%PDF-1.3 1 0 obj << /Type /Catalog /Outlines 2 0 R /Pages 3 0 R >> endobj 2 0 obj << /Type /Outlines /Count 0 >> endobj 3 0 obj << /Type /Pages /Kids [6 0 R 17 0 R 22 0 R 24 0 R ] /Count 4 /Resources << /ProcSet 4 0 R /Font << /F1 8 0 R /F2 9 0 R /F3 10 0 R >> /XObject << /I1 11 0 R >> >> /MediaBox [0.000 0.000 595.280 841.890] >> endobj 4 0 obj [/PDF /Text /ImageC ] endobj 5 0 obj << /Creator (DOMPDF) /CreationDate (D:20140730092534+01'00') /ModDate (D:20140730092534+01'00') /Title (Oceania Under Steam: Sea Transport and the Cultures of Colonialism, c.1870?1914) >> endobj 6 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 12 0 R 15 0 R ] /Contents 7 0 R >> endobj 7 0 obj << /Length 4378 >> stream q 381.750 0 0 120.000 34.016 687.874 cm /I1 Do Q 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Published on )] TJ ET BT 99.356 676.469 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Reviews in History)] TJ ET BT 190.016 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \()] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 197.012 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 197.012 675.075 m 357.332 675.075 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 357.332 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\))] TJ ET 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.391 653.743 526.499 1.500 re S BT 34.016 615.321 Td /F3 18.0 Tf [(Oceania Under Steam: Sea Transport and the Cultures of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 593.937 Td /F3 18.0 Tf [(Colonialism, c.1870?1914)] TJ ET BT 34.016 266.195 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(In )] TJ ET BT 47.012 266.195 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Ocean Under Steam )] TJ ET BT 147.320 266.195 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Frances Steel explores the impact of the 19th-century sea transport revolution in one )] TJ ET BT 34.016 251.939 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of the extremities of the British Empire, the South Pacific Ocean. Published as part of the Manchester )] TJ ET BT 34.016 237.683 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(University Press ?Studies in Imperialism? series, under the general editorship of John MacKenzie, this is a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 223.427 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(self-consciously ?de-centred? imperial history. It seeks to challenge the traditional emphasis on radiating )] TJ ET BT 34.016 209.171 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(connections between metropole and periphery, focusing instead on regional or intercolonial ?sub-)] TJ ET BT 34.016 194.915 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(imperialisms?, the complex webs of economic, social and cultural networks that developed in various parts )] TJ ET BT 34.016 180.659 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of the world. Here the Southwestern Pacific, or Oceania, is presented as a transcolonial maritime space in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 166.403 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(which colonial steamship companies ? notably the Union Steam Ship Company of New Zealand, the largest )] TJ ET BT 34.016 152.147 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and most significant regional maritime enterprise ? and Australian, New Zealand, and Pacific Island ports )] TJ ET BT 34.016 137.891 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(played key roles as sub-metropolitan sites of empire.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 111.635 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Compared to the Atlantic or Indian Ocean worlds, the scholarship of empire and sea in the Pacific, especially )] TJ ET BT 34.016 97.379 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(in the age of steam, is distinctly underdeveloped. As Epeli Hau?ofa has argued, outsider academics and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 83.123 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(writers have too often marginalised or belittled these scattered ?islands in a far sea?, emphasising their )] TJ ET BT 34.016 68.867 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(isolation, fragility and tiny size, and framing the vast ocean as a barrier.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 378.284 68.867 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(1\))] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 378.284 67.473 m 392.276 67.473 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 392.276 68.867 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( This dominant Western view was )] TJ ET BT 34.016 54.611 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(reinforced by imperial partition, which reordered the Pacific seascape and often ignored longstanding )] TJ ET BT 34.016 563.315 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Review Number:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 549.059 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(1206)] TJ ET BT 34.016 534.803 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publish date:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 520.547 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Wednesday, 1 February, 2012)] TJ ET BT 34.016 506.291 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Author:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 492.035 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Frances Steel)] TJ ET BT 34.016 477.779 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(ISBN:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 463.523 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(9780719082900)] TJ ET BT 34.016 449.267 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Date of Publication:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 435.011 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(2011)] TJ ET BT 34.016 420.755 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Price:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 406.499 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(60.00)] TJ ET BT 34.016 392.243 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Pages:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 377.987 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(256pp.