%PDF-1.3 1 0 obj << /Type /Catalog /Outlines 2 0 R /Pages 3 0 R >> endobj 2 0 obj << /Type /Outlines /Count 0 >> endobj 3 0 obj << /Type /Pages /Kids [6 0 R 14 0 R 34 0 R 36 0 R 41 0 R 55 0 R 75 0 R ] /Count 7 /Resources << /ProcSet 4 0 R /Font << /F1 8 0 R /F2 9 0 R /F3 10 0 R >> /XObject << /I1 11 0 R >> >> /MediaBox [0.000 0.000 595.280 841.890] >> endobj 4 0 obj [/PDF /Text /ImageC ] endobj 5 0 obj << /Creator (DOMPDF) /CreationDate (D:20141027091134+00'00') /ModDate (D:20141027091134+00'00') /Title (An Eye for Eternity: The Life of Manning Clark) >> endobj 6 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 12 0 R ] /Contents 7 0 R >> endobj 7 0 obj << /Length 4582 >> stream q 381.750 0 0 120.000 34.016 687.874 cm /I1 Do Q 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Published on )] TJ ET BT 99.356 676.469 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Reviews in History)] TJ ET BT 190.016 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \()] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 197.012 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 197.012 675.075 m 357.332 675.075 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 357.332 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\))] TJ ET 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.391 653.743 526.499 1.500 re S BT 34.016 615.321 Td /F3 18.0 Tf [(An Eye for Eternity: The Life of Manning Clark)] TJ ET BT 64.016 275.579 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(even from his mid-twenties, he was a relentless self-promoter, a writer possessed of an inner )] TJ ET BT 64.016 261.323 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(conviction to succeed and an overwhelming hunger to be heard \(p. 226\))] TJ ET BT 34.016 223.067 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Manning Clark \(1915-91\) was a prolific historian of Australia whose )] TJ ET BT 367.964 223.067 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(oeuvre)] TJ ET BT 400.616 223.067 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( includes his epic six-volume )] TJ ET BT 34.016 208.811 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(A History of )] TJ ET BT 95.684 208.811 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Australia)] TJ ET BT 140.360 208.811 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(1962-87\), )] TJ ET BT 197.348 208.811 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(A Short History of Australia)] TJ ET BT 332.696 208.811 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(1963 and subsequent editions\) and the two )] TJ ET BT 34.016 194.555 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(volumes of )] TJ ET BT 90.680 194.555 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Select Documents in Australian History)] TJ ET BT 281.336 194.555 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(1950, 1955\). An historian?s scholarly output may )] TJ ET BT 34.016 180.299 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(prompt an austerely intellectual biography, but to warrant a full-dress biography requires being more than an )] TJ ET BT 34.016 166.043 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(historian )] TJ ET BT 79.016 166.043 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(pur et simple)] TJ ET BT 141.680 166.043 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(. One must have a broader public reputation, preferably a fraught private life \(and to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 151.787 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(have it well documented\) and a nose for controversy. By any definition Manning Clark had these attributes, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 137.531 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and more. Appointed in 1949 to the chair of history at Canberra University College \(which was later )] TJ ET BT 34.016 123.275 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(incorporated into the Australian National University\), he championed the cause of Australian historiography )] TJ ET BT 34.016 109.019 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and confirmed his reputation as a wayward spirit. A larger than life individual, he was uplifting to some, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 94.763 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(infuriating to others, and both of these things to many. He wrote for a wider audience than his fellow )] TJ ET BT 34.016 80.507 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(academics. Successive volumes of his )] TJ ET BT 219.320 80.507 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(History of Australia)] TJ ET BT 315.332 80.507 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( sold in their tens of thousands but were generally )] TJ ET BT 34.016 66.251 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(dismissed by the historical profession. His interventions in the political domain drew the wrath of the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 51.995 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(political right and he suffered posthumous denigration unparalleled in the Australian context. Little wonder )] TJ ET BT 34.016 584.699 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Review Number:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 570.443 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(1253)] TJ ET BT 34.016 556.187 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publish date:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 541.931 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Thursday, 17 May, 2012)] TJ ET BT 34.016 527.675 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Author:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 513.419 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Mark McKenna)] TJ ET BT 34.016 499.163 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(ISBN:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 484.907 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(9780522856170)] TJ ET BT 34.016 470.651 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Date of Publication:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 456.395 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(2011)] TJ ET BT 34.016 442.139 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Price:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 427.883 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(57.95)] TJ ET BT 34.016 413.627 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Pages:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 399.371 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(800pp.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 385.115 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publisher:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 370.859 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Meigunyah Press of Melbourne University Publishing)] TJ ET BT 34.016 356.603 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Place of Publication:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 342.347 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Melbourne)] TJ ET BT 34.016 328.091 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Reviewer:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 313.835 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Doug Munro)] TJ ET endstream endobj 8 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F1 /BaseFont /Times-Roman /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 9 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F2 /BaseFont /Times-Italic /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 10 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F3 /BaseFont /Times-Bold /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 11 0 obj << /Type /XObject /Subtype /Image /Width 509 /Height 160 /Filter /FlateDecode /DecodeParms << /Predictor 15 /Colors 3 /Columns 509 /BitsPerComponent 8>> /Mask [ 255 255 255 255 255 255 ] /ColorSpace /DeviceRGB /BitsPerComponent 8 /Length 3280>> stream x[EQ㎦fVttҒ +3O{?lGDQԯDrB^.ϯ%~'0۠/2>0AG_>0j0GCfE67>rB^}@  !&y+r?INp:erc b8f=rQC!~-Wf^^zF[)G 2ޯe7V_Go3Ke GEGOo8rώ#\1ZY~N6^H}yLxS-!:412V+u\-LSO?xVvZ|GjǮT_8EYJF=Tw^ 7GxfN/S:Ʌ~ʟtt?5n÷J'JcF-GVξx{rO~tJd;#a\7}|~y'>}c2C vR}f׈**h.)_&@pfzjsx:5;S\vKhM5j=!Cn+h"u]a EUN]jn=k<,:Ք>sU!ni~6EJ)¦72?G}[y}_vc$t?iSܟ2Zݞ,VN?_`='RFK1A2qv&X_lLRWY'%:I㢖zb_UEx\>&ɆBˏ~K@ \gYØU4}$8Dv!'Q'*+Εj(UCGo[#< 2Ja(sZi9fZKE Rn`u\9r^Zmɯ׹}mstO4uc~#'jEvۼ Dx[z ޏQ4KL5,5u3>i^uÒ-53ba ~,~/pyt1fMU'CVm:qv~=Y'Es"WsφG?l_kN5}],Ow7 uh`xƫ?zMl7ٻv$A(4Dl(wwH} ?