modern Europe \(except in the areas under Ottoman rule\). )] TJ ET BT 34.016 713.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Yet Price is at pains to point out that only the Reformed Church, as the ?public? Church, enjoyed substantial )] TJ ET BT 34.016 698.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(privileges, that Catholic observance remained legally forbidden until the end of the old regime \(even if the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 684.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(authorities could usually be bribed to close an eye\), and that very few people were willing to argue that )] TJ ET BT 34.016 670.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(religious toleration was a good thing in itself. Religious toleration was an expediency, desired by nobody, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 656.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(yet necessary for the conservation of civil peace and the promotion of prosperity. The principle of the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 641.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(separation of Church and State was still a long way off. And the social ethic of )] TJ ET BT 414.956 641.909 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(all)] TJ ET BT 427.628 641.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( churches was )] TJ ET BT 34.016 627.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(fundamentally opposed to the spirit of capitalism.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 601.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Price also plays down the level of technological and scientific innovation reached during the Golden Age. If )] TJ ET BT 34.016 587.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the Dutch were more clever than their competitors in harnessing existing sources of energy \(windmills, well-)] TJ ET BT 34.016 572.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(designed sailing ships\), they failed to achieve any real innovation comparable to the invention of the steam )] TJ ET BT 34.016 558.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(engine a century later. Great scientists like Stevin, Descartes, Huygens, and van Leeuwenhoek were )] TJ ET BT 34.016 544.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(hampered by the absence of learned societies such as the ones founded in London and Paris under royal )] TJ ET BT 34.016 530.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(patronage. Although these men certainly played an import role in what historians have later identified as the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 515.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Scientific Revolution, the impact of their work on contemporary society was limited. Their contemporaries )] TJ ET BT 34.016 501.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(tenaciously continued to cling to a world view that was fundamentally Aristotelian, religious, and magical. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 487.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Most of the scientists in question were unable to fathom the full implications of the new science. Natural )] TJ ET BT 34.016 473.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(philosophy gave better answers to questions as to how the natural world functioned, but it failed to answer )] TJ ET BT 34.016 458.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the question why it did so. Jan Swammerdam became so confused in his \(religiously driven\) search for truth )] TJ ET BT 34.016 444.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(through observation and experiment that he sought refuge with the charismatic Antoinette de Bourignon, a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 430.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(millenarian fanatic who claimed to be the mouthpiece of God and hence demanded absolute obedience from )] TJ ET BT 34.016 416.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(her followers.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 389.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Next to religion and magic, Price identifies Renaissance culture and humanism as forces in Dutch society )] TJ ET BT 34.016 375.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(that were fundamentally conservative. Their starting point was ?an inherited body of texts of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 361.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(unchallengeable authority?. The task of scholarship, according to Price, was basically to explore this legacy )] TJ ET BT 34.016 347.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(p. 162\).)] TJ ET BT 64.016 308.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(By the beginning of the seventeenth century [the impetus of the Renaissance] was fading, and a )] TJ ET BT 64.016 294.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(movement which had been innovative, in fact if not in intention, was beginning to be more )] TJ ET BT 64.016 280.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(concerned with preserving what had been achieved than with further development? \(pp. 84?5\).)] TJ ET BT 34.016 242.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Price, to my opinion, underrates the creative possibilities of Renaissance and humanist learning. The )] TJ ET BT 34.016 227.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Renaissance never encouraged slavish copying of ancient culture, but rather its emulation. One simply )] TJ ET BT 34.016 213.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(cannot think of the visual arts, literature, theatre, or architecture of the 17th century without taking into )] TJ ET BT 34.016 199.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(consideration the tremendous impact of the culture of the Renaissance. This impact brought new themes, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 184.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(new styles, new ideas and new ways of understanding. With hindsight one could argue that the modern )] TJ ET BT 34.016 170.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(world owes more to the scientific revolution than to Renaissance humanism, but the 17th century Dutch )] TJ ET BT 34.016 156.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(were not equipped with such hindsight. A classical education was the tool with which they were equipped to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 142.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(understand their world, and they used it to its full potential. Towards the end of the book, however, Price )] TJ ET BT 34.016 127.