%PDF-1.3 1 0 obj << /Type /Catalog /Outlines 2 0 R /Pages 3 0 R >> endobj 2 0 obj << /Type /Outlines /Count 0 >> endobj 3 0 obj << /Type /Pages /Kids [6 0 R 17 0 R 22 0 R 27 0 R 29 0 R ] /Count 5 /Resources << /ProcSet 4 0 R /Font << /F1 8 0 R /F2 9 0 R /F3 10 0 R >> /XObject << /I1 11 0 R >> >> /MediaBox [0.000 0.000 595.280 841.890] >> endobj 4 0 obj [/PDF /Text /ImageC ] endobj 5 0 obj << /Creator (DOMPDF) /CreationDate (D:20140721120240+01'00') /ModDate (D:20140721120240+01'00') /Title (Presenting History: Past and Present) >> endobj 6 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 12 0 R 15 0 R ] /Contents 7 0 R >> endobj 7 0 obj << /Length 4436 >> stream q 381.750 0 0 120.000 34.016 687.874 cm /I1 Do Q 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Published on )] TJ ET BT 99.356 676.469 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Reviews in History)] TJ ET BT 190.016 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \()] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 197.012 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 197.012 675.075 m 357.332 675.075 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 357.332 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\))] TJ ET 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.391 653.743 526.499 1.500 re S BT 34.016 615.321 Td /F3 18.0 Tf [(Presenting History: Past and Present)] TJ ET BT 34.016 287.579 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The recent upsurge in the popularity of documentaries, historical novels, films and television adaptations of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 273.323 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(past events and persons has emphasised the fact that there is a public thirst for history that remains largely )] TJ ET BT 34.016 259.067 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(untapped by the academic profession. Complaints are made outside of academia that historians make their )] TJ ET BT 34.016 244.811 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(subjects dry and dull, or fill the pages with jargon that only another similarly trained historian would )] TJ ET BT 34.016 230.555 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(understand. The public wants history, but they want it in a different form than academic historians are )] TJ ET BT 34.016 216.299 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(generally willing, or are able, to provide. The question that Professor Peter J. Beck asks us to consider is )] TJ ET BT 34.016 202.043 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(how such presentations influence our understanding of and interest in the past and whether academic history )] TJ ET BT 34.016 187.787 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(both in the teaching of and research in\) fails to ignite interest in its subject matter due to practices and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 173.531 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(standardisations of presentation in the field. Is it possible that as academic historians we are doing it wrong? )] TJ ET BT 34.016 159.275 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Beck examines the subject through a series of case studies, bringing to the forefront historians who have )] TJ ET BT 34.016 145.019 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(attempted to reach a wider audience, historical novelists, television and film producers, as well as writers of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 130.763 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(history for children.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 104.507 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(I personally came to look at this book after running the ?virtual? element of the Institute of Historical )] TJ ET BT 34.016 90.251 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Research?s )] TJ ET BT 90.992 90.251 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Novel Approaches)] TJ ET BT 179.312 90.251 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( conference.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 237.944 90.251 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(1\))] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 237.944 88.857 m 251.936 88.857 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 251.936 90.251 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( This started me thinking about the role historical novels might )] TJ ET BT 34.016 75.995 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(play in the public understanding of history but also the challenges that fictional rather than purely factual )] TJ ET BT 34.016 61.739 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(accounts brought to the academic presentation of the past. This was not the first time that I had encountered )] TJ ET BT 34.016 584.699 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Review Number:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 570.443 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(1251)] TJ ET BT 34.016 556.187 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publish date:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 541.931 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Thursday, 10 May, 2012)] TJ ET BT 34.016 527.675 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Author:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 513.419 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Peter J. Beck)] TJ ET BT 34.016 499.163 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(ISBN:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 484.907 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(978-0230242081)] TJ ET BT 34.016 470.651 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Date of Publication:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 456.395 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(2012)] TJ ET BT 34.016 442.139 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Price:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 427.883 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(17.99)] TJ ET BT 34.016 413.627 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Pages:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 399.371 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(368pp.