%PDF-1.3 1 0 obj << /Type /Catalog /Outlines 2 0 R /Pages 3 0 R >> endobj 2 0 obj << /Type /Outlines /Count 0 >> endobj 3 0 obj << /Type /Pages /Kids [6 0 R 14 0 R 19 0 R 39 0 R 59 0 R ] /Count 5 /Resources << /ProcSet 4 0 R /Font << /F1 8 0 R /F2 9 0 R /F3 10 0 R >> /XObject << /I1 11 0 R >> >> /MediaBox [0.000 0.000 595.280 841.890] >> endobj 4 0 obj [/PDF /Text /ImageC ] endobj 5 0 obj << /Creator (DOMPDF) /CreationDate (D:20141001231814+01'00') /ModDate (D:20141001231814+01'00') /Title (Common Sense: A Political History) >> endobj 6 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 12 0 R ] /Contents 7 0 R >> endobj 7 0 obj << /Length 3223 >> stream q 381.750 0 0 120.000 34.016 687.874 cm /I1 Do Q 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Published on )] TJ ET BT 99.356 676.469 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Reviews in History)] TJ ET BT 190.016 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \()] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 197.012 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 197.012 675.075 m 357.332 675.075 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 357.332 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\))] TJ ET 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.391 653.743 526.499 1.500 re S BT 34.016 615.321 Td /F3 18.0 Tf [(Common Sense: A Political History)] TJ ET BT 34.016 287.579 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(In this original and excellent volume Rosenfeld has succeeded in providing the reader with a political history )] TJ ET BT 34.016 273.323 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of common sense from London in the 1680s through to almost present-day American politics. When one )] TJ ET BT 34.016 259.067 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(reads the front flap of the book, though, one gets the impression that even George W. Bush?s and Barack )] TJ ET BT 34.016 244.811 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Obama?s politics will be analysed in depth with regard to their common sense politics. Yet this is only )] TJ ET BT 34.016 230.555 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(spuriously done. It is also surprising on first sight to see that philosophers such as Kant, Gadamer, and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 216.299 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Hannah Arendt, not to mention James Beattie and the common sense school of Thomas Reid, are discussed )] TJ ET BT 34.016 202.043 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(at considerable length, as one wouldn?t immediately have thought that they had had so much political )] TJ ET BT 34.016 187.787 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(influence. Yet Rosenfeld manages to include not just these thinkers, but also ideas drawn from Dadaism and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 173.531 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Native American culture in her breath-taking endeavour. All serve in one way or another Rosenfeld?s )] TJ ET BT 34.016 159.275 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(overall goal, stated at the end of the introduction:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 584.699 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Review Number:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 570.443 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(1127)] TJ ET BT 34.016 556.187 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publish date:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 541.931 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Thursday, 1 September, 2011)] TJ ET BT 34.016 527.675 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Author:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 513.419 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Sophia Rosenfeld)] TJ ET BT 34.016 499.163 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(ISBN:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 484.907 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(9780674057814)] TJ ET BT 34.016 470.651 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Date of Publication:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 456.395 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(2011)] TJ ET BT 34.016 442.139 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Price:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 427.883 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(22.95)] TJ ET BT 34.016 413.627 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Pages:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 399.371 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(368pp.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 385.115 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publisher:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 370.859 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Harvard University Press)] TJ ET BT 34.016 356.603 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Place of Publication:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 342.347 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Cambridge, MA)] TJ ET BT 34.016 328.091 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Reviewer:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 313.835 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Marion Ledwig)] TJ ET endstream endobj 8 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F1 /BaseFont /Times-Roman /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 9 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F2 /BaseFont /Times-Italic /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 10 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F3 /BaseFont /Times-Bold /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 11 0 obj << /Type /XObject /Subtype /Image /Width 509 /Height 160 /Filter /FlateDecode /DecodeParms << /Predictor 15 /Colors 3 /Columns 509 /BitsPerComponent 8>> /Mask [ 255 255 255 255 255 255 ] /ColorSpace /DeviceRGB /BitsPerComponent 8 /Length 3280>> stream x[EQ㎦fVttҒ +3O{?lGDQԯDrB^.ϯ%~'0۠/2>0AG_>0j0GCfE67>rB^}@  !&y+r?INp:erc b8f=rQC!~-Wf^^zF[)G 2ޯe7V_Go3Ke GEGOo8rώ#\1ZY~N6^H}yLxS-!:412V+u\-LSO?xVvZ|GjǮT_8EYJF=Tw^ 7GxfN/S:Ʌ~ʟtt?5n÷J'JcF-GVξx{rO~tJd;#a\7}|~y'>}c2C vR}f׈**h.)_&@pfzjsx:5;S\vKhM5j=!Cn+h"u]a EUN]jn=k<,:Ք>sU!ni~6EJ)¦72?G}[y}_vc$t?iSܟ2Zݞ,VN?_`='RFK1A2qv&X_lLRWY'%:I㢖zb_UEx\>&ɆBˏ~K@ \gYØU4}$8Dv!'Q'*+Εj(UCGo[#< 2Ja(sZi9fZKE Rn`u\9r^Zmɯ׹}mstO4uc~#'jEvۼ Dx[z ޏQ4KL5,5u3>i^uÒ-53ba ~,~/pyt1fMU'CVm:qv~=Y'Es"WsφG?l_kN5}],Ow7 uh`xƫ?zMl7ٻv$A(4Dl(wwH} ?=[=S;yC]^BK>㕪9`Z'Wj;E|:bf>kCԘ#RY,iv쵗~}n'"1u" *uO΄/2^Sxr(!/DD\~mJyZ!MmrA!