%PDF-1.3 1 0 obj << /Type /Catalog /Outlines 2 0 R /Pages 3 0 R >> endobj 2 0 obj << /Type /Outlines /Count 0 >> endobj 3 0 obj << /Type /Pages /Kids [6 0 R 14 0 R 22 0 R 27 0 R 29 0 R 72 0 R ] /Count 6 /Resources << /ProcSet 4 0 R /Font << /F1 8 0 R /F2 9 0 R /F3 10 0 R >> /XObject << /I1 11 0 R >> >> /MediaBox [0.000 0.000 595.280 841.890] >> endobj 4 0 obj [/PDF /Text /ImageC ] endobj 5 0 obj << /Creator (DOMPDF) /CreationDate (D:20150418092944+01'00') /ModDate (D:20150418092944+01'00') /Title (The Taste of War: World War Two and the Battle for Food) >> endobj 6 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 12 0 R ] /Contents 7 0 R >> endobj 7 0 obj << /Length 4312 >> stream q 381.750 0 0 120.000 34.016 687.874 cm /I1 Do Q 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Published on )] TJ ET BT 99.356 676.469 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Reviews in History)] TJ ET BT 190.016 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \()] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 197.012 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 197.012 675.075 m 357.332 675.075 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 357.332 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\))] TJ ET 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.391 653.743 526.499 1.500 re S BT 34.016 615.321 Td /F3 18.0 Tf [(The Taste of War: World War Two and the Battle for Food)] TJ ET BT 34.016 287.579 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The May/June 2011 issue of )] TJ ET BT 173.000 287.579 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Foreign Policy)] TJ ET BT 245.324 287.579 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( magazine was designated 'The Food Issue'. In the lead article, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 273.323 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [('The new geopolitics of food', Lester R. Brown writes, 'From the Middle East to Madagascar, high prices are )] TJ ET BT 34.016 259.067 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(spawning land grabs and ousting dictators. Welcome to the 21st-century food wars'. Lizzie Collingham ends )] TJ ET BT 34.016 244.811 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(her new book on a similar note: 'The optimistic post-[World War Two] period when food was abundant and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 230.555 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(cheap appears to be drawing to a close and it seems likely that in the future food will become increasingly )] TJ ET BT 34.016 216.299 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(scarce and expensive' \(p. 501\). Indeed, as Lester Brown writes, 'food is the new oil'.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 190.043 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The Taste of War: World War Two and the Battle for Food)] TJ ET BT 317.024 190.043 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( traces the paths that led from the worldwide )] TJ ET BT 34.016 175.787 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(agricultural depression in the 1930s, to the Second World War, through to the post-war economic recovery )] TJ ET BT 34.016 161.531 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(that ended in prosperity and plenty throughout the developed world. It asks what happened when the global )] TJ ET BT 34.016 147.275 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(food economy of the 1920s and 1930s met the greatest destructive force it has ever come up against, and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 133.019 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(how the pieces were put back together in the decades after war's end. Collingham's compelling argument )] TJ ET BT 34.016 118.763 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(about the centrality of food in the Second World War is important and deserves attention for its own sake. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 104.507 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Through her interpretation of the role that food played in the lead up to, and the conduct of war, Collingham )] TJ ET BT 34.016 90.251 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(adds a new dimension to our understanding about the origins of the war and why it unfolded as it did. But )] TJ ET BT 34.016 75.995 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the relevance of this long and tragic historical episode ? the financially-troubled world economy; the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 61.739 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(problems of a globalized food system; national isolationist ideologies and protectionist tariffs; the great )] TJ ET BT 34.016 584.699 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Review Number:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 570.443 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(1158)] TJ ET BT 34.016 556.187 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publish date:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 541.931 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Tuesday, 1 November, 2011)] TJ ET BT 34.016 527.675 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Author:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 513.419 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Lizzie Collingham)] TJ ET BT 34.016 499.163 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(ISBN:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 484.907 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(9780713999648)] TJ ET BT 34.016 470.651 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Date of Publication:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 456.395 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(2011)] TJ ET BT 34.016 442.139 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Price:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 427.883 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(30.00)] TJ ET BT 34.016 413.627 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Pages:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 399.371 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(656pp.