%PDF-1.3 1 0 obj << /Type /Catalog /Outlines 2 0 R /Pages 3 0 R >> endobj 2 0 obj << /Type /Outlines /Count 0 >> endobj 3 0 obj << /Type /Pages /Kids [6 0 R 20 0 R 22 0 R 27 0 R ] /Count 4 /Resources << /ProcSet 4 0 R /Font << /F1 8 0 R /F2 9 0 R /F3 10 0 R >> /XObject << /I1 11 0 R >> >> /MediaBox [0.000 0.000 595.280 841.890] >> endobj 4 0 obj [/PDF /Text /ImageC ] endobj 5 0 obj << /Creator (DOMPDF) /CreationDate (D:20140826081706+01'00') /ModDate (D:20140826081706+01'00') /Title (Imperial Heights: Dalat and the Making and Undoing of French Indochina) >> endobj 6 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 12 0 R 15 0 R 18 0 R ] /Contents 7 0 R >> endobj 7 0 obj << /Length 4751 >> stream q 381.750 0 0 120.000 34.016 687.874 cm /I1 Do Q 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Published on )] TJ ET BT 99.356 676.469 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Reviews in History)] TJ ET BT 190.016 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \()] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 197.012 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 197.012 675.075 m 357.332 675.075 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 357.332 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\))] TJ ET 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.391 653.743 526.499 1.500 re S BT 34.016 615.321 Td /F3 18.0 Tf [(Imperial Heights: Dalat and the Making and Undoing of French )] TJ ET BT 34.016 593.937 Td /F3 18.0 Tf [(Indochina)] TJ ET BT 34.016 266.195 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(After lagging behind the field of British imperial studies, in the last decade the historiography of the French )] TJ ET BT 34.016 251.939 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(colonial empire has become an increasingly dynamic and rich field. Since the completion of his doctoral )] TJ ET BT 34.016 237.683 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(dissertation and its subsequent publication as )] TJ ET BT 253.340 237.683 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Vichy in the Tropics: Petain's National Revolution in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 223.427 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Madagascar, Guadeloupe, and Indochina, 1940?44)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 285.992 223.427 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(1\))] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 285.992 222.033 m 299.984 222.033 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 299.984 223.427 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, Professor Eric Jennings of the University of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 209.171 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Toronto has been one of the most prominent scholars of a new French imperial history. As with his 2006 )] TJ ET BT 34.016 194.915 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Curing the Colonizers: Hydrotherapy, Climatology, and French Colonial Spas)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 415.688 194.915 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(2\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 415.688 193.521 m 429.680 193.521 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 429.680 194.915 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, his recent )] TJ ET BT 485.000 194.915 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Imperial )] TJ ET BT 34.016 180.659 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Heights: Dalat and the Making and Undoing of French Indochina)] TJ ET BT 351.656 180.659 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( confirms his position as a leader in the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 166.403 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(field of critical studies of the French colonial empire. While )] TJ ET BT 324.968 166.403 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Imperial Heights)] TJ ET BT 406.628 166.403 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( focuses very specifically on )] TJ ET BT 34.016 152.147 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the French-built colonial hill station in Dalat, Vietnam, a wide variety of readers will find much of interest in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 137.891 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(this book. This is because Jennings makes excellent use of the Dalat case study as a prism to explore the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 123.635 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(themes of medicine, labor, race, gender, politics, leisure, and power in the colonial encounter. With )] TJ ET BT 34.016 109.379 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(meticulous primary research and a strong command of the secondary literature, the book persuasively argues )] TJ ET BT 34.016 95.123 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(that all of the central processes, practices, and ideologies of empire came together amongst the pine trees, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 80.867 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(cool lakes, and mountain air of this remote outpost of Frenchness in the southern Vietnamese highlands.