#u[if|99WB WΡpp}w}sh#,\ &:%˳X?D3 %W0cC?o̲^} F3XLVn]Cߖiϧ!7}yZJ#P7]=)7Ρp;>> Ye^xx{Oafw{ ;>4gfLt ʊ:q%#r/)pv!O4wGh|dS ӣݽހ-gVUC'pBxrB^} 7JA^} /'8!`:r?}}],X  }6y!`/~Br?}Q< >k7vx"] ,' .3jn{-i}|~%-};b6#U)7繎kiEw 㤳:E}[޼c"rꬊ7Dc$~"/Y&zSd:tFȌCrʙ`7u .#[-<)j ?TGS(j~oTup(hjU4PlJ=}|it.ҽ@\wʨuXÞZcx18Wo<~ikOg,ވ\^?EneyZcc0[R١z|zv7_m:_n]a?osS3~j^ hD.a_X'KfBX6w wݶ"Oa:,bvhrWH[uCF-Xfc}>x+Rz)2N-B 7y^٨;[/vg? | |2Sve}=o䑰j[vWjF0{굦?VI~}xM(_TlG__+]:#к?S} c>GŸD7 !w{S{B =x7a?oE#)+Gz:o_4Q<;n?\tt7?mGCџQGu4kņOF>F?#} hP&ђߴM#u!.СtL2^#o nIk_i.~7tr@n 1P~3?.[]=S5b߮~Yo^HFH YBi8a4iom>CKgMy*;?zqEӕ` >zB9iFzC?XF?ޟIܰ펉A}{I5ᄊx%ez#Mp@rߎpi]IOVjzuJt\۰f׺u5><,J~PTJp1)}){9N {!`/> endstream endobj 12 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 13 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 197.0117 675.3895 357.3317 687.2695 ] >> endobj 13 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews) >> endobj 14 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 17 0 R ] /Contents 15 0 R >> endobj 15 0 obj << /Length 5733 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 64.016 784.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(?this study should be approached as an exercise in philosophical history ? That means the goal )] TJ ET BT 64.016 770.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(is to discover not only what happened in the past but also whether Arendt was right. Is it really )] TJ ET BT 64.016 755.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(common sense, born of the quotidian experiences and social interactions of ordinary people, that )] TJ ET BT 64.016 741.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(both makes democracy possible and sustains it? And if so, at what price? The pages that follow )] TJ ET BT 64.016 727.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(are intended as one historian?s answer? \(p. 16\).)] TJ ET BT 34.016 689.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Does Rosenfeld really answer these questions in the span of the book? In the end, it might be that the reader )] TJ ET BT 34.016 674.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(feels a little bit puzzled, because Rosenfeld makes clear that over the centuries the term common sense has )] TJ ET BT 34.016 660.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(taken on a multitude of definitions and has been instrumentalised by so many diverse political factions that it )] TJ ET BT 34.016 646.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(becomes increasingly difficult to see how such a thing could make democracy possible and even have the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 632.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(capacity to sustain it. Rosenfeld, however, points out that:)] TJ ET BT 64.016 593.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(?Democracy requires for its success both the promotion of common values and the very notion )] TJ ET BT 64.016 579.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(that there is something out there called ?common sense? that has an important role to play in )] TJ ET BT 64.016 565.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(political life? \(p. 256\).)] TJ ET BT 34.016 527.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(She also makes clear the price to pay, namely that common sense limits ?what we can hear and from whom? )] TJ ET BT 34.016 512.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(p. 256\), so that:)] TJ ET BT 64.016 474.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(?It is vital that some individuals in the modern world consciously position themselves outside of )] TJ ET BT 64.016 460.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the reigning common sense and keep a close eye on the complex and powerful work that it )] TJ ET BT 64.016 446.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(does.? \(p. 257\))] TJ ET BT 34.016 407.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The overall content of the volume can be summarised as follows. In the first chapter, the period of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 393.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(1688?1739 in London is depicted, and it is pointed out how the Aristotelian concept of common sense )] TJ ET BT 34.016 379.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(contributed to the peaceful and non-coercive social and moral order of the day in order to secure stability for )] TJ ET BT 34.016 365.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the ruling class. One of the many illuminating side points of the chapter is that even anatomists, such as )] TJ ET BT 34.016 350.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Leonardo da Vinci, tried to locate common sense in the human body.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 324.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Chapter two turns to Scottish Aberdeen, encompassing the years 1758?70, and dealing with James Beattie )] TJ ET BT 34.016 310.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and the common sense philosophy of Thomas Reid. I find it quite interesting that Rosenfeld spends so much )] TJ ET BT 34.016 296.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(time on Beattie, since nowadays Beattie is rarely discussed as a philosopher, with most modern philosophers )] TJ ET BT 34.016 281.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(considering his work inferior to that of Thomas Reid. Rosenfeld even argues that Beattie?s basic principles )] TJ ET BT 34.016 267.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of common sense sound like a hodgepodge from our modern philosophical perspective. In this regard I )] TJ ET BT 34.016 253.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(would disagree, however. For the list Beattie comes up with would still be considered by most philosophers )] TJ ET BT 34.016 239.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of today as vital and fundamental philosophical issues, such as the problem of induction, what is truth, does )] TJ ET BT 34.016 224.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(God exist, what is personal identity, what is causation, what is real, what is morally right, etc. Furthermore, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 210.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Beattie?s method of proving something by showing that the opposite leads to absurdities is even today a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 196.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(technique in philosophy for discrediting a person?s position. However, the reason Beattie is discussed so )] TJ ET BT 34.016 182.