%PDF-1.3 1 0 obj << /Type /Catalog /Outlines 2 0 R /Pages 3 0 R >> endobj 2 0 obj << /Type /Outlines /Count 0 >> endobj 3 0 obj << /Type /Pages /Kids [6 0 R 14 0 R 22 0 R 57 0 R ] /Count 4 /Resources << /ProcSet 4 0 R /Font << /F1 8 0 R /F2 9 0 R /F3 10 0 R >> /XObject << /I1 11 0 R >> >> /MediaBox [0.000 0.000 595.280 841.890] >> endobj 4 0 obj [/PDF /Text /ImageC ] endobj 5 0 obj << /Creator (DOMPDF) /CreationDate (D:20140723153418+01'00') /ModDate (D:20140723153418+01'00') /Title (Ashes and Granite. Destruction and Reconstruction in the Spanish Civil War and its Aftermath) >> endobj 6 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 12 0 R ] /Contents 7 0 R >> endobj 7 0 obj << /Length 3992 >> stream q 381.750 0 0 120.000 34.016 687.874 cm /I1 Do Q 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Published on )] TJ ET BT 99.356 676.469 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Reviews in History)] TJ ET BT 190.016 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \()] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 197.012 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 197.012 675.075 m 357.332 675.075 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 357.332 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\))] TJ ET 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.391 653.743 526.499 1.500 re S BT 34.016 615.321 Td /F3 18.0 Tf [(Ashes and Granite. Destruction and Reconstruction in the Spanish )] TJ ET BT 34.016 593.937 Td /F3 18.0 Tf [(Civil War and its Aftermath)] TJ ET BT 34.016 251.939 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(At least three factors go towards explaining why the destruction of Spanish cities during the Civil War )] TJ ET BT 34.016 237.683 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(1936?9\) and the subsequent reconstruction efforts have long been overlooked and under-studied. First, the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 223.427 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(monstrous scale of destruction wrought by the Second World War on European cities pulled horrified gazes )] TJ ET BT 34.016 209.171 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(away from Spain and made the violence suffered there seem to shrink to insignificant proportions by )] TJ ET BT 34.016 194.915 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(comparison. Second, the post-war period in Spain was marked by varying degrees of isolationism during )] TJ ET BT 34.016 180.659 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(which the country was alternately ignored, kept out of the Marshall plan, or used as a convenient ally \(i.e. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 166.403 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(location for US military bases\) in a progressively tense Cold War. Finally, the forceful and influential )] TJ ET BT 34.016 152.147 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(rhetoric of the Franco regime reiterated, through state-controlled media and propaganda campaigns, the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 137.891 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(achievements of reconstruction while ignoring the stark realities faced by Spaniards trying to survive among )] TJ ET BT 34.016 123.635 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the ruins of lives, cities, and communities.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 97.379 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Another possible explanation for the lack of substantial research on the destruction and reconstruction of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 83.123 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Spain during the war and ensuing dictatorship is hinted at in the author?s preface. Here she indicates that )] TJ ET BT 34.016 68.867 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(courses towards her degree in politics from Madrid?s Complutense University included those in ?Spanish )] TJ ET BT 34.016 54.611 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(political history [that] ended with the Spanish Civil War in 1939, and in Spanish contemporary politics [that] )] TJ ET BT 34.016 563.315 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Review Number:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 549.059 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(1250)] TJ ET BT 34.016 534.803 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publish date:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 520.547 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Thursday, 10 May, 2012)] TJ ET BT 34.016 506.291 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Author:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 492.035 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Olivia Muoz-Rojas)] TJ ET BT 34.016 477.779 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(ISBN:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 463.523 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(9781845194369)] TJ ET BT 34.016 449.267 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Date of Publication:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 435.011 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(2011)] TJ ET BT 34.016 420.755 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Price:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 406.499 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(65.00)] TJ ET BT 34.016 392.243 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Pages:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 377.987 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(272pp.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 363.731 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publisher:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 349.475 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Sussex Academic Press)] TJ ET BT 34.016 335.219 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publisher url:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 320.963 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Place of Publication:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 306.707 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Eastbourne)] TJ ET BT 34.016 292.451 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Reviewer:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 278.195 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Dacia Viejo-Rose)] TJ ET endstream endobj 8 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F1 /BaseFont /Times-Roman /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 9 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F2 /BaseFont /Times-Italic /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 10 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F3 /BaseFont /Times-Bold /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 11 0 obj << /Type /XObject /Subtype /Image /Width 509 /Height 160 /Filter /FlateDecode /DecodeParms << /Predictor 15 /Colors 3 /Columns 509 /BitsPerComponent 8>> /Mask [ 255 255 255 255 255 255 ] /ColorSpace /DeviceRGB /BitsPerComponent 8 /Length 3280>> stream x[EQ㎦fVttҒ +3O{?lGDQԯDrB^.