%PDF-1.3 1 0 obj << /Type /Catalog /Outlines 2 0 R /Pages 3 0 R >> endobj 2 0 obj << /Type /Outlines /Count 0 >> endobj 3 0 obj << /Type /Pages /Kids [6 0 R 17 0 R 19 0 R 21 0 R ] /Count 4 /Resources << /ProcSet 4 0 R /Font << /F1 8 0 R /F2 9 0 R /F3 10 0 R >> /XObject << /I1 11 0 R >> >> /MediaBox [0.000 0.000 595.280 841.890] >> endobj 4 0 obj [/PDF /Text /ImageC ] endobj 5 0 obj << /Creator (DOMPDF) /CreationDate (D:20140706001438+01'00') /ModDate (D:20140706001438+01'00') /Title (Albert. A Life) >> endobj 6 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 12 0 R 15 0 R ] /Contents 7 0 R >> endobj 7 0 obj << /Length 4461 >> stream q 381.750 0 0 120.000 34.016 687.874 cm /I1 Do Q 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Published on )] TJ ET BT 99.356 676.469 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Reviews in History)] TJ ET BT 190.016 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \()] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 197.012 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 197.012 675.075 m 357.332 675.075 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 357.332 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\))] TJ ET 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.391 653.743 526.499 1.500 re S BT 34.016 615.321 Td /F3 18.0 Tf [(Albert. A Life)] TJ ET BT 34.016 287.579 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(At a time when the book as a physical object is apparently under threat, one point about Jules Stewart?s )] TJ ET BT 34.016 273.323 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Albert)] TJ ET BT 64.016 273.323 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( is that it forms part of the counter-attack. It is beautifully produced. Its front cover shows a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 259.067 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(photograph of Albert of stunning reality, revealing in particular the much-noted clarity of the Prince?s eyes. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 244.811 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The typeface, line spacing and page layout ? and not least the reasonable price ? make this inviting as a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 230.555 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(readable object. The 16 pages of images and photographs at the heart of the book are useful and supportive )] TJ ET BT 34.016 216.299 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of the text. Everything about the book?s appearance suggests accessibility, and it does indeed seem that the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 202.043 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(main aim of the book is to present Albert for the first time to readers who otherwise do not read much )] TJ ET BT 34.016 187.787 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(history or, if they do, prefer it well packaged and in digestible proportions. There is nothing inherently )] TJ ET BT 34.016 173.531 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(wrong with this aim. Indeed, there is much to be said in support of a work which encourages wider historical )] TJ ET BT 34.016 159.275 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(consciousness and points to the main contributions of Albert, still one of the most significant and yet under-)] TJ ET BT 34.016 145.019 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(appreciated figures in 19th-century British history despite the monumental official biography by Theodore )] TJ ET BT 34.016 130.763 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Martin, and Stanley Weintraub?s more succinct and up-to-date )] TJ ET BT 338.288 130.763 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Albert. Uncrowned King)] TJ ET BT 456.620 130.763 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 459.620 130.763 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(1\))] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 459.620 129.369 m 473.612 129.369 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 104.507 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The book delivers what one might expect. It produces a narrative with general chronological coherence, tied )] TJ ET BT 34.016 90.251 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(together by reference to the obvious intensity of Albert?s relationship with Victoria, on the one hand, and the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 75.995 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(long ? but tragically curtailed ? list of good causes in which Albert involved himself on the other. There is )] TJ ET BT 34.016 61.739 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(some attempt to explain Albert?s motives in terms of his own broken family background, Protestant )] TJ ET BT 34.016 584.699 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Review Number:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 570.443 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(1200)] TJ ET BT 34.016 556.187 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publish date:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 541.931 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Wednesday, 1 February, 2012)] TJ ET BT 34.016 527.675 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Author:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 513.419 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Jules Stewart)] TJ ET BT 34.016 499.163 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(ISBN:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 484.907 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(9781848859777)] TJ ET BT 34.016 470.651 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Date of Publication:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 456.395 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(2011)] TJ ET BT 34.016 442.139 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Price:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 427.883 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(19.99)] TJ ET BT 34.016 413.627 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Pages:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 399.371 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(288pp.