%PDF-1.3 1 0 obj << /Type /Catalog /Outlines 2 0 R /Pages 3 0 R >> endobj 2 0 obj << /Type /Outlines /Count 0 >> endobj 3 0 obj << /Type /Pages /Kids [6 0 R 14 0 R 16 0 R 18 0 R 23 0 R ] /Count 5 /Resources << /ProcSet 4 0 R /Font << /F1 8 0 R /F2 9 0 R /F3 10 0 R >> /XObject << /I1 11 0 R >> >> /MediaBox [0.000 0.000 595.280 841.890] >> endobj 4 0 obj [/PDF /Text /ImageC ] endobj 5 0 obj << /Creator (DOMPDF) /CreationDate (D:20140417104134+01'00') /ModDate (D:20140417104134+01'00') /Title (The Future of History) >> endobj 6 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 12 0 R ] /Contents 7 0 R >> endobj 7 0 obj << /Length 4221 >> stream q 381.750 0 0 120.000 34.016 687.874 cm /I1 Do Q 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Published on )] TJ ET BT 99.356 676.469 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Reviews in History)] TJ ET BT 190.016 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \()] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 197.012 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 197.012 675.075 m 357.332 675.075 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 357.332 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\))] TJ ET 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.391 653.743 526.499 1.500 re S BT 34.016 615.321 Td /F3 18.0 Tf [(The Future of History)] TJ ET BT 34.016 287.579 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(In )] TJ ET BT 47.012 287.579 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The Future of History)] TJ ET BT 152.012 287.579 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( Alan Munslow tackles the big problem facing historians in the 21st century, the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 273.323 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(problem of whether history as we know it has a future and, if not, what historians should do about that. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 259.067 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Munslow sees the main problem as methodological and, while this book does not solve that problem, it )] TJ ET BT 34.016 244.811 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(makes it inescapable, and provides a rare opportunity for historians to advance their understanding of where )] TJ ET BT 34.016 230.555 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(their profession stands going forward into the new century. The limitations of Munslow?s argument stem, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 216.299 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(for me, from the fact that he does not sufficiently engage with the problem of language, and thus misses a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 202.043 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(key to methodological breakthrough. However Munslow presents a good case for his view that historians )] TJ ET BT 34.016 187.787 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(need to work much more experimentally, if they are ever going to produce real change of the kind that might )] TJ ET BT 34.016 173.531 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(save historical explanation from its current self.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 147.275 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The book?s two parts \(neither is titled\) correspond roughly with the central division between critique and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 133.019 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(response. In each part discussion might be said to radiate rather than develop among several related topics, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 118.763 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(each of which functions as a continuing theme in each part. Five chapters in part one discuss aspects of the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 104.507 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(problem ? the challenge to history as we know it ? a challenge ?emanating from scepticism? and its )] TJ ET BT 34.016 90.251 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(offshoots, ?relativism?, ?irony?, and ?interventionist authorialisms?. Six chapters in part two treat aspects of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 75.995 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the response to that challenge, attempting to present an ?experimental and expressionist? view of history that )] TJ ET BT 34.016 61.739 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(responds to the critique and offers historians a continuing vocation. Munslow thoughtfully provides an )] TJ ET BT 34.016 584.699 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Review Number:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 570.443 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(1220)] TJ ET BT 34.016 556.187 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publish date:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 541.931 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Thursday, 8 March, 2012)] TJ ET BT 34.016 527.675 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Author:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 513.419 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Alun Munslow)] TJ ET BT 34.016 499.163 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(ISBN:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 484.907 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(9780230232419)] TJ ET BT 34.016 470.651 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Date of Publication:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 456.395 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(2010)] TJ ET BT 34.016 442.139 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Price:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 427.883 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(65.00)] TJ ET BT 34.016 413.627 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Pages:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 399.371 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(312pp.