%PDF-1.3 1 0 obj << /Type /Catalog /Outlines 2 0 R /Pages 3 0 R >> endobj 2 0 obj << /Type /Outlines /Count 0 >> endobj 3 0 obj << /Type /Pages /Kids [6 0 R 14 0 R 19 0 R 24 0 R ] /Count 4 /Resources << /ProcSet 4 0 R /Font << /F1 8 0 R /F2 9 0 R /F3 10 0 R >> /XObject << /I1 11 0 R >> >> /MediaBox [0.000 0.000 595.280 841.890] >> endobj 4 0 obj [/PDF /Text /ImageC ] endobj 5 0 obj << /Creator (DOMPDF) /CreationDate (D:20140417225506+01'00') /ModDate (D:20140417225506+01'00') /Title (Monarchism and Absolutism in Early Modern Europe) >> endobj 6 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 12 0 R ] /Contents 7 0 R >> endobj 7 0 obj << /Length 4122 >> stream q 381.750 0 0 120.000 34.016 687.874 cm /I1 Do Q 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Published on )] TJ ET BT 99.356 676.469 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Reviews in History)] TJ ET BT 190.016 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \()] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 197.012 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 197.012 675.075 m 357.332 675.075 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 357.332 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\))] TJ ET 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.391 653.743 526.499 1.500 re S BT 34.016 615.321 Td /F3 18.0 Tf [(Monarchism and Absolutism in Early Modern Europe)] TJ ET BT 34.016 273.323 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The idea of an age of absolutism has lately fallen out of fashion, for several reasons. The word absolutism )] TJ ET BT 34.016 259.067 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(was coined only in the 19th century and the concept of a generic absolutist model can easily obscure )] TJ ET BT 34.016 244.811 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(significant differences between various monarchical states. In addition recent work has shown that in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 230.555 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(practice even the paradigmatic absolutist, Louis XIV, needed to rule in collaboration with the nobility and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 216.299 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(other privileged groups, rather than as an unrestrained autocrat. But if they did not speak of absolutism, early )] TJ ET BT 34.016 202.043 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(modern thinkers did often refer to absolute kings and in the 18th century even to enlightened despots. The 14 )] TJ ET BT 34.016 187.787 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(essays in this collection, which derives from a conference at the University of Sussex, examine various )] TJ ET BT 34.016 173.531 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(theories of royal power and authority between the 14th and 18th centuries. Rather than seeing absolutism as )] TJ ET BT 34.016 159.275 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(a unified phenomenon the contributors explore how different varieties of monarchist thought arose and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 145.019 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(interacted with other concepts of power and authority, as well as with political practice \(p. 2\). According to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 130.763 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the editors, the resulting survey uncovers ?a discourse made up of a plurality of languages: Machiavellian, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 116.507 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Tacitean, Bodinian, patriachalist, patriotic, constitutional, royalist, cynic, Hobbesian, Enlightened? \(p. 17\).)] TJ ET BT 34.016 90.251 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Inevitably some chapters succeed better than others, while the coverage of the vast topic of monarchist )] TJ ET BT 34.016 75.995 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(thought remains far from exhaustive, raising questions about what has been left out. But there are several )] TJ ET BT 34.016 61.739 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(solid chapters and interesting perspectives do emerge. In an intriguing essay, Janet Coleman seeks to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 584.699 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Review Number:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 570.443 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(1242)] TJ ET BT 34.016 556.187 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publish date:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 541.931 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Thursday, 26 April, 2012)] TJ ET BT 34.016 527.675 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Editor:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 513.419 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Cesare Cuttica)] TJ ET BT 34.016 499.163 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Glenn Burgess)] TJ ET BT 34.016 484.907 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(ISBN:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 470.651 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(9781848931985)] TJ ET BT 34.016 456.395 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Date of Publication:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 442.139 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(2012)] TJ ET BT 34.016 427.883 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Price:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 413.627 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(60.00)] TJ ET BT 34.016 399.371 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Pages:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 385.115 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(320pp.