%PDF-1.3 1 0 obj << /Type /Catalog /Outlines 2 0 R /Pages 3 0 R >> endobj 2 0 obj << /Type /Outlines /Count 0 >> endobj 3 0 obj << /Type /Pages /Kids [6 0 R 26 0 R 40 0 R 45 0 R 47 0 R 65 0 R ] /Count 6 /Resources << /ProcSet 4 0 R /Font << /F1 8 0 R /F2 9 0 R /F3 10 0 R >> /XObject << /I1 11 0 R >> >> /MediaBox [0.000 0.000 595.280 841.890] >> endobj 4 0 obj [/PDF /Text /ImageC ] endobj 5 0 obj << /Creator (DOMPDF) /CreationDate (D:20140417185144+01'00') /ModDate (D:20140417185144+01'00') /Title (The Making of British Socialism) >> endobj 6 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 12 0 R 15 0 R 18 0 R 21 0 R 24 0 R ] /Contents 7 0 R >> endobj 7 0 obj << /Length 4443 >> stream q 381.750 0 0 120.000 34.016 687.874 cm /I1 Do Q 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Published on )] TJ ET BT 99.356 676.469 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Reviews in History)] TJ ET BT 190.016 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \()] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 197.012 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 197.012 675.075 m 357.332 675.075 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 357.332 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\))] TJ ET 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.391 653.743 526.499 1.500 re S BT 34.016 615.321 Td /F3 18.0 Tf [(The Making of British Socialism)] TJ ET BT 34.016 287.579 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Histories of British socialism are nothing new, with classic studies in the field going back to G. D. H. Cole.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 34.016 273.323 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(1\))] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.016 271.929 m 48.008 271.929 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 48.008 273.323 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( Mark Bevir?s new book, however, comes from a slightly different perspective, in that it focuses on the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 259.067 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(?making? of British socialism in, broadly, the final quarter of the 19th century.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 232.811 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(It has been argued )] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 124.652 232.811 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(2\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 124.652 231.417 m 138.644 231.417 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 138.644 232.811 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( that British socialism is not really a fixed and definitive thing but something which is )] TJ ET BT 34.016 218.555 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(re-made and redefined from time to time. Even if Herbert Morrison?s view that socialism is whatever a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 204.299 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Labour Government does now seems a little implausible we can sense that the structure, framework and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 190.043 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(ideas of the socialist movement of the 1880s are not necessarily those that carry weight today.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 163.787 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(There are already works on this period too. Studies of H. M. Hyndman, the leader of the Social Democratic )] TJ ET BT 34.016 149.531 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Federation \(SDF\), abound )] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 162.668 149.531 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(3\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 162.668 148.137 m 176.660 148.137 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 176.660 149.531 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, and there has been considerable work on the relationship between labour, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 135.275 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(liberal and radical politics towards the end of the 19th century as well as discussion of the culture of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 121.019 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(socialism in the period.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 146.012 121.019 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(4\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 146.012 119.625 m 160.004 119.625 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 94.763 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Bevir, however, argues that a further book is needed on several grounds.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 68.507 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Firstly, the international crisis of capital that has developed after the failure of Lehmann brothers in 2008 has )] TJ ET BT 34.016 54.251 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(provoked a return to the ideas of Marx and inspired to some degree a re-examination of those who were )] TJ ET BT 34.016 584.699 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Review Number:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 570.443 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(1197)] TJ ET BT 34.016 556.187 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publish date:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 541.931 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Sunday, 1 January, 2012)] TJ ET BT 34.016 527.675 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Author:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 513.419 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Mark Bevir)] TJ ET BT 34.016 499.163 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(ISBN:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 484.907 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(9780691150833)] TJ ET BT 34.016 470.651 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Date of Publication:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 456.395 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(2011)] TJ ET BT 34.016 442.139 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Price:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 427.883 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(24.95)] TJ ET BT 34.016 413.627 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Pages:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 399.371 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(368pp.