%PDF-1.3 1 0 obj << /Type /Catalog /Outlines 2 0 R /Pages 3 0 R >> endobj 2 0 obj << /Type /Outlines /Count 0 >> endobj 3 0 obj << /Type /Pages /Kids [6 0 R 14 0 R 16 0 R ] /Count 3 /Resources << /ProcSet 4 0 R /Font << /F1 8 0 R /F2 9 0 R /F3 10 0 R >> /XObject << /I1 11 0 R >> >> /MediaBox [0.000 0.000 595.280 841.890] >> endobj 4 0 obj [/PDF /Text /ImageC ] endobj 5 0 obj << /Creator (DOMPDF) /CreationDate (D:20141021061831+01'00') /ModDate (D:20141021061831+01'00') /Title (Bonds of Empire: West Indians and Britishness from Victoria to Decolonization) >> endobj 6 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 12 0 R ] /Contents 7 0 R >> endobj 7 0 obj << /Length 4147 >> stream q 381.750 0 0 120.000 34.016 687.874 cm /I1 Do Q 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Published on )] TJ ET BT 99.356 676.469 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Reviews in History)] TJ ET BT 190.016 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \()] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 197.012 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 197.012 675.075 m 357.332 675.075 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 357.332 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\))] TJ ET 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.391 653.743 526.499 1.500 re S BT 34.016 615.321 Td /F3 18.0 Tf [(Bonds of Empire: West Indians and Britishness from Victoria to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 593.937 Td /F3 18.0 Tf [(Decolonization)] TJ ET BT 34.016 266.195 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Why are so many West Indians who were born in the first half of the 20th century so enamoured with )] TJ ET BT 34.016 251.939 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Britain, British culture and its monarchy, even in the early 21st century? To someone born of part-Caribbean )] TJ ET BT 34.016 237.683 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(heritage in Britain after 1950, the nostalgia expressed for life under British rule not only seems to go against )] TJ ET BT 34.016 223.427 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the contemporary post-colonial grain, but also to be an uncomfortable matter of unrequited love. This feeling )] TJ ET BT 34.016 209.171 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(is never stronger than when reading the accounts of migrants to Britain in the 1950s and 1960s, and their )] TJ ET BT 34.016 194.915 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(shock and disappointment at their less-than-warm welcome to the ?Mother country?. There is a strange )] TJ ET BT 34.016 180.659 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(naivet \(always easy to judge in hindsight\) and charm to that long-gone world of decency and those high )] TJ ET BT 34.016 166.403 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(expectations of the British and their relations with their colonial subjects. As we all know everything was not )] TJ ET BT 34.016 152.147 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(as simple as painted. I was reminded of this recently when viewing E. R. Braithwaite?s screen adaptation of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 137.891 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(his book )] TJ ET BT 78.020 137.891 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(To Sir With Love)] TJ ET BT 159.692 137.891 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(. Sidney Poitier is dignified in the role of the young Guyanese teacher in the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 123.635 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(working class East End, dealing with white children infected with the racism of their times, yet recognising )] TJ ET BT 34.016 109.379 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(that this ?coloured man? \(one of the least offensive terms one can use from the film\) was not quite what they )] TJ ET BT 34.016 95.123 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(had expected, at least class-wise. As one of the schoolchildren in the movie exclaims, ?How come Sir you )] TJ ET BT 34.016 80.867 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(are a Toff? You speak like one, yet you seem similar to us!? Maybe that was meant as a compliment for the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 66.611 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(black teacher.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 563.315 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Review Number:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 549.059 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(1159)] TJ ET BT 34.016 534.803 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publish date:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 520.547 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Tuesday, 1 November, 2011)] TJ ET BT 34.016 506.291 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Author:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 492.035 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Anne Spry Rush)] TJ ET BT 34.016 477.779 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(ISBN:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 463.523 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(9780199588558)] TJ ET BT 34.016 449.267 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Date of Publication:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 435.011 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(2011)] TJ ET BT 34.016 420.755 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Price:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 406.499 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(55.00)] TJ ET BT 34.016 392.243 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Pages:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 377.987 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(288pp.