%PDF-1.3 1 0 obj << /Type /Catalog /Outlines 2 0 R /Pages 3 0 R >> endobj 2 0 obj << /Type /Outlines /Count 0 >> endobj 3 0 obj << /Type /Pages /Kids [6 0 R 14 0 R 16 0 R 18 0 R ] /Count 4 /Resources << /ProcSet 4 0 R /Font << /F1 8 0 R /F2 9 0 R /F3 10 0 R >> /XObject << /I1 11 0 R >> >> /MediaBox [0.000 0.000 595.280 841.890] >> endobj 4 0 obj [/PDF /Text /ImageC ] endobj 5 0 obj << /Creator (DOMPDF) /CreationDate (D:20140930063833+01'00') /ModDate (D:20140930063833+01'00') /Title (The Pursuit of Serenity: Havelock Ellis and the New Politics) >> endobj 6 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 12 0 R ] /Contents 7 0 R >> endobj 7 0 obj << /Length 4615 >> stream q 381.750 0 0 120.000 34.016 687.874 cm /I1 Do Q 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Published on )] TJ ET BT 99.356 676.469 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Reviews in History)] TJ ET BT 190.016 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \()] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 197.012 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 197.012 675.075 m 357.332 675.075 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 357.332 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\))] TJ ET 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.391 653.743 526.499 1.500 re S BT 34.016 615.321 Td /F3 18.0 Tf [(The Pursuit of Serenity: Havelock Ellis and the New Politics)] TJ ET BT 34.016 344.603 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(This is an important book which deserves wide circulation. It is perhaps the only satisfactory extended study )] TJ ET BT 34.016 330.347 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(yet produced of that important cultural figure Havelock Ellis and the impact of his writings. The parlous )] TJ ET BT 34.016 316.091 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(state of Ellis scholarship was recently demonstrated by Vernon Rosario's otherwise excellent edited volume )] TJ ET BT 34.016 301.835 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Science and Homosexualities)] TJ ET BT 174.656 301.835 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(1997\). Hardly a chapter failed to allude to some passage in Ellis's works, yet )] TJ ET BT 34.016 287.579 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the book as a whole neglected to include any chapter on Ellis himself \(o r even on his close colleague, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 273.323 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Edward Carpenter\). There have been a number of biographies, ranging from the hagiographic to the critical, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 259.067 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(but these have all tended to emphasise the dramatic soap-opera aspects of the emotional and sexual lives of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 244.811 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Ellis and his circle rather than supplying a reasoned assessment of his place in history. Narrowly )] TJ ET BT 34.016 230.555 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(biographical focus has also tended to occlude the broader historical context within which Ellis was )] TJ ET BT 34.016 216.299 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(operating, leading to distortions in the analysis of his work. Gr osskurth, for example, suggested that Ellis's )] TJ ET BT 34.016 202.043 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(lack of attention to 'normal' male sexuality was the result of his personal idiosyncracies, although for just )] TJ ET BT 34.016 187.787 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(about everyone writing about sex in later nineteenth century, it formed an assumed and uninterrogat ed norm )] TJ ET BT 34.016 173.531 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(against which deviancy could be defined. Indeed, the 'normal' heterosexual male has largely continued to be )] TJ ET BT 34.016 159.275 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(ignored by sexual investigators.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 133.019 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Nottingham rightly concedes of Ellis that 'it would never be possible to establish a clear distinction between )] TJ ET BT 34.016 118.763 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(his life and his books' \(p. 7\) and he is extremely clear on the significance for the writings, and for the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 104.507 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(perceptions of Ellis within the publi c domain, of the private events of Ellis's life. He pays attention, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 90.251 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(therefore, to the intricacies of the seminal period as a schoolteacher in the Australian outback, during which )] TJ ET BT 34.016 75.995 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Ellis's ideas were formed and his sense of mission developed. His complex an d formative relationship with )] TJ ET BT 34.016 61.739 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the South African feminist writer, Olive Schreiner, and the difficulties of his marriage to the predominantly )] TJ ET BT 34.016 584.699 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Review Number:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 570.443 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(120)] TJ ET BT 34.016 556.187 