%PDF-1.3 1 0 obj << /Type /Catalog /Outlines 2 0 R /Pages 3 0 R >> endobj 2 0 obj << /Type /Outlines /Count 0 >> endobj 3 0 obj << /Type /Pages /Kids [6 0 R 14 0 R 19 0 R 30 0 R 56 0 R ] /Count 5 /Resources << /ProcSet 4 0 R /Font << /F1 8 0 R /F2 9 0 R /F3 10 0 R >> /XObject << /I1 11 0 R >> >> /MediaBox [0.000 0.000 595.280 841.890] >> endobj 4 0 obj [/PDF /Text /ImageC ] endobj 5 0 obj << /Creator (DOMPDF) /CreationDate (D:20140721194949+01'00') /ModDate (D:20140721194949+01'00') /Title (Bourgeois Consumption: Food, Space and Identity in London and Paris, 1850-1914) >> endobj 6 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 12 0 R ] /Contents 7 0 R >> endobj 7 0 obj << /Length 4123 >> stream q 381.750 0 0 120.000 34.016 687.874 cm /I1 Do Q 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Published on )] TJ ET BT 99.356 676.469 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Reviews in History)] TJ ET BT 190.016 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \()] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 197.012 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 197.012 675.075 m 357.332 675.075 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 357.332 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\))] TJ ET 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.391 653.743 526.499 1.500 re S BT 34.016 615.321 Td /F3 18.0 Tf [(Bourgeois Consumption: Food, Space and Identity in London and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 593.937 Td /F3 18.0 Tf [(Paris, 1850-1914)] TJ ET BT 34.016 266.195 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Over the past generation of scholarship, the history of consumption and material culture has emerged as a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 251.939 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(rich subfield of European history. From Victoria de Grazia and Ellen Furlough?s groundbreaking anthology, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 237.683 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The Sex of Things: Gender and Consumption in Historical Perspective )] TJ ET BT 376.664 237.683 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(1997\) to Daniel Roche?s )] TJ ET BT 34.016 223.427 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(monumental )] TJ ET BT 97.016 223.427 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(History of Everyday Things )] TJ ET BT 232.340 223.427 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(1997 French ed., 2000 English trans.\), scholars of consumption )] TJ ET BT 34.016 209.171 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(have deepened our understanding of modern European law, politics, art, and culture through detailed )] TJ ET BT 34.016 194.915 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(attention to the goods that mediated social relationships. Consumption history unites insights from )] TJ ET BT 34.016 180.659 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(anthropology, sociology and economics with careful historical analysis to reveal what objects mean in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 166.403 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(cultural context.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 140.147 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Rachel Rich?s book contributes to this growing field, and promises to investigate what, where and how )] TJ ET BT 34.016 125.891 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(people ate in 19th-century Paris and London. This is a worthwhile text for specialists in the field of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 111.635 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(consumption history and the history of foodways. Uniting a wide array of published and archival sources, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 97.379 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Rich advances an argument that architectural design, class and gender identities shaped culinary )] TJ ET BT 34.016 83.123 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(consumption choices in the western European capital cities. As the title makes clear, the author strives to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 68.867 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(focus firmly on the urban middle classes. Her approach raised several questions for this reader. Who )] TJ ET BT 34.016 54.611 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(constituted the middle classes? Is middle class the same as bourgeois? According to Rich, the terms )] TJ ET BT 34.016 563.315 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Review Number:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 549.059 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(1198)] TJ ET BT 34.016 534.803 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publish date:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 520.547 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Sunday, 1 January, 2012)] TJ ET BT 34.016 506.291 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Author:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 492.035 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Rachel Rich)] TJ ET BT 34.016 477.779 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(ISBN:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 463.523 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(9780719081125)] TJ ET BT 34.016 449.267 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Date of Publication:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 435.011 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(2011)] TJ ET BT 34.016 420.755 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Price:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 406.499 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(55.00)] TJ ET BT 34.016 392.243 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Pages:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 377.987 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(240pp.