%PDF-1.3 1 0 obj << /Type /Catalog /Outlines 2 0 R /Pages 3 0 R >> endobj 2 0 obj << /Type /Outlines /Count 0 >> endobj 3 0 obj << /Type /Pages /Kids [6 0 R 32 0 R 37 0 R 42 0 R 50 0 R ] /Count 5 /Resources << /ProcSet 4 0 R /Font << /F1 8 0 R /F2 9 0 R /F3 10 0 R >> /XObject << /I1 11 0 R >> >> /MediaBox [0.000 0.000 595.280 841.890] >> endobj 4 0 obj [/PDF /Text /ImageC ] endobj 5 0 obj << /Creator (DOMPDF) /CreationDate (D:20140918153027+01'00') /ModDate (D:20140918153027+01'00') /Title (Prosopography of Anglo-Saxon England) >> endobj 6 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 12 0 R 14 0 R 16 0 R 18 0 R 20 0 R 22 0 R 24 0 R 26 0 R 28 0 R 30 0 R ] /Contents 7 0 R >> endobj 7 0 obj << /Length 7651 >> stream q 381.750 0 0 120.000 34.016 687.874 cm /I1 Do Q 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Published on )] TJ ET BT 99.356 676.469 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Reviews in History)] TJ ET BT 190.016 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \()] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 197.012 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 197.012 675.075 m 357.332 675.075 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 357.332 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\))] TJ ET 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.391 653.743 526.499 1.500 re S BT 34.016 615.321 Td /F3 18.0 Tf [(Prosopography of Anglo-Saxon England)] TJ ET BT 34.016 344.603 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Anglo-Saxon historians are in an enviable position when it comes to electronic resources. We already have a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 330.347 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(host of helpful websites at our fingertips: the )] TJ ET BT 251.996 330.347 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Electronic Sawyer)] TJ ET BT 340.316 330.347 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \()] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 347.312 330.347 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.esawyer.org.uk/)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 347.312 328.953 m 481.628 328.953 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 484.628 330.347 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([2])] TJ ET BT 498.620 330.347 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\), )] TJ ET BT 508.616 330.347 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Kemble)] TJ ET BT 545.276 330.347 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \()] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 34.016 316.091 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.kemble.asnc.cam.ac.uk/)] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.016 314.697 m 206.324 314.697 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 209.324 316.091 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([3])] TJ ET BT 223.316 316.091 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\), )] TJ ET BT 233.312 316.091 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(ASChart)] TJ ET BT 274.652 316.091 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \()] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 281.648 316.091 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.aschart.kcl.ac.uk/)] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 281.648 314.697 m 422.960 314.697 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 425.960 316.091 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([4])] TJ ET BT 439.952 316.091 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\) and )] TJ ET BT 467.276 316.091 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Langscape)] TJ ET BT 519.272 316.091 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \()] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 34.016 301.835 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.langscape.org.uk/)] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.016 300.441 m 176.336 300.441 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 179.336 301.835 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([5])] TJ ET BT 193.328 301.835 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\) for charters; the )] TJ ET BT 279.296 301.835 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Fontes Anglo-Saxonici Database)] TJ ET BT 437.948 301.835 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \()] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 34.016 287.579 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://fontes.english.ox.ac.uk/)] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.016 286.185 m 176.684 286.185 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 179.684 287.579 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([6])] TJ ET BT 193.676 287.579 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\) for the Latin sources of Anglo-Saxon literature \(both Latin and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 273.323 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(vernacular\); the )] TJ ET BT 112.652 273.323 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Corpus of Early Medieval Coins)] TJ ET BT 268.652 273.323 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( for numismatics \()] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 34.016 259.067 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.fitzmuseum.cam.ac.uk/coins/emc/)] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.016 257.673 m 255.332 257.673 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 258.332 259.067 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([7])] TJ ET BT 272.324 259.067 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\); and the )] TJ ET BT 320.648 259.067 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Portable Antiquities Database)] TJ ET BT 466.652 259.067 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( for artefact finds )] TJ ET BT 34.016 244.811 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(including coins\) \()] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 122.672 244.811 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://finds.org.uk/database)] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 122.672 243.417 m 254.000 243.417 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 257.000 244.811 