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publish date:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 541.931 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Monday, 1 May, 2000)] TJ ET BT 34.016 527.675 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Author:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 513.419 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Chris Nottingham)] TJ ET BT 34.016 499.163 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(ISBN:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 484.907 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(9789053563865)] TJ ET BT 34.016 470.651 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Date of Publication:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 456.395 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(1999)] TJ ET BT 34.016 442.139 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publisher:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 427.883 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Amsterdam University Press)] TJ ET BT 34.016 413.627 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Place of Publication:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 399.371 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Amsterdam)] TJ ET BT 34.016 385.115 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Reviewer:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 370.859 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Lesley Hall)] TJ ET endstream endobj 8 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F1 /BaseFont /Times-Roman /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 9 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F2 /BaseFont /Times-Italic /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 10 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F3 /BaseFont /Times-Bold /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 11 0 obj << /Type /XObject /Subtype /Image /Width 509 /Height 160 /Filter /FlateDecode /DecodeParms << /Predictor 15 /Colors 3 /Columns 509 /BitsPerComponent 8>> /Mask [ 255 255 255 255 255 255 ] /ColorSpace /DeviceRGB /BitsPerComponent 8 /Length 3280>> stream x[EQ㎦fVttҒ +3O{?lGDQԯDrB^.ϯ%~'0۠/2>0AG_>0j0GCfE67>rB^}@  !&y+r?INp:erc b8f=rQC!~-Wf^^zF[)G 2ޯe7V_Go3Ke GEGOo8rώ#\1ZY~N6^H}yLxS-!:412V+u\-LSO?xVvZ|GjǮT_8EYJF=Tw^ 7GxfN/S:Ʌ~ʟtt?5n÷J'JcF-GVξx{rO~tJd;#a\7}|~y'>}c2C vR}f׈**h.)_&@pfzjsx:5;S\vKhM5j=!Cn+h"u]a EUN]jn=k<,:Ք>sU!ni~6EJ)¦72?G}[y}_vc$t?iSܟ2Zݞ,VN?_`='RFK1A2qv&X_lLRWY'%:I㢖zb_UEx\>&ɆBˏ~K@ \gYØU4}$8Dv!'Q'*+Εj(UCGo[#< 2Ja(sZi9fZKE Rn`u\9r^Zmɯ׹}mstO4uc~#'jEvۼ Dx[z ޏQ4KL5,5u3>i^uÒ-53ba ~,~/pyt1fMU'CVm:qv~=Y'Es"WsφG?l_kN5}],Ow7 uh`xƫ?zMl7ٻv$A(4Dl(wwH} ?=[=S;yC]^BK>㕪9`Z'Wj;E|:bf>kCԘ#RY,iv쵗~}n'"1u" *uO΄/2^Sxr(!/DD\~mJyZ!MmrA!#u[if|99WB WΡpp}w}sh#,\ &:%˳X?D3 %W0cC?o̲^} F3XLVn]Cߖiϧ!7}yZJ#P7]=)7Ρp;>> Ye^xx{Oafw{ ;>4gfLt ʊ:q%#r/)pv!O4wGh|dS ӣݽހ-gVUC'pBxrB^} 7JA^} /'8!`:r?}}],X  }6y!`/~Br?}Q< >k7vx"] ,' .3jn{-i}|~%-};b6#U)7繎kiEw 㤳:E}[޼c"rꬊ7Dc$~"/Y&zSd:tFȌCrʙ`7u .#[-<)j ?TGS(j~oTup(hjU4PlJ=}|it.ҽ@\wʨuXÞZcx18Wo<~ikOg,ވ\^?EneyZcc0[R١z|zv7_m:_n]a?osS3~j^ hD.a_X'KfBX6w wݶ"Oa:,bvhrWH[uCF-Xfc}>x+Rz)2N-B 7y^٨;[/vg? | |2Sve}=o䑰j[vWjF0{굦?VI~}xM(_TlG__+]:#к?S} c>GŸD7 !w{S{B =x7a?oE#)+Gz:o_4Q<;n?\tt7?mGCџQGu4kņOF>F?#} hP&ђߴM#u!.СtL2^#o nIk_i.~7tr@n 1P~3?.[]=S5b߮~Yo^HFH YBi8a4iom>CKgMy*;?zqEӕ` >zB9iFzC?XF?ޟIܰ펉A}{I5ᄊx%ez#Mp@rߎpi]IOVjzuJt\۰f׺u5><,J~PTJp1)}){9N {!`/> endstream endobj 12 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 13 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 197.0117 675.3895 357.3317 687.2695 ] >> endobj 13 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews) >> endobj 14 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Contents 15 0 R >> endobj 15 0 obj << /Length 7690 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(lesbian Edith Lees, are analysed, as is the importance of his congenial relationship with pioneer homosexual )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(rights activist, socialist and early 'green', Edward Carpenter, and their empowering mutual sense of being )] TJ ET BT 34.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(engaged in a common purpose.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 741.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(However, Nottingham does not get bogged down in the intricate minutiae of Ellis's relationships. Instead, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 727.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(one of the major strengths of )] TJ ET BT 175.328 727.445 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The Pursuit of Serenity)] TJ ET BT 286.328 727.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, is a thoroughly historically grounded sociological )] TJ ET BT 34.016 713.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(awareness, not only of 'the sociological improbability' of Ellis's own career, but of his relationship to the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 698.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(intellectual currents of his time, the make-up of the constituency to which he appealed, and the reasons why )] TJ ET BT 34.016 684.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(he did so. Nottingham suggests that Ellis and his milieu need to be exa mined within a framework of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 670.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(generational revolt, in particular the late nineteenth century rebellion against the cherished ideals and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 656.