%PDF-1.3 1 0 obj << /Type /Catalog /Outlines 2 0 R /Pages 3 0 R >> endobj 2 0 obj << /Type /Outlines /Count 0 >> endobj 3 0 obj << /Type /Pages /Kids [6 0 R 14 0 R 16 0 R ] /Count 3 /Resources << /ProcSet 4 0 R /Font << /F1 8 0 R /F2 9 0 R /F3 10 0 R >> /XObject << /I1 11 0 R >> >> /MediaBox [0.000 0.000 595.280 841.890] >> endobj 4 0 obj [/PDF /Text /ImageC ] endobj 5 0 obj << /Creator (DOMPDF) /CreationDate (D:20141126054551+00'00') /ModDate (D:20141126054551+00'00') /Title (The Company-State: Corporate Sovereignty and the Early Modern Foundations of the British Empire in India) >> endobj 6 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 12 0 R ] /Contents 7 0 R >> endobj 7 0 obj << /Length 4198 >> stream q 381.750 0 0 120.000 34.016 687.874 cm /I1 Do Q 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Published on )] TJ ET BT 99.356 676.469 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Reviews in History)] TJ ET BT 190.016 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \()] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 197.012 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 197.012 675.075 m 357.332 675.075 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 357.332 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\))] TJ ET 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.391 653.743 526.499 1.500 re S BT 34.016 615.321 Td /F3 18.0 Tf [(The Company-State: Corporate Sovereignty and the Early Modern )] TJ ET BT 34.016 593.937 Td /F3 18.0 Tf [(Foundations of the British Empire in India)] TJ ET BT 34.016 251.939 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Despite the flurry of works over the past 20 years or so which have explored the course and consequences of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 237.683 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(colonial rule in India, and increasingly the impact that such rule had upon British society, the period before )] TJ ET BT 34.016 223.427 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the Battle of Plassey has remained for the most part insulated from questions about the ideologies and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 209.171 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(operations of territorial governance. Historians have largely focused on the obvious manifestations of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 194.915 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Britain?s expansion in India, which for many begins around 1757. This is not to say that the previous 150 )] TJ ET BT 34.016 180.659 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(years are )] TJ ET BT 79.988 180.659 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(terra incognita)] TJ ET BT 152.324 180.659 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(: scholars such as Holden Furber, K. N. Chaudhuri, M. N Pearson, and Om Prakash )] TJ ET BT 34.016 166.403 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(to name but a few\) have produced detailed and influential studies of the trading operations of the East India )] TJ ET BT 34.016 152.147 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Company and its competitors. However, in detailing the intricate commercial networks which prevailed in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 137.891 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the Indian Ocean, their works implied that the period prior to Plassey was one dominated by trade, and one )] TJ ET BT 34.016 123.635 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(where questions of sovereignty and authority were largely absent, or at best were secondary considerations. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 109.379 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Historians interested in probing the relationship between empire and sovereignty instead looked to what has )] TJ ET BT 34.016 95.123 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(become known as the Atlantic World ? the colonies established by the British in the Caribbean and North )] TJ ET BT 34.016 80.867 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(America. A territorial empire in the Atlantic came to be juxtaposed against a trading empire in Asia.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 54.611 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The Company-State )] TJ ET BT 132.008 54.611 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(challenges these longstanding characterizations and opens up fascinating new vistas on )] TJ ET BT 34.016 563.315 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Review Number:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 549.059 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(1262)] TJ ET BT 34.016 534.803 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publish date:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 520.547 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Thursday, 31 May, 2012)] TJ ET BT 34.016 506.291 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Author:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 492.035 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Philip J. Stern)] TJ ET BT 34.016 477.779 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(ISBN:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 463.523 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(9780195393736)] TJ ET BT 34.016 449.267 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Date of Publication:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 435.011 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(2011)] TJ ET BT 34.016 420.755 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Price:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 406.499 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(40.00)] TJ ET BT 34.016 392.243 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Pages:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 377.987 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(320pp.