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(thoroughly by Rosenfeld is of course explained and justified by Beattie?s major role in popularising )] TJ ET BT 34.016 167.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(common sense.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 141.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(According to Rosenfeld the main points the Aberdonians promoted were first, the universality of common )] TJ ET BT 34.016 127.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(sense putting weight on the judgments of everyman, second, that common sense could be a foundation for )] TJ ET BT 34.016 112.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(knowledge and promote a sense of community, and third, that it could be used as a method against their )] TJ ET BT 34.016 98.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(adversaries.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 72.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(In chapter three Rosenfeld defends \(among other things\) the view that proverbs are a form of common sense.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 34.016 58.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(1\))] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.016 56.835 m 48.008 56.835 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 48.008 58.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( Moreover, she points out that whereas the Aberdonians left space for God with their common sense, the )] TJ ET endstream endobj 16 0 obj [14 0 R /Fit] endobj 17 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 18 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 34.0157 57.1495 48.0077 69.0295 ] >> endobj 18 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 19 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 22 0 R 25 0 R 28 0 R 31 0 R 34 0 R 37 0 R ] /Contents 20 0 R >> endobj 20 0 obj << /Length 8451 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(non-conformist writers of Amsterdam in the period of 1760?75 took common sense to mean that one should )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(think like reasonable savages untrained in Christian thinking, so that common sense can be used as a means )] TJ ET BT 34.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(to different ends. That the latter is possible could in my opinion also be supported using proverbs, because )] TJ ET BT 34.016 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(for many proverbs there exist counter-proverbs, such as the German proverbs ?Gegenstze ziehen sich an? )] TJ ET BT 34.016 739.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(opposites attract each other\) versus ?gleich und gleich gesellt sich gern? \(similar things like to get together\). )] TJ ET BT 34.016 725.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Thus, it seems possible to find proverbs according to one?s needs bolstering the position one wants to defend.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 698.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Chapter four proceeds to revolutionary America, to Philadelphia in 1776, and analyses Thomas Paine?s )] TJ ET BT 34.016 684.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(pamphlet )] TJ ET BT 81.680 684.677 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Common Sense)] TJ ET BT 155.336 684.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, which highlights the fact that common sense doesn?t derive from mass behaviour, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 670.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(common usage, and/or universal consent. According to Rosenfeld in Paine?s view employing common sense )] TJ ET BT 34.016 656.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(leads to sure knowledge and is a means for undermining what are considered unquestionable positions. With )] TJ ET BT 34.016 641.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(regard to the pamphlet it is valuable to know that Paine originally had another title in mind and that the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 627.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(notion of common sense is only employed four times in the whole manuscript which might explain why )] TJ ET BT 34.016 613.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(some contemporaries considered his way of using the concept to be ambiguous. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 587.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(In chapter five, Rosenfeld jumps back to Paris, 1790?2, to defend the view that common sense was used to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 572.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(criticise democracy. Rosenfeld comes up with the following explanation as to why common sense failed in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 558.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(aiding the revolutionary cause in France: she points out that the first innovations of the French revolution )] TJ ET BT 34.016 544.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(such as dividing France into geometric departments and writing the national constitution had nothing in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 530.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(common with self-evident truths, one of common sense?s hallmarks. I was wondering, however, whether an )] TJ ET BT 34.016 515.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(earlier manifestation of current French-American mutual antipathy might be responsible for the missing )] TJ ET BT 34.016 501.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(influence. Yet, Grave )] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 140.312 501.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(2\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 140.312 500.211 m 154.304 500.211 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 154.304 501.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( points out that it was actually Royer-Collard who imported common sense )] TJ ET BT 34.016 487.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(philosophy to France and that Royer-Collard?s pupil Cousin as minister of public instruction made common )] TJ ET BT 34.016 473.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(sense philosophy part of the official philosophy of France. The latter, however, occurred many years after )] TJ ET BT 34.016 458.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the French revolution. Another French common sense philosopher was Buffier \(1724\), but this was many )] TJ ET BT 34.016 444.