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 370.859 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publisher:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 356.603 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Pickering and Chatto)] TJ ET BT 34.016 342.347 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Place of Publication:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 328.091 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(London)] TJ ET BT 34.016 313.835 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Reviewer:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 299.579 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(R. Malcolm Smuts)] TJ ET endstream endobj 8 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F1 /BaseFont /Times-Roman /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 9 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F2 /BaseFont /Times-Italic /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 10 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F3 /BaseFont /Times-Bold /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 11 0 obj << /Type /XObject /Subtype /Image /Width 509 /Height 160 /Filter /FlateDecode /DecodeParms << /Predictor 15 /Colors 3 /Columns 509 /BitsPerComponent 8>> /Mask [ 255 255 255 255 255 255 ] /ColorSpace /DeviceRGB /BitsPerComponent 8 /Length 3280>> stream x[EQ㎦fVttҒ +3O{?lGDQԯDrB^.ϯ%~'0۠/2>0AG_>0j0GCfE67>rB^}@  !&y+r?INp:erc b8f=rQC!~-Wf^^zF[)G 2ޯe7V_Go3Ke GEGOo8rώ#\1ZY~N6^H}yLxS-!:412V+u\-LSO?xVvZ|GjǮT_8EYJF=Tw^ 7GxfN/S:Ʌ~ʟtt?5n÷J'JcF-GVξx{rO~tJd;#a\7}|~y'>}c2C vR}f׈**h.)_&@pfzjsx:5;S\vKhM5j=!Cn+h"u]a EUN]jn=k<,:Ք>sU!ni~6EJ)¦72?G}[y}_vc$t?iSܟ2Zݞ,VN?_`='RFK1A2qv&X_lLRWY'%:I㢖zb_UEx\>&ɆBˏ~K@ \gYØU4}$8Dv!'Q'*+Εj(UCGo[#< 2Ja(sZi9fZKE Rn`u\9r^Zmɯ׹}mstO4uc~#'jEvۼ Dx[z ޏQ4KL5,5u3>i^uÒ-53ba ~,~/pyt1fMU'CVm:qv~=Y'Es"WsφG?l_kN5}],Ow7 uh`xƫ?zMl7ٻv$A(4Dl(wwH} ?=[=S;yC]^BK>㕪9`Z'Wj;E|:bf>kCԘ#RY,iv쵗~}n'"1u" *uO΄/2^Sxr(!/DD\~mJyZ!MmrA!#u[if|99WB WΡpp}w}sh#,\ &:%˳X?D3 %W0cC?o̲^} F3XLVn]Cߖiϧ!7}yZJ#P7]=)7Ρp;>> Ye^xx{Oafw{ ;>4gfLt ʊ:q%#r/)pv!O4wGh|dS ӣݽހ-gVUC'pBxrB^} 7JA^} /'8!`:r?}}],X  }6y!`/~Br?}Q< >k7vx"] ,' .3jn{-i}|~%-};b6#U)7繎kiEw 㤳:E}[޼c"rꬊ7Dc$~"/Y&zSd:tFȌCrʙ`7u .#[-<)j ?TGS(j~oTup(hjU4PlJ=}|it.ҽ@\wʨuXÞZcx18Wo<~ikOg,ވ\^?EneyZcc0[R١z|zv7_m:_n]a?osS3~j^ hD.a_X'KfBX6w wݶ"Oa:,bvhrWH[uCF-Xfc}>x+Rz)2N-B 7y^٨;[/vg? | |2Sve}=o䑰j[vWjF0{굦?VI~}xM(_TlG__+]:#к?S} c>GŸD7 !w{S{B =x7a?oE#)+Gz:o_4Q<;n?\tt7?mGCџQGu4kņOF>F?#} hP&ђߴM#u!.СtL2^#o nIk_i.~7tr@n 1P~3?.[]=S5b߮~Yo^HFH YBi8a4iom>CKgMy*;?zqEӕ` >zB9iFzC?XF?ޟIܰ펉A}{I5ᄊx%ez#Mp@rߎpi]IOVjzuJt\۰f׺u5><,J~PTJp1)}){9N {!`/> endstream endobj 12 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 13 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 197.0117 675.3895 357.3317 687.2695 ] >> endobj 13 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews) >> endobj 14 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 17 0 R ] /Contents 15 0 R >> endobj 15 0 obj << /Length 7750 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(reconstruct the political thought of Richard II of England and his circle from the charges lodged against him )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(at his deposition. In the Middle Ages the concept of a )] TJ ET BT 293.984 782.213 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(res publica)] TJ ET BT 347.648 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( or commonwealth, as it was already )] TJ ET BT 34.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(rendered in English, did not imply any particular constitutional arrangements. But it was antithetical to the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(concept of ?tyranny,? defined as government by arbitrary whim rather than law. People did not think kings )] TJ ET BT 34.016 739.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(were bound by a contractual relationship with their people but did believe that royal actions should be )] TJ ET BT 34.016 725.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(?procedurally channeled by the law of the land and adjusted through wise counsel of top magnate's advisors? )] TJ ET BT 34.016 710.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(p. 23\). In reality it was the magnates who primarily shared power with the king, and Richard?s prime )] TJ ET BT 34.016 696.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(offense was to challenge their role by relying on his own circle of intimate companions. He justified his )] TJ ET BT 34.016 682.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(actions by drawing upon civil law doctrines to erect a theory of the supremacy of the king?s will, claiming )] TJ ET BT 34.016 668.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(that the laws were in his breast and the lives and estates of the nobility subject to his pleasure. This assertion )] TJ ET BT 34.016 653.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of royal authority was consistent with what kings were doing elsewhere in Europe and even in England the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 639.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(magnate?s attempts to constrain royal power proved unsuccessful in the long run, until 17th-century )] TJ ET BT 34.016 625.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(parliaments revived Lancastrian theories.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 599.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(None of the other essays picks up the topic of relationships between monarchist thought and the concept of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 584.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the commonwealth at the point at which Coleman leaves it, in the early 15th century. But Glenn Burgess )] TJ ET BT 34.016 570.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(does return to this theme in an essay focused on the 17th century. He argues that around 1600, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 556.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(?commonwealth? and )] TJ ET BT 141.992 556.373 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(res publica)] TJ ET BT 195.656 556.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, were generally understood as designating an ordered community, with no )] TJ ET BT 34.016 542.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(anti-monarchical connotations. But within a few decades this had begun to change. The shift was made )] TJ ET BT 34.016 527.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(possible ?because commonwealth was not a neutral term ? it embedded certain values ? namely ideals of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 513.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(social justice ? and the protection of freedoms and property? \(p. 152\). This raised the possibility that kings )] TJ ET BT 34.016 499.