%PDF-1.3 1 0 obj << /Type /Catalog /Outlines 2 0 R /Pages 3 0 R >> endobj 2 0 obj << /Type /Outlines /Count 0 >> endobj 3 0 obj << /Type /Pages /Kids [6 0 R 20 0 R 25 0 R ] /Count 3 /Resources << /ProcSet 4 0 R /Font << /F1 8 0 R /F2 9 0 R /F3 10 0 R >> /XObject << /I1 11 0 R >> >> /MediaBox [0.000 0.000 595.280 841.890] >> endobj 4 0 obj [/PDF /Text /ImageC ] endobj 5 0 obj << /Creator (DOMPDF) /CreationDate (D:20140723030259+01'00') /ModDate (D:20140723030259+01'00') /Title (Morbid Curiosities: Medical Museums in Nineteenth-Century Britain) >> endobj 6 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 12 0 R 15 0 R 18 0 R ] /Contents 7 0 R >> endobj 7 0 obj << /Length 4750 >> stream q 381.750 0 0 120.000 34.016 687.874 cm /I1 Do Q 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Published on )] TJ ET BT 99.356 676.469 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Reviews in History)] TJ ET BT 190.016 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \()] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 197.012 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 197.012 675.075 m 357.332 675.075 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 357.332 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\))] TJ ET 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.391 653.743 526.499 1.500 re S BT 34.016 615.321 Td /F3 18.0 Tf [(Morbid Curiosities: Medical Museums in Nineteenth-Century )] TJ ET BT 34.016 593.937 Td /F3 18.0 Tf [(Britain)] TJ ET BT 34.016 266.195 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(In November of 2011, I listened to Dr Samuel Alberti present a paper on ?Body parts in Bart's? ? one of a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 251.939 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(series of seminars held in St Bartholomew?s pathological museum in West Smithfield. The museum is a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 237.683 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(cavernous room surrounded on all sides by glass specimen jars, making the visitor feel it is they who are as )] TJ ET BT 34.016 223.427 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(much under scrutiny as the specimens themselves. Indeed, the contents of the museum somewhat )] TJ ET BT 34.016 209.171 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(overshadowed the content of the talk itself: the low temperature necessary for the specimens? survival led to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 194.915 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(a chilly hour-and-a-half, while my attention was constantly distracted by the glistening fragments of bone )] TJ ET BT 34.016 180.659 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and flesh that lined the wall next to me. It was impossible to look at any of them without imagining my own )] TJ ET BT 34.016 166.403 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(story about each; I?d recently read about osteomalacia in the 19th century, so the rectangular case containing )] TJ ET BT 34.016 152.147 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(a rib and femur suggested a whole host of questions that the object itself was unable to answer satisfactorily. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 137.891 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Was this a sample of diseased bone, or was it preserved as a ?healthy? benchmark? How did it come to be in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 123.635 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the museum? Who did it belong to? Would )] TJ ET BT 244.004 123.635 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(my)] TJ ET BT 257.996 123.635 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( bones ever end up in a jar on a shelf?)] TJ ET BT 34.016 97.379 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(I?m not alone in such morbid fascination. Historical interest in the dead body seems to have undergone )] TJ ET BT 34.016 83.123 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(significant growth in recent years with works on the dissected body \(Edmondson and Warner?s )] TJ ET BT 494.600 83.123 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Dissection)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 34.016 68.867 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(1\))] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.016 67.473 m 48.008 67.473 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 48.008 68.867 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\), post-mortem photography \(most famously, Stanley Burns? )] TJ ET BT 342.992 68.867 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Sleeping Beauty)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 423.644 68.867 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(2\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 423.644 67.473 m 437.636 67.473 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 437.636 68.867 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\) and even the medical )] TJ ET BT 34.016 54.611 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(uses of the corpse. Richard Sugg?s )] TJ ET BT 204.320 54.611 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Mummies, Cannibals and)] TJ ET BT 330.320 54.611 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Vampires)] TJ ET BT 376.316 54.611 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, also published this year, examines )] TJ ET BT 34.016 563.315 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Review