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(conventions of Victorianism. This wide-ranging 'New Spirit' is perceptively described and analysed. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 641.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Influenced by a remar kably diverse range of thinkers, it covered a range of what may now appear to be )] TJ ET BT 34.016 627.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(incongruous and even contradictory social causes. As Nottingham demonstrates, there were not only )] TJ ET BT 34.016 613.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(personal contacts between this social current and the aesthetic/decadent mov ement in the arts \(Ellis shared )] TJ ET BT 34.016 599.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(chambers with the decadent poet Arthur Symons\), but strong intellectual links between these apparently )] TJ ET BT 34.016 584.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(distinct responses to 'Victorian humbug' \(as indeed Oscar Wilde's )] TJ ET BT 351.452 584.885 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The Soul of Man under Socialism)] TJ ET BT 511.784 584.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( reminds )] TJ ET BT 34.016 570.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(us\).)] TJ ET BT 34.016 544.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Nottingham brilliantly reconstructs a world of 'earnest little societies', a 'vigorous, if precarious, radical press )] TJ ET BT 34.016 530.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(eager enough to accept earnest articles', and 'a number of adventurous publications... beginning to search out )] TJ ET BT 34.016 515.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(a new audience for intellec tual literature' and to offer advances to likely providers of this \(p. 80\). 'Science' )] TJ ET BT 34.016 501.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(was a catchword; as Nottingham perceptively remarks, it was 'a way of looking at the world, a side to be on, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 487.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(a vantage point from which to dismiss old fashioned moral ju dgement', almost entirely distinct from the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 473.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(activities and concerns of an actual, increasingly professionalised, scientific community \(p. 88\). This milieu )] TJ ET BT 34.016 458.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(provided Ellis with outlets, a forum, an audience, and an income. If he was so shy at meetings that he 'sat at )] TJ ET BT 34.016 444.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the literature table near the draughty door' \(p. 7\), he 'became a lion when he took up his pen', manifesting )] TJ ET BT 34.016 430.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [('boldness... intellectual ability... .security of agenda and certainty of purpose' \(p. 80-1\). Eccentric perhaps but )] TJ ET BT 34.016 416.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(by no means margi nal, rather, he played a central part in this significant intellectual current.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 389.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Ellis's writings on sexuality, principally the seven massive volumes of his )] TJ ET BT 390.836 389.813 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [( Studies in the Psychology of Sex)] TJ ET BT 548.816 389.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 375.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(which appeared over a period of thirty years, have been routinely, and usually uncritically, mined for )] TJ ET BT 34.016 361.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(exemplary gobbets of late nineteen th century sexology, mostly presented from a pejorative angle. Such )] TJ ET BT 34.016 347.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(cherry-picking has seldom been entirely clear, when presenting the material thus gleaned, as to whether the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 332.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(opinions and theories cited with horror from the perspective of 1970s radical f eminism or gay theory were )] TJ ET BT 34.016 318.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(even those of Ellis himself, or citations from the innumerable other authorities quoted in his encyclopaedic )] TJ ET BT 34.016 304.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(compilation. Nottingham carefully places Ellis's work as sexual enlightener as less ground-breaking than )] TJ ET BT 34.016 290.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(usually concei ved, suggesting that he was in fact articulating the discontents and aspirations of a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 275.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(constituency already moving beyond accepted conventions, if perhaps only in theory and speculation rather )] TJ ET BT 34.016 261.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(than practice. Given the almost mediumistic role played by Elli s in gathering up and expressing the range of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 247.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(ideas current at the time, it is possible \(and I must plead somewhat guilty myself\) to prove just about )] TJ ET BT 34.016 232.