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(might violate commonwealth ideals, and that the potential for kings to do so rendered monarchy, at best, a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 485.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(deficient form of a commonwealth. A parallel change seems to have occurred with respect to the concept of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 470.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(an ?absolute monarch?. Originally this had simply meant a complete monarch but increasingly some writers )] TJ ET BT 34.016 456.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(associated the phrase with tyranny, a pattern that may have originated in Dutch opposition to the rule of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 442.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Philip II, who was accused of trying to turn the limited monarchy of the Netherlands into an absolute rule )] TJ ET BT 34.016 428.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(analogous to the monarchy of Castile. Some English writers consciously resisted these changes in meaning, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 413.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(however, welcoming the Restoration as the return of a ?monarchical commonwealth?, which they saw as the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 399.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(traditional form of English government, in which the subjects? rights were guaranteed by a King ruling in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 385.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(accord with the law.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 359.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Burgess has nothing to say about the role of the nobility in this discussion, and a casual reader might )] TJ ET BT 34.016 344.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(conclude that the connections between magnate power and the concept of a commonwealth that Coleman )] TJ ET BT 34.016 330.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(traces had disappeared by the late Tudor period. But work by John Adamson, Paul Hammer and Richard )] TJ ET BT 34.016 316.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(McCoy, among others, indicates that this was not entirely the case.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 354.980 316.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(1\))] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 354.980 314.883 m 368.972 314.883 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 368.972 316.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( This collection never explicitly )] TJ ET BT 34.016 302.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(problematizes the historical relationship between aristocratic republicanism in all its guises and monarchical )] TJ ET BT 34.016 287.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(thought, a significant omission. But Johann Sommerville?s chapter does throw some light on the subject by )] TJ ET BT 34.016 273.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(arguing that theorists of absolute monarchy including Bodin, Hobbes and Bossuet had no fundamental )] TJ ET BT 34.016 259.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(objection to giving noblemen a privileged role in the practical operation of the state, any more than they )] TJ ET BT 34.016 244.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(objected in principle to institutions like representative assemblies or courts of law. Their concern was to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 230.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(establish the king?s absolute sovereignty, rather than to prescribe the form a monarchical state should )] TJ ET BT 34.016 216.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(assume in its day-to-day operation. These thinkers never advocated bureaucratic centralization, large )] TJ ET BT 34.016 202.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(standing armies or the subordination of noblemen to paid royal officials, which historians used to regard as )] TJ ET BT 34.016 187.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(characteristics of absolutism. This is an important point, though one that leaves unanswered the question of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 173.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(whether some other body of thought existed that did promote such innovations, another issue that none of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 159.461 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the essays directly confronts.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 133.205 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Two additional contributions examine patriarchal theories of royal power. Gaby Mahlberg argues that )] TJ ET BT 34.016 118.949 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(although seventeenth century republicans were not necessarily opposed in principle to monarchy they did )] TJ ET BT 34.016 104.693 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(consistently object to ?a concrete brand of Stuart divine-right monarchy that claimed to be naturally derived )] TJ ET BT 34.016 90.437 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(from fatherhood and in which the power of kings and fathers was seen as identical? \(p. 48\). Although tracing )] TJ ET BT 34.016 76.181 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(dissent over such claims back to the late 1620s, she concentrates on the anti-patriarchalist writings of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 61.925 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Algernon Sidney and Henry Neville. Cesare Cuttica compares the ?patriarchalist absolutism? of Sir Robert )] TJ ET endstream endobj 16 0 obj [14 0 R /Fit] endobj 17 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 18 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 354.9797 315.1975 368.9717 327.0775 ] >> endobj 18 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 19 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 22 0 R ] /Contents 20 0 R >> endobj 20 0 obj << /Length 7972 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Filmer with the ?Machiavellian absolutism? of Jean Louis Guez de Balzac and the ?Hobbesian absolutism? )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of Cardin le Bret. These three theorists, all writing in the 1630s, agreed in wanting to elevate royal )] TJ ET BT 34.