%PDF-1.3 1 0 obj << /Type /Catalog /Outlines 2 0 R /Pages 3 0 R >> endobj 2 0 obj << /Type /Outlines /Count 0 >> endobj 3 0 obj << /Type /Pages /Kids [6 0 R 14 0 R 16 0 R 18 0 R ] /Count 4 /Resources << /ProcSet 4 0 R /Font << /F1 8 0 R /F2 9 0 R /F3 10 0 R >> /XObject << /I1 11 0 R >> >> /MediaBox [0.000 0.000 595.280 841.890] >> endobj 4 0 obj [/PDF /Text /ImageC ] endobj 5 0 obj << /Creator (DOMPDF) /CreationDate (D:20150802052921+01'00') /ModDate (D:20150802052921+01'00') /Title (Tejanos and the American Dream) >> endobj 6 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 12 0 R ] /Contents 7 0 R >> endobj 7 0 obj << /Length 3386 >> stream q 381.750 0 0 120.000 34.016 687.874 cm /I1 Do Q 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Published on )] TJ ET BT 99.356 676.469 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Reviews in History)] TJ ET BT 190.016 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \()] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 197.012 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 197.012 675.075 m 357.332 675.075 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 357.332 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\))] TJ ET 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.391 653.743 526.499 1.500 re S BT 34.016 615.321 Td /F3 18.0 Tf [(Tejanos and the American Dream)] TJ ET BT 34.016 287.579 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Historians have not been kind to Tejanos?at least until the present generation. Many have marginalized or )] TJ ET BT 34.016 273.323 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(maligned them to diminish their importance in Texas history, or to rewrite Texas history to emphasize Anglo )] TJ ET BT 34.016 259.067 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(achievements. Andrs Tijerina, in )] TJ ET BT 199.316 259.067 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Tejano Empire: Life on the South Texas Ranchos \(Clayton Wheat )] TJ ET BT 34.016 244.811 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Williams Texas Life Series\))] TJ ET BT 165.680 244.811 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, brings Tejano culture and values to life for modern readers who may be )] TJ ET BT 34.016 230.555 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(oblivious to their existence and their importance in Texas and Tejano history. David McDonald?s )] TJ ET BT 34.016 216.299 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(painstakingly researched biography, )] TJ ET BT 210.644 216.299 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Jos)] TJ ET BT 234.968 216.299 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Antonio)] TJ ET BT 275.972 216.299 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Navarro: In Search of the American Dream in Nineteenth-)] TJ ET BT 34.016 202.043 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Century Texas)] TJ ET BT 103.676 202.043 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, helps to illustrate many of Tijerina?s themes and provides an articulate exemplar of Tejano )] TJ ET BT 34.016 187.787 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(values in the person of Navarro. Tejano contributions to the Texas experience can no longer be ignored. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 173.531 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(These complementary volumes propel Tejano studies to their proper place in Texas history. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 584.699 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Review Number:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 570.443 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(1181)] TJ ET BT 34.016 556.187 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publish date:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 541.931 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Thursday, 1 December, 2011)] TJ ET BT 34.016 527.675 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Author:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 513.419 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Andrs Tijerina)] TJ ET BT 34.016 499.163 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(ISBN:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 484.907 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(9781603440516)] TJ ET BT 34.016 470.651 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Date of Publication:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 456.395 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(2008)] TJ ET BT 34.016 442.139 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Price:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 427.883 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(17.95)] TJ ET BT 34.016 413.627 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Pages:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 399.371 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(192pp.