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([8])] TJ ET BT 270.992 244.811 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\). It might, therefore, be doubted whether there is much )] TJ ET BT 34.016 230.555 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(room for a new resource to join these. Nevertheless, for a number of reasons the )] TJ ET BT 421.580 230.555 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Prosopography of Anglo-)] TJ ET BT 34.016 216.299 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Saxon England)] TJ ET BT 107.012 216.299 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(affectionately known as )] TJ ET BT 231.644 216.299 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(PASE)] TJ ET BT 259.640 216.299 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(: )] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 265.976 216.299 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.pase.ac.uk/)] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 265.976 214.905 m 376.964 214.905 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 379.964 216.299 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([9])] TJ ET BT 393.956 216.299 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\) is to be welcomed. It provides a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 202.043 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(powerful new tool which adds substantially to the previous resources available.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 175.787 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(As the )] TJ ET BT 68.012 175.787 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(PASE)] TJ ET BT 96.008 175.787 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( database informs the reader, it is the product of two successive projects funded by the Arts and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 161.531 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Humanities Research Board \(and latterly Council\): )] TJ ET BT 281.312 161.531 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(PASE 1)] TJ ET BT 318.308 161.531 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, which ran from 2000 to 2004; and )] TJ ET BT 491.288 161.531 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(PASE 2)] TJ ET BT 528.284 161.531 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 147.275 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(which ran from 2005 to 2008, with extensions up to 2010. The project team changed a number of times over )] TJ ET BT 34.016 133.019 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the years, though two of its directors, Janet L. Nelson and Simon Keynes, remained constant, offering a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 118.763 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(degree of continuity. )] TJ ET BT 136.664 118.763 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(PASE 1)] TJ ET BT 173.660 118.763 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( was launched first and the joint material from both projects was made available )] TJ ET BT 34.016 104.507 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(in 23 December 2009, though further resources were added later on 18 August 2010.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 78.251 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(According to the site, the aim of )] TJ ET BT 191.996 78.251 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(PASE)] TJ ET BT 219.992 78.251 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( is ?to record information about Anglo-Saxon persons, or persons )] TJ ET BT 34.016 63.995 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(important in the Anglo-Saxon world, as presented in contemporary source materials? \()] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 34.016 49.739 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.pase.ac.uk/about/methodology/index.html)] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.016 48.345 m 293.348 48.345 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 296.348 49.739 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([10])] TJ ET BT 316.340 49.739 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\). The resulting resource is designed to replace )] TJ ET BT 34.016 584.699 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Review Number:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 570.443 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(1244)] TJ ET BT 34.016 556.187 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publish date:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 541.931 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Thursday, 3 May, 2012)] TJ ET BT 34.016 527.675 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Editor:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 513.419 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Stephen Baxter)] TJ ET BT 34.016 499.163 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(ISBN:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 484.907 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Date of Publication:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 470.651 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(2011)] TJ ET BT 34.016 456.395 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publisher:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 442.139 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(King's College London)] TJ ET BT 34.016 427.883 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publisher url:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 413.627 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Place of Publication:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 399.371 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(London)] TJ ET BT 34.016 385.115 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Reviewer:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 370.859 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Levi Roach)] TJ ET endstream endobj 8 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F1 /BaseFont /Times-Roman /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 9 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F2 /BaseFont /Times-Italic /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 10 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F3 /BaseFont /Times-Bold /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 11 0 obj << /Type /XObject /Subtype /Image /Width 509 /Height 160 /Filter /FlateDecode /DecodeParms << /Predictor 15 /Colors 3 /Columns 509 /BitsPerComponent 8>> /Mask [ 255 255 255 255 255 255 ] /ColorSpace /DeviceRGB /BitsPerComponent 8 /Length 3280>> stream x[EQ㎦fVttҒ +3O{?lGDQԯDrB^.