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 385.115 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publisher:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 370.859 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Palgrave Macmillan)] TJ ET BT 34.016 356.603 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Place of Publication:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 342.347 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(London)] TJ ET BT 34.016 328.091 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Reviewer:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 313.835 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Matt Phillpott)] TJ ET endstream endobj 8 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F1 /BaseFont /Times-Roman /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 9 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F2 /BaseFont /Times-Italic /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 10 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F3 /BaseFont /Times-Bold /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 11 0 obj << /Type /XObject /Subtype /Image /Width 509 /Height 160 /Filter /FlateDecode /DecodeParms << /Predictor 15 /Colors 3 /Columns 509 /BitsPerComponent 8>> /Mask [ 255 255 255 255 255 255 ] /ColorSpace /DeviceRGB /BitsPerComponent 8 /Length 3280>> stream x[EQ㎦fVttҒ +3O{?lGDQԯDrB^.ϯ%~'0۠/2>0AG_>0j0GCfE67>rB^}@  !&y+r?INp:erc b8f=rQC!~-Wf^^zF[)G 2ޯe7V_Go3Ke GEGOo8rώ#\1ZY~N6^H}yLxS-!:412V+u\-LSO?xVvZ|GjǮT_8EYJF=Tw^ 7GxfN/S:Ʌ~ʟtt?5n÷J'JcF-GVξx{rO~tJd;#a\7}|~y'>}c2C vR}f׈**h.)_&@pfzjsx:5;S\vKhM5j=!Cn+h"u]a EUN]jn=k<,:Ք>sU!ni~6EJ)¦72?G}[y}_vc$t?iSܟ2Zݞ,VN?_`='RFK1A2qv&X_lLRWY'%:I㢖zb_UEx\>&ɆBˏ~K@ \gYØU4}$8Dv!'Q'*+Εj(UCGo[#< 2Ja(sZi9fZKE Rn`u\9r^Zmɯ׹}mstO4uc~#'jEvۼ Dx[z ޏQ4KL5,5u3>i^uÒ-53ba ~,~/pyt1fMU'CVm:qv~=Y'Es"WsφG?l_kN5}],Ow7 uh`xƫ?zMl7ٻv$A(4Dl(wwH} ?=[=S;yC]^BK>㕪9`Z'Wj;E|:bf>kCԘ#RY,iv쵗~}n'"1u" *uO΄/2^Sxr(!/DD\~mJyZ!MmrA!#u[if|99WB WΡpp}w}sh#,\ &:%˳X?D3 %W0cC?o̲^} F3XLVn]Cߖiϧ!7}yZJ#P7]=)7Ρp;>> Ye^xx{Oafw{ ;>4gfLt ʊ:q%#r/)pv!O4wGh|dS ӣݽހ-gVUC'pBxrB^} 7JA^} /'8!`:r?}}],X  }6y!`/~Br?}Q< >k7vx"] ,' .3jn{-i}|~%-};b6#U)7繎kiEw 㤳:E}[޼c"rꬊ7Dc$~"/Y&zSd:tFȌCrʙ`7u .#[-<)j ?TGS(j~oTup(hjU4PlJ=}|it.ҽ@\wʨuXÞZcx18Wo<~ikOg,ވ\^?EneyZcc0[R١z|zv7_m:_n]a?osS3~j^ hD.a_X'KfBX6w wݶ"Oa:,bvhrWH[uCF-Xfc}>x+Rz)2N-B 7y^٨;[/vg? | |2Sve}=o䑰j[vWjF0{굦?VI~}xM(_TlG__+]:#к?S} c>GŸD7 !w{S{B =x7a?oE#)+Gz:o_4Q<;n?\tt7?mGCџQGu4kņOF>F?#} hP&ђߴM#u!.СtL2^#o nIk_i.~7tr@n 1P~3?.[]=S5b߮~Yo^HFH YBi8a4iom>CKgMy*;?zqEӕ` >zB9iFzC?XF?ޟIܰ펉A}{I5ᄊx%ez#Mp@rߎpi]IOVjzuJt\۰f׺u5><,J~PTJp1)}){9N {!`/> endstream endobj 12 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 13 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 197.0117 675.3895 357.3317 687.2695 ] >> endobj 13 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews) >> endobj 14 0 obj [6 0 R /Fit] endobj 15 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 16 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 237.9437 89.1715 251.9357 101.0515 ] >> endobj 16 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 17 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 20 0 R ] /Contents 18 0 R >> endobj 18 0 obj << /Length 7231 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(academic discourse concerning partially fictional representations of historical events. During my )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(undergraduate degree I took a module in counterfactual history directly influenced by the work of Niall )] TJ ET BT 34.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Ferguson, Robert Cowley and others, who made the ?what if?? question popular in the 1990s. Peter Beck )] TJ ET BT 34.016 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(deals with both historical fiction and counterfactual histories in the pages of this book, but does it deliver on )] TJ ET BT 34.016 739.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(its promise to make historians consider more carefully the presentation of their work? The short answer I )] TJ ET BT 34.016 725.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(would say is yes, albeit with a few reservations, related mainly to its case study approach.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 698.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The first case study focuses on A. J. P. Taylor, the historian best-known for kick-starting academic )] TJ ET BT 34.016 684.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(presentations of history on radio and television over 40 years ago. Often frowned upon by his fellow Oxford )] TJ ET BT 34.016 670.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(dons, who called his writing in newspapers and magazines ?highly distasteful? \(p. 56\), Taylor nonetheless )] TJ ET BT 34.016 656.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(pursued a career that brought academic lecturing to a public audience. His academic articles and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 641.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(monographs were also written with a strong storyline, were compulsively readable, but could also come )] TJ ET BT 34.016 627.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(across as controversial. Taylor demonstrated pronounced pro-Soviet sympathies and did not hide his dislike )] TJ ET BT 34.016 613.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of the USA. He was also an active and non-partial campaigner for nuclear disarmament. These opinions had )] TJ ET BT 34.016 599.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(a role to play in the types of arguments Taylor came up with, especially over the provocative topic of Hitler )] TJ ET BT 34.016 584.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and appeasement. Beck provides a much more optimistic survey of Taylor?s career than that made by David )] TJ ET BT 34.016 570.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Cannadine and Geoffrey Wheatcroft )] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 211.952 570.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(2\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 211.952 569.235 m 225.944 569.235 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 225.944 570.