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 385.115 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publisher:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 370.859 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Palgrave Macmillan)] TJ ET BT 34.016 356.603 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Place of Publication:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 342.347 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Basingstoke)] TJ ET BT 34.016 328.091 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Reviewer:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 313.835 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Elizabeth Deeds Ermarth)] TJ ET endstream endobj 8 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F1 /BaseFont /Times-Roman /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 9 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F2 /BaseFont /Times-Italic /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 10 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F3 /BaseFont /Times-Bold /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 11 0 obj << /Type /XObject /Subtype /Image /Width 509 /Height 160 /Filter /FlateDecode /DecodeParms << /Predictor 15 /Colors 3 /Columns 509 /BitsPerComponent 8>> /Mask [ 255 255 255 255 255 255 ] /ColorSpace /DeviceRGB /BitsPerComponent 8 /Length 3280>> stream x[EQ㎦fVttҒ +3O{?lGDQԯDrB^.ϯ%~'0۠/2>0AG_>0j0GCfE67>rB^}@  !&y+r?INp:erc b8f=rQC!~-Wf^^zF[)G 2ޯe7V_Go3Ke GEGOo8rώ#\1ZY~N6^H}yLxS-!:412V+u\-LSO?xVvZ|GjǮT_8EYJF=Tw^ 7GxfN/S:Ʌ~ʟtt?5n÷J'JcF-GVξx{rO~tJd;#a\7}|~y'>}c2C vR}f׈**h.)_&@pfzjsx:5;S\vKhM5j=!Cn+h"u]a EUN]jn=k<,:Ք>sU!ni~6EJ)¦72?G}[y}_vc$t?iSܟ2Zݞ,VN?_`='RFK1A2qv&X_lLRWY'%:I㢖zb_UEx\>&ɆBˏ~K@ \gYØU4}$8Dv!'Q'*+Εj(UCGo[#< 2Ja(sZi9fZKE Rn`u\9r^Zmɯ׹}mstO4uc~#'jEvۼ Dx[z ޏQ4KL5,5u3>i^uÒ-53ba ~,~/pyt1fMU'CVm:qv~=Y'Es"WsφG?l_kN5}],Ow7 uh`xƫ?zMl7ٻv$A(4Dl(wwH} ?=[=S;yC]^BK>㕪9`Z'Wj;E|:bf>kCԘ#RY,iv쵗~}n'"1u" *uO΄/2^Sxr(!/DD\~mJyZ!MmrA!#u[if|99WB WΡpp}w}sh#,\ &:%˳X?D3 %W0cC?o̲^} F3XLVn]Cߖiϧ!7}yZJ#P7]=)7Ρp;>> Ye^xx{Oafw{ ;>4gfLt ʊ:q%#r/)pv!O4wGh|dS ӣݽހ-gVUC'pBxrB^} 7JA^} /'8!`:r?}}],X  }6y!`/~Br?}Q< >k7vx"] ,' .3jn{-i}|~%-};b6#U)7繎kiEw 㤳:E}[޼c"rꬊ7Dc$~"/Y&zSd:tFȌCrʙ`7u .#[-<)j ?TGS(j~oTup(hjU4PlJ=}|it.ҽ@\wʨuXÞZcx18Wo<~ikOg,ވ\^?EneyZcc0[R١z|zv7_m:_n]a?osS3~j^ hD.a_X'KfBX6w wݶ"Oa:,bvhrWH[uCF-Xfc}>x+Rz)2N-B 7y^٨;[/vg? | |2Sve}=o䑰j[vWjF0{굦?VI~}xM(_TlG__+]:#к?S} c>GŸD7 !w{S{B =x7a?oE#)+Gz:o_4Q<;n?\tt7?mGCџQGu4kņOF>F?#} hP&ђߴM#u!.СtL2^#o nIk_i.~7tr@n 1P~3?.[]=S5b߮~Yo^HFH YBi8a4iom>CKgMy*;?zqEӕ` >zB9iFzC?XF?ޟIܰ펉A}{I5ᄊx%ez#Mp@rߎpi]IOVjzuJt\۰f׺u5><,J~PTJp1)}){9N {!`/> endstream endobj 12 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 13 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 197.0117 675.3895 357.3317 687.2695 ] >> endobj 13 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews) >> endobj 14 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Contents 15 0 R >> endobj 15 0 obj << /Length 7309 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(introduction and summary at the beginning and end of the book, and he similarly bookends each chapter. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Munslow has taken on a huge topic, one with many subplots, and readers no matter how prepared will need )] TJ ET BT 34.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(to consult the thesis statement more than once in each section.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 741.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The problem for historians, Munslow rightly maintains, begins with the truth claims implicit in their method. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 727.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(As others including me have argued, those truth claims are based on a representational model of knowledge )] TJ ET BT 34.016 713.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and perception that is itself in question; and here is where Munslow?s choice of materials exerts a powerful )] TJ ET BT 34.016 698.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(influence. Like so many in English-speaking cultures, especially the UK and North America, Munslow has )] TJ ET BT 34.016 684.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(decided not to feature the contributions to this critique of representation by philosophical writing in French, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 670.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(especially that by Foucault and other heirs of Saussure. So although these sources are occasionally )] TJ ET BT 34.016 656.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(discussed, the essential critique from linguistics does not really inform the argument. This is quite )] TJ ET BT 34.016 641.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(understandable given the unnecessary opacity of so many of those writings: unnecessary at least to the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 627.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(English speaking heirs of King James. But the heirs of Saussure nevertheless provide an antidote to the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 613.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(deeply rooted empiricism of Anglo-American culture and even to the instrumentalist version of the English )] TJ ET BT 34.016 599.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(language now used across the range of practice from economics to art.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 572.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Each chapter deals with a central topic or cluster of topics in ways that overlap with the discussion of other )] TJ ET BT 34.016 558.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(topics in other chapters; taken together they explore aspects of the central problem. This in itself is a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 544.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(methodological choice, even commitment, which is worth noting because it avoids the format of the kind of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 530.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(truth-seeking approaches that define the central problem. If history is literature, and that case has been made )] TJ ET BT 34.016 515.