%PDF-1.3 1 0 obj << /Type /Catalog /Outlines 2 0 R /Pages 3 0 R >> endobj 2 0 obj << /Type /Outlines /Count 0 >> endobj 3 0 obj << /Type /Pages /Kids [6 0 R 14 0 R 19 0 R 24 0 R 42 0 R ] /Count 5 /Resources << /ProcSet 4 0 R /Font << /F1 8 0 R /F2 9 0 R /F3 10 0 R >> /XObject << /I1 11 0 R >> >> /MediaBox [0.000 0.000 595.280 841.890] >> endobj 4 0 obj [/PDF /Text /ImageC ] endobj 5 0 obj << /Creator (DOMPDF) /CreationDate (D:20140729041041+01'00') /ModDate (D:20140729041041+01'00') /Title (Telling ghost stories) >> endobj 6 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 12 0 R ] /Contents 7 0 R >> endobj 7 0 obj << /Length 2960 >> stream q 381.750 0 0 120.000 34.016 687.874 cm /I1 Do Q 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Published on )] TJ ET BT 99.356 676.469 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Reviews in History)] TJ ET BT 190.016 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \()] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 197.012 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 197.012 675.075 m 357.332 675.075 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 357.332 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\))] TJ ET 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.391 653.743 526.499 1.500 re S BT 34.016 615.321 Td /F3 18.0 Tf [(Telling ghost stories)] TJ ET BT 34.016 87.995 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Pompeii is the quintessential ghost story, frequently told by archaeological and literary scribes working )] TJ ET BT 34.016 73.739 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(together in symbiosis, not always for the good. In this multitude of ghost raconteurs novelist Robert Harris )] TJ ET BT 34.016 59.483 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(stands tall. With scientific aid and comfort from two of the world?s foremost British Pompeianists, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 584.699 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Review Number:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 570.443 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(1174)] TJ ET BT 34.016 556.187 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publish date:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 541.931 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Thursday, 1 December, 2011)] TJ ET BT 34.016 527.675 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Author:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 513.419 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Robert Harris)] TJ ET BT 34.016 499.163 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(ISBN:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 484.907 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(9780099282617)] TJ ET BT 34.016 470.651 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Date of Publication:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 456.395 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(2004)] TJ ET BT 34.016 442.139 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Price:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 427.883 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(7.99)] TJ ET BT 34.016 413.627 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Pages:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 399.371 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(416pp.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 385.115 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publisher:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 370.859 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Arrow)] TJ ET BT 34.016 356.603 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Place of Publication:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 342.347 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(London)] TJ ET BT 34.016 328.091 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Author:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 313.835 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Mary Beard)] TJ ET BT 34.016 299.579 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(ISBN:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 285.323 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(9781861975966)] TJ ET BT 34.016 271.067 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Date of Publication:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 256.811 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(2009)] TJ ET BT 34.016 242.555 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Price:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 228.299 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(9.99)] TJ ET BT 34.016 214.043 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Pages:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 199.787 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(416pp.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 185.531 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publisher:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 171.275 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Profile Books)] TJ ET BT 34.016 157.019 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Place of Publication:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 142.763 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(London)] TJ ET BT 34.016 128.507 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Reviewer:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 114.251 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Judith Harris)] TJ ET endstream endobj 8 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F1 /BaseFont /Times-Roman /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 9 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F2 /BaseFont /Times-Italic /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 10 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F3 /BaseFont /Times-Bold /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 11 0 obj << /Type /XObject /Subtype /Image /Width 509 /Height 160 /Filter /FlateDecode /DecodeParms << /Predictor 15 /Colors 3 /Columns 509 /BitsPerComponent 8>> /Mask [ 255 255 255 255 255 255 ] /ColorSpace /DeviceRGB /BitsPerComponent 8 /Length 3280>> stream x[EQ㎦fVttҒ +3O{?lGDQԯDrB^.ϯ%~'0۠/2>0AG_>0j0GCfE67>rB^}@  !&y+r?INp:erc b8f=rQC!~-Wf^^zF[)G 2ޯe7V_Go3Ke GEGOo8rώ#\1ZY~N6^H}yLxS-!:412V+u\-LSO?xVvZ|GjǮT_8EYJF=Tw^ 7GxfN/S:Ʌ~ʟtt?5n÷J'JcF-GVξx{rO~tJd;#a\7}|~y'>}c2C vR}f׈**h.)_&@pfzjsx:5;S\vKhM5j=!Cn+h"u]a EUN]jn=k<,:Ք>sU!ni~6EJ)¦72?G}[y}_vc$t?iSܟ2Zݞ,VN?