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(sovereignty and power but supported this position in significantly different ways.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 741.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Cuttica introduces another related theme when he writes that ?by representing the ruler as )] TJ ET BT 467.252 741.701 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(pater patriae)] TJ ET BT 530.252 741.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 727.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Filmer turned the monarch into the first patriot that is into a )] TJ ET BT 323.336 727.445 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(patriot king)] TJ ET BT 379.676 727.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(? \(p. 134\) and then adds that )] TJ ET BT 34.016 713.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(patriotism also provided the starting point for Balzac?s )] TJ ET BT 300.656 713.189 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Le Prince)] TJ ET BT 347.648 713.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(. The need to defend the fatherland and its )] TJ ET BT 34.016 698.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(vital interests from enemies and adverse fortune provided Balzac with a rationale for elevating the King?s )] TJ ET BT 34.016 684.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(discretionary powers and ?prudence? above the normal laws of justice. Although Le Bret apparently did not )] TJ ET BT 34.016 670.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(explicitly invoke the concept of patriotism, he also saw the Prince as ?the vital breath that set in motion the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 656.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(body politic? \(p. 141\). Somewhat surprisingly, we therefore find ?absolute? royal power defended through a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 641.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(terminology and set of values often associated with republican resistance to tyranny, as in the Dutch revolt )] TJ ET BT 34.016 627.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(against Spain and later in the American and French Revolutions.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 601.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Two additional chapters extend this discussion while focusing on the 18th century. Lazl Kontler shows how )] TJ ET BT 34.016 587.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the Austrian academic theorist Joseph von Sonnenfels justified Austrian monarchy by its administrative )] TJ ET BT 34.016 572.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(competence and supposed rationality, which allegedly promoted the welfare of the country and its people, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 558.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(justifying patriotic dedication to the ruler. Sonnenfels shared a wider Enlightenment interest in empirical )] TJ ET BT 34.016 544.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(knowledge and practical reform. He believed in the possibility of creating a ?science of the state? that would )] TJ ET BT 34.016 530.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(reconcile competing individual interests to the public good, while providing for the security and prosperity )] TJ ET BT 34.016 515.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of the citizenry. Among other reforms he wanted to establish homes for unwed mothers to discourage )] TJ ET BT 34.016 501.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(infanticide, a ?commission of public morals? to censor the press and oversee education and a board of public )] TJ ET BT 34.016 487.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(health. But he was convinced that the best way to achieve these measures was through the ?enlightened )] TJ ET BT 34.016 473.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(despotism? of an all-powerful ruler, who would harness and direct the energies of his subjects for the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 458.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(common good. Montesquieu was wrong in thinking that patriotic virtue could only flourish in republics, he )] TJ ET BT 34.016 444.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(argued; a benevolent and rational monarch would be more effective in promoting love and devotion to the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 430.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(nation.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 404.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Broadly similar ideas seem to have inspired an appeal by the Danish crown to its subjects to devise )] TJ ET BT 34.016 389.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(proposals for economic improvement for presentation to the King on his birthday in 1755. This episode )] TJ ET BT 34.016 375.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(provides the starting point for Henrik Horstboll?s discussion of three Danish writers and pedagogues, Jens )] TJ ET BT 34.016 361.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Schielderup Neerdorff, Andreas Schytte and Frederik Sneedorff. J. S.Neerdoff, founded an academy for the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 347.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(moral and practical education of Danish nobles in 1747, and ten years later published a refutation of John )] TJ ET BT 34.016 332.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Locke?s attack on absolute monarchy in )] TJ ET BT 229.976 332.789 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(On Civil Government)] TJ ET BT 333.296 332.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(. According to Neerdoff absolute monarchy )] TJ ET BT 34.016 318.