%PDF-1.3 1 0 obj << /Type /Catalog /Outlines 2 0 R /Pages 3 0 R >> endobj 2 0 obj << /Type /Outlines /Count 0 >> endobj 3 0 obj << /Type /Pages /Kids [6 0 R 14 0 R 16 0 R 18 0 R 20 0 R 22 0 R ] /Count 6 /Resources << /ProcSet 4 0 R /Font << /F1 8 0 R /F2 9 0 R /F3 10 0 R >> /XObject << /I1 11 0 R >> >> /MediaBox [0.000 0.000 595.280 841.890] >> endobj 4 0 obj [/PDF /Text /ImageC ] endobj 5 0 obj << /Creator (DOMPDF) /CreationDate (D:20140728200921+01'00') /ModDate (D:20140728200921+01'00') /Title (Becoming Neapolitan. Citizen Culture in Baroque Naples) >> endobj 6 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 12 0 R ] /Contents 7 0 R >> endobj 7 0 obj << /Length 3586 >> stream q 381.750 0 0 120.000 34.016 687.874 cm /I1 Do Q 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Published on )] TJ ET BT 99.356 676.469 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Reviews in History)] TJ ET BT 190.016 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \()] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 197.012 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 197.012 675.075 m 357.332 675.075 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 357.332 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\))] TJ ET 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.391 653.743 526.499 1.500 re S BT 34.016 615.321 Td /F3 18.0 Tf [(Becoming Neapolitan. Citizen Culture in Baroque Naples)] TJ ET BT 34.016 287.579 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(In his New Year?s address for 2012 the British Prime Minister sought to rally a demoralized people saddled )] TJ ET BT 34.016 273.323 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(with debts, recession, and unemployment in the face of a continuing policy of wholesale transfer of assets )] TJ ET BT 34.016 259.067 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(from public to private, by reminding them of the forthcoming Olympic Games and the Queen?s Jubilee. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 244.811 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(There was something redolent of early modern Naples in the promise of bread and circuses, the emphasis on )] TJ ET BT 34.016 230.555 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(display rather than substance, the insistence on a glorious past and \(hastily reinvented\) tradition, and the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 216.299 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(conjuring of the allure and excitement of feasts, festivals and pomp to divert and distract, reassure and unify )] TJ ET BT 34.016 202.043 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(a divided and potentially disaffected citizen body. John Marino?s book argues that, in the face of the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 187.787 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(dispossession and exploitation of the poor of Naples, the elites mounted fabulous festivals, parties and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 173.531 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(celebrations, and threw in their lot with the Spanish against the )] TJ ET BT 339.320 173.531 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(popolo)] TJ ET BT 372.656 173.531 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(. Indeed court culture emerges as a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 159.275 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(monstrous seduction of its elites, narcissistic and self-serving. It feels a familiar story; yet Marino tells it by )] TJ ET BT 34.016 145.019 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(drawing together a rich variety of sources ? visual, artistic, ephemeral, hagiographic, ludic, literary, and legal.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 584.699 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Review Number:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 570.443 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(1202)] TJ ET BT 34.016 556.187 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publish date:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 541.931 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Wednesday, 1 February, 2012)] TJ ET BT 34.016 527.675 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Author:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 513.419 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(John A. Marino)] TJ ET BT 34.016 499.163 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(ISBN:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 484.907 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(9780801897870)] TJ ET BT 34.016 470.651 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Date of Publication:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 456.395 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(2010)] TJ ET BT 34.016 442.139 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Price:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 427.883 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(31.00)] TJ ET BT 34.016 413.627 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Pages:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 399.371 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(360pp.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 385.115 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publisher:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 370.859 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(John Hopkins University Press)] TJ ET BT 34.016 356.603 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Place of Publication:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 342.347 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Baltimore, MD)] TJ ET BT 34.016 328.091 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Reviewer:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 313.835 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Helen Hills)] TJ ET endstream endobj 8 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F1 /BaseFont /Times-Roman /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 9 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F2 /BaseFont /Times-Italic /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 10 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F3 /BaseFont /Times-Bold /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 11 0 obj << /Type /XObject /Subtype /Image /Width 509 /Height 160 /Filter /FlateDecode /DecodeParms << /Predictor 15 /Colors 3 /Columns 509 /BitsPerComponent 8>> /Mask [ 255 255 255 255 255 255 ] /ColorSpace /DeviceRGB /BitsPerComponent 8 /Length 3280>> stream x[EQ㎦fVttҒ +3O{?lGDQԯDrB^.