%PDF-1.3 1 0 obj << /Type /Catalog /Outlines 2 0 R /Pages 3 0 R >> endobj 2 0 obj << /Type /Outlines /Count 0 >> endobj 3 0 obj << /Type /Pages /Kids [6 0 R 20 0 R 27 0 R 32 0 R ] /Count 4 /Resources << /ProcSet 4 0 R /Font << /F1 8 0 R /F2 9 0 R /F3 10 0 R >> /XObject << /I1 11 0 R >> >> /MediaBox [0.000 0.000 595.280 841.890] >> endobj 4 0 obj [/PDF /Text /ImageC ] endobj 5 0 obj << /Creator (DOMPDF) /CreationDate (D:20140416090243+01'00') /ModDate (D:20140416090243+01'00') /Title (The Gordon Riots: Politics, Culture and Insurrection in Late Eighteenth-Century Britain) >> endobj 6 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 12 0 R 15 0 R 18 0 R ] /Contents 7 0 R >> endobj 7 0 obj << /Length 4233 >> stream q 381.750 0 0 120.000 34.016 687.874 cm /I1 Do Q 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Published on )] TJ ET BT 99.356 676.469 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Reviews in History)] TJ ET BT 190.016 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \()] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 197.012 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 197.012 675.075 m 357.332 675.075 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 357.332 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\))] TJ ET 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.391 653.743 526.499 1.500 re S BT 34.016 615.321 Td /F3 18.0 Tf [(The Gordon Riots: Politics, Culture and Insurrection in Late )] TJ ET BT 34.016 593.937 Td /F3 18.0 Tf [(Eighteenth-Century Britain)] TJ ET BT 34.016 237.683 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(For one momentous week, London was convulsed with the most tumultuous series of riots, disorder and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 223.427 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(arson that its inhabitants had ever experienced. This volume of essays on the Gordon Riots of June 1780 is )] TJ ET BT 34.016 209.171 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(undoubtedly timely, published in the same month as the report commissioned by the government into the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 194.915 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(riots that afflicted London and other cities in August 2011. Burning buildings, economic depression, and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 180.659 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(popular discontent against the government are shared features of the two otherwise considerably different )] TJ ET BT 34.016 166.403 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(eras.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 140.147 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Ian Haywood and John Seed?s volume of essays fills a significant gap in the historiography of popular )] TJ ET BT 34.016 125.891 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(protest in the 18th century. There has been little in-depth research into the Gordon Riots since George )] TJ ET BT 34.016 111.635 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Rude?s influential analyses in the 1960s.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 230.000 111.635 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(1\))] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 230.000 110.241 m 243.992 110.241 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 243.992 111.635 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( This lack of new research seems even more anomalous given the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 97.379 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(recent revival of interest in the politics of riot in the 18th century.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 348.308 97.379 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(2\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 348.308 95.985 m 362.300 95.985 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 362.300 97.379 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( So why has it taken until now? One )] TJ ET BT 34.016 83.123 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(reason is because the Gordon riots have always been an awkward topic. They do not fit into the classic )] TJ ET BT 34.016 68.867 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(narrative of landmark events in Whig/radical/Marxist/labour history. The power of the crowd during the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 54.611 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(American Revolution is generally presumed to be for the good, for progress and democracy, and not for )] TJ ET BT 34.016 563.315 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Review Number:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 549.059 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(1249)] TJ ET BT 34.016 534.803 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publish date:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 520.547 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Thursday, 10 May, 2012)] TJ ET BT 34.016 506.291 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Editor:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 492.035 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Ian Haywood)] TJ ET BT 34.016 477.779 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(John Seed)] TJ ET BT 34.016 463.523 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(ISBN:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 449.267 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(9780521195423)] TJ ET BT 34.016 435.011 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Date of Publication:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 420.755 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(2012)] TJ ET BT 34.016 406.499 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Price:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 392.243 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(60.00)] TJ ET BT 34.016 377.987 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Pages:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 363.731 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(288pp.