%PDF-1.3 1 0 obj << /Type /Catalog /Outlines 2 0 R /Pages 3 0 R >> endobj 2 0 obj << /Type /Outlines /Count 0 >> endobj 3 0 obj << /Type /Pages /Kids [6 0 R 14 0 R 16 0 R 18 0 R ] /Count 4 /Resources << /ProcSet 4 0 R /Font << /F1 8 0 R /F2 9 0 R /F3 10 0 R >> /XObject << /I1 11 0 R >> >> /MediaBox [0.000 0.000 595.280 841.890] >> endobj 4 0 obj [/PDF /Text /ImageC ] endobj 5 0 obj << /Creator (DOMPDF) /CreationDate (D:20141001202130+01'00') /ModDate (D:20141001202130+01'00') /Title (The Crusades) >> endobj 6 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 12 0 R ] /Contents 7 0 R >> endobj 7 0 obj << /Length 3239 >> stream q 381.750 0 0 120.000 34.016 687.874 cm /I1 Do Q 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Published on )] TJ ET BT 99.356 676.469 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Reviews in History)] TJ ET BT 190.016 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \()] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 197.012 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 197.012 675.075 m 357.332 675.075 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 357.332 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\))] TJ ET 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.391 653.743 526.499 1.500 re S BT 34.016 615.321 Td /F3 18.0 Tf [(The Crusades)] TJ ET BT 34.016 87.995 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Jan Guillou is a well-known Swedish author, journalist and political commentator. Anyone who has spent )] TJ ET BT 34.016 73.739 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(time living in Scandinavia since the 1970s will be familiar with his novels about the spy Carl Hamilton, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 59.483 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(including the titles )] TJ ET BT 126.356 59.483 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Coq Rouge)] TJ ET BT 180.020 59.483 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(1986\), )] TJ ET BT 221.012 59.483 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The Democratic Terrorist)] TJ ET BT 345.008 59.483 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \()] TJ ET BT 352.004 59.483 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Den demokratiske terroristen)] TJ ET BT 493.316 59.483 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, 1987\) and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 584.699 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Review Number:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 570.443 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(1170)] TJ ET BT 34.016 556.187 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publish date:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 541.931 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Tuesday, 1 November, 2011)] TJ ET BT 34.016 527.675 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Author:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 513.419 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Jan Guillou)] TJ ET BT 34.016 499.163 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(ISBN:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 484.907 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(9780007285860)] TJ ET BT 34.016 470.651 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Date of Publication:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 456.395 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(2010)] TJ ET BT 34.016 442.139 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Price:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 427.883 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(7.99)] TJ ET BT 34.016 413.627 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Pages:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 399.371 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(480pp.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 385.115 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publisher:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 370.859 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Harper Collins)] TJ ET BT 34.016 356.603 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Place of Publication:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 342.347 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(London)] TJ ET BT 34.016 328.091 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Author:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 313.835 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Jonathan Riley-Smith)] TJ ET BT 34.016 299.579 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(ISBN:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 285.323 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(9780826459541)] TJ ET BT 34.016 271.067 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Date of Publication:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 256.811 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(2001)] TJ ET BT 34.016 242.555 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Price:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 228.299 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(18.99)] TJ ET BT 34.016 214.043 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Pages:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 199.787 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(336pp.