Number:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 549.059 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(1192)] TJ ET BT 34.016 534.803 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publish date:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 520.547 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Sunday, 1 January, 2012)] TJ ET BT 34.016 506.291 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Author:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 492.035 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Samuel Alberti)] TJ ET BT 34.016 477.779 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(ISBN:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 463.523 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(9780199584581)] TJ ET BT 34.016 449.267 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Date of Publication:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 435.011 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(2011)] TJ ET BT 34.016 420.755 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Price:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 406.499 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(55.00)] TJ ET BT 34.016 392.243 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Pages:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 377.987 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(256pp.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 363.731 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publisher:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 349.475 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Oxford University Press)] TJ ET BT 34.016 335.219 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Place of Publication:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 320.963 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Oxford)] TJ ET BT 34.016 306.707 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Reviewer:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 292.451 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Jennifer Wallis)] TJ ET endstream endobj 8 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F1 /BaseFont /Times-Roman /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 9 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F2 /BaseFont /Times-Italic /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 10 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F3 /BaseFont /Times-Bold /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 11 0 obj << /Type /XObject /Subtype /Image /Width 509 /Height 160 /Filter /FlateDecode /DecodeParms << /Predictor 15 /Colors 3 /Columns 509 /BitsPerComponent 8>> /Mask [ 255 255 255 255 255 255 ] /ColorSpace /DeviceRGB /BitsPerComponent 8 /Length 3280>> stream x[EQ㎦fVttҒ +3O{?lGDQԯDrB^.ϯ%~'0۠/2>0AG_>0j0GCfE67>rB^}@  !&y+r?INp:erc b8f=rQC!~-Wf^^zF[)G 2ޯe7V_Go3Ke GEGOo8rώ#\1ZY~N6^H}yLxS-!:412V+u\-LSO?xVvZ|GjǮT_8EYJF=Tw^ 7GxfN/S:Ʌ~ʟtt?5n÷J'JcF-GVξx{rO~tJd;#a\7}|~y'>}c2C vR}f׈**h.)_&@pfzjsx:5;S\vKhM5j=!Cn+h"u]a EUN]jn=k<,:Ք>sU!ni~6EJ)¦72?G}[y}_vc$t?iSܟ2Zݞ,VN?_`='RFK1A2qv&X_lLRWY'%:I㢖zb_UEx\>&ɆBˏ~K@ \gYØU4}$8Dv!'Q'*+Εj(UCGo[#< 2Ja(sZi9fZKE Rn`u\9r^Zmɯ׹}mstO4uc~#'jEvۼ Dx[z ޏQ4KL5,5u3>i^uÒ-53ba ~,~/pyt1fMU'CVm:qv~=Y'Es"WsφG?l_kN5}],Ow7 uh`xƫ?zMl7ٻv$A(4Dl(wwH} ?=[=S;yC]^BK>㕪9`Z'Wj;E|:bf>kCԘ#RY,iv쵗~}n'"1u" *uO΄/2^Sxr(!/DD\~mJyZ!MmrA!#u[if|99WB WΡpp}w}sh#,\ &:%˳X?D3 %W0cC?o̲^} F3XLVn]Cߖiϧ!7}yZJ#P7]=)7Ρp;>> Ye^xx{Oafw{ ;>4gfLt ʊ:q%#r/)pv!O4wGh|dS ӣݽހ-gVUC'pBxrB^} 7JA^} /'8!`:r?}}],X  }6y!`/~Br?}Q< >k7vx"] ,' .3jn{-i}|~%-};b6#U)7繎kiEw 㤳:E}[޼c"rꬊ7Dc$~"/Y&zSd:tFȌCrʙ`7u .#[-<)j ?TGS(j~oTup(hjU4PlJ=}|it.ҽ@\wʨuXÞZcx18Wo<~ikOg,ވ\^?EneyZcc0[R١z|zv7_m:_n]a?osS3~j^ hD.a_X'KfBX6w wݶ"Oa:,bvhrWH[uCF-Xfc}>x+Rz)2N-B 7y^٨;[/vg? | |2Sve}=o䑰j[vWjF0{굦?VI~}xM(_TlG__+]:#к?S} c>GŸD7 !w{S{B =x7a?oE#)+Gz:o_4Q<;n?\tt7?mGCџQGu4kņOF>F?#} hP&ђߴM#u!.СtL2^#o nIk_i.~7tr@n 1P~3?.[]=S5b߮~Yo^HFH YBi8a4iom>CKgMy*;?zqEӕ` >zB9iFzC?XF?ޟIܰ펉A}{I5ᄊx%ez#Mp@rߎpi]IOVjzuJt\۰f׺u5><,J~PTJp1)}){9N {!`/> endstream endobj 12 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 13 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 197.0117 675.3895 357.3317 687.2695 ] >> endobj 13 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews) >> endobj 14 0 obj [6 0 R /Fit] endobj 15 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 16 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 34.0157 67.7875 48.0077 79.6675 ] >> endobj 16 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 17 0 obj [6 0 R /Fit] endobj 18 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 19 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 423.6437 67.7875 437.6357 79.6675 ] >> endobj 19 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 20 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 23 0 R ] /Contents 21 0 R >> endobj 21 0 obj << /Length 7858 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the hitherto-neglected history of corpse medicine and once again places the dead body centre stage.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 510.896 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(3\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 510.896 795.075 m 524.888 795.075 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 524.888 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( Like )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Sugg, Alberti forces us to closely evaluate our feelings about the corpse and its constituent elements, partly )] TJ ET BT 34.