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 385.115 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publisher:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 370.859 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Allen Lane)] TJ ET BT 34.016 356.603 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Place of Publication:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 342.347 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(London)] TJ ET BT 34.016 328.091 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Reviewer:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 313.835 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Kyri Claflin)] TJ ET endstream endobj 8 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F1 /BaseFont /Times-Roman /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 9 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F2 /BaseFont /Times-Italic /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 10 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F3 /BaseFont /Times-Bold /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 11 0 obj << /Type /XObject /Subtype /Image /Width 509 /Height 160 /Filter /FlateDecode /DecodeParms << /Predictor 15 /Colors 3 /Columns 509 /BitsPerComponent 8>> /Mask [ 255 255 255 255 255 255 ] /ColorSpace /DeviceRGB /BitsPerComponent 8 /Length 3280>> stream x[EQ㎦fVttҒ +3O{?lGDQԯDrB^.ϯ%~'0۠/2>0AG_>0j0GCfE67>rB^}@  !&y+r?INp:erc b8f=rQC!~-Wf^^zF[)G 2ޯe7V_Go3Ke GEGOo8rώ#\1ZY~N6^H}yLxS-!:412V+u\-LSO?xVvZ|GjǮT_8EYJF=Tw^ 7GxfN/S:Ʌ~ʟtt?5n÷J'JcF-GVξx{rO~tJd;#a\7}|~y'>}c2C vR}f׈**h.)_&@pfzjsx:5;S\vKhM5j=!Cn+h"u]a EUN]jn=k<,:Ք>sU!ni~6EJ)¦72?G}[y}_vc$t?iSܟ2Zݞ,VN?_`='RFK1A2qv&X_lLRWY'%:I㢖zb_UEx\>&ɆBˏ~K@ \gYØU4}$8Dv!'Q'*+Εj(UCGo[#< 2Ja(sZi9fZKE Rn`u\9r^Zmɯ׹}mstO4uc~#'jEvۼ Dx[z ޏQ4KL5,5u3>i^uÒ-53ba ~,~/pyt1fMU'CVm:qv~=Y'Es"WsφG?l_kN5}],Ow7 uh`xƫ?zMl7ٻv$A(4Dl(wwH} ?=[=S;yC]^BK>㕪9`Z'Wj;E|:bf>kCԘ#RY,iv쵗~}n'"1u" *uO΄/2^Sxr(!/DD\~mJyZ!MmrA!#u[if|99WB WΡpp}w}sh#,\ &:%˳X?D3 %W0cC?o̲^} F3XLVn]Cߖiϧ!7}yZJ#P7]=)7Ρp;>> Ye^xx{Oafw{ ;>4gfLt ʊ:q%#r/)pv!O4wGh|dS ӣݽހ-gVUC'pBxrB^} 7JA^} /'8!`:r?}}],X  }6y!`/~Br?}Q< >k7vx"] ,' .3jn{-i}|~%-};b6#U)7繎kiEw 㤳:E}[޼c"rꬊ7Dc$~"/Y&zSd:tFȌCrʙ`7u .#[-<)j ?TGS(j~oTup(hjU4PlJ=}|it.ҽ@\wʨuXÞZcx18Wo<~ikOg,ވ\^?EneyZcc0[R١z|zv7_m:_n]a?osS3~j^ hD.a_X'KfBX6w wݶ"Oa:,bvhrWH[uCF-Xfc}>x+Rz)2N-B 7y^٨;[/vg? | |2Sve}=o䑰j[vWjF0{굦?VI~}xM(_TlG__+]:#к?S} c>GŸD7 !w{S{B =x7a?oE#)+Gz:o_4Q<;n?\tt7?mGCџQGu4kņOF>F?#} hP&ђߴM#u!.СtL2^#o nIk_i.~7tr@n 1P~3?.[]=S5b߮~Yo^HFH YBi8a4iom>CKgMy*;?zqEӕ` >zB9iFzC?XF?ޟIܰ펉A}{I5ᄊx%ez#Mp@rߎpi]IOVjzuJt\۰f׺u5><,J~PTJp1)}){9N {!`/> endstream endobj 12 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 13 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 197.0117 675.3895 357.3317 687.2695 ] >> endobj 13 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews) >> endobj 14 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 17 0 R 20 0 R ] /Contents 15 0 R >> endobj 15 0 obj << /Length 7883 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(disparities in wealth and resources between powerful industrial nations and all the rest ? and its parallels )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(with our contemporary global competition for access to food and water resources provide an additional )] TJ ET BT 34.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(reason to look back to the most dramatic episode to date of how food served as a catalyst for world-wide )] TJ ET BT 34.016 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(political and military conflict. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 727.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(It is not without irony that I am writing a review of )] TJ ET BT 281.996 727.445 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The Taste of War)] TJ ET BT 365.000 727.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(. When I was applying to graduate )] TJ ET BT 34.016 713.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(school to study modern history in the early 1990s with the objective of researching food in the World Wars, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 698.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the head of one of the history departments that I was considering said flatly that there was no such thing. No )] TJ ET BT 34.016 684.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(history to be written on the subject of food and war? \(I received a warm welcome in the history department )] TJ ET BT 34.016 670.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(at another university\).)] TJ ET BT 34.016 644.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(It is not likely that I would get a similar reaction in 2011. Today, food is a legitimate subject of academic )] TJ ET BT 34.016 629.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(inquiry and it is used as a lens or conceptual framework for diverse analyses in history and the social )] TJ ET BT 34.016 615.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(sciences. Political history is not hegemonic, social and cultural history are here for the long haul, and it is )] TJ ET BT 34.016 601.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(within these sub-fields that the history of food has flourished. There are peer-review journals devoted to food )] TJ ET BT 34.016 587.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(studies and food history articles are found across the spectrum of other journals in a wide variety of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 572.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(disciplines. Moreover, the general public has become increasingly engaged in questions about today's global )] TJ ET BT 34.016 558.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(food economy and, as a result, is interested in the role of food in history.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 382.304 558.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(1\))] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 382.304 557.235 m 396.296 557.235 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 532.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Collingham's book is an impressive exposition of a complex subject, written in her thoroughly engaging )] TJ ET BT 34.016 518.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(prose style that readers may know from her earlier books. She asks 'Who was well fed during the war, who )] TJ ET BT 34.016 503.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(was hungry, who starved to death, and why?' She goes further to discover the long-term consequences for )] TJ ET BT 34.016 489.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(global food availability, and for the many different food cultures that were touched by the war. The book is )] TJ ET BT 34.016 475.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(divided into four parts: 1\) ?Food ? an engine of war?; 2\) ?The battle for food?; 3\) ?The politics of food?; and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 461.