%PDF-1.3 1 0 obj << /Type /Catalog /Outlines 2 0 R /Pages 3 0 R >> endobj 2 0 obj << /Type /Outlines /Count 0 >> endobj 3 0 obj << /Type /Pages /Kids [6 0 R 14 0 R 19 0 R 26 0 R ] /Count 4 /Resources << /ProcSet 4 0 R /Font << /F1 8 0 R /F2 9 0 R /F3 10 0 R >> /XObject << /I1 11 0 R >> >> /MediaBox [0.000 0.000 595.280 841.890] >> endobj 4 0 obj [/PDF /Text /ImageC ] endobj 5 0 obj << /Creator (DOMPDF) /CreationDate (D:20140728094300+01'00') /ModDate (D:20140728094300+01'00') /Title (The Debate on the Crusades, 1099-2010 \(Issues in Historiography\)) >> endobj 6 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 12 0 R ] /Contents 7 0 R >> endobj 7 0 obj << /Length 4232 >> stream q 381.750 0 0 120.000 34.016 687.874 cm /I1 Do Q 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Published on )] TJ ET BT 99.356 676.469 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Reviews in History)] TJ ET BT 190.016 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \()] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 197.012 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 197.012 675.075 m 357.332 675.075 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 357.332 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\))] TJ ET 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.391 653.743 526.499 1.500 re S BT 34.016 615.321 Td /F3 18.0 Tf [(The Debate on the Crusades, 1099-2010 \(Issues in Historiography\))] TJ ET BT 34.016 287.579 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The writing of history ? any history ? is shaped by the intellectual environment in which it is written, and by )] TJ ET BT 34.016 273.323 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the preoccupations of its writers. As Christopher Tyerman acknowledges in his prefatory remarks, ?writing )] TJ ET BT 34.016 259.067 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(history is not a neutral revelation but a malleable, personal, contingent, cultural activity? \(p. xi\). The purpose )] TJ ET BT 34.016 244.811 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of )] TJ ET BT 47.012 244.811 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The Debate on the Crusades)] TJ ET BT 183.668 244.811 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( is to provide an overview of how the crusades have been interpreted by )] TJ ET BT 34.016 230.555 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(successive generations of western European \(and, latterly, North American\) historical commentators since )] TJ ET BT 34.016 216.299 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the time of the First Crusade. For nine centuries crusading history has been continuously and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 202.043 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(anachronistically reinterpreted to expound the \(often spiritual\) preoccupations of later observers. This )] TJ ET BT 34.016 187.787 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(welcome study investigates the ?umbilical link? between current events and the writing of crusade history )] TJ ET BT 34.016 173.531 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(p. 39\).)] TJ ET BT 34.016 147.275 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The nature of this study pre-determined that Tyerman adopt a chronological, diachronic approach to the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 133.019 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(evidence rather than a structural one. He begins by making some comments on medieval interpretations of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 118.763 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the crusade beginning with the First Crusade \(1095?9\), before charting the trajectory of scholarly opinions )] TJ ET BT 34.016 104.507 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(on the crusades through the Reformation and the Enlightenment, through the increasingly critical scholarship )] TJ ET BT 34.016 90.251 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of the 18th and 19th centuries. The final chapters assess the state of modern crusade studies. It would be )] TJ ET BT 34.016 75.995 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(impossible to investigate comprehensively how the crusades have been treated in historical writing in these )] TJ ET BT 34.016 61.739 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(nine centuries in a single volume. The impact of the crusades permeated the culture of Western Europe so )] TJ ET BT 34.016 584.699 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Review Number:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 570.443 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(1153)] TJ ET BT 34.016 556.187 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publish date:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 541.931 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Saturday, 1 October, 2011)] TJ ET BT 34.016 527.675 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Author:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 513.419 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Christopher Tyerman)] TJ ET BT 34.016 499.163 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(ISBN:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 484.907 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(9780719073212)] TJ ET BT 34.016 470.651 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Date of Publication:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 456.395 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(2011)] TJ ET BT 34.016 442.139 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Price:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 427.883 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(15.99)] TJ ET BT 34.016 413.627 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Pages:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 399.371 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(256pp.