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 363.731 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publisher:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 349.475 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Manchester University Press)] TJ ET BT 34.016 335.219 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Place of Publication:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 320.963 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Manchester)] TJ ET BT 34.016 306.707 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Reviewer:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 292.451 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Neill Atkinson)] TJ ET endstream endobj 8 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F1 /BaseFont /Times-Roman /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 9 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F2 /BaseFont /Times-Italic /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 10 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F3 /BaseFont /Times-Bold /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 11 0 obj << /Type /XObject /Subtype /Image /Width 509 /Height 160 /Filter /FlateDecode /DecodeParms << /Predictor 15 /Colors 3 /Columns 509 /BitsPerComponent 8>> /Mask [ 255 255 255 255 255 255 ] /ColorSpace /DeviceRGB /BitsPerComponent 8 /Length 3280>> stream x[EQ㎦fVttҒ +3O{?lGDQԯDrB^.ϯ%~'0۠/2>0AG_>0j0GCfE67>rB^}@  !&y+r?INp:erc b8f=rQC!~-Wf^^zF[)G 2ޯe7V_Go3Ke GEGOo8rώ#\1ZY~N6^H}yLxS-!:412V+u\-LSO?xVvZ|GjǮT_8EYJF=Tw^ 7GxfN/S:Ʌ~ʟtt?5n÷J'JcF-GVξx{rO~tJd;#a\7}|~y'>}c2C vR}f׈**h.)_&@pfzjsx:5;S\vKhM5j=!Cn+h"u]a EUN]jn=k<,:Ք>sU!ni~6EJ)¦72?G}[y}_vc$t?iSܟ2Zݞ,VN?_`='RFK1A2qv&X_lLRWY'%:I㢖zb_UEx\>&ɆBˏ~K@ \gYØU4}$8Dv!'Q'*+Εj(UCGo[#< 2Ja(sZi9fZKE Rn`u\9r^Zmɯ׹}mstO4uc~#'jEvۼ Dx[z ޏQ4KL5,5u3>i^uÒ-53ba ~,~/pyt1fMU'CVm:qv~=Y'Es"WsφG?l_kN5}],Ow7 uh`xƫ?zMl7ٻv$A(4Dl(wwH} ?=[=S;yC]^BK>㕪9`Z'Wj;E|:bf>kCԘ#RY,iv쵗~}n'"1u" *uO΄/2^Sxr(!/DD\~mJyZ!MmrA!#u[if|99WB WΡpp}w}sh#,\ &:%˳X?D3 %W0cC?o̲^} F3XLVn]Cߖiϧ!7}yZJ#P7]=)7Ρp;>> Ye^xx{Oafw{ ;>4gfLt ʊ:q%#r/)pv!O4wGh|dS ӣݽހ-gVUC'pBxrB^} 7JA^} /'8!`:r?}}],X  }6y!`/~Br?}Q< >k7vx"] ,' .3jn{-i}|~%-};b6#U)7繎kiEw 㤳:E}[޼c"rꬊ7Dc$~"/Y&zSd:tFȌCrʙ`7u .#[-<)j ?TGS(j~oTup(hjU4PlJ=}|it.ҽ@\wʨuXÞZcx18Wo<~ikOg,ވ\^?EneyZcc0[R١z|zv7_m:_n]a?osS3~j^ hD.a_X'KfBX6w wݶ"Oa:,bvhrWH[uCF-Xfc}>x+Rz)2N-B 7y^٨;[/vg? | |2Sve}=o䑰j[vWjF0{굦?VI~}xM(_TlG__+]:#к?S} c>GŸD7 !w{S{B =x7a?oE#)+Gz:o_4Q<;n?\tt7?mGCџQGu4kņOF>F?#} hP&ђߴM#u!.СtL2^#o nIk_i.~7tr@n 1P~3?.[]=S5b߮~Yo^HFH YBi8a4iom>CKgMy*;?zqEӕ` >zB9iFzC?XF?ޟIܰ펉A}{I5ᄊx%ez#Mp@rߎpi]IOVjzuJt\۰f׺u5><,J~PTJp1)}){9N {!`/> endstream endobj 12 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 13 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 197.0117 675.3895 357.3317 687.2695 ] >> endobj 13 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews) >> endobj 14 0 obj [6 0 R /Fit] endobj 15 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 16 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 378.2837 67.7875 392.2757 79.6675 ] >> endobj 16 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 17 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 20 0 R ] /Contents 18 0 R >> endobj 18 0 obj << /Length 7877 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(maritime connections and exchanges between island societies. The majority of earlier works, both academic )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and popular, that have explored the history of empire and the Pacific have tended to focus on the epic era of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(European exploration and contact \(with Cook?s voyages retaining a particular fascination\), early maritime )] TJ ET BT 34.016 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(industries \(such as whaling\) or on the high politics of imperial rivalry, including, in New Zealand?s case, its )] TJ ET BT 34.016 739.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(own colonial ambitions to become the Britain of the South. Even James Belich, who placed a welcome )] TJ ET BT 34.016 725.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(emphasis on the importance of the maritime dimension to New Zealand?s history, privileged the ?giant meat )] TJ ET BT 34.016 710.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(ships? that connected the Dominion with Britain, tightening the vertical or bilateral links between the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 696.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(metropole and its far-flung periphery. Viewed in this way, the Pacific has often been reduced to an obstacle, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 682.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(a ?mere space? to be conquered or eradicated by modern maritime technology.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 656.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(New Zealand maritime historians, meanwhile, have produced a valuable body of work, one notable example )] TJ ET BT 34.016 641.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(being Gavin McLean?s lively account of the early years of the Union SS Co., )] TJ ET BT 408.620 641.909 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The)] TJ ET BT 429.620 641.909 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Southern Octopus)] TJ ET BT 515.948 641.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 518.948 641.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(2\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 518.948 640.515 m 532.940 640.515 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 532.940 641.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( But )] TJ ET BT 34.016 627.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(this field too has been dominated by business histories of shipping companies, their ?glamour ships? and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 613.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(dramatic events such as shipwrecks, rather than the social and cultural relations of the maritime world.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 587.