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, whom he describes as ?unduly pessimistic? in their opinion of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 556.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Taylor \(p. 64\). Taylor might today be viewed as a controversial figure in the history profession but his role )] TJ ET BT 34.016 542.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(in leading public history in various 20th?century media paved the way for the likes of Simon Schama.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 515.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The second case study contrasts A. J. P. Taylor?s staunch but considered rejection of Marxism, as failing to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 501.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(provide the all-encompassing key to understanding history, with Eric Hobsbawm who has become one of its )] TJ ET BT 34.016 487.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(leading exponents. Beck looks at how Hobsbawm has become the focus for discussion over the Marxist )] TJ ET BT 34.016 473.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(presentation of history and how in the public sphere historians and politicians have, as late as 2008, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 458.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(attempted to counter his claims. As Beck states:)] TJ ET BT 64.016 420.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(?Hobsbawm, the historian, has always proved a controversial figure, attracting both high praise )] TJ ET BT 64.016 406.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(for influencing the way we think about history and strong hostility for espousing a Marxist )] TJ ET BT 64.016 392.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(approach glossing over the Soviet bloc?s unsavoury past. Even so, over time his standing as one )] TJ ET BT 64.016 377.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of Britain?s leading living historians has been recognised by an extremely wide range of )] TJ ET BT 64.016 363.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(historians, including many who disagree profoundly with his politics? \(p. 88\).)] TJ ET BT 34.016 325.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Other than producing a straightforward account of Hobsbawm as a Marxist historian this chapter draws out )] TJ ET BT 34.016 311.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(two interesting elements of his career. The first is the difficulty of writing about events that one has lived )] TJ ET BT 34.016 296.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(through \(especially when viewing those events through a politically-biased lens\). For some time, Hobsbawm )] TJ ET BT 34.016 282.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(made a point of not writing about anything beyond 1914 but this was not to last. How do you situate yourself )] TJ ET BT 34.016 268.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(in recent events whilst also attempting a ?neutral? account of those events \(pp. 80?2\)? The second point )] TJ ET BT 34.016 254.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(looks at how Hobsbawm found himself reassessing the years up to 1991 when the Soviet bloc failed. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 239.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Hobsbawm believed that history should not be written from a present day perspective yet, nonetheless, could )] TJ ET BT 34.016 225.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(not but reinterpret the Soviet era in light of recent events. There are no direct answers here, but Beck does )] TJ ET BT 34.016 211.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(note that these issues are important and worth consideration.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 184.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Chapter six returns the story to television historians; in this case how Simon Schama reinvented television )] TJ ET BT 34.016 170.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(history from ?dull? lecture and talking head-style documentaries, to a richer more entertaining performance. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 156.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Much of the chapter is focused on Schama?s own dilemma in presenting a show on the entire history of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 142.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Britain. The ?A? in the title of )] TJ ET BT 182.000 142.229 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(A History of Britain)] TJ ET BT 277.676 142.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( is reflective of his concern not to claim a definitive )] TJ ET BT 34.016 127.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(history, but nonetheless that is often how the show was received. The chapter looks more generally at the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 113.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(requirements of television and its limitations as a platform for relaying historical knowledge. Claims of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 99.461 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(?dumbing down? can be debated amongst academics but the necessity of selection and lack of sufficient )] TJ ET BT 34.016 85.205 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(time to cover all topics and historical events \(the Wars of the Roses, for instance, fell between the cracks\) is )] TJ ET BT 34.016 70.949 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(an undeniable difficulty and one that various television historians have attempted to solve in varying ways. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 56.693 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Beck presents a discussion on how television history is increasingly becoming the main conduit for the )] TJ ET endstream endobj 19 0 obj [17 0 R /Fit] endobj 20 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 21 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 211.9517 569.5495 225.9437 581.4295 ] >> endobj 21 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 22 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 25 0 R ] /Contents 23 0 R >> endobj 23 0 obj << /Length 8169 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(consumption of history by the general public and how there is still some resistance in academia to what they )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(see as the limitations of television presentation for academically vigorous research.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 755.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The development of counterfactual history or ?what if?s ?? moves the focus of Beck?s book on to the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 741.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(question of factual versus fictional representation of the past, which is most commonly associated with the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 727.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(discussions over historical fiction. Beck breaks up his discussion into three main points: 1\) the philosophical )] TJ ET BT 34.016 713.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(reservations about counterfactual histories; 2\) their chequered track record; 3\) the case for virtual history. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 698.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The central problem in a counterfactual approach lies within the profession?s focus on rigorous standards of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 684.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(research based upon ?what actually happened? rather than what might have happened. In general )] TJ ET BT 34.016 670.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(counterfactuals are viewed as making imaginative use of evidence but failing to meet those standards. Not )] TJ ET BT 34.016 656.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(all historians, however, agree with this assessment as demonstrated by the historian that Beck chooses to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 641.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(focus upon for this chapter, Niall Ferguson. In 1997 Ferguson championed ?virtual history? as editor of a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 627.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(collection of essays entitled )] TJ ET BT 170.000 627.653 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Virtual History: Alternatives and Counterfactuals)] TJ ET BT 409.340 627.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(. Yet, even with Ferguson, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 613.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(claims have been made by historians that counterfactuals generally paint a too positive alternative picture: )] TJ ET BT 34.016 599.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(for instance Ferguson argued that if Britain had not joined the war in 1914 then Germany might have won )] TJ ET BT 34.016 584.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and created a European state not all that dissimilar to the European Union \(without so much bloodshed\). )] TJ ET BT 34.016 570.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(However, such conclusions ignore many other elements, including the question: would Britain have stood )] TJ ET BT 34.016 556.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(for a German EU state if it had come about in that way?)] TJ ET BT 34.016 530.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Gender and feminist history is the subject for chapter eight through the biography of Joan Wallach Scott. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 515.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Scott?s seminal article ?Gender: a useful category of historical analysis? remains one of the American )] TJ ET BT 34.016 501.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Historical Review?s most downloaded and cited articles, revealing its continued relevance and international )] TJ ET BT 34.016 487.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(interest.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 72.344 487.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(3\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 72.344 485.955 m 86.336 485.955 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 86.336 487.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( Scott began to investigate gender history using empirical and Marxist frameworks but, upon her )] TJ ET BT 34.016 473.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(move to the Nancy Duke Lewis chair at Brown University, started to follow Foucault, and his idea of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 458.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(viewing history as power relations through the lens of language and discourse. From there Scott looked into )] TJ ET BT 34.016 444.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the possibilities of psychoanalysis for investigating the psyche of those that she studied. Although there are )] TJ ET BT 34.016 430.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(still outstanding issues with regard to gender and women?s history and a reluctance amongst many historians )] TJ ET BT 34.016 416.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(to take up gender theory in any form, Scott has set the agenda in this regard and helped to expand the remit )] TJ ET BT 34.016 401.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and interests of historical endeavour.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 375.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Chapter nine looks at the uneasy but lucrative relationship between Hollywood and history. )] TJ ET BT 475.964 375.557 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Braveheart)] TJ ET BT 34.016 361.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(1995\); )] TJ ET BT 72.344 361.301 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(U-571)] TJ ET BT 103.004 361.