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(anything about Ellis's ideas by judicious selection from Ellis's writings - as with one of his own heroes , )] TJ ET BT 34.016 218.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Walt Whitman, he was large, he contained multitudes, he contradicted himself, and, over his very long )] TJ ET BT 34.016 204.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(career, he sometimes changed his mind.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 178.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(In his account of the life and writings Nottingham deals mainly with Ellis prior to 1914 \(while considering )] TJ ET BT 34.016 163.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the much longer extended period of his influence\), a legitimate choice to sharpen the focus in dealing with )] TJ ET BT 34.016 149.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(an individual who had a long life and p roduced numerous writings and also in keeping with Nottingham's )] TJ ET BT 34.016 135.461 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(concept of generational rebellion. Ellis can be and often has been characterised as the product of a specific )] TJ ET BT 34.016 121.205 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(late nineteenth century moment, a last Victorian rather than an early modernist/m oderniser \(though his )] TJ ET BT 34.016 106.949 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(influence on modernism in the widest sense has only begun to be explored with any seriousness\). The bulk )] TJ ET BT 34.016 92.693 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of the Studies \(volumes one to six\) had appeared by 1910 \(with a late coda in 1927\) and as Nottingham )] TJ ET BT 34.016 78.437 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(persuasively argues, the t heories and personal stance which Ellis had generated by the first decade of the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 64.181 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(twentieth century did not undergo any radical alterations under the impact of either wider political events )] TJ ET BT 34.016 49.925 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(such as the First World War\) or events within his personal life. It is possible that Nottingham may have )] TJ ET endstream endobj 16 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Contents 17 0 R >> endobj 17 0 obj << /Length 7666 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(rather underplayed the influence on Ellis's thought about women and marriage in particular of several )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(important relationships with women in his middle years. He not only entered a second, common-law, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(marriage with Franoise Lafitte-Cyon \(also known as Franoise DeLisle\), but had liaisons with, among other )] TJ ET BT 34.016 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(dynamic women of the day, American birth control pioneer Margaret Sanger and the Imagist poet Hilda )] TJ ET BT 34.016 739.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Doolittle \('H.D'\), as well as close if probably non-sexual fri endships with women exploring new avenues of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 725.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(female subjectivity, such as Stella Browne and 'Bryher' - Winifred Ellerman, H.D.'s close companion. Yet )] TJ ET BT 34.016 710.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(although later works \(such as the 1933 )] TJ ET BT 222.320 710.933 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Psychology of Sex)] TJ ET BT 309.632 710.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\) demonstrated that Ellis kept up with sci entific )] TJ ET BT 34.016 696.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(developments, revealing him as well abreast of the recent explosion of endocrinological knowledge, they )] TJ ET BT 34.016 682.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(indicate a process of continuous accretion to, and moderation of, the existing corpus, rather than profound )] TJ ET BT 34.016 668.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(conceptual change or development. Certainly the ideas about female sexuality advanced in such essays as )] TJ ET BT 34.016 653.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [('The erotic rights of women' and 'The play-function of sex', had been prefigured in the chapters on marriage )] TJ ET BT 34.016 639.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(in )] TJ ET BT 46.352 639.653 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [( Sex in Relation to Society)] TJ ET BT 172.004 639.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 613.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Nottingham draws attention to the strong 'spiritual' component in Ellis's thought and writings: as with )] TJ ET BT 34.016 599.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Carpenter, the Church had been considered as a career-path before the rejection of conventional Christian )] TJ ET BT 34.016 584.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(beliefs, and there remained both a certain c haracteristically English nature-mysticism, and concern for non-)] TJ ET BT 34.016 570.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(material values. It would have been nice to see this related to the interest in alternative forms of religion, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 556.