=[=S;yC]^BK>㕪9`Z'Wj;E|:bf>kCԘ#RY,iv쵗~}n'"1u" *uO΄/2^Sxr(!/DD\~mJyZ!MmrA!#u[if|99WB WΡpp}w}sh#,\ &:%˳X?D3 %W0cC?o̲^} F3XLVn]Cߖiϧ!7}yZJ#P7]=)7Ρp;>> Ye^xx{Oafw{ ;>4gfLt ʊ:q%#r/)pv!O4wGh|dS ӣݽހ-gVUC'pBxrB^} 7JA^} /'8!`:r?}}],X  }6y!`/~Br?}Q< >k7vx"] ,' .3jn{-i}|~%-};b6#U)7繎kiEw 㤳:E}[޼c"rꬊ7Dc$~"/Y&zSd:tFȌCrʙ`7u .#[-<)j ?TGS(j~oTup(hjU4PlJ=}|it.ҽ@\wʨuXÞZcx18Wo<~ikOg,ވ\^?EneyZcc0[R١z|zv7_m:_n]a?osS3~j^ hD.a_X'KfBX6w wݶ"Oa:,bvhrWH[uCF-Xfc}>x+Rz)2N-B 7y^٨;[/vg? | |2Sve}=o䑰j[vWjF0{굦?VI~}xM(_TlG__+]:#к?S} c>GŸD7 !w{S{B =x7a?oE#)+Gz:o_4Q<;n?\tt7?mGCџQGu4kņOF>F?#} hP&ђߴM#u!.СtL2^#o nIk_i.~7tr@n 1P~3?.[]=S5b߮~Yo^HFH YBi8a4iom>CKgMy*;?zqEӕ` >zB9iFzC?XF?ޟIܰ펉A}{I5ᄊx%ez#Mp@rߎpi]IOVjzuJt\۰f׺u5><,J~PTJp1)}){9N {!`/> endstream endobj 12 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 13 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 197.0117 675.3895 357.3317 687.2695 ] >> endobj 13 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews) >> endobj 14 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 17 0 R 20 0 R 23 0 R 26 0 R 29 0 R 32 0 R ] /Contents 15 0 R >> endobj 15 0 obj << /Length 8882 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(that Clark was a talking point during and after his lifetime, and that so much has been written about him.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 770.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Mark McKenna?s biography of Clark is detailed, and weighing in at over 700 pages of text it would have to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 755.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(be the most substantial biography of an historian yet written. Far more than size, however, )] TJ ET BT 470.624 755.957 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(An Eye for )] TJ ET BT 34.016 741.701 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Eternity)] TJ ET BT 72.680 741.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( is notable for innovative and experimental features. It does not commence with the conventional )] TJ ET BT 34.016 727.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(opening chapter on family background and upbringing. Rather, Manning Clark is introduced through a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 713.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(discussion of his memorable speaking voice ? ?a strange mixture of vulnerability and strength? ? whose )] TJ ET BT 34.016 698.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(?melodious timbre? drew people in. I do not remember it quite that way, recalling instead a softly spoken )] TJ ET BT 34.016 684.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(man and no more, but it transpires that Clark?s voice had a startling effect on many people.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 471.944 684.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(1\))] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 471.944 683.283 m 485.936 683.283 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 485.936 684.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( McKenna?s )] TJ ET BT 34.016 670.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(initial discussion of the speaking voice leads on to other matters ? his cultivated persona, his contrived )] TJ ET BT 34.016 656.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(demeanor, his disciplined writing routines, his early epilepsy, the nervous behaviourisms, his self-)] TJ ET BT 34.016 641.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(consciousness and self-centredness, his desire to leave his mark as a writer. Against Clark?s inner turmoil, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 627.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(which included an extreme sensitivity to criticism, is set his charm, his talent for mimicry and his penchant )] TJ ET BT 34.016 613.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(for ?self-crafting?, for ?creating moments? and for dramatising situations. It is only on the last page of the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 599.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(opening chapter that Clark is mentioned by name, but by then the reader has a very good idea of who he is )] TJ ET BT 34.016 584.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and what he was like ? largely told through the recollections of those who knew him. The tone and the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 570.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(context for the rest of the book are set in this remarkable opening chapter.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 544.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The second chapter is just as imaginative and revealing. It is an extended mediation on the Clark archive and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 530.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(McKenna draws the reader into his interactions with his sources. Among other things, McKenna implicitly )] TJ ET BT 34.016 515.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(takes issue with a previous biographer Brian Matthews, who was mistaken in supposing that Clark?s dairies, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 501.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(extending over 50 years, are ?unvarnished and unguarded?, containing ?not the slightest suggestion of ... )] TJ ET BT 34.016 487.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(refining?.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 80.336 487.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(2\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 80.336 485.955 m 94.328 485.955 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 94.328 487.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( In contrast to the notion that the diaries may be taken ?as the utterance of the man behind the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 473.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(mask?, McKenna points out ?the chasm between the dark despairing and often self-pitying man found in his )] TJ ET BT 34.016 458.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(diaries and the mischievous, affectionate, witty theatrical stirrer that so many recall? \(p. 37\). Above all, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 444.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Clark lived to be remembered, no matter what the cost to others, and to that end he assembled and manicured )] TJ ET BT 34.016 430.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(a huge archive: ?Clark spend almost as much time documenting himself, as he did documenting Australia?s )] TJ ET BT 34.016 416.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(past? \(p. 704\). It recalls Anthony Eden?s obsession with the verdict of history, which was such that he not )] TJ ET BT 34.016 401.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(only wrote two volumes of memoirs, but carefully preserved and organised his private papers, dictated )] TJ ET BT 34.016 387.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(?notes for my biographer? and selected Sir John Wheeler-Bennett, a personal friend, as his biographer-in-)] TJ ET BT 34.016 373.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(waiting.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 73.016 373.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(3\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 73.016 371.907 m 87.008 371.907 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 87.008 373.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( Clark was also given over to such unhealthy impulses. He too tried to direct his future biographer )] TJ ET BT 34.016 359.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(with notes and written instructions, sometimes playfully, to the extent that McKenna often felt that he was )] TJ ET BT 34.016 344.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(?wrestling? with Clark over the control of the project \(pp. 41, 703\).)] TJ ET BT 34.016 318.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The Clark Papers at the National Library of Australia run into almost 200 archival boxes and there is )] TJ ET BT 34.016 304.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(additional material at Manning Clark House \(the former family home\). The fact that the bulk of the archival )] TJ ET BT 34.016 290.