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(While acknowledging the value of this work, and the significance of the global shipping arteries that linked )] TJ ET BT 34.016 572.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Australasia with Europe, Steel takes a different tack, broadening the frame of reference and posing questions )] TJ ET BT 34.016 558.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(about issues of race, gender and colonialism. Focusing on the regional maritime connections within Oceania, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 544.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and in particular on New Zealand?s Union SS Co. and the Fijian port of Suva, she attempts to animate the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 530.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(?rigid black steamer lines mapped out in the company chart of routes? \(p. 152\), connecting the politics and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 515.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(economics of shipping with the more intimate worlds of shipboard and port life, and recovering the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 501.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(experiences of common seamen, stewardesses and Islander wharf labourers. By placing human stories at the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 487.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(centre of this story, the micro-geographies of ships and ports emerge as important sites of social and cultural, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 473.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(as well as commercial, exchange, offering new insights into everyday colonial life in the South Pacific.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 446.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(This is an admirable aim, but achieving it is far from easy. Few working people or steamship passengers left )] TJ ET BT 34.016 432.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(many traces of their lives and travels. The evidence that survives is often filtered through the views of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 418.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(European and/or elite writers, or can only be pieced together from fleeting references in government, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 404.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(company and trade union archives. The archival challenges of silence, exclusion and fragmentation are )] TJ ET BT 34.016 389.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(always present for historians, but are even more acute when dealing with the floating world of maritime )] TJ ET BT 34.016 375.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(labour and indigenous engagement with it. Given such limitations, Steel is to be commended for the way she )] TJ ET BT 34.016 361.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(has weaved together a range of diverse and often fragmentary sources, skillfully drawing the reader in by )] TJ ET BT 34.016 347.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(starting each chapter with an engaging personal story or event that in some way illustrates the larger themes )] TJ ET BT 34.016 332.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(that follow.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 306.533 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Oceania Under Steam)] TJ ET BT 140.660 306.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( explores regional shipping connections and cultures across the five decades from the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 292.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(1870s, when routine steamship operations began and regional trading relationships were consolidated, until )] TJ ET BT 34.016 278.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the First World War. The book is organised in three parts, grouped under the headings ?Afloat?, ?Aboard? )] TJ ET BT 34.016 263.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and ?Abroad?. Each part seeks to engage with the stories of steam from a different angle of enquiry. The two )] TJ ET BT 34.016 249.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(chapters in part one set the economic and political context of Pacific steam shipping, charting the rise of the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 235.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Union SS Co., teasing out the overlapping and sometimes conflicting maritime agendas of imperial )] TJ ET BT 34.016 220.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(authorities and Australasian political leaders, and exploring the cultural and symbolic power of the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 206.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(steamship. The three chapters that comprise part two seek to bring the story down to a more intimate, human )] TJ ET BT 34.016 192.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(scale, exploring the rhythms and patterns of working life at sea. Chapter three offers a nuanced account of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 178.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(?crew culture? during the transition from sail to steam, as technology, managerial capitalism and the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 163.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(concerns of social reformers and unions helped to reshape seafarers? work, skill and status. The following )] TJ ET BT 34.016 149.