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(by eschewing any explicit appeal to sentiment in his analysis. While some readers might be disappointed by )] TJ ET BT 34.016 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(this lack of ethical rumination, the result in both cases is a highly readable and sober account of our )] TJ ET BT 34.016 739.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(relationship with the dead body over time. Alberti is clear in defining his main focus in )] TJ ET BT 454.976 739.445 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Morbid Curiosities)] TJ ET BT 546.656 739.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(: )] TJ ET BT 34.016 725.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(he is ?concerned with the material and museological implications of the circulation of human remains in the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 710.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(nineteenth century? in order to provide some ?much-needed historical context to contemporary debates?.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 684.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Thus, Alberti begins by introducing us to the ?Parliament of Monsters? found at \(appropriately\) )] TJ ET BT 34.016 670.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Bartholomew Fair in Smithfield, where the visitor could gaze upon ?Albinos, painted Indians, Dwarfs?, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 656.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(?Wax-work[s]?, ?modern Merlins, Wild Beasts [and] Puppet-shows?. Both Smithfield?s fair and its )] TJ ET BT 34.016 641.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(museum, he argues, were elements of a Victorian culture of display in which both the living and the dead )] TJ ET BT 34.016 627.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(body had the potential to be transformed into material culture. Drawing on the work of anthropologists as )] TJ ET BT 34.016 613.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(well as historians, Alberti examines the pathological specimen as ?partible person? or ?dividual body?, with )] TJ ET BT 34.016 599.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(human remains in museums forming parts of a wider discourse on death, disease and corporeality. Travelling )] TJ ET BT 34.016 584.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(freak shows and anatomy displays charged the curious public a fee to glimpse nature?s anomalies, while the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 570.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(medical museum typically valued its specimens as teaching aids and producers of knowledge. Though it is )] TJ ET BT 34.016 556.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(always tempting to draw a neat dividing line between ?high? and ?low? cultures of display, Alberti rightly )] TJ ET BT 34.016 542.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(argues that such a clear-cut distinction is difficult to ascertain in this context. Joseph Woodhead, for )] TJ ET BT 34.016 527.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(example, advertised his Liverpool anatomical museum in a way that echoed the medical world?s )] TJ ET BT 34.016 513.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(justification of its teaching collections, albeit in a more raucous tone: his museum was ?An Intellectual )] TJ ET BT 34.016 499.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Study!! And a Public Advantage!!!?)] TJ ET BT 34.016 473.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(This tension between education and sensation is evident throughout )] TJ ET BT 361.652 473.093 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Morbid Curiosities)] TJ ET BT 453.332 473.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, particularly in the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 458.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(chapter ?Viewing pathology? in which Alberti examines the experience of the museum visitor. As much as )] TJ ET BT 34.016 444.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the wealthy individual doctor who collected pathological specimens, the visitor ? whether medical student or )] TJ ET BT 34.016 430.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the general public ? was an ?active [participant] in the construction of [the] meaning? of exhibits. The story )] TJ ET BT 34.016 416.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of the recent )] TJ ET BT 96.992 416.069 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Body Worlds)] TJ ET BT 159.320 416.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( exhibition is in large part the story of the reactions it elicits ? wonder, disgust, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 401.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(awe ? and Alberti demonstrates that this is in many ways a repetition of old arguments. The public display of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 387.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the dead body invariably causes an emotional response on some level, be that response enlightenment, horror )] TJ ET BT 34.016 373.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(or anger \(or, as Alberti classifies reactions to exhibits, ?good, bad or ugly?\). Despite attempts to police )] TJ ET BT 34.016 359.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(visitors into behaviours appropriate to the sober environment of the museum, vandalism was a coincident )] TJ ET BT 34.016 344.