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(4\) ?The aftermath'. The book concentrates on America, Britain, Germany, Japan, and the Soviet Union, but )] TJ ET BT 34.016 446.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Italy, Australia, China, India, Greece, and Poland are among the other countries and regions that are )] TJ ET BT 34.016 432.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(introduced at crucial junctures as examples of the ways that the Second World War affected food economies, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 418.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the war effort, and people's lives across the globe.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 392.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(None of the primary combatant nations emerge looking very good. Parts of the story may be unsettling to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 377.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Americans who call this 'the Good War' as well as to folks enjoying the current wave of celebratory )] TJ ET BT 34.016 363.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(nostalgia in Britain for reading about the foodways of wartime in books such as )] TJ ET BT 419.300 363.557 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The Ration Book Diet)] TJ ET BT 523.628 363.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 349.301 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Wartime Recipes)] TJ ET BT 115.664 349.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, and )] TJ ET BT 141.992 349.301 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Eating for Victory: Healthy Home Front Cooking on War Rations)] TJ ET BT 458.312 349.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 461.312 349.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(2\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 461.312 347.907 m 475.304 347.907 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 478.304 349.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(We witness the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 335.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(inhumanity of the war throughout the book. Collingham does not flinch in her explicit descriptions of what )] TJ ET BT 34.016 320.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(happens to bodies in the process of death by starvation, or of some of the darkest episodes of survival during )] TJ ET BT 34.016 306.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the siege of Leningrad \(while Communist party elites feasted on luxury foods\), or how scientists working for )] TJ ET BT 34.016 292.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(German government calculated food rations that would keep prisoner/slave laborers nourished just enough to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 278.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(work while also starving to death. While Collingham does not dress up the grim appearance of the dead )] TJ ET BT 34.016 263.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(bodies that fell along the roads during famine across Asia, neither does she provide these details for ghoulish )] TJ ET BT 34.016 249.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(interest; this is the reality of the desperation for food during war and why governments and individuals are )] TJ ET BT 34.016 235.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(capable of deviating a long way from behavioral norms to have control of it. Not only food but other vital )] TJ ET BT 34.016 220.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(necessities, such as bed covering, clothes, and shelter were affected by requisition, theft, and simple )] TJ ET BT 34.016 206.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(destruction, which meant that misery was rampant throughout much of Eastern Europe, the Soviet Union, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 192.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and Asia. Blockades, too, meant that civilian starvation in some occupied territories, such as Greece and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 178.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(China, was unavoidable collateral damage. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 151.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(In Britain, Germany, Italy, Japan, the Soviet Union, and the United States agricultural sectors were in tatters )] TJ ET BT 34.016 137.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(in the 1930s. The farms of the era were what the citizens of those countries today would without hesitation )] TJ ET BT 34.016 123.461 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(call primitive. 60 per cent of American farms were without electricity or running water; Germans farms )] TJ ET BT 34.016 109.205 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(lacked sewage connections; British farm houses had no electricity, gas or running water. Economic collapse )] TJ ET BT 34.016 94.949 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and severe droughts meant that black children in the American South, like farm children in Japan, regularly )] TJ ET BT 34.016 80.693 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(went to bed hungry. Farming was barely mechanized in the 1930s and much more crop land was required to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 66.437 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(feed a stable population than it is today; a growing population needed even more land to produce enough )] TJ ET BT 34.016 52.181 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(food. The economic collapse of 1929, followed by protectionist agricultural policies, demonstrated to the )] TJ ET endstream endobj 16 0 obj [14 0 R /Fit] endobj 17 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 18 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 382.3037 557.5495 396.2957 569.4295 ] >> endobj 18 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 19 0 obj [14 0 R /Fit] endobj 20 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 21 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 461.3117 348.2215 475.3037 360.1015 ] >> endobj 21 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 22 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 25 0 R ] /Contents 23 0 R >> endobj 23 0 obj << /Length 7549 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Japanese and German that a drive for self-sufficiency, autarky, in food was the only policy that would make )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(them more powerful nations. This thinking led the Nazi leadership to engineer the invasion of countries to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the East to obtain land that German farmers needed for agricultural expansion. The Italians' solution to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(increasing food production was to be found in colonizing parts of North Africa and the Middle East and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 739.