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 185.531 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publisher:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 171.275 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Athlone Press)] TJ ET BT 34.016 157.019 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Place of Publication:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 142.763 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(London)] TJ ET BT 34.016 128.507 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Reviewer:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 114.251 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Jenny Benham)] TJ ET endstream endobj 8 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F1 /BaseFont /Times-Roman /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 9 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F2 /BaseFont /Times-Italic /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 10 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F3 /BaseFont /Times-Bold /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 11 0 obj << /Type /XObject /Subtype /Image /Width 509 /Height 160 /Filter /FlateDecode /DecodeParms << /Predictor 15 /Colors 3 /Columns 509 /BitsPerComponent 8>> /Mask [ 255 255 255 255 255 255 ] /ColorSpace /DeviceRGB /BitsPerComponent 8 /Length 3280>> stream x[EQ㎦fVttҒ +3O{?lGDQԯDrB^.ϯ%~'0۠/2>0AG_>0j0GCfE67>rB^}@  !&y+r?INp:erc b8f=rQC!~-Wf^^zF[)G 2ޯe7V_Go3Ke GEGOo8rώ#\1ZY~N6^H}yLxS-!:412V+u\-LSO?xVvZ|GjǮT_8EYJF=Tw^ 7GxfN/S:Ʌ~ʟtt?5n÷J'JcF-GVξx{rO~tJd;#a\7}|~y'>}c2C vR}f׈**h.)_&@pfzjsx:5;S\vKhM5j=!Cn+h"u]a EUN]jn=k<,:Ք>sU!ni~6EJ)¦72?G}[y}_vc$t?iSܟ2Zݞ,VN?_`='RFK1A2qv&X_lLRWY'%:I㢖zb_UEx\>&ɆBˏ~K@ \gYØU4}$8Dv!'Q'*+Εj(UCGo[#< 2Ja(sZi9fZKE Rn`u\9r^Zmɯ׹}mstO4uc~#'jEvۼ Dx[z ޏQ4KL5,5u3>i^uÒ-53ba ~,~/pyt1fMU'CVm:qv~=Y'Es"WsφG?l_kN5}],Ow7 uh`xƫ?zMl7ٻv$A(4Dl(wwH} ?=[=S;yC]^BK>㕪9`Z'Wj;E|:bf>kCԘ#RY,iv쵗~}n'"1u" *uO΄/2^Sxr(!/DD\~mJyZ!MmrA!#u[if|99WB WΡpp}w}sh#,\ &:%˳X?D3 %W0cC?o̲^} F3XLVn]Cߖiϧ!7}yZJ#P7]=)7Ρp;>> Ye^xx{Oafw{ ;>4gfLt ʊ:q%#r/)pv!O4wGh|dS ӣݽހ-gVUC'pBxrB^} 7JA^} /'8!`:r?}}],X  }6y!`/~Br?}Q< >k7vx"] ,' .3jn{-i}|~%-};b6#U)7繎kiEw 㤳:E}[޼c"rꬊ7Dc$~"/Y&zSd:tFȌCrʙ`7u .#[-<)j ?TGS(j~oTup(hjU4PlJ=}|it.ҽ@\wʨuXÞZcx18Wo<~ikOg,ވ\^?EneyZcc0[R١z|zv7_m:_n]a?osS3~j^ hD.a_X'KfBX6w wݶ"Oa:,bvhrWH[uCF-Xfc}>x+Rz)2N-B 7y^٨;[/vg? | |2Sve}=o䑰j[vWjF0{굦?VI~}xM(_TlG__+]:#к?S} c>GŸD7 !w{S{B =x7a?oE#)+Gz:o_4Q<;n?\tt7?mGCџQGu4kņOF>F?#} hP&ђߴM#u!.СtL2^#o nIk_i.~7tr@n 1P~3?.[]=S5b߮~Yo^HFH YBi8a4iom>CKgMy*;?zqEӕ` >zB9iFzC?XF?ޟIܰ펉A}{I5ᄊx%ez#Mp@rߎpi]IOVjzuJt\۰f׺u5><,J~PTJp1)}){9N {!`/> endstream endobj 12 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 13 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 197.0117 675.3895 357.3317 687.2695 ] >> endobj 13 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews) >> endobj 14 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Contents 15 0 R >> endobj 15 0 obj << /Length 8907 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Enemy?s Enemy \()] TJ ET BT 122.000 796.469 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Fiendens fiende)] TJ ET BT 198.320 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, 1989\); his many high-profile investigative documentaries and articles, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(including one exposing the Swedish secret intelligence agency, )] TJ ET BT 340.304 782.213 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Informationsbyrn )] TJ ET BT 433.304 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(The Information )] TJ ET BT 34.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Bureau\); his outspoken views on a number of political issues; and his own alleged involvement in espionage. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(With such a background, some eyebrows must have been raised, I?m sure, when Guillou published a trilogy )] TJ ET BT 34.016 739.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of historical novels set in the high Middle Ages.Known in English as the ?Crusades Trilogy? it is really the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 725.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(second book in the series, )] TJ ET BT 160.664 725.189 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The Templar Knight)] TJ ET BT 258.008 725.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(Swedish: )] TJ ET BT 312.008 725.189 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Tempelriddaren)] TJ ET BT 389.336 725.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\), that deals with events in the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 710.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Holy Land in the lead up to the Third Crusade. It follows the fate of the fictional Swedish noble Arn )] TJ ET BT 34.016 696.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Magnusson and his beloved Cecilia, who have been penalised for prematurely consummating their )] TJ ET BT 34.016 682.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(anticipated marriage, resulting in Arn having to spend 20 years as a templar knight defending the kingdom )] TJ ET BT 34.016 668.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of Jerusalem against the Saracens while Cecilia languishes in the convent of Gudhem in western Sweden )] TJ ET BT 34.016 653.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(under a vengeful abbess.The book opens with Arn pursuing a band of Saracen thieves thereby saving the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 639.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(lives of a merchant and his brothers. The merchant invites Arn to supper as mark of gratitude and during the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 625.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(evening not only is a friendship forged between the two men but the merchant is also revealed to be the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 611.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(crusaders? fiercest enemy, Saladin, who is preparing an attack on the kingdom of Jerusalem \(pp. 17-38\). )] TJ ET BT 34.016 596.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(These opening pages present an Arn who has already spent ten years in the Holy Land ? a veteran among the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 582.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Knights Templar and commander of the important fort at Gaza. Following his encounter with Saladin war )] TJ ET BT 34.016 568.