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(years before the French revolution, making Buffier even a predecessor to Reid. Thus, Paine?s common sense )] TJ ET BT 34.016 430.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(ideas might not have swept back to France, because common sense was already established there.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 404.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Chapter six proceeds to the modern world, namely from Kant?s Knigberg to Arendt?s New York City. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 389.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Rosenfeld defends the view that Kant applies common sense only to aesthetics and not to morality or )] TJ ET BT 34.016 375.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(politics. However, the eminent Kant scholar Ameriks )] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 292.976 375.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(3\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 292.976 374.163 m 306.968 374.163 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 306.968 375.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( is of a different opinion by at least adding ethics to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 361.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(common sense?s agenda. In favour of the latter position is Kant?s statement: ?No doubt the concept of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 347.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(?right?, in its common-sense usage, contains all that the subtlest speculation can develop out of it?.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 509.300 347.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(4\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 509.300 345.651 m 523.292 345.651 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 523.292 347.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( Di )] TJ ET BT 34.016 332.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Giovanni )] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 81.680 332.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(5\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 81.680 331.395 m 95.672 331.395 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 95.672 332.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( seems to suggest an even wider scope of common sense in Kant by claiming that Kant )] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 515.948 332.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(6\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 515.948 331.395 m 529.940 331.395 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 318.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(advocates critical common sense in his 1786 essay )] TJ ET BT 279.980 318.533 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(What Does it Mean to Orient Oneself In Thinking?)] TJ ET BT 34.016 304.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Ledwig )] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 73.676 304.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(7\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 73.676 302.883 m 87.668 302.883 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 87.668 304.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( even goes so far as to claim that there is a certain parallel between Reid?s common sense )] TJ ET BT 34.016 290.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(principles and Kant?s a priori knowledge, namely that they both mean certain propositions believed in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 275.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(common. Thus, it is not as obvious as Rosenfeld wants the reader to believe that Kant applies common sense )] TJ ET BT 34.016 261.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(only to aesthetics.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 235.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Leaving Kant for a brief period behind, but staying with aesthetics, Rosenfeld turns to Dadaism and portrays )] TJ ET BT 34.016 220.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the movement as a subversion of sense, also including common sense. Starting out from Kant?s aesthetics )] TJ ET BT 34.016 206.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Gadamer, like Rosenfeld, advanced the restoration of concepts such as Bildung, common sense, judgment, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 192.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and taste with regard to their ethical and political connotations. Rosenfeld translates Bildung as cultivation. I )] TJ ET BT 34.016 178.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(find that problematic, for Bildung literally translated means education, and although one would hope that )] TJ ET BT 34.016 163.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(someone who is educated is also cultivated, that doesn?t necessarily follow. Moreover, it seems reasonable )] TJ ET BT 34.016 149.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(that Gadamer meant education, for during the Second World War a proper education couldn?t be guaranteed )] TJ ET BT 34.016 135.461 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(in Germany because of the extensive bombings, teachers becoming soldiers, etc. and the provision of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 121.205 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(education thus had to be rebuilt after the war.