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(risk as meddlesome students pierced the lids of jars causing the preservative alcohol to evaporate, or crowds )] TJ ET BT 34.016 330.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(smashed wax models to pieces in protest at the medical commodification of the body. Anyone excessively )] TJ ET BT 34.016 316.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(worried about the evil influence of our modern media on the vulnerable mind would do well to recall the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 302.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(case of a tailor who decapitated his wife after studying the anatomy of the throat at an anatomical exhibition, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 287.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(demonstrating that the medical museum?s influence could spread far beyond its walls.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 261.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(It is refreshing to see that Alberti has avoided the common trap of producing a London-centric study of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 247.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(museums, also examining pathological collections in Glasgow, Edinburgh, Dublin and Manchester. He )] TJ ET BT 34.016 232.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(emphasises that major medical museums in the 19th century were interconnected, the close network between )] TJ ET BT 34.016 218.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(them facilitated by the transfer of specimens through various hands. This focus on general hospital )] TJ ET BT 34.016 204.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(collections, however, does overshadow the role of smaller medical museums elsewhere, which is an )] TJ ET BT 34.016 190.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(unfortunate omission from the book. The chapter on ?Preserving pathology?, for example, would have )] TJ ET BT 34.016 175.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(benefitted from some reference to the role of asylum pathologists in the development of techniques such as )] TJ ET BT 34.016 161.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the use of the microtome for brain sectioning, with many larger asylums maintaining their own museums for )] TJ ET BT 34.016 147.461 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(teaching purposes.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 121.205 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(There are a number of instances where the reader wishes that Alberti had expanded a point ever so slightly; )] TJ ET BT 34.016 106.949 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(his discussion of the presentation of sexual difference in the museum runs to just over two pages, yet makes )] TJ ET BT 34.016 92.693 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(some broad points that leave the reader wanting to read more ? such as how the emerging field of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 78.437 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(gynaecology impacted upon museum displays. The language Alberti uses in this section also raises questions )] TJ ET BT 34.016 64.181 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(about our feelings towards certain body parts and the inevitable emotional involvement of the historian: he )] TJ ET BT 34.016 49.925 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(describes ?man-midwives wrench[ing] the womb from the dead female body?, yet the removal of other body )] TJ ET endstream endobj 22 0 obj [20 0 R /Fit] endobj 23 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 24 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 510.8957 795.3895 524.8877 807.2695 ] >> endobj 24 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 25 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 27 0 R 29 0 R 31 0 R 33 0 R ] /Contents 26 0 R >> endobj 26 0 obj << /Length 5898 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(parts in the book is rarely described in such violent terms. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 770.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Yet if Alberti had chosen to elaborate on every element liable to catch the reader?s attention, the result )] TJ ET BT 34.016 755.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(would likely be a much less enjoyable read. I devoured )] TJ ET BT 301.628 755.957 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Morbid Curiosities )] TJ ET BT 396.308 755.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(in the space of a day; it is one of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 741.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the most accessible scholarly works I have read in a long time and has relevance to readers across various )] TJ ET BT 34.016 727.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(subject areas. Beyond historians of science and medicine, the book also succeeds in speaking to economic )] TJ ET BT 34.016 713.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(historians \(the body as ?currency?, the role of auctions in procuring pathological specimens\), historians of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 698.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(art and visual culture \(the practical skills necessary for anatomical preparation\), and those interested in the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 684.