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 363.731 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publisher:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 349.475 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Manchester University Press)] TJ ET BT 34.016 335.219 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Place of Publication:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 320.963 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Manchester)] TJ ET BT 34.016 306.707 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Reviewer:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 292.451 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Jennifer Davis)] TJ ET endstream endobj 8 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F1 /BaseFont /Times-Roman /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 9 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F2 /BaseFont /Times-Italic /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 10 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F3 /BaseFont /Times-Bold /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 11 0 obj << /Type /XObject /Subtype /Image /Width 509 /Height 160 /Filter /FlateDecode /DecodeParms << /Predictor 15 /Colors 3 /Columns 509 /BitsPerComponent 8>> /Mask [ 255 255 255 255 255 255 ] /ColorSpace /DeviceRGB /BitsPerComponent 8 /Length 3280>> stream x[EQ㎦fVttҒ +3O{?lGDQԯDrB^.ϯ%~'0۠/2>0AG_>0j0GCfE67>rB^}@  !&y+r?INp:erc b8f=rQC!~-Wf^^zF[)G 2ޯe7V_Go3Ke GEGOo8rώ#\1ZY~N6^H}yLxS-!:412V+u\-LSO?xVvZ|GjǮT_8EYJF=Tw^ 7GxfN/S:Ʌ~ʟtt?5n÷J'JcF-GVξx{rO~tJd;#a\7}|~y'>}c2C vR}f׈**h.)_&@pfzjsx:5;S\vKhM5j=!Cn+h"u]a EUN]jn=k<,:Ք>sU!ni~6EJ)¦72?G}[y}_vc$t?iSܟ2Zݞ,VN?_`='RFK1A2qv&X_lLRWY'%:I㢖zb_UEx\>&ɆBˏ~K@ \gYØU4}$8Dv!'Q'*+Εj(UCGo[#< 2Ja(sZi9fZKE Rn`u\9r^Zmɯ׹}mstO4uc~#'jEvۼ Dx[z ޏQ4KL5,5u3>i^uÒ-53ba ~,~/pyt1fMU'CVm:qv~=Y'Es"WsφG?l_kN5}],Ow7 uh`xƫ?zMl7ٻv$A(4Dl(wwH} ?=[=S;yC]^BK>㕪9`Z'Wj;E|:bf>kCԘ#RY,iv쵗~}n'"1u" *uO΄/2^Sxr(!/DD\~mJyZ!MmrA!#u[if|99WB WΡpp}w}sh#,\ &:%˳X?D3 %W0cC?o̲^} F3XLVn]Cߖiϧ!7}yZJ#P7]=)7Ρp;>> Ye^xx{Oafw{ ;>4gfLt ʊ:q%#r/)pv!O4wGh|dS ӣݽހ-gVUC'pBxrB^} 7JA^} /'8!`:r?}}],X  }6y!`/~Br?}Q< >k7vx"] ,' .3jn{-i}|~%-};b6#U)7繎kiEw 㤳:E}[޼c"rꬊ7Dc$~"/Y&zSd:tFȌCrʙ`7u .#[-<)j ?TGS(j~oTup(hjU4PlJ=}|it.ҽ@\wʨuXÞZcx18Wo<~ikOg,ވ\^?EneyZcc0[R١z|zv7_m:_n]a?osS3~j^ hD.a_X'KfBX6w wݶ"Oa:,bvhrWH[uCF-Xfc}>x+Rz)2N-B 7y^٨;[/vg? | |2Sve}=o䑰j[vWjF0{굦?VI~}xM(_TlG__+]:#к?S} c>GŸD7 !w{S{B =x7a?oE#)+Gz:o_4Q<;n?\tt7?mGCџQGu4kņOF>F?#} hP&ђߴM#u!.СtL2^#o nIk_i.~7tr@n 1P~3?.[]=S5b߮~Yo^HFH YBi8a4iom>CKgMy*;?zqEӕ` >zB9iFzC?XF?ޟIܰ펉A}{I5ᄊx%ez#Mp@rߎpi]IOVjzuJt\۰f׺u5><,J~PTJp1)}){9N {!`/> endstream endobj 12 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 13 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 197.0117 675.3895 357.3317 687.2695 ] >> endobj 13 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews) >> endobj 14 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 17 0 R ] /Contents 15 0 R >> endobj 15 0 obj << /Length 7364 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(?bourgeois? and ?middle class? function as synonyms, facilitating her comparison of similar types of people )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and their ideals in both London and Paris.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 755.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Rich explores five important eating ?sites? that defined the dining experiences of the urban middle classes: )] TJ ET BT 34.016 741.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(family dinners, dinner parties, restaurants, social clubs, and the imaginative spaces found within prescriptive )] TJ ET BT 34.016 727.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(literature. In all five arenas, Rich proposes to mediate between culinary ideals and individuals? lived )] TJ ET BT 34.016 713.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(experience. Her research demonstrates that ?eating was a central element in the construction of both class )] TJ ET BT 34.016 698.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and gender identities? \(p. 17\). This argument, while hardly controversial in the historiography of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 684.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(consumption, promises to attend more systematically to these categories of analysis than has previous )] TJ ET BT 34.016 670.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(scholarship. Furthermore, Rich contributes to the literature on consumption by providing a comparative )] TJ ET BT 34.016 656.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(context for her analysis. How did the meaning of food vary for middle-class men and women in London )] TJ ET BT 34.016 641.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(versus Paris in the last half of the 19th century?)] TJ ET BT 34.016 615.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Rich employs both published and archival sources from France and Britain to recreate dining practices. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 601.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Prescriptive literature ? including etiquette manuals, cookbooks, medical advice texts, and guidebooks ? )] TJ ET BT 34.016 587.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(figures prominently throughout this analysis. Additionally, Rich incorporates manuscript correspondence )] TJ ET BT 34.016 572.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and cookbooks, national surveys on food commerce, notarial archives, and social club records. Occasionally, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 558.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(it becomes clear that ideals of food preparation and exchange did not always reflect social practice.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 532.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The first chapter orients readers to the genre of prescriptive literature and the commonly acknowledged rules )] TJ ET BT 34.016 518.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of eating. Rich positions her study within the historiography of conduct manuals, noting particularly the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 503.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(influence of Norbert Elias and Anna Bryson in her own reading of this genre.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 405.272 503.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(1\))] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 405.272 502.467 m 419.264 502.467 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 419.264 503.