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 385.115 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publisher:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 370.859 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Princeton University Press)] TJ ET BT 34.016 356.603 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Place of Publication:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 342.347 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Princeton, NJ)] TJ ET BT 34.016 328.091 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Reviewer:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 313.835 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Keith Flett)] TJ ET endstream endobj 8 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F1 /BaseFont /Times-Roman /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 9 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F2 /BaseFont /Times-Italic /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 10 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F3 /BaseFont /Times-Bold /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 11 0 obj << /Type /XObject /Subtype /Image /Width 509 /Height 160 /Filter /FlateDecode /DecodeParms << /Predictor 15 /Colors 3 /Columns 509 /BitsPerComponent 8>> /Mask [ 255 255 255 255 255 255 ] /ColorSpace /DeviceRGB /BitsPerComponent 8 /Length 3280>> stream x[EQ㎦fVttҒ +3O{?lGDQԯDrB^.ϯ%~'0۠/2>0AG_>0j0GCfE67>rB^}@  !&y+r?INp:erc b8f=rQC!~-Wf^^zF[)G 2ޯe7V_Go3Ke GEGOo8rώ#\1ZY~N6^H}yLxS-!:412V+u\-LSO?xVvZ|GjǮT_8EYJF=Tw^ 7GxfN/S:Ʌ~ʟtt?5n÷J'JcF-GVξx{rO~tJd;#a\7}|~y'>}c2C vR}f׈**h.)_&@pfzjsx:5;S\vKhM5j=!Cn+h"u]a EUN]jn=k<,:Ք>sU!ni~6EJ)¦72?G}[y}_vc$t?iSܟ2Zݞ,VN?_`='RFK1A2qv&X_lLRWY'%:I㢖zb_UEx\>&ɆBˏ~K@ \gYØU4}$8Dv!'Q'*+Εj(UCGo[#< 2Ja(sZi9fZKE Rn`u\9r^Zmɯ׹}mstO4uc~#'jEvۼ Dx[z ޏQ4KL5,5u3>i^uÒ-53ba ~,~/pyt1fMU'CVm:qv~=Y'Es"WsφG?l_kN5}],Ow7 uh`xƫ?zMl7ٻv$A(4Dl(wwH} ?=[=S;yC]^BK>㕪9`Z'Wj;E|:bf>kCԘ#RY,iv쵗~}n'"1u" *uO΄/2^Sxr(!/DD\~mJyZ!MmrA!#u[if|99WB WΡpp}w}sh#,\ &:%˳X?D3 %W0cC?o̲^} F3XLVn]Cߖiϧ!7}yZJ#P7]=)7Ρp;>> Ye^xx{Oafw{ ;>4gfLt ʊ:q%#r/)pv!O4wGh|dS ӣݽހ-gVUC'pBxrB^} 7JA^} /'8!`:r?}}],X  }6y!`/~Br?}Q< >k7vx"] ,' .3jn{-i}|~%-};b6#U)7繎kiEw 㤳:E}[޼c"rꬊ7Dc$~"/Y&zSd:tFȌCrʙ`7u .#[-<)j ?TGS(j~oTup(hjU4PlJ=}|it.ҽ@\wʨuXÞZcx18Wo<~ikOg,ވ\^?EneyZcc0[R١z|zv7_m:_n]a?osS3~j^ hD.a_X'KfBX6w wݶ"Oa:,bvhrWH[uCF-Xfc}>x+Rz)2N-B 7y^٨;[/vg? | |2Sve}=o䑰j[vWjF0{굦?VI~}xM(_TlG__+]:#к?S} c>GŸD7 !w{S{B =x7a?oE#)+Gz:o_4Q<;n?\tt7?mGCџQGu4kņOF>F?#} hP&ђߴM#u!.СtL2^#o nIk_i.~7tr@n 1P~3?.[]=S5b߮~Yo^HFH YBi8a4iom>CKgMy*;?zqEӕ` >zB9iFzC?XF?ޟIܰ펉A}{I5ᄊx%ez#Mp@rߎpi]IOVjzuJt\۰f׺u5><,J~PTJp1)}){9N {!`/> endstream endobj 12 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 13 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 197.0117 675.3895 357.3317 687.2695 ] >> endobj 13 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews) >> endobj 14 0 obj [6 0 R /Fit] endobj 15 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 16 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 34.0157 272.2435 48.0077 284.1235 ] >> endobj 16 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 17 0 obj [6 0 R /Fit] endobj 18 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 19 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 124.6517 231.7315 138.6437 243.6115 ] >> endobj 19 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 20 0 obj [6 0 R /Fit] endobj 21 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 22 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 162.6677 148.4515 176.6597 160.3315 ] >> endobj 22 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 23 0 obj [6 0 R /Fit] endobj 24 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 25 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 146.0117 119.9395 160.0037 131.8195 ] >> endobj 25 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 26 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 29 0 R 32 0 R 35 0 R 38 0 R ] /Contents 27 0 R >> endobj 27 0 obj << /Length 6874 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(influenced by them to oppose Victorian capitalism.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 770.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(If we can agree that socialism in 2011 is not exactly the same as it was in 1881 we might also concur that )] TJ ET BT 34.016 755.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(many fundamental ideas, for example about labour and wealth, remain valid. On the other side, the core of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 741.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(market capitalism from that period is also still very much in place.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 715.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Secondly the activism that has developed as anger about the activities of bankers has grown ? represented in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 701.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(particular by the Occupy movement ? has provoked a new interest in the ideas and activities of earlier )] TJ ET BT 34.016 686.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(socialists. How did they understand capitalism and what strategies did they use to oppose and contain it?)] TJ ET BT 34.016 660.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(There is thus a real case for the relevance of Bevir?s book, and he has argued the point himself, pointing out )] TJ ET BT 34.016 646.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(that while the financial crisis has provoked a renewed interest in the history of socialist ideas there is little )] TJ ET BT 34.016 632.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(understanding of the diversity of thought that exists.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 284.672 632.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(5\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 284.672 630.771 m 298.664 630.771 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 605.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(What Bevir seeks to do is to show the breadth of the origins of the British socialist tradition, taking it well )] TJ ET BT 34.016 591.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(beyond the narrow Labourism that Ralph Miliband described in )] TJ ET BT 342.980 591.653 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Parliamentary Socialism)] TJ ET BT 462.644 591.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 465.644 591.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(6\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 465.644 590.259 m 479.636 590.259 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 479.636 591.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( Indeed in his )] TJ ET BT 34.016 577.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(2005 book on New Labour )] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 166.328 577.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(7\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 166.328 576.003 m 180.320 576.003 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 180.320 577.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( Bevir argues that there should be a lot more to left-of-centre politics in terms )] TJ ET BT 34.016 563.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of breadth and variety than the familiar focus on moderate parliamentary reform from above)] TJ ET BT 34.016 536.