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(material is located in Canberra, and the fact that Clark spend most of his life in the same city, at least meant )] TJ ET BT 34.016 275.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(that the actual research was confined largely to the one place ? unlike Jim Davidson?s recent biography of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 261.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(another Australian historian, the wandering scholar W. K. Hancock \()] TJ ET BT 364.604 261.509 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(A Three-Cornered Life)] TJ ET BT 474.596 261.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\), the research )] TJ ET BT 34.016 247.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(for which involved visits to 36 archival repositories spread across four different countries.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 466.268 247.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(4\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 466.268 245.859 m 480.260 245.859 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 220.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(In short, biographers of historians are starting to go beyond the predictable paths of the stereotypical )] TJ ET BT 34.016 206.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(monograph and be more inventive, imaginative and experimental, in the best senses of these terms. The )] TJ ET BT 34.016 192.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(exemplars are Jim Davidson?s )] TJ ET BT 183.320 192.485 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(A Three-Cornered Life)] TJ ET BT 293.312 192.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( and Mark McKenna?s )] TJ ET BT 405.944 192.485 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(An)] TJ ET BT 422.276 192.485 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Eye for Eternity)] TJ ET BT 498.932 192.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 501.932 192.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(5\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 501.932 191.091 m 515.924 191.091 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 166.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(McKenna the biographer proceeds from certain premises. Like Davidson, he makes it clear that biography )] TJ ET BT 34.016 151.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(does not entail putting someone in the dock: ?Biography?s purpose is to lay things out ? and to do so in a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 137.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(way which is always fair and sympathetic to the person as can be possible?.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 397.280 137.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(6\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 397.280 136.323 m 411.272 136.323 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 411.272 137.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( Indeed, both authors strive )] TJ ET BT 34.016 123.461 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(not for advocacy on behalf of their respective subjects but for fairness ? to people, to situations and to the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 109.205 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(evidence. McKenna clearly does not see it as his job to ?rescue? Manning Clark?s reputation. Neither is it a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 94.949 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(hatchet job, although there is a much in the book that is deeply unflattering to Clark. An early example )] TJ ET BT 34.016 80.693 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(concerns Clark, as a postgraduate student at Oxford in the late 1930s, bombarding his wife Dymphna, who )] TJ ET BT 34.016 66.437 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(was engaged in her own studies in Germany, with a succession of over-wrought letters that amount to moral )] TJ ET BT 34.016 52.181 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(blackmail ? fawning, maudlin, groveling letters, placing his needs above all else, demanding that she do his )] TJ ET endstream endobj 16 0 obj [14 0 R /Fit] endobj 17 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 18 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 471.9437 683.5975 485.9357 695.4775 ] >> endobj 18 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 19 0 obj [14 0 R /Fit] endobj 20 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 21 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 80.3357 486.2695 94.3277 498.1495 ] >> endobj 21 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 22 0 obj [14 0 R /Fit] endobj 23 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 24 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 73.0157 372.2215 87.0077 384.1015 ] >> endobj 24 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 25 0 obj [14 0 R /Fit] endobj 26 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 27 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 466.2677 246.1735 480.2597 258.0535 ] >> endobj 27 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 28 0 obj [14 0 R /Fit] endobj 29 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 30 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 501.9317 191.4055 515.9237 203.2855 ] >> endobj 30 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 31 0 obj [14 0 R /Fit] endobj 32 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 33 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 397.2797 136.6375 411.2717 148.5175 ] >> endobj 33 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 34 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Contents 35 0 R >> endobj 35 0 obj << /Length 7700 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(bidding as though creation revolved around his concerns. As McKenna says, ?He could not bear to be )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(without her and yet he seemed deaf to her needs; she kept asking for breathing space, for time to complete )] TJ ET BT 34.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(her studies; he kept pleading for marriage, threatening total collapse if she failed to oblige or even suggest a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(small delay? \(p. 151\). And he got his way, pushing her into marriage earlier than she wanted, prevailing on )] TJ ET BT 34.016 739.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(her to abandon her studies and come to England, and finally in returning to Australia to escape the European )] TJ ET BT 34.016 725.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(war. Everything was about him and for him.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 698.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Biography is not a popularity poll and I did wonder that I might have been over-reacting to Clark?s self-)] TJ ET BT 34.016 684.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(possession until a friend ? himself the biographer of an historian ? volunteered the information that ?the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 670.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(further I get into [)] TJ ET BT 119.996 670.421 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(An Eye for Eternity)] TJ ET BT 212.984 670.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(] the more I dislike the man, dreadful, dreadful?. As one gets ever )] TJ ET BT 34.016 656.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(deeper into the book is becomes clear that the obsessive self-centredness is all of a piece with the rest of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 641.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Clark?s life. A problem that would haunt their long marriage was that Dymphna, with her feet more firmly )] TJ ET BT 34.016 627.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(on the ground, was unable to match Clark?s emotional intensity.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 601.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The same elements of show pony and drama queen reveal themselves in his desire to write Australian history )] TJ ET BT 34.016 587.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of a different kind, and his in reactions to criticism of his work. In 1938, Clark announced to Dymphna that )] TJ ET BT 34.016 572.