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(sending Italian farmers to live there. Collingham details a parallel story about Japan and the Japanese )] TJ ET BT 34.016 725.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(leaders' dream of colonizing Korea and China for food production. In broad terms these goals were similar.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 698.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(By turning conquered territory into colonies, the aggressor nations, Germany, Italy, and Japan, could free )] TJ ET BT 34.016 684.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(themselves of Anglo-American \(particularly American\) domination and gather all the food resources they )] TJ ET BT 34.016 670.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(needed under their direct control. Each national leadership understood that the way to acquire the land they )] TJ ET BT 34.016 656.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(desired was to develop their own myth of manifest destiny, a rhetoric for public consumption of national )] TJ ET BT 34.016 641.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(expansion into empty land waiting to be cultivated. Each of these nations was dominated by political )] TJ ET BT 34.016 627.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(extremists with militaristic ambitions and driven by a determination to find new markets, new sources of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 613.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(fuels, new sources of food, and new sources of cheap labor. Collingham is careful in drawing parallels as )] TJ ET BT 34.016 599.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Germany, Italy and Japan conducted the pursuit of their goals differently. She considers both economic )] TJ ET BT 34.016 584.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(motivations \(which were similar\) as well as culturally-influenced behaviors \(which were different\).)] TJ ET BT 34.016 558.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Collingham draws on recent studies that put food at the center of the German motive for war. She argues that )] TJ ET BT 34.016 544.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(starvation was not \(simply or just\) a consequence of Nazi aggression, but a goal of war. )] TJ ET BT 457.268 544.373 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Lebensraum)] TJ ET BT 516.596 544.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( in the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 530.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(East meant that non-Germans had to be removed; starvation and outright murder were two effective ways to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 515.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(clear the space. The author brings attention to new work on a formerly unknown \(and even now relatively )] TJ ET BT 34.016 501.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(unknown\) bureaucrat behind the Nazi Hunger Plan, Herbert Backe, who in his ideas about Nordic racial )] TJ ET BT 34.016 487.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(purity was as radical a thinker as the more infamous Walther Darr. Backe's role in the highest echelons of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 473.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Nazi policy-making picked up as Darr's position was fading, yet he has been dismissed for decades by )] TJ ET BT 34.016 458.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(historians and there is no biography of him. Gesine Gerhard, who is currently at work on one, wrote in a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 444.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(recent article that 'Food politics, in fact, became genocidal politics under Backe'.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 420.932 444.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(3\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 420.932 443.187 m 434.924 443.187 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 434.924 444.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( Much of this research )] TJ ET BT 34.016 430.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(has been published in German and so may be new to many Anglophone readers.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 404.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Collingham is careful to stressthat while the atrocities committed by the German and Japanese troops appear )] TJ ET BT 34.016 389.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(much the same, one difference is that the Nazi leadership set policies to annihilate Jews and others; Japanese )] TJ ET BT 34.016 375.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(policy at the top was not about mass murder. Nonetheless, she writes, Japanese disregard for the indigenous )] TJ ET BT 34.016 361.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(populations in their path was just as ruthless in its results. The Japanese mismanaged the food supply in the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 347.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Asian and Southeast Asian territories under their control. For some Asian famines in this period we have no )] TJ ET BT 34.016 332.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(death tolls because no one kept track. Collingham writes that 'while the Japanese proved themselves to be )] TJ ET BT 34.016 318.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(remarkably successful at exporting chaos and hunger to their empire, they demonstrated an extraordinary )] TJ ET BT 34.016 304.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(inability to reap the benefits and maintain food imports to the home islands' \(p. 247\). Japanese soldiers )] TJ ET BT 34.016 290.