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(in unanswerable ways, then this thematic development format resembles a key device which, I have argued, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 501.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(characterizes the best writers of the 20th century: writers who, unfortunately but tellingly, originate mainly )] TJ ET BT 34.016 487.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(inRomance languages, not English: narrative that uses thematic development precisely to thwart the too-)] TJ ET BT 34.016 473.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(familiar language of ?truth-seeking?.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 446.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Munslow begins \(chapter two\) by summarizing the key assumptions of historians who conduct business as )] TJ ET BT 34.016 432.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(usual when it comes to historical explanation. Foremost among these assumptions is the historian?s faith that )] TJ ET BT 34.016 418.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(what his or her narrative presents is the truth, or as close an approximation to truth as is humanly possible to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 404.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(achieve: that, in short, historians are scientists \(this is not Munslow?s term\) using a scientific method in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 389.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(which evidence is gathered, mutually informative measurements are taken, and reliable knowledge is )] TJ ET BT 34.016 375.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(achieved. Munslow sees the main critique of this approach coming from a ?scepticism? \(chapter three\) that )] TJ ET BT 34.016 361.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(has been born in response to the horrors of our times. The broad field invoked by even these relatively )] TJ ET BT 34.016 347.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(unproblematic observations indicates both the value and limitation of Munslow?s chosen methods. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 332.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Observing a wide field is essential for historians if they are to understand the challenges to their enterprise )] TJ ET BT 34.016 318.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(sufficiently to respond to them creatively; on the other hand a wide field can pre-empt to some extent )] TJ ET BT 34.016 304.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(productive exchange among those who establish themselves as specialists and thus regard wide-ranging )] TJ ET BT 34.016 290.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(experiment with method and material with suspicion or even blank fear.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 263.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Problems of definition are legion in any discussion of such large topics. I want to mention one here, the use )] TJ ET BT 34.016 249.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of the term ?relativism? as one of several sub-engines for our scepticism concerning truth-telling. Use of the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 235.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(term ?relativism? is widespread in the book so it is worth mentioning that relativism is the core value of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 220.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(conventional historical writing, not part of the challenge to it. Historical writing exists as the solution to the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 206.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(problem posed by relative measurement, and it does so using a method that has its roots in the early sources )] TJ ET BT 34.016 192.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of empiricism, even though the historical convention as we know it today took centuries to unfold from )] TJ ET BT 34.016 178.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(those roots. So while scepticism, as Munslow defines it, may be at the heart of the critique, ?relativism? )] TJ ET BT 34.016 163.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(undermines the argument. It is precisely such founding definitions as this that are in question and require )] TJ ET BT 34.016 149.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(discussion.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 123.461 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Munslow offers irony as a narrative strategy that operates close to the heart of the challenge to history )] TJ ET BT 34.016 109.205 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(chapters four and five\). Irony is a double narrative strategy, ?both thesis and anti-thesis?, that requires )] TJ ET BT 34.016 94.949 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(historians to deal with the fact of fabrication in historical writing. Ironic doubleness interferes with the truth-)] TJ ET BT 34.016 80.693 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(seeking effort of conventional history. But these are literary terms, and Munslow?s are somewhat different, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 66.437 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(beginning with the four ?main tropes? of Hayden White?s argument in )] TJ ET BT 376.292 66.437 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Metahistory)] TJ ET BT 434.288 66.437 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( that ground his argument )] TJ ET BT 34.016 52.181 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(about the literariness of historical narratives. And if history is literature it is invention, and not the sheer )] TJ ET endstream endobj 16 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Contents 17 0 R >> endobj 17 0 obj << /Length 7677 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(observation that the historian / narrator implies. Munslow does not underestimate the difficulty, and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(concludes part one with the caution that we should read historians through their assumptions. But that of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(course is the problem; who knows what assumptions are imported from the many possible sources into one?s )] TJ ET BT 34.016 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(conduct, not to mention one?s writing? If one managed to avoid merely talking about oneself, how would )] TJ ET BT 34.016 739.