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(he felt certain that he could ?write something some day on Australian history? and that he would approach )] TJ ET BT 34.016 558.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the task with insight and originality. He went on to say ?I believe quite passionately that Australia is a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 544.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(?weird? country and that its weirdness has never been portrayed before except in landscape painting. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 530.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Australia is virgin soil in this respect & I feel something can be done about it? \(pp. 145?6\). Full marks for )] TJ ET BT 34.016 515.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the audacious ambition to supersede what had gone before and a vision how go about it ? and at the tender )] TJ ET BT 34.016 501.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(age of 23. But his reasoning at another level might set alarm bells ringing. As Clark confided to his )] TJ ET BT 34.016 487.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(notebooks, in 1943, ?The confession must be made ... my motive is to impress, vulgarly, to play to the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 473.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(gallery. It will satisfy my ego to produce a work which will bring publicity to me? \(p. 221\). He liked to think )] TJ ET BT 34.016 458.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(that he ?discovered? and ?uncovered? Australian history and that the ?historical map of Australia was almost )] TJ ET BT 34.016 444.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(a blank? before he came along, but McKenna is having none of that \(p. 250\).)] TJ ET BT 34.016 418.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(So how did he go about the twin tasks of enlarging his ego and dilating on the ?melancholy weirdness? of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 404.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Australia? Far from being in the thrall of Rankean empiricism, his ambition was to write a sort of history )] TJ ET BT 34.016 389.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(that would find ?higher truths? and ?inner meaning? and explore the mystery in the heart of things. His role )] TJ ET BT 34.016 375.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(models were not his mentors and predecessors, whom he regarded as having ?betrayed? Australian history )] TJ ET BT 34.016 361.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(p. 145\), but Gibbon and Carlyle, and he sought to write epic narratives of their sort and by that means ?to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 347.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(write Australia?s story?. Clark was also inspired by two fellow Australians, the artist Sydney Nolan and the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 332.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(novelist Patrick White. But what really kindled his imagination were the writings of D. H. Lawrence and, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 318.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(even more so, Fydor Dostoyevsky, who were the ?abiding constants? of Clark?s life \(p. 281\).)] TJ ET BT 34.016 292.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(He saw himself as ?a creative writer?, an artist rather than a scholar. He aspired to write ?literature?, and to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 278.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(write history that displayed ?delicacy of feeling, grace of bearing, and shades of emotion and sentiment? \(p. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 263.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(441\). He saw his audience as the wider reading public rather than other academics, although he craved the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 249.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(latter?s approval. Tellingly, his 1954 inaugural lecture, which provocatively denounced his forebearers, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 235.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(appeared in an anthology of Australian writing rather than being conventionally published as a pamphlet or a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 220.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(journal article. Although often seen as a ?nationalist? historian, Clark stressed the cultural and intellectual )] TJ ET BT 34.016 206.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(inheritance of England, and the theme of his first four volumes of the )] TJ ET BT 369.296 206.741 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(History)] TJ ET BT 405.296 206.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( pivoted on the interactions of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 192.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Catholicism, Protestantism and the Enlightenment in the harsh Australian environment.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 166.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The vision was sufficiently compelling for the )] TJ ET BT 258.992 166.229 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(History)] TJ ET BT 294.992 166.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( and his )] TJ ET BT 335.324 166.229 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Short History)] TJ ET BT 400.328 166.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( to clock up half a million sales )] TJ ET BT 34.016 151.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(by 1988 \(pp. 463, 615\). Clark wanted to sit back and lap up the adulation, but the Australian historical )] TJ ET BT 34.016 137.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(profession as a whole was unenamoured. As well as multitudinous factual errors and an over-wrought )] TJ ET BT 34.016 123.461 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(writing style, there were dissatisfactions at lack of context and scant attention to important themes. In the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 109.205 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(same way, Clark claimed to be present on important occasions when actually he was somewhere else. It )] TJ ET BT 34.016 94.949 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(didn?t happen once but several times, and this from someone who kept diaries and who could easily have )] TJ ET BT 34.016 80.693 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(checked. It was more than carelessness, and far more a matter of couldn?t care less. Many felt that his )] TJ ET BT 34.016 66.437 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(interpretations far outran the evidence and that he added another dimension to poetic licence. Where did )] TJ ET BT 34.016 52.181 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(insight begin and fantasy end? He mixed quotations with his text and his footnotes; they and the resulting )] TJ ET endstream endobj 36 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 39 0 R ] /Contents 37 0 R >> endobj 37 0 obj << /Length 8630 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(?polyvocal? voice are often impossible to decode \(p. 461?2\). As well, Clark projected his personal self into )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(his narrative ? in other words, another expression of Clark?s self-absorption ? so it is little wonder that )] TJ ET BT 34.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Michael Cathcart had difficulty when condensing Clark?s )] TJ ET BT 314.300 767.957 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(History)] TJ ET BT 350.300 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( to a single volume, until he ?realised it )] TJ ET BT 34.016 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(was about him? \(p.459\). Many colleagues were forgiving, up to a point, making allowances for the scale and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 739.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(vision of the work whilst still deploring the mistakes and distortions \(pp. 466, 599\). Nor did it help that )] TJ ET BT 34.016 725.