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(two chapters focus explicitly on issues of race and gender. In chapter four Steel skilfully examines the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 135.461 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(?lascar question? ? a highly politicised issue that for many years dominated the agendas of seamen?s unions )] TJ ET BT 34.016 121.205 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and maritime authorities. From the mid-19th century the stokehold of the steamship, a dark, dirty and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 106.949 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(physically demanding workplace \(especially so in the tropics\), became the focal point of fierce debates over )] TJ ET BT 34.016 92.693 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the employment of ?coloured? or ?lascar? seamen. While Australasian companies and unions, reflecting the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 78.437 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(prevailing political climate, employed racial arguments to enforce a ?whites only? policy in their coastal, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 64.181 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(intercolonial and Pacific islands trades, the Union SS Co. recruited lascars for its Asian trades, stressing ?the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 49.925 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(protection this afforded white men from poor work conditions? \(p. 120\). Chapter five seeks to recover the )] TJ ET endstream endobj 19 0 obj [17 0 R /Fit] endobj 20 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 21 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 518.9477 640.8295 532.9397 652.7095 ] >> endobj 21 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 22 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Contents 23 0 R >> endobj 23 0 obj << /Length 7208 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(often neglected histories of \(white\) women at sea, both as Union SS Co. stewardesses and as passengers, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(revealing how their presence was circumscribed by prescriptive gender ideals and notions of shipboard space )] TJ ET BT 34.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and order.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 741.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Perhaps the book?s most valuable insights are to be found in part three, which explores the Union SS Co.?s )] TJ ET BT 34.016 727.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(island trades and the connections they helped to forge between societies and individuals in the late 19th and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 713.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(early 20th centuries. Chapter six focuses on the white workers who manned steamers and port branches, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 698.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(making excellent use of the Union SS Co.?s archives to illustrate management?s persistent concerns at the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 684.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(perils their white employees faced in an unruly tropical environment: physical and mental ?slippage?, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 670.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(alcohol abuse and intimacy with the ?wrong crowd? ashore \(p. 167\).)] TJ ET BT 34.016 644.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Perhaps the book?s real highlight is chapter seven, ?)] TJ ET BT 284.972 644.165 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Sitima)] TJ ET BT 315.644 644.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( days in Suva?, which presents a fascinating )] TJ ET BT 34.016 629.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(micro-history of the early years of Fiji?s capital, at a time when regional steamer services were forging new )] TJ ET BT 34.016 615.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(networks of connection and exchange. In this dynamic littoral world, the Union SS Co.?s successful )] TJ ET BT 34.016 601.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(operation depended heavily on interracial cooperation, creating a web of social and cultural relations that )] TJ ET BT 34.016 587.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(were far more complex than the simple hiring and control of native casual labour. The cargo work that )] TJ ET BT 34.016 572.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(attracted local men on ?steamer days?, Steel maintains, was ?not entirely at odds with pre-colonial, cyclical )] TJ ET BT 34.016 558.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(labour practices? \(p. 189\). Indigenous leaders sought to minimise the disruption from new opportunities )] TJ ET BT 34.016 544.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(brought by colonial power, and for its part the Union SS Co. was prepared to negotiate and periodically reset )] TJ ET BT 34.016 530.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(its terms of engagement. Of course, ports and beaches have always been contestable, liminal worlds where )] TJ ET BT 34.016 515.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(social norms and taboos might be challenged or overturned. In Fiji, as elsewhere, colonial authorities, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 501.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(missionaries and sometimes indigenous leaders expressed much concern over the impact of contact with the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 487.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(more unwelcome aspects of European society; vulnerable men from the native town of Suvavou, for )] TJ ET BT 34.016 473.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(example, were said to be ?always in Suva picking up ideas from loafing low-class whites? \(p. 179\). A )] TJ ET BT 34.016 458.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Methodist missionary lamented that the ?best type of Fijian character? could only be found ?in the more )] TJ ET BT 34.016 444.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(remote districts? ? that is, far away from the steamer ports ? where ?the native can follow a simple and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 430.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(natural life untrammelled by the pernicious example of a degenerate civilisation?. As Steel observes, while )] TJ ET BT 34.016 416.