%PDF-1.3 1 0 obj << /Type /Catalog /Outlines 2 0 R /Pages 3 0 R >> endobj 2 0 obj << /Type /Outlines /Count 0 >> endobj 3 0 obj << /Type /Pages /Kids [6 0 R 14 0 R 22 0 R 30 0 R ] /Count 4 /Resources << /ProcSet 4 0 R /Font << /F1 8 0 R /F2 9 0 R /F3 10 0 R >> /XObject << /I1 11 0 R >> >> /MediaBox [0.000 0.000 595.280 841.890] >> endobj 4 0 obj [/PDF /Text /ImageC ] endobj 5 0 obj << /Creator (DOMPDF) /CreationDate (D:20141218013449+00'00') /ModDate (D:20141218013449+00'00') /Title (The Chanson d'Antioche: An Old French Account of the First Crusade) >> endobj 6 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 12 0 R ] /Contents 7 0 R >> endobj 7 0 obj << /Length 4378 >> stream q 381.750 0 0 120.000 34.016 687.874 cm /I1 Do Q 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Published on )] TJ ET BT 99.356 676.469 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Reviews in History)] TJ ET BT 190.016 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \()] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 197.012 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 197.012 675.075 m 357.332 675.075 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 357.332 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\))] TJ ET 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.391 653.743 526.499 1.500 re S BT 34.016 615.321 Td /F3 18.0 Tf [(The Chanson d'Antioche: An Old French Account of the First )] TJ ET BT 34.016 593.937 Td /F3 18.0 Tf [(Crusade)] TJ ET BT 34.016 251.939 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(In the Middle Ages a series of Old French knightly-spoken poems known as )] TJ ET BT 402.968 251.939 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(chansons de geste)] TJ ET BT 489.620 251.939 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, devoted to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 237.683 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the subject of crusades, took shape in the north of France. In the past few centuries these texts, sometimes )] TJ ET BT 34.016 223.427 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(known collectively as the Old French Crusade Cycle, have been subjected to critical scrutiny by literary )] TJ ET BT 34.016 209.171 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(scholars and philologists, almost all of which has been published in French. However, aside from a few )] TJ ET BT 34.016 194.915 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(notable exceptions, Anglophone historians of the crusades have been notoriously reluctant to engage with )] TJ ET BT 34.016 180.659 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(these texts in their research. There can be little doubt that this disjuncture between historical and literary )] TJ ET BT 34.016 166.403 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(scholarship in modern work on the crusades exists in large part because of the considerable linguistic )] TJ ET BT 34.016 152.147 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(challenges posed by Old French. The publication of Susan Edgington and Carol Sweetenham?s English )] TJ ET BT 34.016 137.891 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(translation of the )] TJ ET BT 118.340 137.891 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Chanson d?Antioche)] TJ ET BT 218.672 137.891 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, the earliest and by far the most well-known )] TJ ET BT 435.968 137.891 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(chanson de geste)] TJ ET BT 517.952 137.891 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( of the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 123.635 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Crusade Cycle, will begin the process of redefining the boundaries of modern scholarship on the crusades.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 97.379 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Before discussing the actual translation itself, it is worth noting that the authors include in this volume a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 83.123 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(comprehensive 97-page critical introduction to the text that not only sets it in the context of the Crusade )] TJ ET BT 34.016 68.867 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Cycle as a whole, but locates it within the wider milieu of the )] TJ ET BT 331.988 68.867 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(chansons de geste)] TJ ET BT 418.640 68.867 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(. In fact, this introduction )] TJ ET BT 34.016 54.611 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(represents the most extended critical appraisal of the Crusade Cycle yet carried out in English, and as such, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 563.315 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Review Number:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 549.059 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(1203)] TJ ET BT 34.016 534.803 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publish date:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 520.547 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Wednesday, 1 February, 2012)] TJ ET BT 34.016 506.291 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Editor:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 492.035 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Susan Edgington)] TJ ET BT 34.016 477.779 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Carol Sweetenham)] TJ ET BT 34.016 463.523 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(ISBN:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 449.267 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(9780754654896)] TJ ET BT 34.016 435.011 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Date of Publication:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 420.755 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(2011)] TJ ET BT 34.016 406.499 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Price:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 392.243 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(70.00)] TJ ET BT 34.016 377.987 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Pages:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 363.731 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(448pp.