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 363.731 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publisher:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 349.475 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Oxford University Press)] TJ ET BT 34.016 335.219 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Place of Publication:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 320.963 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Oxford)] TJ ET BT 34.016 306.707 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Reviewer:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 292.451 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Elizabeth Williams)] TJ ET endstream endobj 8 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F1 /BaseFont /Times-Roman /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 9 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F2 /BaseFont /Times-Italic /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 10 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F3 /BaseFont /Times-Bold /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 11 0 obj << /Type /XObject /Subtype /Image /Width 509 /Height 160 /Filter /FlateDecode /DecodeParms << /Predictor 15 /Colors 3 /Columns 509 /BitsPerComponent 8>> /Mask [ 255 255 255 255 255 255 ] /ColorSpace /DeviceRGB /BitsPerComponent 8 /Length 3280>> stream x[EQ㎦fVttҒ +3O{?lGDQԯDrB^.ϯ%~'0۠/2>0AG_>0j0GCfE67>rB^}@  !&y+r?INp:erc b8f=rQC!~-Wf^^zF[)G 2ޯe7V_Go3Ke GEGOo8rώ#\1ZY~N6^H}yLxS-!:412V+u\-LSO?xVvZ|GjǮT_8EYJF=Tw^ 7GxfN/S:Ʌ~ʟtt?5n÷J'JcF-GVξx{rO~tJd;#a\7}|~y'>}c2C vR}f׈**h.)_&@pfzjsx:5;S\vKhM5j=!Cn+h"u]a EUN]jn=k<,:Ք>sU!ni~6EJ)¦72?G}[y}_vc$t?iSܟ2Zݞ,VN?_`='RFK1A2qv&X_lLRWY'%:I㢖zb_UEx\>&ɆBˏ~K@ \gYØU4}$8Dv!'Q'*+Εj(UCGo[#< 2Ja(sZi9fZKE Rn`u\9r^Zmɯ׹}mstO4uc~#'jEvۼ Dx[z ޏQ4KL5,5u3>i^uÒ-53ba ~,~/pyt1fMU'CVm:qv~=Y'Es"WsφG?l_kN5}],Ow7 uh`xƫ?zMl7ٻv$A(4Dl(wwH} ?=[=S;yC]^BK>㕪9`Z'Wj;E|:bf>kCԘ#RY,iv쵗~}n'"1u" *uO΄/2^Sxr(!/DD\~mJyZ!MmrA!#u[if|99WB WΡpp}w}sh#,\ &:%˳X?D3 %W0cC?o̲^} F3XLVn]Cߖiϧ!7}yZJ#P7]=)7Ρp;>> Ye^xx{Oafw{ ;>4gfLt ʊ:q%#r/)pv!O4wGh|dS ӣݽހ-gVUC'pBxrB^} 7JA^} /'8!`:r?}}],X  }6y!`/~Br?}Q< >k7vx"] ,' .3jn{-i}|~%-};b6#U)7繎kiEw 㤳:E}[޼c"rꬊ7Dc$~"/Y&zSd:tFȌCrʙ`7u .#[-<)j ?TGS(j~oTup(hjU4PlJ=}|it.ҽ@\wʨuXÞZcx18Wo<~ikOg,ވ\^?EneyZcc0[R١z|zv7_m:_n]a?osS3~j^ hD.a_X'KfBX6w wݶ"Oa:,bvhrWH[uCF-Xfc}>x+Rz)2N-B 7y^٨;[/vg? | |2Sve}=o䑰j[vWjF0{굦?VI~}xM(_TlG__+]:#к?S} c>GŸD7 !w{S{B =x7a?oE#)+Gz:o_4Q<;n?\tt7?mGCџQGu4kņOF>F?#} hP&ђߴM#u!.СtL2^#o nIk_i.~7tr@n 1P~3?.[]=S5b߮~Yo^HFH YBi8a4iom>CKgMy*;?zqEӕ` >zB9iFzC?XF?ޟIܰ펉A}{I5ᄊx%ez#Mp@rߎpi]IOVjzuJt\۰f׺u5><,J~PTJp1)}){9N {!`/> endstream endobj 12 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 13 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 197.0117 675.3895 357.3317 687.2695 ] >> endobj 13 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews) >> endobj 14 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Contents 15 0 R >> endobj 15 0 obj << /Length 4318 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 784.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(This sense of vague affinity juxtaposed against an ideological post-colonial psychosis has been written about )] TJ ET BT 34.016 770.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(by cultural theorists like Stuart Hall and others. More recently Anne Spry Rush in )] TJ ET BT 429.644 770.213 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Bonds of Empire-West )] TJ ET BT 34.016 755.957 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Indians and Britishness from Victoria to Decolonization)] TJ ET BT 304.028 755.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(,)] TJ ET BT 310.028 755.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(writing from a historical perspective, has updated )] TJ ET BT 34.016 741.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(this multifarious and almost schizophrenic relationship between West Indians and the British state. Reading )] TJ ET BT 34.016 727.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(this book allows one to make sense of many incongruities that one often observes among older ?West )] TJ ET BT 34.016 713.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Indians?; their love-hate relationship with the British, and their struggle to resettle in the contemporary )] TJ ET BT 34.016 698.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Caribbean and adjust to West Indian culture while seeming more British than the British. Having built their )] TJ ET BT 34.016 684.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(affluent houses ?back home? many now feel as if they are in a foreign land, so different are the islands from )] TJ ET BT 34.016 670.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the ones they left under British rule.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 644.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(In contemporary times, the emphasis given to former colonial ?bonds?, as Rush calls them, is not always one )] TJ ET BT 34.016 629.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(way. Though the terminology has changed the relationship is acknowledged at least ceremonially. The )] TJ ET BT 34.016 615.