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( However, Rich also )] TJ ET BT 34.016 489.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(integrates medical advice manuals and architectural treatises alongside etiquette manuals and cookbooks to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 475.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(comment more broadly on dining cultures. 19th-century prescriptive literature in Britain and France )] TJ ET BT 34.016 461.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(reflected remarkably similar ideals for dining within middle-class homes. First, gluttony was to be avoided )] TJ ET BT 34.016 446.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(while moderation was embraced. Of course, what constituted ?gluttony? varied depending on one?s sex, age, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 432.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and social position. Furthermore, injunctions against gluttony were undermined by the celebration of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 418.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(?gastronomy? or knowledgeable, scientific dining.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 392.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Second, medical and etiquette authors advocated that their readers attend to food?s nutritional value, again )] TJ ET BT 34.016 377.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(highlighting the age, class, and gender differences that required tailored nutritional advice. Finally, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 363.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(prescriptive literature recommended spatial divisions within the home to maximize privacy, segregate )] TJ ET BT 34.016 349.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(cooking from dining, and arrange the dining room and table. Rich notes that ?the expertise proffered in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 335.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(advice books published in London and Paris might differ in, for example, describing a house or an apartment )] TJ ET BT 34.016 320.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(as the ideal dwelling place, but were easily recognizable as proffering advice that stemmed from a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 306.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(transnational bourgeois culture of respectability and restraint? \(p. 52\). The minor differences between French )] TJ ET BT 34.016 292.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and British definitions of ?gluttony? or ?dining rooms? may merit closer attention than Rich has provided )] TJ ET BT 34.016 278.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(here. Moreover, examination of these variations might reveal other ideals at work than restraint and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 263.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(respectability.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 237.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Rich moves in the second chapter from general ideals of dining to a specific inquiry into family dinners. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 223.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Relying heavily on prescriptive literature again, the author identifies the family dinner as one of the defining )] TJ ET BT 34.016 208.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(practices of middle-class families in Paris and London. Both an emblem of domestic privacy, and a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 194.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(testament to the family?s interaction with urban networks, the family dinner provided a daily opportunity to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 180.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(?perform the rituals of domestic harmony? \(p. 61\). Two factors directly contributed to successful family )] TJ ET BT 34.016 166.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(dinners, according to Rich?s reading of the sources: timekeeping and women?s culinary knowledge. Both )] TJ ET BT 34.016 151.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(etiquette manuals and individuals? diaries testify to the importance of household schedules and regular times )] TJ ET BT 34.016 137.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(for meals. Women orchestrated their domestic schedule to harmonize with male family members? public )] TJ ET BT 34.016 123.461 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(obligations of work or leisure. Furthermore, women were expected to supervise or perform culinary )] TJ ET BT 34.016 109.205 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(production economically in accordance with the latest developments in nutrition science, food preservation. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 94.949 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Enhancing women?s culinary knowledge constituted a central objective of prescriptive literature. This reader )] TJ ET BT 34.016 80.693 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(would have appreciated more attention to the food served in family dinners. Were some dishes appropriate in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 66.437 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(such intimate gatherings, but not suitable for more public celebrations? Were certain dishes deemed essential )] TJ ET BT 34.016 52.181 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(to make a meal ? perhaps soup, bread, or meat? A few more lines devoted to the food consumed at family )] TJ ET endstream endobj 16 0 obj [14 0 R /Fit] endobj 17 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 18 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 405.2717 502.7815 419.2637 514.6615 ] >> endobj 18 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 19 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 22 0 R 25 0 R 28 0 R ] /Contents 20 0 R >> endobj 20 0 obj << /Length 7717 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(dinners would have concretized Rich?s social analysis.