_`='RFK1A2qv&X_lLRWY'%:I㢖zb_UEx\>&ɆBˏ~K@ \gYØU4}$8Dv!'Q'*+Εj(UCGo[#< 2Ja(sZi9fZKE Rn`u\9r^Zmɯ׹}mstO4uc~#'jEvۼ Dx[z ޏQ4KL5,5u3>i^uÒ-53ba ~,~/pyt1fMU'CVm:qv~=Y'Es"WsφG?l_kN5}],Ow7 uh`xƫ?zMl7ٻv$A(4Dl(wwH} ?=[=S;yC]^BK>㕪9`Z'Wj;E|:bf>kCԘ#RY,iv쵗~}n'"1u" *uO΄/2^Sxr(!/DD\~mJyZ!MmrA!#u[if|99WB WΡpp}w}sh#,\ &:%˳X?D3 %W0cC?o̲^} F3XLVn]Cߖiϧ!7}yZJ#P7]=)7Ρp;>> Ye^xx{Oafw{ ;>4gfLt ʊ:q%#r/)pv!O4wGh|dS ӣݽހ-gVUC'pBxrB^} 7JA^} /'8!`:r?}}],X  }6y!`/~Br?}Q< >k7vx"] ,' .3jn{-i}|~%-};b6#U)7繎kiEw 㤳:E}[޼c"rꬊ7Dc$~"/Y&zSd:tFȌCrʙ`7u .#[-<)j ?TGS(j~oTup(hjU4PlJ=}|it.ҽ@\wʨuXÞZcx18Wo<~ikOg,ވ\^?EneyZcc0[R١z|zv7_m:_n]a?osS3~j^ hD.a_X'KfBX6w wݶ"Oa:,bvhrWH[uCF-Xfc}>x+Rz)2N-B 7y^٨;[/vg? | |2Sve}=o䑰j[vWjF0{굦?VI~}xM(_TlG__+]:#к?S} c>GŸD7 !w{S{B =x7a?oE#)+Gz:o_4Q<;n?\tt7?mGCџQGu4kņOF>F?#} hP&ђߴM#u!.СtL2^#o nIk_i.~7tr@n 1P~3?.[]=S5b߮~Yo^HFH YBi8a4iom>CKgMy*;?zqEӕ` >zB9iFzC?XF?ޟIܰ펉A}{I5ᄊx%ez#Mp@rߎpi]IOVjzuJt\۰f׺u5><,J~PTJp1)}){9N {!`/> endstream endobj 12 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 13 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 197.0117 675.3895 357.3317 687.2695 ] >> endobj 13 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews) >> endobj 14 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 17 0 R ] /Contents 15 0 R >> endobj 15 0 obj << /Length 7548 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(archaeologist Andrew Wallace-Hadrill and classicist Mary Beard, both of Cambridge, Harris wrote the novel )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Pompeii)] TJ ET BT 74.012 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, published by Random House in 2003. Its enormous popular success brings further rewards, for )] TJ ET BT 34.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(director Paul W. S. Anderson is making Harris?s own screenplay of the novel into a $130 million TV series )] TJ ET BT 34.016 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(for release in 2012. For all intents and purposes, therefore, Robert Harris?s Pompeii )] TJ ET BT 439.280 753.701 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(is)] TJ ET BT 447.284 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( Pompeii for the public )] TJ ET BT 34.016 739.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(worldwide, and what he has seen in Pompeii, or thought he has seen, is what the world will see.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 713.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Harris wisely bypassed the complexity of the site, with its seven centuries or so of existence, its confusing )] TJ ET BT 34.016 698.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(mixture of cultural sources and languages \(Oscan, Greek, Etruscan, Samnite, Roman and Hellenised )] TJ ET BT 34.016 684.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Roman\), and above all the totality of a city entirely sealed as if in amber. Instead, in his novel Harris chose )] TJ ET BT 34.016 670.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(to narrow his exploration of Pompeian antiquity to showing the Roman engineering marvel of construction )] TJ ET BT 34.016 656.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and maintenance of aqueducts, against the raw dramatic background of the eruption, not coincidentally a fine )] TJ ET BT 34.016 641.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(occasion for an exciting literary and television romp. In a welcome technical aside, the hydraulic engineer )] TJ ET BT 34.016 627.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(who is the hero of the story speaks of placing his faith, not in gods who hurl thunderbolts, ?but in the daily )] TJ ET BT 34.016 613.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(miracle that came from mixing two parts of slaked lime to five parts of puteolanum ? the local red sand ? )] TJ ET BT 34.016 599.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(conjuring up a substance that would set underwater with a consistency harder than rock?. Following this )] TJ ET BT 34.016 584.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(recipe for the cement that kickstarted Roman construction on the grand scale, Harris throws in an elegant )] TJ ET BT 34.016 570.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(quote from Virgil. In narrowing his field of observation to little more than this, what he therefore offers is a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 556.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(primer to Pompeian, which is to say Roman, life, and an inspiring point of departure for those interested in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 542.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(seeing the site and in reading further.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 515.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(When he strays farther afield he occasionally makes irritating, if innocuous, errors, such as mention of a boat )] TJ ET BT 34.016 501.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(that ferried passengers ?daily? from Roman Ostia to Pompeii, a journey of 240 km. Overland it required )] TJ ET BT 34.016 487.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(three days at least, to cite no less an authority than Mary Beard; sailors would never count on making that )] TJ ET BT 34.016 473.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(journey, which depended upon wind and wave, in just one day. For any author, to recreate chit-chat in an )] TJ ET BT 34.016 458.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(ancient language is difficult, and many of Harris?s folksy phrases grate, like the reiterated ?fuck? this and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 444.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(?fuck? that, and the constant sexual innuendo intended as rough-guy camaraderie \(?maybe he?ll stop playing )] TJ ET BT 34.016 430.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(with himself?\). One ponders over his sources. His plucky young female heroine, who dashes up Mount )] TJ ET BT 34.016 416.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Vesuvius at night on horseback to provide the hero with compromising evidence against corrupt evil-doers, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 401.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(might just have stepped off the wuthering moors. His characters dine off Trimalchio while sloshing down )] TJ ET BT 34.016 387.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the wine like the British football fans I?ve seen on Via del Corso in Rome. Others are as fey as the toffs out )] TJ ET BT 34.016 373.