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 349.475 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publisher:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 335.219 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Cambridge University Press)] TJ ET BT 34.016 320.963 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publisher url:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 306.707 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Place of Publication:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 292.451 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Cambridge)] TJ ET BT 34.016 278.195 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Reviewer:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 263.939 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Katrina Navickas)] TJ ET endstream endobj 8 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F1 /BaseFont /Times-Roman /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 9 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F2 /BaseFont /Times-Italic /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 10 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F3 /BaseFont /Times-Bold /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 11 0 obj << /Type /XObject /Subtype /Image /Width 509 /Height 160 /Filter /FlateDecode /DecodeParms << /Predictor 15 /Colors 3 /Columns 509 /BitsPerComponent 8>> /Mask [ 255 255 255 255 255 255 ] /ColorSpace /DeviceRGB /BitsPerComponent 8 /Length 3280>> stream x[EQ㎦fVttҒ +3O{?lGDQԯDrB^.ϯ%~'0۠/2>0AG_>0j0GCfE67>rB^}@  !&y+r?INp:erc b8f=rQC!~-Wf^^zF[)G 2ޯe7V_Go3Ke GEGOo8rώ#\1ZY~N6^H}yLxS-!:412V+u\-LSO?xVvZ|GjǮT_8EYJF=Tw^ 7GxfN/S:Ʌ~ʟtt?5n÷J'JcF-GVξx{rO~tJd;#a\7}|~y'>}c2C vR}f׈**h.)_&@pfzjsx:5;S\vKhM5j=!Cn+h"u]a EUN]jn=k<,:Ք>sU!ni~6EJ)¦72?G}[y}_vc$t?iSܟ2Zݞ,VN?_`='RFK1A2qv&X_lLRWY'%:I㢖zb_UEx\>&ɆBˏ~K@ \gYØU4}$8Dv!'Q'*+Εj(UCGo[#< 2Ja(sZi9fZKE Rn`u\9r^Zmɯ׹}mstO4uc~#'jEvۼ Dx[z ޏQ4KL5,5u3>i^uÒ-53ba ~,~/pyt1fMU'CVm:qv~=Y'Es"WsφG?l_kN5}],Ow7 uh`xƫ?zMl7ٻv$A(4Dl(wwH} ?=[=S;yC]^BK>㕪9`Z'Wj;E|:bf>kCԘ#RY,iv쵗~}n'"1u" *uO΄/2^Sxr(!/DD\~mJyZ!MmrA!#u[if|99WB WΡpp}w}sh#,\ &:%˳X?D3 %W0cC?o̲^} F3XLVn]Cߖiϧ!7}yZJ#P7]=)7Ρp;>> Ye^xx{Oafw{ ;>4gfLt ʊ:q%#r/)pv!O4wGh|dS ӣݽހ-gVUC'pBxrB^} 7JA^} /'8!`:r?}}],X  }6y!`/~Br?}Q< >k7vx"] ,' .3jn{-i}|~%-};b6#U)7繎kiEw 㤳:E}[޼c"rꬊ7Dc$~"/Y&zSd:tFȌCrʙ`7u .#[-<)j ?TGS(j~oTup(hjU4PlJ=}|it.ҽ@\wʨuXÞZcx18Wo<~ikOg,ވ\^?EneyZcc0[R١z|zv7_m:_n]a?osS3~j^ hD.a_X'KfBX6w wݶ"Oa:,bvhrWH[uCF-Xfc}>x+Rz)2N-B 7y^٨;[/vg? | |2Sve}=o䑰j[vWjF0{굦?VI~}xM(_TlG__+]:#к?S} c>GŸD7 !w{S{B =x7a?oE#)+Gz:o_4Q<;n?\tt7?mGCџQGu4kņOF>F?#} hP&ђߴM#u!.СtL2^#o nIk_i.~7tr@n 1P~3?.[]=S5b߮~Yo^HFH YBi8a4iom>CKgMy*;?zqEӕ` >zB9iFzC?XF?ޟIܰ펉A}{I5ᄊx%ez#Mp@rߎpi]IOVjzuJt\۰f׺u5><,J~PTJp1)}){9N {!`/> endstream endobj 12 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 13 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 197.0117 675.3895 357.3317 687.2695 ] >> endobj 13 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews) >> endobj 14 0 obj [6 0 R /Fit] endobj 15 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 16 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 229.9997 110.5555 243.9917 122.4355 ] >> endobj 16 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 17 0 obj [6 0 R /Fit] endobj 18 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 19 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 348.3077 96.2995 362.2997 108.1795 ] >> endobj 19 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 20 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 23 0 R 25 0 R ] /Contents 21 0 R >> endobj 21 0 obj << /Length 7592 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(reaction and religious hatred. Scholars on the left have shared an assumption ? and indeed sometimes a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(desire to believe ? that violent anti-Catholicism was a feature of the turmoils of the 17th century, not the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(tolerant Augustan and Enlightened Britain of the late 18th century. Rud and E. P. Thompson offered a more )] TJ ET BT 34.016 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(nuanced view of the ?faces in the crowd?, showing how the riots ?had a political logic rooted in popular )] TJ ET BT 34.016 739.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(economic and social grievances? \(p. 10\). A couple of decades ago, Nicholas Rogers and Kathleen Wilson )] TJ ET BT 34.016 725.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(further unpicked the socio-economic factors contributing to the events of June 1780. Nevertheless, the riots )] TJ ET BT 34.016 710.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(have been generally regarded as an anomaly in the national story of progress.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 404.924 710.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(3\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 404.924 709.539 m 418.916 709.539 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 684.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(From my own experience of teaching the topic, students are always interested the riots but are forced to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 670.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(scrabble round a thin reading list. This volume is therefore sorely needed. In their introduction, Ian Haywood )] TJ ET BT 34.016 656.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and John Seed call on the reader to rethink the meaning and significance of the Gordon Riots. It provides )] TJ ET BT 34.016 641.