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 770.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Dinner parties constituted a key site of urban sociability in 19th-century London and Paris, and Rich )] TJ ET BT 34.016 755.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(dedicates her third chapter to an analysis of such gatherings? form and function. Again, she finds more )] TJ ET BT 34.016 741.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(similarities than differences in the ways in which people organized and participated in dinner parties in both )] TJ ET BT 34.016 727.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(cities. Rich notes a few minor differences, such as architectural variations that resulted in more austere )] TJ ET BT 34.016 713.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(dining rooms in France, the better to focus diners? attention on the food. Moreover, Rich notes that Parisian )] TJ ET BT 34.016 698.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(prescriptive literature regularly admonished readers against engaging in political discussions at dinner )] TJ ET BT 34.016 684.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(parties. Rich speculates that this reservation might be attributed to the recent French experience of political )] TJ ET BT 34.016 670.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(revolution, although other scholars have noted that such injunctions proscribing politics from polite )] TJ ET BT 34.016 656.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(conversation topics are common in French etiquette manuals in the 17th and 18th centuries.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 473.960 656.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(2\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 473.960 654.771 m 487.952 654.771 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 487.952 656.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( Memoirs and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 641.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(correspondence supplement prescriptive literature in this chapter, yielding some genuine insights in terms of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 627.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(how lawyers, doctors, and journalists organized their dinner parties. Rich explains the rituals surrounding )] TJ ET BT 34.016 613.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(dinner invitations, providing examples of divergent levels of formality depending on the relationships )] TJ ET BT 34.016 599.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(between host and guest. Again, this reader would have appreciated greater discussion of the particular foods )] TJ ET BT 34.016 584.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(consumed at dinner parties, and dining practices. Rich?s analysis fully explicates the invitation process, and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 570.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(details practices of gendered socializing after dinner, but it does seem that the actual dinner itself gets short )] TJ ET BT 34.016 556.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(shrift.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 530.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(If hosts chose not to entertain in their own homes, they could invite guests to join them at a restaurant, the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 515.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(latest fad in public dining in 19th-century Paris and London. Rich investigates the restaurant as a site of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 501.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(bourgeois consumption in the fourth chapter. However, examples drawn from Auguste Escoffier?s memoirs )] TJ ET BT 34.016 487.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of directing the kitchen at the Savoy hotel where princes, bankers, and actresses came to dine, reveal that )] TJ ET BT 34.016 473.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(culinary consumption in this century cannot be limited to the middle classes alone. Rich combines )] TJ ET BT 34.016 458.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(architectural analysis of restaurants with memoirs, prescriptive literature, guidebooks, advertisements and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 444.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(municipal records on commerce to comment on the clientele and sociable practices at a range of public )] TJ ET BT 34.016 430.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(dining establishments. In addition to the new opportunities afforded by these businesses, Rich investigates )] TJ ET BT 34.016 416.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(contemporary discourse that articulated gendered anxieties regarding restaurants? peculiar position between )] TJ ET BT 34.016 401.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(public and private spaces. Women dining in public, men and women dining together, men dining alone or in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 387.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(groups of friends all potentially threatened social order.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 361.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Finally, Rich turns her attention to more exclusive dining options available via urban social clubs and public )] TJ ET BT 34.016 347.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(banquets in her sixth chapter. Rich?s use of club records preserved in the London Metropolitan Archive )] TJ ET BT 34.016 332.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(makes a great contribution to the field. Rich is able to document menus provided by several clubs, as well as )] TJ ET BT 34.016 318.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(membership criteria, social practices, and contemporary commentary on the clubs. The clubs were bastions )] TJ ET BT 34.016 304.