%PDF-1.3 1 0 obj << /Type /Catalog /Outlines 2 0 R /Pages 3 0 R >> endobj 2 0 obj << /Type /Outlines /Count 0 >> endobj 3 0 obj << /Type /Pages /Kids [6 0 R 14 0 R 25 0 R 34 0 R ] /Count 4 /Resources << /ProcSet 4 0 R /Font << /F1 8 0 R /F2 9 0 R /F3 10 0 R /F4 27 0 R >> /XObject << /I1 11 0 R >> >> /MediaBox [0.000 0.000 595.280 841.890] >> endobj 4 0 obj [/PDF /Text /ImageC ] endobj 5 0 obj << /Creator (DOMPDF) /CreationDate (D:20140417152411+01'00') /ModDate (D:20140417152411+01'00') /Title (Pleasure Bound: Victorian Sex Rebels and the New Eroticism) >> endobj 6 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 12 0 R ] /Contents 7 0 R >> endobj 7 0 obj << /Length 3110 >> stream q 381.750 0 0 120.000 34.016 687.874 cm /I1 Do Q 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Published on )] TJ ET BT 99.356 676.469 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Reviews in History)] TJ ET BT 190.016 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \()] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 197.012 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 197.012 675.075 m 357.332 675.075 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 357.332 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\))] TJ ET 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.391 653.743 526.499 1.500 re S BT 34.016 615.321 Td /F3 18.0 Tf [(Pleasure Bound: Victorian Sex Rebels and the New Eroticism)] TJ ET BT 34.016 287.579 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The poor Victorians, they?ve been constantly rebuked for their sexual repression by daring rebels. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 273.323 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Somehow, these rebels became the archetypes of Victorian culture ? such as the beloved Pre-Raphaelites. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 259.067 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Of course, Michel Foucault valiantly tried to dismiss the myth of Victorian sexual repression by arguing )] TJ ET BT 34.016 244.811 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(that instead there was an explosion of discourses about sex, but even he admitted that there were many )] TJ ET BT 34.016 230.555 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(silences on the everyday level ? the discourses came from experts such as psychiatrists and other doctors.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 204.299 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Instead of the experts, Deborah Lutz emphasizes the sexual discourses and dialogues among artists, poets, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 190.043 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and explorers in the intertwined circles of the Aesthetes \(growing out of the Pre-Raphaelites\) and the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 175.787 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Cannibal Club. Written in a lively, vivid style, she conveys the sheer sensuality of their art and poetry ? the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 161.531 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(tactility of Morris?s craftsmanship, the feel of rich velvets on the skin.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 584.699 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Review Number:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 570.443 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(1126)] TJ ET BT 34.016 556.187 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publish date:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 541.931 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Thursday, 1 September, 2011)] TJ ET BT 34.016 527.675 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Author:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 513.419 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Deborah Lutz)] TJ ET BT 34.016 499.163 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(ISBN:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 484.907 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(9780393068320)] TJ ET BT 34.016 470.651 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Date of Publication:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 456.395 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(2011)] TJ ET BT 34.016 442.139 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Price:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 427.883 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(19.99)] TJ ET BT 34.016 413.627 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Pages:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 399.371 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(331pp.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 385.115 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publisher:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 370.859 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(W W Norton)] TJ ET BT 34.016 356.603 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Place of Publication:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 342.347 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(New York, NY)] TJ ET BT 34.016 328.091 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Reviewer:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 313.835 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Anna Clark)] TJ ET endstream endobj 8 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F1 /BaseFont /Times-Roman /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 9 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F2 /BaseFont /Times-Italic /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 10 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F3 /BaseFont /Times-Bold /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 11 0 obj << /Type /XObject /Subtype /Image /Width 509 /Height 160 /Filter /FlateDecode /DecodeParms << /Predictor 15 /Colors 3 /Columns 509 /BitsPerComponent 8>> /Mask [ 255 255 255 255 255 255 ] /ColorSpace /DeviceRGB /BitsPerComponent 8 /Length 3280>> stream x[EQ㎦fVttҒ +3O{?lGDQԯDrB^.ϯ%~'0۠/2>0AG_>0j0GCfE67>rB^}@  !&y+r?INp:erc b8f=rQC!~-Wf^^zF[)G 2ޯe7V_Go3Ke GEGOo8rώ#\1ZY~N6^H}yLxS-!:412V+u\-LSO?xVvZ|GjǮT_8EYJF=Tw^ 7GxfN/S:Ʌ~ʟtt?5n÷J'JcF-GVξx{rO~tJd;#a\7}|~y'>}c2C vR}f׈**h.)_&@pfzjsx:5;S\vKhM5j=!Cn+h"u]a EUN]jn=k<,:Ք>sU!ni~6EJ)¦72?G}[y}_vc$t?iSܟ2Zݞ,VN?_`='RFK1A2qv&X_lLRWY'%:I㢖zb_UEx\>&ɆBˏ~K@ \gYØU4}$8Dv!'Q'*+Εj(UCGo[#< 2Ja(sZi9fZKE Rn`u\9r^Zmɯ׹}mstO4uc~#'jEvۼ Dx[z ޏQ4KL5,5u3>i^uÒ-53ba ~,~/pyt1fMU'CVm:qv~=Y'Es"WsφG?l_kN5}],Ow7 uh`xƫ?zMl7ٻv$A(4Dl(wwH} ?=[=S;yC]^BK>㕪9`Z'Wj;E|:bf>kCԘ#RY,iv쵗~}n'"1u" *uO΄/2^Sxr(!