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(stating assumptions change how history is written? I can imagine an assumption prologue followed by an )] TJ ET BT 34.016 725.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(entirely conventional piece of historical writing. Munslow suggests that these problems can only be )] TJ ET BT 34.016 710.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(approached by a ?self-conscious duty of epistemic discontent? which is an elegant phrase to keep in mind as )] TJ ET BT 34.016 696.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(a guide to methodological innovation.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 670.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(One final point about doing something really new. One cannot re-invent a language, nor even a discipline, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 656.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(single-handed. I?d extend Munslow?s ?epistemic discontent? to include ?methodological discontent? as a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 641.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(guide for historians interested in being creative. In Munslow?s method, I find so many four-fold distinctions )] TJ ET BT 34.016 627.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(that I feel I?m reading Aristotle as channelled by Northrop Frye or Wayne Booth: four modes of scepticism )] TJ ET BT 34.016 613.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(pp. 4, 40\), four kinds of irony \(pp. 78, 83\), four figures of speech \(p. 80\), four modes of historical )] TJ ET BT 34.016 599.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(scepticism \(p. 89\) ? this is a kind of classification that seems at odds with the main argument about how )] TJ ET BT 34.016 584.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(irony undermines truth-seeking. The same could be said of any method, and having a method is not a crime. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 570.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(But discontent may not be enough to precipitate something new. As Foucault said, it is very hard to say )] TJ ET BT 34.016 556.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(something new; that is because language is radioactive with long-engrained usages which so easily slip from )] TJ ET BT 34.016 542.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(notice. That is what I take to be the main import of the phrase, so objectionable to so many, that ?language )] TJ ET BT 34.016 527.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(speaks us?. Munslow does important work making such issues evident, maybe even making ?discontent? )] TJ ET BT 34.016 513.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(seem necessary but insufficient to the effort of rescuing History from itself.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 487.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The burden of part two generally is to propose ways in which the challenge to historical method can be used )] TJ ET BT 34.016 473.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(to discover new ways of ?doing? history. At this juncture it becomes very important how the problem has )] TJ ET BT 34.016 458.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(been defined in part one. If the problem is one of epistemic discontent then discontent can be managed, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 444.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(perhaps even used, to rescue key terms like ?history? or ?self? or ?responsibility? ? all terms important in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 430.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Munslow?s argument. However, if the problem were, say, )] TJ ET BT 315.956 430.325 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(epistemic trauma)] TJ ET BT 398.948 430.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( or worse, epistemic catastrophe, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 416.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(a stronger response and more radical solutions might be called for, solutions such as giving up ?story? )] TJ ET BT 34.016 401.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(altogether in favor of various methodological innovations including the kind of thematic rather than )] TJ ET BT 34.016 387.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(logistical development evident in Munslow?s argument.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 361.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Instead of proposing something new and shelving conventional historical explanation altogether, Munslow )] TJ ET BT 34.016 347.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(opts for various ways of modifying present practice. He deals first with the ?responsibility? of historians to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 332.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(bring their ?ethical, moral, political and ideological values? \(p. 123\) into their histories such that the product )] TJ ET BT 34.016 318.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(is ?history artwork? done by an ?expressionist historian?. This historian imagines moving beyond competing )] TJ ET BT 34.016 304.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(visions of ?the past? to arrive at some aesthetic and ethical basis for writing that might promise new method )] TJ ET BT 34.016 290.