%PDF-1.3 1 0 obj << /Type /Catalog /Outlines 2 0 R /Pages 3 0 R >> endobj 2 0 obj << /Type /Outlines /Count 0 >> endobj 3 0 obj << /Type /Pages /Kids [6 0 R 23 0 R 43 0 R 61 0 R ] /Count 4 /Resources << /ProcSet 4 0 R /Font << /F1 8 0 R /F2 9 0 R /F3 10 0 R /F4 45 0 R >> /XObject << /I1 11 0 R >> >> /MediaBox [0.000 0.000 595.280 841.890] >> endobj 4 0 obj [/PDF /Text /ImageC ] endobj 5 0 obj << /Creator (DOMPDF) /CreationDate (D:20140721010528+01'00') /ModDate (D:20140721010528+01'00') /Title (Sovereignty and Social Reform in India: British Colonialism and the Campaign Against Sati, 1830?60) >> endobj 6 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 12 0 R 15 0 R 18 0 R 21 0 R ] /Contents 7 0 R >> endobj 7 0 obj << /Length 5170 >> stream q 381.750 0 0 120.000 34.016 687.874 cm /I1 Do Q 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Published on )] TJ ET BT 99.356 676.469 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Reviews in History)] TJ ET BT 190.016 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \()] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 197.012 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 197.012 675.075 m 357.332 675.075 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 357.332 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\))] TJ ET 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.391 653.743 526.499 1.500 re S BT 34.016 615.321 Td /F3 18.0 Tf [(Sovereignty and Social Reform in India: British Colonialism and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 593.937 Td /F3 18.0 Tf [(the Campaign Against Sati, 1830?60)] TJ ET BT 34.016 266.195 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The subject of )] TJ ET BT 105.668 266.195 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(sati )] TJ ET BT 126.008 266.195 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(? more commonly known to Anglophone readers as ?suttee?, a term which was used by )] TJ ET BT 34.016 251.939 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(18th- and 19th-century writers to signify the self-immolation of Hindu widows on the funeral pyres of their )] TJ ET BT 34.016 237.683 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(husbands )] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 81.680 237.683 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(1\))] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 81.680 236.289 m 95.672 236.289 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 95.672 237.683 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( ? has long been of interest to historians. The vivid and horrific image of a woman willingly )] TJ ET BT 34.016 223.427 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(consumed by flames was the subject of exhaustive documentation by Europeans in both official and personal )] TJ ET BT 34.016 209.171 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(accounts over a considerable span of time. Indeed, Pompa Bannerjee has argued that this discussion was so )] TJ ET BT 34.016 194.915 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(pervasive that ?By the 1500s, representations of sati [...] were conventional, almost )] TJ ET BT 436.280 194.915 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(de rigueur)] TJ ET BT 486.608 194.915 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 180.659 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(travelogues of India?.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 138.320 180.659 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(2\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 138.320 179.265 m 152.312 179.265 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 152.312 180.659 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( Although never widespread \(indeed, Major observes that it was practically unheard )] TJ ET BT 34.016 166.403 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of in some regions of India\), the custom was frequently used as a shorthand way of depicting the supposed )] TJ ET BT 34.016 152.147 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(backwardness of South Asia in comparison with the West, stressing the fatal consequences that resulted for )] TJ ET BT 34.016 137.891 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(those women from being members of an ?inferior? race and religion, while being simultaneously fascinated )] TJ ET BT 34.016 123.635 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(by the notion of )] TJ ET BT 113.348 123.635 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(sati)] TJ ET BT 130.688 123.635 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( as a public spectacle. Paradoxically, this fascination could also sometimes lead to early )] TJ ET BT 34.016 109.379 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(modern writers explicitly praising the women involved for ?wifely devotion? rather than condemning it as )] TJ ET BT 34.016 95.123 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(barbaric, or Western observers claiming to view it ?impartially? as a cultural performance that needed to be )] TJ ET BT 34.016 80.867 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(understood in the context of Indian society, religion and culture.