/DD\~mJyZ!MmrA!#u[if|99WB WΡpp}w}sh#,\ &:%˳X?D3 %W0cC?o̲^} F3XLVn]Cߖiϧ!7}yZJ#P7]=)7Ρp;>> Ye^xx{Oafw{ ;>4gfLt ʊ:q%#r/)pv!O4wGh|dS ӣݽހ-gVUC'pBxrB^} 7JA^} /'8!`:r?}}],X  }6y!`/~Br?}Q< >k7vx"] ,' .3jn{-i}|~%-};b6#U)7繎kiEw 㤳:E}[޼c"rꬊ7Dc$~"/Y&zSd:tFȌCrʙ`7u .#[-<)j ?TGS(j~oTup(hjU4PlJ=}|it.ҽ@\wʨuXÞZcx18Wo<~ikOg,ވ\^?EneyZcc0[R١z|zv7_m:_n]a?osS3~j^ hD.a_X'KfBX6w wݶ"Oa:,bvhrWH[uCF-Xfc}>x+Rz)2N-B 7y^٨;[/vg? | |2Sve}=o䑰j[vWjF0{굦?VI~}xM(_TlG__+]:#к?S} c>GŸD7 !w{S{B =x7a?oE#)+Gz:o_4Q<;n?\tt7?mGCџQGu4kņOF>F?#} hP&ђߴM#u!.СtL2^#o nIk_i.~7tr@n 1P~3?.[]=S5b߮~Yo^HFH YBi8a4iom>CKgMy*;?zqEӕ` >zB9iFzC?XF?ޟIܰ펉A}{I5ᄊx%ez#Mp@rߎpi]IOVjzuJt\۰f׺u5><,J~PTJp1)}){9N {!`/> endstream endobj 12 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 13 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 197.0117 675.3895 357.3317 687.2695 ] >> endobj 13 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews) >> endobj 14 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 17 0 R 20 0 R 23 0 R ] /Contents 15 0 R >> endobj 15 0 obj << /Length 7266 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 784.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The strength of Lutz?s book is her insightful analyses of the compelling combination of spirituality, eros, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 770.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and death in much Victorian writing. For instance, instead of seeing Christina Rossetti?s remarkable poem )] TJ ET BT 34.016 755.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(?Goblin Market? as simply expressing female eroticism, as its characters suck on ripe, juicy fruit, she )] TJ ET BT 34.016 741.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(concludes that the ?genius of ?Goblin Market? is making Christian self-sacrifice as lusciously delightful as )] TJ ET BT 34.016 727.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the sinful fall itself?\(p. 66\). She also depicts the members of the Cannibal Club as rebels against not only the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 713.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(sexual conformity, but against the religious traditions of their time. As she notes, they wondered if ?a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 698.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(worship of the senses could replace a belief in God? \(p. 76\).)] TJ ET BT 34.016 672.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Lutz provides some wonderful insights into the poet Algernon Swinburne?s and the painter Simeon )] TJ ET BT 34.016 658.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Solomon?s fascination with hermaphrodites, and she asserts that Rossetti sometimes portrayed Jane Morris )] TJ ET BT 34.016 644.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(as both masculine and feminine. However, as Wendy Doniger has written, a culture?s obsession with )] TJ ET BT 34.016 629.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(hermaphroditism and gender fluidity in spirituality and art can be quite congruent with a highly patriarchal )] TJ ET BT 34.016 615.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(social order, as in India.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 149.324 615.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(1\))] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 149.324 614.259 m 163.316 614.259 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 589.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Instead of focusing on trying to pin down the sexual identities of these men, Lutz fruitfully explores the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 575.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(complexities of their relationships with each other. Her account of Richard Burton is nuanced, reflecting on )] TJ ET BT 34.016 560.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the dynamics of his personal power through his magnetic, dominating personality, so attractive to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 546.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Swinburne. She is very good on what might be termed Swinburne?s polymorphous perversity. However, she )] TJ ET BT 34.016 532.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(asserts that between 1830 when the death penalty was usually no longer applied to sodomy, and 1885 when )] TJ ET BT 34.016 518.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the Labouchere amendment criminalized ?gross indecency? between men, she asserts ?for the most part, if )] TJ ET BT 34.016 503.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(one was private about it, one could do what one would with one?s body?. However, Charles Upchurch has )] TJ ET BT 34.016 489.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(found that between 1825 and 1827 legislation actually criminalized attempted sodomy and attempts to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 475.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(persuade others to commit sodomy.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 205.004 475.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(2\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 205.004 473.955 m 218.996 473.955 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 218.996 475.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( The police tried to keep offenses between men quiet, but they did )] TJ ET BT 34.016 461.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(arrest and prosecute men who had sex with other men. Blackmail was also a huge danger. A respectable )] TJ ET BT 34.016 446.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(man?s reputation could be ruined by such accusations, although many refused to believe that a respectable )] TJ ET BT 34.016 432.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(man could engage in such activity ? quite different from not caring if men indulged in sex with other men. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 418.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(At the same time, a subculture was emerging even before sexologists gave it a name. However, Lutz is )] TJ ET BT 34.016 404.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(correct that most of the men she discusses were not involved in such subcultures, but rather, enjoyed a more )] TJ ET BT 34.016 389.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(diffuse eroticism of comradeship with each other.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 363.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Lutz is probably at her best writing about flogging, the obsession of so many Victorians, and its roots in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 349.