%PDF-1.3 1 0 obj << /Type /Catalog /Outlines 2 0 R /Pages 3 0 R >> endobj 2 0 obj << /Type /Outlines /Count 0 >> endobj 3 0 obj << /Type /Pages /Kids [6 0 R 14 0 R 16 0 R 21 0 R 26 0 R ] /Count 5 /Resources << /ProcSet 4 0 R /Font << /F1 8 0 R /F2 9 0 R /F3 10 0 R >> /XObject << /I1 11 0 R >> >> /MediaBox [0.000 0.000 595.280 841.890] >> endobj 4 0 obj [/PDF /Text /ImageC ] endobj 5 0 obj << /Creator (DOMPDF) /CreationDate (D:20140724130854+01'00') /ModDate (D:20140724130854+01'00') /Title (Godly Kingship in Restoration England: The Politics of the Royal Supremacy, 1660-1688) >> endobj 6 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 12 0 R ] /Contents 7 0 R >> endobj 7 0 obj << /Length 4090 >> stream q 381.750 0 0 120.000 34.016 687.874 cm /I1 Do Q 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Published on )] TJ ET BT 99.356 676.469 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Reviews in History)] TJ ET BT 190.016 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \()] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 197.012 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 197.012 675.075 m 357.332 675.075 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 357.332 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\))] TJ ET 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.391 653.743 526.499 1.500 re S BT 34.016 615.321 Td /F3 18.0 Tf [(Godly Kingship in Restoration England: The Politics of the Royal )] TJ ET BT 34.016 593.937 Td /F3 18.0 Tf [(Supremacy, 1660-1688)] TJ ET BT 34.016 251.939 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(This book will give heart to anyone who has ever confronted the staggering number of works published )] TJ ET BT 34.016 237.683 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(between 1500 and 1800 devoted to ecclesiology and the nature and role of episcopacy in the English church. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 223.427 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Often surpassing the page-counts of modern academic monographs, and displaying erudition about )] TJ ET BT 34.016 209.171 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(ecclesiastical history stretching from the ancient Hebrews, through the early church fathers, and then into the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 194.915 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Middle Ages and early modern times, they are full of arcane distinctions that are not all that easy for modern )] TJ ET BT 34.016 180.659 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(readers to spot, let alone appreciate fully. Yet, as Jacqueline Rose demonstrates admirably in her book, these )] TJ ET BT 34.016 166.403 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(works, and the debates to which they contributed, are important, not least because they help to explain an )] TJ ET BT 34.016 152.147 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(uncomfortable paradox about 17th-century English society. It was wonderfully learned and deeply )] TJ ET BT 34.016 137.891 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(innovative in fields as disparate as divinity, law, political philosophy, history and science, but it also endured )] TJ ET BT 34.016 123.635 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(50 years of acute political instability stained by quite a lot of bloodshed. Bishops, no less than Catholics and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 109.379 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(dissenters, were at one point or another willing to suffer persecution for their beliefs about the place of the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 95.123 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Christian churches within the polity.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 68.867 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Despite its title, nearly one-third of )] TJ ET BT 205.664 68.867 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Godly Kingship in Restoration England)] TJ ET BT 396.344 68.867 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, is devoted to the period before )] TJ ET BT 34.016 54.611 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(1660. Drawing on the work of scholars such as John Guy, as well as an impressive array of contemporary )] TJ ET BT 34.016 563.315 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Review Number:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 549.059 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(1237)] TJ ET BT 34.016 534.803 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publish date:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 520.547 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Thursday, 19 April, 2012)] TJ ET BT 34.016 506.291 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Author:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 492.035 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Jacqueline Rose)] TJ ET BT 34.016 477.779 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(ISBN:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 463.523 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(9781107011427)] TJ ET BT 34.016 449.267 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Date of Publication:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 435.011 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(2011)] TJ ET BT 34.016 420.755 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Price:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 406.499 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(60.00)] TJ ET BT 34.016 392.243 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Pages:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 377.987 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(336pp.