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 385.115 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publisher:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 370.859 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(I. B. Tauris)] TJ ET BT 34.016 356.603 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Place of Publication:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 342.347 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(London)] TJ ET BT 34.016 328.091 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Reviewer:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 313.835 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(John R. Davis)] TJ ET endstream endobj 8 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F1 /BaseFont /Times-Roman /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 9 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F2 /BaseFont /Times-Italic /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 10 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F3 /BaseFont /Times-Bold /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 11 0 obj << /Type /XObject /Subtype /Image /Width 509 /Height 160 /Filter /FlateDecode /DecodeParms << /Predictor 15 /Colors 3 /Columns 509 /BitsPerComponent 8>> /Mask [ 255 255 255 255 255 255 ] /ColorSpace /DeviceRGB /BitsPerComponent 8 /Length 3280>> stream x[EQ㎦fVttҒ +3O{?lGDQԯDrB^.ϯ%~'0۠/2>0AG_>0j0GCfE67>rB^}@  !&y+r?INp:erc b8f=rQC!~-Wf^^zF[)G 2ޯe7V_Go3Ke GEGOo8rώ#\1ZY~N6^H}yLxS-!:412V+u\-LSO?xVvZ|GjǮT_8EYJF=Tw^ 7GxfN/S:Ʌ~ʟtt?5n÷J'JcF-GVξx{rO~tJd;#a\7}|~y'>}c2C vR}f׈**h.)_&@pfzjsx:5;S\vKhM5j=!Cn+h"u]a EUN]jn=k<,:Ք>sU!ni~6EJ)¦72?G}[y}_vc$t?iSܟ2Zݞ,VN?_`='RFK1A2qv&X_lLRWY'%:I㢖zb_UEx\>&ɆBˏ~K@ \gYØU4}$8Dv!'Q'*+Εj(UCGo[#< 2Ja(sZi9fZKE Rn`u\9r^Zmɯ׹}mstO4uc~#'jEvۼ Dx[z ޏQ4KL5,5u3>i^uÒ-53ba ~,~/pyt1fMU'CVm:qv~=Y'Es"WsφG?l_kN5}],Ow7 uh`xƫ?zMl7ٻv$A(4Dl(wwH} ?=[=S;yC]^BK>㕪9`Z'Wj;E|:bf>kCԘ#RY,iv쵗~}n'"1u" *uO΄/2^Sxr(!/DD\~mJyZ!MmrA!#u[if|99WB WΡpp}w}sh#,\ &:%˳X?D3 %W0cC?o̲^} F3XLVn]Cߖiϧ!7}yZJ#P7]=)7Ρp;>> Ye^xx{Oafw{ ;>4gfLt ʊ:q%#r/)pv!O4wGh|dS ӣݽހ-gVUC'pBxrB^} 7JA^} /'8!`:r?}}],X  }6y!`/~Br?}Q< >k7vx"] ,' .3jn{-i}|~%-};b6#U)7繎kiEw 㤳:E}[޼c"rꬊ7Dc$~"/Y&zSd:tFȌCrʙ`7u .#[-<)j ?TGS(j~oTup(hjU4PlJ=}|it.ҽ@\wʨuXÞZcx18Wo<~ikOg,ވ\^?EneyZcc0[R١z|zv7_m:_n]a?osS3~j^ hD.a_X'KfBX6w wݶ"Oa:,bvhrWH[uCF-Xfc}>x+Rz)2N-B 7y^٨;[/vg? | |2Sve}=o䑰j[vWjF0{굦?VI~}xM(_TlG__+]:#к?S} c>GŸD7 !w{S{B =x7a?oE#)+Gz:o_4Q<;n?\tt7?mGCџQGu4kņOF>F?#} hP&ђߴM#u!.СtL2^#o nIk_i.~7tr@n 1P~3?.[]=S5b߮~Yo^HFH YBi8a4iom>CKgMy*;?zqEӕ` >zB9iFzC?XF?ޟIܰ펉A}{I5ᄊx%ez#Mp@rߎpi]IOVjzuJt\۰f׺u5><,J~PTJp1)}){9N {!`/> endstream endobj 12 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 13 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 197.0117 675.3895 357.3317 687.2695 ] >> endobj 13 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews) >> endobj 14 0 obj [6 0 R /Fit] endobj 15 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 16 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 459.6197 129.6835 473.6117 141.5635 ] >> endobj 16 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 17 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Contents 18 0 R >> endobj 18 0 obj << /Length 7362 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(devotion to good works, and sympathy with the plight of the working classes. The role of Albert?s close )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(mentors is illuminated ? King Leopold of Belgium, his tutor, Florschtz, Sir Robert Peel and, of course, the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(ubiquitous Baron Stockmar. So is that of his arch-foes ? the Tories of the early 1840s, the British press and, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(naturally, Lord Palmerston. Albert?s successive victories over, and acceptance by his enemies gives the book )] TJ ET BT 34.016 739.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(its sense of momentum. The attempt is made to indicate Albert?s legacy particularly in terms of the South )] TJ ET BT 34.016 725.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Kensington complex and the many other cultural institutions he was connected with, as well as the trajectory )] TJ ET BT 34.016 710.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(? and longevity ? of the monarchy as an institution in Britain. In terms of research on Albert, there are no )] TJ ET BT 34.016 696.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(surprises. But then this, it seems, is not meant as an academic work, and it therefore should not be judged as )] TJ ET BT 34.016 682.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(such. It is attractive, readable, generally comprehensive and interesting.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 656.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(For academic researchers of Albert, then, the book does not contain new information. Its interest for )] TJ ET BT 34.016 641.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(academics might be rather a back-handed one of textual analysis, for its narrative style is typical and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 627.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(exemplary of many works on monarchical subjects, and useful as an illustration of the strengths and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 613.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(weaknesses of the genre and of the challenges and pitfalls the historian faces when dealing with these )] TJ ET BT 34.016 599.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(subjects. It is also indicative of the dangers of treating an historical subject so closely located to discourses )] TJ ET BT 34.016 584.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of nationalism, and so intensively intertwined with a range of areas of British history, and yet ? these days ? )] TJ ET BT 34.016 570.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(so far removed from political science and serious historical investigation. For, despite the advances made in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 556.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(terms of historical scholarship on monarchs and aristocracy, the very nature of the subject has insulated it )] TJ ET BT 34.016 542.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(from rigorous investigation and serious academic consideration.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 515.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(A crucial problem is that many of the sources historians must utilise are produced in a laudatory, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 501.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(hagiographic fashion, and the documents produced by those closest to the monarch or royalty are usually the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 487.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(most hagiographic of the lot. This, one might argue, is even more the case with Albert than with other )] TJ ET BT 34.016 473.