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 54.611 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The average reader may be forgiven for pleading ignorance as to the location of Dalat. Laying about 100 )] TJ ET BT 34.016 563.315 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Review Number:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 549.059 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(1146)] TJ ET BT 34.016 534.803 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publish date:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 520.547 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Saturday, 1 October, 2011)] TJ ET BT 34.016 506.291 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Author:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 492.035 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Eric Jennings)] TJ ET BT 34.016 477.779 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(ISBN:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 463.523 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(9780520266599)] TJ ET BT 34.016 449.267 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Date of Publication:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 435.011 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(2011)] TJ ET BT 34.016 420.755 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Price:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 406.499 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(34.95)] TJ ET BT 34.016 392.243 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Pages:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 377.987 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(320pp.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 363.731 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publisher:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 349.475 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(University of California Press)] TJ ET BT 34.016 335.219 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Place of Publication:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 320.963 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Berkeley, CA)] TJ ET BT 34.016 306.707 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Reviewer:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 292.451 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Michael Vann)] TJ ET endstream endobj 8 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F1 /BaseFont /Times-Roman /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 9 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F2 /BaseFont /Times-Italic /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 10 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F3 /BaseFont /Times-Bold /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 11 0 obj << /Type /XObject /Subtype /Image /Width 509 /Height 160 /Filter /FlateDecode /DecodeParms << /Predictor 15 /Colors 3 /Columns 509 /BitsPerComponent 8>> /Mask [ 255 255 255 255 255 255 ] /ColorSpace /DeviceRGB /BitsPerComponent 8 /Length 3280>> stream x[EQ㎦fVttҒ +3O{?lGDQԯDrB^.ϯ%~'0۠/2>0AG_>0j0GCfE67>rB^}@  !&y+r?INp:erc b8f=rQC!~-Wf^^zF[)G 2ޯe7V_Go3Ke GEGOo8rώ#\1ZY~N6^H}yLxS-!:412V+u\-LSO?xVvZ|GjǮT_8EYJF=Tw^ 7GxfN/S:Ʌ~ʟtt?5n÷J'JcF-GVξx{rO~tJd;#a\7}|~y'>}c2C vR}f׈**h.)_&@pfzjsx:5;S\vKhM5j=!Cn+h"u]a EUN]jn=k<,:Ք>sU!ni~6EJ)¦72?G}[y}_vc$t?iSܟ2Zݞ,VN?_`='RFK1A2qv&X_lLRWY'%:I㢖zb_UEx\>&ɆBˏ~K@ \gYØU4}$8Dv!'Q'*+Εj(UCGo[#< 2Ja(sZi9fZKE Rn`u\9r^Zmɯ׹}mstO4uc~#'jEvۼ Dx[z ޏQ4KL5,5u3>i^uÒ-53ba ~,~/pyt1fMU'CVm:qv~=Y'Es"WsφG?l_kN5}],Ow7 uh`xƫ?zMl7ٻv$A(4Dl(wwH} ?=[=S;yC]^BK>㕪9`Z'Wj;E|:bf>kCԘ#RY,iv쵗~}n'"1u" *uO΄/2^Sxr(!/DD\~mJyZ!MmrA!#u[if|99WB WΡpp}w}sh#,\ &:%˳X?D3 %W0cC?o̲^} F3XLVn]Cߖiϧ!7}yZJ#P7]=)7Ρp;>> Ye^xx{Oafw{ ;>4gfLt ʊ:q%#r/)pv!O4wGh|dS ӣݽހ-gVUC'pBxrB^} 7JA^} /'8!`:r?}}],X  }6y!`/~Br?}Q< >k7vx"] ,' .3jn{-i}|~%-};b6#U)7繎kiEw 㤳:E}[޼c"rꬊ7Dc$~"/Y&zSd:tFȌCrʙ`7u .#[-<)j ?TGS(j~oTup(hjU4PlJ=}|it.ҽ@\wʨuXÞZcx18Wo<~ikOg,ވ\^?EneyZcc0[R١z|zv7_m:_n]a?osS3~j^ hD.a_X'KfBX6w wݶ"Oa:,bvhrWH[uCF-Xfc}>x+Rz)2N-B 7y^٨;[/vg? | |2Sve}=o䑰j[vWjF0{굦?VI~}xM(_TlG__+]:#к?S} c>GŸD7 !w{S{B =x7a?oE#)+Gz:o_4Q<;n?\tt7?mGCџQGu4kņOF>F?#} hP&ђߴM#u!.СtL2^#o nIk_i.~7tr@n 1P~3?.[]=S5b߮~Yo^HFH YBi8a4iom>CKgMy*;?zqEӕ` >zB9iFzC?XF?ޟIܰ펉A}{I5ᄊx%ez#Mp@rߎpi]IOVjzuJt\۰f׺u5><,J~PTJp1)}){9N {!`/> endstream endobj 12 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 13 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 197.0117 675.3895 357.3317 687.2695 ] >> endobj 13 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews) >> endobj 14 0 obj [6 0 R /Fit] endobj 15 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 16 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 285.9917 222.3475 299.9837 234.2275 ] >> endobj 16 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 17 0 obj [6 0 R /Fit] endobj 18 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 19 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 415.6877 193.8355 429.6797 205.7155 ] >> endobj 19 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 20 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Contents 21 0 R >> endobj 21 0 obj << /Length 7676 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(miles northeast of present day Ho Chi Minh City in the highlands of the Lang Bian Plateau, Dalat?s )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(elevation ensures much cooler temperatures than the tropical lowlands of the Mekong Delta and Vietnam?s )] TJ ET BT 34.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(coastal regions on the South China Sea. Following the logic of early 20th?century colonial medicine that )] TJ ET BT 34.016 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(held tropical climates as the source of many diseases, French administrators hatched a plan to develop a city )] TJ ET BT 34.016 739.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(that would offer a respite from the torrid and allegedly unhealthy lowlands. As a hill station, Dalat would )] TJ ET BT 34.016 725.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(allow fragile European bodies to regain some of their vigor lost to the murderously steamy Saigon. That the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 710.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(region was sparsely populated by stateless ethnic minority groups and distant from the conquered )] TJ ET BT 34.016 696.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Vietnamese population, offered a further benefit for the white colonial elite. Dalat was to be a site of white )] TJ ET BT 34.016 682.