ϯ%~'0۠/2>0AG_>0j0GCfE67>rB^}@  !&y+r?INp:erc b8f=rQC!~-Wf^^zF[)G 2ޯe7V_Go3Ke GEGOo8rώ#\1ZY~N6^H}yLxS-!:412V+u\-LSO?xVvZ|GjǮT_8EYJF=Tw^ 7GxfN/S:Ʌ~ʟtt?5n÷J'JcF-GVξx{rO~tJd;#a\7}|~y'>}c2C vR}f׈**h.)_&@pfzjsx:5;S\vKhM5j=!Cn+h"u]a EUN]jn=k<,:Ք>sU!ni~6EJ)¦72?G}[y}_vc$t?iSܟ2Zݞ,VN?_`='RFK1A2qv&X_lLRWY'%:I㢖zb_UEx\>&ɆBˏ~K@ \gYØU4}$8Dv!'Q'*+Εj(UCGo[#< 2Ja(sZi9fZKE Rn`u\9r^Zmɯ׹}mstO4uc~#'jEvۼ Dx[z ޏQ4KL5,5u3>i^uÒ-53ba ~,~/pyt1fMU'CVm:qv~=Y'Es"WsφG?l_kN5}],Ow7 uh`xƫ?zMl7ٻv$A(4Dl(wwH} ?=[=S;yC]^BK>㕪9`Z'Wj;E|:bf>kCԘ#RY,iv쵗~}n'"1u" *uO΄/2^Sxr(!/DD\~mJyZ!MmrA!#u[if|99WB WΡpp}w}sh#,\ &:%˳X?D3 %W0cC?o̲^} F3XLVn]Cߖiϧ!7}yZJ#P7]=)7Ρp;>> Ye^xx{Oafw{ ;>4gfLt ʊ:q%#r/)pv!O4wGh|dS ӣݽހ-gVUC'pBxrB^} 7JA^} /'8!`:r?}}],X  }6y!`/~Br?}Q< >k7vx"] ,' .3jn{-i}|~%-};b6#U)7繎kiEw 㤳:E}[޼c"rꬊ7Dc$~"/Y&zSd:tFȌCrʙ`7u .#[-<)j ?TGS(j~oTup(hjU4PlJ=}|it.ҽ@\wʨuXÞZcx18Wo<~ikOg,ވ\^?EneyZcc0[R١z|zv7_m:_n]a?osS3~j^ hD.a_X'KfBX6w wݶ"Oa:,bvhrWH[uCF-Xfc}>x+Rz)2N-B 7y^٨;[/vg? | |2Sve}=o䑰j[vWjF0{굦?VI~}xM(_TlG__+]:#к?S} c>GŸD7 !w{S{B =x7a?oE#)+Gz:o_4Q<;n?\tt7?mGCџQGu4kņOF>F?#} hP&ђߴM#u!.СtL2^#o nIk_i.~7tr@n 1P~3?.[]=S5b߮~Yo^HFH YBi8a4iom>CKgMy*;?zqEӕ` >zB9iFzC?XF?ޟIܰ펉A}{I5ᄊx%ez#Mp@rߎpi]IOVjzuJt\۰f׺u5><,J~PTJp1)}){9N {!`/> endstream endobj 12 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 13 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 197.0117 675.3895 357.3317 687.2695 ] >> endobj 13 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews) >> endobj 14 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 17 0 R 20 0 R ] /Contents 15 0 R >> endobj 15 0 obj << /Length 7990 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(began in 1975? \(p. xxiv\). The presence of this absence, the 36-year blip so conveniently ignored, had led her )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(to conclude that little of interest or importance must have happened during that period. In )] TJ ET BT 465.956 782.213 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Ashes and Granite)] TJ ET BT 34.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, Dr Muoz-Rojas plunges into the underwritten period, piecing together the narratives of three case studies )] TJ ET BT 34.016 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of cities and their destruction and reconstruction experiences. By so doing, Olivia Muoz-Rojas makes an )] TJ ET BT 34.016 739.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(important contribution to reversing this situation by participating in an effort led largely by Paul Preston, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 725.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(most recently in his publication )] TJ ET BT 188.348 725.189 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The Spanish Holocaust )] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 302.684 725.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(1\))] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 302.684 723.795 m 316.676 723.795 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 316.676 725.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, to pay due attention to the Spanish conflict and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 710.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(its aftermath. A detailed examination of this era is of the utmost significance not only because of the extreme )] TJ ET BT 34.016 696.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(levels of violence and destruction but also because of the long-term impact of this period in Spanish history, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 682.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the consequences of which continue to hang over Spain like that deadly swinging pendulum in Edgar Allan )] TJ ET BT 34.016 668.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Poe?s story.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 641.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(As indicated by the author, several parts of the book were previously published in journals, and as chapters )] TJ ET BT 34.016 627.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(in edited volumes. Here these texts have been elaborated upon, and new ones added. Originally trained as a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 613.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(political scientist, Dr Muoz-Rojas now brings together interests in areas that include sociology, urban )] TJ ET BT 34.016 599.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(studies, and architecture. This interdisciplinarity is in evidence in )] TJ ET BT 350.312 599.141 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Ashes and Granite)] TJ ET BT 439.640 599.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( as the author explores )] TJ ET BT 34.016 584.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the stories of construction, destruction, and reconstruction of specific structures in: Madrid, Bilbao, and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 570.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Barcelona. The case studies are very well illustrated with over 70 black and white images including )] TJ ET BT 34.016 556.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(photographs, maps, and reconstruction plans drawn from various municipal archives and a wide range of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 542.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(contemporary newspapers and publications. Thanks to the author?s work in finding and including these )] TJ ET BT 34.016 527.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(images, the reader is able to see the effects of the war on existing structures as well as those of the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 513.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(subsequent reconstruction.