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(In an introduction which reviews issues of historiography and theory Bevir argues that the ?pulling down of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 522.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the Berlin Wall? and the idea that ?global capitalism has swept all before it? are excellent reasons to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 508.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(?reconsider the history of socialism? \(p. 2\). He aims therefore to ?retrieve lost socialist voices, their histories )] TJ ET BT 34.016 494.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and their continuing legacies? \(p. 3\).)] TJ ET BT 34.016 467.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(It may be argued that for the generation of the left that was around in the 1960s and 1970s the material that )] TJ ET BT 34.016 453.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Bevir covers in the book is hardly ?lost?, and it might be more accurate to say that he is revisiting and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 439.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(reviewing figures and ideas from the last quarter of the 19th century that have been little looked at in the last )] TJ ET BT 34.016 425.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(30 years.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 398.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Historiographically Bevir situates himself beyond the ?old? labour history which took a top down look at the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 384.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(men [it was nearly always men] and the institutions that had helped to build ?this great movement of ours?. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 370.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(He adheres firmly to a post-E. P. Thompson ?history from below? focus and also takes something from the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 356.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(now somewhat dated ?linguistic turn? which privileged the language used by radicals. Although Bevir does )] TJ ET BT 34.016 341.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(not dwell on theory, he indicates that what people say has to be related to material developments. In other )] TJ ET BT 34.016 327.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(words he is not a postmodernist.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 301.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(His focus on leaders, unavoidably mostly men, does however lead Bevir to argue that ?the making of British )] TJ ET BT 34.016 287.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(socialism was, at least initially, a middle class affair? \(p. 37\). He does not come from a labour history )] TJ ET BT 34.016 272.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(background, and so fails to discuss the ?gentleman leader? )] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 317.960 272.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(8\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 317.960 271.395 m 331.952 271.395 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 331.952 272.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, a category which can help to explain the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 258.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(origins and behaviours of many leaders of the working-class movement in the 19th century from Henry Hunt )] TJ ET BT 34.016 244.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(onwards.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 218.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The book contains summaries of many of the leading late 19)] TJ ET BT 324.644 222.677 Td /F1 10.7 Tf [(th)] TJ ET BT 332.942 218.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(-century figures of the socialist movement )] TJ ET BT 34.016 203.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(together with assessments of the ideas that they held and their wider impact.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 177.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(With some justification he adopts a chronological approach, looking at Marxism and the Social Democratic )] TJ ET BT 34.016 163.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Federation, the Fabians and finally what he broadly terms ?ethical socialists?, including anarchists and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 148.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(others. The movement developed in this way from the early 1880s so his categories make sound historical )] TJ ET BT 34.016 134.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(sense.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 108.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(To a degree Bevir has written a book of synthesis and interpretation rather than original research. However, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 94.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the scholarly apparatus is there to allow those interested to pursue matters further.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 67.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Bevir?s background in the history of ideas is unusual for someone writing on the history of British socialism. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 53.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The majority of authors in the field are socialist activists and/or theorists who do not have other academic )] TJ ET endstream endobj 28 0 obj [26 0 R /Fit] endobj 29 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 30 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 284.6717 631.0855 298.6637 642.9655 ] >> endobj 30 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 31 0 obj [26 0 R /Fit] endobj 32 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 33 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 465.6437 590.5735 479.6357 602.4535 ] >> endobj 33 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 34 0 obj [26 0 R /Fit] endobj 35 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 36 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 166.3277 576.3175 180.3197 588.1975 ] >> endobj 36 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 37 0 obj [26 0 R /Fit] endobj 38 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 39 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 317.9597 271.7095 331.9517 283.5895 ] >> endobj 39 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 40 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 43 0 R ] /Contents 41 0 R >> endobj 41 0 obj << /Length 6023 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(pedigrees.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 770.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Bevir has a well worked-out position on the history of political ideas and in particular on how political )] TJ ET BT 34.016 755.