%PDF-1.3 1 0 obj << /Type /Catalog /Outlines 2 0 R /Pages 3 0 R >> endobj 2 0 obj << /Type /Outlines /Count 0 >> endobj 3 0 obj << /Type /Pages /Kids [6 0 R 14 0 R 16 0 R ] /Count 3 /Resources << /ProcSet 4 0 R /Font << /F1 8 0 R /F2 9 0 R /F3 10 0 R >> /XObject << /I1 11 0 R >> >> /MediaBox [0.000 0.000 595.280 841.890] >> endobj 4 0 obj [/PDF /Text /ImageC ] endobj 5 0 obj << /Creator (DOMPDF) /CreationDate (D:20140818093638+01'00') /ModDate (D:20140818093638+01'00') /Title (Newspapers and Nationalism: the Irish provincial press, 1850-1892) >> endobj 6 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 12 0 R ] /Contents 7 0 R >> endobj 7 0 obj << /Length 4563 >> stream q 381.750 0 0 120.000 34.016 687.874 cm /I1 Do Q 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Published on )] TJ ET BT 99.356 676.469 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Reviews in History)] TJ ET BT 190.016 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \()] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 197.012 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 197.012 675.075 m 357.332 675.075 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 357.332 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\))] TJ ET 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.391 653.743 526.499 1.500 re S BT 34.016 615.321 Td /F3 18.0 Tf [(Newspapers and Nationalism: the Irish provincial press, 1850-1892)] TJ ET BT 34.016 316.091 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(A fascinating survey and analysis of the 'Fourth Estate'and its impact and involvement on nationalist politics )] TJ ET BT 34.016 301.835 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(in Ireland in the second half of the Victorian age. Dr Marie-Louise Legg gets inside the period and writes to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 287.579 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(us about the newspapers themselves, their editors, the people who bought them and, those who actually read )] TJ ET BT 34.016 273.323 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(them and whether or not were influenced by them in their morals, intellects and politics. It may well pander )] TJ ET BT 34.016 259.067 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(to a kind of historical voyeurism to ask who is reading what? In this respect this book greatly satisfied, not )] TJ ET BT 34.016 244.811 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(least to the extent of the satisfaction we get when reading other peoples' papers in the bus or on the train. In )] TJ ET BT 34.016 230.555 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(her penultimate chapter, 'What did the Irish read?' we are told of a David King, who wrote )] TJ ET BT 470.564 230.555 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The Irish Question)] TJ ET BT 34.016 216.299 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(1882\) that when travelling in a third class railway carriage he noted that out of twenty -five farmers 'more )] TJ ET BT 34.016 202.043 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(than half the people read the morning papers, even those who looked the least intelligent, showing a great )] TJ ET BT 34.016 187.787 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(interest in the news. I discovered the man who sat opposite me, a ragged looking individual read the other )] TJ ET BT 34.016 173.531 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(side of my paper with evident interest'. Pope Hennessy who wrote on what the Irish read in 1884 claimed )] TJ ET BT 34.016 159.275 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(that the owners of such national papers as )] TJ ET BT 237.308 159.275 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The Freeman's Journal, The Nation, and United Ireland)] TJ ET BT 506.864 159.275 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( had )] TJ ET BT 34.016 145.019 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(plenty of evidence to show that the Irish reading public was a large and increasing one.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 118.763 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Historians of late Victorian Ireland, duly acknowledged here, tell us that the rural population of Ireland was )] TJ ET BT 34.016 104.507 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(well educated: between 1851 and 1911 \( on the evidence of the census\) the percentage of the population over )] TJ ET BT 34.016 90.251 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(five years of age which claimed to be able to read rose from 53% to 88%. There were plenty of laymen able )] TJ ET BT 34.016 75.995 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(to read and write and therefore capable of coping with the necessary paperwork and administration involved )] TJ ET BT 34.016 61.739 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(in political organization and electioneering not to speak of contributing to and running provincial )] TJ ET BT 34.016 584.699 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Review Number:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 570.443 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(122)] TJ ET BT 34.016 556.187 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publish date:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 541.931 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Thursday, 1 June, 2000)] TJ ET BT 34.016 527.675 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Author:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 513.419 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Marie-Louise Legg)] TJ ET BT 34.016 499.163 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(ISBN:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 484.907 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(9781851823417)] TJ ET BT 34.016 470.651 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Date of Publication:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 456.395 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(1999)] TJ ET BT 34.016 442.139 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Pages:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 427.883 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(238pp.