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 342.308 80.867 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(3\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 342.308 79.473 m 356.300 79.473 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 356.300 80.867 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( During the early 19th century, discussion )] TJ ET BT 34.016 66.611 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of the practice arguably reached its zenith from what were already high levels and in 1829, after several )] TJ ET BT 34.016 52.355 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(heated debates between colonial officials, missionaries and other interested parties over the best way to deal )] TJ ET BT 34.016 563.315 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Review Number:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 549.059 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(1209)] TJ ET BT 34.016 534.803 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publish date:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 520.547 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Wednesday, 1 February, 2012)] TJ ET BT 34.016 506.291 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Author:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 492.035 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Andrea Major)] TJ ET BT 34.016 477.779 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(ISBN:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 463.523 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(9780415580502)] TJ ET BT 34.016 449.267 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Date of Publication:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 435.011 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(2010)] TJ ET BT 34.016 420.755 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Price:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 406.499 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(80.00)] TJ ET BT 34.016 392.243 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Pages:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 377.987 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(160pp.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 363.731 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publisher:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 349.475 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Routledge)] TJ ET BT 34.016 335.219 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Place of Publication:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 320.963 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Abingdon)] TJ ET BT 34.016 306.707 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Reviewer:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 292.451 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Daniel Grey)] TJ ET endstream endobj 8 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F1 /BaseFont /Times-Roman /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 9 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F2 /BaseFont /Times-Italic /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 10 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F3 /BaseFont /Times-Bold /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 11 0 obj << /Type /XObject /Subtype /Image /Width 509 /Height 160 /Filter /FlateDecode /DecodeParms << /Predictor 15 /Colors 3 /Columns 509 /BitsPerComponent 8>> /Mask [ 255 255 255 255 255 255 ] /ColorSpace /DeviceRGB /BitsPerComponent 8 /Length 3280>> stream x[EQ㎦fVttҒ +3O{?lGDQԯDrB^.ϯ%~'0۠/2>0AG_>0j0GCfE67>rB^}@  !&y+r?INp:erc b8f=rQC!~-Wf^^zF[)G 2ޯe7V_Go3Ke GEGOo8rώ#\1ZY~N6^H}yLxS-!:412V+u\-LSO?xVvZ|GjǮT_8EYJF=Tw^ 7GxfN/S:Ʌ~ʟtt?5n÷J'JcF-GVξx{rO~tJd;#a\7}|~y'>}c2C vR}f׈**h.)_&@pfzjsx:5;S\vKhM5j=!Cn+h"u]a EUN]jn=k<,:Ք>sU!ni~6EJ)¦72?G}[y}_vc$t?iSܟ2Zݞ,VN?_`='RFK1A2qv&X_lLRWY'%:I㢖zb_UEx\>&ɆBˏ~K@ \gYØU4}$8Dv!'Q'*+Εj(UCGo[#< 2Ja(sZi9fZKE Rn`u\9r^Zmɯ׹}mstO4uc~#'jEvۼ Dx[z ޏQ4KL5,5u3>i^uÒ-53ba ~,~/pyt1fMU'CVm:qv~=Y'Es"WsφG?l_kN5}],Ow7 uh`xƫ?zMl7ٻv$A(4Dl(wwH} ?=[=S;yC]^BK>㕪9`Z'Wj;E|:bf>kCԘ#RY,iv쵗~}n'"1u" *uO΄/2^Sxr(!/DD\~mJyZ!MmrA!#u[if|99WB WΡpp}w}sh#,\ &:%˳X?D3 %W0cC?o̲^} F3XLVn]Cߖiϧ!7}yZJ#P7]=)7Ρp;>> Ye^xx{Oafw{ ;>4gfLt ʊ:q%#r/)pv!O4wGh|dS ӣݽހ-gVUC'pBxrB^} 7JA^} /'8!`:r?}}],X  }6y!`/~Br?}Q< >k7vx"] ,' .3jn{-i}|~%-};b6#U)7繎kiEw 㤳:E}[޼c"rꬊ7Dc$~"/Y&zSd:tFȌCrʙ`7u .#[-<)j ?TGS(j~oTup(hjU4PlJ=}|it.ҽ@\wʨuXÞZcx18Wo<~ikOg,ވ\^?EneyZcc0[R١z|zv7_m:_n]a?osS3~j^ hD.a_X'KfBX6w wݶ"Oa:,bvhrWH[uCF-Xfc}>x+Rz)2N-B 7y^٨;[/vg? | |2Sve}=o䑰j[vWjF0{굦?VI~}xM(_TlG__+]:#к?S} c>GŸD7 !w{S{B =x7a?oE#)+Gz:o_4Q<;n?\tt7?mGCџQGu4kņOF>F?#} hP&ђߴM#u!.СtL2^#o nIk_i.~7tr@n 1P~3?.[]=S5b߮~Yo^HFH YBi8a4iom>CKgMy*;?zqEӕ` >zB9iFzC?XF?ޟIܰ펉A}{I5ᄊx%ez#Mp@rߎpi]IOVjzuJt\۰f׺u5><,J~PTJp1)}){9N {!`/> endstream endobj 12 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 13 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 197.0117 675.3895 357.3317 687.2695 ] >> endobj 13 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews) >> endobj 14 0 obj [6 0 R /Fit] endobj 15 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 16 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 81.6797 236.6035 95.6717 248.4835 ] >> endobj 16 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 17 0 obj [6 0 R /Fit] endobj 18 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 19 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 138.3197 179.5795 152.3117 191.4595 ] >> endobj 19 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 20 0 obj [6 0 R /Fit] endobj 21 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 22 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 342.3077 79.7875 356.2997 91.6675 ] >> endobj 22 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 23 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 26 0 R 29 0 R 32 0 R 35 0 R 38 0 R 41 0 R ] /Contents 24 0 R >> endobj 24 0 obj << /Length 9409 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(with this custom, )] TJ ET BT 119.360 796.469 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(sati )] TJ ET BT 139.700 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(was outlawed in Bengal, and this legislation was quickly extended across the rest of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(British India.