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(comes upon the crusaders and Arn himself, who can speak Arabic and has studied the Muslim way of life by )] TJ ET BT 34.016 554.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(employing locals in various positions around his fort, finds himself increasingly at odds with the intrigues )] TJ ET BT 34.016 539.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and behaviour of the crusader lords in Outremer. Having defeated Saladin?s army at the Battle of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 525.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Montgisard by taking it by surprise in dense fog, the jostling for power among the political factions soon )] TJ ET BT 34.016 511.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(leads to murder, the disastrous Battle of Hattin and ultimately the fall of Jerusalem, in which only Arn?s )] TJ ET BT 34.016 497.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(friendship with Saladin spares the inhabitants of the city. It is also Saladin who ?persuades? the Grand )] TJ ET BT 34.016 482.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Master of the Templars, Gerald de Ridefort, to release Arn of his vow so that he can begin his long journey )] TJ ET BT 34.016 468.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(back home to the northern edge of Europe.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 442.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(There is much in this book that will be familiar to readers. The meeting and friendship between Arn and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 428.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Saladin is similar to the storyline in Sir Walter Scott?s )] TJ ET BT 298.016 428.069 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The Talisman)] TJ ET BT 363.692 428.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( and the book as a whole has much in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 413.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(common with the 2005 film )] TJ ET BT 171.020 413.813 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Kingdom of Heaven)] TJ ET BT 267.008 413.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, although Guillou?s book was of course published prior to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 399.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the film, in 1999. Guillou also weaves other familiar legends and stories into his narrative. For instance, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 385.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(anyone )] TJ ET BT 71.672 385.301 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(au fait)] TJ ET BT 102.680 385.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( with classical literature will recognise the scene in which Arn attempts to mediate in a dispute )] TJ ET BT 34.016 371.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(between two local men over the ownership of a horse, a case which the knight settles by cutting the horse in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 356.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(two and giving the men each a half \(p. 235\). Guillou furthermore follows a well-known theme throughout )] TJ ET BT 34.016 342.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the book of the crusader states being run by power-hungry individuals, supported by an incompetent Latin )] TJ ET BT 34.016 328.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Church. Jonathan Riley-Smith is just one of many scholars to have built up this theory and his )] TJ ET BT 488.672 328.277 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The )] TJ ET BT 34.016 314.021 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Crusades: A Short History)] TJ ET BT 161.684 314.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(explicitly spells this out in several places \(p. 55, 60, 85\).Guillou is the master of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 299.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(political intrigue and he has done his research well. One of the ways in which the author quickens the pace )] TJ ET BT 34.016 285.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and heightens the suspense of )] TJ ET BT 179.660 285.509 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The Templar Knight)] TJ ET BT 277.004 285.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( is to alternate the chapters so one follows Arn and events )] TJ ET BT 34.016 271.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(in the kingdom of Jerusalem while the next covers Arn?s beloved Cecilia and the civil war over the Swedish )] TJ ET BT 34.016 256.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(crown. Furthermore, while Arn himself may well be a fictional character, those around him are usually not )] TJ ET BT 34.016 242.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and the author paints realistic portraits of historical figures such as Count Raymond of Tripoli, Grard de )] TJ ET BT 34.016 228.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Ridefort and Arnoldo de Torroja. Guillou also shows that not only has he done his research on the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 214.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(characters, but his account of the settlements and the daily life in and around the fort of Gaza reflects in the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 199.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(main what historians know. For instance, chapter four of Riley-Smith?s )] TJ ET BT 380.648 199.973 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The Crusades)] TJ ET BT 446.984 199.