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(2000\); and )] TJ ET BT 164.660 361.301 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The Tudors)] TJ ET BT 219.668 361.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(2007?11\) are highlighted as particularly controversial and as lacking )] TJ ET BT 34.016 347.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(historical accuracy but there are many other examples noted. Included in the discussion are incidents when )] TJ ET BT 34.016 332.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(inaccuracy has caused political debates or outcry, particularly where national pride or sensitive subjects such )] TJ ET BT 34.016 318.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(as race are concerned. This chapter asks if history can be presented accurately as entertainment, or whether )] TJ ET BT 34.016 304.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(this matters to the general viewing audience or to the promotion of accurate knowledge of the past. The view )] TJ ET BT 34.016 290.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(that comes across seems to suggest that it should be possible, but rarely is it ever achieved. Indeed, although )] TJ ET BT 34.016 275.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Robert A. Rosenstone?s \(the historian focused upon by Beck\) attempts to promote Hollywood films as )] TJ ET BT 34.016 261.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(having potential for telling history have proven enlightening, many academics have yet to be convinced.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 235.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Next Beck moves from the screen back to the written page, but this time by looking at historical fiction, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 220.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(primarily through the career of the highly successful and award-winning author Philippa Gregory. Beck )] TJ ET BT 34.016 206.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(describes the relationship between academic history and historical fiction as ?problematic, occasionally )] TJ ET BT 34.016 192.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(turbulent? \(p. 201\). Various questions are asked in this vein, including ?should history and historical novels )] TJ ET BT 34.016 178.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(be treated as either completely different, complementary or inseparably twinned? \(p. 223\). Gregory is a good )] TJ ET BT 34.016 163.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(example, having successfully promoted Tudor and women?s history through her )] TJ ET BT 422.960 163.973 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The Other Boleyn Girl )] TJ ET BT 34.016 149.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(2001\). She is a bestselling author who makes claim to authentic historical research which provides the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 135.461 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(background for her fictional stories. Of course, other historical fiction writers could have easily been chosen )] TJ ET BT 34.016 121.205 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(for this chapter. Hilary Mantel?s )] TJ ET BT 193.316 121.205 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Wolf Hall)] TJ ET BT 240.320 121.205 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(2009\) is referred to several times, as is the contribution of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 106.949 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Alison Weir, whilst historian Ian Mortimer could have been another witness, using the pen name James )] TJ ET BT 34.016 92.693 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Forrester for his novels. There are many others. At the crux of the chapter are several inter-related questions. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 78.437 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Should historical fiction strive to be historically accurate or is it just entertainment where ?true? history )] TJ ET BT 34.016 64.181 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(doesn?t really matter? Is historical fiction an ally of academic history or a threat to it? What does historical )] TJ ET BT 34.016 49.925 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(fiction do better in promoting and educating people in their history that academic historians are unable to )] TJ ET endstream endobj 24 0 obj [22 0 R /Fit] endobj 25 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 26 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 72.3437 486.2695 86.3357 498.1495 ] >> endobj 26 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 27 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Contents 28 0 R >> endobj 28 0 obj << /Length 7538 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(do? Hilary Mantel, for example, has argued that her depiction of Thomas Cromwell in her )] TJ ET BT 469.604 796.469 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Wolf Hall)] TJ ET BT 516.608 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( is one )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(possible true history based upon the evidence. It is not to say that there are not alternatives or that there is no )] TJ ET BT 34.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(fictional elements here, but that every attempt has been made to represent a true account of Cromwell and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(his world. Unlike academic historians Mantel is not proposing a variety of interpretations but one possible )] TJ ET BT 34.016 739.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(interpretation.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 713.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The actual bestselling writer of history in the country, Terry Deary, the author of the )] TJ ET BT 442.268 713.189 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Horrible Histories)] TJ ET BT 34.016 698.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(children book?s is the next to come under the spotlight. Deary proclaims himself as anti-establishment and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 684.