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Clark mocked fellow historians for being uninspired ?Dry-as-Dusts? and disparaged the academy while at )] TJ ET BT 34.016 710.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the same time drawing his salary )] TJ ET BT 194.660 710.933 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(and)] TJ ET BT 212.660 710.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( authority from his senior university position.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 684.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Although sloppy and provocative, Clark reacted badly to criticism, privately whimpering and publicly )] TJ ET BT 34.016 670.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(lashing out. As Clark warned, ?Whoso attacks my [work] is undermining my deepest self? \(p. 444\). On one )] TJ ET BT 34.016 656.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(occasion, when errors were pointed out verbally and in private, he put his arm around his interlocutor and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 641.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(said: ?My dear boy ? does that matter? What?s important is to have something to say? \(p. 544\). But he was )] TJ ET BT 34.016 627.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(seldom so benign and McKenna provides a harrowing account of how Clark intimidated most of his critics )] TJ ET BT 34.016 613.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(into public abstinence \(pp. 444?52\). I don?t think Clark was quite so successful in spiking the cannons, at )] TJ ET BT 34.016 599.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(least from Australianists )] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 154.340 599.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(7\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 154.340 597.747 m 168.332 597.747 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 168.332 599.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, but McKenna is surely right in regretting that the lack of proper evaluation by )] TJ ET BT 34.016 584.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(colleagues of later volumes of the )] TJ ET BT 199.316 584.885 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(History)] TJ ET BT 235.316 584.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(. By that time ? the 1980s ? Clark was a public figure on behalf of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 570.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the political left and in the forefront of the Australian ?history wars?. The task of assessing his historical )] TJ ET BT 34.016 556.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(work went by default to non-historian conservatives, ?some of whom were little more than right-wing )] TJ ET BT 34.016 542.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(ideologues?. What small chance might have remained for nuanced public debate on Clark?s work and on his )] TJ ET BT 34.016 527.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(vision for Australia was lost beyond repair, ?and [the country?s] intellectual culture was the poorer for it? \(p. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 513.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(600\).)] TJ ET BT 34.016 487.349 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(An Eye for Eternity)] TJ ET BT 127.004 487.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( is also a portrait of a marriage, and Dymphna emerges as definitely the better half \(as she )] TJ ET BT 34.016 473.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(does in the earlier biography by Mathews\). Capable and resourceful, she held the household together. She )] TJ ET BT 34.016 458.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(was homemaker and mother of six children. From the early stages of marriage she is she is described by )] TJ ET BT 34.016 444.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(McKenna as his ?muse, lover and wife, [and] also his intellectual sounding board, his laundry woman, his )] TJ ET BT 34.016 430.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(editor and his typist? \(p. 225\). What would he have done without her? The short answer is: a good deal less )] TJ ET BT 34.016 416.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(than he did. And he showed scant gratitude. She had to put up with his infidelities, both low grade and full )] TJ ET BT 34.016 401.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(blown. She left him on more than one occasion and had a packed suitcase at the ready. Matthews has it that )] TJ ET BT 34.016 387.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Dymphna always returned because her chosen path was ?to keep the family as secure and united as )] TJ ET BT 34.016 373.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(possible?. McKenna offers another dimension ? her commitment to Clark?s great project, his )] TJ ET BT 483.608 373.301 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(History of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 359.045 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Australia)] TJ ET BT 78.692 359.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( ? and he doubts whether Clark could have done it without her assistance and restraining hand. In )] TJ ET BT 34.016 344.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(many ways they were a mismatch, both emotionally \(see pp. 345, 372\) and intellectually. A fundamental )] TJ ET BT 34.016 330.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(difficulty on the intellectual front was that Dymphna had a different understanding of history; ?She valued )] TJ ET BT 34.016 316.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(traditional scholarly principles ? above and beyond artistic expression? \(p. 465\) and although she constantly )] TJ ET BT 34.016 302.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(saved him from himself he greatly resented her interventions and poured his ?petulant? feelings into his )] TJ ET BT 34.016 287.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(diary. This was just one of the back stories of Clark?s )] TJ ET BT 294.644 287.765 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(History)] TJ ET BT 330.644 287.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 261.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(After Clark?s death, Dymphna read his diaries and was aggrieved as well as grieved by the sustained )] TJ ET BT 34.016 247.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(outpourings of abusiveness and negativity towards her over half a century: the diaries were ?a midden of his )] TJ ET BT 34.016 232.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(dissatisfactions with his wife? \(p. 159\). Although a private person and publicly undemonstrative, she )] TJ ET BT 34.016 218.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(ensured that her correspondence with Manning, stretching over 53 years, would be preserved. Whereas )] TJ ET BT 34.016 204.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Manning wanted )] TJ ET BT 118.004 204.485 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(his)] TJ ET BT 132.008 204.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( story told, Dymphna ensured that her side of proceedings would not be shouted down )] TJ ET BT 34.016 190.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(by default. Her voice would be heard through her own letters ? a duet, if a discordant one, rather than )] TJ ET BT 34.016 175.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Manning in full solo flight. This meant for McKenna an extraordinary access to the private life of the couple, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 161.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and into the private lives of each, to that extent )] TJ ET BT 262.316 161.717 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(An Eye for Eternity)] TJ ET BT 355.304 161.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( is almost as much a biography of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 147.461 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Dymphna as it is of Manning.