ϯ%~'0۠/2>0AG_>0j0GCfE67>rB^}@  !&y+r?INp:erc b8f=rQC!~-Wf^^zF[)G 2ޯe7V_Go3Ke GEGOo8rώ#\1ZY~N6^H}yLxS-!:412V+u\-LSO?xVvZ|GjǮT_8EYJF=Tw^ 7GxfN/S:Ʌ~ʟtt?5n÷J'JcF-GVξx{rO~tJd;#a\7}|~y'>}c2C vR}f׈**h.)_&@pfzjsx:5;S\vKhM5j=!Cn+h"u]a EUN]jn=k<,:Ք>sU!ni~6EJ)¦72?G}[y}_vc$t?iSܟ2Zݞ,VN?_`='RFK1A2qv&X_lLRWY'%:I㢖zb_UEx\>&ɆBˏ~K@ \gYØU4}$8Dv!'Q'*+Εj(UCGo[#< 2Ja(sZi9fZKE Rn`u\9r^Zmɯ׹}mstO4uc~#'jEvۼ Dx[z ޏQ4KL5,5u3>i^uÒ-53ba ~,~/pyt1fMU'CVm:qv~=Y'Es"WsφG?l_kN5}],Ow7 uh`xƫ?zMl7ٻv$A(4Dl(wwH} ?=[=S;yC]^BK>㕪9`Z'Wj;E|:bf>kCԘ#RY,iv쵗~}n'"1u" *uO΄/2^Sxr(!/DD\~mJyZ!MmrA!#u[if|99WB WΡpp}w}sh#,\ &:%˳X?D3 %W0cC?o̲^} F3XLVn]Cߖiϧ!7}yZJ#P7]=)7Ρp;>> Ye^xx{Oafw{ ;>4gfLt ʊ:q%#r/)pv!O4wGh|dS ӣݽހ-gVUC'pBxrB^} 7JA^} /'8!`:r?}}],X  }6y!`/~Br?}Q< >k7vx"] ,' .3jn{-i}|~%-};b6#U)7繎kiEw 㤳:E}[޼c"rꬊ7Dc$~"/Y&zSd:tFȌCrʙ`7u .#[-<)j ?TGS(j~oTup(hjU4PlJ=}|it.ҽ@\wʨuXÞZcx18Wo<~ikOg,ވ\^?EneyZcc0[R١z|zv7_m:_n]a?osS3~j^ hD.a_X'KfBX6w wݶ"Oa:,bvhrWH[uCF-Xfc}>x+Rz)2N-B 7y^٨;[/vg? | |2Sve}=o䑰j[vWjF0{굦?VI~}xM(_TlG__+]:#к?S} c>GŸD7 !w{S{B =x7a?oE#)+Gz:o_4Q<;n?\tt7?mGCџQGu4kņOF>F?#} hP&ђߴM#u!.СtL2^#o nIk_i.~7tr@n 1P~3?.[]=S5b߮~Yo^HFH YBi8a4iom>CKgMy*;?zqEӕ` >zB9iFzC?XF?ޟIܰ펉A}{I5ᄊx%ez#Mp@rߎpi]IOVjzuJt\۰f׺u5><,J~PTJp1)}){9N {!`/> endstream endobj 12 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 13 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 197.0117 675.3895 357.3317 687.2695 ] >> endobj 13 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews) >> endobj 14 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 15 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 347.3117 329.2675 481.6277 341.1475 ] >> endobj 15 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.esawyer.org.uk/) >> endobj 16 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 17 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 34.0157 315.0115 206.3237 326.8915 ] >> endobj 17 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.kemble.asnc.cam.ac.uk/) >> endobj 18 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 19 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 281.6477 315.0115 422.9597 326.8915 ] >> endobj 19 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.aschart.kcl.ac.uk/) >> endobj 20 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 21 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 34.0157 300.7555 176.3357 312.6355 ] >> endobj 21 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.langscape.org.uk/) >> endobj 22 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 23 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 34.0157 286.4995 176.6837 298.3795 ] >> endobj 23 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://fontes.english.ox.ac.uk/) >> endobj 24 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 25 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 34.0157 257.9875 255.3317 269.8675 ] >> endobj 25 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.fitzmuseum.cam.ac.uk/coins/emc/) >> endobj 26 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 27 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 122.6717 243.7315 253.9997 255.6115 ] >> endobj 27 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://finds.org.uk/database) >> endobj 28 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 29 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 265.9757 215.2195 376.9637 227.0995 ] >> endobj 29 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.pase.ac.uk/) >> endobj 30 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 31 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 34.0157 48.6595 293.3477 60.5395 ] >> endobj 31 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.pase.ac.uk/about/methodology/index.html) >> endobj 32 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 35 0 R ] /Contents 33 0 R >> endobj 33 0 obj << /Length 8352 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Searle?s )] TJ ET BT 77.000 796.469 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Onomasticon Anglo-Saxonicum)] TJ ET BT 229.316 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, which for generations had been the standard prosopographical tool, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(but whose shortcomings were many and well known.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 289.316 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(1\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 289.316 780.819 m 303.308 780.819 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 303.308 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( Indeed, the advent of modern computer technology )] TJ ET BT 34.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(has been a great boon for projects such as this, offering the potential to create a more flexible and user-)] TJ ET BT 34.016 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(friendly tool than was possible in the age of print. Thus a book such as Searle?s )] TJ ET BT 418.964 753.701 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Onomasticon)] TJ ET BT 482.960 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, even if )] TJ ET BT 34.016 739.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(thoroughly revised and up-dated, can only be searched in a limited number of ways: the reader ultimately )] TJ ET BT 34.016 725.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(must know the name he or she is looking for and has little way of searching by geography \(people attested in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 710.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(certain regions\), gender, possession, and so on. However, all of these possibilities ? and many more ? are )] TJ ET BT 34.016 696.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(afforded by the )] TJ ET BT 110.324 696.677 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(PASE)] TJ ET BT 138.320 696.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( database and this is what truly makes it unique: the same data are accessible from )] TJ ET BT 34.016 682.