%PDF-1.3 1 0 obj << /Type /Catalog /Outlines 2 0 R /Pages 3 0 R >> endobj 2 0 obj << /Type /Outlines /Count 0 >> endobj 3 0 obj << /Type /Pages /Kids [6 0 R 14 0 R 22 0 R 24 0 R ] /Count 4 /Resources << /ProcSet 4 0 R /Font << /F1 8 0 R /F2 9 0 R /F3 10 0 R >> /XObject << /I1 11 0 R >> >> /MediaBox [0.000 0.000 595.280 841.890] >> endobj 4 0 obj [/PDF /Text /ImageC ] endobj 5 0 obj << /Creator (DOMPDF) /CreationDate (D:20140417184000+01'00') /ModDate (D:20140417184000+01'00') /Title (Being Boys: Youth, Leisure and Identity in the Inter-War Years) >> endobj 6 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 12 0 R ] /Contents 7 0 R >> endobj 7 0 obj << /Length 4496 >> stream q 381.750 0 0 120.000 34.016 687.874 cm /I1 Do Q 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Published on )] TJ ET BT 99.356 676.469 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Reviews in History)] TJ ET BT 190.016 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \()] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 197.012 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 197.012 675.075 m 357.332 675.075 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 357.332 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\))] TJ ET 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.391 653.743 526.499 1.500 re S BT 34.016 615.321 Td /F3 18.0 Tf [(Being Boys: Youth, Leisure and Identity in the Inter-War Years)] TJ ET BT 34.016 273.323 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The history of Britain during the two inter-war decades could be characterised by reference to a process by )] TJ ET BT 34.016 259.067 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(which, while the nation still clung to many of its pre-1914 imperial certainties \(which in many ways still )] TJ ET BT 34.016 244.811 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(defined British identity\), society was exposed to, and ?Britishness? to a degree undermined by, the forces of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 230.555 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Americanisation. These were felt most significantly through the twin institutions of the dance-hall and the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 216.299 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(picture palace. Americanisation found no more willing participants than substantial sections of the young, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 202.043 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(many of whom wanted to reject the values of the Great War generation, who by 1935 many youngsters felt )] TJ ET BT 34.016 187.787 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(they had little in common with. It is in this context that )] TJ ET BT 301.028 187.787 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Being Boys)] TJ ET BT 355.352 187.787 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( can usefully be located, as it explores the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 173.531 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(personal and public lives of young men as they made the journey through to manhood, and interacted with )] TJ ET BT 34.016 159.275 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(both imperial and non-imperial organisations, institutions and cultures in the 1920s and 1930s. Using her )] TJ ET BT 34.016 145.019 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(father Les?s diaries \(written in the 1930s when he was himself a Northampton teenager\), as a starting point )] TJ ET BT 34.016 130.763 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(and a source to which the author returns at regular intervals\), )] TJ ET BT 333.272 130.763 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Being Boys)] TJ ET BT 387.596 130.763 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( offers a fresh perspective on youth )] TJ ET BT 34.016 116.507 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(by putting particular emphasis on ?emotional experiences and often tentative self-making? of this age group )] TJ ET BT 34.016 102.251 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(p. 1\). The book is certainly influenced by current trends within the academy to place the body and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 87.995 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(masculinity at the centre of historical inquiry, which move the book in a rather different direction to earlier )] TJ ET BT 34.016 73.739 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(treatments of youth in this period, such as those provided by Andrew Davies and Stephen Humphries among )] TJ ET BT 34.016 59.483 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(others. Tebbutt notes that these authors were perhaps rather more interested in themes such as ?youth in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 584.699 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Review Number:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 570.443 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(1257)] TJ ET BT 34.016 556.187 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publish date:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 541.931 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Thursday, 24 May, 2012)] TJ ET BT 34.016 527.675 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Author:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 513.419 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Melanie Tebbutt)] TJ ET BT 34.016 499.163 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(ISBN:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 484.907 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(9780719066139)] TJ ET BT 34.016 470.651 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Date of Publication:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 456.395 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(2012)] TJ ET BT 34.016 442.139 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Price:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 427.883 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(75.00)] TJ ET BT 34.016 413.627 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Pages:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 399.371 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(352pp.