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 121.205 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Just as the )] TJ ET BT 86.348 121.205 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(History)] TJ ET BT 122.348 121.205 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( ?became something of a serialised public drama? in the daily press \(p. 82\), so did it cause )] TJ ET BT 34.016 106.949 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(ongoing dramas with its publisher. This is the other back story of Clark?s )] TJ ET BT 389.324 106.949 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(History)] TJ ET BT 425.324 106.949 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(. The repeated problems )] TJ ET BT 34.016 92.693 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(with his manuscripts drove the people at the Melbourne University Press to distraction, not least the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 78.437 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Director, Peter Ryan. He got his revenge two years after Clark?s death with a vicious and out-of-the-blue )] TJ ET BT 34.016 64.181 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(attack on both Clark?s character and historical output, in the conservative journal )] TJ ET BT 426.944 64.181 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Quadrant)] TJ ET BT 473.612 64.181 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(. There was )] TJ ET BT 34.016 49.925 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(much truth in Ryan?s allegations, which eventually spread over three )] TJ ET BT 368.960 49.925 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Quadrant)] TJ ET BT 415.628 49.925 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( articles, but his tone and his )] TJ ET endstream endobj 38 0 obj [36 0 R /Fit] endobj 39 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 40 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 154.3397 598.0615 168.3317 609.9415 ] >> endobj 40 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 41 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 44 0 R 47 0 R 50 0 R 53 0 R ] /Contents 42 0 R >> endobj 42 0 obj << /Length 8676 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(very motivations were just cause for offence. In particular, if Ryan had felt that way for so long, then why )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(had he not confronted Clark during his lifetime rather than ambushing him in a series of posthumous )] TJ ET BT 34.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(attacks? And why, during Clark?s lifetime, did Ryan sneakily attempt to arrange hostile critiques of his )] TJ ET BT 34.016 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Clark?s work \(p. 597\)? And this from someone who described Clark as a ?hypocrite?. Ryan claimed that )] TJ ET BT 34.016 739.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Clark?s )] TJ ET BT 73.676 739.445 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(History)] TJ ET BT 109.676 739.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( was ?a tidy little earner? and that his Board of Management would hardly have )] TJ ET BT 34.016 725.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(countenanced the ditching of its best selling author. A more plausible explanation is that ?Ryan lost respect )] TJ ET BT 34.016 710.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(for Clark at the same time he saw him become a hero of the Labor Left? \(p. 690\). His resentments continued )] TJ ET BT 34.016 696.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(to fester and finally overflowed. As early as 1994 Ryan hoped ?never to write another word about Manning )] TJ ET BT 34.016 682.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Clark?, but like a deranged Boswell has clung on grimly, seldom passing up an opportunity to continue )] TJ ET BT 34.016 668.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(sniping from the wings.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 641.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Clark as a head of department was a careless administrator, and neither was he an engaged postgraduate )] TJ ET BT 34.016 627.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(supervisor. But he did have the uncanny knack as being his own talent scout and appointing good teachers. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 613.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(He was also, until late in his university career, an inspiring teacher. This facet needs to be stressed in the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 599.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(light of Alistair Davidson, a former Clark student, who claimed in a letter to the )] TJ ET BT 420.308 599.141 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(London Review of Books)] TJ ET BT 34.016 584.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(that its reviewer of )] TJ ET BT 127.328 584.885 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(An Eye for Eternity)] TJ ET BT 220.316 584.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( had ?failed to pick up on a huge lacuna?, namely that McKenna had )] TJ ET BT 34.016 570.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(failed to ?discuss Clark?s extraordinary talents as a teacher?.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 325.604 570.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(8\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 325.604 569.235 m 339.596 569.235 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 339.596 570.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( It is a good rule of thumb not to comment on )] TJ ET BT 34.016 556.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(a book that one has not read. Simply because the reviewer does not mention Clark?s teaching should not be )] TJ ET BT 34.016 542.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(taken to mean that the book doesn?t either. In fact, )] TJ ET BT 279.968 542.117 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(An Eye for Eternity)] TJ ET BT 372.956 542.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( is unusual for a biography of an )] TJ ET BT 34.016 527.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(historian in that considerable space is devoted to Clark the teacher, and in terms that endorse Davidson?s )] TJ ET BT 34.016 513.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(positive description ? a 20-page chapter that deals largely with his teaching in Canberra, and elsewhere )] TJ ET BT 34.016 499.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(concerning Clark? earlier teaching in Devonshire, Geelong and Melbourne.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 473.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(I have yet to find a better thumbnail summation than the description of Clark as a ?pitiable, floundering )] TJ ET BT 34.016 458.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(human being?, adding that ?he was also formidable, outrageous, eccentric, inspiring and at times a man of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 444.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(mesmerising appeal?.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 137.996 444.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(9\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 137.996 443.187 m 151.988 443.187 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 151.988 444.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( Although only too aware of Clark?s shortcomings, McKenna told an interviewer )] TJ ET BT 34.016 430.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(that he still retained an ?extraordinary affection? for the man, despite all the exasperations in writing his life.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 34.016 416.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(10\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.016 414.675 m 54.008 414.675 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 54.008 416.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( In that same interview McKenna had praise for the artistic side of Clark?s historical output ? his )] TJ ET BT 34.016 401.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(sensitivity to place, his attunement to sound as well as to the environment, the wonderful set pieces, his )] TJ ET BT 34.016 387.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(engagement with the emotional lives and inner conflicts of his subjects, even if Clark was often projecting )] TJ ET BT 34.016 373.