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Victorian public schools such as Eton. Swinburne was most notorious for his obsession with ?le vice )] TJ ET BT 34.016 335.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(anglais? and as generations of historians of sexuality have noted, flagellant brothels were common in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 320.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Victorian London. Going beyond this titillation, Lutz characterizes flogging as writing on the skin, as a form )] TJ ET BT 34.016 306.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of poetry.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 280.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Instead of just recounting the adventures of the anonymous author of ?My Secret Life?, Walter, she suggests )] TJ ET BT 34.016 266.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(that his desire to get inside the bodies of his sexual partners \(both male and female\), was not just a search for )] TJ ET BT 34.016 251.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(pleasure, but a quest to inhabit their subjectivity. At the end, Lutz does admit that Walter and Burton were )] TJ ET BT 34.016 237.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(both turned on by categorizing and labeling sexual acts, unlike the erotic spirituality of the aesthetes and pre-)] TJ ET BT 34.016 223.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Raphaelites. More might have been made about the contrast between these two strands.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 196.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Lutz insists that she wants to strip away our modern ?isms? ? ?feminism, post-colonialism, post-Marxism? )] TJ ET BT 34.016 182.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and see these men as they were or how they saw themselves \(p. 15\). But this results in some startling )] TJ ET BT 34.016 168.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(omissions. Although she briefly acknowledges Richard Burton?s racism, she fails to explore in depth the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 154.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(radical racism of the Cannibal Club and its public face, the London Anthropological Society, and how that )] TJ ET BT 34.016 139.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(might have inflected its view of sexuality. In fact, the London Anthropological Society broke off from the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 125.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(more humanitarian Ethnological Society because it wanted to insist on a more extreme biologically-based )] TJ ET BT 34.016 111.461 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(racism. As Lisa Sigel has written, the members of the Cannibal Club produced pornographic writings that )] TJ ET BT 34.016 97.205 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(reflected this racism, deriving pleasure from reading accounts of slave women being whipped. While its )] TJ ET BT 34.016 82.949 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(members wanted to explore every possibility of sexual knowledge and pleasure, as Sigel notes this was a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 68.693 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(way of dominating and consuming imperial subjects.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 288.332 68.693 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(3\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 288.332 67.299 m 302.324 67.299 l S endstream endobj 16 0 obj [14 0 R /Fit] endobj 17 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 18 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 149.3237 614.5735 163.3157 626.4535 ] >> endobj 18 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 19 0 obj [14 0 R /Fit] endobj 20 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 21 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 205.0037 474.2695 218.9957 486.1495 ] >> endobj 21 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 22 0 obj [14 0 R /Fit] endobj 23 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 24 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 288.3317 67.6135 302.3237 79.4935 ] >> endobj 24 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 25 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 28 0 R 30 0 R 32 0 R ] /Contents 26 0 R >> endobj 26 0 obj << /Length 5862 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 784.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Although Lutz points out that Richard Burton insisted on the importance of female sexual pleasure, this is a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 770.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(book about male subjectivity; Lutz makes little effort to access the sexual subjectivity of women, with the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 755.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(exception of Christina Rossetti. The sources, of course, are very difficult for this task, but other historians )] TJ ET BT 34.016 741.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(have at least attempted it.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 715.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Historians of sexuality and Victorian culture will find no new information in this book, despite its insights. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 701.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Lutz relies heavily on published biographies and occasionally cites printed collections of letters and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 686.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(dissertations rather than closely analysing the texts produced by these men \(with some notable exceptions\). )] TJ ET BT 34.016 672.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(There is no archival work. She cites very little of the large scholarly literature on Victorian sexuality, such as )] TJ ET BT 34.016 658.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the work of Jeffrey Weeks, Hera Cook, Ellen Bayuk Rosenman, Matt Cook or H. G. Cocks, although it may )] TJ ET BT 34.016 644.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(have informed her larger perspective. The chapter on prostitution is rather conventional, unlike Judith )] TJ ET BT 34.016 629.