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 363.731 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publisher:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 349.475 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Cambridge University Press)] TJ ET BT 34.016 335.219 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publisher url:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 320.963 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Place of Publication:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 306.707 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Cambridge)] TJ ET BT 34.016 292.451 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Reviewer:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 278.195 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Christopher Brooks)] TJ ET endstream endobj 8 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F1 /BaseFont /Times-Roman /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 9 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F2 /BaseFont /Times-Italic /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 10 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F3 /BaseFont /Times-Bold /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 11 0 obj << /Type /XObject /Subtype /Image /Width 509 /Height 160 /Filter /FlateDecode /DecodeParms << /Predictor 15 /Colors 3 /Columns 509 /BitsPerComponent 8>> /Mask [ 255 255 255 255 255 255 ] /ColorSpace /DeviceRGB /BitsPerComponent 8 /Length 3280>> stream x[EQ㎦fVttҒ +3O{?lGDQԯDrB^.ϯ%~'0۠/2>0AG_>0j0GCfE67>rB^}@  !&y+r?INp:erc b8f=rQC!~-Wf^^zF[)G 2ޯe7V_Go3Ke GEGOo8rώ#\1ZY~N6^H}yLxS-!:412V+u\-LSO?xVvZ|GjǮT_8EYJF=Tw^ 7GxfN/S:Ʌ~ʟtt?5n÷J'JcF-GVξx{rO~tJd;#a\7}|~y'>}c2C vR}f׈**h.)_&@pfzjsx:5;S\vKhM5j=!Cn+h"u]a EUN]jn=k<,:Ք>sU!ni~6EJ)¦72?G}[y}_vc$t?iSܟ2Zݞ,VN?_`='RFK1A2qv&X_lLRWY'%:I㢖zb_UEx\>&ɆBˏ~K@ \gYØU4}$8Dv!'Q'*+Εj(UCGo[#< 2Ja(sZi9fZKE Rn`u\9r^Zmɯ׹}mstO4uc~#'jEvۼ Dx[z ޏQ4KL5,5u3>i^uÒ-53ba ~,~/pyt1fMU'CVm:qv~=Y'Es"WsφG?l_kN5}],Ow7 uh`xƫ?zMl7ٻv$A(4Dl(wwH} ?=[=S;yC]^BK>㕪9`Z'Wj;E|:bf>kCԘ#RY,iv쵗~}n'"1u" *uO΄/2^Sxr(!/DD\~mJyZ!MmrA!#u[if|99WB WΡpp}w}sh#,\ &:%˳X?D3 %W0cC?o̲^} F3XLVn]Cߖiϧ!7}yZJ#P7]=)7Ρp;>> Ye^xx{Oafw{ ;>4gfLt ʊ:q%#r/)pv!O4wGh|dS ӣݽހ-gVUC'pBxrB^} 7JA^} /'8!`:r?}}],X  }6y!`/~Br?}Q< >k7vx"] ,' .3jn{-i}|~%-};b6#U)7繎kiEw 㤳:E}[޼c"rꬊ7Dc$~"/Y&zSd:tFȌCrʙ`7u .#[-<)j ?TGS(j~oTup(hjU4PlJ=}|it.ҽ@\wʨuXÞZcx18Wo<~ikOg,ވ\^?EneyZcc0[R١z|zv7_m:_n]a?osS3~j^ hD.a_X'KfBX6w wݶ"Oa:,bvhrWH[uCF-Xfc}>x+Rz)2N-B 7y^٨;[/vg? | |2Sve}=o䑰j[vWjF0{굦?VI~}xM(_TlG__+]:#к?S} c>GŸD7 !w{S{B =x7a?oE#)+Gz:o_4Q<;n?\tt7?mGCџQGu4kņOF>F?#} hP&ђߴM#u!.СtL2^#o nIk_i.~7tr@n 1P~3?.[]=S5b߮~Yo^HFH YBi8a4iom>CKgMy*;?zqEӕ` >zB9iFzC?XF?ޟIܰ펉A}{I5ᄊx%ez#Mp@rߎpi]IOVjzuJt\۰f׺u5><,J~PTJp1)}){9N {!`/> endstream endobj 12 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 13 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 197.0117 675.3895 357.3317 687.2695 ] >> endobj 13 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews) >> endobj 14 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Contents 15 0 R >> endobj 15 0 obj << /Length 8106 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(writers from the early 16th-century lawyer Christopher St German to clerics such as John Whitgift and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(William Laud, as well as the ?independent? authors of )] TJ ET BT 297.968 782.213 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(An Apologeticall Narration)] TJ ET BT 429.980 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(1643\), the exposition is )] TJ ET BT 34.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(at times telegraphic and can seem somewhat fragmented because there is so much that needs to be brought )] TJ ET BT 34.016 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(into the story. Nonetheless, Rose amply supports her contention that Henry VIII?s break from Rome and the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 739.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(establishment of the Church of England by statute in 1559 created an enormous number of problems for the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 725.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(English polity, problems that remained largely unresolved, though increasingly debated, through the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 710.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Glorious Revolution and beyond. Was the supremacy of the church, apparently created by statute law, vested )] TJ ET BT 34.016 696.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(in the king, or the king in parliament? Wherever it was located, was that supremacy merely jurisdictional, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 682.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and hence associated with temporal patronage and the church courts, or did it extend to sacerdotal issues )] TJ ET BT 34.016 668.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(such as doctrine and ordination? Was the authority of bishops merely customary and sanctioned by human, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 653.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(or temporal authority, or was it the product of divine law and hence, as Sir Thomas More might have argued, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 639.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(beyond the reach of either the royal prerogative or statute law? Why did the late medieval statutory offence )] TJ ET BT 34.016 625.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of )] TJ ET BT 47.012 625.397 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(praemunire)] TJ ET BT 103.004 625.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, which \(according to the letter of the law\) made it a serious crime to undermine the king?s )] TJ ET BT 34.016 611.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(authority, and that of his common law, by taking cases that could be heard before the king?s courts at )] TJ ET BT 34.016 596.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Westminster to Rome, continue to play such an important role in the ecclesiastical polity even after the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 582.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Tudor monarchs created a completely unambiguous jurisdictional break from Rome during the course of the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 568.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(16th century? In fact, there is at least one further distinction that should be taken account of, but which gets )] TJ ET BT 34.016 554.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(relatively little attention here, namely the long-standing juridical conundrum about the relationship between )] TJ ET BT 34.016 539.