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(started out as malnourished recruits from the countryside in the 1920s and 1930s, and they fared no better as )] TJ ET BT 34.016 275.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(troops in the field. They were usually sent out with utterly inadequate rations, forced to plunder and steal to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 261.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(survive. Collingham shows, however, that no matter the depth of the Japanese soldiers misery and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 247.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(malnutrition, they were indoctrinated by the national culture of patriotism and honor, and surrender was )] TJ ET BT 34.016 232.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(never an option.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 206.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Soviet troops survived on chance discoveries of supplies wherever they found themselves. With German )] TJ ET BT 34.016 192.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(soldiers doing the same \(and sending food and other supplies back to Germany\) in the territories being )] TJ ET BT 34.016 178.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(fought over and occupied by these two armies, it was not long before there was simply nothing left to eat in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 163.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(vast areas of Eastern Europe. Here, starving Russian soldiers, while they felt no loyalty to Stalin's regime, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 149.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(would not stop fighting because the alternative ? German occupation of their homeland ? was unthinkable. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 135.461 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Soviet citizens and soldiers who survived the war did so in spite of having less food than all of the other )] TJ ET BT 34.016 121.205 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(combatant nations save Japan. It is counter-intuitive that the devastating physical conditions that Soviet and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 106.949 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Japanese soldiers and civilians withstood did not cause them to revolt against the conduct of the war. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 92.693 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Collingham's insight is that when pushed to the brink of starvation, humans will not all behave similarly in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 78.437 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the interest of self-preservation. National cultural ideologies play a role in how people react to even the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 64.181 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(harshest deprivation.)] TJ ET endstream endobj 24 0 obj [22 0 R /Fit] endobj 25 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 26 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 420.9317 443.5015 434.9237 455.3815 ] >> endobj 26 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 27 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Contents 28 0 R >> endobj 28 0 obj << /Length 7474 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 784.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The United States was the only country that improved agriculturally during and after the war, resulting in an )] TJ ET BT 34.016 770.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(impressive capacity to produce food surpluses. This unique position translated into power in the wartime and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 755.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(post-war world. There was clear consensus within the US government on national priorities in terms of food )] TJ ET BT 34.016 741.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(supplies and a precise notion about where their allies fitted into the picture. American troops had far superior )] TJ ET BT 34.016 727.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(rations to all other soldiers. Civilians by and large experienced such wartime prosperity that, in spite of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 713.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(rationing, many Americans were eating better than ever. American plenty represented American greatness )] TJ ET BT 34.016 698.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and it was a symbol of what the troops were fighting for.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 672.677 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The Taste of War)] TJ ET BT 117.020 672.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( follows the complex relationship between Britain and the United States over the matter of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 658.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(food shipments. In examining these wartime relations through the lens of food, Collingham demonstrates )] TJ ET BT 34.016 644.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(that during the Battle of the Atlantic there were important factors other than German U-boat attacks )] TJ ET BT 34.016 629.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(threatening the British food supply. A significant rift resulted from American mistrust of British estimates )] TJ ET BT 34.016 615.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(for civilian food needs, and as a result the nation with the largest and most secure food resources to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 601.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(contribute to the war effort simply did not deliver the supplies they promised. She writes that regardless of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 587.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the immense importance of the Battle of the Atlantic in British rhetoric and imagination, the nation was )] TJ ET BT 34.016 572.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(never in danger of starvation, or even hunger, and takes issue with the Minister of Food Lord Woolton's )] TJ ET BT 34.016 558.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(memoirs relating that he managed the food supplies as to just narrowly avert disaster for the British people.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 532.