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(modern transport links were readily celebrated as markers of progress, a ?steamer in port could as easily )] TJ ET BT 34.016 401.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(symbolise corruption as sophistication? \(p. 180\).)] TJ ET BT 34.016 375.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The book?s final chapter, which explores the engagement of Pacific Islanders with the steam shipping )] TJ ET BT 34.016 361.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(industry as seafarers and passengers, adds another layer to the emerging picture of a connected, mobile )] TJ ET BT 34.016 347.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(world. Despite the interventions of colonial authorities and new patterns of surveillance and control ? )] TJ ET BT 34.016 332.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(?[l]abour ordinances, travel permits and immigration laws were some of the innovations that accompanied )] TJ ET BT 34.016 318.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the rise of modern shipping? \(p. 220\) ? new maritime technologies enabled older cultural practices to be )] TJ ET BT 34.016 304.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(pursued on a larger scale. The Islanders who travelled freely between Tonga, Samoa and Fiji, carrying their )] TJ ET BT 34.016 290.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(mats, food, animals and even indigenous boats on the decks of steamers, and the authorities? anxious )] TJ ET BT 34.016 275.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(response to this kind of mobility, illustrate how the Union SS Co. was hooked into a complex web of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 261.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(?maritime circuitries?, which did not necessarily fit predominantly Western understandings of seaborne )] TJ ET BT 34.016 247.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(commerce. These networks moved in both directions. Indeed, thanks to the Union SS Co., the longstanding )] TJ ET BT 34.016 232.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(regional triangulation between Fiji, Tonga and Samoa now extended further south to Auckland and Sydney, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 218.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(raising fears about the ?wrong? forms of circulation and resulting threats to social order. As Steel observes, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 204.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(an influx of goods from the Pacific into Australia and New Zealand was one thing, an influx of Islanders )] TJ ET BT 34.016 190.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(quite another \(pp. 210?11\).)] TJ ET BT 34.016 163.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(As is typical of transnational, de-centred histories, there is a focus here on the unsettling of smooth, linear )] TJ ET BT 34.016 149.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(narratives, and on the telling of diverse, dispersed stories. As Steel acknowledges, in the absence of an over-)] TJ ET BT 34.016 135.461 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(arching narrative or big-picture history of the ?story of steam?, an emphasis on movement and fluidity can )] TJ ET BT 34.016 121.205 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(produce an ?inherent unevenness? and raise questions about the representativeness of fragmentary evidence. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 106.949 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Nevertheless, there is a power in these more intimate stories, which adds a new dimension to the ?narrower )] TJ ET BT 34.016 92.693 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(tradition? of business and economic histories of ships and the sea \(p. 221\). My only slight frustration with )] TJ ET BT 34.016 78.437 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(this valuable book is that its plain production, small number of images and academic tone mean that it is )] TJ ET BT 34.016 64.181 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(unlikely to reach the wider readership it deserves.)] TJ ET endstream endobj 24 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 27 0 R 29 0 R 31 0 R 33 0 R 35 0 R ] /Contents 25 0 R >> endobj 25 0 obj << /Length 4137 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 784.469 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Oceania Under Steam)] TJ ET BT 140.660 784.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, as its author explains, is intended as a contribution to a newer, richer and more )] TJ ET BT 34.016 770.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(connected maritime history, one which moves the analysis of steam shipping away from a preoccupation )] TJ ET BT 34.016 755.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(with political and business history, and the centre/periphery exchange, instead emphasising social and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 741.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(cultural relations and sub-imperial regional trades. Exploring the impact of steam from the viewpoint of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 727.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(?marginal? sub-metropoles like Sydney, Auckland and, especially, Suva, Steel challenges hierarchical )] TJ ET BT 34.016 713.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(models of imperial space and brings new webs of connection and exchange into focus. Markus Vink?s call, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 698.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(in a 2007 article, for a reinvigorated scholarship of the Indian Ocean that historicises and localises )] TJ ET BT 34.016 684.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(?porousness, permeability, connectedness, flexibility, and openness of spatial and temporal boundaries and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 670.