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Walkowitz?s great work, )] TJ ET BT 157.316 629.909 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Prostitution and Victorian Society)] TJ ET BT 321.656 629.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(1980\). Similarly, the section on Oscar Wilde is )] TJ ET BT 34.016 615.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(quite familiar. At times this lack of documentation and research can lead to astonishingly exaggerated )] TJ ET BT 34.016 601.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(claims. For instance, she alleges that ?the London master binder Joseph Zaehnsdorf was kept busy by )] TJ ET BT 34.016 587.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(doctors, lawyers, and others using unclaimed corpses of the poor? to bind books and that ?most Victorians )] TJ ET BT 34.016 572.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(would not find this practice depraved, but rather thrifty?. There is no citation. While a google search finds )] TJ ET BT 34.016 558.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(that Zaehnsdorf did indeed bind a book in human skin, there is no evidence that this was a widespread )] TJ ET BT 34.016 544.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(practice, or at least, she cites none.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 518.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(In an effort to make her writing visual, Lutz begins many sections by painting a word picture of these )] TJ ET BT 34.016 503.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Victorian rebels striding through the London fog. While this succeeds the first few times, there are all too )] TJ ET BT 34.016 489.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(many foggy nights in this book, and the writing is often repetitive and overlapping in its analysis.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 463.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(This book successfully explores the ?dark side? of Victorian sexuality from a very traditional cultural history )] TJ ET BT 34.016 449.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(perspective, but it is really an exaggeration to call her subjects sexual rebels. Artists have always used )] TJ ET BT 34.016 434.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(prostitutes as models and many poets have drunk themselves into an early grave, and imperialist explorers )] TJ ET BT 34.016 420.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(have often exploited native women. Lutz briefly mentions another member of the Cannibal Club, Richard )] TJ ET BT 34.016 406.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Bradlaugh, who really rebelled against Victorian culture by openly publishing birth control information, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 392.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(along with Annie Besant, and faced prison as a result. A richer book would have deployed Lutz?s )] TJ ET BT 34.016 377.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(considerable critical abilities to explore emotional nuance to get at the challenges of such true rebels rather )] TJ ET BT 34.016 363.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(than re-hashing familiar anecdotes about Victorian artists, poets and explorers.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 328.659 Td /F3 18.0 Tf [(Notes)] TJ ET BT 48.816 298.042 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(1.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 298.037 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Wendy Doniger, )] TJ ET BT 146.996 298.037 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Splitting the Difference)] TJ ET BT 258.992 298.037 Td /F4 12.0 Tf [(:)] TJ ET BT 262.988 298.037 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Gender and Myth in Ancient Greece and India)] TJ ET BT 486.608 298.037 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(Chicago, IL, )] TJ ET BT 64.016 283.781 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(1999\), p. 292.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 131.012 283.781 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(1\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 131.012 282.387 m 185.000 282.387 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 48.816 269.530 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(2.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 269.525 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Charles Upchurch, )] TJ ET BT 156.992 269.525 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Before Wilde: Sex between Men in Britain?s Age of Reform)] TJ ET BT 442.616 269.525 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(Berkeley, CA, 2009\), )] TJ ET BT 64.016 255.269 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(p. 99.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 91.016 255.269 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(2\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 91.016 253.875 m 145.004 253.875 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 48.816 241.018 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(3.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 241.013 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Lisa Z. Sigel, )] TJ ET BT 131.684 241.013 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Governing Pleasures: Pornography and Social Change in England, 1815?1914)] TJ ET BT 514.664 241.013 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(New )] TJ ET BT 64.016 226.757 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Brunswick, NJ, 2002\), p. 51.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 202.340 226.757 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(3\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 202.340 225.363 m 256.328 225.363 l S endstream endobj 27 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F4 /BaseFont /Times-BoldItalic /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 28 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 29 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 131.0117 282.7015 184.9997 294.5815 ] >> endobj 29 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /GoTo /D 16 0 R >> endobj 30 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 31 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 91.0157 254.1895 145.0037 266.0695 ] >> endobj 31 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /GoTo /D 19 0 R >> endobj 32 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 33 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 202.3397 225.6775 256.3277 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