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(gravity of the annual Remembrance Day ceremony at the Cenotaph in London and inclusion \(at last\) of West )] TJ ET BT 34.016 601.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Indian servicemen and official representatives means, despite the occasional snide commentary in the press, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 587.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(that the Commonwealth is just about acknowledged. On the part of the Commonwealth one cannot but be )] TJ ET BT 34.016 572.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(bemused at the continued affection and enthusiasm these countries hold for the British monarchy. We saw )] TJ ET BT 34.016 558.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(this following the recent royal wedding in April of the Duke and Duchess of Cambridge, during their trip to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 544.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Canada, which had a level of mass hysteria emanating from crowds welcoming them that must have )] TJ ET BT 34.016 530.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(disillusioned republicans on all sides. There is the historic constitutional change to the line of succession to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 515.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the British throne. This is a departure from centuries old male primogeniture, so that)] TJ ET BT 441.968 515.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(female members of the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 501.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(royal family will be given equality with men in the rules of succession to the throne even if subsequent )] TJ ET BT 34.016 487.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(males are born. This was announced by the British Prime Minister at the Commonwealth Heads of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 473.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Government Meeting, attended by the Queen, in Perth, Australia \(October 2011\), and was agreed )] TJ ET BT 34.016 458.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(unanimously by the Commonwealth nations, sixteen ?realms? of which the Queen continues to be the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 444.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(monarch. It may only have been rubber stamping of a change which the British government had long ago )] TJ ET BT 34.016 430.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(thrashed out the merits of, but the fact that the compliance of the Commonwealth was sought, and the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 416.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(significance of where and among whom the announcement was made, speaks volumes about the bonds that )] TJ ET BT 34.016 401.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(still exist. It has to be said that Queen Elizabeth II takes her responsibility to the Commonwealth extremely )] TJ ET BT 34.016 387.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(seriously despite the dismissive tones of political commentators.)] TJ ET endstream endobj 16 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 18 0 R ] /Contents 17 0 R >> endobj 17 0 obj << /Length 5369 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 784.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(In her narrative Rush does an admirable job of unpacking the elements that formed and strengthened the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 770.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(bonds between Britain and its colonies in the Caribbean. Nevertheless, though the physical markers rapidly )] TJ ET BT 34.016 755.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(decayed after the British left, the ideological legacies still remain. The author deconstructs the way in which )] TJ ET BT 34.016 741.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(class, education, the church, the symbolism, ritual and role of British Royalty, the world wars, the BBC and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 727.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(its colonial service all contributed to the ambivalences of and shaped individual Caribbean lives. Indeed, it )] TJ ET BT 34.016 713.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(can be argued that they set the tone for generations to come. We get a multi-layered analysis that provides a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 698.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(comprehensive account of those times. This is not however a simple narrative of top-down cultural )] TJ ET BT 34.016 684.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(imperialism. Instead a more complex tapestry is drawn of West Indians, within their island context, actively )] TJ ET BT 34.016 670.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(participating in a process of cultural transition. They manipulate the totem of ?Britishness?, reshaping the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 656.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(conceits of cultural imperialism. Many are not mere receptors but in various arenas utilise an agency which )] TJ ET BT 34.016 641.