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 385.115 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publisher:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 370.859 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Manchester University Press)] TJ ET BT 34.016 356.603 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publisher url:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 342.347 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Place of Publication:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 328.091 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Manchester)] TJ ET BT 34.016 313.835 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Reviewer:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 299.579 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(John Griffiths)] TJ ET endstream endobj 8 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F1 /BaseFont /Times-Roman /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 9 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F2 /BaseFont /Times-Italic /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 10 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F3 /BaseFont /Times-Bold /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 11 0 obj << /Type /XObject /Subtype /Image /Width 509 /Height 160 /Filter /FlateDecode /DecodeParms << /Predictor 15 /Colors 3 /Columns 509 /BitsPerComponent 8>> /Mask [ 255 255 255 255 255 255 ] /ColorSpace /DeviceRGB /BitsPerComponent 8 /Length 3280>> stream x[EQ㎦fVttҒ +3O{?lGDQԯDrB^.ϯ%~'0۠/2>0AG_>0j0GCfE67>rB^}@  !&y+r?INp:erc b8f=rQC!~-Wf^^zF[)G 2ޯe7V_Go3Ke GEGOo8rώ#\1ZY~N6^H}yLxS-!:412V+u\-LSO?xVvZ|GjǮT_8EYJF=Tw^ 7GxfN/S:Ʌ~ʟtt?5n÷J'JcF-GVξx{rO~tJd;#a\7}|~y'>}c2C vR}f׈**h.)_&@pfzjsx:5;S\vKhM5j=!Cn+h"u]a EUN]jn=k<,:Ք>sU!ni~6EJ)¦72?G}[y}_vc$t?iSܟ2Zݞ,VN?_`='RFK1A2qv&X_lLRWY'%:I㢖zb_UEx\>&ɆBˏ~K@ \gYØU4}$8Dv!'Q'*+Εj(UCGo[#< 2Ja(sZi9fZKE Rn`u\9r^Zmɯ׹}mstO4uc~#'jEvۼ Dx[z ޏQ4KL5,5u3>i^uÒ-53ba ~,~/pyt1fMU'CVm:qv~=Y'Es"WsφG?l_kN5}],Ow7 uh`xƫ?zMl7ٻv$A(4Dl(wwH} ?=[=S;yC]^BK>㕪9`Z'Wj;E|:bf>kCԘ#RY,iv쵗~}n'"1u" *uO΄/2^Sxr(!/DD\~mJyZ!MmrA!#u[if|99WB WΡpp}w}sh#,\ &:%˳X?D3 %W0cC?o̲^} F3XLVn]Cߖiϧ!7}yZJ#P7]=)7Ρp;>> Ye^xx{Oafw{ ;>4gfLt ʊ:q%#r/)pv!O4wGh|dS ӣݽހ-gVUC'pBxrB^} 7JA^} /'8!`:r?}}],X  }6y!`/~Br?}Q< >k7vx"] ,' .3jn{-i}|~%-};b6#U)7繎kiEw 㤳:E}[޼c"rꬊ7Dc$~"/Y&zSd:tFȌCrʙ`7u .#[-<)j ?TGS(j~oTup(hjU4PlJ=}|it.ҽ@\wʨuXÞZcx18Wo<~ikOg,ވ\^?EneyZcc0[R١z|zv7_m:_n]a?osS3~j^ hD.a_X'KfBX6w wݶ"Oa:,bvhrWH[uCF-Xfc}>x+Rz)2N-B 7y^٨;[/vg? | |2Sve}=o䑰j[vWjF0{굦?VI~}xM(_TlG__+]:#к?S} c>GŸD7 !w{S{B =x7a?oE#)+Gz:o_4Q<;n?\tt7?mGCџQGu4kņOF>F?#} hP&ђߴM#u!.СtL2^#o nIk_i.~7tr@n 1P~3?.[]=S5b߮~Yo^HFH YBi8a4iom>CKgMy*;?zqEӕ` >zB9iFzC?XF?ޟIܰ펉A}{I5ᄊx%ez#Mp@rߎpi]IOVjzuJt\۰f׺u5><,J~PTJp1)}){9N {!`/> endstream endobj 12 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 13 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 197.0117 675.3895 357.3317 687.2695 ] >> endobj 13 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews) >> endobj 14 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 17 0 R 20 0 R ] /Contents 15 0 R >> endobj 15 0 obj << /Length 7940 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(trouble?. David Fowler by contrast had put more emphasis on the ability of youth by the mid 1930s to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(consume, anticipating this age group?s post-1945 characteristics in )] TJ ET BT 358.304 782.213 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The First Teenagers)] TJ ET BT 455.636 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 458.636 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(1\))] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 458.636 780.819 m 472.628 780.819 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 755.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Tebbutt begins her study by looking at the leaders of youth clubs after the Great War, who, the author notes, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 741.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(were fairly tolerant of ?liberated? youth and were themselves motivated by the wish to recreate the spirit of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 727.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(comradeship which was a feature of the years 1914?18. Several of the leaders had had spells of involvement )] TJ ET BT 34.016 713.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(with the university settlements before the war. The problem, as it faced the leaders, was to maintain a sense )] TJ ET BT 34.016 698.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of masculine citizenship amongst boys in an era when the aggressive imperialist-citizen of the pre-war )] TJ ET BT 34.016 684.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(period was being intellectually eroded. The discussion of club leaders leads into a second chapter in which )] TJ ET BT 34.016 670.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Les?s diary is used extensively to explore the pre-1914 youth movements that reached their zenith in the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 656.