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(new insights not just into the causes and consequences of the riots themselves, but also furthers debate in the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 627.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(light of new historical methodologies, cultural history, and digital sources. The )] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 415.988 627.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Old Bailey Online)] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 415.988 626.259 m 503.984 626.259 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 506.984 627.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([2])] TJ ET BT 520.976 627.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 613.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(particular has given new life to research on crime and disorder in London in the 18th century. Haywood and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 599.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Seed?s introduction highlights how the Gordon riots can be used to explore a whole list of contexts and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 584.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(frameworks: war, social disorder, popular political culture, the criminal justice system, moral economy, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 570.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(empire, apocalyptic memory, multiculturalism, revolutionary ideology, spectatorship, the press, bourgeois )] TJ ET BT 34.016 556.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(sexuality and literary history \(p. 15\).)] TJ ET BT 34.016 530.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Increasing popular mistrust of the government is a central theme of the first part of the collection. Nicholas )] TJ ET BT 34.016 515.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Rogers?s chapter places the riots within the wider context of the politics of war. The American war is an )] TJ ET BT 34.016 501.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(obvious but often neglected feature in histories of the Gordon Riots. Rogers argues that 'political divisions )] TJ ET BT 34.016 487.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(over the American war did not cause the riots, but they helped create the political vacuum in which they )] TJ ET BT 34.016 473.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(prospered? \(p. 23\). Rogers shows how a series of wartime events had laid the ground leading up to the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 458.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(outbreak of the riots of June 1780. Anti-ministerialism had already been building since the trial of Admiral )] TJ ET BT 34.016 444.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Keppel 16 months beforehand, if not since the 1774 Quebec Act. Some Protestants had regarded )] TJ ET BT 34.016 430.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(emancipation of Catholics in the former French colony as a betrayal of the principles of the Glorious )] TJ ET BT 34.016 416.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Revolution. Rogers makes the important point that Gordon Riots fundamentally ruptured ?the rapport of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 401.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(crowd and radicals characteristic of the Wilkite era? \(p. 33\). This again challenges the traditional teleological )] TJ ET BT 34.016 387.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(narrative which tends to assume that the power of the crowd became harnessed solely for parliamentary )] TJ ET BT 34.016 373.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(reform from the 1760s to 1832.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 347.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Mark Knight examines the Protestant Association?s petitions against the Catholic Relief Act. He finds a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 332.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(strong correlation between petitioners? occupations and their home districts in London and the subsequent )] TJ ET BT 34.016 318.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(spate of rioting. Knight therefore suggests that the correlation between petitioners and rioters was closer than )] TJ ET BT 34.016 304.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(either the Protestant Association or later historians have admitted. As Rogers also argues in the previous )] TJ ET BT 34.016 290.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(chapter, one of the causes of the riots was the populace?s dismay with the government?s apparent repeated )] TJ ET BT 34.016 275.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(snubs of their rights. The right to petition lay at the heart of the unwritten English constitution and was taken )] TJ ET BT 34.016 261.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(seriously by both the association?s members and the rioters.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 235.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(John Seed tackles the question of anti-popery among Dissenters. He finds that support for the Protestant )] TJ ET BT 34.016 220.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Association came not from mainstream Anglicanism or Dissent but from ?the Calvinist margins of both )] TJ ET BT 34.016 206.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(church and Dissent or from some kind of institutional no-man?s land between them? \(p. 78\). Again, as )] TJ ET BT 34.016 192.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Rogers suggests, suspicion among these groups of the government?s intentions built upon previous )] TJ ET BT 34.016 178.