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the temporality and the spirituality, which began in the Middle Ages as a source of dispute between )] TJ ET BT 34.016 525.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(canonists and secular lawyers, and which regularly involved questions about the relationship between claims )] TJ ET BT 34.016 511.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(to divine authority and temporal law. Of considerable importance in shaping the attitudes of lawyers, this )] TJ ET BT 34.016 497.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(distinction also led contemporaries to ask themselves whether transactions such as getting married or making )] TJ ET BT 34.016 482.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(a will were essentially civil \(secular\) matters, or ?spiritual?, largely because legal jurisdiction over them had )] TJ ET BT 34.016 468.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(been ceded from the Conquest onwards by English kings and the common law to the spiritual courts. At )] TJ ET BT 34.016 454.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(stake, ultimately, was the question of how far claims based on arguments from scripture and church history, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 440.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(or from divine and canon law, should be taken as authoritative when it came to wielding the sword of the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 425.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(civil magistrate in support of them.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 399.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Jacqueline Rose discusses the different perspectives on the royal supremacy that remained in play as the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 385.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(reign of Elizabeth came to an end, as well as some of the practical manifestations of these, such as the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 371.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(disputes between the common law judges and Archbishop Bancroft over the relationship between the church )] TJ ET BT 34.016 356.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(courts and the common law. Her key conclusion is that in the 16th century, and for much of the 17th, divine )] TJ ET BT 34.016 342.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(right episcopacy and divine right monarchy were for the most part self supporting, largely because they had )] TJ ET BT 34.016 328.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(common enemies in presbyterianism and papalism. Rose goes on to assert, however, that even after 1603 )] TJ ET BT 34.016 314.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(kings, parliaments, bishops, nonconformists and lawyers continued to argue about the exact location of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 299.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(supremacy over the church, and what could and should be done with it. At this point, furthermore, she )] TJ ET BT 34.016 285.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(begins to develop an illuminating theme by tracing the emergence of a much more distinctive line of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 271.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(argument in favour of the power of bishops over the church in comparison with that of the crown. Summed )] TJ ET BT 34.016 256.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(up in its most extreme form by the future bishop, John Cosin, at Durham in the late 1620s with the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 242.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(memorable one-liner ?the king is not supreme head of the church of England next under Christ nor hath he )] TJ ET BT 34.016 228.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(any more power of excommunication than my man that rubs my horse?s heels?, this type of thinking came )] TJ ET BT 34.016 214.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(to be associated with the tenure of William Laud as advisor to the king and then Archbishop of Canterbury. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 199.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Yet Rose?s nuanced account of Laud?s thought plausibly asserts that his position on the supremacy was )] TJ ET BT 34.016 185.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(driven by his defence of the dignity of the clerical estate and his programme for increasing respect for it. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 171.461 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Moreover, for Rose, the critical point is that Laud?s legacy in terms of arguments over the supremacy was )] TJ ET BT 34.016 157.205 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(actually limited. His close relationship with Charles I meant that he did not need to worry about the extent of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 142.949 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(royal power over the church. For him a clericalist outlook was compatible with obedience to his monarch, a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 128.693 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(position that led him to be tried by the Long Parliament both for asserting royal authority and for subverting )] TJ ET BT 34.016 114.437 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(it by committing the offence of )] TJ ET BT 186.668 114.437 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(praemunire)] TJ ET BT 242.660 114.437 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(. Even so, the focus on Laud inevitably makes the reader wish )] TJ ET BT 34.016 100.181 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(there had been more time and space to work out how he arrived at the position he did, especially in terms of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 85.925 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the thought of other figures such as Richard Hooker \(who gets largely ignored here\), Bancroft, and John )] TJ ET BT 34.016 71.669 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Williams, Bishop of Lincoln, who was no friend of Laud?s but the chief defender of episcopacy in the Long )] TJ ET BT 34.016 57.413 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Parliament. Nor does Rose offer much guidance on whether or how individual views either in this period or )] TJ ET endstream endobj 16 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 19 0 R ] /Contents 17 0 R >> endobj 17 0 obj << /Length 7889 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(later on might have overlapped with, or differed from, those which separated Calvinists from anti-Calvinists )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(on purely theological questions.