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 94.949 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Finally, Rosenfeld deals with Hannah Arendt, like Gadamer a former student of Heidegger. According to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 80.693 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Rosenfeld, Arendt?s answer to the question why democracy hadn?t prevented the totalitarianism of Hitler )] TJ ET BT 34.016 66.437 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and Stalin and the barbarism of the Second World War is the failure to cultivate common sense, as found in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 52.181 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(New England town meetings. I agree with Arendt, for there must have been a good reason why Hitler )] TJ ET endstream endobj 21 0 obj [19 0 R /Fit] endobj 22 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 23 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 140.3117 500.5255 154.3037 512.4055 ] >> endobj 23 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 24 0 obj [19 0 R /Fit] endobj 25 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 26 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 292.9757 374.4775 306.9677 386.3575 ] >> endobj 26 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 27 0 obj [19 0 R /Fit] endobj 28 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 29 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 509.2997 345.9655 523.2917 357.8455 ] >> endobj 29 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 30 0 obj [19 0 R /Fit] endobj 31 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 32 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 81.6797 331.7095 95.6717 343.5895 ] >> endobj 32 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 33 0 obj [19 0 R /Fit] endobj 34 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 35 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 515.9477 331.7095 529.9397 343.5895 ] >> endobj 35 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 36 0 obj [19 0 R /Fit] endobj 37 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 38 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 73.6757 303.1975 87.6677 315.0775 ] >> endobj 38 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 39 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 41 0 R 43 0 R 45 0 R 47 0 R 49 0 R 51 0 R 53 0 R 55 0 R 57 0 R ] /Contents 40 0 R >> endobj 40 0 obj << /Length 8750 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(ordered the )] TJ ET BT 91.328 796.469 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Gleichschaltung)] TJ ET BT 169.988 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( ?referring to the different legal measures taken by the Nazi government after )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Hitler took power as chancellor of Germany to ensure collective adherence to the Nazi doctrine ? which )] TJ ET BT 34.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(prevented the discussion of different opinions typical of town meetings. Rosenfeld ends her book by )] TJ ET BT 34.016 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(pointing out that in contemporary politics common sense is used mainly by right wing politicians and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 739.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(explains this by its recurrence to simple solutions. She, however, also emphasizes, and I agree with her, that )] TJ ET BT 34.016 725.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(in today?s world simplicity, although desired by so many different people, might not be enough to master )] TJ ET BT 34.016 710.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(our increasingly complex world. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 684.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(As an overall evaluation of the book I would say that it is eloquently written and deals with an enormous )] TJ ET BT 34.016 670.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(amount of primary and secondary literature, including many references to popular journals, magazines, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 656.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(pamphlets and even plays. In her book Rosenfeld points out the diverse ways common sense has been used )] TJ ET BT 34.016 641.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(throughout history and also what common sense actually stands for. Her endeavour has been unique, since )] TJ ET BT 34.016 627.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the different political implications and usages of common sense have not been dealt with before. Moreover, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 613.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(with her volume she puts the salience of common sense to the political forefront ? something which one )] TJ ET BT 34.016 599.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(wouldn?t have guessed considering the simplicity of common sense. As common sense has been ridiculed )] TJ ET BT 34.016 584.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and hasn?t been taken seriously by many philosophers, this book might partially rectify the status of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 570.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(common sense and its importance for at least political endeavours.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 544.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(One drawback of the book might be that not all philosophers who can be considered common sense )] TJ ET BT 34.016 530.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(philosophers are covered by Rosenfeld?s book. However, this would have been impossible to accomplish )] TJ ET BT 34.016 515.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and not conducive to her main end and project ? besides it might be a matter of controversy who falls under )] TJ ET BT 34.016 501.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(that concept. Another drawback could be that there are quite some French quotes which are not translated )] TJ ET BT 34.016 487.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(into English. There are also 14 pages of pieces of art, title pages, etc. depicting common sense in its various )] TJ ET BT 34.016 473.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(guises with no explicit reference to it in the main text of the book. Though there are some explanations )] TJ ET BT 34.016 458.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(underneath the respective pieces and although it is laudable to have them enclosed, the reader might be a bit )] TJ ET BT 34.016 444.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(puzzled to have them in the middle of the book without any kind of reference to them in the main text. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 430.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Moreover, it seems strange that in the acknowledgments the author states that Einstein had something )] TJ ET BT 34.016 416.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(intriguing to say about common sense without mentioning Einstein in the main text at all. I was really )] TJ ET BT 34.016 401.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(curious what he actually said! But these are only minor misgivings. In general, it was a real pleasure reading )] TJ ET BT 34.016 387.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the book and there is much to learn from it. With regard to the audience for this book, I would recommend it )] TJ ET BT 34.016 373.