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(members of the royal family, given the premature and sudden nature of his death, the interrupted trajectory )] TJ ET BT 34.016 458.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of his life, and the iconic way in which he was treated for the rest of Victoria?s reign both by the monarch )] TJ ET BT 34.016 444.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(herself, but also by large sections of government and society.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 418.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Added to this, the public discussion of royalty rests, and indeed apparently thrives, upon the personal )] TJ ET BT 34.016 404.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(narrative. It seems that either large numbers of us must attempt to view royalty as like ourselves and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 389.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(normalise their existence, or we are unavoidably drawn towards the personal and private side of their lives. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 375.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The patently abnormal nature of their lives, the complexity of the world in which they must operate, and the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 361.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(dexterity which they show, or do not show, in managing their affairs are made less apparent. Another result )] TJ ET BT 34.016 347.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of this is that monarchs become the centre of the action. Their importance is underlined again and again. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 332.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Here, Albert is seen as having caused this to happen, or having been responsible for that, when clearly one )] TJ ET BT 34.016 318.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(person could not have done these things alone ? the Hadrian?s Wall phenomenon. This book is full of such )] TJ ET BT 34.016 304.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(claims. Albert defused the bedchamber crisis. He was responsible for the success of the Great Exhibition, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 290.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and so forth. It makes easy reading, and this, in itself, should be an interesting feature to the historian. But it )] TJ ET BT 34.016 275.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(is generalisation, and overlooks the complexity of both the prince?s motives for involving himself in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 261.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(something and the many factors contributing to the evolution of such projects. It derives from the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 247.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(contemporaneous desire to place the monarch at the head of things in order to demonstrate loyalty, to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 232.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(promote a cause, to move one clique in front of another, to give the official stamp of approval, and so forth.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 206.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Equally, the political milieu and changing constitutional setting of the monarch become secondary. The )] TJ ET BT 34.016 192.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(oddness of Albert?s existence and the complexity of monarchs? lives in legal, financial and political senses )] TJ ET BT 34.016 178.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(are diminished. This is a shame, as the way in which monarchs managed their finances, or the mechanics of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 163.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(such things as estate ownership, are significant dimensions of the monarchical story. True psychological )] TJ ET BT 34.016 149.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(analysis is also set aside. In its place we are presented here with some tantalising, but analytically moribund )] TJ ET BT 34.016 135.461 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(points about Albert?s ?inherent morose character? \(p.151\), his closeness to ? but alienation from ? his )] TJ ET BT 34.016 121.205 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(mother, and his obviously problematic relationships with his father and brother.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 94.949 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(More worryingly, the author ascribes many aspects of Albert?s character to his nationality. This is probably )] TJ ET BT 34.016 80.693 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(anachronistic and misleading, given the state of German national culture, the parochialism of Germany, and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 66.437 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the atypical nature of the aristocratic class in the early to mid 19th century. What is interesting about this for )] TJ ET BT 34.016 52.181 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the academic historian is that it seems instead to be evidence of a generalised, prejudicial, Anglo-centric way )] TJ ET endstream endobj 19 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Contents 20 0 R >> endobj 20 0 obj << /Length 7524 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of thinking one might expect in loyal, monarchical history. For example, the book presents the reader with a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(series of generalisations about Albert?s ?German? character ? his ?characteristic German thoroughness? \(p. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(87\), the fact he came ?from a culture in which the accepted way of settling offences to one?s honour was )] TJ ET BT 34.016 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(with sabres or pistols ...? \(p. 195\), and the way in which setting art into a historical context was )] TJ ET BT 34.016 739.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(?characteristic of Albert?s orderly, Germanic mind ...? \(p. 227\). This mode of thought may be looked at by )] TJ ET BT 34.016 725.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(non-academic readers uncritically, or even with applause, today, when we are presented successively with )] TJ ET BT 34.016 710.