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 349.475 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publisher:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 335.219 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Ashgate)] TJ ET BT 34.016 320.963 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Place of Publication:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 306.707 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Farnham)] TJ ET BT 34.016 292.451 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Reviewer:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 278.195 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Simon John)] TJ ET endstream endobj 8 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F1 /BaseFont /Times-Roman /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 9 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F2 /BaseFont /Times-Italic /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 10 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F3 /BaseFont /Times-Bold /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 11 0 obj << /Type /XObject /Subtype /Image /Width 509 /Height 160 /Filter /FlateDecode /DecodeParms << /Predictor 15 /Colors 3 /Columns 509 /BitsPerComponent 8>> /Mask [ 255 255 255 255 255 255 ] /ColorSpace /DeviceRGB /BitsPerComponent 8 /Length 3280>> stream x[EQ㎦fVttҒ +3O{?lGDQԯDrB^.ϯ%~'0۠/2>0AG_>0j0GCfE67>rB^}@  !&y+r?INp:erc b8f=rQC!~-Wf^^zF[)G 2ޯe7V_Go3Ke GEGOo8rώ#\1ZY~N6^H}yLxS-!:412V+u\-LSO?xVvZ|GjǮT_8EYJF=Tw^ 7GxfN/S:Ʌ~ʟtt?5n÷J'JcF-GVξx{rO~tJd;#a\7}|~y'>}c2C vR}f׈**h.)_&@pfzjsx:5;S\vKhM5j=!Cn+h"u]a EUN]jn=k<,:Ք>sU!ni~6EJ)¦72?G}[y}_vc$t?iSܟ2Zݞ,VN?_`='RFK1A2qv&X_lLRWY'%:I㢖zb_UEx\>&ɆBˏ~K@ \gYØU4}$8Dv!'Q'*+Εj(UCGo[#< 2Ja(sZi9fZKE Rn`u\9r^Zmɯ׹}mstO4uc~#'jEvۼ Dx[z ޏQ4KL5,5u3>i^uÒ-53ba ~,~/pyt1fMU'CVm:qv~=Y'Es"WsφG?l_kN5}],Ow7 uh`xƫ?zMl7ٻv$A(4Dl(wwH} ?=[=S;yC]^BK>㕪9`Z'Wj;E|:bf>kCԘ#RY,iv쵗~}n'"1u" *uO΄/2^Sxr(!/DD\~mJyZ!MmrA!#u[if|99WB WΡpp}w}sh#,\ &:%˳X?D3 %W0cC?o̲^} F3XLVn]Cߖiϧ!7}yZJ#P7]=)7Ρp;>> Ye^xx{Oafw{ ;>4gfLt ʊ:q%#r/)pv!O4wGh|dS ӣݽހ-gVUC'pBxrB^} 7JA^} /'8!`:r?}}],X  }6y!`/~Br?}Q< >k7vx"] ,' .3jn{-i}|~%-};b6#U)7繎kiEw 㤳:E}[޼c"rꬊ7Dc$~"/Y&zSd:tFȌCrʙ`7u .#[-<)j ?TGS(j~oTup(hjU4PlJ=}|it.ҽ@\wʨuXÞZcx18Wo<~ikOg,ވ\^?EneyZcc0[R١z|zv7_m:_n]a?osS3~j^ hD.a_X'KfBX6w wݶ"Oa:,bvhrWH[uCF-Xfc}>x+Rz)2N-B 7y^٨;[/vg? | |2Sve}=o䑰j[vWjF0{굦?VI~}xM(_TlG__+]:#к?S} c>GŸD7 !w{S{B =x7a?oE#)+Gz:o_4Q<;n?\tt7?mGCџQGu4kņOF>F?#} hP&ђߴM#u!.СtL2^#o nIk_i.~7tr@n 1P~3?.[]=S5b߮~Yo^HFH YBi8a4iom>CKgMy*;?zqEӕ` >zB9iFzC?XF?ޟIܰ펉A}{I5ᄊx%ez#Mp@rߎpi]IOVjzuJt\۰f׺u5><,J~PTJp1)}){9N {!`/> endstream endobj 12 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 13 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 197.0117 675.3895 357.3317 687.2695 ] >> endobj 13 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews) >> endobj 14 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 17 0 R 20 0 R ] /Contents 15 0 R >> endobj 15 0 obj << /Length 5774 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(is an important contribution to scholarship in itself. The narrative of the )] TJ ET BT 380.984 796.469 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Antioche)] TJ ET BT 423.644 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( commences with the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(departure of the first contingents of crusaders for the Holy Land, which historically took place in around the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(spring of 1096. The greater part of the narrative is devoted to the First Crusaders? siege of Antioch, which )] TJ ET BT 34.016 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(began on 20 October 1097 and lasted until 28 June 1098. Even the most cursory reading of the text can )] TJ ET BT 34.016 739.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(support no other conclusion that it is highly romanticised: invented, exaggerated and distorted events and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 725.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(personalities intermingle with recognised history throughout.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 698.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(As any scholar who has dealt with the)] TJ ET BT 216.320 698.933 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [( Chanson d?Antioche)] TJ ET BT 319.652 698.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( even in passing will know, this text is subtended )] TJ ET BT 34.016 684.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(by extraordinarily complex historiographical traditions. Edgington and Sweetenham use their introduction to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 670.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(tackle this tradition in considerable detail \(pp. 3?48\). At some point between 1180 and 1200, the )] TJ ET BT 499.628 670.421 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Antioche)] TJ ET BT 542.288 670.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 656.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(which had previously only existed in spoken form, was amalgamated along with the)] TJ ET BT 437.636 656.165 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [( Chanson des Chtifs )] TJ ET BT 34.016 641.