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(argues that history teaching in schools and by academics is boring and uninteresting. Deary?s witty, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 670.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(?bloody?, and entertaining approach excites children but is also based upon strong research. Although there )] TJ ET BT 34.016 656.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(is some disagreement over how effectual the )] TJ ET BT 250.964 656.165 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Horrible Histories)] TJ ET BT 339.968 656.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( actually are in raising awareness of history )] TJ ET BT 34.016 641.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(in children or if they represent the best method, their commercial success speaks for itself. Academic )] TJ ET BT 34.016 627.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(historians rarely look at Deary?s work and Deary himself refuses the title historian. The success of the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 613.397 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Horrible Histories)] TJ ET BT 123.020 613.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( books has led to a television programme, audio adaptations, internet resources, a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 599.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(computer game and theatre productions. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 572.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Chapters 12 and 13 return to the academic historian, but to how sometimes presenters of history are )] TJ ET BT 34.016 558.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(negatively viewed in the wider media, and are subject to claims of propaganda writing, or improper or )] TJ ET BT 34.016 544.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(inadequate research. The issue of ?using and abusing the past? or the raising up of the ?shortcomings? of an )] TJ ET BT 34.016 530.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(historian?s credentials in a public arena is looked at through the case studies of Michael A. Bellesiles and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 515.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Stephen Ambrose. Bellesiles wrote )] TJ ET BT 205.664 515.861 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Arming America)] TJ ET BT 285.320 515.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(2000\) ? a book in which he argued as inaccurate the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 501.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(American claim to the right to own a gun as originating with the foundation of the Constitution. Bellesiles )] TJ ET BT 34.016 487.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(was attacked for producing a one-sided viewpoint, directed against present-day gun law. Ambrose, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 473.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(meanwhile, was brought up on charges of plagiarism within his accounts of American history that made him )] TJ ET BT 34.016 458.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(a well-known name. Chapter 13 continues this theme with perhaps the most well-known controversy: David )] TJ ET BT 34.016 444.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Irving and claims \(proven in court\) of Holocaust denial. The chapter also questions whether countries are )] TJ ET BT 34.016 430.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(right or wrong to bring in laws that make illegal certain views, such as Holocaust denial, or if this impinges )] TJ ET BT 34.016 416.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and damages the historians right and need to view the past as they feel it should be viewed \(even if this )] TJ ET BT 34.016 401.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(might mean that they are wrong\).)] TJ ET BT 34.016 375.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The book concludes by arguing that historians need to maintain the vigour of their discipline but that more )] TJ ET BT 34.016 361.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(needs to be done to capture a wider audience. Beck also argues that non-academic history writing, including )] TJ ET BT 34.016 347.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(historical fiction and television histories, need to be taken more seriously by academic historians; historians )] TJ ET BT 34.016 332.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(should ?consider what can be learnt from other presenters of the past about reaching and engaging )] TJ ET BT 34.016 318.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(audiences?. In brief, as Beck states several times in the introduction and conclusion writers of history )] TJ ET BT 34.016 304.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(sometimes need to be reminded to follow a simple dictum: ?presentation, presentation, presentation?.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 278.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Beck?s book is therefore thought-provoking, as it looks beyond the normative study of academic historians )] TJ ET BT 34.016 263.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(as researchers and looks instead at their presentational appeal, comparing them to other presenters of the past )] TJ ET BT 34.016 249.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(both factual and fictional in nature. At its core is a question over the legitimacy of varying approaches to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 235.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(studying and presenting history. Beck refuses to be drawn into a sensationalist conclusion. It would have )] TJ ET BT 34.016 220.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(been tempting to claim that academic history, as divorced as it can sometimes be from ?public? histories, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 206.