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(1920s and 1930s, most notably the Scouts and Boys Brigade, the latter of which Les was a member. There is )] TJ ET BT 34.016 641.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(a lovely vignette taken from his diary, which will strike a chord with many who subsequently took part in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 627.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(these youth movements, which describes a formative moment in his changing attitude to the Boys Brigade. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 613.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Les at that point was clearly out-growing the Brigade and its codes of conduct and effectively began to lark )] TJ ET BT 34.016 599.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(about and deliberately infringe the stringent codes of the Brigade, turning up late and sloping off without any )] TJ ET BT 34.016 584.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(elder apparently knowing his whereabouts \(p.75\).)] TJ ET BT 34.016 558.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(In contrast to the Boys Brigade, the youth clubs of the 1930s were rather more relaxed affairs and had none )] TJ ET BT 34.016 544.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of the quasi-military culture that came with the Brigade or Scouting movement. Here indeed, the clubs were )] TJ ET BT 34.016 530.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(ultimately to experiment with the mixing of genders, which was not entirely successful, documented in the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 515.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(earlier work of Marcus Collins in his book )] TJ ET BT 241.328 515.861 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Modern Love)] TJ ET BT 305.648 515.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 308.648 515.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(2\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 308.648 514.467 m 322.640 514.467 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 322.640 515.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( Tebbutt draws attention to the fact that youths )] TJ ET BT 34.016 501.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(had their own motivations for joining these clubs too, often drawn to activities such as football, and so )] TJ ET BT 34.016 487.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(joining when the season was about to begin. Perhaps Tebbutt undermines her focus on the youth )] TJ ET BT 34.016 473.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(organisations to a degree by noting that only a comparatively small percentage of youths joined them. In the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 458.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(next three chapters the author moves from what might be seen as the ?control of youth? to appearance and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 444.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(emotional stability as she explores clothing, bodily appearance and sexual anxieties experienced by young )] TJ ET BT 34.016 430.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(men.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 404.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The growing emphasis promoted by both the state, and individuals captivated by physical culture, meant that )] TJ ET BT 34.016 389.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(by the 1930s many youths were encouraged to take a pride in developing the A1 physique, perhaps for the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 375.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(purpose of self-defence, or perhaps to gain acceptance or admiration by one?s peers. In addition, by the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 361.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(1920s both men and women were being persuaded by commercial agencies to ensure their teeth were clean )] TJ ET BT 34.016 347.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and that they didn?t omit an offensive body-odour. Looks were becoming more important for this age group, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 332.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(especially as this was one of the subliminal messages given out by films shown at the picture palace. At the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 318.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(same time, however, the influence of cinema saw many youths take up smoking as a life-long habit, undoing )] TJ ET BT 34.016 304.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(much of the good work achieved by physical culture and personal grooming. Les?s diary notes that he )] TJ ET BT 34.016 290.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(acquired a trilby and overcoat in the mid-1930s, and was sometimes mocked by contemporaries for )] TJ ET BT 34.016 275.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(following fashions he had become aware of through his viewing of Hollywood films.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 249.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Sartorial elegance was primarily sought with a view to finding a sweetheart. The emotional turmoil that )] TJ ET BT 34.016 235.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(could surround such a quest is explored in a chapter which looks at the letters written by young men to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 220.