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(privilege and comfort, serving both a medical purpose and a symbolic function in the maintenance of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 668.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(colonial white supremacy. Yet, Dalat was never as successful as similar colonial highland retreats such as )] TJ ET BT 34.016 653.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(British Simla in India and Dutch Bogor in Java. As Jennings clearly details, the French faced numerous )] TJ ET BT 34.016 639.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(obstacles in building this hill station and it took a few decades for the project to gain traction and attract )] TJ ET BT 34.016 625.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(significant numbers. However, by the late 1920s the colonizers had created a decidedly French social space )] TJ ET BT 34.016 611.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(that served as a site of convalescence, leisure, education, and piety. That said, the Second World War )] TJ ET BT 34.016 596.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(induced a number of dramatic crises that unraveled both the colonial hill station and eventually French )] TJ ET BT 34.016 582.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Indochina as a whole.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 556.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(In 14 brief chapters Jennings paints a portrait of the French imperial project as beset by paradoxes, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 542.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(contradictions, and ambiguities. Most striking is the un-reconciled incongruity of the white colonizers? over-)] TJ ET BT 34.016 527.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(whelming military, economic, and political powers with the construction of the white European body as )] TJ ET BT 34.016 513.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(inherently vulnerable in the tropical empire. But this is just the first of many colonial oddities that the author )] TJ ET BT 34.016 499.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(illustrates for us. Medical justifications for the hill station did not stand up to contemporary scientific )] TJ ET BT 34.016 485.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(knowledge. The violence of certain French explorers made a mockery of the empire?s famous ?civilizing )] TJ ET BT 34.016 470.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(mission?, as did the use of forced labor from both ethnic Vietnamese and highlanders. The need for cheap )] TJ ET BT 34.016 456.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(local labor made it impossible to establish the desired racial exclusivity. The rise of a wealthy class of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 442.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Vietnamese further eroded racial barriers. Missionaries used the region as a monastic retreat rather than a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 428.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(center of conversion. The technocratic dreams of professional urban planners exceeded the limited economic )] TJ ET BT 34.016 413.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(realities of the colonial budget. Finally, the symbolism of Dalat as a space of white power made it a target )] TJ ET BT 34.016 399.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(for Vietminh attacks, including a bloody ambush and a series of assassinations during the war for national )] TJ ET BT 34.016 385.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(liberation. Perhaps the greatest irony is that post-colonial Vietnamese elites from Emperor Bao Dai and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 371.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(President Diem to Saigon-cum-Ho Chi Minh City?s entrepreneurial classes who benefitted from the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 356.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(economic stimulus of the American war and the Doi Moi ?renovation? of the communist system have )] TJ ET BT 34.016 342.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(adopted the colonial era resort as their own. Today the city founded by French trying to escape the weather )] TJ ET BT 34.016 328.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and people of Saigon is dominated by a local tourist industry that promotes an atmosphere of romance and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 314.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(idealized honeymoons. According to Jennings, contemporary Dalat elides the brutal colonial realties of its )] TJ ET BT 34.016 299.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(past in favor of a timeless fantasy-land of colonial kitsch and questionable taste \(seen best in the Wild West-)] TJ ET BT 34.016 285.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(themed businesses\). Dividing his book into these 14 thematic and relatively short chapters, each containing )] TJ ET BT 34.016 271.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(numerous sub-sections of a few paragraphs to a few pages, Jennings guides us through the complex and, at )] TJ ET BT 34.016 256.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(times, quixotic narrative of the life of Dalat. While this strategy allows the book to consider a wide variety )] TJ ET BT 34.016 242.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of avenues of inquiry \(including a few dead ends\), some readers may feel jostled about as pages shift from )] TJ ET BT 34.016 228.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(topic to topic. That said, the book has a clear coherence and significance beyond the essential focus on Dalat. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 214.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The relatively large number of chapters and sub-sections represents Jennings? attempt to understand the city )] TJ ET BT 34.016 199.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(from a variety of angles, each adding different perspectives to the nature of this elusive subject.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 173.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(As stated above, the book?s central thesis lies in the paradoxical power and vulnerability of the white )] TJ ET BT 34.016 159.461 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(colonial community. As such the opening two chapters consider first the high white mortality rates of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 145.205 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(19th?century colonies, especially French Indochina, and then the subsequent unnecessarily violent quests to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 130.949 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(find a refuge above the allegedly murderous lowlands. Right away, Jennings gives us this contrast between a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 116.693 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(French community afraid of not just the people but the very land and air that had been recently conquered )] TJ ET BT 34.016 102.437 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and the French willingness and ability to seize more territory by force. In particular, chapter two presents )] TJ ET BT 34.016 88.181 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Captain Victor Adrien Debay?s murderous rampage during his mission to find a fitting site for an alternative )] TJ ET BT 34.016 73.925 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(hill station. Racing against Dr. Alexandre Yersin and his pet project in Dalat, Debray threatened, terrorized, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 59.669 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(beat, and even murdered a number of his Vietnamese and highlander servants, troops, and porters and as )] TJ ET endstream endobj 22 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 25 0 R ] /Contents 23 0 R >> endobj 23 0 obj << /Length 7816 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(well as the local inhabitants he encountered on his trek. The chapter not only details his individual crimes )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(but situates them in the larger context of colonial violence where white colonizers were not held to account )] TJ ET BT 34.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(for crimes against the bodies of colonized Asians, Africans, and Pacific Islanders. This chapter should dispel )] TJ ET BT 34.016 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(any romantic, nostalgic, or apologetic visions of empire that might still be cherished in some quarters.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 727.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The next chapter considers the conventional wisdom of early 20th-century medicine and theories of tropical )] TJ ET BT 34.016 713.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(diseases and the need to find refuge in altitude. Despite some contrarian voices, the official and popular )] TJ ET BT 34.016 698.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(consensus held that the cooler temperatures of the highlands would revive depleted white bodies. Jennings )] TJ ET BT 34.016 684.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(suggests a racist benefit in that Dalat was also a refuge from the Vietnamese population of the lowlands. One )] TJ ET BT 34.016 670.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of the first developments in Dalat was a retreat for French sailors. The book?s illustrations show )] TJ ET BT 34.016 656.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(iconography from the time period with images of naval personnel enjoying the alpine retreat far, far above )] TJ ET BT 34.016 641.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(sea level. Other civilian projects soon followed. Importantly, Jennings notes that Dalat?s medical function )] TJ ET BT 34.016 627.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(may be reconsidered as a pretext to create a site of white privilege and pampering. Arguing for the need to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 613.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(preserve the fragile European body from the dangers of the tropical climate, the hill station?s luxuries, soon )] TJ ET BT 34.016 599.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(seen in the construction of numerous large villas and the Palace Hotel, were deemed medical necessities. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 584.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The subsequent chapter on the actual building of the hotels, villas, roads, and railways contrasts white )] TJ ET BT 34.016 570.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(leisure with the brutal conditions of non-white labor. Describing a variety of strategies, including forced, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 556.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(coerced, corve, and wage labor, Jennings? portrait of the making of Dalat reads like a study of a second era )] TJ ET BT 34.016 542.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of slavery with both Vietnamese and ethnic minority communities trapped in a racially structured labor )] TJ ET BT 34.016 527.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(system. One source describes how the local community remembered the building of the road to Dalat in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 513.