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 755.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Turning to the civil wars and interregnum in order to conclude her opening chapter, Rose concentrates )] TJ ET BT 34.016 741.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(primarily on clerical writing about the nature of the royal supremacy and thisputs some limits on the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 727.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(treatment. For example, there is not much space given to the debates in the early years of the long parliament )] TJ ET BT 34.016 713.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(over the exclusion of bishops from the House of Lords. While the important subject of excommunication is )] TJ ET BT 34.016 698.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(touched upon, it might have been developed further, and there is no significant consideration given to the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 684.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(rejection of )] TJ ET BT 92.000 684.677 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(iure divino)] TJ ET BT 144.332 684.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( presbyterianism by the Long Parliament, a result that was argued for vehemently by )] TJ ET BT 34.016 670.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(lawyer MPs such as John Selden and John Glynn. Rose is, on the other hand, certainly aware of the activities )] TJ ET BT 34.016 656.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and writings of Selden and of his lawyerly brand of ?Erastinism?, which questioned the extent to which civil )] TJ ET BT 34.016 641.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(power should be invested in purely spiritual matters. Yet it seems odd that she does not deal with the works )] TJ ET BT 34.016 627.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of the Archbishop of Armagh, James Ussher, who was engaged, like Selden, in the effort to find historical )] TJ ET BT 34.016 613.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(answers to questions about the nature and authority of episcopacy and who appears to have been popular )] TJ ET BT 34.016 599.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(with the lawyers who heard him preach at Lincoln?s Inn in the 1650s.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 368.960 599.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(1\))] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 368.960 597.747 m 382.952 597.747 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 572.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The principal point Rose wants to make about the Interregnum is that new and in some ways more )] TJ ET BT 34.016 558.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(aggressive strains of clericalist thought were being developed by writers such as Henry Hammond, John )] TJ ET BT 34.016 544.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Bramhall and Henry Ferne. Carefully distancing themselves from popery, these writers argued \(at least at )] TJ ET BT 34.016 530.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(times\) for the )] TJ ET BT 101.672 530.117 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(jure divino)] TJ ET BT 154.004 530.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( character of episcopacy, and were more diffident when it came to the nature of the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 515.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(royal supremacy over the church than Laud had been. This mattered because in the new political conditions )] TJ ET BT 34.016 501.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(that emerged after the Restoration, when unprecedented religious pluralism became a reality with )] TJ ET BT 34.016 487.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(unpredictable political implications, the stage was set for clashes between differing accounts of the nature )] TJ ET BT 34.016 473.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and extent of the royal supremacy and between a growing number of opinions about the nature and sources )] TJ ET BT 34.016 458.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of episcopal authority. It was already an unholy mix, and the remainder of )] TJ ET BT 392.948 458.837 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Godly Kingship)] TJ ET BT 468.620 458.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( is devoted to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 444.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(explaining how the relevant ideas and positions continued to be hotly debated between 1660 and the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 430.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(?Revolution?.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 404.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Chapter two turns the study towards discussions about the supremacy in parliament and the courts during the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 389.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(reigns of Charles II and James II, concentrating on key issues such as the three sets of declarations of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 375.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(indulgence in the 1660s, 1670s and 1680s. This is followed by chapters devoted to clerical writings about )] TJ ET BT 34.016 361.