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(numerous different angles. Moreover, it has been possible to aim for a degree of comprehensiveness )] TJ ET BT 34.016 668.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(previously unthinkable: without the limitations of printing costs there have been effectively no limits ? save )] TJ ET BT 34.016 653.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(those imposed by time and manpower ? on the amount of information included. A quick glance at the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 639.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(statistics accompanying the database is most impressive in this respect: over 19,000 individuals have been )] TJ ET BT 34.016 625.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(recorded, with over 180,000 different ?factoids? about them.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 599.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The database itself is set out in a rather chic-looking site with information about the project provided under )] TJ ET BT 34.016 584.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(?About )] TJ ET BT 72.344 584.885 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(PASE)] TJ ET BT 100.340 584.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(?. This includes not only background on the course and development of the project, but also an )] TJ ET BT 34.016 570.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(introduction to prosopography, an explanation of the project?s aims, and much more besides. Of particular )] TJ ET BT 34.016 556.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(interest is the section on ?Data gathering?, where the methods employed by the team in collecting and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 542.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(rationalising data are set out. This is very informative on a technical level, explaining the forms used for data )] TJ ET BT 34.016 527.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(capture and the process of entering this material into the database, but somewhat less so when it comes to the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 513.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(approach taken by the researchers. Thus, for example, the job of ?merging? profiles ? that is, of going )] TJ ET BT 34.016 499.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(through all the profiles and deciding whether two separately attested individuals bearing the same name are )] TJ ET BT 34.016 485.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(in fact same person ? is described in rather lapidary fashion: ?The merging of names was a process that )] TJ ET BT 34.016 470.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(could not be automated because it demanded a knowledge of the sources and scholarly judgment. During )] TJ ET BT 34.016 456.581 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(PASE 1)] TJ ET BT 71.012 456.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, John Bradley provided a technical tool for doing the merging and the task of merging named )] TJ ET BT 34.016 442.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(persons was undertaken by Alex Burghart and Francesca Tinti during )] TJ ET BT 370.616 442.325 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(PASE 1)] TJ ET BT 407.612 442.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, and by Ben Snook during )] TJ ET BT 34.016 428.069 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(PASE 2)] TJ ET BT 71.012 428.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(?. While this tells us who performed the task, it does not provide any information about how they )] TJ ET BT 34.016 413.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(went about it, or about the criteria employed in making such decisions. Indeed, given the fact that much ? )] TJ ET BT 34.016 399.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(arguably most ? prosopographical research in this period involves trying to answer the tricky question of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 385.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(whether two separately attested individuals are in fact the same person, one whould like to know rather here: )] TJ ET BT 34.016 371.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(has the team been bold, making as many identifications as possible, or has it been conservative, consciously )] TJ ET BT 34.016 356.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(leaving this task to the database?s users? My own impression ? gained implicitly by exploring the database ? )] TJ ET BT 34.016 342.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(is that the latter approach has generally prevailed, and there is much to commend this.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 316.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The database itself is at a first glance slightly intimidating: the user is faced by a series of search bars on the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 302.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(left-hand side, offering the option of searching by text, person, source, possession, location and date. One )] TJ ET BT 34.016 287.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(must also make an executive decision as to whether the search should include ?coin data? and ?Domesday )] TJ ET BT 34.016 273.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(data?. However, while all of this may seem a bit daunting, particularly for the uninitiated, a detailed )] TJ ET BT 34.016 259.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(description of the search options is provided on the right-hand side. It is here that the rationale behind the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 244.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(layout and main search options available is explained, drawing attention to the fact that many of the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 230.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(individuals listed in coin and Domesday data are known only through one ?factoid? \(generally that the figure )] TJ ET BT 34.016 216.