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(requires drastic changes, but this is not what Beck argues. His thoughts are well-researched and carefully )] TJ ET BT 34.016 192.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(thought out and offer a challenge to historians to consider their research from the reader?s point of view and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 178.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(as only one amongst many legitimate ways to explore the past.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 151.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The case study approach however, does seem to detract or even distort the full picture and the argument that )] TJ ET BT 34.016 137.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Beck is outlining. Reading the chapter on television historians, for example, one could be mistaken for )] TJ ET BT 34.016 123.461 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(thinking that David Starkey is little more than a commentator on Simon Schama rather than a well-known )] TJ ET BT 34.016 109.205 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(television historian himself. The narrative jumps from the ?lecture?-style television of A. J. P Taylor to the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 94.949 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(documentary style of Simon Schama leaving relatively little said of what happened in between. There is also )] TJ ET BT 34.016 80.693 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(a surprising gap in the form of digital presentation of history. The rise of the internet along with )] TJ ET BT 34.016 66.437 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(encyclopaedias such as Wikipedia, social networking sites \(primarily Twitter and Facebook\) and media )] TJ ET BT 34.016 52.181 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(channels such as YouTube and iTunes-U, have had an immense impact on public understanding and )] TJ ET endstream endobj 29 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 31 0 R 33 0 R 35 0 R 37 0 R 39 0 R 41 0 R ] /Contents 30 0 R >> endobj 30 0 obj << /Length 5749 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(knowledge of the past. Indeed, ?online? history promises a very different presentation of the past than is )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(possible through traditional publications or even television and film. The list of missing elements could also )] TJ ET BT 34.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(bring in family history, local ?amateur? history, and journalistic history magazines such as )] TJ ET BT 471.632 767.957 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(History Today)] TJ ET BT 34.016 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and the )] TJ ET BT 72.008 753.701 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(BBC)] TJ ET BT 94.676 753.701 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [( History)] TJ ET BT 133.676 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( magazine. Of course, it is impossible to include everything, and selections have to be )] TJ ET BT 34.016 739.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(made, but the lack of these elements left out some interesting avenues of investigation.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 713.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Nevertheless, the stated goal to ?encourage and enable readers to engage with and reflect upon in an )] TJ ET BT 34.016 698.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(informed manner the varying ways in which the past is presented to diverse audiences within and outside )] TJ ET BT 34.016 684.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(academia? \(p. 1\) is achieved through lucid and carefully thought-out research and discussion. Thus Beck )] TJ ET BT 34.016 670.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(succeeds in contextualising 20th? and 21st?century academic history within the wider scope of the past as )] TJ ET BT 34.016 656.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(presented in the public sphere. In Britain reaching out from academia to a wider public audience is )] TJ ET BT 34.016 641.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(increasingly becoming a necessity. It is therefore vital, and thus timely, that a book looks from the inside of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 627.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(academic history at the discipline as perceived from the outside. Academic history can often appear insular )] TJ ET BT 34.016 613.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(in its debates and arguments but what Beck offers here is an opportunity to consider whether the traditional )] TJ ET BT 34.016 599.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(discourse should move away from its accepted modes of conduct or whether a change is required. The study )] TJ ET BT 34.016 584.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(looks at something that historians are only now beginning to approach and attempt to understand. It is )] TJ ET BT 34.016 570.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(therefore a useful starting point for further examination into the varied ways of presenting history, and a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 556.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(challenge to historians to write thoroughly-researched academic texts in an approachable and readable )] TJ ET BT 34.016 542.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(manner.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 507.219 Td /F3 18.0 Tf [(Notes)] TJ ET BT 48.816 476.602 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(1.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 476.597 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Novel Approaches: from academic history to historical fiction)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 365.336 476.597 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://ihrconference.wordpress.com/)] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 365.336 475.203 m 539.300 475.203 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 542.300 476.597 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([2])] TJ ET BT 64.016 462.341 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([accessed 5 April 2012].)