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 487.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Two recent volumes edited by Casar Pinazo and Esteban Chapapra, and Colorado Castellary, dedicated to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 473.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(cultural heritage in Spain during the war and post-war, include case studies on the reconstruction of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 458.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(architecture in Aragn, Catalua and Valencia, as well as more general assessments of the process as a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 444.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(whole.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 66.344 444.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(2\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 66.344 443.187 m 80.336 443.187 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 80.336 444.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( Dr Muoz-Rojas? case studies both complement and contrast with these. She wisely selected to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 430.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(explore the capitals of three important regions that had different experiences of the war and post-war: )] TJ ET BT 34.016 416.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Castile, the Basque Country and Catalonia respectively. And, her decision to focus on different types of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 401.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(structures in each city ? a building in Madrid, bridges in Bilbao, and an old Cathedral neighbourhood in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 387.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Barcelona? adds a further dimension of texture to the case studies and her to analysis.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 361.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(A constant issue in the Franco reconstruction is the vast chasm between rhetoric and reality. It is a gap that )] TJ ET BT 34.016 347.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(comes into evidence in all three of the case studies addressed in this book. In the first case, that of Madrid?s )] TJ ET BT 34.016 332.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(military barracks known as the )] TJ ET BT 184.988 332.789 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Cuartel de la Montaa)] TJ ET BT 294.656 332.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, the grandiose plans for a Falangist stronghold never )] TJ ET BT 34.016 318.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(materialised. What we see here is how a particular building became a symbolic site as a result of having )] TJ ET BT 34.016 304.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(been the scene of a significant set of events during the war. The ruins of the building, thus imbued with )] TJ ET BT 34.016 290.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(meaning, became a focus of attention during the first stages of post-war reconstruction planning. What is )] TJ ET BT 34.016 275.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(fascinating about the story of this site is the ways in which it illustrates how the balance of power within the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 261.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(regime came to determine what symbolic sites eventually made it from the drawing board into reality. As Dr )] TJ ET BT 34.016 247.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Muoz-Rojas writes: ?In the end, the Franco regime was as successful in abandoning the Falange?s dreams )] TJ ET BT 34.016 232.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of grandiose, imperial post-war Madrid as it was of burying the uncomfortable memory of the Falangists? )] TJ ET BT 34.016 218.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(early defeat?? \(p. 79\).)] TJ ET BT 34.016 192.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The second case study, that of Bilbao?s bridges, is especially important as it presents an instance in which )] TJ ET BT 34.016 178.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the destruction in question was carried out by the retreating Basque-Republican forces. This fact was )] TJ ET BT 34.016 163.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(rhetorically exploited by the regime which fabricated false accusations of similar acts being the cause of the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 149.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(destruction in other Basque towns, notably Gernika. Together with this manipulation of events, what stands )] TJ ET BT 34.016 135.461 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(out in the reconstruction of Bilbao?s bridges are the contradictions between propagandistic rhetoric about )] TJ ET BT 34.016 121.205 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(rupture and renewal and reality, in which a degree of continuity was maintained. Here, the official discourse )] TJ ET BT 34.016 106.949 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(focused on discrediting the previous regime and highlighting differences from it, while in practice it )] TJ ET BT 34.016 92.693 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(maintained the construction contracts, with the original constructors, which had been in place before the war.