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 97.352 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(4\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 97.352 780.819 m 111.344 780.819 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 755.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(From almost immediately after the law was passed, the abolition of )] TJ ET BT 359.984 755.957 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(sati)] TJ ET BT 377.324 755.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( was confidently and repeatedly )] TJ ET BT 34.016 741.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(declared a resounding success. By 1885, for example, it was possible for )] TJ ET BT 385.616 741.701 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The Times)] TJ ET BT 435.284 741.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( to report smugly to its )] TJ ET BT 34.016 727.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(readers that ?The terrible rite of Suttee is now a thing entirely of the past?, holding up the ending of the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 713.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(practice as one of the notable successes of British imperial rule, a narrative of benevolent ?civilising )] TJ ET BT 34.016 698.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(progress? which continued to be used right up until 1947.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 309.992 698.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(5\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 309.992 697.539 m 323.984 697.539 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 323.984 698.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( The degree to which this eradication had )] TJ ET BT 34.016 684.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(actually been achieved was rarely questioned, despite the occasional reports of cases which cropped up over )] TJ ET BT 34.016 670.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the course of the 19th and 20th centuries. Moreover, the methods used against )] TJ ET BT 411.620 670.421 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(sati )] TJ ET BT 431.960 670.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(became a template for a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 656.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(number of other Victorian ?social reform? legislative measures, such as the campaign against female )] TJ ET BT 34.016 641.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(infanticide.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 88.340 641.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(6\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 88.340 640.515 m 102.332 640.515 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 615.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(In fact, far from being comprehensively eliminated, )] TJ ET BT 284.960 615.653 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(sati)] TJ ET BT 302.300 615.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( has never entirely been abolished. This was perhaps )] TJ ET BT 34.016 601.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(most significantly demonstrated by the notorious )] TJ ET BT 272.012 601.397 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(sati)] TJ ET BT 289.352 601.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( of 18-year-old Roop Kanwar in Rajasthan in 1987, and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 587.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the resulting battle in the media and the courtroom between liberal and conservative commentators on )] TJ ET BT 34.016 572.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(whether those who had either participated in or supported Kanwar?s )] TJ ET BT 364.604 572.885 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(sati)] TJ ET BT 381.944 572.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( should be prosecuted or not, and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 558.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(what the practice meant for culture and society in late 20th-century India.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 386.600 558.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(7\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 386.600 557.235 m 400.592 557.235 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 400.592 558.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( Nor, despite the insistent )] TJ ET BT 34.016 544.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(rhetoric of British campaigners and administrators from the early 19th century onwards \(if not earlier\), can )] TJ ET BT 34.016 530.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the debates over the abolition of )] TJ ET BT 191.324 530.117 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(sati)] TJ ET BT 208.664 530.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( and the eventual decision to make the practice illegal be seen as an )] TJ ET BT 34.016 515.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(unproblematic humanitarian measure imposed to save the lives of vulnerable colonial subjects.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 489.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(What makes Andrea Major?s new book such a valuable and innovative contribution to the discussion of this )] TJ ET BT 34.016 475.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(much-studied topic is that )] TJ ET BT 161.348 475.349 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Sovereignty)] TJ ET BT 218.000 475.