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(borders? )] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 78.332 670.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(3\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 78.332 669.027 m 92.324 669.027 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 92.324 670.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( is equally applicable to the Pacific Ocean. )] TJ ET BT 299.948 670.421 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Oceania Under Steam)] TJ ET BT 406.592 670.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( rises to that challenge, making )] TJ ET BT 34.016 656.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(an important and timely contribution to our understanding of the shared histories of New Zealand and the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 641.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Pacific in the age of Britain?s global maritime dominance. It is to be hoped that it will encourage further )] TJ ET BT 34.016 627.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(studies in this still-underdeveloped field.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 592.755 Td /F3 18.0 Tf [(Notes)] TJ ET BT 48.816 562.138 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(1.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 562.133 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Epeli Hau?ofa, ?Our sea of islands?, )] TJ ET BT 241.964 562.133 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Contemporary Pacific)] TJ ET BT 348.956 562.133 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, 6, 1 \(1994\), 148?61.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 452.276 562.133 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(1\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 452.276 560.739 m 506.264 560.739 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 48.816 547.882 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(2.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 547.877 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Gavin McLean, )] TJ ET BT 142.328 547.877 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The Southern Octopus: The Rise of a Shipping Empire)] TJ ET BT 403.652 547.877 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(Wellington, 1990\).)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 501.644 547.877 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(2\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 501.644 546.483 m 555.632 546.483 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 48.816 533.626 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(3.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 533.621 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Markus P. M. Vink, ?Indian ocean studies and the ?new thalassology??, )] TJ ET BT 412.292 533.621 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Journal of Global History)] TJ ET BT 537.296 533.621 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, 2 )] TJ ET BT 64.016 519.365 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(2007\), 41?62.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 134.336 519.365 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(3\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 134.336 517.971 m 188.324 517.971 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 493.109 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The author is happy to accept this review and does not wish to comment further.)] TJ ET 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.391 476.383 526.499 1.500 re S BT 34.016 458.603 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Source URL:)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 104.672 458.603 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/review/1206)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 104.672 457.209 m 328.316 457.209 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 432.232 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Links:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 417.832 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([1] http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/item/7863)] TJ ET endstream endobj 26 0 obj [24 0 R /Fit] endobj 27 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 28 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 78.3317 669.3415 92.3237 681.2215 ] >> endobj 28 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 29 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 30 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 452.2757 561.0535 506.2637 572.9335 ] >> endobj 30 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /GoTo /D 14 0 R >> endobj 31 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 32 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 501.6437 546.7975 555.6317 558.6775 ] >> endobj 32 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /GoTo /D 19 0 R >> endobj 33 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 34 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 134.3357 518.2855 188.3237 530.1655 ] >> endobj 34 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /GoTo /D 26 0 R >> endobj 35 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 36 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 104.6717 457.5235 328.3157 469.4035 ] >> endobj 36 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/review/1206) >> endobj xref 0 37 0000000000 65535 f 0000000008 00000 n 0000000073 00000 n 0000000119 00000 n 0000000342 00000 n 0000000379 00000 n 0000000582 00000 n 0000000671 00000 n 0000005101 00000 n 0000005210 00000 n 0000005320 00000 n 0000005429 00000 n 0000008990 00000 n 0000009118 00000 n 0000009202 00000 n 0000009231 00000 n 0000009357 00000 n 0000009393 00000 n 0000009477 00000 n 0000017407 00000 n 0000017437 00000 n 0000017565 00000 n 0000017601 00000 n 0000017666 00000 n 0000024927 00000 n 0000025039 00000 n 0000029229 00000 n 0000029259 00000 n 0000029385 00000 n 0000029421 00000 n 0000029549 00000 n 0000029604 00000 n 0000029732 00000 n 0000029787 00000 n 0000029915 00000 n 0000029970 00000 n 0000030098 00000 n trailer << /Size 37 /Root 1 0 R /Info 5 0 R >> startxref 30194 %%EOF