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(history of spaces \(the museum as gendered, as alternately public and private, and as a social and a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 670.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(professional arena\).)] TJ ET BT 34.016 644.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Towards the end of the book, the reader begins to wonder what has become of the objects at the heart of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 629.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Alberti?s analysis, and his conclusion satisfies our curiosity. Many have disappeared as museum collections )] TJ ET BT 34.016 615.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(have become increasingly specialised in line with the development of the discipline of pathology itself, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 601.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(whilst other medical collections have been deemed unsuited to the modern museum where the need to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 587.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(engage with the public is paramount. Earlier in )] TJ ET BT 262.316 587.141 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Morbid Curiosities)] TJ ET BT 353.996 587.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, Alberti expresses his wish to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 572.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(complement rather than add to existing works that address ?the psychological and ethical issues thrown up )] TJ ET BT 34.016 558.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(by the traffic in bodies?, yet by the end of the book there is no way of avoiding the role of emotion in the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 544.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(value placed on human remains, whatever the date of their preservation. The contents of the medical )] TJ ET BT 34.016 530.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(museum, Alberti concludes, proved to be ?both its blessing and its curse?, as legislation such as the 2004 )] TJ ET BT 34.016 515.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Human Tissue Act required museums to obtain licenses to keep body parts, and to prove the provenance of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 501.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(their specimens. Though the Act is just one of many pressures on the medical museum, it is a prime example )] TJ ET BT 34.016 487.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of how our modern sensibilities might affect the very material available to future historians, and in this sense )] TJ ET BT 34.016 473.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Alberti?s book has a relevance far beyond any of the specific subject areas covered here.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 438.195 Td /F3 18.0 Tf [(Notes)] TJ ET BT 48.816 407.578 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(1.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 407.573 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(J. H. Warner and J. M. Edmondson,)] TJ ET BT 236.324 407.573 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [( Dissection. Photographs of a Rite of Passage in American )] TJ ET BT 64.016 393.317 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Medicine: 1880?1930)] TJ ET BT 169.664 393.317 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(New York, NY, 2009\).)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 287.300 393.317 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(1\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 287.300 391.923 m 341.288 391.923 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 48.816 379.066 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(2.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 379.061 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(S. B. Burns, )] TJ ET BT 125.360 379.061 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Sleeping Beauty: Memorial Photography in America)] TJ ET BT 378.992 379.061 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(San Francisco, CA, 1990\), and )] TJ ET BT 64.016 364.805 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Sleeping Beauty II: Grief, Bereavement and the Family in Memorial Photography, American & )] TJ ET BT 64.016 350.549 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(European Traditions)] TJ ET BT 164.360 350.549 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(New York, NY, 2002\). See also A. Linkman, )] TJ ET BT 391.652 350.549 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Photography and Death)] TJ ET BT 507.644 350.549 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(London, )] TJ ET BT 64.016 336.293 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(2011\).)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 95.012 336.293 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(2\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 95.012 334.899 m 149.000 334.899 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 48.816 322.042 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(3.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 322.037 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(R. Sugg, )] TJ ET BT 108.692 322.037 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Mummies, Cannibals and Vampires. 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