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(tragic songs of exhausting, if not murderous, forced labor. The lyrics struck this reviewer as hauntingly )] TJ ET BT 34.016 499.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(reminiscent of Negro spirituals and field hollers from the American south. The chapter also discusses the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 485.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(degrading practice of Vietnamese porters carrying French patients on their backs up the steep mountains )] TJ ET BT 34.016 470.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(before the roads were complete. This contrast between the white and non-white experiences of Dalat is an )] TJ ET BT 34.016 456.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(excellent contribution to the study of the colonial encounter.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 430.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Once the hill station is built, the book then spends several chapters examining various aspects of high )] TJ ET BT 34.016 416.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(colonial Dalat. In a discussion of the various pastimes available to the white colonizer, Jennings shows how )] TJ ET BT 34.016 401.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(hiking, relaxing, and hunting were forms of displaying white colonial power. Stalking animals was a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 387.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(particularly important ritual in the pageant of empire not just in Dalat but throughout the wider colonial )] TJ ET BT 34.016 373.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(world. Revealing one of the many paradoxes of empire, the book also explores the boredom and discomfort )] TJ ET BT 34.016 359.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(many French colonists saw fit to gripe about in their memoirs and in popular writing. The following chapter )] TJ ET BT 34.016 344.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(explores the intellectual construction of the ?Montagnards?, the highland ethnic minority groups. Presenting )] TJ ET BT 34.016 330.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(a noble savage discourse, the analysis shows how the colonial economy marketed the indigenous population )] TJ ET BT 34.016 316.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(as part of the wild yet charming scenery of the destination. Jennings? discussion of the highlanders would )] TJ ET BT 34.016 302.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(have been helped by some consideration of James C. Scott?s most recent book, )] TJ ET BT 416.960 302.021 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The Art of Not Being )] TJ ET BT 34.016 287.765 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Government An Anarchist History of Upland Southeast Asia)] TJ ET BT 323.672 287.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 326.672 287.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(3\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 326.672 286.371 m 340.664 286.371 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 340.664 287.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( Here, the paradigm-setting Yale scholar )] TJ ET BT 34.016 273.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(argues that the people of what he calls ?Zomia? \(the high altitude tribal communities that live in the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 259.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(mountains of Vietnam, Laos, Cambodia, Thailand, and Burma\) are not backwards folk from an earlier era of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 244.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(human development but rather are communities that chose the freedom of the hills over the state-controlled )] TJ ET BT 34.016 230.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(river valleys. Seeing them as rational anarchists and not as primitives would make for a fruitful comparison )] TJ ET BT 34.016 216.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(with the French colonial project?s emphasis on state control and enforced order. The next chapter describes )] TJ ET BT 34.016 202.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the various urban plans for Dalat, most of which were too grandiose for the limited municipal coffers and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 187.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(remained unfulfilled. One impressive example of Dalat?s growth was the construction of hundreds of villas )] TJ ET BT 34.016 173.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(in various French provincial styles. Many of these structures survive to this day as curious artifacts of the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 159.461 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(colonial era. Subsequent chapters cover the Dalat Palace Hotel, the experience of women and children in the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 145.205 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(city, and the French Catholic presence. An important chapter explores the Vietnamese in Dalat. Here we find )] TJ ET BT 34.016 130.949 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(yet another colonial contradiction. While the hill station was supposed to be an escape from the colonized )] TJ ET BT 34.016 116.693 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(population, there was always a substantial community of Vietnamese there as laborers. Later, as the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 102.437 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(indigenous bourgeoisie began to enjoy new wealth and acquired Western tastes, Dalat became a destination )] TJ ET BT 34.016 88.181 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(for elite Vietnamese tourists. Jennings described how this phenomenon challenged the colonial boundaries )] TJ ET BT 34.016 73.925 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of race and class, revealing contradictions inherent in the system.)] TJ ET endstream endobj 24 0 obj [22 0 R /Fit] endobj 25 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 26 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 326.6717 286.6855 340.6637 298.5655 ] >> endobj 26 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 27 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 29 0 R 31 0 R 33 0 R 35 0 R ] /Contents 28 0 R >> endobj 28 0 obj << /Length 6875 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 784.