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(repeated assumptions about the ?German character? in the press. Popular curiosity about Albert is certainly )] TJ ET BT 34.016 696.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(derived from the fact he was German, so this will again strengthen its attractiveness. But it does not move )] TJ ET BT 34.016 682.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(historical scholarship forward.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 656.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(In a similar vein, we have in the book a series of heroes and anti-heroes, which in the cases of the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 641.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Hanoverian monarchs or Baroness Lehzen verges on the pantomime. Even if one were to disregard these )] TJ ET BT 34.016 627.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(instances as part of the campaign to place Albert at the heart of things, it is less possible when the caricature )] TJ ET BT 34.016 613.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(extends to Queen Victoria herself: we are told at one point she ?possessed not a fraction of her husband?s )] TJ ET BT 34.016 599.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(refinement or knowledge? \(p. 89\). This, however, will not do. Generally, Victoria is presented as emotional, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 584.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(sensual, dependent, uninterested in politics and child-bound. This way of looking at Victoria, it seems to this )] TJ ET BT 34.016 570.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(reviewer, has become fashionable, and has emerged out of desire on the part of later generations to debunk )] TJ ET BT 34.016 556.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the myth of prudish Victorians. While Strachey might do this in order to point to Victorian hypocrisy, later )] TJ ET BT 34.016 542.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(historians have reacted to Strachey?s caricature in turn, and attempted to stress the aspect of Victorians as )] TJ ET BT 34.016 527.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(real people, just like us. In the case of royalty, it also triggers prurient curiosity about what went on, and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 513.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(what goes on, behind the scenes. Victoria, however, was not unrefined or ignorant. She was not sex-mad or )] TJ ET BT 34.016 499.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(dominated by Albert. She was ? comparatively ? highly cultured, well versed in literature, art and music, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 485.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(spoke several languages fluently, at the heart of things constitutionally from the start of her reign, and no )] TJ ET BT 34.016 470.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(push-over, even in her dealings with her husband. She was a formidable presence in family but also in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 456.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(politics, and bound the two spheres together with skill. She was intelligent. She and Albert both learned on )] TJ ET BT 34.016 442.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the job. They were both highly unusual figures and the product of their very unique environment. This does )] TJ ET BT 34.016 428.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(not make easy reading, but it is as it was.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 401.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Given the focus is on Albert, but also in the light of the Anglo-centric viewpoint, the highly complex but )] TJ ET BT 34.016 387.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(momentous state of European politics in the period can only be sketched, and this with some inaccuracy: the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 373.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(significance of Ernest \(and, via him, Albert\) in German nationalism in the 1850s and 1860s is overlooked. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 359.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Coburg was undoubtedly small, but its geographic position made it the centre of things in terms of national )] TJ ET BT 34.016 344.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(liberalism in the late 1850s. Stockmar?s role in the revolutions of 1848 does not get a mention, and the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 330.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(political dimensions of the Great Exhibition not just in Britain but abroad are underplayed. Baron Bunsen ? )] TJ ET BT 34.016 316.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the other prominent German in Britain, and a collaborator with the Prince ? is not mentioned. Lyon Playfair )] TJ ET BT 34.016 302.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(receives a bit-part, despite his closeness to Albert. Though generally reliable, there is some confusion on the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 287.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(multiple and layered German family ? possibly understandable. Vicky did not come to the throne ten years )] TJ ET BT 34.016 273.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(after Albert?s death \(as stated on p. 197\) but much later. And so on.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 247.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(It is, of course, nigh on impossible to capture fully a life as extensive in action as Prince Albert?s in a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 232.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(volume this size. There are many omissions, but it has to be conceded that, even though his life was so short, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 218.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Albert is typical of many great Victorians in testing the biographer?s abilities and knowledge to the limits. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 204.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The Victorian elite included an extraordinary number of polymaths. Albert was one of them, but his range of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 190.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(activity was international as well. Generalisation is inevitable. Given the dearth of linguistic skills in Britain )] TJ ET BT 34.016 175.