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( details life in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 185.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(countryside and town, explaining how each village was run by a council of elders presided over by a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 171.461 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(headman, the workings of the Muslim tax, the diversity of indigenous communities in towns, and the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 157.205 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(adaptations of local government \(pp. 61?9\). Riley-Smith also discusses the use of )] TJ ET BT 427.976 157.205 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(turcopoles)] TJ ET BT 478.640 157.205 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, mercenaries )] TJ ET BT 34.016 142.949 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(fighting with Muslim equipment, and the fact that the number of Latin fighting men in the East was never )] TJ ET BT 34.016 128.693 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(particularly high. Such details are fully visualised in Guillou?s work and a large part of the book is dedicated )] TJ ET BT 34.016 114.437 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(to showing Arn learning and adopting these practices in government and as military tactics. In addition, like )] TJ ET BT 34.016 100.181 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(any scholar, Guillou has consulted the primary sources. Thus for the crusading part, there is much that will )] TJ ET BT 34.016 85.925 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(be familiar to those with an acquaintance of William of Tyre?s )] TJ ET BT 338.288 85.925 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(History of Deeds Done Beyond the Sea)] TJ ET BT 525.584 85.925 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, while )] TJ ET BT 34.016 71.669 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(events in Sweden and the main characters are largely recognisable from saga material. Here, however, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 57.413 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Guillou has been hindered, or possibly helped, by the fact that there are scarcely any contemporary )] TJ ET endstream endobj 16 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Contents 17 0 R >> endobj 17 0 obj << /Length 7918 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Scandinavian sources detailing the events of the late 12th and early 13th centuries. Nevertheless, the author )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(has used what few short annals, brief mentions in Danish sources, papal letters, and later legends available to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(great effect.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 741.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(In many ways, then, )] TJ ET BT 134.000 741.701 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The Templar Knight)] TJ ET BT 231.344 741.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( is underpinned by rigorous research, which is what one would )] TJ ET BT 34.016 727.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(expect from someone who previously earned his keep as an investigative journalist. Of course, like most )] TJ ET BT 34.016 713.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(works of fiction it is not necessarily the historical accuracy that keeps the reader hooked. Instead, it is )] TJ ET BT 34.016 698.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Guillou?s ability to construct likeable, or not, characters, and their interlinked relationships with and to each )] TJ ET BT 34.016 684.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(other that fascinates. Often, the author says just enough to make the reader want to find out more and while )] TJ ET BT 34.016 670.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(reading this I continuously found myself looking up the various characters in academic books. Furthermore, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 656.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the main character?s main attraction, to me anyway, rests not with being the best warrior, which the author )] TJ ET BT 34.016 641.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(portrays him as being, but rather in him never being quite clever or power-hungry enough to partake in the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 627.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(wildest political intrigues of the Latin kingdom of Jerusalem. Though this is on the one hand annoying, it is )] TJ ET BT 34.016 613.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(also what makes this particular ?hero? human. He does not always do or say the right thing, but it is his )] TJ ET BT 34.016 599.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(integrity which makes Arn so appealing because he is that ideal to which everyone \(or maybe just me!\) )] TJ ET BT 34.016 584.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(aspires; that is, he has convictions which he obeys not just for reasons of personal gain or glory. Guillou )] TJ ET BT 34.016 570.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(shows this in many ways. For instance, when Arn has to fight three newly-arrived Franks to stop them )] TJ ET BT 34.016 556.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(crusading against an innocent Bedouin village, he only wins at great personal cost as one of the Franks )] TJ ET BT 34.016 542.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(thrusts his sword into Khamsiin ? the Arabic horse Arn has ridden since a young boy \(p. 280\).)] TJ ET BT 34.016 515.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Representing character and emotion in this way is usually where academic historians fail their readers, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 501.