ϯ%~'0۠/2>0AG_>0j0GCfE67>rB^}@  !&y+r?INp:erc b8f=rQC!~-Wf^^zF[)G 2ޯe7V_Go3Ke GEGOo8rώ#\1ZY~N6^H}yLxS-!:412V+u\-LSO?xVvZ|GjǮT_8EYJF=Tw^ 7GxfN/S:Ʌ~ʟtt?5n÷J'JcF-GVξx{rO~tJd;#a\7}|~y'>}c2C vR}f׈**h.)_&@pfzjsx:5;S\vKhM5j=!Cn+h"u]a EUN]jn=k<,:Ք>sU!ni~6EJ)¦72?G}[y}_vc$t?iSܟ2Zݞ,VN?_`='RFK1A2qv&X_lLRWY'%:I㢖zb_UEx\>&ɆBˏ~K@ \gYØU4}$8Dv!'Q'*+Εj(UCGo[#< 2Ja(sZi9fZKE Rn`u\9r^Zmɯ׹}mstO4uc~#'jEvۼ Dx[z ޏQ4KL5,5u3>i^uÒ-53ba ~,~/pyt1fMU'CVm:qv~=Y'Es"WsφG?l_kN5}],Ow7 uh`xƫ?zMl7ٻv$A(4Dl(wwH} ?=[=S;yC]^BK>㕪9`Z'Wj;E|:bf>kCԘ#RY,iv쵗~}n'"1u" *uO΄/2^Sxr(!/DD\~mJyZ!MmrA!#u[if|99WB WΡpp}w}sh#,\ &:%˳X?D3 %W0cC?o̲^} F3XLVn]Cߖiϧ!7}yZJ#P7]=)7Ρp;>> Ye^xx{Oafw{ ;>4gfLt ʊ:q%#r/)pv!O4wGh|dS ӣݽހ-gVUC'pBxrB^} 7JA^} /'8!`:r?}}],X  }6y!`/~Br?}Q< >k7vx"] ,' .3jn{-i}|~%-};b6#U)7繎kiEw 㤳:E}[޼c"rꬊ7Dc$~"/Y&zSd:tFȌCrʙ`7u .#[-<)j ?TGS(j~oTup(hjU4PlJ=}|it.ҽ@\wʨuXÞZcx18Wo<~ikOg,ވ\^?EneyZcc0[R١z|zv7_m:_n]a?osS3~j^ hD.a_X'KfBX6w wݶ"Oa:,bvhrWH[uCF-Xfc}>x+Rz)2N-B 7y^٨;[/vg? | |2Sve}=o䑰j[vWjF0{굦?VI~}xM(_TlG__+]:#к?S} c>GŸD7 !w{S{B =x7a?oE#)+Gz:o_4Q<;n?\tt7?mGCџQGu4kņOF>F?#} hP&ђߴM#u!.СtL2^#o nIk_i.~7tr@n 1P~3?.[]=S5b߮~Yo^HFH YBi8a4iom>CKgMy*;?zqEӕ` >zB9iFzC?XF?ޟIܰ펉A}{I5ᄊx%ez#Mp@rߎpi]IOVjzuJt\۰f׺u5><,J~PTJp1)}){9N {!`/> endstream endobj 12 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 13 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 197.0117 675.3895 357.3317 687.2695 ] >> endobj 13 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews) >> endobj 14 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Contents 15 0 R >> endobj 15 0 obj << /Length 7463 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 784.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(This book ? part of a remarkable recent resurgence of scholarly interest in Naples and its Kingdom ? grew )] TJ ET BT 34.016 770.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(from an enquiry into the noble )] TJ ET BT 183.332 770.213 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(seggi, )] TJ ET BT 214.664 770.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(political aristocratic administrative districts of Naples, and became an )] TJ ET BT 34.016 755.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(investigation into the ways in which the inhabitants of Naples ?constructed their identity? under Spanish )] TJ ET BT 34.016 741.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(rule. )] TJ ET BT 58.676 741.701 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Becoming Neapolitan )] TJ ET BT 166.004 741.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(examines ?the making and unmaking of citizens?, their identity and self-)] TJ ET BT 34.016 727.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(representation through the myths and rituals of early modern Naples.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 701.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Marino?s selection of fields to analyse ritual includes city and religious festivals, processions, saints and the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 686.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(work of Paolo Regio, royal obsequies, painting and architecture. One chapter is devoted to games as a form )] TJ ET BT 34.016 672.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of ritual, relating the chance and skill to the )] TJ ET BT 245.984 672.677 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(fortuna)] TJ ET BT 281.324 672.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( and )] TJ ET BT 304.652 672.677 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(virt)] TJ ET BT 327.320 672.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( of the courtier with their underlying rules, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 658.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(structure, order, hierarchy. The book brings together a full and rich bibliography with much useful )] TJ ET BT 34.016 644.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(information and a wealth of facts, making them readily accessible for an English language readership.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 617.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Marino is interested in the problem of what he terms ?citizen identity? \(to this reviewer at least, an )] TJ ET BT 34.016 603.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(uncomfortably historicist notion\). ?How did the early modern city hold together? Why did its diverse social )] TJ ET BT 34.016 589.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(components of caste and class not pull it apart?? \(p. 2\). Broadly, ritual is identified here as central to the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 575.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(binding of the social; and in this the author follows the path established by anthropologist Victor Turner and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 560.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(adopted over 25 years ago by historians such as Richard Trexler for Renaissance Florence and Edwin Muir )] TJ ET BT 34.016 546.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(for Renaissance Venice, and subsequently taken up by a flurry of contemporary scholars including Maria )] TJ ET BT 34.016 532.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Antonietta Visceglia for Rome.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 506.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Fundamentally Marino argues for something far more nuanced than a simple explanation of colonial )] TJ ET BT 34.016 491.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(exploitation of a degenerate oligarchic political culture caught in a debilitating spiral of a backward )] TJ ET BT 34.016 477.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(economy. Rather, he follows a Machiavellian-inspired interpretation, one espoused by other recent )] TJ ET BT 34.016 463.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(historians, in seeing the contestation of early modern Naples as ?the product of a conscious policy pursued )] TJ ET BT 34.016 449.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(by the Spanish occupation to incorporate Naples into its imperial system as the centerpiece of its )] TJ ET BT 34.016 434.