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(becomes more forgiving towards Humanism, for he does acknowledge the positive influence of Erasmus, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 113.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Lipsius, Scaliger \(French, but working in Holland\), Grotius, and Heinsius on the wider European culture.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 87.461 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(One may also question to what extent the coexistence of innovation and tradition was distinctive for the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 73.205 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Dutch Golden Age. Are not )] TJ ET BT 169.988 73.205 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(all)] TJ ET BT 182.660 73.205 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( societies characterized by simultaneous change and continuity? Innovation )] TJ ET BT 34.016 58.949 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(will usually take place in a limited number of social areas, and not everywhere at the same pace, while other )] TJ ET endstream endobj 24 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 27 0 R 30 0 R 33 0 R 36 0 R 38 0 R 40 0 R 42 0 R 44 0 R 46 0 R 48 0 R 50 0 R 52 0 R ] /Contents 25 0 R >> endobj 25 0 obj << /Length 8995 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(areas will remain relatively stable. Imperial Germany, for example, around 1900 at the forefront of scientific )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and technological innovation, was reactionary in its politics. And what about the contemporary United )] TJ ET BT 34.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(States, still the leading nation in science and technology, as well as in cinema, the visual arts, and literature, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and yet simultaneously known for a number of staggeringly conservative political and religious movements?)] TJ ET BT 34.016 727.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(One could even go so far as to argue ? and it has in fact been argued ? that traditionalism is essentially a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 713.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(reaction against modernization rather than the mere survival of traditional forms of culture. Innovation )] TJ ET BT 34.016 698.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(breeds its own critics, and not only in the case of the Dutch Golden Age. Was ?the invention of tradition? a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 684.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(characteristic feature of the Dutch Golden Age? This is a line of inquiry Price does not pursue; but it might )] TJ ET BT 34.016 670.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(be worthwhile to explore to what extent movements such as the ?Further Reformation? \()] TJ ET BT 458.948 670.421 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Nadere reformatie)] TJ ET BT 547.940 670.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\) )] TJ ET BT 34.016 656.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(or the various millenarian groups of the mid-17th century were a reaction against the capitalist ethos of the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 641.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(era rather than the expression of an atavistic religiosity.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 615.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(There are only few books available exploring the culture of the Dutch Golden Age as a whole. Price?s earlier )] TJ ET BT 34.016 601.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(book is one of them, but it is by now outdated and its central thesis can no longer be upheld. Johan )] TJ ET BT 34.016 587.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Huizinga?s brilliant ?sketch? )] TJ ET BT 176.324 587.141 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Dutch Civilization of the Seventeenth Century)] TJ ET BT 396.644 587.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, originally published in 1941 )] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 541.316 587.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(3\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 541.316 585.747 m 555.308 585.747 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 572.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(is still highly readable, but strongly bears the marks of the period in which it was written. )] TJ ET BT 465.644 572.885 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(1650: Hard-Won )] TJ ET BT 34.016 558.629 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Unity)] TJ ET BT 60.680 558.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( by Willem Fr?hoff and Mar?ke Spies )] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 245.648 558.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(4\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 245.648 557.235 m 259.640 557.235 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 259.640 558.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( contains a wealth of material and insights, but its focus is )] TJ ET BT 34.016 544.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(limited to the middle of the century, and it is too voluminous for class room use. It is remarkable that Simon )] TJ ET BT 34.016 530.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Schama?s )] TJ ET BT 85.004 530.117 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The Embarrassment of Riches)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 232.328 530.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(5\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 232.328 528.723 m 246.320 528.723 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 246.320 530.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( is not even mentioned in Price?s Select Bibliography. This )] TJ ET BT 34.016 515.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(should not come as a surprise to those readers who are familiar with his scathing criticism of that book.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 529.616 515.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(6\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 529.616 514.467 m 543.608 514.467 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 489.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(I have perhaps been unfair in focusing almost exclusively on Price?s juxtaposition of the innovative and the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 475.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(traditional. This may downplay the extent to which the author has succeeded in cramming an enormous )] TJ ET BT 34.016 461.