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(primarily because the sources rarely tell us much about people?s motivations and emotions. This, and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 487.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(plentiful and lengthy footnotes and bibliographies full of titles in several modern and ancient languages, tend )] TJ ET BT 34.016 473.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(to make academic history books rather dry. The footnotes, perhaps rightly, are usually the first thing to go in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 458.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(history books aimed at a more general audience, as is the case with Riley-Smith?s )] TJ ET BT 430.292 458.837 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The Crusades)] TJ ET BT 496.628 458.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(. This )] TJ ET BT 34.016 444.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(particular book is furthermore extremely informative while written in a simple prose free from academic )] TJ ET BT 34.016 430.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(jargon with any foreign words given a short explanation. As Guillou alternates his narrative by moving )] TJ ET BT 34.016 416.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(between Outremer and Sweden in each chapter, Riley-Smith, rather than giving just a chronological account )] TJ ET BT 34.016 401.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of each crusade, has inserted chapters on related matters such as ?The holy places and the Catholic )] TJ ET BT 34.016 387.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(patriarchates of Jerusalem and Antioch? \(chapter three\) and ?The Latin East? \(chapter eight\). Each chapter )] TJ ET BT 34.016 373.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(is, moreover, divided into several sub-chapters so that the reader is never presented with several pages of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 359.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(factual text without any breaks. The bibliography is short but contains the most useful works and there is )] TJ ET BT 34.016 344.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(also a list of primary sources in translation. One particular highlight, I feel, is that )] TJ ET BT 428.636 344.789 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The Crusades)] TJ ET BT 494.972 344.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( also has no )] TJ ET BT 34.016 330.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(fewer than nine maps, allowing the reader to follow the events closely. Here, Riley-Smith?s book has a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 316.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(distinct advantage over the novel because while the original Swedish version of )] TJ ET BT 419.288 316.277 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The Templar Knight)] TJ ET BT 34.016 302.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(contains a map of the Holy Land detailing the most important forts, cities and battles, the English version )] TJ ET BT 34.016 287.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(has no map of the Kingdom of Jerusalem nor of Sweden in this period. This is particularly regrettable since )] TJ ET BT 34.016 273.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(parts of Guillou?s narrative are dependent on an understanding of the lie of the land.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 247.253 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The Crusades: A Short History)] TJ ET BT 182.684 247.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( is easy and good reading and provides not only an insight to the crusades as a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 232.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(movement but also an excellent format for writing history aimed at a more general audience. By contrast, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 218.741 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The Templar Knight)] TJ ET BT 131.360 218.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( is a good story but it is not the best book in the trilogy. At times it is plodding, primarily )] TJ ET BT 34.016 204.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(because as a historian I found that the crusading events are just too well-known and thus the plot is )] TJ ET BT 34.016 190.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(predictable. This series has obviously been translated into English as ?The Crusades Trilogy? because the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 175.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(crusades mean sales. However, it is not really about the crusades but about the formation of the kingdom of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 161.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Sweden. As a whole, the trilogy traces how the experiences of Arn and Cecilia enabled them to build up the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 147.461 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(social, military, commercial and legal framework within which their dynasty finally assumes power. Like so )] TJ ET BT 34.016 133.205 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(many historical novels, the books in the trilogy are not meant to conform exactly to current historical )] TJ ET BT 34.016 118.949 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(research or offer new interpretations, but to affirm popular beliefs about the creation of a nation, religious )] TJ ET BT 34.016 104.693 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(beliefs, and well-known individuals and events. The trilogy does exactly that. It follows the legendary )] TJ ET BT 34.016 90.437 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Folkung \(lit. ?folk king?