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(episcopacy and the royal supremacy; the use by dissenters of the supremacy to support toleration; the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 347.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(attitudes of ?anti-clericals?, including Hobbes; and, finally, the profound impact of the religious policies of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 332.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(James II on attitudes to questions which already by 1685 had an extremely long history. In pursuing these )] TJ ET BT 34.016 318.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(themes, Rose?s chief interest is in the details, and nuances, of the thought of the large number of writers with )] TJ ET BT 34.016 304.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(whom she engages. She is clear and concise on the immensely complex nature of religious politics between )] TJ ET BT 34.016 290.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(1660 and 1689, but the book is most valuable in enabling us to understand better the positions various )] TJ ET BT 34.016 275.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(individuals and factions took up than in changing the relatively familiar contours of post-Restoration history. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 261.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(She finds, for example, that the apparently irresistible tide in favour of the established Church that )] TJ ET BT 34.016 247.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(accompanied the Restoration was matched by the ascendancy of clerical writings that tended to stress )] TJ ET BT 524.252 247.253 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(jure )] TJ ET BT 34.016 232.997 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(divino)] TJ ET BT 64.016 232.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( arguments for episcopal authority, but that the actions of the later Stuart kings, most notably their )] TJ ET BT 34.016 218.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(repeated efforts to grant some form of indulgence to Catholics and Dissenters, drove some thinkers even )] TJ ET BT 34.016 204.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(further and enabled them to envision a church that was governed by its bishops, largely independent of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 190.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(anything more than a titular royal supremacy. Indeed, some even went so far as to depict the Church of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 175.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(England as something approaching an independent part of the polity. Yet, even in the 1660s, there were )] TJ ET BT 34.016 161.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(others, most notably John Tillotson and Edward Stillingfleet, who were more sympathetic to dissenters, who )] TJ ET BT 34.016 147.461 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(were beginning to develop arguments for a moderate episcopacy whose justification lay largely in its long )] TJ ET BT 34.016 133.205 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(historic acceptance as the basis for church government in England, and who acknowledged that the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 118.949 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(constitutional position of the church must ultimately be determined by secular law.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 92.693 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Given the way in which arguments about the supremacy had developed since the Reformation, hostility to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 78.437 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(bishops and the ecclesiastical courts led the Quakers to support most fully \(if at times reluctantly\) a higher )] TJ ET BT 34.016 64.181 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(version of kingly supremacy over the ecclesiastical sphere. They did this because a convincing case in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 49.925 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(favour of royal supremacy over the church was a key to claims for the legality of the declarations of )] TJ ET endstream endobj 18 0 obj [16 0 R /Fit] endobj 19 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 20 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 368.9597 598.0615 382.9517 609.9415 ] >> endobj 20 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 21 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 24 0 R ] /Contents 22 0 R >> endobj 22 0 obj << /Length 7926 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(indulgence that Charles II and James II put forward, which of course offered Quakers relief from the penal )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(legislation enshrined in the Clarendon Code. Furthermore, they were to some degree joined in this by )] TJ ET BT 34.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(unlikely fellow-travellers, the ultra ?erastians?, such as Thomas Hobbes, who is depicted here as a kind of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(John the Baptist for what would become the Enlightenment hostility to ?priestcraft?. Maintaining that the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 739.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(division between temporal and spiritual authority diluted civil power and permitted theological controversy )] TJ ET BT 34.016 725.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(to degenerate into political chaos, Hobbes argued for the conflation of both under the civil authority of the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 710.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(monarchy. According to Rose, Hobbes?s positions were not incompatible with the royal indulgencies of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 696.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(toleration, and she thinks his view is probably best summed up by his remark that ?The best government in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 682.