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(amount of information as well as lucid insights into a very slim volume. This is a tremendous achievement. I )] TJ ET BT 34.016 446.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(recommend this book for classroom use. It will provide undergraduate students with all background )] TJ ET BT 34.016 432.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(information they need and at the same time provoke lively discussion on the peculiar character of the culture )] TJ ET BT 34.016 418.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of the Dutch Golden Age.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 383.427 Td /F3 18.0 Tf [(Notes)] TJ ET BT 48.816 352.810 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(1.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 352.805 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(J. L. Price, )] TJ ET BT 118.676 352.805 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Culture and Society in the Dutch Republic in the 17th Century)] TJ ET BT 417.992 352.805 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(London, 1974\).)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 499.316 352.805 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(1\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 499.316 351.411 m 553.304 351.411 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 48.816 338.554 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(2.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 338.549 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Jan de Vries and Ad van der Woude, )] TJ ET BT 243.632 338.549 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The First Modern Economy)] TJ ET BT 376.616 338.549 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(Cambridge, 1997\); Jonathan Israel, )] TJ ET BT 64.016 324.293 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The Dutch Republic: Its Rise, Greatness, and Fall 1477?1806 )] TJ ET BT 364.328 324.293 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(Oxford, 1995\); )] TJ ET BT 443.312 324.293 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Radical Enlightenment: )] TJ ET BT 64.016 310.037 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Philosophy and the Making of Modernity 1650-1750 )] TJ ET BT 319.664 310.037 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(Oxford, 2001\).)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 395.312 310.037 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(2\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 395.312 308.643 m 449.300 308.643 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 48.816 295.786 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(3.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 295.781 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Johan Huizinga, )] TJ ET BT 145.004 295.781 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Dutch Civilization of the Seventeenth Century)] TJ ET BT 365.324 295.781 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(1941\).)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 403.316 295.781 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(3\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 403.316 294.387 m 457.304 294.387 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 48.816 281.530 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(4.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 281.525 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Willem Fr?hoff and Mar?ke Spies, )] TJ ET BT 233.984 281.525 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Dutch Culture in a European Perspective 1: 1650 ? Hard-won )] TJ ET BT 64.016 267.269 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Unity)] TJ ET BT 90.680 267.269 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(Basingstoke, 2004\).)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 193.340 267.269 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(4\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 193.340 265.875 m 247.328 265.875 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 48.816 253.018 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(5.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 253.013 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Simon Schama, )] TJ ET BT 142.352 253.013 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The Embarrassment of Riches: an Interpretation of Dutch Culture in the Dutch )] TJ ET BT 64.016 238.757 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Golden Age)] TJ ET BT 121.004 238.757 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(London, 1986\).)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 202.328 238.757 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(5\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 202.328 237.363 m 256.316 237.363 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 48.816 224.506 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(6.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 224.501 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(B?dragen en mededelingen betreffende de geschiedenis der Nederlanden)] TJ ET BT 414.944 224.501 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, 104 \(1989\), 39?55 and )] TJ ET BT 64.016 210.245 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The American Historical Review)] TJ ET BT 221.000 210.245 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, 94 \(1989\), 158.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 300.992 210.245 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(6\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 300.992 208.851 m 354.980 208.851 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 183.989 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Other reviews:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 169.733 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Historical Association)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 34.016 155.477 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.history.org.uk/resources/general_resource_4576_73.html)] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.016 154.083 m 365.972 154.083 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 368.972 155.477 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([2])] TJ ET 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.391 150.751 526.499 1.500 re S BT 34.016 132.971 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Source URL:)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 104.672 132.971 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/review/1124)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 104.672 131.577 m 328.316 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