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(traditions develop and relate to each other.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 238.304 755.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(9\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 238.304 754.563 m 252.296 754.563 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 252.296 755.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( The book focusses on ?theory? rather than ?practice?, but )] TJ ET BT 34.016 741.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(there is also an indication that Bevir disagrees with mechanical or linear views of how political positions )] TJ ET BT 34.016 727.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(grow and develop)] TJ ET BT 34.016 701.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Before looking at the ?Marxists? \(part one\), Bevir has a chapter on the ?Victorian context?, in which he )] TJ ET BT 34.016 686.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(deals with the political and religious ideas of the mid-Victorian period and argues that the early labour )] TJ ET BT 34.016 672.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(movement developed from these rather than broke with them. Here he looks at Gareth Stedman Jones? idea )] TJ ET BT 34.016 658.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(that Chartism led into Gladstonian Liberalism and hence to the labour movement. The point is to underline a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 644.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(continuity of radical tradition. The alternative is to see the working class movement developing in peaks and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 629.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(troughs. Chartism is one peak and then 30 to 40 years later come the further peaks of the SDF and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 615.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Independent Labour Party. The point of this alternative view is to argue for a progress in labour history both )] TJ ET BT 34.016 601.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(in terms of ideas and of organisational strength.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 563.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The figures Bevir chooses to consider are familiar ones to labour historians, albeit, as I note above, not )] TJ ET BT 34.016 548.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(necessarily well-known to a modern audience interested in the history of the British socialist movement.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 522.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(For the SDF he devotes a chapter each to Belfort Bax, Henry Hyndman and William Morris with a final )] TJ ET BT 34.016 508.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(section on the SDF itself. The quirks, idiosyncracies and eccentricities of the party and its leadership are )] TJ ET BT 34.016 494.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(familiar in labour history and often viewed with a certain disdain. Certainly well known members like Tom )] TJ ET BT 34.016 479.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Mann were often active despite rather than because of the SDF?s best efforts. Equally Engels disliked the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 465.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(mechanical, and worse, view of Marxism propounded by the SDF?s leadership and favoured the less )] TJ ET BT 34.016 451.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(formally Marxist activities of the Independent Labour Party, which he saw as being more rooted in the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 437.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(working-class movement. This is an important point which I will return to below.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 410.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Nevertheless, as Bevir demonstrates, for all its distortions, the SDF did debate, more or less for the first )] TJ ET BT 34.016 396.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(time, some key issues for the labour movement. It looked at what political programme a Marxist political )] TJ ET BT 34.016 382.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(party should have and of course argued about it. When it came to whether or not to participate in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 368.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Parliamentary elections no agreement was possible and a split took place. William Morris and a range of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 353.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(extra-Parliamentary and anti-Parliamentary socialists left to form the Socialist League. While Morris was a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 339.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Marxist ? albeit of a rather different type to Belfort Bax and Hyndman ? some Leaguers were anarchists.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 313.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Labour history has portrayed both the SDF and the Socialist League as ?propaganda sects?, that is )] TJ ET BT 34.016 299.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(organisations that proclaimed ideas rather than actually did a great deal on the ground. For that reason later )] TJ ET BT 34.016 284.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(generations have tended to view at least the SDF rather condescendingly. I?d argue that this is a mistake. For )] TJ ET BT 34.016 270.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(all its faults the SDF introduced a version of Marxist thought into the British working-class movement and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 256.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(had some real influence on later developments such as the formation of the Communist Party of Great )] TJ ET BT 34.016 242.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Britain in 1920. But more particularly its very existence as an organisation promoted working-class activity )] TJ ET BT 34.016 227.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(at times, even despite itself. It turned up on demonstrations such as Bloody Sunday in 1887 in Trafalgar )] TJ ET BT 34.016 213.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Square and itself encouraged agitation amongst the unemployed. It was of course primarily promoting its )] TJ ET BT 34.016 199.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(ideas but in just turning up it attracted supporters and indeed some of the very best working class activists )] TJ ET BT 34.016 184.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and organisers. Its national structure helped to facilitate their activities even if that was not the idea of the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 170.