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of male and class privilege, which Rich capably analyzes while she simultaneously highlights the ways in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 290.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(which women gained limited access to some clubs at some times. Rich effectively demonstrates the ways in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 275.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(which some of the clubs? most appealing factors of exclusivity and homosociality also dramatically limited )] TJ ET BT 34.016 261.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the appeal of clubs for many men, and seem to have doomed the clubs to inferior food compared to other )] TJ ET BT 34.016 247.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(public dining options. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 220.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Rich has crafted a careful comparative history of dining in late 19th-century Paris and London, and makes )] TJ ET BT 34.016 206.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(genuine contributions to the field at several points. However, I had some reservations about the author?s )] TJ ET BT 34.016 192.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(organizing assumptions regarding class analysis. For Rich, the essential feature of a bourgeois consumer is )] TJ ET BT 34.016 178.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(?the ability to make choices about what to eat? \(p. 13\). This definition conceivably includes all humans and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 163.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(many animals and ignores decades of anthropological and historical research on consumption decisions. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 149.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Workers in 18th-century Paris chose to eat white bread rather than rye, even as the price of wheat rose, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 135.461 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(making the cost of a loaf of bread equal to a day?s wages.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 311.612 135.461 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(3\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 311.612 134.067 m 325.604 134.067 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 325.604 135.461 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( But these workers were not bourgeois. Pierre )] TJ ET BT 34.016 121.205 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Bourdieu?s analysis of taste within late 20th-century French social classes emphasizes the degree to which )] TJ ET BT 34.016 106.949 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(all people choose certain foods for a wide array of social, nutritive, and economic functions.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 476.252 106.949 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(4\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 476.252 105.555 m 490.244 105.555 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 490.244 106.949 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( It was not )] TJ ET BT 34.016 92.693 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(just the middle classes that had the liberty of choice in food. Rich?s definition of bourgeois is too expansive )] TJ ET BT 34.016 78.437 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(to be analytically useful.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 52.181 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Furthermore, Rich?s class analysis does not adequately distinguish between social classes. Do the ideals of )] TJ ET endstream endobj 21 0 obj [19 0 R /Fit] endobj 22 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 23 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 473.9597 655.0855 487.9517 666.9655 ] >> endobj 23 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 24 0 obj [19 0 R /Fit] endobj 25 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 26 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 311.6117 134.3815 325.6037 146.2615 ] >> endobj 26 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 27 0 obj [19 0 R /Fit] endobj 28 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 29 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 476.2517 105.8695 490.2437 117.7495 ] >> endobj 29 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 30 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 33 0 R 36 0 R 39 0 R 42 0 R 44 0 R 46 0 R 48 0 R 50 0 R 52 0 R 54 0 R ] /Contents 31 0 R >> endobj 31 0 obj << /Length 9207 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the ?middling sort? really differ so much from their aristocratic or wealthy neighbors? In the realm of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(fashion, David Kuchta would contend that the sober dress we associate with bourgeois ideals of modesty and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(respectability was actually embedded in a 17th-century aristocratic ideology.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 402.944 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(5\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 402.944 766.563 m 416.936 766.563 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 416.936 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( Kuchta demonstrates the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(degree to which these ideals were shared among social elites and the more middling classes. It seems )] TJ ET BT 34.016 739.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(plausible that social elites play a more important role in Rich?s study than her categories of analysis reveal. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 725.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(On the other hand, did the ?bourgeoisie? actually impose alien ideals upon the working classes? E. P. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 710.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Thompson has argued that the working classes adopted ideologies of time management or piety for purposes )] TJ ET BT 34.016 696.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(other than those imagined by their employers.