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(his own emotions into other people?s lives. Clark was also before his time in being aware, in the mid-1950s, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 359.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(that the changing geopolitical environment required a greater Australian engagement with Asia \(pp. 350?8\). )] TJ ET BT 34.016 344.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(It is clearly Clark the public figure from the early 1970s, debating Australia?s direction and future, that )] TJ ET BT 34.016 330.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(evokes McKenna?s real admiration.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 304.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(At this point that I am reminded of Robert Skidelsky?s comments on Ben Pimlott?s biography of Hugh )] TJ ET BT 34.016 290.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Dalton \(who also kept revealing diaries\), that ?The tension in the book arises quite simply from the fact that )] TJ ET BT 34.016 275.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Dalton was a ?shit? who was also, in many ways, an admirable public man?.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 401.288 275.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(11\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 401.288 274.371 m 421.280 274.371 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 421.280 275.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( McKenna readily concedes )] TJ ET BT 34.016 261.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(that Clark?s friends were disturbed that one motivation for his public interventions was to play to the galley, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 247.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(not to mention the dire effects his role as public prophet had on the final two volumes of the )] TJ ET BT 478.964 247.253 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(History)] TJ ET BT 514.964 247.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, which )] TJ ET BT 34.016 232.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(became ever more polemical. It is also the case that many on the political right loathed Clark, whose )] TJ ET BT 34.016 218.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(eccentricities of manner and utterance \(for example, referring to the long preceding period of conservative )] TJ ET BT 34.016 204.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(government as ?the years of unleavened bread?\) were bound to antagonise his opponents. Paradoxically, he )] TJ ET BT 34.016 190.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(craved the establishment?s approval just as he had yearned for the endorsement of the academy. At a time of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 175.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(great national debate he aligned himself to the Labor Party, flew his colours at full mast and espoused the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 161.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(cause of republican nationalism. My only qualm about )] TJ ET BT 298.988 161.717 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(An Eye for Eternity)] TJ ET BT 391.976 161.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( is that it is clear enough what )] TJ ET BT 34.016 147.461 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Clark?s vision for Australia was but not the results of his proselytising \(see pp. 614?15\). Granted that is )] TJ ET BT 34.016 133.205 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(probably impossible to disentangle Clark?s contribution to the national debate on nationhood and identity )] TJ ET BT 34.016 118.949 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(from those of the other participants. Yet, for all the time and effort he put into his public role, and for all the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 104.693 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(sales of his books, the extent to which Clark might it have changed Australians? perceptions of themselves )] TJ ET BT 34.016 90.437 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(remains unclear.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 64.181 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(In all, )] TJ ET BT 65.012 64.181 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(An Eye for Eternity)] TJ ET BT 158.000 64.181 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( is an outstanding achievement and ranks amongst the very best of the growing )] TJ ET BT 34.016 49.925 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(corpus of biographies of historians. The various elements and requirements are orchestrated into perfect )] TJ ET endstream endobj 43 0 obj [41 0 R /Fit] endobj 44 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 45 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 325.6037 569.5495 339.5957 581.4295 ] >> endobj 45 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 46 0 obj [41 0 R /Fit] endobj 47 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 48 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 137.9957 443.5015 151.9877 455.3815 ] >> endobj 48 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 49 0 obj [41 0 R /Fit] endobj 50 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 51 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 34.0157 414.9895 54.0077 426.8695 ] >> endobj 51 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 52 0 obj [41 0 R /Fit] endobj 53 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 54 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 401.2877 274.6855 421.2797 286.5655 ] >> endobj 54 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 55 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 57 0 R 59 0 R 61 0 R 63 0 R 65 0 R 67 0 R 69 0 R 71 0 R 73 0 R ] /Contents 56 0 R >> endobj 56 0 obj << /Length 8309 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(harmony ? or in literary terms, a coherent and compelling whole ? and compellingly written. It is un-)] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Clarkian in its fidelity to accuracy and impels admiration for the sheer extent of the research, both archival )] TJ ET BT 34.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and interviewing. Not least, classical music was one of Clark?s great loves and McKenna brings to bear and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(informed musical appreciation. There is the Olympian scale of the enterprise. There is ample )] TJ ET BT 34.016 739.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(contextualisation but without the backdrop overwhelming the text. Only occasionally is the detail excessive )] TJ ET BT 34.016 725.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(? such as mentioning the purchase of a packet of Minties at the New South Wales township of Gundaghai \(p. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 710.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(302\) ? but the narrative moves quickly despite the size of the book and the level of detail. The controlled )] TJ ET BT 34.016 696.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(inventiveness of the earlier chapters is suggestive for biographers generally.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 670.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Clark tended to present a tragic view of the world but this biography contains an element of exquisite irony. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 656.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Clark wanted his biography told above all else, no matter what the collateral damage. He left notes for his )] TJ ET BT 34.016 641.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(biographer designed to lead to his own depiction of events and his own perceptions of the supporting cast. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 627.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(But would he have been gratified by )] TJ ET BT 211.652 627.653 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(An Eye for Eternity)] TJ ET BT 304.640 627.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(? Given Clark?s desire to control the narrative of his )] TJ ET BT 34.016 613.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(life and his intolerance of criticism it is probable that he would have hated reading this biography, and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 599.