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 66.437 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The case study of Barcelona illustrates the selective nature of Franco?s reconstruction; here Dr Muoz-Rojas )] TJ ET BT 34.016 52.181 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(shows how the Roman military belt was given preference over the Cathedral neighbourhood, )] TJ ET BT 483.272 52.181 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Barri de la )] TJ ET BT 34.016 37.925 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Catedral)] TJ ET endstream endobj 16 0 obj [14 0 R /Fit] endobj 17 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 18 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 302.6837 724.1095 316.6757 735.9895 ] >> endobj 18 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 19 0 obj [14 0 R /Fit] endobj 20 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 21 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 66.3437 443.5015 80.3357 455.3815 ] >> endobj 21 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 22 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 25 0 R 28 0 R 31 0 R 34 0 R 37 0 R 40 0 R 43 0 R 46 0 R 49 0 R 52 0 R 55 0 R ] /Contents 23 0 R >> endobj 23 0 obj << /Length 9524 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, a part of the old city that has its origins in the Middle Ages. In other instances throughout Spain )] TJ ET BT 502.652 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(we see )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Gothic architecture and the austere styles of the Middle Ages given preference over later styles ? as in the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Baroque choirs removed from church interiors during the Franco period in order to return them to their )] TJ ET BT 34.016 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(?original? forms and ?authentic? atmospheres.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 256.964 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(3\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 256.964 752.307 m 270.956 752.307 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 270.956 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( In Barcelona, we also see how the destruction was used as )] TJ ET BT 34.016 739.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(a pretext to put into effect plans already drawn up before the war to modernize and open up the old city )] TJ ET BT 34.016 725.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(centre. These two dynamics: the construction of a new vision of Spain by carefully selecting what heritage )] TJ ET BT 34.016 710.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(sites to conserve, or not; and the taking advantage of war-time destruction to put into place a programme of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 696.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(urban regeneration and urbanization, are present throughout Spain?s reconstruction, as well as other )] TJ ET BT 34.016 682.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(European post-war reconstruction experiences.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 259.280 682.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(4\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 259.280 681.027 m 273.272 681.027 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 656.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Muoz-Rojas takes the city as the focal point, and what emerges clearly from her case studies is the story of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 641.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(an attempt to materialize an imposed authority; a process identified by Richard Sennett: ?The work of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 627.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(authority has a goal: to convert power into images of strength. In doing this work, people often search for )] TJ ET BT 34.016 613.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(images that are clear and simple?.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 196.640 613.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(5\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 196.640 612.003 m 210.632 612.003 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 210.632 613.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( What is less clear is the author?s analysis of whether this attempt was )] TJ ET BT 34.016 599.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(more or less successful in the post-war reconstruction of Spain.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 572.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The author has evidently been influenced by the work of Richard Sennett. A reflection of his work on order )] TJ ET BT 34.016 558.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and disorder in the city )] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 147.668 558.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(6\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 147.668 557.235 m 161.660 557.235 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 161.660 558.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, and on authority )] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 249.320 558.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(7\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 249.320 557.235 m 263.312 557.235 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 263.312 558.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( might have allowed for a further level of analysis of the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 544.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(dynamics at play in Franco-period attempts to reshape Spanish cities. Similarly, a consideration of the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 530.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(scholarly research on memory and the city )] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 240.968 530.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(8\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 240.968 528.723 m 254.960 528.723 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 254.960 530.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( could have permitted the author to reflect on how the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 515.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(dimension of memory, so important in contemporary Spain, relates \(or not\) to the cities presented in this )] TJ ET BT 34.016 501.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(volume. It would have been welcome to see the discussion opened out in the final chapter to include a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 487.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(reflection of how the theories and observations of critics such as Sennett, Sudjic, and, Foucault, for instance, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 473.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(compare with and could be applied to the Spanish experience. Deyan Sudjic in particular has explored how )] TJ ET BT 34.016 458.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(?the architecture of the state? has been used in contemporary conflicts ? notably by the Republics of the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 444.