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(minted coins or owned land\). The advantage of being able to filter this material out is therefore clear: it )] TJ ET BT 34.016 202.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(might otherwise overwhelm a search, making it tougher to get at the data one really wants. There are )] TJ ET BT 34.016 187.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(ultimately two kinds of search, each of which can be pursued via further search options: one can search by )] TJ ET BT 34.016 173.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(?person?, in which case an individual associated with a specific source, possession etc. will be displayed; or )] TJ ET BT 34.016 159.461 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(one can search by ?factoid?, bringing up details of the pieces of information that associate a specific source, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 145.205 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(possession etc. with a person \(or persons\) in the database.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 118.949 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The navigation of the site works well and, though it is perhaps not quite as user-friendly as one might desire, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 104.693 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(one rapidly becomes accustomed to it. Indeed, although I found myself confused at a few points ? and it )] TJ ET BT 34.016 90.437 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(should be said that I already had a passing acquaintance with the database, as well as its )] TJ ET BT 458.600 90.437 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(PASE 1)] TJ ET BT 495.596 90.437 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( predecessor )] TJ ET BT 34.016 76.181 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(?, I found that navigation became easier as I became more accustomed to how the database ?works?. Indeed, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 61.925 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(though the interface is not always the most intuitive, its strength lies in the way that it guides the user )] TJ ET endstream endobj 34 0 obj [32 0 R /Fit] endobj 35 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 36 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 289.3157 781.1335 303.3077 793.0135 ] >> endobj 36 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 37 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 40 0 R ] /Contents 38 0 R >> endobj 38 0 obj << /Length 8343 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(through the process of searching, providing further information and explanations \(visible on the right-hand )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(side\) throughout. This means that when something is unclear, guidance is always at hand. The actual )] TJ ET BT 34.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(mechanisms of searching work well and are largely self-explanatory: if one clicks on a specific search option )] TJ ET BT 34.016 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the relevant data are then listed alphabetically and the user can single out the information he or she desires to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 739.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(view in greater detail. The ability to add or remove coin and Domesday data with a single click is very useful )] TJ ET BT 34.016 725.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(here and the default setting seems to be that successive searches are cumulative. Thus, for example, if one )] TJ ET BT 34.016 710.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(searches for the name ?Edward? and comes up with the relevant \(50\) entries for the name, any further )] TJ ET BT 34.016 696.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(searches will be run within this data set. This is a useful feature, especially when searching for people falling )] TJ ET BT 34.016 682.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(into specific categories \(e.g. women attested in London\). Moreover, at any point the user can quite literally )] TJ ET BT 34.016 668.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(press the reset button \(or in this case the ?reset constraints? button\), clearing all previous data.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 641.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Although it is difficult to compare the new interface with that of its predecessor, )] TJ ET BT 422.288 641.909 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(PASE 1)] TJ ET BT 459.284 641.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, since this is no-)] TJ ET BT 34.016 627.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(longer available, the present version seems to be more clearly laid-out, better explained and ? perhaps most )] TJ ET BT 34.016 613.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(importantly ? more flexible. Indeed, a number of the search options, such as searching by location, are new, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 599.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(allowing users to access data from even more angles. This means, for example, that I was swiftly able to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 584.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(come up with a number of figures associated with the possession of weapons \(ten individuals\). However, not )] TJ ET BT 34.016 570.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(all searches work so seamlessly. When I tested the location search, by looking up Lydford, Devon, the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 556.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(database brought up six individuals associated with the site, ranging from ?anonymi 2204? to ?William 1? )] TJ ET BT 34.016 542.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(i.e. William the Conqueror\). Yet when I sought to discover what connected one individual, namely )] TJ ET BT 34.016 527.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(?thelred 32? \(i.e. King thelred ?the Unready?\), with this place, I was left baffled; all that clicking on )] TJ ET BT 34.016 513.