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(to experts in the field of history of philosophy and political theory, but advanced graduate students might )] TJ ET BT 34.016 359.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(also profit from it since it is written in such a way that everyone can understand it. One might even go so far )] TJ ET BT 34.016 344.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(as to say that anyone who is interested in history, philosophy, and politics would find this book a great read.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 309.891 Td /F3 18.0 Tf [(Notes)] TJ ET BT 48.816 279.274 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(1.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 279.269 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(M. Ledwig, )] TJ ET BT 123.344 279.269 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Common Sense: Its History, Method, and Applicability)] TJ ET BT 386.660 279.269 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(New York, NY, 2007\), chapter )] TJ ET BT 64.016 265.013 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(five.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 85.676 265.013 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(1\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 85.676 263.619 m 139.664 263.619 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 48.816 250.762 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(2.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 250.757 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(S. A. Grave, )] TJ ET BT 126.668 250.757 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The Scottish Philosophy of Common Sense)] TJ ET BT 331.664 250.757 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(Oxford, 1960\), pp. 2?4.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 451.640 250.757 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(2\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 451.640 249.363 m 505.628 249.363 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 48.816 236.506 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(3.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 236.501 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(K. Ameriks, ?A commonsense Kant??, in )] TJ ET BT 266.312 236.501 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Proceedings and Addresses of The American Philosophical )] TJ ET BT 64.016 222.245 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Association)] TJ ET BT 120.020 222.245 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(,)] TJ ET BT 126.020 222.245 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(ed. W. E. Mann, 79, 2 \(2005\), 19?45, 19.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 323.324 222.245 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(3\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 323.324 220.851 m 377.312 220.851 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 48.816 207.994 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(4.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 207.989 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(I. Kant, )] TJ ET BT 103.340 207.989 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Immanuel Kant?s Critique of Pure Reason)] TJ ET BT 308.336 207.989 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, translated by N. Kemp Smith \(London, 1976\), )] TJ ET BT 64.016 193.733 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(B61.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 87.020 193.733 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(4\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 87.020 192.339 m 141.008 192.339 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 48.816 179.482 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(5.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 179.477 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(G. di Giovanni \(1998\), ?Hume, Jacobi, and common sense: an episode in the reception of Hume in )] TJ ET BT 64.016 165.221 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Germany at the time of Kant?, )] TJ ET BT 212.984 165.221 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Kant-Studien)] TJ ET BT 276.320 165.221 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(,)] TJ ET BT 282.320 165.221 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(89 \(1998\), 44?58, 47, 53.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 403.640 165.221 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(5\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 403.640 163.827 m 457.628 163.827 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 48.816 150.970 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(6.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 150.965 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(I. Kant, )] TJ ET BT 103.340 150.965 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Kants Werke)] TJ ET BT 164.996 150.965 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, vol. 8 \(Berlin, 1968\).)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 272.324 150.965 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(6\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 272.324 149.571 m 326.312 149.571 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 48.816 136.714 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(7.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 136.709 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Ledwig, chapter three.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 171.980 136.709 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(7\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 171.980 135.315 m 225.968 135.315 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 110.453 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Other reviews:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 96.197 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Wall Street Journal)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 34.016 81.941 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://online.wsj.com/article/SB10001424052748703806304576245832880905992.html)] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.016 80.547 m 458.372 80.547 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 461.372 81.941 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([2])] TJ ET BT 34.016 67.685 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Page 99 Test)] 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