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 254.324 696.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(6\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 254.324 695.283 m 268.316 695.283 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 268.316 696.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( Rich might have exploited the vast contemporary literature )] TJ ET BT 34.016 682.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(on social reform to investigate how employers attempted to impose values such as privacy, timekeeping, and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 668.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(female domesticity through the architecture of workers? dwellings, kitchens, and dining facilities. Finally, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 653.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(what is the purpose of class analysis extricated from its social fabric? Unfortunately, a more nuanced )] TJ ET BT 34.016 639.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(analysis, so ably explored in the past decade by Dror Wahrman, Sarah Maza, and Leora Auslander, among )] TJ ET BT 34.016 625.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(others, is absent from this study.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 189.680 625.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(7\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 189.680 624.003 m 203.672 624.003 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 599.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The manuscript could also have benefitted from a more thorough editing process. Rich quotes Anna Bryson )] TJ ET BT 34.016 584.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(on page 25 and repeats both the quote and her larger point on page 30. The author helpfully provides a list of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 570.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(abbreviations used in her citations of archival materials; however, the abbreviations do not consistently )] TJ ET BT 34.016 556.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(match usage in the footnotes. Rather than using ?LMA? to refer to all records from the London Metropolitan )] TJ ET BT 34.016 542.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Archives, Rich?s footnotes cite ?ACC? and sometimes ?AC?, to refer to the series of club records under )] TJ ET BT 34.016 527.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(discussion here \(see for example, chapter five, fn. 23?5, 35?7, 78?80\). She explains neither of these short )] TJ ET BT 34.016 513.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(forms in the introductory list of abbreviations. While the correct location of these archival records is )] TJ ET BT 34.016 499.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(ultimately revealed through a triangulation between text, note, and bibliography, such confusion potentially )] TJ ET BT 34.016 485.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(limits the text?s usefulness for both scholars and students. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 458.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Rich has crafted a careful study of dining ideals in late 19th-century London and Paris. Unlike many )] TJ ET BT 34.016 444.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(previous volumes on the subject, her book endeavors to juxtapose analysis of ideals with an investigation of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 430.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(practice. By assembling a wide array of primary sources from the national and municipal archives of both )] TJ ET BT 34.016 416.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(cities, Rich offers substantive comparisons between the two leading capital cities of western Europe. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 401.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Ultimately, Rich?s comparative framework leads her to conclude that the middle classes of London and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 387.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Paris shared a common dining culture represented by ?ideals and behaviours that transcended national )] TJ ET BT 34.016 373.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(borders? \(p. 211\). This is an important observation, but it ignores the ways in which people within France )] TJ ET BT 34.016 359.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and Britain defined their dining cultures against those of the nation across the Channel. I hoped to see more )] TJ ET BT 34.016 344.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(commentary on the development of nationalist ideology within culinary discourse and practice. If these )] TJ ET BT 34.016 330.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(cultures were so similar, why did so many French diners consider their cuisine to be obviously superior to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 316.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(that of the British? Why did many British diners agree that the French ate better, and how could they take )] TJ ET BT 34.016 302.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(lacklustre cuisine to be evidence of British national superiority? )] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 343.640 302.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(8\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 343.640 300.627 m 357.632 300.627 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 357.632 302.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( Rich concludes her study with a call for )] TJ ET BT 34.016 287.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(more comparative histories, attentive to varieties of class, region, and gender. Such comparative work is )] TJ ET BT 34.016 273.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(essential to trace broad trends in the history of consumption and material culture over time and across )] TJ ET BT 34.016 259.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(national boundaries.