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 385.115 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publisher:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 370.859 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Texas A&M University Press)] TJ ET BT 34.016 356.603 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Place of Publication:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 342.347 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(College Station, TX)] TJ ET BT 34.016 328.091 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Reviewer:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 313.835 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Christopher Berg)] TJ ET endstream endobj 8 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F1 /BaseFont /Times-Roman /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 9 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F2 /BaseFont /Times-Italic /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 10 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F3 /BaseFont /Times-Bold /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 11 0 obj << /Type /XObject /Subtype /Image /Width 509 /Height 160 /Filter /FlateDecode /DecodeParms << /Predictor 15 /Colors 3 /Columns 509 /BitsPerComponent 8>> /Mask [ 255 255 255 255 255 255 ] /ColorSpace /DeviceRGB /BitsPerComponent 8 /Length 3280>> stream x[EQ㎦fVttҒ +3O{?lGDQԯDrB^.ϯ%~'0۠/2>0AG_>0j0GCfE67>rB^}@  !&y+r?INp:erc b8f=rQC!~-Wf^^zF[)G 2ޯe7V_Go3Ke GEGOo8rώ#\1ZY~N6^H}yLxS-!:412V+u\-LSO?xVvZ|GjǮT_8EYJF=Tw^ 7GxfN/S:Ʌ~ʟtt?5n÷J'JcF-GVξx{rO~tJd;#a\7}|~y'>}c2C vR}f׈**h.)_&@pfzjsx:5;S\vKhM5j=!Cn+h"u]a EUN]jn=k<,:Ք>sU!ni~6EJ)¦72?G}[y}_vc$t?iSܟ2Zݞ,VN?_`='RFK1A2qv&X_lLRWY'%:I㢖zb_UEx\>&ɆBˏ~K@ \gYØU4}$8Dv!'Q'*+Εj(UCGo[#< 2Ja(sZi9fZKE Rn`u\9r^Zmɯ׹}mstO4uc~#'jEvۼ Dx[z ޏQ4KL5,5u3>i^uÒ-53ba ~,~/pyt1fMU'CVm:qv~=Y'Es"WsφG?l_kN5}],Ow7 uh`xƫ?zMl7ٻv$A(4Dl(wwH} ?=[=S;yC]^BK>㕪9`Z'Wj;E|:bf>kCԘ#RY,iv쵗~}n'"1u" *uO΄/2^Sxr(!/DD\~mJyZ!MmrA!#u[if|99WB WΡpp}w}sh#,\ &:%˳X?D3 %W0cC?o̲^} F3XLVn]Cߖiϧ!7}yZJ#P7]=)7Ρp;>> Ye^xx{Oafw{ ;>4gfLt ʊ:q%#r/)pv!O4wGh|dS ӣݽހ-gVUC'pBxrB^} 7JA^} /'8!`:r?}}],X  }6y!`/~Br?}Q< >k7vx"] ,' .3jn{-i}|~%-};b6#U)7繎kiEw 㤳:E}[޼c"rꬊ7Dc$~"/Y&zSd:tFȌCrʙ`7u .#[-<)j ?TGS(j~oTup(hjU4PlJ=}|it.ҽ@\wʨuXÞZcx18Wo<~ikOg,ވ\^?EneyZcc0[R١z|zv7_m:_n]a?osS3~j^ hD.a_X'KfBX6w wݶ"Oa:,bvhrWH[uCF-Xfc}>x+Rz)2N-B 7y^٨;[/vg? | |2Sve}=o䑰j[vWjF0{굦?VI~}xM(_TlG__+]:#к?S} c>GŸD7 !w{S{B =x7a?oE#)+Gz:o_4Q<;n?\tt7?mGCџQGu4kņOF>F?#} hP&ђߴM#u!.СtL2^#o nIk_i.~7tr@n 1P~3?.[]=S5b߮~Yo^HFH YBi8a4iom>CKgMy*;?zqEӕ` >zB9iFzC?XF?ޟIܰ펉A}{I5ᄊx%ez#Mp@rߎpi]IOVjzuJt\۰f׺u5><,J~PTJp1)}){9N {!`/> endstream endobj 12 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 13 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 197.0117 675.3895 357.3317 687.2695 ] >> endobj 13 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews) >> endobj 14 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Contents 15 0 R >> endobj 15 0 obj << /Length 7233 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 784.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Tijerina?s book is divided into six thematic chapters and an epilogue: ?Las villas del norte?; ?Life in a casa )] TJ ET BT 34.016 770.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(de sillar?; ?Primos and compadres across the frontier?; ?The art and skills of Tejano life?; ?Tejano culture at )] TJ ET BT 34.016 755.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(work and play?; and ?A Tejano prayer?. In the words of the author, ?This book attempts to provide a unified )] TJ ET BT 34.016 741.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(historical account of rural Tejano life and culture in the nineteenth century. It also attempts to explain why )] TJ ET BT 34.016 727.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and how that culture could have been distorted or omitted from the pages of Texas history for so long, and to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 713.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(provide a viable paradigm for accessing previously untapped historical sources among seemingly inarticulate )] TJ ET BT 34.016 698.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(groups \(p. xv\).?)] TJ ET BT 34.016 672.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(To accentuate the text, 18 drawings by renowned Tejano artist Ricardo Beasley were included. Through )] TJ ET BT 34.016 658.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(these drawings, the reader is transported to the ranchos of South Texas. Those familiar with Tejano history )] TJ ET BT 34.016 644.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(will recognize the significance of these hand-drawn plates. Beasley?s iconic art makes a stunning visual )] TJ ET BT 34.016 629.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(impact on the reader. The fact these plates have never been published before sets Tijerina?s study apart )] TJ ET BT 34.016 615.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(because they poignantly recreate the daily human struggles of Tejano ranch-life. For Tijerina, Beasley?s art )] TJ ET BT 34.016 601.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and vision parallel his own and seamlessly harmonize into one organic whole: ?I [Tijerina] firmly believe )] TJ ET BT 34.016 587.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(that his spirit has found its own dear message in my story of Tejano pioneers on the ranching frontier? \(p. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 572.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(xvii\). Beyond the arguments outlined above, Tijerina hopes to reveal to his readers the heart and soul of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 558.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Tejanos. ?My fondest dream would be to give to the reader a sense of the deep commitment that these )] TJ ET BT 34.016 544.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Tejanos had for their family and their community in daily life? \(p. xvii\). A deeply personal memoir, )] TJ ET BT 519.620 544.373 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Tejano )] TJ ET BT 34.016 530.117 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Empire )] TJ ET BT 72.344 530.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(preserves a treasured past that was in serious danger of becoming a forgotten artifact.