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 413.627 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publisher:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 399.371 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Four Courts Press)] TJ ET BT 34.016 385.115 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Place of Publication:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 370.859 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Dublin)] TJ ET BT 34.016 356.603 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Reviewer:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 342.347 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(John McGurk)] TJ ET endstream endobj 8 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F1 /BaseFont /Times-Roman /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 9 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F2 /BaseFont /Times-Italic /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 10 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F3 /BaseFont /Times-Bold /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 11 0 obj << /Type /XObject /Subtype /Image /Width 509 /Height 160 /Filter /FlateDecode /DecodeParms << /Predictor 15 /Colors 3 /Columns 509 /BitsPerComponent 8>> /Mask [ 255 255 255 255 255 255 ] /ColorSpace /DeviceRGB /BitsPerComponent 8 /Length 3280>> stream x[EQ㎦fVttҒ +3O{?lGDQԯDrB^.ϯ%~'0۠/2>0AG_>0j0GCfE67>rB^}@  !&y+r?INp:erc b8f=rQC!~-Wf^^zF[)G 2ޯe7V_Go3Ke GEGOo8rώ#\1ZY~N6^H}yLxS-!:412V+u\-LSO?xVvZ|GjǮT_8EYJF=Tw^ 7GxfN/S:Ʌ~ʟtt?5n÷J'JcF-GVξx{rO~tJd;#a\7}|~y'>}c2C vR}f׈**h.)_&@pfzjsx:5;S\vKhM5j=!Cn+h"u]a EUN]jn=k<,:Ք>sU!ni~6EJ)¦72?G}[y}_vc$t?iSܟ2Zݞ,VN?_`='RFK1A2qv&X_lLRWY'%:I㢖zb_UEx\>&ɆBˏ~K@ \gYØU4}$8Dv!'Q'*+Εj(UCGo[#< 2Ja(sZi9fZKE Rn`u\9r^Zmɯ׹}mstO4uc~#'jEvۼ Dx[z ޏQ4KL5,5u3>i^uÒ-53ba ~,~/pyt1fMU'CVm:qv~=Y'Es"WsφG?l_kN5}],Ow7 uh`xƫ?zMl7ٻv$A(4Dl(wwH} ?=[=S;yC]^BK>㕪9`Z'Wj;E|:bf>kCԘ#RY,iv쵗~}n'"1u" *uO΄/2^Sxr(!/DD\~mJyZ!MmrA!#u[if|99WB WΡpp}w}sh#,\ &:%˳X?D3 %W0cC?o̲^} F3XLVn]Cߖiϧ!7}yZJ#P7]=)7Ρp;>> Ye^xx{Oafw{ ;>4gfLt ʊ:q%#r/)pv!O4wGh|dS ӣݽހ-gVUC'pBxrB^} 7JA^} /'8!`:r?}}],X  }6y!`/~Br?}Q< >k7vx"] ,' .3jn{-i}|~%-};b6#U)7繎kiEw 㤳:E}[޼c"rꬊ7Dc$~"/Y&zSd:tFȌCrʙ`7u .#[-<)j ?TGS(j~oTup(hjU4PlJ=}|it.ҽ@\wʨuXÞZcx18Wo<~ikOg,ވ\^?EneyZcc0[R١z|zv7_m:_n]a?osS3~j^ hD.a_X'KfBX6w wݶ"Oa:,bvhrWH[uCF-Xfc}>x+Rz)2N-B 7y^٨;[/vg? | |2Sve}=o䑰j[vWjF0{굦?VI~}xM(_TlG__+]:#к?S} c>GŸD7 !w{S{B =x7a?oE#)+Gz:o_4Q<;n?\tt7?mGCџQGu4kņOF>F?#} hP&ђߴM#u!.СtL2^#o nIk_i.~7tr@n 1P~3?.[]=S5b߮~Yo^HFH YBi8a4iom>CKgMy*;?zqEӕ` >zB9iFzC?XF?ޟIܰ펉A}{I5ᄊx%ez#Mp@rߎpi]IOVjzuJt\۰f׺u5><,J~PTJp1)}){9N {!`/> endstream endobj 12 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 13 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 197.0117 675.3895 357.3317 687.2695 ] >> endobj 13 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews) >> endobj 14 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Contents 15 0 R >> endobj 15 0 obj << /Length 8551 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(newspapers. The papers became synonymous with political literature in nationalist Ireland. According to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Alan J. Lee, )] TJ ET BT 95.000 782.213 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The Origins of the Popular Press)] TJ ET BT 254.672 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(1976\), the number of newspapers and periodicals rose from )] TJ ET BT 34.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(109 in 1853 to 230 in 1913. In the earlier Victorian period , as we might suspect, the Dublin based )] TJ ET BT 34.016 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(newspapers, especially )] TJ ET BT 146.984 753.701 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The Nation)] TJ ET BT 200.660 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( became the leading voices of nationalist opinions though they had a small )] TJ ET BT 34.016 739.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(influence on the provinces lacking the specialised local knowledge of such editors as James Daly of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 725.189 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The Connaught Telegraph)] TJ ET BT 160.688 725.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, or Tim Harrington of the )] TJ ET BT 289.004 725.189 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Kerry Sentinel)] TJ ET BT 358.664 725.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(. These able and talented journalists to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 710.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(mention but two had much to write about in the heady years of 1879-1881 when major political events )] TJ ET BT 34.016 696.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(impinged immediately on the rural population even unto the remote western seaboard. For a more )] TJ ET BT 34.016 682.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(specialised treatment of press influence on land agitation in the decade 1870-1880 the reader will find E.D. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 668.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Steele, )] TJ ET BT 69.344 668.165 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Irish land and British Politics: Tenant Right and Nationality)] TJ ET BT 360.044 668.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(Cambridge, 1974\) more authoritative )] TJ ET BT 34.016 653.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(on that aspect than the present work. However, as Dr Legg points out little serious work has been done on )] TJ ET BT 34.016 639.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the role of the Irish provincial press in the nineteenth century - indeed, her select bibliography on that )] TJ ET BT 34.016 625.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(century tells its own tale of neglect. Too frequently Irish papers are a quarry for quotation by politicians and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 611.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(their latter day historians.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 584.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Having read every word of this work- I can honestly say that she fulfils her aim of providing the basis for )] TJ ET BT 34.016 570.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(further work since she has identified many of the )] TJ ET BT 272.300 570.629 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(dramatis personae)] TJ ET BT 361.964 570.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( examined the statistics of individual )] TJ ET BT 34.016 556.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(newspapers, the issues, not to mention the persecution , they faced and their impact in creating political )] TJ ET BT 34.016 542.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(power bases and helping to forge a new 'self -image of Ireland in the next century'. However, the critic may )] TJ ET BT 34.016 527.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(well ask if all the )] TJ ET BT 119.672 527.861 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(blague)] TJ ET BT 152.336 527.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( and blather of so many editorials and correspondence really had all that much effect )] TJ ET BT 34.016 513.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(on the politics and voting habits of a restricted electorate. Indeed, it was a long haul to mobilise public )] TJ ET BT 34.016 499.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(opinion behind change and reform particularly as the people's members of parliament at Westminster )] TJ ET BT 34.016 485.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(appeared to be always letting them down. Nevertheless, the analytical work in 17 clear and authoritative )] TJ ET BT 34.016 470.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Tables and a 45 page Appendix 'Irish Provincial Newspapers in print, 1850-92' are indicative of thorough )] TJ ET BT 34.016 456.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(research and will obviously make the task of the future historian of the Irish provincial press an easier one. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 442.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Again, the Appendix is no mere list but gives details of the life-span of the papers, their circulation, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 428.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(proprietorships, printers and advocacy.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 401.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The book is classically structured into three parts- with four chapters in each part-: 'The Moral Nation 1850-)] TJ ET BT 34.016 387.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(1865'; 'The Emergent Nation 1866-1879' and 'The Militant Nation, 1880-1892' and well written in a style )] TJ ET BT 34.016 373.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(devoid of jargon and, not without humour, which is rare in an academic monograph. Each section devotes a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 359.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(complete chapter to the newspaper business whereby focusing on the evidence of the directories, business )] TJ ET BT 34.016 344.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(records, the correspondence of proprietors and editors we are given valuable insights into the survivors and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 330.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(new arrivals among a remarkable spate of provincial newspapers making it difficult to avoid the conclusion )] TJ ET BT 34.016 316.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(that Victorian Ireland was a nation of newspaper readers. The present reviewer was pleasantly surprised to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 302.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(find the order and account books of D.Wynne, Newsagent, photographer, souvenirs and Circulating Library, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 287.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Main Street, Castlebar ,Co.Mayo much used to illustrate the reading of one west of Ireland town during the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 273.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(height of the Land War. Though Wynne's still sell newspapers and magazines, clients in the 1890s and the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 259.