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of P. G. Wodehouse:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 347.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The slave had shuffled up beside him, carrying a tray, in the center of which stood a large goblet of clear )] TJ ET BT 34.016 332.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(glass, three-quarters full. Pliny grunted and lifted the wine to the candlelight.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 294.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(?A Caecuban,? whispered Pomponianus in awe. ?Forty years old and still drinking beautifully.? )] TJ ET BT 64.016 280.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(He ran his tongue round his fat lips. ?I wouldn?t mind another glass myself, Pliny?.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 464.984 280.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(1\))] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 464.984 278.883 m 478.976 278.883 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 242.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Another Harris novel has already been made into a successful movie. This was, significantly, )] TJ ET BT 484.268 242.021 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The Ghost)] TJ ET BT 533.936 242.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(. Its )] TJ ET BT 34.016 227.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(non-fictional background was the election night in London in May of 1997, when Robert Harris, at the time )] TJ ET BT 34.016 213.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(crack political commentator of )] TJ ET BT 184.652 213.509 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The)] TJ ET BT 205.652 213.509 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Sunday Times,)] TJ ET BT 275.648 213.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( was the lone journalist at the side of the triumphant Tony )] TJ ET BT 34.016 199.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Blair at Labour party headquarters as results poured in. Within a decade of that victory, Harris, the former )] TJ ET BT 34.016 184.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(insider reporter who was by then a best-selling author, had become disenchanted, particularly after the Prime )] TJ ET BT 34.016 170.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Minister supported the US invasion of Iraq. In )] TJ ET BT 258.992 170.741 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The Ghost)] TJ ET BT 308.660 170.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, written at lightning speed in less than six months, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 156.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Harris unleashed bolts of wrath, Jove-like, against a thinly disguised Blair. The narrator of the novel is a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 142.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(ghost writer who has been summoned to mist-wrapped Cape Cod \(get it?\) to write what is meant to be a best-)] TJ ET BT 34.016 127.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(selling autobiography of a British Prime Minister, who otherwise risks becoming a ghost because newly out )] TJ ET BT 34.016 113.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of power. Admitted into the retired PM?s inner circle, the narrator first discovers that his predecessor as )] TJ ET BT 34.016 99.461 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(ghost writer died under mysterious circumstances, thus becoming a ghost. Then he realizes that his subject is )] TJ ET BT 34.016 85.205 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(a cad, and finally takes on board that he himself is at risk of becoming the ghost of a ghost writer.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 58.949 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(In 2007 Colin Greenland, a reviewer for the )] TJ ET BT 247.628 58.949 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Guardian)] TJ ET BT 294.296 58.949 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, compared the narrative conceit of a ghost writer )] TJ ET endstream endobj 16 0 obj [14 0 R /Fit] endobj 17 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 18 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 464.9837 279.1975 478.9757 291.0775 ] >> endobj 18 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 19 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 22 0 R ] /Contents 20 0 R >> endobj 20 0 obj << /Length 7744 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(telling the story to having the scribe Tiro relate the life and times of Marcus Tullius Cicero in a novel called )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Imperium)] TJ ET BT 80.672 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, written by, guess who, Robert Harris. To summarise, then, armed with notebook and ballpoint )] TJ ET BT 34.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(pen, the real Harris, a reporter, had been the unobserved observer at the real Blair?s side. Armed with a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(typewriter, a ghost writer had been the unobserved observer at the side of the Blair clone. And armed with )] TJ ET BT 34.016 739.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(wax tablet and stylus, the invented scribe Tiro became Harris?s unobserved observer of an imagined Cicero.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 713.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(In this game of ghostly semi-fictitious presences, what is there of truth? Reviewer Greenland, for one, put )] TJ ET BT 34.016 698.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(down )] TJ ET BT 63.680 698.933 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The Ghost)] TJ ET BT 113.348 698.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( as ?an imaginative impertinence, an accusation [against Blair] that no one could make or )] TJ ET BT 34.016 684.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(take literally?. And yet, bristling with vitality and intelligence, )] TJ ET BT 336.668 684.677 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The Ghost )] TJ ET BT 389.336 684.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(seems to capture what may not )] TJ ET BT 34.016 670.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(necessarily be literal truth about the Blair world, yet nevertheless appears to be a kind of insightful truth.