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Mediterranean policy? \(p. 113\). But constant conflict brought no change at all. The essence of early modern )] TJ ET BT 34.016 420.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(absolutist rule in Naples was ?a dialectic without synthesis?, whereby superior military force and centralized )] TJ ET BT 34.016 406.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(bureaucratic institutions exerted control by manipulating antagonisms between ?indigenous vying parties? )] TJ ET BT 34.016 392.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(p. 113\). While nobles and )] TJ ET BT 164.996 392.069 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(popolo)] TJ ET BT 201.332 392.069 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [()] TJ ET BT 204.332 392.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(retained ?more than the illusion of self-governance? in city affairs, the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 377.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(asymmetrical power relationships of noble patrons, commoner clients and the poor in fact reinforced the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 363.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Spanish control of power, because the monarchy?s ??good arms? held the status quo in check? \(p. 113\).)] TJ ET BT 34.016 337.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Broadly speaking, the picture Marino paints is one of cynical manipulation leading inevitably to ossification )] TJ ET BT 34.016 323.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and failure. The overall trend was towards the victory of the central state and its bureaucratization. The )] TJ ET BT 34.016 308.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(pacification of Naples under Charles V fostered a policy of ?divide and conquer? among factions in Naples, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 294.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(while the ?patronization of the Tridentine Reform of the church under Philip II froze local rituals into the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 280.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(celebration of the city?s imagined greatness? \(p. 220\). Under Philip IV ?local Neapolitan citizen culture? )] TJ ET BT 34.016 266.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(became an introverted ?nostalgic reverie? \(p. 22\). ?In post-plague, post revolt Naples, as wealth and power )] TJ ET BT 34.016 251.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(were concentrated in fewer hands, church and state exerted greater control over public celebrations and the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 237.509 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(popolo)] TJ ET BT 67.352 237.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(?s resistance was broken. In the slow recovery that started in the last third of the century, the ?new )] TJ ET BT 34.016 223.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(men?, upwardly mobile members of the state bureaucracy emerged as the ?clear winners? \(p. 238\). )] TJ ET BT 34.016 208.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(?Authentic, autochthonous local rituals were infused with Aragonese customs and Burgundian models by )] TJ ET BT 34.016 194.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(their Spanish Habsburg heirs in Naples and manipulated to become mannered, routinized forms that lost )] TJ ET BT 34.016 180.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(their original content and meaning? \(p. 22\).)] TJ ET BT 34.016 154.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The question of what is meant by ?ritual? and how it produced ?meanings? might usefully have been more )] TJ ET BT 34.016 139.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(critically investigated. Are urban feasts and religious processions, however popular, not inevitably to some )] TJ ET BT 34.016 125.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(extent ?routinized?? And what of the lament for a lost ?authentic? meaning? Marino himself reiterates Paul )] TJ ET BT 34.016 111.461 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Veyne?s argument that tradition emerges as a tale-carrying authority, here he assumes that customs have an )] TJ ET BT 34.016 97.205 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(original inherent ?meaning?. One might, instead, think of ?meaning? as less inherent within art or actions )] TJ ET BT 34.016 82.949 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(than produced by their interpreters. Are all cultural forms that include rules, regulation, hierarchy and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 68.693 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(structure best understood as ?rituals??)] TJ ET endstream endobj 16 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Contents 17 0 R >> endobj 17 0 obj << /Length 7543 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 784.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The claim here is that investigating Neapolitan ritual practices allows us ?to test how the factions in the city )] TJ ET BT 34.016 770.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(held together and came apart, and how effective the monarchy was in drawing its subjects to itself in forging )] TJ ET BT 34.016 755.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(a unified state? \(p. 20\). In 1510 and 1547 nobility and )] TJ ET BT 295.652 755.957 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(popolo)] TJ ET BT 328.988 755.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( joined forces to resist the imposition of the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 741.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Inquisition. ?The failure of any other sustained collaboration between the nobles and commons of Naples )] TJ ET BT 34.016 727.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(ossified the political development of the state, a fact that can be demonstrated in the disciplining and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 713.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(routinization of the city?s ritual life? \(p. 20\). But why would nobles and )] TJ ET BT 382.316 713.189 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(popolo)] TJ ET BT 415.652 713.