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( begins its narrative where most accounts end: the outlawing of the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 461.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(practice. 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As it became clear that this would not be either a simple or a swift )] TJ ET BT 34.016 106.949 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(process, however, arguments began to be put forward that a more direct intervention should be made, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 92.693 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(opening up a wider discussion ?about the acceptable limits of British intervention in princely states? \(p. 42\).)] TJ ET BT 34.016 66.437 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Never normally shy about concocting excuses for taking a firm interventionist line in defence of its interests, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 52.181 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the Company was leery of sparking violent and widespread protests in the princely states against outside )] TJ ET endstream endobj 25 0 obj [23 0 R /Fit] endobj 26 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 27 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 97.3517 781.1335 111.3437 793.0135 ] >> endobj 27 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 28 0 obj [23 0 R /Fit] endobj 29 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 30 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 309.9917 697.8535 323.9837 709.7335 ] >> endobj 30 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 31 0 obj [23 0 R /Fit] endobj 32 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 33 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 88.3397 640.8295 102.3317 652.7095 ] >> endobj 33 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 34 0 obj [23 0 R /Fit] endobj 35 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 36 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 386.5997 557.5495 400.5917 569.4295 ] >> endobj 36 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 37 0 obj [23 0 R /Fit] endobj 38 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 39 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 206.3237 345.9655 220.3157 357.8455 ] >> endobj 39 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 40 0 obj [23 0 R /Fit] endobj 41 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 42 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 231.6437 205.6615 245.6357 217.5415 ] >> endobj 42 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 43 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 47 0 R 49 0 R 51 0 R 53 0 R 55 0 R 57 0 R 59 0 R ] /Contents 44 0 R >> endobj 44 0 obj << /Length 10865 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(interference by making the abolition of )] TJ ET BT 224.648 796.469 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(sati )] TJ ET BT 244.988 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(by nominal allies)] TJ ET BT 330.656 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(a demand instead of a request. It was )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(influenced in particular by the sharp contrast between colonial representations of ?martial? Rajput and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(?effete? Bengali society, and the resulting assumption that Rajput nobles and princes would fiercely contest )] TJ ET BT 34.016 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(any perceived attempt to curtail their authority or customs. It was not until 1845 that it became a clear policy )] TJ ET BT 34.016 739.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(in the Company to push rulers of the princely states ? with a greater or lesser degree of subtlety ? into )] TJ ET BT 34.016 725.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(abolishing )] TJ ET BT 87.020 725.189 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(sati)] TJ ET BT 104.360 725.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, and the upheaval and trauma of the Great Rebellion in 1857 demonstrated the crucial )] TJ ET BT 34.016 710.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(importance to colonial officials of maintaining cordial relations with the princely states. However, over this )] TJ ET BT 34.016 696.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(30-year period attitudes increasingly hardened against tolerating the practice beyond the borders of the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 682.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Bengal, Bombay and Madras Presidencies, even as it was simultaneously acknowledged by the Company )] TJ ET BT 34.016 668.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(that extending and enforcing such a ban on )] TJ ET BT 243.308 668.165 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(sati)] TJ ET BT 260.648 668.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( ?was in fact highly contingent on local circumstances, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 653.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(political expediencies and pragmatic considerations? \(p. 114\). )] TJ ET BT 34.016 627.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Drawing extensively on unpublished archival material held in both India and Britain, as well as published )] TJ ET BT 34.016 613.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(sources, Major has crafted a well-written and meticulous examination of the ways in which the East India )] TJ ET BT 34.016 599.