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 385.115 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publisher:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 370.859 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Manchester University Press)] TJ ET BT 34.016 356.603 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Place of Publication:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 342.347 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Manchester)] TJ ET BT 34.016 328.091 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Reviewer:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 313.835 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Simon John)] TJ ET endstream endobj 8 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F1 /BaseFont /Times-Roman /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 9 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F2 /BaseFont /Times-Italic /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 10 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F3 /BaseFont /Times-Bold /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 11 0 obj << /Type /XObject /Subtype /Image /Width 509 /Height 160 /Filter /FlateDecode /DecodeParms << /Predictor 15 /Colors 3 /Columns 509 /BitsPerComponent 8>> /Mask [ 255 255 255 255 255 255 ] /ColorSpace /DeviceRGB /BitsPerComponent 8 /Length 3280>> stream x[EQ㎦fVttҒ +3O{?lGDQԯDrB^.ϯ%~'0۠/2>0AG_>0j0GCfE67>rB^}@  !&y+r?INp:erc b8f=rQC!~-Wf^^zF[)G 2ޯe7V_Go3Ke GEGOo8rώ#\1ZY~N6^H}yLxS-!:412V+u\-LSO?xVvZ|GjǮT_8EYJF=Tw^ 7GxfN/S:Ʌ~ʟtt?5n÷J'JcF-GVξx{rO~tJd;#a\7}|~y'>}c2C vR}f׈**h.)_&@pfzjsx:5;S\vKhM5j=!Cn+h"u]a EUN]jn=k<,:Ք>sU!ni~6EJ)¦72?G}[y}_vc$t?iSܟ2Zݞ,VN?_`='RFK1A2qv&X_lLRWY'%:I㢖zb_UEx\>&ɆBˏ~K@ \gYØU4}$8Dv!'Q'*+Εj(UCGo[#< 2Ja(sZi9fZKE Rn`u\9r^Zmɯ׹}mstO4uc~#'jEvۼ Dx[z ޏQ4KL5,5u3>i^uÒ-53ba ~,~/pyt1fMU'CVm:qv~=Y'Es"WsφG?l_kN5}],Ow7 uh`xƫ?zMl7ٻv$A(4Dl(wwH} ?=[=S;yC]^BK>㕪9`Z'Wj;E|:bf>kCԘ#RY,iv쵗~}n'"1u" *uO΄/2^Sxr(!/DD\~mJyZ!MmrA!#u[if|99WB WΡpp}w}sh#,\ &:%˳X?D3 %W0cC?o̲^} F3XLVn]Cߖiϧ!7}yZJ#P7]=)7Ρp;>> Ye^xx{Oafw{ ;>4gfLt ʊ:q%#r/)pv!O4wGh|dS ӣݽހ-gVUC'pBxrB^} 7JA^} /'8!`:r?}}],X  }6y!`/~Br?}Q< >k7vx"] ,' .3jn{-i}|~%-};b6#U)7繎kiEw 㤳:E}[޼c"rꬊ7Dc$~"/Y&zSd:tFȌCrʙ`7u .#[-<)j ?TGS(j~oTup(hjU4PlJ=}|it.ҽ@\wʨuXÞZcx18Wo<~ikOg,ވ\^?EneyZcc0[R١z|zv7_m:_n]a?osS3~j^ hD.a_X'KfBX6w wݶ"Oa:,bvhrWH[uCF-Xfc}>x+Rz)2N-B 7y^٨;[/vg? | |2Sve}=o䑰j[vWjF0{굦?VI~}xM(_TlG__+]:#к?S} c>GŸD7 !w{S{B =x7a?oE#)+Gz:o_4Q<;n?\tt7?mGCџQGu4kņOF>F?#} hP&ђߴM#u!.СtL2^#o nIk_i.~7tr@n 1P~3?.[]=S5b߮~Yo^HFH YBi8a4iom>CKgMy*;?zqEӕ` >zB9iFzC?XF?ޟIܰ펉A}{I5ᄊx%ez#Mp@rߎpi]IOVjzuJt\۰f׺u5><,J~PTJp1)}){9N {!`/> endstream endobj 12 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 13 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 197.0117 675.3895 357.3317 687.2695 ] >> endobj 13 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews) >> endobj 14 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 17 0 R ] /Contents 15 0 R >> endobj 15 0 obj << /Length 7995 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(very deeply that the printed outcome of such a scholarly enterprise would come closer to filling a library )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(than it would a book. Tyerman has therefore set the scope of this enquiry carefully to ensure that his task is )] TJ ET BT 34.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(manageable.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 741.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The most significant limitation of scope here is the decision to concentrate on developments in historical )] TJ ET BT 34.016 727.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(writing from the 16th century onwards. It is to be severely regretted that his chapter dealing with historical )] TJ ET BT 34.016 713.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(writing on the crusades carried out between 1100 and 1500 is limited to only 25 pages. Admittedly much )] TJ ET BT 34.016 698.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(recent scholarly work has been carried out on the origin, authorship and function of medieval histories of the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 684.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(crusades.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 78.332 684.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(1\))] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 78.332 683.283 m 92.324 683.283 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 92.324 684.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( Yet this chapter, brief though it is, represents such a learned and insightful assessment of this )] TJ ET BT 34.016 670.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(critical phase in the evolution of crusade historiography that were it to be expanded to a full-length study, it )] TJ ET BT 34.016 656.