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(agony aunts. By the mid-1930s these were increasingly employed by the leading dailies to offer advice to the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 206.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(young man who had trouble with women. The letters explore a rather understudied aspect of youth culture )] TJ ET BT 34.016 192.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and this is one of the most original aspects of the book. Young men appear to have written to such columns )] TJ ET BT 34.016 178.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(because they felt they couldn?t measure up to the new standards expected of a young man, as promoted in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 163.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(film and magazines. In the face of unemployment a jobless male was hardly a catch anyway. For observers, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 149.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(some these letters were an unnecessary indulgence and a distraction for a youth who might more profitably )] TJ ET BT 34.016 135.461 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(have spent his time looking for employment. Even the aunts themselves sometimes thought young men )] TJ ET BT 34.016 121.205 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(needed to pull themselves together, or take the bull by the horns and establish the feeling of the girl they had )] TJ ET BT 34.016 106.949 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(set their heart on. Some of the advice was also rather difficult to decipher, informed as it was in Dorothy )] TJ ET BT 34.016 92.693 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Dix?s case \(one of the first advice columnists\), by American protocol, which used a terminology of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 78.437 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(courtship that the British didn?t use. Les wrote to one of the aunts and received a response, with the agony )] TJ ET BT 34.016 64.181 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(aunt suggesting that holding a torch for a girl with whom he had had no regular contact \(other than letter )] TJ ET BT 34.016 49.925 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(writing\) since meeting her at a BB camp at Mablethorpe was likely to lead nowhere and he should go and )] TJ ET endstream endobj 16 0 obj [14 0 R /Fit] endobj 17 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 18 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 458.6357 781.1335 472.6277 793.0135 ] >> endobj 18 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 19 0 obj [14 0 R /Fit] endobj 20 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 21 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 308.6477 514.7815 322.6397 526.6615 ] >> endobj 21 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 22 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Contents 23 0 R >> endobj 23 0 obj << /Length 7955 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(see her. The chapter as whole begins to offer insights into young men?s interaction with modern advice )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(columns as they developed in the middle of the 1930s and perhaps the fact that young men wrote to such )] TJ ET BT 34.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(columns is indicative of the rather conservative family values that constrained youth and made it unlikely )] TJ ET BT 34.016 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(they would confide in a family member about their feelings.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 727.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(In other chapters )] TJ ET BT 117.656 727.445 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Being Boys)] TJ ET BT 171.980 727.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( explores the interaction between boys and the chief sites of leisure in the inter-)] TJ ET BT 34.016 713.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(war period, the dance and the picture palace. The domination by Hollywood of British cinema caused )] TJ ET BT 34.016 698.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(anxiety amongst the older generation, influencing as it did speech, mannerisms and the tendency for youth to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 684.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(daydream; escaping into a fantasy world. It is evident that films made a big impression on young men as )] TJ ET BT 34.016 670.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(well as women. Tastes in film changed quite rapidly across the ?teenage years? as maturity approached. The )] TJ ET BT 34.016 656.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(dance-hall was another important leisure institution of the period, which gave young men the opportunity to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 641.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(meet the opposite sex. In the 1920s, dance styles were relatively wild, characterised by the animal dances )] TJ ET BT 34.016 627.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(that were imported from the USA. By the 1930s, this dancing ?mania? had quelled somewhat and the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 613.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(professionalization of dancing was making itself felt in some dance venues. Such ?professionalisation? )] TJ ET BT 34.016 599.