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(SDF leadership. Bevir does not touch on this matter, and though it is not centrally what the book is about, if )] TJ ET BT 34.016 156.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(a discussion of the SDF helps to remind a new generation that it was not entirely a bad thing it will be useful.)] TJ ET endstream endobj 42 0 obj [40 0 R /Fit] endobj 43 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 44 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 238.3037 754.8775 252.2957 766.7575 ] >> endobj 44 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 45 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Contents 46 0 R >> endobj 46 0 obj << /Length 6551 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 784.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Next Bevir turns to the Fabians. He notes \(p. 133\) that they were ?more interested in discussion than action?, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 770.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and so usefully he begins this section of the book with a review of Fabian theories on economics and rent. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 755.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The point is to distinguish what Bevir identifies as a liberal radical view of political economy from the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 741.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Marxist understandings of the SDF. Moreover if the SDF was hardly a large organisation, with hundreds and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 727.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(sometimes a few thousand adherents at best, the Fabians were even smaller than that. So here Bevir?s focus )] TJ ET BT 34.016 713.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(on ideas fits very well indeed.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 686.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(He makes some standard points on the Fabians which again are well worth revisiting. They had a number of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 672.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(strands and traditions within them, from varieties of Marxism to liberalism and radicalism. The left at this )] TJ ET BT 34.016 658.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(time, the SDF notwithstanding, did not recognise the more rigid distinctions between ?reform? and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 644.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(?revolution? that later became such a familiar discussion. He also touches on the question of what influence )] TJ ET BT 34.016 629.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the Fabians really had. He notes the point made by Eric Hobsbawn and others that they were a small group )] TJ ET BT 34.016 615.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of middle-class intellectuals with little real influence on the growth of the labour movement.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 589.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Bevir?s view is that Fabians? focus on theories of rent, politically therefore the question of ownership of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 575.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(land and nationalisation, allowed them to develop radical but non-Marxist economic theories. He argues that )] TJ ET BT 34.016 560.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(there was not one but several different Fabian approaches to the matter and that once this is understood the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 546.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(need to ?rethink the historiography of Fabianism? \(p. 150\) can be grasped.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 520.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Bevir?s discussion of George Bernard Shaw and whether he was a Marxist, anarchist or something else, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 506.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(which follows, is one of the less satisfactory parts of the book. Certainly Shaw?s politics are dealt with )] TJ ET BT 34.016 491.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(comprehensively. While Shaw may not be identified nowadays as a leading figure in the making of British )] TJ ET BT 34.016 477.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(socialism, he certainly played a major role for a few years in the 1880s, firstly in the SDF and then through )] TJ ET BT 34.016 463.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the Fabians. In reality it is to be doubted if he had settled politics ? hence the less than conclusive nature of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 449.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the chapter ? and that surely is the key point. This was a formative period of British socialist politics when it )] TJ ET BT 34.016 434.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(was possible to hold views which in later periods would have been seen as being in opposition to each other.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 408.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(If Shaw is these days seen as a comparatively marginal figure in the development of British socialism, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 394.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Bevir?s next chapter deals with a figure who remains central, Sidney Webb. His treatment of Webb is an )] TJ ET BT 34.016 380.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(altogether more satisfactory one. He argues for a revision in the stereotyping of Webb as a Fabian Statist )] TJ ET BT 34.016 365.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(bureaucrat, starting with the need to review his earlier research material.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 339.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Bevir suggests that ?portraits of the Webbs as bureaucratic elitists rather miss the mark? \(p. 188\). He )] TJ ET BT 34.016 325.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(emphasises the impact of ethical positivist and evolutionary sociological thinkers ? Comte, Darwin and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 311.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Spencer ? on their politics. In a detailed review of Sidney Webb?s ideas and their practical implications )] TJ ET BT 34.016 296.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Bevir argues that he was not in favour of the overarching State bureaucracy with which he has become )] TJ ET BT 34.016 282.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(associated.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 256.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(A consideration of Webb?s thought leads into a discussion of the practical political implications under the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 242.