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(would represent a major contribution to crusade scholarship. This somewhat bold statement can be upheld )] TJ ET BT 34.016 641.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(by discussing Tyerman?s approach to the early 12th-century Latin eyewitness chronicles of the First )] TJ ET BT 34.016 627.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Crusade. Some scholars regard texts such as the anonymous )] TJ ET BT 325.304 627.653 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Gesta Francorum)] TJ ET BT 410.960 627.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(c.1101\) as a simple record of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 613.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(what actually happened on the First Crusade. Tyerman though is of the views that none of these earliest of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 599.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(crusade histories can be regarded by scholars even in part as ?mere recitation of events?. Instead, they should )] TJ ET BT 34.016 584.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(be treated in their entirety as ?essays in interpretation? \(p. 8\). Tyerman?s comments here demonstrate that he )] TJ ET BT 34.016 570.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(is at the forefront of current thinking on modern scholarship regarding the earliest written histories of the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 556.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(First Crusade. Undoubtedly there is much more he could have said on medieval historical writing on the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 542.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(crusades that would have been of value to modern scholarship.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 515.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Tyerman?s first chapter also includes a brief survey of the vernacular literature and oral traditions that grew )] TJ ET BT 34.016 501.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(up around the crusades in the Middle Ages \(pp.12?15\). We know that in these centuries a significant level of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 487.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(information concerning the crusades diffused through the Christian world in vernacular texts, including)] TJ ET BT 34.016 473.093 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(chansons de geste)] TJ ET BT 120.668 473.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( and Old French prose histories. Scholars who venture into research on these texts \(and it )] TJ ET BT 34.016 458.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(is to be hoped that many will\) should find Tyerman?s sage comments here a useful starting point.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 432.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Chapters two through seven form the spine of this book, charting how the crusades were treated in historical )] TJ ET BT 34.016 418.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(writing between 1500 and about 1950. It is with the commencement of the second chapter that )] TJ ET BT 490.280 418.325 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The Debate )] TJ ET BT 34.016 404.069 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(on the Crusades)] TJ ET BT 112.016 404.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( comes into its own as a substantial contribution to our understanding of crusade )] TJ ET BT 34.016 389.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(historiography. In these chapters Tyerman carries out an elaborate study of contributions made to historical )] TJ ET BT 34.016 375.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(writing on the crusades made by a long line of historians, writers and authors, including, among many )] TJ ET BT 34.016 361.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(others, John Foxe, Jacques Bongars, Thomas Fuller, Voltaire, Edward Gibbon, Heinrich von Sybel, Joseph-)] TJ ET BT 34.016 347.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Franois Michaud, Paul Riant, Heinrich Hagenmeyer, Ren Grousset, Joshua Prawer and R. C. Smail. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 332.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Perhaps the most enduring testament to the influence of these men upon crusade historiography is that many )] TJ ET BT 34.016 318.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of their names can still be found in the bibliographies of modern academic work on the crusades. Tyerman )] TJ ET BT 34.016 304.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(charts the genesis and development of the study of crusade history as an increasingly professional )] TJ ET BT 34.016 290.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(intellectual discipline. He weaves a complex story, tracking the fluctuating impact of a range of cultural and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 275.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(social influences, including various incarnations of Protestantism, nationalism and colonialism. Tyerman )] TJ ET BT 34.016 261.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(maintains a lucid and stimulating exposition on how the history of the crusades was written through these )] TJ ET BT 34.016 247.