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 181.316 462.341 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(1\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 181.316 460.947 m 235.304 460.947 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 48.816 448.090 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(2.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 448.085 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(David Cannadine, ?I wish I?d written?, )] TJ ET BT 255.308 448.085 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The )] TJ ET BT 276.308 448.085 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Guardian, 15 August 1998; Geoffrey Wheatcroft, )] TJ ET BT 64.016 433.829 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(?Portrait: A. J. P. Taylor?, )] TJ ET BT 193.004 433.829 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Prospect)] TJ ET BT 235.664 433.829 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, 120 \(March 2006\), 46?9.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 361.304 433.829 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(2\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 361.304 432.435 m 415.292 432.435 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 48.816 419.578 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(3.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 419.573 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Joan Wallach Scott, ?Gender: a useful category of historical analysis?, )] TJ ET BT 405.272 419.573 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(American Historical Review)] TJ ET BT 541.256 419.573 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, )] TJ ET BT 64.016 405.317 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(91, 5 \(1986\), 1053?75.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 173.336 405.317 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(3\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 173.336 403.923 m 227.324 403.923 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 379.061 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Other reviews:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 364.805 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Historical Novel Society)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 34.016 350.549 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(https://historicalnovelsociety.org/reviews/presenting-history-past-and-present/)] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.016 349.155 m 409.640 349.155 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 412.640 350.549 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([3])] TJ ET 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.391 345.823 526.499 1.500 re S BT 34.016 328.043 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Source URL:)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 104.672 328.043 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/review/1251)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 104.672 326.649 m 328.316 326.649 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 301.672 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Links:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 287.272 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([1] http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/item/16379)] TJ ET BT 34.016 272.872 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([2] http://ihrconference.wordpress.com/)] TJ ET BT 34.016 258.472 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([3] https://historicalnovelsociety.org/reviews/presenting-history-past-and-present/)] TJ ET endstream endobj 31 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 32 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 365.3357 475.5175 539.2997 487.3975 ] >> endobj 32 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://ihrconference.wordpress.com/) >> endobj 33 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 34 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 181.3157 461.2615 235.3037 473.1415 ] >> endobj 34 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /GoTo /D 14 0 R >> endobj 35 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 36 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 361.3037 432.7495 415.2917 444.6295 ] >> endobj 36 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /GoTo /D 19 0 R >> endobj 37 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 38 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 173.3357 404.2375 227.3237 416.1175 ] >> endobj 38 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /GoTo /D 24 0 R >> endobj 39 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 40 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 34.0157 349.4695 409.6397 361.3495 ] >> endobj 40 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (https://historicalnovelsociety.org/reviews/presenting-history-past-and-present/) >> endobj 41 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 42 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 104.6717 326.9635 328.3157 338.8435 ] >> endobj 42 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/review/1251) >> endobj xref 0 43 0000000000 65535 f 0000000008 00000 n 0000000073 00000 n 0000000119 00000 n 0000000349 00000 n 0000000386 00000 n 0000000546 00000 n 0000000635 00000 n 0000005123 00000 n 0000005232 00000 n 0000005342 00000 n 0000005451 00000 n 0000009012 00000 n 0000009140 00000 n 0000009224 00000 n 0000009253 00000 n 0000009380 00000 n 0000009416 00000 n 0000009500 00000 n 0000016784 00000 n 0000016814 00000 n 0000016942 00000 n 0000016978 00000 n 0000017062 00000 n 0000025284 00000 n 0000025314 00000 n 0000025440 00000 n 0000025476 00000 n 0000025541 00000 n 0000033132 00000 n 0000033251 00000 n 0000039053 00000 n 0000039181 00000 n 0000039268 00000 n 0000039396 00000 n 0000039451 00000 n 0000039579 00000 n 0000039634 00000 n 0000039762 00000 n 0000039817 00000 n 0000039944 00000 n 0000040075 00000 n 0000040203 00000 n trailer << /Size 43 /Root 1 0 R /Info 5 0 R >> startxref 40299 %%EOF