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and the )] TJ ET BT 72.008 641.909 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Chanson de Jrusalem)] TJ ET BT 181.328 641.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( into a unified trilogy of epic songs pertaining to the First Crusade. The )] TJ ET BT 34.016 627.653 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Jrusalem)] TJ ET BT 83.336 627.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( picks up the story of the First Crusade where the )] TJ ET BT 322.304 627.653 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Antioche)] TJ ET BT 364.964 627.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( ceases, with )] TJ ET BT 428.948 627.653 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Les Chtifs)] TJ ET BT 482.624 627.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( acting as a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 613.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(kind of romantic interlude in between. While a number of previous scholars dated the execution of this )] TJ ET BT 34.016 599.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(trilogy to the period around 1180, Edgington and Sweetenham set out a compelling argument that it actually )] TJ ET BT 34.016 584.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(dates from the early 13th century, perhaps the time of the Fourth Crusade. They assert that the exploits of the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 570.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(St-Pols feature strongly in the extant text perhaps because their descendents played some role in its )] TJ ET BT 34.016 556.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(production in the period around 1200 \(pp. 20?4\). However, there can be no definitive conclusions on the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 542.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(dating of the text. As Edgington and Sweetenham note, this trilogy of )] TJ ET BT 370.664 542.117 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(chansons de geste)] TJ ET BT 457.316 542.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( formed the basis of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 527.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the Crusade Cycle, with additional songs being added to it throughout the 13th century.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 501.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The )] TJ ET BT 55.676 501.605 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Antioche)] TJ ET BT 98.336 501.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( survive in nine manuscripts, no two of which are identical. Edgington and Sweetenham )] TJ ET BT 34.016 487.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(provide a helpful list and description of these manuscripts, pointing out some of the major differences )] TJ ET BT 34.016 473.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(between them \(pp. 36?9\). In 2003 Janet Nelson published an edition of this song as part of the monumental )] TJ ET BT 34.016 458.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(University of Alabama )] TJ ET BT 146.996 458.837 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Old French Crusade Cycle)] TJ ET BT 276.644 458.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( series.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 309.968 458.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(1\))] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 309.968 457.443 m 323.960 457.443 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 323.960 458.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( However, scholars generally prefer Suzanne )] TJ ET BT 34.016 444.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Duparc-Quioc?s earlier two-volume edition of 1977?8. Unlike Nelson, Duparc-Quioc based her edition on )] TJ ET BT 34.016 430.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(what is thought to be the earliest manuscript.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 249.332 430.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(2\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 249.332 428.931 m 263.324 428.931 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 263.324 430.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( In this edition the song comprises 9,582 lines structured into )] TJ ET BT 34.016 416.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(374 )] TJ ET BT 55.016 416.069 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(laisses)] TJ ET BT 87.020 416.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(verses of varying length\). Edgington and Sweetenham have based their translation primarily on )] TJ ET BT 34.016 401.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Duparc-Quioc?s edition, though very usefully they include an appendix of translations of passages which )] TJ ET BT 34.016 387.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(appear only in the Nelson edition. These passages are clearly labelled and notated, which should allow those )] TJ ET BT 34.016 373.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(scholars who wish to deal with the Old French to navigate easily between the two editions.)] TJ ET endstream endobj 16 0 obj [14 0 R /Fit] endobj 17 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 18 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 309.9677 457.7575 323.9597 469.6375 ] >> endobj 18 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 19 0 obj [14 0 R /Fit] endobj 20 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 21 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 249.3317 429.2455 263.3237 441.1255 ] >> endobj 21 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 22 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 25 0 R 28 0 R ] /Contents 23 0 R >> endobj 23 0 obj << /Length 9535 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 784.