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( find common interests? )] TJ ET BT 34.016 698.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Lurking here is perhaps an assumption that living in the same city necessarily provides greater bonds )] TJ ET BT 34.016 684.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(between inhabitants than those between elite groups of diverse origins. If rituals are assumed to function as a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 670.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(social ?glue?, then maybe they are not the best place to detect radical social divergence.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 644.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Historical contingency and the role of ?ritual? in producing what it claims merely to represent are perhaps )] TJ ET BT 34.016 629.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(inadequately entertained here. Thus while on the one hand, Marino speaks of )] TJ ET BT 406.604 629.909 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(piazze)] TJ ET BT 436.604 629.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( as ?parade grounds for )] TJ ET BT 34.016 615.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(face-to-face interaction in the struggle for power? \(p. 4\), nevertheless he sees processional positions as )] TJ ET BT 34.016 601.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(?reflecting? status and honour ?among fellow citizens and one?s place in the local social and political )] TJ ET BT 34.016 587.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(structure? \(p. 3?4\), rather than as actively )] TJ ET BT 236.288 587.141 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(producing )] TJ ET BT 288.620 587.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(status and honour in a contested field. Likewise, in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 572.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(arguing that origin myths of the city were deployed in the 16th and 17th centuries to identify its rightful )] TJ ET BT 34.016 558.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(citizens, Marino claims: ?Thus myths and rituals attempted to rationalize the fissures in the body politic, but )] TJ ET BT 34.016 544.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(they could never really repair or remove them? \(p. 7\). One might ask whether those myths and rituals were )] TJ ET BT 34.016 530.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(not kept alive largely because they were partial, deeply interested \(especially at those moments when )] TJ ET BT 34.016 515.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(disinterest was most sharply feigned\) and served not to heal but to intensify and re-route social fissures and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 501.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(ruptures.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 475.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Marino argues that Naples, though unique, was ?far less different from Italy?s other cities ?than is generally )] TJ ET BT 34.016 461.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(believed? \(p. 114\): ?the relative number of Neapolitan clergymen, nobles, and unemployed does not seem to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 446.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(be disproportionately large? \(p. 114\). Naples? clerical population was roughly equivalent to that of other )] TJ ET BT 34.016 432.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(cities; the percentage of its nobles very similar to that in Venice; and after the revolt of 1647, non-noble )] TJ ET BT 34.016 418.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(citizens still had wealth enough to support some 97 charitable institutions providing dowries to poor girls. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 404.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Yet while these aspects of Neapolitan life were less exceptional than has often been asserted, the political, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 389.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(social and cultural implications of Spanish rule rendered the city of disproportionate significance.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 363.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(While the Spanish government deployed its court in Naples to stage its power on a wider European stage, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 349.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the effects on Naples were nevertheless local and specific. Marino argues that the elaboration and alteration )] TJ ET BT 34.016 335.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of baroque rituals over time ?affected authority, solidarity and identity in Spanish Naples?; ?Spanish rule )] TJ ET BT 34.016 320.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and church reform transformed commoner traditions from above? \(p. 3\). Marino suggests that the King?s )] TJ ET BT 34.016 306.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(absence could make foreign rule more tolerable, as the king might be staged as benevolent, moderating over )] TJ ET BT 34.016 292.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(urban factions.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 266.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Marino sees Spanish control as implemented in part through the circumscription of inhabitable space \(the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 251.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Spanish walls defensive against French, Turk and Naples? own people\) and the crowded space as limiting )] TJ ET BT 34.016 237.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(employment, producing a legacy amongst the urban of ?dependence, destitution and despair? \(p. 115\). )] TJ ET BT 34.016 223.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(?Napoli nobilissima was ?the faded dream of a nostalgic nobility, a dream not open to the middling orders? )] TJ ET BT 34.016 208.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(p. 116\). Marino sees ?a truer Naples? as that adopted by ?the excluded middle?, masquerading as )] TJ ET BT 34.016 194.