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(centuries. This is no mean feat.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 220.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Tyerman identifies the publication of critical editions of primary sources of crusade texts as key milestones )] TJ ET BT 34.016 206.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(in the development of crusade historiography. Jacques Bongars? 1611 compendium of crusade texts is )] TJ ET BT 34.016 192.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(argued here to be ?the most significant single contribution towards providing the foundations for crusade )] TJ ET BT 34.016 178.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(history before the nineteenth century? \(p. 45\). He also discusses the )] TJ ET BT 361.616 178.229 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Recueil des historiens des croisades)] TJ ET BT 534.932 178.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 163.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(multi-volume collection of printed editions of crusade produced in Paris by the Acadmie des Inscriptions et )] TJ ET BT 34.016 149.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Belles-Lettres between 1844 and 1906. The impact of the publication of this series upon scholarship on the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 135.461 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(crusades requires little exposition here. The volumes of the )] TJ ET BT 320.636 135.461 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Receuil)] TJ ET BT 356.624 135.461 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( continue to adorn the shelves of libraries )] TJ ET BT 34.016 121.205 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(throughout the world, while the familiar abbreviation )] TJ ET BT 292.652 121.205 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(RHC)] TJ ET BT 316.652 121.205 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( has featured in the critical apparatus of every )] TJ ET BT 34.016 106.949 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(serious academic treatment of the crusades written since this landmark series was published. Despite its )] TJ ET BT 34.016 92.693 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(flaws \(of which there are many\), Tyerman rightly deems the )] TJ ET BT 326.276 92.693 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Receuil)] TJ ET BT 362.264 92.693 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( ?indispensible? for historical writing on )] TJ ET BT 34.016 78.437 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the crusades \(p. 143\).)] TJ ET BT 34.016 52.181 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Undergraduates in particular will be especially interested in chapters seven and eight, which deal with )] TJ ET endstream endobj 16 0 obj [14 0 R /Fit] endobj 17 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 18 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 78.3317 683.5975 92.3237 695.4775 ] >> endobj 18 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 19 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 22 0 R 24 0 R ] /Contents 20 0 R >> endobj 20 0 obj << /Length 7494 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(historical treatments of the crusades from the 20th century to the present day. It is likely that much of the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(material here will be mined during the composition of historiographical essays. The seventh chapter )] TJ ET BT 34.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(commences with a close analysis of Carl Erdmann?s seminal 1932 study on crusading motivation. Tyerman )] TJ ET BT 34.016 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(makes plain the significance of Erdmann?s revolutionary contribution to crusade scholarship. He even )] TJ ET BT 34.016 739.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(manages to say something of Erdmann?s detractors, considering the ideas of scholars including Louis )] TJ ET BT 34.016 725.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Brhier and John Gilchrist. Tyerman then considers the work of Steven Runciman, whose three-volume )] TJ ET BT 34.016 710.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(largely narrative histories \(1951?4\) played a key role in shaping how Anglophone scholars understand the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 696.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(crusades long after its conclusion. Tyerman?s dissection of Runciman?s work exposes its many flaws )] TJ ET BT 34.016 682.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(p.192?9\), while making it clear why it has nonetheless been so influential.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 656.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Tyerman lastly appraises current historical writing on the crusade. The first portion of this appraisal is a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 641.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(response to a study published in 2001 by Giles Constable, who suggested that modern crusade historians )] TJ ET BT 34.016 627.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(could be divided into four groups.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 197.336 627.