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Edgington and Sweetenham do not shy away from addressing by far the most contentious subject in the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 770.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(historiography that surrounds the )] TJ ET BT 196.004 770.213 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Chanson d?Antioche)] TJ ET BT 296.336 770.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(: its authorship. The reworking of the )] TJ ET BT 478.316 770.213 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Antioche)] TJ ET BT 520.976 770.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, )] TJ ET BT 526.976 770.213 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Chtifs)] TJ ET BT 34.016 755.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and )] TJ ET BT 54.344 755.957 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Jrusalem)] TJ ET BT 103.664 755.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( in the period between about 1180?1200 is traditionally and fairly securely ascribed to a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 741.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(certain Graindor of Douai. Graindor is mentioned explicitly in a number of the manuscripts, generally in a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 727.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(context that affirms that he played a key role in their production, if not as the author, then perhaps as their )] TJ ET BT 34.016 713.189 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(remanieur)] TJ ET BT 84.008 713.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( or ?reworker?. The subject of the authorship of the original spoken version of the )] TJ ET BT 479.924 713.189 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Chanson )] TJ ET BT 34.016 698.933 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(d?Antioche)] TJ ET BT 88.676 698.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, however, is one of the most hotly-debated questions of medieval scholarship. The French )] TJ ET BT 34.016 684.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(scholars who first began to look at the )] TJ ET BT 219.992 684.677 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Antioche)] TJ ET BT 262.652 684.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( in the 19th century found particular significance in a remark )] TJ ET BT 34.016 670.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(made towards the end of the song, wherein the narrator lists a number of Muslim lords who fought in one of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 656.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the battles of the First Crusade, before stating that ?the author of the song ? Richard the Pilgrim, from whom )] TJ ET BT 34.016 641.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(we have it ? knew the names very well? \(p. 312\). While this Richard is mentioned nowhere else in the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 627.653 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Antioche)] TJ ET BT 76.676 627.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, in the 150 years since the publication of the first critical edition of this text, his name has )] TJ ET BT 34.016 613.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(nonetheless come to dominate critical understanding of it. A number of 19th- and early 20th-century French )] TJ ET BT 34.016 599.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(scholars asserted on the basis of this single passage that Richard the Pilgrim must have been a participant of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 584.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the First Crusade. The corollary to this line of thinking was that the )] TJ ET BT 359.996 584.885 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Antioche)] TJ ET BT 402.656 584.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( was therefore to be regarded as )] TJ ET BT 34.016 570.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the most important eyewitness account of the expedition, since it was a vernacular text written by a ?man of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 556.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the people?. A series of scholars and authors have contributed to the rich traditions surrounding Richard the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 542.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Pilgrim by offering their own opinions on what who Richard was and why he wrote his )] TJ ET BT 455.972 542.117 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(chanson)] TJ ET BT 495.968 542.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, basing )] TJ ET BT 34.016 527.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(their argumentation only on evidence internal to the text. Edgington and Sweetenham sketch out path )] TJ ET BT 34.016 513.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(through this complex strand of historiography \(pp. 49?56\), noting that Richard?s name has become the basis )] TJ ET BT 34.016 499.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of ?vast and tottering edifices of speculation? \(p. 312, note 531\).)] TJ ET BT 34.016 473.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(On the subject of Richard the Pilgrim, Edgington and Sweetenham adhere to the arguments put forward in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 458.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Robert Francis Cook?s key 1980 study of the )] TJ ET BT 254.000 458.837 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Antioche)] TJ ET BT 296.660 458.