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(?fedelissima?, who were ?held in check by Spanish arms, noble seggi exclusion, and their own )] TJ ET BT 34.016 180.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(accommodation? \(p. 116\).)] TJ ET BT 34.016 154.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(As a historian, Marino is particularly interested in the role of history and historians in fashioning and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 139.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(reshaping city myths. Machiavelli, Botero, and Leandro Alberti set the scene. Marino shows us how )] TJ ET BT 34.016 125.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(antiquity and myth were reinvented by early modern rulers. He argues that Pandolfo Collenuccio?s )] TJ ET BT 34.016 111.461 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Compendio de le istorie del Regno di Napoli )] TJ ET BT 251.348 111.461 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(1498\) was prompted by the French invasions and the loss of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 97.205 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(kingdom?s independent monarchy. Claims to Neapolitan significance were routinely rooted in claims to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 82.949 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(exceptionality, precedence and priority. Michele Zappullo?s )] TJ ET BT 325.952 82.949 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Sommario Istorico )] TJ ET BT 418.616 82.949 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(1598\) casts Naples as the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 68.693 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(first city in Europe converted to Christianity, the refuge of Christianity during its persecution, and still ?the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 54.437 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(most devout [...] part of Italy? \(quoted p. 47\). Naples, the New Jerusalem, was a religious centre before )] TJ ET endstream endobj 18 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Contents 19 0 R >> endobj 19 0 obj << /Length 5735 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Rome. In Spanish Naples historians mined classical sources to trace the origins of the city, rationalize )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Spanish rule, and promote )] TJ ET BT 163.004 782.213 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(napolitanit)] TJ ET BT 221.684 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( ? the distinctive pre-eminence of Naples ? in order to link the ancient )] TJ ET BT 34.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(republic to the present. Thus Empire was restored, rather than republicanism lost; universal faith achieved, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(rather than )] TJ ET BT 88.664 753.701 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(cuius regio, eius religio.)] TJ ET BT 205.664 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( What was fashioned was the myth of )] TJ ET BT 388.964 753.701 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(buon governo)] TJ ET BT 455.288 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( as the history of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 739.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(triumphant nobility, antagonistic to the )] TJ ET BT 224.024 739.445 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(popolo )] TJ ET BT 260.360 739.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and disdainful of the plebs. Marino reads Capaccio?s )] TJ ET BT 34.016 725.189 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Il Forastiero )] TJ ET BT 98.684 725.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(1634\) as an anti-Machiavellian political theory for the Counter-Reformation prince, as ?the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 710.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(culmination of literary-historiographical culture? of the 30 preceding years \(p.4 8\), a dialogue that becomes )] TJ ET BT 34.016 696.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(philosophical disputation and moral instruction for the ruling class, and polemic against the vile and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 682.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(seditious )] TJ ET BT 79.688 682.421 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(popolo)] TJ ET BT 113.024 682.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( and plebs.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 656.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Marino suggests that cultural representations allow us ?to see how Neapolitans conceived of themselves )] TJ ET BT 34.016 641.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(across their three primary social divisions of nobility, )] TJ ET BT 293.660 641.909 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(popolo)] TJ ET BT 326.996 641.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, and plebs? \(p. 236\). While his arguments are )] TJ ET BT 34.016 627.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(elegantly and carefully made, it is assumed that ?nobility, )] TJ ET BT 313.652 627.653 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(popolo)] TJ ET BT 346.988 627.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( and plebs? pre-existed their artistic and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 613.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(political staging, rather than that they were the very categories the historians, the festival choreographers and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 599.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(painters worked so hard to secure.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 572.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The book is as its best when Marino spends longer in analyzing specific events, such as the visit of Maria )] TJ ET BT 34.016 558.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(d?Austria in 1630. The relentless jockeying for position, the frustration and anger when Neapolitans found )] TJ ET BT 34.016 544.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the vast fortunes they?d invested on welcoming festivities went unreciprocated, and the ruthless self-serving )] TJ ET BT 34.016 530.