\) dynasty and their loyal support for the Erik clan in their battle for the crown )] TJ ET BT 34.016 76.181 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(against the backward Sverker clan, who are supported by the ?wicked? and more advanced Danes. It )] TJ ET BT 34.016 61.925 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(reaffirms many commonly-held beliefs and plays on feelings of ?Swedishness? by presenting certain events, )] TJ ET endstream endobj 18 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 20 0 R 22 0 R ] /Contents 19 0 R >> endobj 19 0 obj << /Length 3019 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(such as the famous battle of Gestilren, as a triumph of Sweden over Denmark. Hardly surprising then that )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the trilogy has sold over two-and-a-half million copies just in Sweden ? a country with a population of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(around nine million ? and that its popularity has resulted in a surge of public interest in the history of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(medieval Sweden and also in historical novels about Scandinavia as a whole.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 727.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Having said all this, the first and the third book in ?The Crusades Trilogy? are extremely readable and the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 713.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(first book, )] TJ ET BT 86.348 713.189 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The Road to Jerusalem )] TJ ET BT 200.336 713.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\()] TJ ET BT 204.332 713.189 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Vgen till Jerusalem)] TJ ET BT 303.656 713.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, 1998\), detailing Arn?s coming of age at a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 698.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(monastery under the tutelage of a Cistercian and former knight, and the third, )] TJ ET BT 408.284 698.933 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Birth of the Kingdom)] TJ ET BT 509.960 698.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \()] TJ ET BT 516.956 698.933 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Riket )] TJ ET BT 34.016 684.677 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(vid vgens slut)] TJ ET BT 105.344 684.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, 2000\), charting Arn?s return to Sweden and his efforts to build a lasting peace, have both )] TJ ET BT 34.016 670.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(received critical acclaim. Each book can be read as a standalone, but as a whole the trilogy is an epic tale of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 656.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(intrigue, faith, and struggle. But then, as a Swede, I would say that.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 629.909 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Other reviews:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 615.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Medievalists.net)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 34.016 601.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.medievalists.net/2010/02/28/the-templar-knight-book-two-of-the-crusades-trilogy/)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.016 600.003 m 487.976 600.003 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 490.976 601.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([3])] TJ ET 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.391 596.671 526.499 1.500 re S BT 34.016 578.891 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Source URL:)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 104.672 578.891 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/review/1170)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 104.672 577.497 m 328.316 577.497 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 552.520 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Links:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 538.120 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([1] http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/item/7815)] TJ ET BT 34.016 523.720 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([2] http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/item/7816)] TJ ET BT 34.016 509.320 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([3] http://www.medievalists.net/2010/02/28/the-templar-knight-book-two-of-the-crusades-trilogy/)] TJ ET endstream endobj 20 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 21 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 34.0157 600.3175 487.9757 612.1975 ] >> endobj 21 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.medievalists.net/2010/02/28/the-templar-knight-book-two-of-the-crusades-trilogy/) >> endobj 22 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 23 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 104.6717 577.8115 328.3157 589.6915 ] >> endobj 23 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/review/1170) >> endobj xref 0 24 0000000000 65535 f 0000000008 00000 n 0000000073 00000 n 0000000119 00000 n 0000000342 00000 n 0000000379 00000 n 0000000515 00000 n 0000000597 00000 n 0000003888 00000 n 0000003997 00000 n 0000004107 00000 n 0000004216 00000 n 0000007777 00000 n 0000007905 00000 n 0000007989 00000 n 0000008054 00000 n 0000017014 00000 n 0000017079 00000 n 0000025050 00000 n 0000025141 00000 n 0000028213 00000 n 0000028340 00000 n 0000028483 00000 n 0000028611 00000 n trailer << /Size 24 /Root 1 0 R /Info 5 0 R >> startxref 28707 %%EOF