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(With submarine warfare significantly reduced, Britain could turn to the Commonwealth for resources. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 518.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Australia, Canada, and New Zealand were second only to the United States in wartime food production. For )] TJ ET BT 34.016 503.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Britain's under-developed African and island colonial holdings, any benefits of wartime production were not )] TJ ET BT 34.016 489.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(spread evenly among the population. )] TJ ET BT 213.992 489.605 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The Taste of War)] TJ ET BT 296.996 489.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( propounds the argument that 'the war intensified the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 475.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(exploitative nature of colonialism' \(p. 120\). Collingham writes that 'Britain was never as ruthless as )] TJ ET BT 34.016 461.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Germany and Japan in its exploitation of its empire's resources, nor did it engage in deliberate acts of murder )] TJ ET BT 34.016 446.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(or dispossession, but its officials and politicians did act according to an unspoken food hierarchy which gave )] TJ ET BT 34.016 432.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the lowest priority to the needs of the empire's colonial inhabitants' \(p. 124\). In fact, much of this book is a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 418.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(story of how entitlement to food mattered to many groups of people during the war and why the examination )] TJ ET BT 34.016 404.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of entitlement reveals more about national ideology and culture than calculations about the amounts of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 389.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(foodstuffs that existed ? an argument developed by Amartya Sen with regard to the Bengal famine of 1942, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 375.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(during which three million Indians starved to death. Entitlement is a timely topic today too, as nations in the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 361.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(developed world with financial access to food supplies continue to have plenty, even as we see recurring )] TJ ET BT 34.016 347.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(famines across Africa and grain riots in the Middle East because of the powerlessness of the populations to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 332.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(control their access to food.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 306.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(In the early part of the book, Collingham deals primarily with bureaucracies and food production. Here she )] TJ ET BT 34.016 292.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(engages in social and economic analyses. Later in the book when discussing national systems of rationing )] TJ ET BT 34.016 278.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(there is good cultural analysis of differences between the goals and effects of food redistribution. She keeps )] TJ ET BT 34.016 263.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(politics in the forefront throughout, including sustained attention to the politics of class in wartime. Even in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 249.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Britain, where rationing made enormous improvements in working-class access to a healthy diet, working-)] TJ ET BT 34.016 235.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(class families were still at a disadvantage. Especially in urban areas, food was expensive and allotments for )] TJ ET BT 34.016 220.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(growing food were small. In America, wartime prosperity bypassed impoverished areas of the South, doing )] TJ ET BT 34.016 206.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(little to improve African-American inequality.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 180.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Collingham gives a remarkable inventory of the changes that foodstuffs and eating habits underwent directly )] TJ ET BT 34.016 166.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(as a result of war. Wartime technology and science produced a revolution in agricultural productivity and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 151.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(food processing. Importantly, 'the war acted as a powerful vehicle for spreading the American way of eating )] TJ ET BT 34.016 137.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(across the globe' \(p. 496\). She commands skilfully a vast amount of material and her weaving together of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 123.461 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(thematic story lines is well done. Her sources are wide ranging with both primary and secondary accounts. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 109.205 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Some of the audiences this book will reach ? a general readership as well as social and cultural historians ? )] TJ ET BT 34.016 94.949 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(will not be versed in the details of the impact of war on food on such a wide-ranging scale. If the book seems )] TJ ET BT 34.016 80.693 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(light on archival work, I don't think this constitutes a weakness, as Collingham's goal here seems to be to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 66.437 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(develop a largely synthetic work that brings together recent scholarship in a global social, economic, and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 52.181 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(cultural treatment of the centrality of food to the war. The project is in tune with the current interest in world )] TJ ET endstream endobj 29 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 32 0 R 34 0 R 36 0 R 38 0 R 40 0 R 42 0 R 44 0 R 46 0 R 48 0 R 50 0 R 52 0 R 54 0 R 56 0 R 58 0 R 60 0 R 62 0 R 64 0 R 66 0 R 68 0 R 70 0 R ] /Contents 30 0 R >> endobj 30 0 obj << /Length 8536 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(food history. The author uses numerous autobiographies and other personal accounts that strike the right )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(tone in reconstructing the wartime experience. The anecdotal at no point intrudes on the scholarly )] TJ ET BT 34.