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(opposition to the 1774 Quebec Act, and had much longer roots in the settlement made at the Glorious )] TJ ET BT 34.016 163.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Revolution. Popular anti-popery was not, therefore, sectarian prejudice or mindless bigotry; rather it was )] TJ ET BT 34.016 149.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(?directed against the crown, the state and the church hierarchy? \(p. 87\).)] TJ ET BT 34.016 123.461 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Dana Rabin examines the imperial dimensions to the riots. She draws attention again to the Quebec Act and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 109.205 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(how Protestants regarded its dangerous implications for the established state and empire. Examining the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 94.949 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(symbolism in contemporary cartoons in particular, she argues that a sense of Britishness with a contingent )] TJ ET BT 34.016 80.693 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(sense of empire was an important element in motivating the rioters. The first places attacked by rioters were )] TJ ET BT 34.016 66.437 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the Sardinian embassy chapel and the Bavarian embassy. The Gordon Riots were thus initially shaped by )] TJ ET BT 34.016 52.181 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(?xenophobic attitudes merged with anti-Catholicism? \(p. 105\). They also demonstrated the global mobility )] TJ ET endstream endobj 22 0 obj [20 0 R /Fit] endobj 23 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 24 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 404.9237 709.8535 418.9157 721.7335 ] >> endobj 24 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 25 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 26 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 415.9877 626.5735 503.9837 638.4535 ] >> endobj 26 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.oldbaileyonline.org/) >> endobj 27 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 30 0 R ] /Contents 28 0 R >> endobj 28 0 obj << /Length 7026 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and diversity of London?s populace, making the capital a symbol of the tense relationship between )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Britishness and imperial expansion.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 755.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The second part of the collection focuses on representation. Ian Haywood explores engravings and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 741.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(descriptions of the riots as a sublime spectacle. Edmund Burke?s theory of sublime pleasure and the need to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 727.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(view events from the correct distance was replicated in prints of the events. The defining image of the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 713.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Gordon Riots was the burning down of Newgate prison on the night of 6 June 1780, and Haywood points to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 698.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(contemporary parallels made with the Great Fire of London of 1666. This interpretation showcases the new )] TJ ET BT 34.016 684.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(insights into familiar topics that cultural history can produce.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 658.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Brycchan Carey brings the reader back to the imperial theme in his examination of Ignatius Sancho?s )] TJ ET BT 34.016 644.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(account of the riots. Carey carefully deconstructs the timing of events and other details in Sancho?s )] TJ ET BT 34.016 629.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(epistolary narrative. He thus shows how Sancho was less concerned with providing an accurate eye-witness )] TJ ET BT 34.016 615.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(report, as previous historians have presumed. Rather, he constructed a personal response to hearing reports )] TJ ET BT 34.016 601.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of the events of June 1780, in which his writing explored his feelings of alarm, indignation, relief and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 587.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(reflection.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 560.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Similarly, Miriam Wallace looks at the Romantic ?revisioning? of the riots by Thomas Holcroft, the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 546.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(autodidact shoemaker?s son and later radical dramatist. She emphasises how Holcroft?s influential narrative )] TJ ET BT 34.016 532.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(was shaped by his anomalous position as witness: an ?organic intellectual? who originated from the same )] TJ ET BT 34.016 518.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(labouring class as many of the rioters but ?beginning, in his search to make his way through intellectual )] TJ ET BT 34.016 503.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(labour in 1780, to construct his own philosophies about tolerance, social justice and the powers of mental )] TJ ET BT 34.016 489.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(energies over the body? \(p. 174\).)] TJ ET BT 34.016 463.