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(heading of ?permeation?. The SDF?s dismal performance in Parliamentary elections suggested to many in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 227.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the 1880s that trying to build a stand-alone left-wing party would not work. Shaw favoured a policy of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 213.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(working with, and trying to detach from the mainstream Liberal Party, more radical elements. By contrast )] TJ ET BT 34.016 199.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Webb argued for a policy of working with and within the Liberal Party to persuade them of Fabian policies. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 184.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Webb was in a minority and later changed his view as to the possibility of doing this.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 158.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(There was however an alternative to the rather sterile propaganda of the SDF and the permeation strategies )] TJ ET BT 34.016 144.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of the Fabians. This was to form an independent labour party relating to more progressive and newly-arising )] TJ ET BT 34.016 130.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(elements in the trade unions and to liberals where they could. Bevir notes the development of the ILP but it )] TJ ET BT 34.016 115.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(is not a major focus of his book. There is indeed a considerable literature on the foundation and early years )] TJ ET BT 34.016 101.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of the ILP but it would have been interesting to read Bevir?s substantive assessment, not least to allow a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 87.461 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(comparison with his analysis of the SDF.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 61.205 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The final section of the book deals with a range of ethical socialists, anarchists and others who, while they )] TJ ET endstream endobj 47 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 50 0 R 53 0 R 55 0 R 57 0 R 59 0 R 61 0 R 63 0 R ] /Contents 48 0 R >> endobj 48 0 obj << /Length 7599 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(certainly believed in changing the world, thought this should start with changing oneself. Arguably the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(person most closely identified with this area is Edward Carpenter and Sheila Rowbotham has written several )] TJ ET BT 34.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(books around the theme of socialism and the new life covering his activities and ideas.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 449.624 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(10\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 449.624 766.563 m 469.616 766.563 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 741.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(While Bevir does not add substantively to previous research into ethical socialism, communal living and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 727.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Labour Churches he still provides some useful analytical correctives to some of the earlier frameworks )] TJ ET BT 34.016 713.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(deployed to address them. He argues that they need to be understood in their own right and not as something )] TJ ET BT 34.016 698.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(which arose because society was becoming increasingly secular or because people were looking for )] TJ ET BT 34.016 684.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(substitute faiths. Further he points out that in the case of the Labour Churches not only were there strong )] TJ ET BT 34.016 670.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(links to the ILP but many leading figures actually retained formal religious positions. He might have added )] TJ ET BT 34.016 656.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(that in any case religion, particularly Methodism, continued to have a very strong place in the labour )] TJ ET BT 34.016 641.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(movement of this period.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 615.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The book concludes by returning to the present day and suggesting a certain crisis of socialist ideas with the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 601.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(apparent dominance of the market and neo-liberalism. Bevir might well have concluded rather differently if )] TJ ET BT 34.016 587.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(he had been writing at the end of the momentous events of 2011. However his core argument that the history )] TJ ET BT 34.016 572.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of British socialism contains statist and bureaucratic strains, but also much thought that differs from this, and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 558.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(that all elements of the tradition are worthy of consideration in any attempt to renew socialism, certainly )] TJ ET BT 34.016 544.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(remains valid.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 518.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Unsurprisingly, given his background, Bevir?s focus is on more on ideas and theory than practice. Yet )] TJ ET BT 34.016 503.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(practice can tell us a lot. What people do is often a better guide to what people really think and believe than )] TJ ET BT 34.016 489.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(what they say in the meeting room. Hence the book contains no reference to E. P. Thompson?s seminal )] TJ ET BT 34.016 475.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(?Homage to Tom Maguire? for example.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 230.636 475.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(11\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 230.636 473.955 m 250.628 473.955 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 250.628 475.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( The article notes that socialism at the time Bevir is writing of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 461.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(was really built not in London Head Offices by great men but in the shadowy areas known as the provinces )] TJ ET BT 34.016 446.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(by unknown activists like Maguire. Maguire, who did not live much beyond thirty, was tasked with trying to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 432.