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Religion is by Episcopacy, but in the King?s Right, not in their own?. It might be added, moreover, that )] TJ ET BT 34.016 668.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Hobbes?s position was not all that different from that of many common lawyers, especially those influenced )] TJ ET BT 34.016 653.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(by Selden. The concept of ?)] TJ ET BT 167.984 653.909 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(praemunire)] TJ ET BT 223.976 653.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(? had long led them to link defence of common law with a high view )] TJ ET BT 34.016 639.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of the royal supremacy over the church, even though many of them had always differed from Hobbes on the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 625.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(question of whether the supremacy was in the king alone, or the king in parliament. As Rose suggests, the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 611.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(brief written at the request of Charles II for the first declaration of indulgence \(1662\) by the parliamentarian, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 596.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and Cromwellian, common lawyer, Bulstrode Whitelocke is, it seems, the best surviving legal argument in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 582.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(favour of all of them.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 556.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(In general, Rose is most interested in, and most interesting on, the remarkably wide range of printed tracts )] TJ ET BT 34.016 542.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(she considers, but the chapter that concentrates on parliament and the courts undertakes the herculean task of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 527.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(trying to unpick the range of views expressed by MPs and lawyers largely in the form of speeches of one )] TJ ET BT 34.016 513.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(kind or another. Here the need to cover so much in a confined space occasionally leads to compression and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 499.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(some loss of clarity. Perhaps this part of the work might have been more effectively conceived as a means of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 485.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(investigating more closely the way in which the theoretical positions found in the printed tracts were )] TJ ET BT 34.016 470.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(reflected in parliamentary and legal debates. For example, what \(if any\) connection was there between the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 456.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(high church writings of the 1650s and 1660s and the keenness of the Cavalier parliament to pass harsh penal )] TJ ET BT 34.016 442.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(legislation against non-conformists such as the Corporation Act, the Five Mile Act, and the Conventicle )] TJ ET BT 34.016 428.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Act? Nevertheless, she certainly does do enough to show that there was amongst the parliament men and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 413.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(lawyers, no less than amongst the clerics, a wide variety of opinion about the nature of the royal supremacy )] TJ ET BT 34.016 399.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and the role of bishops in the ecclesiastical polity, whilst also coming to the familiar conclusion that it was a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 385.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(steadfastly held belief amongst most sides in parliament that a king could not lawfully dispense with )] TJ ET BT 34.016 371.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(statutes, such as those associated with the Clarendon Code, in order to grant some form of toleration to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 356.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Catholics and Dissenters because that would potentially undermine the authority of all English statute law. A )] TJ ET BT 34.016 342.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(law made by parliament could only be unmade by parliament.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 316.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(By contrast, the final substantive chapter, which deals with how questions about the supremacy came into )] TJ ET BT 34.016 302.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(play during the troubled reign of James II, enables Rose to probe more effectively the relationship between )] TJ ET BT 34.016 287.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(political thought and action. Once again, support for, and opposition to, the king?s attempt to grant )] TJ ET BT 34.016 273.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(toleration, and favour Catholics, followed traditional contours that stretched back to the time of Henry VIII, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 259.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and led to the rich variety of often confusing and contradictory positions on the supremacy. Rose stresses in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 244.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(particular that one plank in James II?s policy, the creation of an ecclesiastical commission, led to a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 230.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(recapitulation of controversies about its predecessor, the court of High Commission, that had been in play )] TJ ET BT 34.016 216.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(since the 1559 Elizabethan settlement, and which included the arguments surrounding its abolition in 1641. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 202.