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(habitus of Castlebar's reading rooms, would hardly recognise the modern county capital of Mayo. In the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 244.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(1890s the population of the town was artificially increased by army detachments in barracks and the trade )] TJ ET BT 34.016 230.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(brought by tourism after the apparitions at Knock in August 1879. The interdependence of the small farmers, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 216.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(95% of the Mayo farming community, and the town's traders made for a social elite which came into conflict )] TJ ET BT 34.016 202.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(with the landlords and the clergy. Surprisingly there is no mention of the Maumtrasna murders in the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 187.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(locality, gruesome events which sparked off so much in the Land War and may have had an influence on )] TJ ET BT 34.016 173.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Gladstone's introduction of a Second and Third Home Rule Bills. However, on the social level it is )] TJ ET BT 34.016 159.461 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(fascinating to find out what the various groups of Wynne's customers, gentry, army, clergy, professional and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 145.205 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(small farmers read - )] TJ ET BT 133.316 145.205 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The Freeman's Journal)] TJ ET BT 245.204 145.205 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, the diet of doctors, solicitors, and engineers, )] TJ ET BT 466.508 145.205 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The Irish Times)] TJ ET BT 541.844 145.205 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 130.949 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and )] TJ ET BT 54.344 130.949 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(London Times)] TJ ET BT 122.684 130.949 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( the staple of the army officers, the R.I. C. and the minor gentry and Protestant clergy. The )] TJ ET BT 34.016 116.693 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Catholic priests took )] TJ ET BT 136.352 116.693 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The Freeman's Journal, United Ireland, The Mayo Examiner)] TJ ET BT 429.212 116.693 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( and one priest subscribed )] TJ ET BT 34.016 102.437 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(to )] TJ ET BT 46.352 102.437 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The Nation)] TJ ET BT 100.028 102.437 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 76.181 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Of the specifically local press, )] TJ ET BT 182.648 76.181 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The Mayo Examiner, The Connaught Telegraph, The Western People,)] TJ ET BT 518.948 76.181 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 61.925 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The Cork Constitution)] TJ ET BT 141.368 61.925 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( were patronised by the army and the clergy; and, from the evidence of Dublin Castle \( )] TJ ET endstream endobj 16 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 18 0 R ] /Contents 17 0 R >> endobj 17 0 obj << /Length 5095 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Tables 12, and 14 \) which kept a keen surveillance on the local press throughout the country, about 300 )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(small farmers, artisans, and shopkeepers took )] TJ ET BT 255.308 782.213 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The Connaught Telegraph)] TJ ET BT 381.980 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(. The case study 'Gaelic nationalism: )] TJ ET BT 34.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Martin O'Brennan and the )] TJ ET BT 162.152 767.957 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Connaught Patriot)] TJ ET BT 252.500 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( is of great interest to show how Gaelic history was raided for a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(vast range of political aims especially as Brennan was central in the Fenian movement. His paper railed )] TJ ET BT 34.016 739.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(against 'the great neglect of a knowledge of Irish History, in comparison with the histories of every other )] TJ ET BT 34.016 725.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(people on the globe' \( p.97\) Brennan's paper continued the work of Thomas Davis in )] TJ ET BT 442.268 725.189 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The Nation)] TJ ET BT 495.944 725.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( and in that )] TJ ET BT 34.016 710.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(sense the )] TJ ET BT 80.672 710.933 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Connaught Patriot)] TJ ET BT 171.020 710.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( was no mere local west of Ireland paper; the teaching of history and the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 696.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(fostering of Irish nationalism, though nowadays a well ploughed furrow, was then of more immediately )] TJ ET BT 34.016 682.