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Company both attempted to exert its influence in the princely states, and was itself profoundly influenced in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 584.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(turn by Rajput ideas about )] TJ ET BT 163.676 584.885 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(sati)] TJ ET BT 181.016 584.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( and its meaning. That said, given the richness of the sources discussed here, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 570.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(at just three chapters \(plus introduction and conclusion\) comprising 152 pages, I was occasionally left with )] TJ ET BT 34.016 556.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the feeling that some aspects of the narrative were cut short rather too soon ? possibly, despite the substantial )] TJ ET BT 34.016 542.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(amount of primary and secondary material which has been added here, a holdover from the manuscript?s )] TJ ET BT 34.016 527.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(origins as two chapters of a doctoral thesis. It would, for example, have been interesting to explore in rather )] TJ ET BT 34.016 513.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(more detail the similarities and differences with the mid 19th century discourse on suicide in Britain, which )] TJ ET BT 34.016 499.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(might have had a bearing on this newly \(re\)valorised interpretation of Rajput )] TJ ET BT 405.956 499.349 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(sati)] TJ ET BT 423.296 499.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(; particularly since this )] TJ ET BT 34.016 485.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(comparison is something that Major has performed to great effect in her earlier work on early modern )] TJ ET BT 34.016 470.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(narratives of the practice.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 155.972 470.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(10\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 155.972 469.443 m 175.964 469.443 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 175.964 470.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( This is, however, a relatively minor quibble given the overall importance of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 456.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(this book for developing our understanding of both South Asian and imperial mid 19th?century history. In )] TJ ET BT 34.016 442.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(illuminating the complicated ways in which Rajput and British ideas regarding both sovereignty and )] TJ ET BT 518.648 442.325 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(sati)] TJ ET BT 34.016 428.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(influenced each other between 1830 and 1860, Dr Major has opened up entirely new avenues of enquiry )] TJ ET BT 34.016 413.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(regarding the reciprocal relationship between colony and metropole, and the finely nuanced distinctions )] TJ ET BT 34.016 399.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(drawn ?on the ground? in imperial policy and practice in 19th-century South Asia.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 364.659 Td /F3 18.0 Tf [(Notes)] TJ ET BT 48.816 334.042 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(1.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 334.037 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Major notes that this is a British interpretation of a Sanskrit term which ignores its different aspects, )] TJ ET BT 64.016 319.781 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and additionally conflates sati as an act with the person who performs it \(p. 1\).)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 440.624 319.781 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(1\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 440.624 318.387 m 494.612 318.387 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 48.816 305.530 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(2.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 305.525 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Pompa Bannerjee, )] TJ ET BT 155.000 305.525 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Burning Women: Widows, Witches and Early Modern European Travellers in India)] TJ ET BT 64.016 291.269 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(Basingstoke, 2003\), p. 1)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 184.676 291.269 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(2\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 184.676 289.875 m 238.664 289.875 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 48.816 277.018 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(3.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 277.013 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Andrea Major, ?A question of rites? Perspectives on the colonial encounter with sati?, )] TJ ET BT 480.272 277.013 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(History )] TJ ET BT 64.016 262.757 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Compass)] TJ ET BT 108.020 262.757 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, 4, 5 \(2006\), 780?99; Norbert Schrer, ?The impartial spectator of sati, 1757?84?, )] TJ ET BT 64.016 248.501 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Eighteenth-Century Studies)] TJ ET BT 196.340 248.501 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, 42, 1 \(2008\), 19?44.