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The final three chapters capture various moments in the collapse of the French colonial project in Southeast )] TJ ET BT 34.016 770.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Asia. With the onset of the Second World War, Dalat again found itself in a paradox. While the fall of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 755.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(France in Europe and the relatively peaceful invasion of pro-Vichy Indochine by the Japanese military )] TJ ET BT 34.016 741.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(signaled a steady collapse of French power, Dalat enjoyed a level of importance it had never known before. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 727.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(This was due to the fact that an increasing number of French sought refuge from the Japanese in the isolated )] TJ ET BT 34.016 713.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(hill station. Thus, as the colony as a whole fell apart, Dalat became the center of French authority, such as it )] TJ ET BT 34.016 698.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(was. As the dust from the world war settled, the Vietnamese war for national liberation began and Dalat )] TJ ET BT 34.016 684.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(again assumed a level of importance because of its perceived of safety. Jennings describes how this )] TJ ET BT 34.016 670.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(perception proved illusory as the Vietminh specifically targeted Dalat for its symbolic value as a site of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 656.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(white colonial privilege. In this chapter the book?s otherwise meticulous research begins to break down. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 641.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(This is no fault of the author; rather it is an issue of archives in France and Vietnam that remained closed. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 627.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The penultimate chapter considers the various schemes to make Dalat the key to a non-communist political )] TJ ET BT 34.016 613.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(strategy. While Jennings gives us an important contribution to an often-neglected history, these failed )] TJ ET BT 34.016 599.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(projects read like an account of rearranging deck chairs on the )] TJ ET BT 335.588 599.141 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Titanic)] TJ ET BT 369.596 599.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(. The final chapter takes Dalat from the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 584.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(outbreak of war against the French in 1946, through the American War, and to the final moment of national )] TJ ET BT 34.016 570.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(unification in 1975. Continuing with the paradoxes of empire, here we learn of massacres and assassinations )] TJ ET BT 34.016 556.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(but also the city?s new role as a relocation center for Catholic refugees fleeing Communist rule. This brief )] TJ ET BT 34.016 542.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(chapter might have been helped by comparison with other brutal incidents in colonial endgames in Kenya )] TJ ET BT 34.016 527.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and Algeria. The book?s epilogue briefly contemplates Dalat in the context of what Panivong Noridr and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 513.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Penny Edwards have described as ?Indochic?, a kitschy and superficial nostalgia blissfully ignorant of the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 499.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(brutal realities of French colonial rule in Southeast Asia.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 473.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(In terms of its research, argument, and prose, )] TJ ET BT 253.628 473.093 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Imperial Heights)] TJ ET BT 335.288 473.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( is an excellent work and it is difficult to find )] TJ ET BT 34.016 458.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(much to criticize. Jennings does a much more sophisticated job at using race as a meaningful category of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 444.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(historical analysis than in his previous books. He weaves insightful discussions of the colonial construction )] TJ ET BT 34.016 430.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of race and the nature of racism in the empire throughout the majority of the monograph. In contrast, the use )] TJ ET BT 34.016 416.