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(was the original form of Gothic government, rooted in a fundamental bond of trust between ruler and people )] TJ ET BT 34.016 304.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(natural to Germanic peoples. Schytte succeeded Neerdoff at his Academy, giving lectures on civil )] TJ ET BT 34.016 290.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(government, which he eventually published in eight volumes. He shared the elder Neerdoff?s admiration for )] TJ ET BT 34.016 275.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(absolute monarchy but believed that the prince should be guided by various advisory councils and, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 261.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(ultimately, by ?public opinion?. By contrast J. S. Neerdoff?s son, Frederick, became an admirer of the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 247.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(American republic and a student of revolutions, who advocated the spread of liberty, toleration and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 232.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(secularism. The comparison shows how a common concern for such 18th century values as education, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 218.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(rationality and the importance of public opinion might develop within either ?absolutist? or a republican and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 204.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(revolutionary frameworks. This cluster of essays suggests that the history of patriotism and its relation to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 190.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(both monarchist and republican thought might be another fruitful avenue for future research.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 478.256 190.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(2\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 478.256 188.835 m 492.248 188.835 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 163.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(In the remaining chapters Edward Vallance reconstructs the Presbyterian and Parliamentarian background of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 149.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the 1650s royalist publicist Robert Sherringham, as a warning against expecting too much consistency in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 135.461 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(political allegiance in mid 17th?century England. John Christian Laursen examines the seemingly )] TJ ET BT 34.016 121.205 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(improbable influence of Cynic philosophy on certain strains of monarchist thought, especially in the work of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 106.949 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Johann Friedrich Struense, Prime Minister of Denmark in 1770?2. Girolamo Imbruglia looks at Jansenist )] TJ ET BT 34.016 92.693 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(influences on political thought in Naples in the 1760s, while Michael Seidler provides a detailed )] TJ ET BT 34.016 78.437 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(reconstruction of Pufendorf?s theory of the state. Ioannis Evrigenis furnishes a detailed comparison of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 64.181 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Rousseau?s and Hobbes?s views on the state of nature, while Luisa Simonutti discusses Bayle?s views on )] TJ ET BT 34.016 49.925 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(16th?century monarchomach political thought and the )] TJ ET BT 296.648 49.925 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Vindiciae contra Tyrannos)] TJ ET BT 425.312 49.925 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(. The final essay by Tim )] TJ ET endstream endobj 21 0 obj [19 0 R /Fit] endobj 22 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 23 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 478.2557 189.1495 492.2477 201.0295 ] >> endobj 23 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 24 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 26 0 R 28 0 R 30 0 R ] /Contents 25 0 R >> endobj 25 0 obj << /Length 5248 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Hochstrasser discusses Denis Diderot?s friendship with the sculptor Etienne-Maurice Falconet and views )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(about the political importance of monumental statues.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 755.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(This collection does show the variety of philosophical ?languages? through which writers articulated views )] TJ ET BT 34.016 741.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of monarchy but for this reader it also raised questions about whether enumerating languages is the best way )] TJ ET BT 34.016 727.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of sorting through the thicket of early modern political thought. It seems potentially more useful to identify )] TJ ET BT 34.016 713.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(major concepts and conceptual problems that interested numerous thinkers over extended periods of time. As )] TJ ET BT 34.016 698.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(I have suggested, two of these ? the concepts of the commonwealth and patriotism ? emerge from comparing )] TJ ET BT 34.016 684.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the essays here assembled. The idea of the state of nature and the pursuit of rational systems of social )] TJ ET BT 34.016 670.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(improvement through political reform also suggest themselves as potential organizing themes in some of the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 656.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(chapters. Except for Seidler and a brief section in Sommerville?s chapter, none of the contributors devotes )] TJ ET BT 34.016 641.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(much attention to concepts of the state, although this word had already attained a prominent place in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 627.