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(such as theosophy, so common in progressive circles of the time. It would appear that he introduced )] TJ ET BT 34.016 542.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Margaret Sanger to Rosicrucianism, which remained a life-long interest of hers, during a visit to Ireland. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 527.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(However, the aura of spirituality detached from any too specific doctrinal commitment, surely played a large )] TJ ET BT 34.016 513.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(part in Ellis's app eal. His writings could be, and were, referred to and recommended with no feelings of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 499.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(embarrassment or inappropriateness by religious writers of the interwar period, for example A. Herbert Gray )] TJ ET BT 34.016 485.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and Leslie Weatherhead, when advancing their new visions of C hristian marriage.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 458.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(This lack of too close specificity in doctrine also applies, as it becomes clear from Nottingham's astute )] TJ ET BT 34.016 444.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(analysis, to Ellis's political agenda. He was 'clearly interested in a series of issues which were political in any )] TJ ET BT 34.016 430.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(ordinary sense' however, 'he had no concern for the conventional means of politics' \(p. 217\). Almost allergic )] TJ ET BT 34.016 416.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(to conflict and strife, he posited a benign evolution towards a harmonious state. His works eschewed )] TJ ET BT 34.016 401.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(demagoguery and preaching in favour of addressing himself 'as if... to an as senting community', assuming )] TJ ET BT 34.016 387.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the agreement of the reader \(p. 213\). He saw real reform as taking place through the creation of a more )] TJ ET BT 34.016 373.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(enlightened public opinion, fanning out from an initial small group or clusters of like-minded individuals, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 359.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(who would emb ody in lifestyle choices 'an alternative to the hypocrisy and needless complexity of modern )] TJ ET BT 34.016 344.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(life' \(p. 212\). The agents of the transformation of society as Ellis envisaged it were not politicians and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 330.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(statesmen but 'the doctor in his consulting room, the te acher in the school, the preacher in the pulpit, the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 316.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(journalist in the press' \(p. 222\). When presented with the more intractable political choices he had 'a habitual )] TJ ET BT 34.016 302.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(tendency to drift into transcendentalism': yet, if sometimes politically naive, he was n ot politically ignorant, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 287.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and his circles included a large number of activists representing a wide spectrum of affiliations. Indeed, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 273.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(many of the causes to which he was devoted had their adherents among those engaged in what is more )] TJ ET BT 34.016 259.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(usually considered the p olitical sphere. But his very lack of the doctrinaire surely assisted in the gentle )] TJ ET BT 34.016 244.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(spread of his theories, through a failure to stimulate any of the usual antibodies against their consideration or )] TJ ET BT 34.016 230.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(acceptance.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 204.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(One of the great achievements of this book is to define the audience which was influenced either directly by )] TJ ET BT 34.016 190.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Havelock Ellis's writings, or the idea of 'Havelock Ellis', the 'Sage of Sex', the prophet of sexual )] TJ ET BT 34.016 175.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(enlightenment and a utopian vision of the har monious life. Nottingham convincingly argues that 'the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 161.