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 299.660 458.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(3\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 299.660 457.443 m 313.652 457.443 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 313.652 458.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( Cook?s study did not so much as demolish the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 444.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(evidence for the existence of Richard the Pilgrim \(and therefore call into question the attendant )] TJ ET BT 34.016 430.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(historiography which surrounds him\), as it did to show that in fact there simply is no credible evidence for )] TJ ET BT 34.016 416.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(his existence )] TJ ET BT 98.672 416.069 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(to be)] TJ ET BT 122.336 416.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( demolished in the first place. As Edgington and Sweetenham note, it was fairly standard )] TJ ET BT 34.016 401.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(practise for authors of romantic texts to assert the authenticity of their work on the basis that it had drawn )] TJ ET BT 34.016 387.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(from an earlier unverifiable source. The )] TJ ET BT 228.284 387.557 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Chanson de Roland)] TJ ET BT 322.952 387.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, the most famous of all )] TJ ET BT 439.280 387.557 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(chansons de geste)] TJ ET BT 525.932 387.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 373.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(includes a comment that it was based on an earlier text written by a certain Turold, who is otherwise )] TJ ET BT 34.016 359.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(unknown \(pp. 4?5\). Edgington and Sweetenham draw on a considerable knowledge of the conventions of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 344.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(medieval literature to make the forceful case that Richard the Pilgrim was probably invented to manufacture )] TJ ET BT 34.016 330.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(authenticity. It will be interesting to see what response is made by French scholars, who are traditionally )] TJ ET BT 34.016 316.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(rather protective of the )] TJ ET BT 146.648 316.277 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Antioche)] TJ ET BT 189.308 316.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, seeing it as an early example of their nation?s literature.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 463.916 316.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(4\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 463.916 314.883 m 477.908 314.883 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 290.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The crux of Edgington and Sweetenham?s critical interpretation of the )] TJ ET BT 375.284 290.021 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Antioche)] TJ ET BT 417.944 290.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( is that rather than speculate )] TJ ET BT 34.016 275.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(on what form the song took before it reached Graindor of Douai, modern scholars should instead concentrate )] TJ ET BT 34.016 261.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(on critically examining the text that survives. Scholars who subscribe to the theory that the )] TJ ET BT 472.640 261.509 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Antioche)] TJ ET BT 515.300 261.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( was )] TJ ET BT 34.016 247.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(originally composed by Richard the Pilgrim hold that it can be used to help establish what actually happened )] TJ ET BT 34.016 232.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(on the First Crusade. By exorcising the ghost of Richard the Pilgrim, Edgington and Sweetenham discount )] TJ ET BT 34.016 218.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(this approach toward the text. They note that the text ?is at best of limited historical value as evidence for )] TJ ET BT 34.016 204.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(any aspect of the First Crusade? \(p. 49\). What they do show, though, is that the )] TJ ET BT 416.636 204.485 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Antioche)] TJ ET BT 459.296 204.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( can ? and should ? )] TJ ET BT 34.016 190.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(be used to show how the history of the First Crusade was popularly understood in the late 12th and early )] TJ ET BT 34.016 175.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(13th centuries. To propound their argument, they devote a great deal of their critical introduction to setting )] TJ ET BT 34.016 161.