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the historical treatments will also remain endemically parochial. Still, the concern remains that popular )] TJ ET BT 34.016 161.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(assumptions and public history must be challenged, rather than repeated and, in many respects, reinforced. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 147.461 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(This is the challenge for academic historians, but it is not one that has been strongly embraced. As discussed, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 133.205 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(there are many reasons for this, but one final point is that academics have generally ? though not exclusively )] TJ ET BT 34.016 118.949 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(? looked down on monarchs and princes as a serious academic subject, and have tried to divest themselves as )] TJ ET BT 34.016 104.693 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(a rule from being drawn into the establishment. This has left the field open to historians with no such )] TJ ET BT 34.016 90.437 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(qualms, and who are not prepared to treat with due criticism the documentary trail left behind. It has also, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 76.181 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(however, meant that monarchical history has become separate from constitutional history, and the position )] TJ ET BT 34.016 61.925 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of the monarch in a legal and political framework and the way in which this position has evolved over time, )] TJ ET endstream endobj 21 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 23 0 R 25 0 R 27 0 R ] /Contents 22 0 R >> endobj 22 0 obj << /Length 2323 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(have become hazy in academic historical consciousness.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 770.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Despite these thoughts, this book is an enjoyable, attractive and intelligible survey of Albert?s life. It does )] TJ ET BT 34.016 755.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(not aim to contribute new scholarship on the subject. Perhaps, instead, it will serve to encourage interest in a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 741.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(prince who actually earned respect rather than simply expecting or being given it.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 706.803 Td /F3 18.0 Tf [(Notes)] TJ ET BT 48.816 676.186 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(1.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 676.181 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Theodore Martin, )] TJ ET BT 151.664 676.181 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The Life of the Prince Consort: Prince Albert and His Times)] TJ ET BT 442.328 676.181 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(5 vols., London, )] TJ ET BT 64.016 661.925 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(1874?80\); Stanley Weintraub, )] TJ ET BT 211.328 661.925 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Albert. Uncrowned King)] TJ ET BT 329.660 661.925 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(London, 1997\).)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 410.984 661.925 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(1\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 410.984 660.531 m 464.972 660.531 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 635.669 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Other reviews:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 621.413 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Weekly Review)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 34.016 607.157 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.theweeklyreview.com.au/article-display/Taking-an-interest-in-Prince-Albert/4648)] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.016 605.763 m 485.600 605.763 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 488.600 607.157 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([2])] TJ ET 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.391 602.431 526.499 1.500 re S BT 34.016 584.651 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Source URL:)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 104.672 584.651 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/review/1200)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 104.672 583.257 m 328.316 583.257 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 558.280 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Links:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 543.880 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([1] http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/item/7857)] TJ ET BT 34.016 529.480 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([2] http://www.theweeklyreview.com.au/article-display/Taking-an-interest-in-Prince-Albert/4648)] TJ ET endstream endobj 23 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 24 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 410.9837 660.8455 464.9717 672.7255 ] >> endobj 24 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /GoTo /D 14 0 R >> endobj 25 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 26 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 34.0157 606.0775 485.5997 617.9575 ] >> endobj 26 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.theweeklyreview.com.au/article-display/Taking-an-interest-in-Prince-Albert/4648) >> endobj 27 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 28 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 104.6717 583.5715 328.3157 595.4515 ] >> endobj 28 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/review/1200) >> endobj xref 0 29 0000000000 65535 f 0000000008 00000 n 0000000073 00000 n 0000000119 00000 n 0000000342 00000 n 0000000379 00000 n 0000000517 00000 n 0000000606 00000 n 0000005119 00000 n 0000005228 00000 n 0000005338 00000 n 0000005447 00000 n 0000009008 00000 n 0000009136 00000 n 0000009220 00000 n 0000009249 00000 n 0000009377 00000 n 0000009413 00000 n 0000009478 00000 n 0000016893 00000 n 0000016958 00000 n 0000024535 00000 n 0000024633 00000 n 0000027009 00000 n 0000027137 00000 n 0000027192 00000 n 0000027319 00000 n 0000027461 00000 n 0000027589 00000 n trailer << /Size 29 /Root 1 0 R /Info 5 0 R >> startxref 27685 %%EOF