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 644.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The problem is that to tell the ?truth? about Pompeii, and to offer genuine insights into Pompeian life, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 629.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(presents a far greater challenge. In that impertinence, many have tried and failed, and the early )] TJ ET BT 34.016 615.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(archaeologists who attempted to recreate the lives of the people who once lived, loved, feasted, conducted )] TJ ET BT 34.016 601.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(business in and died in Pompeii made errors that today bring a smile. Only the most notorious was the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 587.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(conclusion that the framed bright red phallus painted on a wall with the words )] TJ ET BT 411.968 587.141 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(HIC HABITAT FELICITAS)] TJ ET BT 34.016 572.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(indicated that the building under excavation was a brothel. Digging further, archaeologists found grinding )] TJ ET BT 34.016 558.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(mills which proved that the building, later called the House of Pansa, was a bakery, and that the phallus was )] TJ ET BT 34.016 544.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(a good-luck charm. In my 1852 edition of William Gell?s )] TJ ET BT 313.652 544.373 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Pompeiana)] TJ ET BT 368.312 544.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( a sketch of that phallus is coyly )] TJ ET BT 34.016 530.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(unrecognizable, but, as a footnote points out in Latin, )] TJ ET BT 293.324 530.117 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(?membra genitalia ? incrementis frugum et pecudum?)] TJ ET BT 553.964 530.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 503.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Archaeologists, of course, are not the sole responsible for errors. Archaeologist John R. Clarke, the author of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 489.605 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Looking at Lovemaking)] TJ ET BT 147.344 489.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( and )] TJ ET BT 170.672 489.605 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Looking at Laughter)] TJ ET BT 269.348 489.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, has painstakingly documented how building contractors in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 475.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the 1970?s arbitrarily tacked fresco fragments onto ceilings and walls at Oplontis, the town near Pompeii )] TJ ET BT 34.016 461.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(where the so-called Villa of Poppaea was being over-enthusiastically restored to serve as a tourist attraction.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 434.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Gell himself, who represented London?s Society of Dilettanti and kept a house in Naples, showed Pompeii )] TJ ET BT 34.016 420.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(to the politician-cum-novelist Edward Bulwer-Lytton. The result was Lord Lytton?s fictitious )] TJ ET BT 486.644 420.581 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The Last Days )] TJ ET BT 34.016 406.325 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(of Pompeii)] TJ ET BT 86.348 406.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, published in 1834 and widely translated. Since that time no vision of Pompeii has been more )] TJ ET BT 34.016 392.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(influential in films and fiction. Even Harris has a blind youth ? the equivalent of Lytton?s blind flower seller )] TJ ET BT 34.016 377.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Nydia ?accompany the young waterworks engineer through the streets of Pompeii.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 351.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The quintessential meeting that brought together archaeologist-architect Gell and novelist Lytton illustrates )] TJ ET BT 34.016 337.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(how the painting of notions upon the ghostly canvas of Pompeii occurs through the cross-fertilization of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 323.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(fantasy and science. What they do not show is where the one begins and the other ends. In her fascinating )] TJ ET BT 34.016 308.789 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Resurrecting Pompeii)] TJ ET BT 139.004 308.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, Australian forensic archaeologist Estelle Lazer, who spent seven field seasons )] TJ ET BT 34.016 294.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(working on the human skeletal remains of Pompeii, demonstrates ?that the skeletal positions which Bulwer-)] TJ ET BT 34.016 280.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Lytton employed as descriptive evidence for the lives of his characters was so evocative that his romantic )] TJ ET BT 34.016 266.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(imaginings have been invoked as scientific evidence in forensic analyses which survived into our own day? )] TJ ET BT 34.016 251.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(her words\).)] TJ ET BT 34.016 225.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(This does not occur solely in archaeology, of course. In this same way, new studies show that police )] TJ ET BT 34.016 211.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(fingerprint analysts tend to read into their microscopes identifications which had been previously suggested )] TJ ET BT 34.016 196.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(to them. At Pompeii, a number of full skeletal bodies were given flesh and moral qualities like heroism, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 182.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(while other, non-evocative skeletal remains were simply tossed aside. For many decades bones were heaped )] TJ ET BT 34.016 168.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(into spider- and animal-infested mounds, and abandoned, which meant their loss of provenance. The )] TJ ET BT 34.016 154.