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 224.355 Td /F3 18.0 Tf [(Notes)] TJ ET BT 48.816 193.738 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(1.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 193.733 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Norbert Elias, )] TJ ET BT 134.336 193.733 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The Civilizing Process)] TJ ET BT 243.008 193.733 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, trans. E. Jephcott \(London, 1994\) and Anna Bryson, )] TJ ET BT 502.976 193.733 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(From )] TJ ET BT 64.016 179.477 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Courtesy to Civility: Changing Codes of Conduct in Early Modern England)] TJ ET BT 428.024 179.477 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(Oxford, 1998\).)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 506.672 179.477 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(1\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 506.672 178.083 m 560.660 178.083 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 48.816 165.226 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(2.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 165.221 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Dena Goodman, )] TJ ET BT 145.664 165.221 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The Republic of Letters: A Cultural History of the French Enlightenment)] TJ ET BT 495.656 165.221 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(Ithaca, )] TJ ET BT 64.016 150.965 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(NY, 1994\), p. 111.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 154.340 150.965 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(2\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 154.340 149.571 m 208.328 149.571 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 48.816 136.714 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(3.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 136.709 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Steven Kaplan, )] TJ ET BT 140.336 136.709 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The Bakers of Paris and the Bread Question, 1700?1775)] TJ ET BT 413.324 136.709 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(Durham, NC, 1996\), p. 34.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 64.016 122.453 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(3\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 64.016 121.059 m 118.004 121.059 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 48.816 108.202 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(4.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 108.197 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Pierre Bourdieu, )] TJ ET BT 146.336 108.197 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Distinction: A Social Critique of the Judgment of Taste)] TJ ET BT 411.008 108.197 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, trans. Richard Nice )] TJ ET BT 64.016 93.941 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(Cambridge, MA, 1984\).)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 183.668 93.941 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(4\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 183.668 92.547 m 237.656 92.547 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 48.816 79.690 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(5.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 79.685 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(David Kuchta, )] TJ ET BT 137.000 79.685 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The Three-Piece Suit and Modern Masculinity: England, 1550-1850)] TJ ET BT 465.632 79.685 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(Berkeley, CA, )] TJ ET BT 64.016 65.429 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(2002\).)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 95.012 65.429 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(5\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 95.012 64.035 m 149.000 64.035 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 48.816 51.178 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(6.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 51.173 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(E. P. Thompson, )] TJ ET BT 147.356 51.173 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The Making of the English Working Class )] TJ ET BT 351.692 51.173 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(New York, NY, 1970\).)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 466.328 51.173 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(6\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 466.328 49.779 m 520.316 49.779 l S endstream endobj 32 0 obj [30 0 R /Fit] endobj 33 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 34 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 402.9437 766.8775 416.9357 778.7575 ] >> endobj 34 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 35 0 obj [30 0 R /Fit] endobj 36 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 37 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 254.3237 695.5975 268.3157 707.4775 ] >> endobj 37 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 38 0 obj [30 0 R /Fit] endobj 39 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 40 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 189.6797 624.3175 203.6717 636.1975 ] >> endobj 40 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 41 0 obj [30 0 R /Fit] endobj 42 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 43 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 343.6397 300.9415 357.6317 312.8215 ] >> endobj 43 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 44 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 45 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 506.6717 178.3975 560.6597 190.2775 ] >> endobj 45 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /GoTo /D 16 0 R >> endobj 46 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 47 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 154.3397 149.8855 208.3277 161.7655 ] >> endobj 47 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /GoTo /D 21 0 R >> endobj 48 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 49 