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(2\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 197.336 626.259 m 211.328 626.259 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 211.328 627.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( While it is not necessary to rehearse Constable?s schema here, except )] TJ ET BT 34.016 613.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(to say that Tyerman subjects its ?inherently artificial? divisions to considerable scrutiny, finding only )] TJ ET BT 34.016 599.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(limitations rather than anything of use \(pp. 225?8\). For Tyerman, the Constable schema is an overly )] TJ ET BT 34.016 584.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(simplistic solution to a far more complicated problem.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 558.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Tyerman?s treatment of the career of the renowned crusade scholar Jonathan Riley-Smith may be to the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 544.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(chagrin of some. Few would argue that Riley-Smith has had anything other than a huge impact on modern )] TJ ET BT 34.016 530.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(crusade historiography. His )] TJ ET BT 169.328 530.117 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The First Crusade and the Idea of Crusading)] TJ ET BT 386.336 530.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(1986\), for example, is still a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 515.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(standard work on many aspects of study on early crusading. However, Tyerman simply gives an overview of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 501.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Riley-Smith?s approach to crusade history, rather than make specific comments on any of his publications, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 487.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(references to which are relegated to the critical apparatus. Moreover, while Riley-Smith?s own research has )] TJ ET BT 34.016 473.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(been hugely significant, many of his pupils have also made profound contributions to modern crusade )] TJ ET BT 34.016 458.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(studies. At one point Tyerman speaks of a school of crusade scholarship that developed at Cambridge and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 444.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(London, though it is left unsaid that Riley-Smith spent much of his career in these two places \(p. 229\). )] TJ ET BT 34.016 430.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Others might have been content to describe this network of scholars as the ?Riley-Smith? school. Tyerman is )] TJ ET BT 34.016 416.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(also at pains to highlight the influence of other British schools of study on the crusades, citing other clusters )] TJ ET BT 34.016 401.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of prominent scholars based at places such as Oxford and Nottingham. This eighth chapter may thus leave )] TJ ET BT 34.016 387.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(some readers feeling that Riley-Smith?s influence on crusade studies has been underplayed.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 361.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Curiously, while Tyerman does cite some of his own publications in the critical apparatus, they go )] TJ ET BT 34.016 347.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(unmentioned in the text itself. The result is that information on important work such as his provocative )] TJ ET BT 34.016 332.789 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The Invention of the Crusades)] TJ ET BT 178.676 332.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(1998\) has to be mined out of the notes. Few with any knowledge of modern )] TJ ET BT 34.016 318.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(crusade historiography would have levelled the charged of immodesty at Tyerman had he discussed his own )] TJ ET BT 34.016 304.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(contributions to modern historiography of the crusades. Yet, Tyerman?s selection of material and choice of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 290.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(focus cannot be criticised too strongly. He was charged to provide his interpretation of crusade )] TJ ET BT 34.016 275.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(historiography, and this he has done. Other scholars are welcome to offer their own.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 249.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(This study will undoubtedly be of interest to those whose interest in the crusades is casual. Its greatest use, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 235.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(however, will be to those who are engaged in professional academic research on the crusades. It is an )] TJ ET BT 34.016 220.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(accessible survey of the development of an often controversial field of historical study over nine centuries. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 206.