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(emotional impact to viewers when they saw the body casts overshadowed science.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 127.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(?The seduction of scholarship by popular culture was one of the key factors that contributed to the neglect of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 113.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(skeletal material as an archaeological resource?, Lazer concludes.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 349.568 113.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(2\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 349.568 112.323 m 363.560 112.323 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 363.560 113.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( In short, fiction had determined and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 99.461 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(undermined fact, with the result that ?Pompeian skeletal remains were not initially seen to have any research )] TJ ET BT 34.016 85.205 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(potential. They served merely as props for the creation of visual or verbal vignettes for visiting dignitaries or )] TJ ET BT 34.016 70.949 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(literary works, like those of Gautier and Bulwer-Lytton?.)] TJ ET endstream endobj 21 0 obj [19 0 R /Fit] endobj 22 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 23 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 349.5677 112.6375 363.5597 124.5175 ] >> endobj 23 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 24 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 27 0 R 30 0 R 33 0 R 36 0 R 38 0 R 40 0 R ] /Contents 25 0 R >> endobj 25 0 obj << /Length 7324 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 784.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(If Lazer?s is a work of pure scientific archaeology and as such of interest primarily to specialists, Mary )] TJ ET BT 34.016 770.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Beard?s )] TJ ET BT 75.668 770.213 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Pompeii, the Life of a Roman Town )] TJ ET BT 249.008 770.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(published in the US as )] TJ ET BT 364.004 770.213 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The Fires of Vesuvius, Pompeii Lost )] TJ ET BT 34.016 755.957 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(and Found)] TJ ET BT 86.348 755.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\) successfully merges the serious touchstones of classicism and archaeology with the no less )] TJ ET BT 34.016 741.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(important imaginative work of reconstructing life and lives in the deep past. Beard, who is a professor of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 727.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(classics at Cambridge University and classics editor of the )] TJ ET BT 316.976 727.445 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Times Literary Supplement)] TJ ET BT 446.972 727.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, can be challenged on )] TJ ET BT 34.016 713.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(a point or two. She occasionally debunks for the sake of debunking; for instance, experts today challenge her )] TJ ET BT 34.016 698.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(assertion that the eruption took place in November or December, rather than in August. She avowed this )] TJ ET BT 34.016 684.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(theory on grounds that warm clothing and dried fruits, not harvested yet in August, were found, but )] TJ ET BT 34.016 670.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(persuasive arguments countering both these notions exist.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 644.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(But to her credit this Cambridge don takes the trouble to spell out all the versions debated by archaeologists. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 629.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(In discussing the same aqueduct system described ?more or less accurately? in Harris?s book \(her words\), )] TJ ET BT 34.016 615.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(she writes that,)] TJ ET BT 64.016 577.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Something must have gone wrong with this system of supply on the eve of the eruption. For it is )] TJ ET BT 64.016 563.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(clear from the empty trenches filled with volcanic debris that, at the time of its destruction, the )] TJ ET BT 64.016 548.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(pavements in various places in the city had been dug up and the water pipes removed. Most )] TJ ET BT 64.016 534.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(likely this was an instant attempt to investigate and repair the damage done to the water system )] TJ ET BT 64.016 520.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(by earthquakes that occurred in the run-up to the final eruption.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 368.288 520.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(3\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 368.288 518.979 m 382.280 518.979 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 482.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(But then she typically goes on to explain more, including doubts about what is visible to archaeologists. It is )] TJ ET BT 34.016 467.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(this care that sets her book above others on the market today, and makes it of particular interest:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 441.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Archaeologists have speculated that similar problems might explain why, down one back alley \(running )] TJ ET BT 34.016 427.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(beside the House of the Chaste Lovers and the House of the Painters at Work\), the cess pits filled by the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 413.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(domestic latrines had been dug up and their contents left piled up unsalubriously in the pathway when the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 398.