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(scheming of the viceregal circles emerge sharply. Marino?s efforts to engage seriously with art and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 515.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(architecture and to relate them to politics, literature and festivals to interpret the complex fracturings of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 501.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(citizen culture are particularly commendable. The curious juxtaposition of Vitruvian images of the ideal city )] TJ ET BT 34.016 487.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(with Old Testament and Apocalypse cycles in the marvelous intarsia panels of the sacristy of the monastery )] TJ ET BT 34.016 473.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of San Martino are read here as a staging of the Carthusian monks themselves as key intermediaries in the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 458.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(rendering Naples the New Jerusalem.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 432.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Marino is attentive to the delicacy and complexity of relationships between Habsburg monarch, viceroy, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 418.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(seggi, nobility, archbishop and papacy, and demonstrates how such relationships were delineated )] TJ ET BT 34.016 404.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(urbanistically in the )] TJ ET BT 132.344 404.069 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(possesso.)] TJ ET BT 177.344 404.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( He is refreshingly alive to the porosities between the religious and the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 389.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(supposedly mundane, such that the ?real presenza? might refer to the royal/ real presence of the king / )] TJ ET BT 34.016 375.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(eucharist, and he demonstrates effectively that the Viceroy deployed a rhetoric of humanist virtue to preside )] TJ ET BT 34.016 361.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(over secular and religious feasts and to refashion a symbolic geography and history. He is quick to point out )] TJ ET BT 34.016 347.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(that a certain civic ideology mirrors the Christian theology of the soul, with its emphasis on the city as a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 332.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(complete world in itself with a unique destiny and privileges, holding its citizens together in its mystical )] TJ ET BT 34.016 318.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(body. Such subtlety makes more disappointing those occasional slips into mere periodization as explanation: )] TJ ET BT 34.016 304.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(?the political debates and cultural wars contested symbols, values, and meaning, as late Renaissance culture )] TJ ET BT 34.016 290.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(confronted Counter-Reformation spirituality? \(p. 24\).)] TJ ET endstream endobj 20 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Contents 21 0 R >> endobj 21 0 obj << /Length 7687 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 784.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(City history as moral lesson was perhaps nowhere more urgently articulated than in urban festivals. Marino )] TJ ET BT 34.016 770.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(has gathered copious amounts of facts and engages in a considerable amount of quantification of feasts and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 755.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(their taxonomizing, which will be of use to scholars in diverse fields. Marino insists that Naples? three most )] TJ ET BT 34.016 741.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(important religious feast days \(S Gennaro?s translation, Corpus Christi and S Giovanni\) formed a ?political-)] TJ ET BT 34.016 727.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(religious unit? \(p. 92\) that came to play a central role in Neapolitan ritual, because they intertwined religious )] TJ ET BT 34.016 713.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(holiday, traditional agrarian and astrological calendar with the rising star of Spanish government and the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 698.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(viceroy?s rule. Processional routes became sacred ways, blessed and honoured by repetition. Departing from )] TJ ET BT 34.016 684.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the ?civic ritual? model espoused by Muir, Marino interprets the involvement of the viceroy in civic and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 670.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(religious festivals as part of a )] TJ ET BT 177.992 670.421 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(sacralization)] TJ ET BT 240.668 670.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( of religious celebrations until ?the religious component of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 656.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(festivals overwhelmed and subordinated the secular and political profile of Neapolitan public rituals in the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 641.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(second half of the 17th century? \(p. 73\). Marino identifies various ritual itineraries through the city, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 627.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(principally royal, viceregal, religious and popolo ? to which he adds the way of the condemned to their )] TJ ET BT 34.016 613.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(execution and those of the )] TJ ET BT 162.992 613.397 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(charivari)] TJ ET BT 207.656 613.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(times of ?social inversion? \(p. 111\)\), such as upon the murder of Don )] TJ ET BT 34.016 599.