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 299.660 248.501 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(3\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 299.660 247.107 m 353.648 247.107 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 48.816 234.250 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(4.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 234.245 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(On these debates see variously Andrea Major)] TJ ET BT 281.960 234.245 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [( ?)] TJ ET BT 290.960 234.245 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Eternal flames: suicide, sinfulness and insanity in )] TJ ET BT 64.016 219.989 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(European constructions of sati, 1500?1830?, )] TJ ET BT 280.316 219.989 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(International Journal of Asian Studies)] TJ ET BT 464.324 219.989 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(, )] TJ ET BT 470.324 219.989 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(27, 2)] TJ ET BT 494.324 219.989 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(\()] TJ ET BT 498.320 219.989 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(2004)] TJ ET BT 522.320 219.989 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(\), )] TJ ET BT 532.316 219.989 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [()] TJ ET BT 535.316 219.989 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(247)] TJ ET BT 553.316 219.989 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(?)] TJ ET BT 64.016 205.733 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(76)] TJ ET BT 76.016 205.733 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(;)] TJ ET BT 80.012 205.733 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( Andrea Major, Pious Flames: European Encounters with Sati 1500?1830)] TJ ET BT 435.644 205.733 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(\(New Delhi, )] TJ ET BT 496.640 205.733 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(2006)] TJ ET BT 520.640 205.733 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(\); Lata )] TJ ET BT 64.016 191.477 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Mani, ?)] TJ ET BT 101.348 191.477 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Production of an official discourse on sati in early nineteenth century Bengal?, )] TJ ET BT 481.616 191.477 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Economic and )] TJ ET BT 64.016 177.221 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Political Weekly)] TJ ET BT 143.000 177.221 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, 21 \(1986\), 32?40;)] TJ ET BT 234.656 177.221 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [( Lata Mani, )] TJ ET BT 293.996 177.221 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Contentious Traditions: The Debate on Sati in )] TJ ET BT 64.016 162.965 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Colonial India, 1780?1833)] TJ ET BT 195.344 162.965 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(\(Berkeley, CA, )] TJ ET BT 268.652 162.965 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(1998)] TJ ET BT 292.652 162.965 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(\); Clare Midgley, ?)] TJ ET BT 385.304 162.965 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Female emancipation in an imperial )] TJ ET BT 64.016 148.709 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(frame: English women and the campaign against sati \(widow-burning\) in India, 1813?30?)] TJ ET BT 495.284 148.709 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(, Women?s )] TJ ET BT 64.016 134.453 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(History Review)] TJ ET BT 137.672 134.453 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(, 9, 1 \(2000\), 95?121; )] TJ ET BT 245.660 134.453 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Anand A. Yang, ?Whose sati? Widow burning in early 19th )] TJ ET BT 64.016 120.197 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(century India?, )] TJ ET BT 138.992 120.197 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Journal of Women?s History)] TJ ET BT 277.316 120.197 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(,)] TJ ET BT 283.316 120.197 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(1 \(1989\), 8?33.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 356.636 120.197 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(4\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 356.636 118.803 m 410.624 118.803 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 48.816 105.946 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(5.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 105.941 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(?Social reform in India?, )] TJ ET BT 186.320 105.941 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The Times)] TJ ET BT 235.988 105.941 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, 13 November 1885, p. 13.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 367.640 105.941 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(5\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 367.640 104.547 m 421.628 104.547 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 48.816 91.690 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(6.