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(disaster struck. Though why seismic movements should affect the operation of cesspits is less clear. Perhaps )] TJ ET BT 34.016 384.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(this is more of an indication of the regular state of a Pompeian backstreet.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 387.956 384.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(4\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 387.956 383.187 m 401.948 383.187 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 358.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(In writing of the economy, she explains why trade, despite its being the very essence of Pompeii, was ?a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 344.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(very thin icing on the [Roman] economic cake, small-scale and not particularly respectable,? and then takes )] TJ ET BT 34.016 329.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(care to explain precisely why one has difficulty in being precise about how it functioned, for:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 303.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Rome developed none of the financial institutions needed to support a sophisticated economy. There was )] TJ ET BT 34.016 289.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(limited ?banking?, as we shall see, in Pompeii. It is not even clear if there were such things as credit notes, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 275.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(or if you wheeled around a load of coins in a wheelbarrow to make large purchases, such as houses.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 512.564 275.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(5\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 512.564 273.651 m 526.556 273.651 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 248.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(She observes the same caution in describing a painting of the mythical Pero breast-feeding her starving )] TJ ET BT 34.016 234.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(father Micon found in the House of Marcus Lucretius Fronto, along with verses celebrating modesty \()] TJ ET BT 523.268 234.533 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(pudor)] TJ ET BT 551.936 234.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\) )] TJ ET BT 34.016 220.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and piety \()] TJ ET BT 85.340 220.277 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(pietas)] TJ ET BT 114.008 220.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\). Some archaeologists, she writes, have thought this an apt decoration for a child?s )] TJ ET BT 34.016 206.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(bedroom \(?a strange choice, if you ask me?\), and suggests that the image may contain a more specific )] TJ ET BT 34.016 191.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(?political resonance?.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 137.984 191.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(6\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 137.984 190.371 m 151.976 190.371 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 165.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(In this pleasantly readable, extraordinarily comprehensive and wide-ranging book, Beard, perhaps because )] TJ ET BT 34.016 151.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(she is a classicist treading on the turf of other scholars \(the archaeologists\), succeeds in writing in a manner )] TJ ET BT 34.016 136.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(that is invariably interesting for both scholars and for those who are, like me, the voyeurs of archaeology.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 102.099 Td /F3 18.0 Tf [(Notes)] TJ ET BT 48.816 71.482 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(1.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 71.477 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Robert Harris, )] TJ ET BT 135.668 71.477 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Pompeii)] TJ ET BT 175.664 71.477 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(London, 2003\), p. 1.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 280.988 71.477 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(1\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 280.988 70.083 m 334.976 70.083 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 48.816 57.226 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(2.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 57.221 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Estelle Lazer, )] TJ ET BT 132.992 57.221 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Resurrecting Pompeii )] TJ ET BT 240.980 57.221 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(London, 2009\), p. 100.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 355.304 57.221 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(2\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 355.304 55.827 m 409.292 55.827 l S endstream endobj 26 0 obj [24 0 R /Fit] endobj 27 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 28 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 368.2877 519.2935 382.2797 531.1735 ] >> endobj 28 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 29 0 obj [24 0 R /Fit] endobj 30 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 31 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 387.9557 383.5015 401.9477 395.3815 ] >> endobj 31 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 32 0 obj [24 0 R /Fit] endobj 33 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 34 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 512.5637 273.9655 526.5557 285.8455 ] >> endobj 34 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 35 0 obj [24 0 R /Fit] endobj 36 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 37 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 137.9837 190.6855 151.9757 202.5655 ] >> endobj 37 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 38 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 39 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 280.9877 70.3975 334.9757 82.2775 ] >> endobj 39 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /GoTo /D 16 0 R >> endobj 40 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 41 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 355.3037 56.1415 409.2917 68.0215 ] >> endobj 41 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /GoTo /D 21 0 R >> endobj 42 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 44 0 R 46 0 R 48 0 R 50 0 R 52 0 R 54 0 R 56 0 R 58 0 R 60 0 R 62 0 R 64 0 R 66 0 R 68 0 R ] /Contents 43 0 R >> endobj 43 0 obj << /Length 5363 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 48.816 796.474 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(3.