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 64.0157 121.3735 118.0037 133.2535 ] >> endobj 49 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /GoTo /D 24 0 R >> endobj 50 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 51 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 183.6677 92.8615 237.6557 104.7415 ] >> endobj 51 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /GoTo /D 27 0 R >> endobj 52 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 53 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 95.0117 64.3495 148.9997 76.2295 ] >> endobj 53 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /GoTo /D 32 0 R >> endobj 54 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 55 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 466.3277 50.0935 520.3157 61.9735 ] >> endobj 55 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /GoTo /D 35 0 R >> endobj 56 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 58 0 R 60 0 R 62 0 R ] /Contents 57 0 R >> endobj 57 0 obj << /Length 2381 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 48.816 796.474 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(7.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Dror Wahrman, )] TJ ET BT 142.988 796.469 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Imagining the Middle Class: The Political Representation of Class in Britain, )] TJ ET BT 64.016 782.213 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(1780?1840)] TJ ET BT 118.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(Cambridge, 1995\); Sarah Maza, )] TJ ET BT 281.648 782.213 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The Myth of the French Bourgeoisie: An Essay on the )] TJ ET BT 64.016 767.957 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Social Imaginary, 1750?1850)] TJ ET BT 207.008 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(Cambridge, MA, 2003\); Leora Auslander, )] TJ ET BT 419.300 767.957 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Cultural Revolutions: )] TJ ET BT 64.016 753.701 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Everyday Life and Politics in England, North America and France)] TJ ET BT 383.996 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(Oxford, 2008\).)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 462.644 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(7\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 462.644 752.307 m 516.632 752.307 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 48.816 739.450 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(8.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 739.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(On these points, Stephen Mennell?s comparative analysis of French and English culinary ideals )] TJ ET BT 64.016 725.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(remains an important guide. )] TJ ET BT 201.668 725.189 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(All Manners of Food: Eating and Taste in England and France from the )] TJ ET BT 64.016 710.933 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Middle Ages to the Present)] TJ ET BT 194.000 710.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(London, 1985\).)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 275.324 710.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(8\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 275.324 709.539 m 329.312 709.539 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 684.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The author is happy to accept this review and does not wish to comment further.)] TJ ET 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.391 667.951 526.499 1.500 re S BT 34.016 650.171 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Source URL:)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 104.672 650.171 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/review/1198)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 104.672 648.777 m 328.316 648.777 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 623.800 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Links:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 609.400 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([1] http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/item/7855)] TJ ET endstream endobj 58 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 59 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 462.6437 752.6215 516.6317 764.5015 ] >> endobj 59 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /GoTo /D 38 0 R >> endobj 60 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 61 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 275.3237 709.8535 329.3117 721.7335 ] >> endobj 61 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /GoTo /D 41 0 R >> endobj 62 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 63 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 104.6717 649.0915 328.3157 660.9715 ] >> endobj 63 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/review/1198) >> endobj xref 0 64 0000000000 65535 f 0000000008 00000 n 0000000073 00000 n 0000000119 00000 n 0000000349 00000 n 0000000386 00000 n 0000000588 00000 n 0000000670 00000 n 0000004845 00000 n 0000004954 00000 n 0000005064 00000 n 0000005173 00000 n 0000008734 00000 n 0000008862 00000 n 0000008946 00000 n 0000009030 00000 n 0000016447 00000 n 0000016477 00000 n 0000016605 00000 n 0000016641 00000 n 0000016739 00000 n 0000024509 00000 n 0000024539 00000 n 0000024667 00000 n 0000024703 00000 n 0000024733 00000 n 0000024861 00000 n 0000024897 00000 n 0000024927 00000 n 0000025055 00000 n 0000025091 00000 n 0000025238 00000 n 0000034498 00000 n 0000034528 00000 n 0000034656 00000 n 0000034692 00000 n 0000034722 00000 n 0000034850 00000 n 0000034886 00000 n 0000034916 00000 n 0000035044 00000 n 0000035080 00000 n 0000035110 00000 n 0000035238 00000 n 0000035274 00000 n 0000035402 00000 n 0000035457 00000 n 0000035585 00000 n 0000035640 00000 n 0000035767 00000 n 0000035822 00000 n 0000035949 00000 n 0000036004 00000 n 0000036129 00000 n 0000036184 00000 n 0000036310 00000 n 0000036365 00000 n 0000036463 00000 n 0000038897 00000 n 0000039025 00000 n 0000039080 00000 n 0000039208 00000 n 0000039263 00000 n 0000039391 00000 n trailer << /Size 64 /Root 1 0 R /Info 5 0 R >> startxref 39487 %%EOF