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Giuseppe Carafa. One wonders if thinking of these events in terms of ?inversion? unnecessarily forecloses )] TJ ET BT 34.016 584.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(their interpretative potential, that is, whether such nomenclature itself limits our understanding of them as )] TJ ET BT 34.016 570.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(anything more than temporary aberrations from a naturalized order.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 544.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Marino acknowledges that corporeal involvement and pleasure were vital to processions, music, feasts and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 530.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(masques, but while the spectacular is given significance \(spectacle ?turned myth into ritual?; ?spectacle )] TJ ET BT 34.016 515.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(transforms representation into lived experience? \(p. 235\)\), the phenomenological is not richly ploughed. The )] TJ ET BT 34.016 501.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(tendency instead is to read cultural creativity in a text/image paradigm, in which iconographical )] TJ ET BT 34.016 487.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(decipherment yields coherent meanings. While Marino?s engagement with a rich range of different sorts of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 473.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(objects yields rich results, he tends to hold them apart interpretatively. Thus the materiality and form of the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 458.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(objects with which he engages, the connections they make with other objects in space and time, and their )] TJ ET BT 34.016 444.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(potential for radically new interpretations are missed. Thus Domenico Fontana?s mausoleum for Philip II is )] TJ ET BT 34.016 430.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(interpreted iconographically through its numerous statues and narrative paintings of the kings? deeds, its )] TJ ET BT 34.016 416.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(emblems and mottoes as revealing ?the esteem that the Neapolitan ruling class held for him and for )] TJ ET BT 34.016 401.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(themselves? \(p. 168\). But its precise form, its claims to origins and its material history that inscribed it in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 387.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(real and imagined spatial and temporal webs of relations to other objects and absent bodies are not further )] TJ ET BT 34.016 373.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(investigated. Curiously, the very mobility and connectivity of such artworks that rendered them such )] TJ ET BT 34.016 359.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(eloquent and associative political instruments, is leapfrogged. Similarly, Marino?s interpretation of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 344.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(processions and patron saints as ?part of the normal response to natural disasters and disease? \(p. 83\) renders )] TJ ET BT 34.016 330.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(them already too familiar, too readily inscribed into pre-existing patterns of power arrangements. It is the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 316.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(very strangeness of objects and practices that is too quickly lost.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 290.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Interpretation at times becomes too homogenized: ?the primary goal played for by the nobles at court rituals )] TJ ET BT 34.016 275.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(was to [?] increase their own status and power in the pecking order among their peers? \(p.197\). Patterns of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 261.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(patronage and alliance across and between specific groups and clans and their development over time tend to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 247.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(get lost. Indeed, the desire to produce a coherent narrative might at times profitably have been resisted. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 232.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(?Early modern Neapolitan rituals provide a lens to view how the city represented itself?, he suggests \(p. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 218.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(234\). This supposes that the city was homogenous, coherent and did represent itself. Naples? population was )] TJ ET BT 34.016 204.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of course, richly heterogenous consisting of Spanish, French, English, Ragusans, Florentines, Venetians, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 190.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Lombards, Genoese, Romans, Germans Greek, Netherlanders and Flemings. Recent scholarship has sought )] TJ ET BT 34.016 175.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(urgently to locate Naples in sharper relation to the rest of the Habsburg empire and to global exchange )] TJ ET BT 34.016 161.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(between northern and southern Europe, the eastern Mediterranean, Africa, Asia and beyond. Naples was a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 147.461 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(key site for the inter-relationality of these worlds, a point of intersection and exchange between East, West, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 133.205 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(North and South. The richness of early modern Naples is precisely in its hinge-like character, positioned at )] TJ ET BT 34.016 118.949 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the meeting place and exchange point of real and imagined spatial and political networks ? Naples, Madrid, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 104.693 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Rome, the Holy Land; and the stagings of these relationships in festival apparati, funerary catafalques in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 90.437 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(replicative and transcriptive modes of likeness worked to collapse absence, loss and the past into spatial and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 76.181 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(temporal presence.