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(posed a problem for some young men, who had therefore to undertake training in rather sophisticated dance-)] TJ ET BT 34.016 584.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(steps in order to attend such institutions, although there were clearly still venues where basic dance-steps )] TJ ET BT 34.016 570.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(were adopted by most patrons. The dance-hall crowd was, as Tebbutt notes, many and varied. In a final )] TJ ET BT 34.016 556.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(chapter Tebbutt examines the rather cheaper forms of entertainment on offer to younger men in the city, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 542.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(such as street-entertainment, cycling, walking, or joining a gang.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 515.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(How far does )] TJ ET BT 101.660 515.861 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Being Boys)] TJ ET BT 155.984 515.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( achieve the author?s intentions, and how far does it convince the reader? To return )] TJ ET BT 34.016 501.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(to the author?s initially stated aims, that is to say, a fresh perspective on youth by looking at the personal )] TJ ET BT 34.016 487.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(more than the public face of that age group, the reviewer would suggest that the majority of the chapters do )] TJ ET BT 34.016 473.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(indeed, cast a fresh perspective on inter-war boys? lives. It tempers the work of those historians who have )] TJ ET BT 34.016 458.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(simply cast youth in terms of ?trouble? in this era. Those chapters that deal with advice columns and the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 444.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(emotional engagement with cinema bring a new or different perspective to our understanding of the lives of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 430.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(youth. The integration of Les Tebbutt?s diary was, for the most part, \(the diary doesn?t appear in all the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 416.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(chapters\), well-executed and interesting and was a useful way of moving from the particular to the general. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 401.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(In fact, after completing the book this reader felt it would have been nice to consider \(if possible\) more such )] TJ ET BT 34.016 387.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(diaries. At this point in time however, there are only limited examples in the public domain, and a future )] TJ ET BT 34.016 373.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(funded project may well be needed in order to coax more of these diaries out of private families? possession. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 359.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Les?s diary is supplemented here by recollections of working-class men, which are held at Brunel )] TJ ET BT 34.016 344.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(University, and oral histories stored in various repositories in Manchester and the North-West. My only )] TJ ET BT 34.016 330.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(slight concern here was that one diary was being leant on rather too heavily as being representative of a large )] TJ ET BT 34.016 316.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(group of young men. In the chapter which focuses on dancing, for example, one of the areas it would be )] TJ ET BT 34.016 302.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(useful to know more about is the subject dealt with quite briefly in the book \(on pp. 207?8, and the only )] TJ ET BT 34.016 287.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(appearance of subject of ?drink? in the book\), as to whether the dance-halls in a sense provoked the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 273.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(introduction of young men to alcohol. There were often disturbances around the inter-war dance-hall, most )] TJ ET BT 34.016 259.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(commonly at the end of the night, and it would be useful to try and assess whether these fights were drink-)] TJ ET BT 34.016 244.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(fuelled or the result of male rivalry over women. Taken as ?Dutch courage?, alcohol was often smuggled )] TJ ET BT 34.016 230.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(into the halls or drunk in the vicinity of them. It would be useful to include any recollections of this from )] TJ ET BT 34.016 216.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(young men who, Tebbutt notes, were often too intimidated to ask a young woman to dance. The other )] TJ ET BT 34.016 202.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(dimension that could have come through more strongly, I feel, is the regional. Les grew up in Northampton, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 187.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(a reasonably small Midland town, and it might be useful to compare the life experiences and options that )] TJ ET BT 34.016 173.