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Beard, )] TJ ET BT 98.672 796.469 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Ibid)] TJ ET BT 118.004 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, p. 64.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 151.004 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(3\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 151.004 795.075 m 204.992 795.075 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 48.816 782.218 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(4.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Beard, )] TJ ET BT 98.672 782.213 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Ibid)] TJ ET BT 118.004 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(., p. 64.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 154.004 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(4\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 154.004 780.819 m 207.992 780.819 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 48.816 767.962 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(5.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Beard, )] TJ ET BT 98.672 767.957 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Op. cit)] TJ ET BT 131.336 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(., p. 154.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 173.336 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(5\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 173.336 766.563 m 227.324 766.563 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 48.816 753.706 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(6.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Beard, )] TJ ET BT 98.672 753.701 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Op. cit)] TJ ET BT 131.336 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(., p. 146.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 173.336 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(6\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 173.336 752.307 m 227.324 752.307 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 727.445 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Other reviews:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 713.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Guardian)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 34.016 698.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.guardian.co.uk/books/2003/sep/06/featuresreviews.guardianreview24)] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.016 697.539 m 425.288 697.539 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 428.288 698.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([3])] TJ ET BT 34.016 684.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Guardian \(condensed\))] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 34.016 670.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.guardian.co.uk/theguardian/2003/sep/22/digestedread.theeditorpressreview7)] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.016 669.027 m 457.952 669.027 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 460.952 670.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([4])] TJ ET BT 34.016 656.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Guardian \(interview with Mary Beard\))] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 34.016 641.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.guardian.co.uk/books/2008/aug/24/classics)] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.016 640.515 m 298.340 640.515 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 301.340 641.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([5])] TJ ET BT 34.016 627.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Independent)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 34.016 613.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.independent.co.uk/arts-entertainment/tv/features/queen-of-the-underworld-mary-beard-is-)] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.016 612.003 m 523.568 612.003 l S BT 34.016 599.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(bringing-the-ancient-city-of-pompeii-to-life-in-a-bbc-documentary-2154808.html)] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.016 597.747 m 426.272 597.747 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 429.272 599.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([6])] TJ ET BT 34.016 584.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Telegraph)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 34.016 570.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.telegraph.co.uk/culture/books/non_fictionreviews/3560953/Review-Pompeii-by-Mary-)] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.016 569.235 m 509.636 569.235 l S BT 34.016 556.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Beard.html)] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.016 554.979 m 87.680 554.979 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 90.680 556.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([7])] TJ ET BT 34.016 542.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Authortrek)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 34.016 527.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://authortrek.com/blog/tag/mary-beard-pompeii/)] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.016 526.467 m 283.664 526.467 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 286.664 527.