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(?thelred 32? did was bring up his entire \(extremely detailed\) profile, with no indication of where Lydford )] TJ ET BT 34.016 499.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(was to be found within it. Given that some 566 ?events? and even more overall ?factoids? are associated )] TJ ET BT 34.016 485.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(with King thelred, it is hardly practicable to scroll through all of this in order to find out where Lydford )] TJ ET BT 34.016 470.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(might be hidden amongst it. Of course, the canny user would at this point change from searching for )] TJ ET BT 34.016 456.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(?persons? \(as I had been\) to ?factoids? and come up with the information that coins were struck in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 442.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(thelred?s name at Lydford, but this line of action was by no means self-evident and it took me a few )] TJ ET BT 34.016 428.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(moments to realise that this was the solution to my problem. Still, it would be wrong to make too much of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 413.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(such slight difficulties; these are the sorts of lesson the user need only learn once, and the database becomes )] TJ ET BT 34.016 399.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(easier to use the longer one works with it. Indeed, it is far more impressive that such details can be singled )] TJ ET BT 34.016 385.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(out in this fashion, than that they at times take a few minutes to isolate.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 359.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The overall accuracy of the database is naturally difficult to judge, since any single user can only scratch the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 344.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(surface of it. However, having completed a number of more or less random test searches, focusing on )] TJ ET BT 34.016 330.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(periods and individuals I am well acquainted with, I am satisfied that it is truly comprehensive and that )] TJ ET BT 34.016 316.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(omissions or mistakes ? which doubtless will be present in a project of this scale ? are few and far between. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 302.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(It was by performing such searches that I began to get a sense for the approach taken in merging profiles. As )] TJ ET BT 34.016 287.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(mentioned above, the policy seems to have been conservative: where two or more figures with the same )] TJ ET BT 34.016 273.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(name appear in documents of a similar era they are generally listed as separate individuals, unless there are )] TJ ET BT 34.016 259.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(good reasons for associating them. Nevertheless, helpful cross-references are often provided, pointing out )] TJ ET BT 34.016 244.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(where an individual may be the same as one or more others in the database. Thus, for example, in the entry )] TJ ET BT 34.016 230.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(for ?thelgeard 2?, a mid 10th?century thegn who is known from charter attestations, the user is informed )] TJ ET BT 34.016 216.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(that he is likely the same individual as ?thelgeard 3?, who appears in the New Minster )] TJ ET BT 460.952 216.485 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Liber vitae)] TJ ET BT 513.284 216.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(. A )] TJ ET BT 34.016 202.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(different case, however, is posed by the ealdorman known as thelstan ?Rota?. The career of this individual )] TJ ET BT 34.016 187.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(is hard to trace: an thelstan attests charters as ealdormen in Eadred?s reign, then disappears in 948, though )] TJ ET BT 34.016 173.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(in 955 an thelstan appears as an ealdorman at Eadwig?s court, carrying the by-name ?Rota?. The difficulty )] TJ ET BT 34.016 159.461 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(here lies in deciding whether or not these two are the same individual and it is interesting to note is that )] TJ ET BT 34.016 145.205 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(despite the significant time-lag between their attestations these are all associated with one individual, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 130.949 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(?thelstan 31?, in )] TJ ET BT 126.008 130.949 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(PASE)] TJ ET BT 154.004 130.949 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(. This is in many ways a more daring identification than that of ?thelgeard 2? )] TJ ET BT 34.016 116.693 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(with ?thelgeard 3? and the impression, therefore, is that the policy followed at the stage of merging )] TJ ET BT 34.016 102.437 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(profiles may not have been as consistent as one might have desired. Indeed, in this case the choice to identify )] TJ ET BT 34.016 88.181 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(all of these attestations with the same figure is particularly surprising, since present scholarly orthodoxy )] TJ ET BT 34.016 73.925 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(holds that they in fact belong to two different ealdormen.