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(were available to youth in urban centres that differed in scale. To be fair, the author acknowledges the need )] TJ ET BT 34.016 159.461 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(for this in her conclusions, which function at one level as a footnote, explaining why a range of topics )] TJ ET BT 34.016 145.205 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(including sport\) have not been considered, and which point to directions for future research. In her final )] TJ ET BT 34.016 130.949 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(substantial chapter the author follows young men out into the public sphere, charting their use of leisure-)] TJ ET BT 34.016 116.693 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(time and providing a useful counterpoint to the study of their emotions. The chapter triggered my own )] TJ ET BT 34.016 102.437 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(childhood memories of the huge distances I covered around my Berkshire village at a very tender age in the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 88.181 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(1970s, still a time before obsessive parental control. Overall, )] TJ ET BT 328.640 88.181 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Being Boys)] TJ ET BT 382.964 88.181 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( is a welcome addition to the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 73.925 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(literature on inter-war youth; contributing to our understanding of American influences across this 20-year )] TJ ET BT 34.016 59.669 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(period and offering insights into aspects of experiences that affected all young men, not just a minority. The )] TJ ET endstream endobj 24 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 26 0 R 28 0 R 30 0 R ] /Contents 25 0 R >> endobj 25 0 obj << /Length 1701 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(book furthermore signposts future directions that historians of youth may usefully take over the ensuing )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(decade.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 747.315 Td /F3 18.0 Tf [(Notes)] TJ ET BT 48.816 716.698 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(1.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 716.693 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(David Fowler, )] TJ ET BT 136.340 716.693 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The First Teenagers: The Lifestyle of Young Wage-earners in Interwar Britain)] TJ ET BT 64.016 702.437 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(London, 1995\).)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 142.340 702.437 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(1\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 142.340 701.043 m 196.328 701.043 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 48.816 688.186 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(2.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 688.181 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Marcus Collins, )] TJ ET BT 143.684 688.181 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Modern Love: An Intimate History of Men and Women in Twentieth-Century Britain)] TJ ET BT 64.016 673.925 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(London, 2003\).)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 142.340 673.925 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(2\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 142.340 672.531 m 196.328 672.531 l S 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.391 657.199 526.499 1.500 re S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 639.419 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Source URL:)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 104.672 639.419 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/review/1257)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 104.672 638.025 m 328.316 638.025 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 613.048 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Links:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 598.648 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([1] http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/item/18060)] TJ ET endstream endobj 26 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 27 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 142.3397 701.3575 196.3277 713.2375 ] >> endobj 27 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /GoTo /D 16 0 R >> endobj 28 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 29 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 142.3397 672.8455 196.3277 684.7255 ] >> endobj 29 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /GoTo /D 19 0 R >> endobj 30 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 31 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 104.6717 638.3395 328.3157 650.2195 ] >> endobj 31 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/review/1257) >> endobj xref 0 32 0000000000 65535 f 0000000008 00000 n 0000000073 00000 n 0000000119 00000 n 0000000342 00000 n 0000000379 00000 n 0000000565 00000 n 0000000647 00000 n 0000005195 00000 n 0000005304 00000 n 0000005414 00000 n 0000005523 00000 n 0000009084 00000 n 0000009212 00000 n 0000009296 00000 n 0000009387 00000 n 0000017380 00000 n 0000017410 00000 n 0000017538 00000 n 0000017574 00000 n 0000017604 00000 n 0000017732 00000 n 0000017768 00000 n 0000017833 00000 n 0000025841 00000 n 0000025939 00000 n 0000027693 00000 n 0000027821 00000 n 0000027876 00000 n 0000028004 00000 n 0000028059 00000 n 0000028187 00000 n trailer << /Size 32 /Root 1 0 R /Info 5 0 R >> startxref 28283 %%EOF