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(McKenna says as much in noting that ?when it comes to writing Clark?s life, I?d rather him dead than alive? )] TJ ET BT 34.016 584.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(p. 23\). All this is to say that McKenna won the metaphorical wrestling match. The book that Clark might )] TJ ET BT 34.016 570.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(have hoped for would not be worth reading.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 544.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [()] TJ ET BT 34.016 509.475 Td /F3 18.0 Tf [(Notes)] TJ ET BT 48.816 478.858 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(1.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 478.853 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(A sampling of Clark?s voice is available in ?An Eye for Eternity, Mark McKenna ? biography of )] TJ ET BT 64.016 464.597 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Manning Clark? \(presented by Bill Brown\), ABC South East NSW radio programme, 23 September )] TJ ET BT 64.016 450.341 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(2011 <)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 97.784 450.341 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.abc.net.au/local/stories/2011/08/08/3288537.htm)] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 97.784 448.947 m 390.452 448.947 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 393.452 450.341 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([2])] TJ ET BT 407.444 450.341 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(> [accessed 19 March 2012]. )] TJ ET BT 64.016 436.085 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(By way of disclosure, I hardly knew Manning Clark, whom I met on no more than six occasions )] TJ ET BT 64.016 421.829 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(between 1969 and 1991. Although I was technically a student in his Department of History at the )] TJ ET BT 64.016 407.573 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Australian National University in 1972?3, I was housed across the campus in the Department of )] TJ ET BT 64.016 393.317 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Pacific History, and the extent of our interaction during those two years was a single casual )] TJ ET BT 64.016 379.061 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(conversation. On the other side of the equation, I arranged to have material sent to Mark McKenna )] TJ ET BT 64.016 364.805 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(from Wellington \(see p. 753, n. 30\), and we have subsequently corresponded and commented on each )] TJ ET BT 64.016 350.549 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(other?s work. We have yet to meet, although this is imminent, and I did not tell him that I was writing )] TJ ET BT 64.016 336.293 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(this review.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 120.008 336.293 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(1\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 120.008 334.899 m 173.996 334.899 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 48.816 322.042 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(2.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 322.037 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Brian Matthews, )] TJ ET BT 147.008 322.037 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Manning Clark: A Life)] TJ ET BT 256.676 322.037 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(Sydney, 2008\), p. 456. The reasons for keeping diaries, such )] TJ ET BT 64.016 307.781 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(as J. C. Beckett?s being ?primarily a spiritual account book?, are crucial to interpreting them. Alvin )] TJ ET BT 64.016 293.525 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Jackson, ?J.C. Beckett: politics, faith, scholarship?, )] TJ ET BT 313.328 293.525 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Irish Historical Studies)] TJ ET BT 425.336 293.525 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, 38, 130 \(2002\), 129?50.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 64.016 279.269 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(2\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 64.016 277.875 m 118.004 277.875 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 48.816 265.018 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(3.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 265.013 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(David Dutton, )] TJ ET BT 135.680 265.013 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Anthony Eden: A Life and Reputation)] TJ ET BT 316.004 265.013 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(London, 1999\), pp. 15?16.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 450.656 265.013 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(3\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 450.656 263.619 m 504.644 263.619 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 48.816 250.762 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(4.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 250.757 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Jim Davidson, )] TJ ET BT 136.352 250.757 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(A Three-Cornered Life: The Historian WK Hancock)] TJ ET BT 386.996 250.757 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(Sydney, 2010\), 578?83.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 508.316 250.757 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to )] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 508.316 249.363 m 548.312 249.363 l S BT 64.016 236.501 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(4\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 64.016 235.107 m 78.008 235.107 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 48.816 222.250 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(5.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 222.245 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Jim Davidson, ?Bouncing on the trampoline of fact: biography and the historical imagination?, )] TJ ET BT 64.016 207.989 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Australian Book Review)] TJ ET BT 180.008 207.989 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(July-August 2010\), 42?5; Doug Munro, ?Biographies of historians ? or, the )] TJ ET BT 64.016 193.733 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(cliographer?s task?, )] TJ ET BT 162.320 193.733 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Australian Historical Studies)] TJ ET BT 302.336 193.733 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(special issue on ?Biography and Life-Writing?\), )] TJ ET BT 64.016 179.477 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(41, 1 \(2012\), 11?27.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 161.336 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/F1 12.0 Tf [(7.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 60.197 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(For example, see the review of volume three of the )] TJ ET BT 311.624 60.197 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(History)] TJ ET BT 347.624 60.197 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( by Michael Roe, in )] TJ ET BT 445.616 60.197 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Historical Studies)] TJ ET endstream endobj 57 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 58 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 97.7837 449.2615 390.4517 461.1415 ] >> endobj 58 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.abc.net.au/local/stories/2011/08/08/3288537.htm) >> endobj 59 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 60 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 120.0077 335.2135 173.9957 347.0935 ] >> endobj 60 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /GoTo /D 16 0 R >> endobj 61 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 62 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 64.0157 278.1895 118.0037 290.0695 ] >> endobj 62 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /GoTo /D 19 0 R >> endobj 63 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 64 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 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