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 49.925 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Sometimes the lens is too closely held to its subject. Ceremony worked in more than one direction, but we )] TJ ET endstream endobj 22 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 24 0 R ] /Contents 23 0 R >> endobj 23 0 obj << /Length 3739 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(rarely get a glimpse down the other end of the telescope. Thus while parliamentary ceremonial display is )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(here usefully interpreted as part of the playing out of rivalries between baronial clans and the dynamic )] TJ ET BT 34.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(between monarchic centralization and local power, as recent scholarship emphasizes, parliament ? more than )] TJ ET BT 34.016 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(an arena of local factions ? was also part of the theatre of power through which Charles V consolidated the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 739.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Kingdom into the wider empire. One misses here a sense of the difference that Naples made to that wider )] TJ ET BT 34.016 725.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(empire. Likewise, one wants to know to what extent the local nobility bought into Hispanicization--actual or )] TJ ET BT 34.016 710.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(interpretative--of local practices? Does 'nobility' refer only to resident local landed families or does it include )] TJ ET BT 34.016 696.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the various absentee landlords and nobility with vital interests in the city itself, such as the Colonna in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 682.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Rome? How does what occurred in Naples compare with Milan under Spain?)] TJ ET BT 34.016 656.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Marino?s evident passion for facts occasionally displaces analysis. Noting that Suor Giulia lived in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 641.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Franciscan convents, Marino offers the striking statistic that Franciscan convents represented 31 per cent of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 627.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the city?s total convents and 41 per cent of its nuns. But what is one to make of this in relation to Suor )] TJ ET BT 34.016 613.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Giulia? The suggestion that her message coincided with the political and cultural reform programme of the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 599.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Viceroy Count of Lemos and the wider policy of the Duke of Lerma to reinforce royal over ecclesiastical )] TJ ET BT 34.016 584.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(power and an ?increase of the social base of government? \(p. 134\) whets one?s appetite for further )] TJ ET BT 34.016 570.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(interpretation of these relations.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 544.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(There are some minor errors \(?Labore et constantia? ?through work and constancy? on Philip II?s catafalque )] TJ ET BT 34.016 530.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(is deciphered as ?Arbore et constant?, translated as ?A tree and constant?\), but generally the book has been )] TJ ET BT 34.016 515.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(meticulously proof-read and presented. Marino?s laudable engagement with visual sources required the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 501.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(reproduction in his book of important maps, prints and artworks. The Johns Hopkins University Press should )] TJ ET BT 34.016 487.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(surely have risen to printing the images larger and more legibly, so that we could properly appreciate their )] TJ ET BT 34.016 473.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(detail and beauty.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 446.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The author declined to respond.)] TJ ET 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.391 430.111 526.499 1.500 re S BT 34.016 412.331 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Source URL:)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 104.672 412.331 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/review/1202)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 104.672 410.937 m 328.316 410.937 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 385.960 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Links:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 371.560 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([1] http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/item/7859)] TJ ET endstream endobj 24 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 25 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 104.6717 411.2515 328.3157 423.1315 ] >> endobj 25 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/review/1202) >> endobj xref 0 26 0000000000 65535 f 0000000008 00000 n 0000000073 00000 n 0000000119 00000 n 0000000356 00000 n 0000000393 00000 n 0000000571 00000 n 0000000653 00000 n 0000004291 00000 n 0000004400 00000 n 0000004510 00000 n 0000004619 00000 n 0000008180 00000 n 0000008308 00000 n 0000008392 00000 n 0000008457 00000 n 0000015973 00000 n 0000016038 00000 n 0000023634 00000 n 0000023699 00000 n 0000029487 00000 n 0000029552 00000 n 0000037292 00000 n 0000037376 00000 n 0000041168 00000 n 0000041296 00000 n trailer << /Size 26 /Root 1 0 R /Info 5 0 R >> startxref 41392 %%EOF