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 503.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Historians have anxiously anticipated McDonald?s biography of Jos Antonio Navarro. Many have )] TJ ET BT 34.016 489.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(confessed that the enigma surrounding Navarro has overshadowed the man himself; one of the strengths of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 475.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(this study is the unveiling of the man behind the myth. No one is better qualified to write )] TJ ET BT 463.664 475.349 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(the)] TJ ET BT 478.328 475.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( definitive )] TJ ET BT 34.016 461.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(biography of Navarro than the former manager and park historian of the Casa Navarro State Historic Site. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 446.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(McDonald served as the manager of this site for over 20 years and devoted nearly three decades of intensive )] TJ ET BT 34.016 432.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(research to unraveling the many disparate pieces of Navarro?s fragmented past. This is an extraordinary )] TJ ET BT 34.016 418.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(accomplishment considering the amount of detective work needed to faithfully reconstruct Navarro?s life. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 404.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(McDonald?s thoughtful account of Jos Antonio Navarro is a remarkable achievement and deserves a broad )] TJ ET BT 34.016 389.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(audience. With it, historians can now confidently debate Navarro?s place in Texas history as well as address )] TJ ET BT 34.016 375.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(larger historiographical concerns, such as Navarro?s Mexican identity.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 349.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(McDonald chronicles Navarro?s life in eight robust chapters: ?Roots, 1762-1816?; ?Emerging leader, 1816-)] TJ ET BT 34.016 335.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(22?; ?The making of a legislator, 1822-28?; ?Businessman, land commissioner, and politician, 1828-35?; )] TJ ET BT 34.016 320.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(?Mexican-Texan, 1835-40?; ?Statesman and prisoner, 1840-45?; ?Tejano spokesman, 1845-53?; and ?Elder )] TJ ET BT 34.016 306.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(statesman, 1853-71?. For the interested reader, there are three helpful appendices and an excellent )] TJ ET BT 34.016 292.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(bibliography. In light of McDonald?s analysis, historians can now see Navarro?s place in history more )] TJ ET BT 34.016 278.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(clearly. Rich in anecdotal evidence, McDonald?s study truly brings Jos Antonio Navarro to life for modern )] TJ ET BT 34.016 263.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(readers.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 237.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Nothing was more important to Tejanos than family \(Tijerina, pp. 45-57\). Indeed, it was the bedrock of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 223.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(ranch life in South Texas. Navarro?s intimate relationships with his uncle Jos Francisco Ruiz and brother-)] TJ ET BT 34.016 208.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(in-law Juan Martin de Veramendi showed how familial ties provided a necessary advantage in South Texas. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 194.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(These relationships were invaluable to Navarro early in life and proved instrumental as he grew older. For )] TJ ET BT 34.016 180.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(example, the young Navarro learned the art of politics as a keen observer in the local Bexar assembly; this )] TJ ET BT 34.016 166.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(knowledge was the foundation upon which his legendary political career would be built. When a family )] TJ ET BT 34.016 151.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(member was in a privileged position, those within his ?inner circle? also materially benefited, and Navarro )] TJ ET BT 34.016 137.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(reaped many rewards from these lucrative connections. Likewise, when Navarro became an important man )] TJ ET BT 34.016 123.461 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(in his own right, he used his position to help those close to him and to broker new alliances.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 97.205 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Values such as trust, loyalty, honesty, and respect were the fabric of Tejano society \(Tijerina, pp. 91-106\). )] TJ ET BT 34.016 82.949 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Tejanos were a dominant enclave and held title of some of the choicest pieces of land in South Texas. The )] TJ ET BT 34.016 68.693 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(clever legal maneuverings of many Anglo businessmen left many noble Tejano families landless. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 54.437 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Unscrupulous tactics, such as those employed by some Anglos, left a bitter taste in many Tejanos mouths. )] TJ ET endstream endobj 16 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Contents 17 0 R >> endobj 17 0 obj << /Length 6926 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Anglo encroachments on )] TJ ET BT 156.992 796.469 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(their)] TJ ET BT 179.660 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( lands and rights caused friction and strained relations between both sides. As )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(a result, Tejanos slowly distanced themselves from them. Andrs Tijerina particularly emphasizes the gross )] TJ ET BT 34.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(negligence of some historians who wrongly label Tejanos as ?lazy? or ?drunkards? when, in general, they )] TJ ET BT 34.016 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(worked very hard to overcome a harsh landscape and rarely indulged in alcohol or tobacco. If all Tejanos )] TJ ET BT 34.016 739.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(were lazy drunkards, as some historians have argued, then how were they, like Navarro, able to attain )] TJ ET BT 34.016 725.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(prominent positions under various governments and amass considerable wealth in property? Contrary to the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 710.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(common characterization of Tejanos, most were hard workers who built their ranches from the ground up. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 696.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Navarro was no exception. Because of his distinguished career and popularity, Anglos often tried to ?recruit? )] TJ ET BT 34.016 682.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Navarro to their side and paint him more ?white? than Mexican; he never acquiesced to their insistent )] TJ ET BT 34.016 668.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(overtures. Navarro saw himself as a Mexican first and a Texan second. He tirelessly advocated the rights of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 653.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Tejanos throughout his political career. Navarro?s opponents never questioned his integrity; though they )] TJ ET BT 34.016 639.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(vociferously denounced other Tejanos, they publicly praised Navarro.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 613.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Tejano virtues were refined and reinforced throughout their life through special cultural exchanges and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 599.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(rituals and were inculcated and communicated through education, music and religion \(Tijerina, pp. 91-106; )] TJ ET BT 34.016 584.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(pp. 107-121\). All were important to Navarro but he prized education most. His voracious appetite for )] TJ ET BT 34.016 570.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(learning more than compensated for his lack of formal education. Evidence of his high regard for education )] TJ ET BT 34.016 556.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(was his decision to send his son, Jos Angel, to Harvard College to receive a degree in law. Navarro )] TJ ET BT 34.016 542.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(influenced a great deal of legislation under various Texas governments, including the Constitution at the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 527.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Texas Convention. His advocacy resulted in the removal of language that would have disenfranchised )] TJ ET BT 34.016 513.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Tejanos. Navarro was also a devout Catholic. For instance, when the Know-Nothing Party in the 1850s )] TJ ET BT 34.016 499.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(threatened to hijack Texas politics under an anti-Catholic plank, Navarro and others banded together to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 485.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(defend Texas from such insidious ideas.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 458.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(McDonald?s narrative is filled with thematic threads. A few of these are of great significance in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 444.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(understanding Navarro because he spent the better part of his adult life in their pursuit. They were financial )] TJ ET BT 34.016 430.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(security, freedom and liberty. For Navarro, they )] TJ ET BT 270.296 430.325 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(were)] TJ ET BT 293.624 430.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( the ?American Dream?. Their achievement brought )] TJ ET BT 34.016 416.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(him great personal satisfaction \(McDonald, pp. 88; 114; 126; 144; 241\). Tejanos had a strong connection to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 401.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the land and carved a distinct life out of it. They were a tough, resilient people who relished the freedom and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 387.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(openness of the chaparral. In spite of suffering a debilitating injury to his leg as a young man, Jos Antonio )] TJ ET BT 34.016 373.