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Tyerman?s prodigious command of the English language is here deployed to full effect. His prose is never )] TJ ET BT 34.016 192.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(anything other than compelling and often exhilarating. He has a remarkable capacity for forming well-)] TJ ET BT 34.016 178.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(wrought sentences which convey his meaning perfectly without so much as a syllable out of place. It is to be )] TJ ET BT 34.016 163.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(hoped that the publication of this book will precipitate further investigation into the very significant subject )] TJ ET BT 34.016 149.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of how the crusades have been presented in historical record. Those that do embark on research in this vein )] TJ ET BT 34.016 135.461 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(will find that in )] TJ ET BT 111.356 135.461 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The Debate on the Crusades)] TJ ET BT 248.012 135.461 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( they have an indispensible point of entry.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 100.563 Td /F3 18.0 Tf [(Notes)] TJ ET BT 48.816 69.946 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(1.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 69.941 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(See, for instance, Jean Flori, )] TJ ET BT 203.324 69.941 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Chroniqueurs et propagandistes: introduction critique aux sources de la )] TJ ET BT 64.016 55.685 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(premire croisade)] TJ ET BT 151.664 55.685 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(Geneva, 2010\).)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 232.304 55.685 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(1\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 232.304 54.291 m 286.292 54.291 l S endstream endobj 21 0 obj [19 0 R /Fit] endobj 22 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 23 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 197.3357 626.5735 211.3277 638.4535 ] >> endobj 23 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 24 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 25 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 232.3037 54.6055 286.2917 66.4855 ] >> endobj 25 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /GoTo /D 16 0 R >> endobj 26 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 28 0 R 30 0 R ] /Contents 27 0 R >> endobj 27 0 obj << /Length 1206 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 48.816 796.474 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(2.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Giles Constable, ?The historiography of the crusades?, in )] TJ ET BT 341.972 796.469 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The Crusades from the Perspective of )] TJ ET BT 64.016 782.213 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Byzantium and the Muslim World)] TJ ET BT 225.344 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, ed. Angeliki E. Laiou and Roy Parviz Mottahedeh \(Washington, )] TJ ET BT 64.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(2001\), pp. 1?22.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 142.340 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(2\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 142.340 766.563 m 196.328 766.563 l S 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.391 751.231 526.499 1.500 re S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 733.451 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Source URL:)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 104.672 733.451 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/review/1153)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 104.672 732.057 m 328.316 732.057 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 707.080 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Links:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 692.680 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([1] http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/item/7796)] TJ ET endstream endobj 28 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 29 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 142.3397 766.8775 196.3277 778.7575 ] >> endobj 29 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /GoTo /D 21 0 R >> endobj 30 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 31 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 104.6717 732.3715 328.3157 744.2515 ] >> endobj 31 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/review/1153) >> endobj xref 0 32 0000000000 65535 f 0000000008 00000 n 0000000073 00000 n 0000000119 00000 n 0000000342 00000 n 0000000379 00000 n 0000000569 00000 n 0000000651 00000 n 0000004935 00000 n 0000005044 00000 n 0000005154 00000 n 0000005263 00000 n 0000008824 00000 n 0000008952 00000 n 0000009036 00000 n 0000009120 00000 n 0000017168 00000 n 0000017198 00000 n 0000017324 00000 n 0000017360 00000 n 0000017451 00000 n 0000024998 00000 n 0000025028 00000 n 0000025156 00000 n 0000025192 00000 n 0000025318 00000 n 0000025373 00000 n 0000025464 00000 n 0000026723 00000 n 0000026851 00000 n 0000026906 00000 n 0000027034 00000 n trailer << /Size 32 /Root 1 0 R /Info 5 0 R >> startxref 27130 %%EOF