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(presentation of the narrative. The book's conclusion is actually an epilogue that continues decades into post-)] TJ ET BT 34.016 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(war world food culture and politics. This is a little bit of a shame, as I had hoped for more sustained analysis )] TJ ET BT 34.016 739.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(by way of conclusion, and other readers may wish to know from the beginning that Collingham's analytical )] TJ ET BT 34.016 725.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(moments are spread throughout the book.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 698.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Anthropologist Sidney Mintz has written that 'one of the abiding impressions one carries away from any )] TJ ET BT 34.016 684.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(serious reading of food history is of powerful forces for change, some natural or environmental, but many )] TJ ET BT 34.016 670.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(others of an economic or political kind, wearing away at old and massive food habits'.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 446.780 670.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(4\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 446.780 669.027 m 460.772 669.027 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 460.772 670.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( Collingham )] TJ ET BT 34.016 656.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(demonstrates that preparation for war and the war itself were just such forces in food cultures worldwide. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 641.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Changes from this period of history continue to have a heavy influence on what and how we eat today. It is )] TJ ET BT 34.016 627.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(right to ask whether we can take away any lessons to avert a battle for food in the future.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 592.755 Td /F3 18.0 Tf [(Notes)] TJ ET BT 48.816 562.138 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(1.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 562.133 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(For an in-depth look at food historiography, see )] TJ ET BT 296.324 562.133 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Writing Food History: A Global Approach)] TJ ET BT 501.320 562.133 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, ed. Kyri )] TJ ET BT 64.016 547.877 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(W. Claflin and Peter Scholliers \(London, forthcoming\).)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 330.320 547.877 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(1\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 330.320 546.483 m 384.308 546.483 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 48.816 533.626 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(2.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 533.621 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Wartime Recipes)] TJ ET BT 145.664 533.621 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, ed. D. Notley \(Norwich, 1998\). )] TJ ET BT 308.300 533.621 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Eating for Victory: Healthy Home Front Cooking )] TJ ET BT 64.016 519.365 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(on War Rations)] TJ ET BT 139.352 519.365 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(London, 2007\). M. Brown, C. Harris, C. J. Jackson, )] TJ ET BT 397.664 519.365 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The Ration Book Diet)] TJ ET BT 501.992 519.365 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(Stroud, )] TJ ET BT 64.016 505.109 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(2004\).)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 95.012 505.109 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(2\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 95.012 503.715 m 149.000 503.715 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 48.816 490.858 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(3.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 490.853 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(G. Gerhard, 'Food as a weapon: agricultural sciences and the building of a Greater German Empire', )] TJ ET BT 64.016 476.597 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Food, Culture & Society)] TJ ET BT 182.012 476.597 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, 14, 3 \(September 2011\), 342.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 328.328 476.597 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(3\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 328.328 475.203 m 382.316 475.203 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 48.816 462.346 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(4.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 462.341 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(S. W. Mintz, 'Food, culture and energy', in )] TJ ET BT 274.316 462.341 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Food and Globalization)] TJ ET BT 389.660 462.341 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, ed. A. Ntzenadel and F. )] TJ ET BT 64.016 448.085 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Trentmann \(Oxford, 2008\), p. 26.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 225.320 448.085 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(4\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 225.320 446.691 m 279.308 446.691 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 421.829 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The author will respond in due course.