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Indeed, since there was so little that was novel in this policy, or in yet another attempt to grant toleration )] TJ ET BT 34.016 187.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(through the use of declarations of indulgence, Rose vigorously dissents from Steve Pincus?s recent argument )] TJ ET BT 34.016 173.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(that James was trying to advance a novel form of royal absolutism modelled on French ?Gallicanism?, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 159.461 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(whereby the monarch?s effective rule over the church was accompanied by some recognition of the pope?s )] TJ ET BT 34.016 145.205 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(spiritual supremacy and a thorough-going ?modernization? of English government.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 433.628 145.205 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(2\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 433.628 143.811 m 447.620 143.811 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 447.620 145.205 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( While the materials )] TJ ET BT 34.016 130.949 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Rose considers do not in fact throw much light on James II?s motivations or intentions, it would certainly )] TJ ET BT 34.016 116.693 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(appear that the idiom in which contemporaries debated his innovations was cast for the most part in very )] TJ ET BT 34.016 102.437 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(traditional terms, a point that could be illustrated even further by noting the extent to which propagandists )] TJ ET BT 34.016 88.181 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(were apparently keen to collect examples of the debates going back to Elizabethan and Jacobean times. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 73.925 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Quakers were willing to support the royal supremacy in order to justify the ?toleration? provided by )] TJ ET BT 34.016 59.669 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(declarations of indulgence. But the Anglican hierarchy, and its allies, became deeply divided. Archbishop )] TJ ET endstream endobj 23 0 obj [21 0 R /Fit] endobj 24 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 25 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 433.6277 144.1255 447.6197 156.0055 ] >> endobj 25 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 26 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 28 0 R 30 0 R 32 0 R ] /Contents 27 0 R >> endobj 27 0 obj << /Length 6293 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Sancroft consulted the Tory lawyer, Roger North, about the new ecclesiastical commission only to be told )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(that it was deeply controversial and probably of dubious legality. Accusations of )] TJ ET BT 423.632 782.213 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(praemunire)] TJ ET BT 479.624 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, which )] TJ ET BT 34.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(continued to feature in much of the post-Reformation legislation about the church, haunted the attempts by )] TJ ET BT 34.016 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the king to make rapprochements with Catholics and the pope. The trial of seven bishops for publicly )] TJ ET BT 34.016 739.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(refusing to read the Declaration of Indulgence, and their subsequent acquittal by a London jury, seemed to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 725.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(unite them with the long-standing parliamentary position that statute law could not be over-ridden by the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 710.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(royal prerogative, even though James was able to gain judicial support for his position by a radical policy of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 696.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(manipulating the bench of common law judges. As Rose notes, the revolution of 1689 apparently marked the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 682.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(triumph of moderate episcopalians such as Tillotson and Stillingfleet, but she also reminds us that five of the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 668.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(seven bishops who stood trial in 1687 became non-jurors because they could not accept the new )] TJ ET BT 34.016 653.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(ecclesiastical and political regime established under William III and Mary)] TJ ET BT 34.016 627.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Given its heroically long chronology, and complex subject matter, there are inevitably gaps in )] TJ ET BT 487.952 627.653 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Godly )] TJ ET BT 34.016 613.397 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Kingship?s)] TJ ET BT 88.028 613.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( coverage, and there are points where the exposition of the ideas of individual thinkers would )] TJ ET BT 34.016 599.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(have been further illuminated by broader contextualisation. It would, for example, be good to know more )] TJ ET BT 34.016 584.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(about what connections, if any, there were between the thought of clerics such as Tillotson and Stillingfleet, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 570.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and the tradition of common law thought that we see glimpses of in the works of Selden and Matthew Hale. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 556.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The concentration on the supremacy and arguments about episcopacy does not seem to have allowed much )] TJ ET BT 34.016 542.