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and format. These ideas come in a relatively short section \(chapter six\) where he briefly mentions Derrida )] TJ ET BT 34.016 275.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and other philosophers seeking similar emancipation from fixed assumptions and methods. The radical )] TJ ET BT 34.016 261.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(potential is glimpsed but, as already mentioned, Munslow chooses not to go there and he moves on instead )] TJ ET BT 34.016 247.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(to the relation of history and aesthetics, and the relation of epistemology and aesthetics \(chapter seven\), and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 232.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(thus back into the familiar language of agency and of projective, comparative outcomes. When Hayden )] TJ ET BT 34.016 218.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(White raised the issue of aesthetics he was making a kind of discipline-bending move, something still )] TJ ET BT 34.016 204.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(tragically rare in North American universities despite lip service to ?inter/trans/multi-disciplinary? work. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 190.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Munslow does not choose this direction but turns instead to authorship, a more discipline-reinforcing move )] TJ ET BT 34.016 175.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(chapter eight\). He argues that his ?reasoning requires the reinstating, rehabilitation and understanding of the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 161.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(self, standpoint and subjectivity within the figure of the author-historian? \(p. 148\). It may be that these terms )] TJ ET BT 34.016 147.461 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(are adequate to describe a change with quite profound implications, though I suspect they are too invested in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 133.205 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the wrong portfolio \(the one being challenged\) to do the work Munslow assigns to them. And the specialist )] TJ ET BT 34.016 118.949 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(invoked to carry the case, Gerard Genette, does not reassure me on this point. To say that such ?artwork? )] TJ ET BT 34.016 104.693 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(historians can make no truth claims seems only to repeat the problem outlined in part one, but not point )] TJ ET BT 34.016 90.437 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(toward new practice. It may even be untrue to say, as Munslow does, that ?the emplotted history does not )] TJ ET BT 34.016 76.181 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(pre-exist in the past? but has to be ?)] TJ ET BT 205.988 76.181 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(turned)] TJ ET BT 237.320 76.181 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(by telling\)? into a story \(p. 155\): not true in the sense that, like )] TJ ET BT 34.016 61.925 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(White?s tropes, Munslow?s ?stories? do pre-exist the yet-to-be-written history and limit its possibilities. )] TJ ET endstream endobj 18 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 21 0 R ] /Contents 19 0 R >> endobj 19 0 obj << /Length 8079 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Borges describes a hero who dies, never knowing that he died so that a particular story could repeat itself. In )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(that way, and as Saussure?s heirs know, those tropes and plot-potentials do pre-exist what we, through story, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(create as ?the past?. Unearthing those tropes would be one way of meeting the challenge for historians to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(make their assumptions clear, though it involves a degree of methodological self-awareness that historians )] TJ ET BT 34.016 739.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(do not seem willing or able to encompass. Munslow does experiment with new concepts in suggestive ways. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 725.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(For example, in the section on ?Authorship and story space? \(p. 154\), I wonder if the idea of ?story space? )] TJ ET BT 34.016 710.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(might resemble in spatial terms the concept of finite time that I have pursued and, if so, whether together )] TJ ET BT 34.016 696.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(they suggest an important new way of conceptualizing time and space that does not invoke what I call the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 682.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(?media of modernity, neutral time and space?. The discussion does not go in that direction in this book and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 668.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(for the kinds of reasons already mentioned, but I think that would be a way to thwart habitual usage and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 653.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(achieve methodological innovation.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 627.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(As many others have done, Munslow argues that the very idea of a recoverable past depends upon a concept )] TJ ET BT 34.016 613.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of representation and that history claims to be a representation of reality. This challenge to representational )] TJ ET BT 34.016 599.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(systems discussed by Foucault and Derrida \(but also by theorists that Munslow would call ?literary?\) offers )] TJ ET BT 34.016 584.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(some tools of thought for considering the foundational challenge to history. Munslow then turns to a literary )] TJ ET BT 34.016 570.