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of gender is neither as strong nor as consistent. Indeed, aside from a discussion of hunting the only sustained )] TJ ET BT 34.016 401.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(gender analysis is ghettoized into a chapter on women, children, and mixed race individuals. An analysis of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 387.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(white masculinity would help rectify this lacuna. Yet it must be said, that this is a very slight shortcoming )] TJ ET BT 34.016 373.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and only bears mentioning in contrast to the strong discussions of the theory and practice of race in the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 359.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(colonial encounter. As with his earlier publications, Jennings most recent book testifies to his prominent )] TJ ET BT 34.016 344.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(position in the field of French colonial history.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 309.891 Td /F3 18.0 Tf [(Notes)] TJ ET BT 48.816 279.274 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(1.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 279.269 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Eric Jennings, )] TJ ET BT 135.008 279.269 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Vichy in the Tropics: Petain's National Revolution in Madagascar, Guadeloupe, and )] TJ ET BT 64.016 265.013 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Indochina, 1940?44)] TJ ET BT 160.676 265.013 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(Palo Alto, CA, 2001\).)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 273.008 265.013 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(1\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 273.008 263.619 m 326.996 263.619 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 48.816 250.762 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(2.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 250.757 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Eric Jennings, )] TJ ET BT 135.008 250.757 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Curing the Colonizers: Hydrotherapy, Climatology, and French Colonial Spas)] TJ ET BT 64.016 236.501 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(Durham, NC, 2006\).)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 167.000 236.501 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(2\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 167.000 235.107 m 220.988 235.107 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 48.816 222.250 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(3.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 222.245 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(James C. Scott, )] TJ ET BT 141.020 222.245 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The Art of Not Being Governed: An Anarchist History of Upland Southeast Asia)] TJ ET BT 525.680 222.245 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(New )] TJ ET BT 64.016 207.989 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Haven, CT, 2009\).)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 153.668 207.989 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(3\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 153.668 206.595 m 207.656 206.595 l S 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.391 191.263 526.499 1.500 re S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 173.483 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Source URL:)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 104.672 173.483 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/review/1146)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 104.672 172.089 m 328.316 172.089 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 147.112 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Links:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 132.712 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([1] http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/item/7788)] TJ ET endstream endobj 29 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 30 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 273.0077 263.9335 326.9957 275.8135 ] >> endobj 30 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /GoTo /D 14 0 R >> endobj 31 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 32 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 166.9997 235.4215 220.9877 247.3015 ] >> endobj 32 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /GoTo /D 17 0 R >> endobj 33 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 34 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 153.6677 206.9095 207.6557 218.7895 ] >> endobj 34 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /GoTo /D 24 0 R >> endobj 35 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 36 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 104.6717 172.4035 328.3157 184.2835 ] >> endobj 36 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/review/1146) >> endobj xref 0 37 0000000000 65535 f 0000000008 00000 n 0000000073 00000 n 0000000119 00000 n 0000000342 00000 n 0000000379 00000 n 0000000573 00000 n 0000000669 00000 n 0000005472 00000 n 0000005581 00000 n 0000005691 00000 n 0000005800 00000 n 0000009361 00000 n 0000009489 00000 n 0000009573 00000 n 0000009602 00000 n 0000009730 00000 n 0000009766 00000 n 0000009795 00000 n 0000009923 00000 n 0000009959 00000 n 0000010024 00000 n 0000017753 00000 n 0000017837 00000 n 0000025706 00000 n 0000025736 00000 n 0000025864 00000 n 0000025900 00000 n 0000026005 00000 n 0000032933 00000 n 0000033061 00000 n 0000033116 00000 n 0000033244 00000 n 0000033299 00000 n 0000033427 00000 n 0000033482 00000 n 0000033610 00000 n trailer << /Size 37 /Root 1 0 R /Info 5 0 R >> startxref 33706 %%EOF