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 307.976 73.925 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(2\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 307.976 72.531 m 321.968 72.531 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 321.968 73.925 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( It is moments such as these which make the user )] TJ ET BT 34.016 59.669 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(want to know more about the rationale at work at the merging stage; it may be that )] TJ ET BT 433.628 59.669 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(PASE)] TJ ET BT 461.624 59.669 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( is correct here, but )] TJ ET endstream endobj 39 0 obj [37 0 R /Fit] endobj 40 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 41 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 307.9757 72.8455 321.9677 84.7255 ] >> endobj 41 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 42 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 44 0 R 46 0 R 48 0 R ] /Contents 43 0 R >> endobj 43 0 obj << /Length 6329 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(no justification or explanation is given. This also highlights a potential danger of the database: all of the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(identifications made within it are presented as fact and a user not already acquainted with the period would )] TJ ET BT 34.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(have little reason to query the database on a point such as this. However, this is but one case and it would be )] TJ ET BT 34.016 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(unfair to impugn the database on it alone. Indeed, in general a justifiably conservative policy seems to have )] TJ ET BT 34.016 739.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(prevailed ? one which leaves more daring identifications up to the user.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 713.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Perhaps the most impressive part of the present )] TJ ET BT 263.984 713.189 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(PASE)] TJ ET BT 291.980 713.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( database ? which was not available in earlier versions )] TJ ET BT 34.016 698.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(? is the Domesday material, which can be accessed by a tab at the top of the screen. This allows users to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 684.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(access prosopographical data from Domesday Book in tabular, cartographic or statistical form, making a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 670.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(wealth of information available in an extremely helpful manner. The ability to map Domesday data is to be )] TJ ET BT 34.016 656.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(particularly praised, as it allows one to envisage individuals and estates both on a map and in more statistical )] TJ ET BT 34.016 641.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(form. In fact, it might have been helpful to have the option of mapping relevant data within the main )] TJ ET BT 34.016 627.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(database \(such as, for example, the estates mentioned in wills\), though presumably both time and funding )] TJ ET BT 34.016 613.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(limited the team in this respect. In any case, this sophisticated tool will make )] TJ ET BT 405.992 613.397 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(PASE)] TJ ET BT 433.988 613.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( the first place to go for )] TJ ET BT 34.016 599.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(all future prosopographical work using Domesday Book.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 572.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Despite the occasional criticism, the ultimate verdict on )] TJ ET BT 304.316 572.885 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(PASE)] TJ ET BT 332.312 572.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( must be positive: it is a huge improvement on )] TJ ET BT 34.016 558.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(what was previously available and if at times it leaves the user wanting to know more, wanting to be able to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 544.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(search more material in more different ways, then it is to be all the more welcomed for this. It is designed as )] TJ ET BT 34.016 530.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(a research tool and as such does not mark the end of the study of Anglo-Saxon prosopography, but rather a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 515.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(bright new beginning. It is particularly important in this respect that )] TJ ET BT 362.660 515.861 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(PASE)] TJ ET BT 390.656 515.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( is open to the general public: )] TJ ET BT 34.016 501.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(anyone with an internet connection \(or with access to one\) can use the database and this is therefore certainly )] TJ ET BT 34.016 487.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(not an ?Ivory Tower? resource. Once again Anglo-Saxon studies has set a benchmark for its counterparts )] TJ ET BT 34.016 473.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(when it comes to electronic resources and it is to be sincerely hoped that similar projects will be devised to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 458.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(tackle the problems of Carolingian, Ottonian, Capetian and Anglo-Norman prosopography. )] TJ ET BT 474.956 458.837 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(PASE)] TJ ET BT 502.952 458.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( marks a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 444.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(milestone in the study of Anglo-Saxon England and will become the electronic )] TJ ET BT 415.976 444.581 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(vade mecum)] TJ ET BT 475.616 444.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( of a new )] TJ ET BT 34.016 430.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(generation of scholars.