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(former Yugoslavia in the run up to the wars of the 1990s and subsequently. In his )] TJ ET BT 428.300 444.581 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Edifice Complex)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 510.956 444.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(9\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 510.956 443.187 m 524.948 443.187 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 524.948 444.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 430.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Sudjic dedicates a chapter to ?landscapes of power? in which he discusses how both democratic and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 416.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(totalitarian leaders have used architecture strategically in order to make a public statement about their ability )] TJ ET BT 34.016 401.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(to control events and show how through the sheer power of will they are able to give shape to the world.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 534.932 401.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(10\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 534.932 400.419 m 554.924 400.419 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 387.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(?State architecture?, he writes ?is successful when it is able rapidly to take on the quality of inevitability?.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 34.016 373.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(11\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.016 371.907 m 54.008 371.907 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 54.008 373.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( Was this the case in Spain? It would appear that yes, there are many examples that indicate to some )] TJ ET BT 34.016 359.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(extent it was successful in Spain: that the imposition of Escorial-style architecture, the hierarchical )] TJ ET BT 34.016 344.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(structuring of town centres, the differentiation of building materials used for ?noble? buildings or for those )] TJ ET BT 34.016 330.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(intended to house the working classes did acquire a quality of inevitability. 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The author dedicates enough time to discussing the)] TJ ET BT 435.284 261.509 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [( construction)] TJ ET BT 498.284 261.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( of the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 247.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(various sites studied that the subtitle of the book would have been equally accurate had it included this term. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 232.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Some of the most intriguing points made by Dr Muoz-Rojas are her remarks suggesting how the Spanish )] TJ ET BT 34.016 218.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(experience relates to other European ones. For instance, her mention of how the financial models developed )] TJ ET BT 34.016 204.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(for the Spanish reconstruction were informed by the post-First World War systems adopted by Italy \(p. 27\) )] TJ ET BT 34.016 190.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(is very suggestive, as are the brief glimpses offered at a comparison with post-Second World War )] TJ ET BT 34.016 175.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(reconstruction in Europe. Developing this comparative approach further in the final section of the book )] TJ ET BT 34.016 161.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(would have allowed for a broader understanding of how this Spanish experience fits within a wider picture, a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 147.461 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(scope which then would also have enabled the author to reflect on which of the dynamics that she observed )] TJ ET BT 34.016 133.205 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(were particular to Spain; perhaps this could be a subject for a future book or article.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 106.949 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Ashes and Granite )] TJ ET BT 126.344 106.949 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(clearly reveals the contradictory dynamics often present in post-war reconstructions and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 92.693 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(especially that of trying to draw on tradition while at the same time taking advantage of destruction to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 78.437 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(modernise. It also makes apparent a major gap that often arises between ambitious plans for reconstruction )] TJ ET BT 34.016 64.181 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and the realities of post-war situations in which resources are limited, power balances delicate, and urgent )] TJ ET endstream endobj 24 0 obj [22 0 R /Fit] endobj 25 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 26 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 256.9637 752.6215 270.9557 764.5015 ] >> endobj 26 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 27 0 obj [22 0 R /Fit] endobj 28 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 29 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 259.2797 681.3415 273.2717 693.2215 ] >> endobj 29 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 30 0 obj [22 0 R /Fit] endobj 31 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 32 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 196.6397 612.3175 210.6317 624.1975 ] >> endobj 32 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 33 0 obj [22 0 R /Fit] endobj 34 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 35 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 147.6677 557.5495 161.6597 569.4295 ] >> endobj 35 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 36 0 obj [22 0 R /Fit] endobj 37 