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 395.573 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Other reviews:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 381.317 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(New Statesman)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 34.016 367.061 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.newstatesman.com/books/2011/01/world-war-food-hunger-million)] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.016 365.667 m 412.652 365.667 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 415.652 367.061 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([2])] TJ ET BT 34.016 352.805 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Guardian)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 34.016 338.549 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.guardian.co.uk/books/2011/feb/05/war-food-lizzie-cunningham-review)] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.016 337.155 m 433.616 337.155 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 436.616 338.549 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([3])] TJ ET BT 34.016 324.293 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Telegraph)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 34.016 310.037 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.telegraph.co.uk/culture/books/bookreviews/8330511/The-Taste-of-War-World-War-Two-and-)] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.016 308.643 m 545.564 308.643 l S BT 34.016 295.781 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the-Battle-for-Food-by-Lizzie-Collingham-review.html)] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.016 294.387 m 300.308 294.387 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 303.308 295.781 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([4])] TJ ET BT 34.016 281.525 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(History Extra)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 34.016 267.269 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.historyextra.com/book-review/taste-war-world-war-two-and-battle-food)] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.016 265.875 m 437.924 265.875 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 440.924 267.269 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([5])] TJ ET BT 34.016 253.013 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Economist)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 34.016 238.757 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.economist.com/node/18060808)] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.016 237.363 m 242.684 237.363 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 245.684 238.757 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([6])] TJ ET BT 34.016 224.501 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Independent)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 34.016 210.245 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.independent.co.uk/arts-entertainment/books/reviews/the-taste-of-war-world-war-two-and-the-)] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.016 208.851 m 542.900 208.851 l S BT 34.016 195.989 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(battle-for-food-by-lizzie-collingham-2210904.html)] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.016 194.595 m 279.644 194.595 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 282.644 195.989 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([7])] TJ ET BT 34.016 181.733 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Mad Padre)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 34.016 167.477 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://madpadre.blogspot.com/2011/10/book-review-lizzie-collinghams-taste-of.html)] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.016 166.083 m 442.316 166.083 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 445.316 167.477 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([8])] TJ ET BT 34.016 153.221 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Total Politics)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 34.016 138.965 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.totalpolitics.com/life/156917/review-the-taste-of-war.thtml)] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.016 137.571 m 375.656 137.571 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 378.656 138.965 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([9])] TJ ET BT 34.016 124.709 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(British Food in America)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 34.016 110.453 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.britishfoodinamerica.com/The-Hardship-War-Austerity-Number-Part-2/the-critical/It-left-a-bad-)] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.016 109.059 m 555.896 109.059 l S BT 34.016 96.197 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(taste-The-Editor-considers-The-Taste-of-War-World-War-Two-and-the-Battle-for-Food-by-Lizzie-)] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.016 94.803 m 511.844 94.803 l S BT 34.016 81.941 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Collingham/)] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.016 80.547 m 94.028 80.547 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 97.028 81.941 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([10])] TJ ET BT 34.016 67.685 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Bloomberg)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 34.016 53.429 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.bloomberg.com/news/2011-02-01/mothers-turned-cannibal-as-hitler-wolfed-down-chocolates-)] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.016 52.035 m 545.924 52.035 l S BT 34.016 39.173 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(george-walden.html)] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.016 37.779 m 130.328 37.779 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 133.328 39.173 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([11])] TJ ET endstream endobj 31 0 obj [29 0 R /Fit] endobj 32 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 33 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 446.7797 669.3415 460.7717 681.2215 ] >> endobj 33 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 34 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 35 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 330.3197 546.7975 384.3077 558.6775 ] >> endobj 35 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /GoTo /D 16 0 R >> endobj 36 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 37 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 95.0117 504.0295 148.9997 515.9095 ] >> endobj 37 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /GoTo /D 19 0 R >> endobj 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