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 91.685 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Veena Talwar Oldenburg, )] TJ ET BT 191.972 91.685 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Dowry Murder: Reinvestigating a Cultural Whodunnit )] TJ ET BT 457.304 91.685 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(2nd ed., New Delhi, )] TJ ET BT 64.016 77.429 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(2010\), pp.24?5; Daniel J. R. Grey, ?Gender, religion, and infanticide in colonial India, 1870?1906?, )] TJ ET BT 64.016 63.173 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(forthcoming in )] TJ ET BT 138.680 63.173 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Victorian Review.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 224.672 63.173 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(6\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 224.672 61.779 m 278.660 61.779 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 48.816 48.922 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(7.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 48.917 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(On Kanwar?s death and the controversy it generated see Dina Abbott, ?Paying the price of femininity: )] TJ ET endstream endobj 45 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F4 /BaseFont /Times-BoldItalic /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 46 0 obj [43 0 R /Fit] endobj 47 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 48 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 155.9717 469.7575 175.9637 481.6375 ] >> endobj 48 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 49 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 50 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 440.6237 318.7015 494.6117 330.5815 ] >> endobj 50 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /GoTo /D 14 0 R >> endobj 51 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 52 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 184.6757 290.1895 238.6637 302.0695 ] >> endobj 52 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /GoTo /D 17 0 R >> endobj 53 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 54 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 299.6597 247.4215 353.6477 259.3015 ] >> endobj 54 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /GoTo /D 20 0 R >> endobj 55 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 56 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 356.6357 119.1175 410.6237 130.9975 ] >> endobj 56 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /GoTo /D 25 0 R >> endobj 57 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 58 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 367.6397 104.8615 421.6277 116.7415 ] >> endobj 58 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /GoTo /D 28 0 R >> endobj 59 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 60 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 224.6717 62.0935 278.6597 73.9735 ] >> endobj 60 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /GoTo /D 31 0 R >> endobj 61 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 63 0 R 65 0 R 67 0 R 69 0 R 71 0 R ] /Contents 62 0 R >> endobj 62 0 obj << /Length 5132 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 64.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(women and new Hinduism? in )] TJ ET BT 213.668 796.469 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Culture and Global Change)] TJ ET BT 348.008 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, ed. Tracy Skelton and Tim Allen )] TJ ET BT 64.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(London, 1999\), pp. 240?8; Ananya Chatterjea, ?Dancing death by fire: In search of Roop Kanwar?, )] TJ ET BT 64.016 767.957 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Women & Performance)] TJ ET BT 177.992 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(,)] TJ ET BT 183.992 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(11, 1\(1999\), 81?102; Paul B. Courtright and Namita Goswami, ?Who was )] TJ ET BT 64.016 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Roop Kanwar? )] TJ ET BT 139.328 753.701 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Sati)] TJ ET BT 158.000 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, law, religion, and postcolonial feminism? in )] TJ ET BT 378.656 753.701 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Religion and Personal Law in )] TJ ET BT 64.016 739.445 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Secular India: A Call to Judgment)] TJ ET BT 229.004 739.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, ed. 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John Stratton Hawley)] TJ ET BT 318.332 668.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(Oxford, 1994\), pp.131?48; Veena Talwar )] TJ ET BT 64.016 653.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Oldenburg, ?The Roop Kanwar case: feminist responses? in )] TJ ET BT 354.956 653.909 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Sati, the Blessing and the Curse: the )] TJ ET BT 64.016 639.653 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Burning of Wives in India)] TJ ET BT 188.012 639.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, ed. John Stratton Hawley)] TJ ET BT 318.332 639.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(Oxford, 1994\), pp. 101?30; Lourens P. van den )] TJ ET BT 64.016 625.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Bosch, ?A burning question: )] TJ ET BT 204.344 625.397 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(sati)] TJ ET BT 221.684 625.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( and )] TJ ET BT 245.012 625.397 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(sati )] TJ ET BT 265.352 625.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(temples as the focus of political interest?, )] TJ ET BT 467.324 625.397 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Numen)] TJ ET BT 501.320 625.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, 37 \(1990\), )] TJ ET BT 64.016 611.