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The last section focuses on punishment and the legacy of the riots. Tim Hitchcock posits a bold )] TJ ET BT 34.016 449.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(reinterpretation of the events of June 1780, arguing that the subsequent trials played a crucial part in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 434.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(redefining the relationship between Londoners, prisons, and the broader criminal justice system. He )] TJ ET BT 34.016 420.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(highlights the major prison-rebuilding programme enacted in the 1770s, together with a reworking of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 406.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(metropolitan policing. Hitchcock argues that religious motivations quickly shifted to political as the week of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 392.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(disturbances progressed. The rioters? targets of attack swung from chapels to ?the architectural symbols of a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 377.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(newly powerful criminal justice system? \(p. 189\). He then traces the development of a prisoner subculture in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 363.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(both London?s prisons and in the hulks on the Thames, as increasing numbers of convicts became trapped )] TJ ET BT 34.016 349.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(onboard because of the cessation of transportation to the American colonies during the war. Two longer )] TJ ET BT 34.016 335.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(legacies of the riots were the rise of defence counsel and prisoners? refusal of the royal pardon. Hitchcock )] TJ ET BT 34.016 320.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(could have strengthened this argument with reference to recent studies of ?weapons of the weak? and other )] TJ ET BT 34.016 306.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(subcultures of resistance, for example in 19th-century factories and workhouses.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 420.260 306.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(4\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 420.260 305.139 m 434.252 305.139 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 280.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Matthew White addresses the question of why the London courts chose local executions as punishment for )] TJ ET BT 34.016 266.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the rioters. He argues that the authorities feared the recurrence of mass disorder. The usual three-mile march )] TJ ET BT 34.016 251.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(from Newgate prison to the Tyburn hanging site was perceived to be an occasion for open disorder among )] TJ ET BT 34.016 237.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(spectators. Despite these fears, however, White finds that the thousands of spectators at the scenes of local )] TJ ET BT 34.016 223.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(execution of the Gordon rioters were compliant and calm. Local execution worked, and indeed disproved the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 208.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(predominant image of public executions as )] TJ ET BT 243.320 208.997 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(carnavals macabres)] TJ ET BT 340.304 208.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 182.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Susan Matthews considers the female conservative response to the riots. She analyses Charlotte Cowley?s )] TJ ET BT 34.016 168.485 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The Ladies History of England: from the Descent of Julius Caesar to the Summer of 1780)] TJ ET BT 464.336 168.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, first issued at the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 154.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(end of January 1780 and ending in early 1781 with Gordon?s trial. This, Matthews argues, was a ?feminine )] TJ ET BT 34.016 139.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(bourgeois narrative, understood within a pre-existing template that frames the extraordinary and renders it )] TJ ET BT 34.016 125.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(safe? \(p. 228\). Later pamphlets, sermons, and fiction relating to the riots formed the background to the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 111.461 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(launch of the Cheap Repository Tracts movement in the 1790s. The legacy of the riots was thus to shape the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 97.205 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(content and spread of conservative moral propaganda against the French Revolution.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 70.949 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(In the afterword, Dominic Green provides a ?biographical reassessment? of George Gordon. His account is )] TJ ET BT 34.016 56.693 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(lively and a riot to read! Rather than the solitary puritan he was often portrayed to be, Gordon was well )] TJ ET endstream endobj 29 0 obj [27 0 R /Fit] endobj 30 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 31 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 420.2597 305.4535 434.2517 317.3335 ] >> endobj 31 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 32 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 35 0 R 37 0 R 39 0 R 41 0 R 43 0 R 45 0 R 47 0 R 49 0 R 51 0 R ] /Contents 33 0 R >> endobj 33 0 obj << /Length 5930 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(travelled and well connected. As Green suggests, there are shades of John Wilkes and older Whig libertines )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(in Gordon?s life, as in his preference for ?excursions into the highways and byways of petticoat land? \(p. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(247\). His support for the American Revolution, combined with his ?constitutionally religious? mentality, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(drew him to lead the Protestant Association. But he was no fan of the ?mob? and had sought to solve the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 739.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(question using parliamentary and party means before events fell out of his control. The story increases in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 725.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(intrigue after Gordon?s acquittal in 1781. Green traces his crazy descent into underground circles via ?the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 710.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(wonder-working rabbi Chaim Samuel Falk? and the mounteback ?Count Cagliostro?. In 1788, tried for libel, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 696.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Gordon was sentenced to five years in Newgate, where he was attended by a ?floating cast of slumming )] TJ ET BT 34.016 682.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(aristocrats, penurious Polish Jews and admiring radicals? \(p. 259\).)] TJ ET BT 34.016 656.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Overall the essays provide a rich and varied set of insights into the causes and consequences of the Gordon )] TJ ET BT 34.016 641.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Riots. One weakness of the collection perhaps is that it is predominantly London-centric. For a fuller picture, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 627.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(we need a new analysis of the Scottish riots in the previous year. Much could be gleaned from a comparison )] TJ ET BT 34.016 613.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of circumstances between Edinburgh and Glasgow and London. More on other provincial reactions, the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 599.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(disturbances in Bath and Hull for example, would be welcome too.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 355.304 599.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(5\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 355.304 597.747 m 369.296 597.747 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 564.243 Td /F3 18.0 Tf [(Notes)] TJ ET BT 48.816 533.626 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(1.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 533.621 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(George Rud, ?The Gordon Riots: a study of the rioters and their victims?, )] TJ ET BT 425.636 533.621 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Transactions of the Royal )] TJ ET BT 64.016 519.365 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Historical Society,)] TJ ET BT 153.344 519.365 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( 5th series, 6 \(1956\); George Rud, )] TJ ET BT 324.980 519.365 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The Crowd in History: a Study of Popular )] TJ ET BT 64.016 505.109 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Disturbances in France and England, 1730?1848)] TJ ET BT 302.672 505.109 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(London, 1964\).)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 383.996 505.109 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(1\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 383.996 503.715 m 437.984 503.715 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 48.816 490.858 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(2.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 490.853 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Adrian Randall, )] TJ ET BT 143.672 490.853 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Riotous Assemblies:)] TJ ET BT 243.668 490.853 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Popular Protest in Hanoverian England)] TJ ET BT 437.000 490.853 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(Oxford, 2006\).)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 515.648 490.853 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to )] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 515.648 489.459 m 555.644 489.459 l S BT 64.016 476.597 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(2\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 64.016 475.203 m 78.008 475.203 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 48.816 462.346 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(3.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 462.341 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Nicholas Rogers, )] TJ ET BT 149.672 462.341 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Crowds, Culture and Politics in Georgian Britain)] TJ ET BT 388.700 462.341 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(Oxford, 1998\); Kathleen Wilson, )] TJ ET BT 64.016 448.085 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The Sense of the People: Politics, Culture and Imperialism in England, 1715?1785)] TJ ET BT 463.004 448.085 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(Cambridge, 1995\).)