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 38 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 249.3197 557.5495 263.3117 569.4295 ] >> endobj 38 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 39 0 obj [22 0 R /Fit] endobj 40 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 41 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 240.9677 529.0375 254.9597 540.9175 ] >> endobj 41 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 42 0 obj [22 0 R /Fit] endobj 43 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 44 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 510.9557 443.5015 524.9477 455.3815 ] >> endobj 44 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 45 0 obj [22 0 R /Fit] endobj 46 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 47 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 534.9317 400.7335 554.9237 412.6135 ] >> endobj 47 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 48 0 obj [22 0 R /Fit] endobj 49 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 50 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 34.0157 372.2215 54.0077 384.1015 ] >> endobj 50 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 51 0 obj [22 0 R /Fit] endobj 52 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 53 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 464.2637 315.1975 484.2557 327.0775 ] >> endobj 53 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 54 0 obj [22 0 R /Fit] endobj 55 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 56 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 484.6157 300.9415 504.6077 312.8215 ] >> endobj 56 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 57 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 59 0 R 61 0 R 63 0 R 65 0 R 67 0 R 69 0 R 71 0 R 73 0 R 75 0 R 77 0 R 79 0 R 81 0 R 83 0 R 85 0 R 87 0 R ] /Contents 58 0 R >> endobj 58 0 obj << /Length 7928 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(demands numerous. Dr Muoz-Rojas has pulled together a variety of primary resources from a wide range )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of municipal archives to delineate a compelling image of the post-war reconstruction of Spanish cities. She )] TJ ET BT 34.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(shows how the Franco regime?s vision of the ?new? Spain, and its corresponding reconstruction practices, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(evolved in direct response to its shifting allegiances with other countries. And, through the empirical )] TJ ET BT 34.016 739.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(material of the three cases studied, she demonstrates how crucial the symbolic dimension was to post-war )] TJ ET BT 34.016 725.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(reconstruction policies: alternating between layering symbolism, accentuating selective meanings, revealing )] TJ ET BT 34.016 710.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(old content, or imposing new interpretations. With )] TJ ET BT 279.668 710.933 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Ashes and Granite )] TJ ET BT 371.996 710.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Dr Muoz-Rojas offers an important )] TJ ET BT 34.016 696.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(contribution to writing the story of this period in Spain?s troubled past.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 661.779 Td /F3 18.0 Tf [(Notes)] TJ ET BT 48.816 631.162 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(1.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 631.157 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Paul Preston, )] TJ ET BT 130.352 631.157 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The Spanish Holocaust: Inquisition and Extermination in Twentieth-Century Spain)] TJ ET BT 64.016 616.901 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(London, 2012\).)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 142.340 616.901 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(1\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 142.340 615.507 m 196.328 615.507 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 48.816 602.650 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(2.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 602.645 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Bajo el Signo de la Victoria. La Conservacin del Patrimonio Durante el Primer Franquismo \(1936)] TJ ET BT 545.672 602.645 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(?)] TJ ET BT 64.016 588.389 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(1958\))] TJ ET BT 92.012 588.389 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, ed. Jos Ignacio Casar Pinazo and Julin Esteban Chapapra \(Valencia, 2008\); )] TJ ET BT 476.264 588.389 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Patrimonio, )] TJ ET BT 64.016 574.133 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Guerra Civil y Posguerra)] TJ ET BT 187.676 574.133 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, ed. Arturo Colorado Castellary \(Madrid, 2010\).)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 421.640 574.133 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(2\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 421.640 572.739 m 475.628 572.739 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 48.816 559.882 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(3.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 559.877 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Bajo el Signo de la Victoria)] TJ ET BT 197.684 559.877 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, ed. Pinazo and Chapapra.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 329.324 559.877 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(3\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 329.324 558.483 m 383.312 558.483 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 48.816 545.626 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(4.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 545.621 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Dacia Viejo-Rose, )] TJ ET BT 155.660 545.621 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Reconstructing Spain: Cultural heritage and memory after Civil War)] TJ ET BT 487.652 545.621 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(Eastbourne, )] TJ ET BT 64.016 531.365 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(2011\).)