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(organise a new labour movement, divorced from tired liberal ideas and practices, in Leeds in the 1890s. He )] TJ ET BT 34.016 418.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(was well aware of national organisations and the debates between the SDF and Socialist League. But he had )] TJ ET BT 34.016 404.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(to organise workers, prosecute strikes and all the while convince those involved that socialist ideas were the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 389.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(way to take things forward. Maguire succeeded brilliantly as did similar organisers around the country, and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 375.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(this underlines the point that British socialism was built on the ground from the bottom up by unknown )] TJ ET BT 34.016 361.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(activists as much as it was by Hyndman, Shaw and others.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 335.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(As a consequence, Bevir?s book should be seen as a valuable summary of leaders and ideas that have been )] TJ ET BT 34.016 320.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(too little discussed over the past few decades, but it is far from the last historical word on the current debate )] TJ ET BT 34.016 306.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(about how the left should go forward.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 280.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(For example, while historical argument about the role of women in the development of the working-class )] TJ ET BT 34.016 266.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(movement is covered in the introduction there is surprisingly little detail in the book. While the book?s title )] TJ ET BT 34.016 251.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(refers to ?British socialism? there is very little mention of Scotland and Wales either. While his argument )] TJ ET BT 34.016 237.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(might be that developments in these countries were not substantively different to those in England, it does )] TJ ET BT 34.016 223.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(still need to be made.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 196.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(That aside Bevir has made a useful contribution to what should be considered a historical work in progress.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 162.099 Td /F3 18.0 Tf [(Notes)] TJ ET BT 48.816 131.482 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(1.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 131.477 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(G. D. H. Cole, )] TJ ET BT 136.676 131.477 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(British Working Class Politics, 1832?1914)] TJ ET BT 343.028 131.477 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(London, 1941\).)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 424.352 131.477 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(1\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 424.352 130.083 m 478.340 130.083 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 48.816 117.226 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(2.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 117.221 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Gareth Stedman Jones, )] TJ ET BT 177.332 117.221 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Languages of Class: Studies in English Working-Class History, 1832?1982)] TJ ET BT 64.016 102.965 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(Cambridge, 1983\).)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 158.336 102.965 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(2\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 158.336 101.571 m 212.324 101.571 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 48.816 88.714 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(3.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 88.709 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(C. H. Tsuzuki, )] TJ ET BT 137.348 88.709 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Hydman and British Socialism)] TJ ET BT 284.348 88.709 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(Oxford, 1961\).)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 362.996 88.709 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(3\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 362.996 87.315 m 416.984 87.315 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 48.816 74.458 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(4.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 74.453 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(C. Waters, )] TJ ET BT 118.004 74.453 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(British Socialists and the Politics of Popular Culture 1884-1914)] TJ ET BT 427.364 74.453 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(Manchester, 1990\).)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 527.336 74.453 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back )] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 527.336 73.059 m 554.996 73.059 l S BT 64.016 60.197 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(to \(4\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 64.016 58.803 m 90.344 58.803 l S endstream endobj 49 0 obj [47 0 R /Fit] endobj 50 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 51 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 449.6237 766.8775 469.6157 778.7575 ] >> endobj 51 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 52 0 obj [47 0 R /Fit] endobj 53 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 54 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 230.6357 474.2695 250.6277 486.1495 ] >> endobj 54 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 55 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 56 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 424.3517 130.3975 478.3397 142.2775 ] >> endobj 56 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /GoTo /D 14 0 R >> endobj 57 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 58 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 158.3357 101.8855 212.3237 113.7655 ] >> endobj 58 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /GoTo /D 17 0 R >> endobj 59 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 60 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 362.9957 87.6295 416.9837 99.5095 ] >> endobj 60 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /GoTo /D 20 0 R >> endobj 61 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 62 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 527.3357 73.3735 554.9957 85.2535 ] >> endobj 62 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /GoTo /D 23 0 R >> endobj 63 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 64 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 64.0157 59.1175 90.3437 70.9975 ] >> endobj 64 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /GoTo /D 23 0 R >> endobj 65 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 67 0 R 69 0 R 71 0 R 73 0 R 75 0 R 77 0 R 79 0 R 81 0 R 83 0 R 85 0 R 87 0 R 89 0 R ] /Contents 66 0 R >> endobj 66 0 obj << /Length 5131 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 48.816 796.474 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(5.