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(scope for exploring the views of post-Restoration Presbyterians such as Richard Baxter. Rose?s conclusion )] TJ ET BT 34.016 527.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(that consideration of the royal supremacy strikingly demonstrates the poverty of a secular paradigm, as )] TJ ET BT 34.016 513.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(opposed to one that takes account of religion, for understanding early modern political thought needs to be )] TJ ET BT 34.016 499.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(reconciled with her observations about the importance of incorporating legal thinking more thoroughly into )] TJ ET BT 34.016 485.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(our understanding of the ecclesiastical polity. As she indicates, it is an area that needs much more study, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 470.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(especially for the period after 1640 and into the later 17th century. But it is hard to see how any significant )] TJ ET BT 34.016 456.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(question about the nature of the English ?constitution? could be considered by contemporaries without )] TJ ET BT 34.016 442.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(taking account of views about it that were embedded in the common law. Indeed, Rose intriguingly )] TJ ET BT 34.016 428.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(concludes that the lawyers? language of )] TJ ET BT 228.632 428.069 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(praemunire)] TJ ET BT 284.624 428.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( seems to have lain at the basis for what became the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 413.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Enlightenment hostility to ?priestcraft?. Yet none of this detracts from the fact that )] TJ ET BT 433.964 413.813 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Godly Kingship)] TJ ET BT 509.636 413.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( is a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 399.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(major achievement. Thanks to its ambitious scope, and thoughtful dissection of the works of so many )] TJ ET BT 34.016 385.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(thinkers, it will become an indispensible guide to some of the most important questions about church and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 371.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(state in the 16th and 17th centuries.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 336.147 Td /F3 18.0 Tf [(Notes)] TJ ET BT 48.816 305.530 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(1.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 305.525 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Alan Ford, )] TJ ET BT 119.012 305.525 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(James Ussher,)] TJ ET BT 191.996 305.525 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Theology, History and Politics in Early-Modern Ireland and England)] TJ ET BT 64.016 291.269 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(Oxford, 2007\), pp. 268?71.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 198.992 291.269 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(1\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 198.992 289.875 m 252.980 289.875 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 48.816 277.018 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(2.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 277.013 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(S. Pincus, )] TJ ET BT 114.692 277.013 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(1688: The First Modern Revolution)] TJ ET BT 286.016 277.013 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(New Haven, CT, 2009\), esp. chs. 3?7.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 475.640 277.013 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(2\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 475.640 275.619 m 529.628 275.619 l S 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.391 260.287 526.499 1.500 re S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 242.507 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Source URL:)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 104.672 242.507 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/review/1237)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 104.672 241.113 m 328.316 241.113 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 216.136 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Links:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 201.736 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([1] http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/item/13722)] TJ ET endstream endobj 28 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 29 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 198.9917 290.1895 252.9797 302.0695 ] >> endobj 29 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /GoTo /D 18 0 R >> endobj 30 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 31 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 475.6397 275.9335 529.6277 287.8135 ] >> endobj 31 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /GoTo /D 23 0 R >> endobj 32 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 33 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 104.6717 241.4275 328.3157 253.3075 ] >> endobj 33 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/review/1237) >> endobj xref 0 34 0000000000 65535 f 0000000008 00000 n 0000000073 00000 n 0000000119 00000 n 0000000349 00000 n 0000000386 00000 n 0000000595 00000 n 0000000677 00000 n 0000004819 00000 n 0000004928 00000 n 0000005038 00000 n 0000005147 00000 n 0000008708 00000 n 0000008836 00000 n 0000008920 00000 n 0000008985 00000 n 0000017144 00000 n 0000017228 00000 n 0000025170 00000 n 0000025200 00000 n 0000025328 00000 n 0000025364 00000 n 0000025448 00000 n 0000033427 00000 n 0000033457 00000 n 0000033585 00000 n 0000033621 00000 n 0000033719 00000 n 0000040065 00000 n 0000040193 00000 n 0000040248 00000 n 0000040376 00000 n 0000040431 00000 n 0000040559 00000 n trailer << /Size 34 /Root 1 0 R /Info 5 0 R >> startxref 40655 %%EOF