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the text within its context of contemporary literature, examining its style, form, content and ethos. Their )] TJ ET BT 34.016 147.461 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(conclusion is that this text can be shown to conform first and foremost to the conventions of the )] TJ ET BT 496.640 147.461 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(chansons de )] TJ ET BT 34.016 133.205 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(geste)] TJ ET BT 58.676 133.205 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 106.949 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Of course, the chief purpose of this volume is to provide a translation of the )] TJ ET BT 400.628 106.949 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Chanson d?Antioche)] TJ ET BT 500.960 106.949 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, and in this )] TJ ET BT 34.016 92.693 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(regard it can be considered as a resounding success. The translation itself is lucid and engaging, rendering a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 78.437 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(number of difficult Old French passages into readable English. Comprehensive critical notes accompany )] TJ ET BT 34.016 64.181 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(both the introduction and translation, meaning that scholars will be able to follow up any points of interest )] TJ ET BT 34.016 49.925 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(via the secondary literature. Of particular interest to scholars will be the cross-references to other texts, )] TJ ET endstream endobj 24 0 obj [22 0 R /Fit] endobj 25 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 26 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 299.6597 457.7575 313.6517 469.6375 ] >> endobj 26 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 27 0 obj [22 0 R /Fit] endobj 28 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 29 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 463.9157 315.1975 477.9077 327.0775 ] >> endobj 29 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 30 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 32 0 R 34 0 R 36 0 R 38 0 R 40 0 R ] /Contents 31 0 R >> endobj 31 0 obj << /Length 5728 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(especially the details that the )] TJ ET BT 175.664 796.469 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Chanson d?Antioche)] TJ ET BT 275.996 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( shares with the prose Latin accounts of the First Crusade. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Further investigation of these links will serve to enhance our understanding of how the )] TJ ET BT 453.296 782.213 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Antioche)] TJ ET BT 495.956 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( relates to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(other texts of the period. On the other hand, scholars who are new to the text and more generally to the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 753.701 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(chansons de geste)] TJ ET BT 120.668 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( may find the sheer scope of the introduction somewhat overwhelming. The translators, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 739.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(though, have accounted for this by dividing it into clearly labelled chapters and subchapters, thereby )] TJ ET BT 34.016 725.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(enabling readers to move fairly easily between the different sections as required. Scholars who wish to deal )] TJ ET BT 34.016 710.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(with the manuscripts may want to know that the manuscript referred to here as British Museum Add. 36615 )] TJ ET BT 34.016 696.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(is now held in the British Library, and its current classmark reflects this. However, that these minor points )] TJ ET BT 34.016 682.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(are the only notes of criticism to be offered here goes someway towards illustrating just how praiseworthy )] TJ ET BT 34.016 668.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(this volume is.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 641.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(In conclusion then, this volume is a landmark piece of scholarship not only in the field of the crusades but )] TJ ET BT 34.016 627.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(more widely in medieval history. The )] TJ ET BT 217.664 627.653 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Chanson d?Antioche)] TJ ET BT 317.996 627.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( is one of the most important texts in crusade )] TJ ET BT 34.016 613.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(history, and a significant example of medieval vernacular literature in its own right. The publication of this )] TJ ET BT 34.016 599.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(translation will make the )] TJ ET BT 156.008 599.141 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Antioche)] TJ ET BT 198.668 599.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( accessible to a large number of scholars across a range of disciplines. The )] TJ ET BT 34.016 584.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(most significant outcome of its publication, though, will be to habilitate a text usually classified as ?literary? )] TJ ET BT 34.016 570.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(into historical scholarship on the crusades. It is not difficult to imagine this volume being profitably used )] TJ ET BT 34.016 556.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(either by undergraduates or by established academics. As this translation of the )] TJ ET BT 416.948 556.373 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Chanson d?Antioche)] TJ ET BT 517.280 556.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( is )] TJ ET BT 34.016 542.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(incorporated into critical studies in the coming years, our understanding of the crusades will be gradually )] TJ ET BT 34.016 527.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(enhanced.