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(would never let it impede his ambition to realize his aims.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 347.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(McDonald threads his text with Navarro?s desire to fulfill the ?American Dream? and his dogged )] TJ ET BT 34.016 332.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(determination to let nothing, not even imprisonment in Mexico City under threat of death, stand in his way. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 318.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(However, though, this dream was Navarro?s greatest ambition, and he would not compromise his ethics or )] TJ ET BT 34.016 304.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(convictions for mere temporal gain. He felt his destiny required that he do everything in his power to protect )] TJ ET BT 34.016 290.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Tejano rights and promote goodwill between )] TJ ET BT 252.656 290.021 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(all)] TJ ET BT 265.328 290.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( Texans. With this deeply humane portrait, McDonald?s )] TJ ET BT 34.016 275.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(research brings the enigmatic Navarro into focus for a modern audience.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 249.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Navarro is a compelling case study in Tejano character and work ethic. He epitomized many of the character )] TJ ET BT 34.016 235.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(qualities discussed in Tijerina?s study. Though physically impaired, Navarro passionately accumulated )] TJ ET BT 34.016 220.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(property and prestige through various business deals. The ?American Dream? was important but, for )] TJ ET BT 34.016 206.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Navarro, there were some things more precious than money. For Navarro, his character and reputation far )] TJ ET BT 34.016 192.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(surpassed the intrinsic value of any earthly possession. For example, his patience was severely tested when )] TJ ET BT 34.016 178.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(a ?simple? land deal turned into a bureaucratic nightmare, dragging on for several years. There were )] TJ ET BT 34.016 163.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(moments when Navarro bemoaned his misfortune to his friends in letters and, at one point, regretted the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 149.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(decision to ever enter real estate, but his moral resolve would prove far stronger than mere moods or words. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 135.461 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(In one letter, Navarro expressed his frustration with the ?wretched [land] contract? but, soon after, he stated )] TJ ET BT 34.016 121.205 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(unequivocally, that he ?was a slave to [his] word and to [his] honor? \(McDonald, pp. 103; cf. 168\).)] TJ ET endstream endobj 18 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 20 0 R ] /Contents 19 0 R >> endobj 19 0 obj << /Length 1114 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 784.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Jos Antonio Navarro lived in serious times. These two revealing studies broke new ground in Tejano )] TJ ET BT 34.016 770.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(studies and Texas history. They will certainly influence and shape the future course of Texas historiography. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 755.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Because of intrepid historians like those considered in this review, historians are having second thoughts )] TJ ET BT 34.016 741.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(about Tejano history and its place in the new Texas meta-narrative that is quietly emerging.)] TJ ET 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.391 724.975 526.499 1.500 re S BT 34.016 707.195 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Source URL:)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 104.672 707.195 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/review/1181)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 104.672 705.801 m 328.316 705.801 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 680.824 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Links:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 666.424 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([1] http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/item/7836)] TJ ET endstream endobj 20 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 21 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 104.6717 706.1155 328.3157 717.9955 ] >> endobj 21 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/review/1181) >> endobj xref 0 22 0000000000 65535 f 0000000008 00000 n 0000000073 00000 n 0000000119 00000 n 0000000342 00000 n 0000000379 00000 n 0000000533 00000 n 0000000615 00000 n 0000004053 00000 n 0000004162 00000 n 0000004272 00000 n 0000004381 00000 n 0000007942 00000 n 0000008070 00000 n 0000008154 00000 n 0000008219 00000 n 0000015505 00000 n 0000015570 00000 n 0000022549 00000 n 0000022633 00000 n 0000023800 00000 n 0000023928 00000 n trailer << /Size 22 /Root 1 0 R /Info 5 0 R >> startxref 24024 %%EOF