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 64.016 433.829 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(3\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 64.016 432.435 m 118.004 432.435 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 48.816 419.578 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(4.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 419.573 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(See David R. Green, ?Pauper protests: power and resistance in early nineteenth-century London )] TJ ET BT 64.016 405.317 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(workhouses?, )] TJ ET BT 132.668 405.317 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Social History)] TJ ET BT 201.668 405.317 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, 31, 2 \(2006\).)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 269.660 405.317 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(4\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 269.660 403.923 m 323.648 403.923 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 48.816 391.066 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(5.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 391.061 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(See Colin Haydon, ?The Gordon Riots in the English provinces?, )] TJ ET BT 380.660 391.061 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Historical Research)] TJ ET BT 476.984 391.061 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, 63 \(1990\).)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 532.976 391.061 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back )] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 532.976 389.667 m 560.636 389.667 l S BT 64.016 376.805 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(to \(5\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 64.016 375.411 m 90.344 375.411 l S 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.391 360.079 526.499 1.500 re S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 342.299 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Source URL:)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 104.672 342.299 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/review/1249)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 104.672 340.905 m 328.316 340.905 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 315.928 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Links:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 301.528 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([1] http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/item/16372)] TJ ET BT 34.016 287.128 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([2] http://www.oldbaileyonline.org/)] TJ ET endstream endobj 34 0 obj [32 0 R /Fit] endobj 35 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 36 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 355.3037 598.0615 369.2957 609.9415 ] >> endobj 36 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 37 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 38 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 383.9957 504.0295 437.9837 515.9095 ] >> endobj 38 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /GoTo /D 14 0 R >> endobj 39 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 40 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 515.6477 489.7735 555.6437 501.6535 ] >> endobj 40 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /GoTo /D 17 0 R >> endobj 41 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 42 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 64.0157 475.5175 78.0077 487.3975 ] >> endobj 42 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /GoTo /D 17 0 R >> endobj 43 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 44 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 64.0157 432.7495 118.0037 444.6295 ] >> endobj 44 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /GoTo /D 22 0 R >> endobj 45 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 46 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 269.6597 404.2375 323.6477 416.1175 ] >> endobj 46 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /GoTo /D 29 0 R >> endobj 47 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 48 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 532.9757 389.9815 560.6357 401.8615 ] >> endobj 48 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /GoTo /D 34 0 R >> endobj 49 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 50 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 64.0157 375.7255 90.3437 387.6055 ] >> endobj 50 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /GoTo /D 34 0 R >> endobj 51 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 52 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 104.6717 341.2195 328.3157 353.0995 ] >> endobj 52 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/review/1249) >> endobj xref 0 53 0000000000 65535 f 0000000008 00000 n 0000000073 00000 n 0000000119 00000 n 0000000342 00000 n 0000000379 00000 n 0000000590 00000 n 0000000686 00000 n 0000004971 00000 n 0000005080 00000 n 0000005190 00000 n 0000005299 00000 n 0000008860 00000 n 0000008988 00000 n 0000009072 00000 n 0000009101 00000 n 0000009229 00000 n 0000009265 00000 n 0000009294 00000 n 0000009421 00000 n 0000009457 00000 n 0000009548 00000 n 0000017193 00000 n 0000017223 00000 n 0000017351 00000 n 0000017387 00000 n 0000017515 00000 n 0000017598 00000 n 0000017682 00000 n 0000024761 00000 n 0000024791 00000 n 0000024919 00000 n 0000024955 00000 n 0000025095 00000 n 0000031078 00000 n 0000031108 00000 n 0000031236 00000 n 0000031272 00000 n 0000031400 00000 n 0000031455 00000 n 0000031583 00000 n 0000031638 00000 n 0000031764 00000 n 0000031819 00000 n 0000031946 00000 n 0000032001 00000 n 0000032129 00000 n 0000032184 00000 n 0000032312 00000 n 0000032367 00000 n 0000032493 00000 n 0000032548 00000 n 0000032676 00000 n trailer << /Size 53 /Root 1 0 R /Info 5 0 R >> startxref 32772 %%EOF