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(makes no apologies for who or what they are and where they seek to go. Rush argues as to the convincing )] TJ ET BT 34.016 627.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(nature of the cultural propaganda of Britishness, which was touted as the exemplar of civilisation. Education )] TJ ET BT 34.016 613.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(in particular was a significant conduit for this propaganda, and through schools and schooling it pervaded )] TJ ET BT 34.016 599.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the whole society of the Caribbean, with a degree of complicity in some cases. Caribbean peoples were )] TJ ET BT 34.016 584.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(encouraged to identify with the social structures, the cultural values and a history at times utterly out of step )] TJ ET BT 34.016 570.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(with their own histories and current realities. However, there was an interesting twist in the way that many )] TJ ET BT 34.016 556.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(middle-class West Indians of colour duly appropriated Britishness as part of their own identity and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 542.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(transformed it to suit them. This was often unsettling for the native Britons they encountered during the war )] TJ ET BT 34.016 527.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and after. Britain itself had become enthralled by its own mythologies of a imperial identity, an identity )] TJ ET BT 34.016 513.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(which stood separate from, and yet was intimately related to, the national mindset and motifs of an empire )] TJ ET BT 34.016 499.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(miles away in sunnier climes. The shock was when the empire arrived in their neighbourhoods and they )] TJ ET BT 34.016 485.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(were confronted with their inaccurate and prejudiced myths which had to be adjusted.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 458.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Rush shows us what imperial identity and culture came to mean for West Indians as they re-fashioned it in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 444.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(their daily lives and seized the opportunities open to them. The Caribbean was going through a social, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 430.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(political and cultural transformation, and the inhabitants were determined to be the masters of their own fates )] TJ ET BT 34.016 416.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(while demanding inclusivity in the reconfiguration of a post-colonial Britain, a post-colonial Britain which )] TJ ET BT 34.016 401.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(in fact was in dire need of them in its labour force. In addition, we learn more about the colonial mindset, the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 387.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(official, both white and black, running the colonies as well as about relations with Britain?s emerging )] TJ ET BT 34.016 373.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(competitors in the region for influence ? the Americans. Once again what has become a truism is borne out )] TJ ET BT 34.016 359.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(under the microscope of this narrative, things really are never as they seem, and the agency of non-)] TJ ET BT 34.016 344.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(hegemonic peoples should never be underestimated. Rush?s primary sources are as illuminating as the body )] TJ ET BT 34.016 330.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of the text.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 304.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The author thanks the reviewer for her thoughtful comments.)] TJ ET 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.391 287.551 526.499 1.500 re S BT 34.016 269.771 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Source URL:)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 104.672 269.771 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/review/1159)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 104.672 268.377 m 328.316 268.377 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 243.400 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Links:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 229.000 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([1] http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/item/7802)] TJ ET endstream endobj 18 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 19 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 104.6717 268.6915 328.3157 280.5715 ] >> endobj 19 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/review/1159) >> endobj xref 0 20 0000000000 65535 f 0000000008 00000 n 0000000073 00000 n 0000000119 00000 n 0000000335 00000 n 0000000372 00000 n 0000000573 00000 n 0000000655 00000 n 0000004854 00000 n 0000004963 00000 n 0000005073 00000 n 0000005182 00000 n 0000008743 00000 n 0000008871 00000 n 0000008955 00000 n 0000009020 00000 n 0000013391 00000 n 0000013475 00000 n 0000018897 00000 n 0000019025 00000 n trailer << /Size 20 /Root 1 0 R /Info 5 0 R >> startxref 19121 %%EOF