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(relevant. Brennan's )] TJ ET BT 129.152 682.421 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Plea for the Evicted tenants of Mayo)] TJ ET BT 305.132 682.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( written at the height of the Land War and sent to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 668.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Gladstone is in effect an historical tract. Despite all the hype then on race and language it is surprising to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 653.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(read that before 1870 apart from the Gaelic language column in Nation and another column in )] TJ ET BT 488.588 653.909 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The Tuam )] TJ ET BT 34.016 639.653 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(News)] TJ ET BT 60.020 639.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( and, in the final years of the century, )] TJ ET BT 242.312 639.653 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The Cashel Gazette)] TJ ET BT 336.308 639.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, there was no provincial newspaper printed )] TJ ET BT 34.016 625.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(solely in the Gaelic language.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 599.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(On a personal note, I was disappointed not to find a mention of the scribal and antiquarian contributions )] TJ ET BT 34.016 584.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(made by my maternal great-grandfather, James Coyle, to the work of the Society for the Preservation of the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 570.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Irish Language, the Gaelic Union, and the Gaelic League in the 1880s and 1890s. The other case study )] TJ ET BT 34.016 556.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(which nicely balances Brennan's is the attention given William Johnston and his )] TJ ET BT 422.144 556.373 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Downshire Protestant)] TJ ET BT 527.816 556.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( - an )] TJ ET BT 34.016 542.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(organ of the Orange faction - and whose radical populism was well ahead of his time. The celebrated and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 527.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(thoroughly unionist )] TJ ET BT 131.360 527.861 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Belfast News-Letter)] TJ ET BT 226.364 527.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, still going strongly and very recently bought by Antony O'Reilly ,a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 513.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Republic of Ireland businessman, dubbed Johnston, 'a rural buffoon'. His prosecution and imprisonment for )] TJ ET BT 34.016 499.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(taking part in a march forbidden by the Party Procession Act in 1868 - has a decidedly 20th century Northern )] TJ ET BT 34.016 485.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Ireland touch about it. Indeed the past into present theme which runs throughout Dr Marie-Louise Legg's )] TJ ET BT 34.016 470.837 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Newspapers and Nationalism- the Irish Provincial Press 1850-1892)] TJ ET BT 361.016 470.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( is an important and enchanting aspect of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 456.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(her work which must be essential reading for future studies in the subject.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 430.325 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Other reviews:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 416.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([2])] TJ ET 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.391 411.343 526.499 1.500 re S BT 34.016 393.563 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Source URL:)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 104.672 393.563 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/review/122)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 104.672 392.169 m 322.316 392.169 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 367.192 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Links:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 352.792 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([1] http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/item/717)] TJ ET BT 34.016 338.392 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([2] http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews)] TJ ET endstream endobj 18 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 19 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 104.6717 392.4835 322.3157 404.3635 ] >> endobj 19 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/review/122) >> endobj xref 0 20 0000000000 65535 f 0000000008 00000 n 0000000073 00000 n 0000000119 00000 n 0000000335 00000 n 0000000372 00000 n 0000000561 00000 n 0000000643 00000 n 0000005258 00000 n 0000005367 00000 n 0000005477 00000 n 0000005586 00000 n 0000009147 00000 n 0000009275 00000 n 0000009359 00000 n 0000009424 00000 n 0000018028 00000 n 0000018112 00000 n 0000023260 00000 n 0000023388 00000 n trailer << /Size 20 /Root 1 0 R /Info 5 0 R >> startxref 23483 %%EOF