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(point concerning the primacy of ?Form before content? \(chapter nine\). This arguably has been a mainstay of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 556.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(literary theory for a raft of 20th?century literary critics who continued to insist on this distinction until the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 542.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(critique of representation \(it was already underway in the 19th century\) finally reached them. For the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 527.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(advanced critique of conventional historical explanation, it is a distinction without a difference. In the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 513.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(interest of full disclosure I should confess to having worked extensively on this issue; my prejudices can be )] TJ ET BT 34.016 499.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(found in )] TJ ET BT 77.348 499.349 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Sequel to History: Postmodernism and the Crisis of Representational Time)] TJ ET BT 437.012 499.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, )] TJ ET BT 443.012 499.349 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(History in the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 485.093 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Discursive Condition: Reconsidering the Tools of Thought)] TJ ET BT 315.356 485.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( and )] TJ ET BT 338.684 485.093 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Realism and Consensus)] TJ ET BT 452.684 485.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(on the evolution and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 470.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(many paradoxes of English narrative from Homer to Henry James, where both representation and history )] TJ ET BT 34.016 456.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(appear as forms of consensus\).)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 181.640 456.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(1\))] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 181.640 455.187 m 195.632 455.187 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 195.632 456.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( Munslow at his best does suggest that what history communicates is not )] TJ ET BT 34.016 442.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(separate from its form; I would go further and say, its form )] TJ ET BT 320.300 442.325 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(is)] TJ ET BT 328.304 442.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( what history communicates including all its )] TJ ET BT 34.016 428.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(commitments to developmental causality, stable identities, truth telling and the rest of it. Finding the right )] TJ ET BT 34.016 413.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(language is the trick, and for me the dualistic separation of form and content in itself reinstates the very )] TJ ET BT 34.016 399.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(representational move that Munslow is challenging: another example of the sneaky way systems of meaning )] TJ ET BT 34.016 385.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and value have of reasserting themselves. Renewal of history is not possible using representational )] TJ ET BT 34.016 371.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(instruments because they are the problem.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 344.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Munslow concludes his argument with two chapters on ?experimental? and ?expressionist? history \(chapters )] TJ ET BT 34.016 330.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(ten and 11\), each offered as a way to conceptualize new modes of history as responses to the ?epistemic )] TJ ET BT 34.016 316.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(impasse? he has outlined in so many different ways. Munslow does leave the terms to define themselves in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 302.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(terms of history rather than taking the quixotic path of proposing a way to overcome it. Acknowledging the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 287.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(problem is the first step; and part of that first step is paying attention to the value-laden qualities of historical )] TJ ET BT 34.016 273.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(writing. There will be more steps, but not until we have begun with the necessary first one. Where does that )] TJ ET BT 34.016 259.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(leave us? In the in-between, a fine and famously French place to be, and perhaps one safer than most from )] TJ ET BT 34.016 244.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(positivist impingement. Munslow looks forward to exploration of what expressionist history or ?artwork )] TJ ET BT 34.016 230.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(history? might be, which are more like mental preparation for new explanation than a presentation of the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 216.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(new explanation itself for which the necessary experimentation has not taken place. I like the idea of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 202.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(expressionist history, and understand how the term moves beyond representation in painting. Munslow )] TJ ET BT 34.016 187.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(describes his interim position as a kind of super scepticism and recommends ?addressing the effect of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 173.