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 395.427 Td /F3 18.0 Tf [(Notes)] TJ ET BT 34.016 364.805 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The editors intend to respond collectively in due course.)] TJ ET BT 48.816 338.554 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(1.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 338.549 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(W. G. Searle, )] TJ ET BT 131.996 338.549 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Onomasticon Anglo-Saxonicum: A List of Anglo-Saxon Proper Names from the Time of )] TJ ET BT 64.016 324.293 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Beda to that of King John)] TJ ET BT 187.688 324.293 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(Cambridge, 1897\).)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 285.008 324.293 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(1\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 285.008 322.899 m 338.996 322.899 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 48.816 310.042 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(2.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 310.037 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(See, for example, A. Williams, ?)] TJ ET BT 220.988 310.037 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Princeps Merciorum gentis)] TJ ET BT 352.304 310.037 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(: the family, career and connections of )] TJ ET BT 64.016 295.781 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(lfhere, Ealdorman of Mercia, 956?83?, )] TJ ET BT 263.960 295.781 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Anglo-Saxon England)] TJ ET BT 369.620 295.781 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, 10 \(1982\), 143?72, 146?7; and S. )] TJ ET BT 64.016 281.525 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Keynes, ?Edgar, )] TJ ET BT 145.988 281.525 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(rex admirabilis)] TJ ET BT 219.656 281.525 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(?, in )] TJ ET BT 243.320 281.525 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Edgar, King of the English 959?75: New Interpretations)] TJ ET BT 514.664 281.525 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, ed. D. )] TJ ET BT 64.016 267.269 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Scragg \(Woodbridge, 2008\))] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 198.320 267.269 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(2\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 198.320 265.875 m 252.308 265.875 l S 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.391 250.543 526.499 1.500 re S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 232.763 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Source URL:)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 104.672 232.763 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/review/1244)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 104.672 231.369 m 328.316 231.369 l S endstream endobj 44 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 45 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 285.0077 323.2135 338.9957 335.0935 ] >> endobj 45 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /GoTo /D 34 0 R >> endobj 46 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 47 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 198.3197 266.1895 252.3077 278.0695 ] >> endobj 47 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /GoTo /D 39 0 R >> endobj 48 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 49 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 104.6717 231.6835 328.3157 243.5635 ] >> endobj 49 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/review/1244) >> endobj 50 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Contents 51 0 R >> endobj 51 0 obj << /Length 957 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 784.354 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Links:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 769.954 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([1] http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/item/15472)] TJ ET BT 34.016 755.554 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([2] http://www.esawyer.org.uk/)] TJ ET BT 34.016 741.154 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([3] http://www.kemble.asnc.cam.ac.uk/)] TJ ET BT 34.016 726.754 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([4] http://www.aschart.kcl.ac.uk/)] TJ ET BT 34.016 712.354 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([5] http://www.langscape.org.uk/)] TJ ET BT 34.016 697.954 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([6] http://fontes.english.ox.ac.uk/)] TJ ET BT 34.016 683.554 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([7] http://www.fitzmuseum.cam.ac.uk/coins/emc/)] TJ ET BT 34.016 669.154 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([8] http://finds.org.uk/database)] TJ ET BT 34.016 654.754 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([9] http://www.pase.ac.uk/)] TJ ET BT 34.016 640.354 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([10] http://www.pase.ac.uk/about/methodology/index.html)] TJ ET endstream endobj xref 0 52 0000000000 65535 f 0000000008 00000 n 0000000073 00000 n 0000000119 00000 n 0000000349 00000 n 0000000386 00000 n 0000000546 00000 n 0000000691 00000 n 0000008394 00000 n 0000008503 00000 n 0000008613 00000 n 0000008722 00000 n 0000012283 00000 n 0000012411 00000 n 0000012495 00000 n 0000012623 00000 n 0000012701 00000 n 0000012828 00000 n 0000012913 00000 n 0000013041 00000 n 0000013122 00000 n 0000013249 00000 n 0000013329 00000 n 0000013456 00000 n 0000013539 00000 n 0000013666 00000 n 0000013760 00000 n 0000013888 00000 n 0000013968 00000 n 0000014096 00000 n 0000014170 00000 n 0000014295 00000 n 0000014397 00000 n 0000014481 00000 n 0000022886 00000 n 0000022916 00000 n 0000023044 00000 n 0000023080 00000 n 0000023164 00000 n 0000031560 00000 n 0000031590 00000 n 0000031716 00000 n 0000031752 00000 n 0000031850 00000 n 0000038232 00000 n 0000038360 00000 n 0000038415 00000 n 0000038543 00000 n 0000038598 00000 n 0000038726 00000 n 0000038822 00000 n 0000038887 00000 n trailer << /Size 52 /Root 1 0 R /Info 5 0 R >> startxref 39896 %%EOF