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(relationship between the metropolitan lecturers on the tramp and their provincial listeners' forms the clue to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 147.461 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [('the expansion of Ellis's readership and his position in the intellectual history of radi cal and progressive )] TJ ET BT 34.016 133.205 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(politics' \(p. 223\). There was a 'growing market for progressive ideas' in provincial England at the beginning )] TJ ET BT 34.016 118.949 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of the twentieth century among the 'villa-bound seekers after truth'. Here, Nottingham suggests, there was a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 104.693 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(deep resonance b etween the new values Ellis created from his own socially ambiguous status, and the needs )] TJ ET BT 34.016 90.437 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of those experiencing similar strains, especially the expanding group of lower middle-class professionals. He )] TJ ET BT 34.016 76.181 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(provided them with a 'politics... that would do service as a philosophy of life', worthy of their dedication to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 61.925 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(its service, while assisting in the creation of personal and social identity: a politics that was about principle )] TJ ET endstream endobj 18 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 20 0 R ] /Contents 19 0 R >> endobj 19 0 obj << /Length 6998 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and influence rather than power \(p. 233\). These aspirants could feel part of a large r network, a virtual )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [('community of enlightenment', even if themselves peripheral to the conventional centres of political power. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(The kind of communities they formed, or at least constituted an influential group within, are represented, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(not entirely unkin dly, through the eyes of Richard Hannay in the 'Garden City' of 'Biggleswick' in the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 739.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(opening chapters of John Buchan's First World War thriller )] TJ ET BT 321.800 739.445 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Mr Standfast,.)] TJ ET BT 390.140 739.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\))] TJ ET BT 34.016 713.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Ellis has been criticised, notably by Phyllis Grosskurth in the most recent biography, for failing to create a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 698.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(theory and a school of thought comparable to Freud and psychoanalysis: one of Nottingham's greatest )] TJ ET BT 34.016 684.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(services in this book is to show how beside the point such a criticism is. In a very telling phrase he )] TJ ET BT 34.016 670.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(comments that this 'has something of the air of denying a canary a prize in a cat show' \(p. 244\). As )] TJ ET BT 34.016 656.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Nottingham points out Ellis was a 'fastidious, painfully self-conscious and secretive individua l', much of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 641.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(whose personal life was conducted by correspondence \(surely he would have relished the Internet\). His lack )] TJ ET BT 34.016 627.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of combativeness was exacerbated by the excruciating ordeal of the prosecution of )] TJ ET BT 433.244 627.653 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Sexual Inversion)] TJ ET BT 513.560 627.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( for )] TJ ET BT 34.016 613.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(obscenity in 1898. While h e may have perceived himself as a seer, or even a prophet, he rejected \(indeed, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 599.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(demonstrably flinched away from\) the status of guru or leader and spent much time evading attempts to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 584.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(constitute him as such. Falling outside the parameters of this work, Norm an Haire's attempts to set himself )] TJ ET BT 34.016 570.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(up as Ellis's chief disciple on his arrival in England from Australia, and his failure to gain more than very )] TJ ET BT 34.016 556.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(general statements of support from an elusive Ellis for the World Sexual Reform Congress in London, 1929, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 542.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(are an amusing story in themselves. They form a paradigm of the relationship between these two very )] TJ ET BT 34.016 527.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(different personalities, Haire the relentless self-promoter with his profitable, and occasionally skirting the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 513.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(illegal, Harley Street practice, his vigorous in volvement in organisations and public activity, forming almost )] TJ ET BT 34.016 499.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the antithesis to Ellis.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 473.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(There are one or two slight niggles: was Brixton quite such a geographically black hole as Nottingham )] TJ ET BT 34.016 458.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(implies? - or is this overlaying the modern transport network upon early twentieth century London? It was )] TJ ET BT 34.016 444.