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([8])] TJ ET 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.391 523.135 526.499 1.500 re S BT 34.016 505.355 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Source URL:)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 104.672 505.355 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/review/1174)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 104.672 503.961 m 328.316 503.961 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 478.984 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Links:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 464.584 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([1] http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/item/7823)] TJ ET BT 34.016 450.184 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([2] http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/item/7824)] TJ ET BT 34.016 435.784 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([3] http://www.guardian.co.uk/books/2003/sep/06/featuresreviews.guardianreview24)] TJ ET BT 34.016 421.384 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([4] http://www.guardian.co.uk/theguardian/2003/sep/22/digestedread.theeditorpressreview7)] TJ ET BT 34.016 406.984 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([5] http://www.guardian.co.uk/books/2008/aug/24/classics)] TJ ET BT 34.016 392.699 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([6] http://www.independent.co.uk/arts-entertainment/tv/features/queen-of-the-underworld-mary-beard-is-)] TJ ET BT 34.016 378.328 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(bringing-the-ancient-city-of-pompeii-to-life-in-a-bbc-documentary-2154808.html)] TJ ET BT 34.016 364.043 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([7] http://www.telegraph.co.uk/culture/books/non_fictionreviews/3560953/Review-Pompeii-by-Mary-)] TJ ET BT 34.016 349.672 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Beard.html)] TJ ET BT 34.016 335.272 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([8] http://authortrek.com/blog/tag/mary-beard-pompeii/)] TJ ET endstream endobj 44 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 45 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 151.0037 795.3895 204.9917 807.2695 ] >> endobj 45 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /GoTo /D 26 0 R >> endobj 46 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 47 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 154.0037 781.1335 207.9917 793.0135 ] >> endobj 47 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /GoTo /D 29 0 R >> endobj 48 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 49 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 173.3357 766.8775 227.3237 778.7575 ] >> endobj 49 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /GoTo /D 32 0 R >> endobj 50 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 51 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 173.3357 752.6215 227.3237 764.5015 ] >> endobj 51 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /GoTo /D 35 0 R >> endobj 52 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 53 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 34.0157 697.8535 425.2877 709.7335 ] >> endobj 53 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.guardian.co.uk/books/2003/sep/06/featuresreviews.guardianreview24) >> endobj 54 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 55 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 34.0157 669.3415 457.9517 681.2215 ] >> endobj 55 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.guardian.co.uk/theguardian/2003/sep/22/digestedread.theeditorpressreview7) >> endobj 56 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 57 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 34.0157 640.8295 298.3397 652.7095 ] >> endobj 57 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.guardian.co.uk/books/2008/aug/24/classics) >> endobj 58 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 59 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 34.0157 612.3175 523.5677 624.1975 ] >> endobj 59 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.independent.co.uk/arts-entertainment/tv/features/queen-of-the-underworld-mary-beard-is-bringing-the-ancient-city-of-pompeii-to-life-in-a-bbc-documentary-2154808.html) >> endobj 60 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 61 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 34.0157 598.0615 426.2717 609.9415 ] >> endobj 61 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.independent.co.uk/arts-entertainment/tv/features/queen-of-the-underworld-mary-beard-is-bringing-the-ancient-city-of-pompeii-to-life-in-a-bbc-documentary-2154808.html) >> endobj 62 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 63 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 34.0157 569.5495 509.6357 581.4295 ] >> endobj 63 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.telegraph.co.uk/culture/books/non_fictionreviews/3560953/Review-Pompeii-by-Mary-Beard.html) >> endobj 64 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 65 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 34.0157 555.2935 87.6797 567.1735 ] >> endobj 65 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.telegraph.co.uk/culture/books/non_fictionreviews/3560953/Review-Pompeii-by-Mary-Beard.html) >> endobj 66 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 67 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 34.0157 526.7815 283.6637 538.6615 ] >> endobj 67 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://authortrek.com/blog/tag/mary-beard-pompeii/) >> endobj 68 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 69 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 104.6717 504.2755 328.3157 516.1555 ] >> endobj 69 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/review/1174) >> endobj xref 0 70 0000000000 65535 f 0000000008 00000 n 0000000073 00000 n 0000000119 00000 n 0000000349 00000 n 0000000386 00000 n 0000000531 00000 n 0000000613 00000 n 0000003625 00000 n 0000003734 00000 n 0000003844 00000 n 0000003953 00000 n 0000007514 00000 n 0000007642 00000 n 0000007726 00000 n 0000007810 00000 n 0000015411 00000 n 0000015441 00000 n 0000015569 00000 n 0000015605 00000 n 0000015689 00000 n 0000023486 00000 n 0000023516 00000 n 0000023644 00000 n 0000023680 00000 n 0000023799 00000 n 0000031176 00000 n 0000031206 00000 n 0000031334 00000 n 0000031370 00000 n 0000031400 00000 n 0000031528 00000 n 0000031564 00000 n 0000031594 00000 n 0000031722 00000 n 0000031758 00000 n 0000031788 00000 n 0000031916 00000 n 0000031952 00000 n 0000032078 00000 n 0000032133 00000 n 0000032259 00000 n 0000032314 00000 n 0000032482 00000 n 0000037898 00000 n 0000038026 00000 n 0000038081 00000 n 0000038209 00000 n 0000038264 00000 n 0000038392 00000 n 0000038447 00000 n 0000038575 00000 n 0000038630 00000 n 0000038757 00000 n 0000038885 00000 n 0000039012 00000 n 0000039148 00000 n 0000039275 00000 n 0000039379 00000 n 0000039506 00000 n 0000039734 00000 n 0000039861 00000 n 0000040089 00000 n 0000040216 00000 n 0000040369 00000 n 0000040495 00000 n 0000040648 00000 n 0000040775 00000 n 0000040877 00000 n 0000041005 00000 n trailer << /Size 70 /Root 1 0 R /Info 5 0 R >> startxref 41101 %%EOF