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 492.963 Td /F3 18.0 Tf [(Notes)] TJ ET BT 48.816 462.346 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(1.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 462.341 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(La Chanson d?Antioche)] TJ ET BT 180.020 462.341 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, ed. Janet A. Nelson \(Tucsaloosa, AL, 2003\).)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 399.644 462.341 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(1\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 399.644 460.947 m 453.632 460.947 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 48.816 448.090 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(2.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 448.085 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(La Chanson d?Antioche)] TJ ET BT 180.020 448.085 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, ed. Suzanne Duparc-Quioc, \(2 vols, Paris, 1977?8\).)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 432.968 448.085 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(2\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 432.968 446.691 m 486.956 446.691 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 48.816 433.834 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(3.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 433.829 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Robert Francis Cook,)] TJ ET BT 167.012 433.829 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [( Chanson d'Antioche, Chanson De Geste: Le Cycle de la Croisade Est-Il Epique?)] TJ ET BT 64.016 419.573 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(Amsterdam, 1980\).)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 161.000 419.573 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(3\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 161.000 418.179 m 214.988 418.179 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 48.816 405.322 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(4.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 405.317 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(This is a matter which has been addressed in Sarah B. Buchanan, ?A nascent national identity in )] TJ ET BT 64.016 391.061 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(La Chanson d?Antioche)] TJ ET BT 180.020 391.061 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(?, )] TJ ET BT 191.348 391.061 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The French Review)] TJ ET BT 284.660 391.061 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, 76 \(2003\), 918?32.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 381.980 391.061 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(4\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 381.980 389.667 m 435.968 389.667 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 364.805 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The editors would like to thank the reviewer for his thorough and thoughtful reading.)] TJ ET 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.391 348.079 526.499 1.500 re S BT 34.016 330.299 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Source URL:)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 104.672 330.299 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/review/1203)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 104.672 328.905 m 328.316 328.905 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 303.928 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Links:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 289.528 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([1] http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/item/7860)] TJ ET endstream endobj 32 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 33 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 399.6437 461.2615 453.6317 473.1415 ] >> endobj 33 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /GoTo /D 16 0 R >> endobj 34 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 35 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 432.9677 447.0055 486.9557 458.8855 ] >> endobj 35 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /GoTo /D 19 0 R >> endobj 36 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 37 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 160.9997 418.4935 214.9877 430.3735 ] >> endobj 37 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /GoTo /D 24 0 R >> endobj 38 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 39 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 381.9797 389.9815 435.9677 401.8615 ] >> endobj 39 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /GoTo /D 27 0 R >> endobj 40 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 41 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 104.6717 329.2195 328.3157 341.0995 ] >> endobj 41 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/review/1203) >> endobj xref 0 42 0000000000 65535 f 0000000008 00000 n 0000000073 00000 n 0000000119 00000 n 0000000342 00000 n 0000000379 00000 n 0000000569 00000 n 0000000651 00000 n 0000005081 00000 n 0000005190 00000 n 0000005300 00000 n 0000005409 00000 n 0000008970 00000 n 0000009098 00000 n 0000009182 00000 n 0000009273 00000 n 0000015100 00000 n 0000015130 00000 n 0000015258 00000 n 0000015294 00000 n 0000015324 00000 n 0000015452 00000 n 0000015488 00000 n 0000015579 00000 n 0000025167 00000 n 0000025197 00000 n 0000025325 00000 n 0000025361 00000 n 0000025391 00000 n 0000025519 00000 n 0000025555 00000 n 0000025667 00000 n 0000031448 00000 n 0000031576 00000 n 0000031631 00000 n 0000031759 00000 n 0000031814 00000 n 0000031942 00000 n 0000031997 00000 n 0000032125 00000 n 0000032180 00000 n 0000032308 00000 n trailer << /Size 42 /Root 1 0 R /Info 5 0 R >> startxref 32404 %%EOF