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [("pastness" on the historian and her or his understanding and personal engagement? \(p. 183\). As Munslow )] TJ ET BT 34.016 159.461 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(readily admits, his few examples amount at most to a ?minority sport? \(p. 200\). This suggests to me that )] TJ ET BT 34.016 145.205 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(collective action is required. Perhaps we need a Kingsley Amis Comedy Club for recovering historians. In )] TJ ET BT 34.016 130.949 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(any case, the change needed is change in an entire language, an entire discursive system; nobody can do that )] TJ ET BT 34.016 116.693 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(single-handed.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 90.437 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(In the long term the choice Munslow offers is between history and history with a difference )] TJ ET BT 34.016 76.181 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(acknowledgment of personal engagement\). He says quite plainly that ?there is no epistemic evolution to be )] TJ ET BT 34.016 61.925 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(traced )] TJ ET BT 66.332 61.925 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(within)] TJ ET BT 96.344 61.925 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( the conventional understanding of history? \(p. 203\) but he still writes as if conventional history )] TJ ET endstream endobj 20 0 obj [18 0 R /Fit] endobj 21 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 22 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 181.6397 455.5015 195.6317 467.3815 ] >> endobj 22 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 23 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 25 0 R 27 0 R ] /Contents 24 0 R >> endobj 24 0 obj << /Length 7284 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(can function positively if it is hedged around with personal qualifiers. I?m interested in the long-term choice )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and in the likelihood that, because history?s fate will be decided long term, it will simply be trivialized to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(death without anyone having to trouble their representational slumbers with critique. To me the choice for )] TJ ET BT 34.016 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the long term may be either to keep fingers in the dike until the \(small\) repair crew arrives to restore )] TJ ET BT 34.016 739.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(business as usual, or to let go completely of the culture of historical explanation rooted in early modernity, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 725.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(including the values \(neutrality, objectivity\) that have given us the mixed blessings of modern science )] TJ ET BT 34.016 710.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(penicillin, compound interest\). With all the talk about whether historians should do this or that, we speak as )] TJ ET BT 34.016 696.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(if method were a consumer item: as if historians make deliberate choices when they write and are always on )] TJ ET BT 34.016 682.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the lookout for the best, or a new or an acceptable method. But in fact historians have very little to say and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 668.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(perhaps know very little about their own methods either explicitly or by experimental example and whole )] TJ ET BT 34.016 653.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(herds of them appear to take offence if anyone else takes on the job. At present the established method for )] TJ ET BT 34.016 639.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(historians ?of a particular kind? is holding back whatever good might once have come of historical )] TJ ET BT 34.016 625.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(awareness when, in and after the Enlightenment, social upheaval gave history of ?a particular kind? its )] TJ ET BT 34.016 611.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(opportunity.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 584.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The threshold to something really new and engaging, something with real not ritual value, might come into )] TJ ET BT 34.016 570.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(existence when historians finally realize that they already inhabit the systems that will lead in new )] TJ ET BT 34.016 556.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(directions, and that the only real choice lies between trying to fathom these yet-untried tools of thought, and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 542.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(sticking to business as usual and continuing to mislead future generations. But if ?artwork history? is a key )] TJ ET BT 34.016 527.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(to the way forward, as a practicing historian I long for an example of what, exactly, constitutes the ?new?. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 513.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Like most of the people you meet in the grocery store or on the underground I am a practicing historian: )] TJ ET BT 34.016 499.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(practice is at stake. History is not an academic preserve; it is the mental system by which most of us explain )] TJ ET BT 34.016 485.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(things to ourselves, and as such, its fate ?including botched attempts to resurrect it? has cultural importance )] TJ ET BT 34.016 470.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(well beyond academic exercise. History has been the last great expression of modernity, a culture by now )] TJ ET BT 34.016 456.