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Europe?s political vocabulary by the late 16th century. Apart from Hochstrasser the contributors also ignore )] TJ ET BT 34.016 613.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the role of the visual arts, court ceremony and performative genres like ballet and opera in projecting ideas )] TJ ET BT 34.016 599.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(about monarchy and monarchs. But despite such lacunae ? inevitable in any one-volume collection ? there is )] TJ ET BT 34.016 584.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(much of interest in these essays.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 549.987 Td /F3 18.0 Tf [(Notes)] TJ ET BT 48.816 519.370 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(1.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 519.365 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(See for example John Adamson, )] TJ ET BT 222.656 519.365 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The Noble Revolt: The Overthrow of Charles I )] TJ ET BT 449.312 519.365 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(London, 2007\); Paul )] TJ ET BT 64.016 505.109 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Hammer, )] TJ ET BT 112.004 505.109 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The Polarisation of Elizabethan Politics: The Political Career of Robert Devereux, 2nd Earl )] TJ ET BT 64.016 490.853 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(of Essex, 1585?1597)] TJ ET BT 163.676 490.853 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(Cambridge, 1999\); Richard McCoy, ?Old English nonour in an evil time: )] TJ ET BT 64.016 476.597 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(aristocratic principle in the 1620s? in )] TJ ET BT 245.324 476.597 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The Stuart Court and Europe: Essays in Politics and Political )] TJ ET BT 64.016 462.341 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Culture)] TJ ET BT 100.688 462.341 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, ed. R. Malcolm Smuts \(Cambridge, 1996\), pp. 133?55 .)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 374.012 462.341 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(1\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 374.012 460.947 m 428.000 460.947 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 48.816 448.090 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(2.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 448.085 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(For three other recent essays addressing this topic see Peter Arnade, ?The city defeated and defended. )] TJ ET BT 64.016 433.829 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(civism as political identity in the Habsburg-Burgundian Netherlands,? Alastair Duke, ?In defence of )] TJ ET BT 64.016 419.573 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the Common Fatherland. Patriotism and liberty in the Low Countries, 1555?1576,? and Robert von )] TJ ET BT 64.016 405.317 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Friedeburg, ??Lands? and ?Fatherlands?. Change in the plurality of allegiance in the sixteenth century )] TJ ET BT 64.016 391.061 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Holy Roman Empire,? in )] TJ ET BT 187.676 391.061 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Networks, Regions and Nations: Shaping Identities in the Low Countries, )] TJ ET BT 64.016 376.805 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(1300?1650)] TJ ET BT 118.016 376.805 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, ed. Robert Stein and Judith Pollman \(Leiden and Boston, 2010\), pp. 195?216, 217?240 )] TJ ET BT 64.016 362.549 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and 263?82.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 122.672 362.549 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(2\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 122.672 361.155 m 176.660 361.155 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 336.293 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The editors wish to thank the reviewer and do not feel the need to respond.)] TJ ET 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.391 319.567 526.499 1.500 re S BT 34.016 301.787 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Source URL:)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 104.672 301.787 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/review/1242)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 104.672 300.393 m 328.316 300.393 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 275.416 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Links:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 261.016 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([1] http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/item/14621)] TJ ET endstream endobj 26 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 27 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 374.0117 461.2615 427.9997 473.1415 ] >> endobj 27 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /GoTo /D 16 0 R >> endobj 28 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 29 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 122.6717 361.4695 176.6597 373.3495 ] >> endobj 29 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /GoTo /D 21 0 R >> endobj 30 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 31 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 104.6717 300.7075 328.3157 312.5875 ] >> endobj 31 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/review/1242) >> endobj xref 0 32 0000000000 65535 f 0000000008 00000 n 0000000073 00000 n 0000000119 00000 n 0000000342 00000 n 0000000379 00000 n 0000000551 00000 n 0000000633 00000 n 0000004807 00000 n 0000004916 00000 n 0000005026 00000 n 0000005135 00000 n 0000008696 00000 n 0000008824 00000 n 0000008908 00000 n 0000008992 00000 n 0000016795 00000 n 0000016825 00000 n 0000016953 00000 n 0000016989 00000 n 0000017073 00000 n 0000025098 00000 n 0000025128 00000 n 0000025256 00000 n 0000025292 00000 n 0000025390 00000 n 0000030691 00000 n 0000030819 00000 n 0000030874 00000 n 0000031002 00000 n 0000031057 00000 n 0000031185 00000 n trailer << /Size 32 /Root 1 0 R /Info 5 0 R >> startxref 31281 %%EOF