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Mark Bevir, ?Alternative pleasures?, )] TJ ET BT 243.968 796.469 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Berfrois)] TJ ET BT 283.304 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, October 25 2011 < )] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 64.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.berfrois.com/2011/10/mark-bevir-marxism-fabianism/)] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 64.016 780.819 m 382.652 780.819 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 385.652 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([2])] TJ ET BT 399.644 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(> [accessed 3 January 2012].)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 64.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(5\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 64.016 766.563 m 118.004 766.563 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 48.816 753.706 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(6.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Ralph Miliband, )] TJ ET BT 145.688 753.701 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Parliamentary Socialism)] TJ ET BT 265.352 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(London, 1960\).)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 346.676 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(6\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 346.676 752.307 m 400.664 752.307 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 48.816 739.450 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(7.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 739.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Mark Bevir, )] TJ ET BT 125.672 739.445 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(New Labour: A Critique)] TJ ET BT 242.684 739.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(London 2005\).)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 321.008 739.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(7\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 321.008 738.051 m 374.996 738.051 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 48.816 725.194 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(8.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 725.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(See John Belchem and James Epstein, ?The nineteenth-century gentleman leader revisited?, )] TJ ET BT 508.256 725.189 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Social )] TJ ET BT 64.016 710.933 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(History)] TJ ET BT 100.016 710.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, 22, 2 \(May 1997\).)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 193.004 710.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(8\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 193.004 709.539 m 246.992 709.539 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 48.816 696.682 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(9.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 696.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Mark Bevir, )] TJ ET BT 125.672 696.677 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The Logic of the History of Ideas)] TJ ET BT 284.336 696.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(Cambridge, 1999\).)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 381.656 696.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(9\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 381.656 695.283 m 435.644 695.283 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 42.816 682.426 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(10.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 682.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Sheila Rowbotham, )] TJ ET BT 161.684 682.421 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Edward Carpenter: A Life of Liberty and Love)] TJ ET BT 385.352 682.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(London, 2008\).)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 466.676 682.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(10\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 466.676 681.027 m 526.664 681.027 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 42.816 668.170 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(11.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 668.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(E. P. Thompson, 'Homage to Tom Maguire', in )] TJ ET BT 292.328 668.165 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Essays in Labour History: in Memory of G. D. H. )] TJ ET BT 64.016 653.909 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Cole, 25 September 1889?14 January 1959)] TJ ET BT 272.660 653.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, ed. Asa Briggs and John Saville \(London, 1960\).)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 513.308 653.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to )] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 513.308 652.515 m 553.304 652.515 l S BT 64.016 639.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(11\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 64.016 638.259 m 84.008 638.259 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 613.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The author does not wish to respond.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 587.141 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Other reviews:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 572.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Blavatsky News)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 34.016 558.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://blavatskynews.blogspot.com/2011/07/no-subject-now-appears-immune-to.html)] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.016 557.235 m 444.332 557.235 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 447.332 558.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([3])] TJ ET BT 34.016 544.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Berfrois)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 34.016 530.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.berfrois.com/2011/10/mark-bevir-marxism-fabianism/)] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.016 528.723 m 352.652 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