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 95.012 531.365 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(4\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 95.012 529.971 m 149.000 529.971 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 48.816 517.114 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(5.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 517.109 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Richard Sennett, )] TJ ET BT 147.008 517.109 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Authority)] TJ ET BT 192.344 517.109 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(London, 1988\), p. 165.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 309.668 517.109 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(5\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 309.668 515.715 m 363.656 515.715 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 48.816 502.858 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(6.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 502.853 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Richard Sennett, )] TJ ET BT 147.008 502.853 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The Uses of Disorder. Personal Identity and City Life)] TJ ET BT 404.672 502.853 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(London, 1970\).)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 485.996 502.853 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(6\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 485.996 501.459 m 539.984 501.459 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 48.816 488.602 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(7.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 488.597 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Sennett, )] TJ ET BT 106.016 488.597 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Authority)] TJ ET BT 151.352 488.597 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 154.352 488.597 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(7\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 154.352 487.203 m 208.340 487.203 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 48.816 474.346 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(8.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 474.341 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Memory Culture and the Contemporary City)] TJ ET BT 278.336 474.341 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, ed. Staiger, Uta, Henriette Steiner and Andrew Webber )] TJ ET BT 64.016 460.085 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(Basingstoke , 2009\).)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 166.676 460.085 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(8\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 166.676 458.691 m 220.664 458.691 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 48.816 445.834 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(9.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 445.829 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Devan Sudjic, )] TJ ET BT 135.008 445.829 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The Edifice Complex)] TJ ET BT 235.664 445.829 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(. \(London, 2011 \(1st ed. 2005\)\).)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 389.312 445.829 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(9\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 389.312 444.435 m 443.300 444.435 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 42.816 431.578 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(10.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 431.573 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Ibid., pp. 64?88.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 142.676 431.573 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(10\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 142.676 430.179 m 202.664 430.179 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 42.816 417.322 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(11.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 417.317 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Ibid., pp. 64?88.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 142.676 417.317 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(11\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 142.676 415.923 m 202.664 415.923 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 42.816 403.066 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(12.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 403.061 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Michel Foucault, ?Space, knowledge, and power?, in )] TJ ET BT 321.632 403.061 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The Foucault Reader)] TJ ET BT 423.620 403.061 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, ed. Paul Rabinow \(New )] TJ ET BT 64.016 388.805 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(York, NY, 1982\), pp. 239?56.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 208.328 388.805 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(12\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 208.328 387.411 m 268.316 387.411 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 42.816 374.554 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(13.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 374.549 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Michel Foucault, ?The subject and power?, )] TJ ET BT 274.640 374.549 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Critical Inquiry)] TJ ET BT 350.312 374.549 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, 8 \(Summer 1982\).)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 443.972 374.549 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(13\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 443.972 373.155 m 503.960 373.155 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 348.293 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Other reviews:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 334.037 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Michigan War Studies Review)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 34.016 319.781 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.miwsr.com/2012-016.aspx)] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.016 318.387 m 219.680 318.387 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 222.680 319.781 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