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(off the fashionable map, and undoubtedly inconv enient for casual dropping in, but hardly as much of a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 430.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(gruelling pilgrimage as Carpenter's Milthorpe. Surely there were trams and buses? Stella Browne, for )] TJ ET BT 34.016 416.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(example, was at one time making the journey from Chelsea to take tea with Ellis relatively often.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 389.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(While, as indicated at the outset, the state of Ellis scholarship is deplorable, the rather early cut-off date of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 375.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the works cited by Nottingham mean that a number of recent works which endeavour to place the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 361.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(sexological project in its wider cultural conte xt have been overlooked. Rosario's )] TJ ET BT 424.448 361.301 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Science and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 347.045 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Homosexualities)] TJ ET BT 114.008 347.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( has already been mentioned, and the essays in Lucy Bland and Laura Doan's )] TJ ET BT 487.088 347.045 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Sexology in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 332.789 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Culture)] TJ ET BT 70.688 332.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(1998\) similarly provide some new ways of looking at the influence of Ellis and his compeers. But )] TJ ET BT 34.016 318.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(this book is so solid in its research, going where nobody has yet gone, that this is but a minor cavil and far )] TJ ET BT 34.016 304.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(from being a major lacuna.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 278.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Finally, it must be said that this book is very well-written and a joy to read. Ellis himself was a remarkable )] TJ ET BT 34.016 263.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(stylist - as Rebecca West, herself no mean mistress of English prose, commented. Nottingham's own prose-)] TJ ET BT 34.016 249.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(style does not suffer when in conjunctio n with quoted passages, and some of his lines indeed stand )] TJ ET BT 34.016 235.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(comparison with West's wonderful characterisation of Ellis as sustaining 'in the most difficult circumstances' )] TJ ET BT 34.016 220.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the 'inveterate appearance... of being a character out of )] TJ ET BT 299.408 220.997 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Cranford')] TJ ET BT 346.652 220.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(. Nottingha m has produced a subtly-argued )] TJ ET BT 34.016 206.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and nuanced study which, while far from uncritical of Ellis as a man and a thinker, explains why and how he )] TJ ET BT 34.016 192.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(became such an important and influential figure in the intellectual life of twentieth-century Britain.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 166.229 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Other reviews:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 151.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([2])] TJ ET 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.391 147.247 526.499 1.500 re S BT 34.016 129.467 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Source URL:)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 104.672 129.467 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/review/120)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 104.672 128.073 m 322.316 128.073 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 103.096 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Links:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 88.696 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([1] http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/item/714)] TJ ET BT 34.016 74.296 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([2] http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews)] TJ ET endstream endobj 20 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 21 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 104.6717 128.3875 322.3157 140.2675 ] >> endobj 21 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/review/120) >> endobj xref 0 22 0000000000 65535 f 0000000008 00000 n 0000000073 00000 n 0000000119 00000 n 0000000342 00000 n 0000000379 00000 n 0000000563 00000 n 0000000645 00000 n 0000005312 00000 n 0000005421 00000 n 0000005531 00000 n 0000005640 00000 n 0000009201 00000 n 0000009329 00000 n 0000009413 00000 n 0000009478 00000 n 0000017221 00000 n 0000017286 00000 n 0000025005 00000 n 0000025089 00000 n 0000032140 00000 n 0000032268 00000 n trailer << /Size 22 /Root 1 0 R /Info 5 0 R >> startxref 32363 %%EOF