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(174?94.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 102.344 611.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(7\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 102.344 609.747 m 156.332 609.747 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 48.816 596.890 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(8.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 596.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Barbara N. Ramusack, )] TJ ET BT 175.652 596.885 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Indian Princes and Their States)] TJ ET BT 328.316 596.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(Cambridge, 2004\).)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 425.636 596.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(8\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 425.636 595.491 m 479.624 595.491 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 48.816 582.634 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(9.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 582.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Mani, ?Official production? and )] TJ ET BT 221.648 582.629 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Contentious Traditions)] TJ ET BT 332.672 582.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 335.672 582.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(9\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 335.672 581.235 m 389.660 581.235 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 42.816 568.378 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(10.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 568.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Major, ?Eternal flames?.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 182.648 568.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(10\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 182.648 566.979 m 242.636 566.979 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 542.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The author is happy to accept this review and does not wish to comment further, except to thank the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 527.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(reviewer for their thoughtful consideration of her work.)] TJ ET 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.391 511.135 526.499 1.500 re S BT 34.016 493.355 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Source URL:)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 104.672 493.355 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/review/1209)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 104.672 491.961 m 328.316 491.961 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 466.984 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Links:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 452.584 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([1] http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/item/7866)] TJ ET endstream endobj 63 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 64 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 102.3437 610.0615 156.3317 621.9415 ] >> endobj 64 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /GoTo /D 34 0 R >> endobj 65 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 66 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 425.6357 595.8055 479.6237 607.6855 ] >> endobj 66 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /GoTo /D 37 0 R >> endobj 67 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 68 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 335.6717 581.5495 389.6597 593.4295 ] >> endobj 68 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /GoTo /D 40 0 R >> endobj 69 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 70 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 182.6477 567.2935 242.6357 579.1735 ] >> endobj 70 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /GoTo /D 46 0 R >> endobj 71 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 72 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 104.6717 492.2755 328.3157 504.1555 ] >> endobj 72 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/review/1209) >> endobj xref 0 73 0000000000 65535 f 0000000008 00000 n 0000000073 00000 n 0000000119 00000 n 0000000353 00000 n 0000000390 00000 n 0000000612 00000 n 0000000715 00000 n 0000005937 00000 n 0000006046 00000 n 0000006156 00000 n 0000006265 00000 n 0000009826 00000 n 0000009954 00000 n 0000010038 00000 n 0000010067 00000 n 0000010193 00000 n 0000010229 00000 n 0000010258 00000 n 0000010386 00000 n 0000010422 00000 n 0000010451 00000 n 0000010577 00000 n 0000010613 00000 n 0000010732 00000 n 0000020194 00000 n 0000020224 00000 n 0000020351 00000 n 0000020387 00000 n 0000020417 00000 n 0000020545 00000 n 0000020581 00000 n 0000020611 00000 n 0000020738 00000 n 0000020774 00000 n 0000020804 00000 n 0000020932 00000 n 0000020968 00000 n 0000020998 00000 n 0000021126 00000 n 0000021162 00000 n 0000021192 00000 n 0000021320 00000 n 0000021356 00000 n 0000021482 00000 n 0000032401 00000 n 0000032516 00000 n 0000032546 00000 n 0000032674 00000 n 0000032710 00000 n 0000032838 00000 n 0000032893 00000 n 0000033021 00000 n 0000033076 00000 n 0000033204 00000 n 0000033259 00000 n 0000033387 00000 n 0000033442 00000 n 0000033570 00000 n 0000033625 00000 n 0000033751 00000 n 0000033806 00000 n 0000033918 00000 n 0000039103 00000 n 0000039231 00000 n 0000039286 00000 n 0000039414 00000 n 0000039469 00000 n 0000039597 00000 n 0000039652 00000 n 0000039780 00000 n 0000039835 00000 n 0000039963 00000 n trailer << /Size 73 /Root 1 0 R /Info 5 0 R >> startxref 40059 %%EOF