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(half a millennium old and in need of renewal or, failing that, respectful burial.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 430.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(It has been said that 19th?century intellectual historians were good at producing volume one but pretty bad )] TJ ET BT 34.016 416.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(at producing volume two. Munslow does a great deal better than that, but he does in the end face the volume )] TJ ET BT 34.016 401.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(two problem, something his ?conclusion? recognizes. He invokes the ?experimental? historian whose value-)] TJ ET BT 34.016 387.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(investments will either be explicit in his or her writing or will be discernable by readers \(p. 218\) but for )] TJ ET BT 34.016 373.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(anyone willing to )] TJ ET BT 121.016 373.301 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(be)] TJ ET BT 132.344 373.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( an experimental historian more is needed in the way of experimental modelling. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 359.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Experiment requires a collective effort to move investigation beyond abstraction. It is worth noting that )] TJ ET BT 34.016 344.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Munslow?s own best writing here most approximates his language in an interview published in )] TJ ET BT 493.976 344.789 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Rethinking )] TJ ET BT 34.016 330.533 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(History)] TJ ET BT 70.016 330.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( where his voice is clear and where his comments are generated in response to questions from his )] TJ ET BT 34.016 316.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(interlocutor, Keith Jenkins. The voice of the historian sitting at home in his office, as Kingsley Amis so )] TJ ET BT 34.016 302.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(brilliantly caricatured it in )] TJ ET BT 162.668 302.021 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Lucky Jim)] TJ ET BT 211.652 302.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, is the Voice of Authority \(?History, Speaking? says the Department )] TJ ET BT 34.016 287.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Chairman as he picks up the ringing telephone\). That voice is no longer needed: in fact, it is very much in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 273.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the way. One of the first steps toward a future for history might begin with cultivating a personal voice. This )] TJ ET BT 34.016 259.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(has nothing to do with saying ?I? and is not as easy as it may seem. For most historians ?of a particular )] TJ ET BT 34.016 244.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(kind? it could be as difficult as renovating the disciplinary language.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 210.099 Td /F3 18.0 Tf [(Notes)] TJ ET BT 48.816 179.482 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(1.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 179.477 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Elizabeth Deeds Ermarth, )] TJ ET BT 190.652 179.477 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Sequel to History: Postmodernism and the Crisis of Representational Time)] TJ ET BT 64.016 165.221 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(Princeton, NJ, 1992\); )] TJ ET BT 173.672 165.221 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(History in the Discursive Condition: Reconsidering the Tools of Thought)] TJ ET BT 64.016 150.965 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(London, 2011\) and )] TJ ET BT 162.668 150.965 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Realism and Consensus)] TJ ET BT 276.668 150.965 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(Edinburgh, 1998\).)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 371.324 150.965 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(1\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 371.324 149.571 m 425.312 149.571 l S 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.391 134.239 526.499 1.500 re S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 116.459 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Source URL:)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 104.672 116.459 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/review/1220)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 104.672 115.065 m 328.316 115.065 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 90.088 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Links:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 75.688 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([1] http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/item/8530)] TJ ET endstream endobj 25 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 26 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 371.3237 149.8855 425.3117 161.7655 ] >> endobj 26 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /GoTo /D 20 0 R >> endobj 27 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 28 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 104.6717 115.3795 328.3157 127.2595 ] >> endobj 28 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/review/1220) >> endobj xref 0 29 0000000000 65535 f 0000000008 00000 n 0000000073 00000 n 0000000119 00000 n 0000000349 00000 n 0000000386 00000 n 0000000531 00000 n 0000000613 00000 n 0000004886 00000 n 0000004995 00000 n 0000005105 00000 n 0000005214 00000 n 0000008775 00000 n 0000008903 00000 n 0000008987 00000 n 0000009052 00000 n 0000016414 00000 n 0000016479 00000 n 0000024209 00000 n 0000024293 00000 n 0000032425 00000 n 0000032455 00000 n 0000032583 00000 n 0000032619 00000 n 0000032710 00000 n 0000040047 00000 n 0000040175 00000 n 0000040230 00000 n 0000040358 00000 n trailer << /Size 29 /Root 1 0 R /Info 5 0 R >> startxref 40454 %%EOF