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 363.731 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publisher:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 349.475 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Oxford University Press)] TJ ET BT 34.016 335.219 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publisher url:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 320.963 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Place of Publication:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 306.707 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Oxford)] TJ ET BT 34.016 292.451 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Reviewer:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 278.195 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Douglas Peers)] TJ ET endstream endobj 8 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F1 /BaseFont /Times-Roman /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 9 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F2 /BaseFont /Times-Italic /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 10 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F3 /BaseFont /Times-Bold /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 11 0 obj << /Type /XObject /Subtype /Image /Width 509 /Height 160 /Filter /FlateDecode /DecodeParms << /Predictor 15 /Colors 3 /Columns 509 /BitsPerComponent 8>> /Mask [ 255 255 255 255 255 255 ] /ColorSpace /DeviceRGB /BitsPerComponent 8 /Length 3280>> stream x[EQ㎦fVttҒ +3O{?lGDQԯDrB^.ϯ%~'0۠/2>0AG_>0j0GCfE67>rB^}@  !&y+r?INp:erc b8f=rQC!~-Wf^^zF[)G 2ޯe7V_Go3Ke GEGOo8rώ#\1ZY~N6^H}yLxS-!:412V+u\-LSO?xVvZ|GjǮT_8EYJF=Tw^ 7GxfN/S:Ʌ~ʟtt?5n÷J'JcF-GVξx{rO~tJd;#a\7}|~y'>}c2C vR}f׈**h.)_&@pfzjsx:5;S\vKhM5j=!Cn+h"u]a EUN]jn=k<,:Ք>sU!ni~6EJ)¦72?G}[y}_vc$t?iSܟ2Zݞ,VN?_`='RFK1A2qv&X_lLRWY'%:I㢖zb_UEx\>&ɆBˏ~K@ \gYØU4}$8Dv!'Q'*+Εj(UCGo[#< 2Ja(sZi9fZKE Rn`u\9r^Zmɯ׹}mstO4uc~#'jEvۼ Dx[z ޏQ4KL5,5u3>i^uÒ-53ba ~,~/pyt1fMU'CVm:qv~=Y'Es"WsφG?l_kN5}],Ow7 uh`xƫ?zMl7ٻv$A(4Dl(wwH} ?=[=S;yC]^BK>㕪9`Z'Wj;E|:bf>kCԘ#RY,iv쵗~}n'"1u" *uO΄/2^Sxr(!/DD\~mJyZ!MmrA!#u[if|99WB WΡpp}w}sh#,\ &:%˳X?D3 %W0cC?o̲^} F3XLVn]Cߖiϧ!7}yZJ#P7]=)7Ρp;>> Ye^xx{Oafw{ ;>4gfLt ʊ:q%#r/)pv!O4wGh|dS ӣݽހ-gVUC'pBxrB^} 7JA^} /'8!`:r?}}],X  }6y!`/~Br?}Q< >k7vx"] ,' .3jn{-i}|~%-};b6#U)7繎kiEw 㤳:E}[޼c"rꬊ7Dc$~"/Y&zSd:tFȌCrʙ`7u .#[-<)j ?TGS(j~oTup(hjU4PlJ=}|it.ҽ@\wʨuXÞZcx18Wo<~ikOg,ވ\^?EneyZcc0[R١z|zv7_m:_n]a?osS3~j^ hD.a_X'KfBX6w wݶ"Oa:,bvhrWH[uCF-Xfc}>x+Rz)2N-B 7y^٨;[/vg? | |2Sve}=o䑰j[vWjF0{굦?VI~}xM(_TlG__+]:#к?S} c>GŸD7 !w{S{B =x7a?oE#)+Gz:o_4Q<;n?\tt7?mGCџQGu4kņOF>F?#} hP&ђߴM#u!.СtL2^#o nIk_i.~7tr@n 1P~3?.[]=S5b߮~Yo^HFH YBi8a4iom>CKgMy*;?zqEӕ` >zB9iFzC?XF?ޟIܰ펉A}{I5ᄊx%ez#Mp@rߎpi]IOVjzuJt\۰f׺u5><,J~PTJp1)}){9N {!`/> endstream endobj 12 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 13 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 197.0117 675.3895 357.3317 687.2695 ] >> endobj 13 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews) >> endobj 14 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Contents 15 0 R >> endobj 15 0 obj << /Length 7640 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the pre-Plassey period by shifting the focus from trade to territory, and provides compelling evidence that )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the ideologies and structures of territorial expansion were already in play before the big breakout after )] TJ ET BT 34.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Plassey. Well illustrated, and drawing on a diverse range of sources, )] TJ ET BT 364.616 767.957 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The Company-State )] TJ ET BT 462.608 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(weaves together )] TJ ET BT 34.016 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(political and intellectual history to demonstrate that defining sovereignty was of concern to the East India )] TJ ET BT 34.016 739.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Company long before its victories at Plassey and Buxar yielded them control over Bengal. Stern challenges )] TJ ET BT 34.016 725.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the longstanding idea that the East India Company only hesitantly, and barely consciously, became an )] TJ ET BT 34.016 710.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(imperial power. The East India Company that emerges from these pages is no longer the ?strange absurdity? )] TJ ET BT 34.016 696.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(once described by Adam Smith. Stern locates the Company within a very fluid world of early modern )] TJ ET BT 34.016 682.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(political formations in an era when the state had not become normalized. From the outset, the Company )] TJ ET BT 34.016 668.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(exercised authority over its employees and properties in ways similar to that of a government. Analogies are )] TJ ET BT 34.016 653.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(drawn with other corporate bodies in this era, such as municipalities, universities, guilds, and other chartered )] TJ ET BT 34.016 639.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(bodies. Stern pointedly and fittingly reminds us that, ?As proprietors, colonial governors and councils were )] TJ ET BT 34.016 625.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(in this sense like manorial lords, who could alienate land, administer justice, exact fines, and control )] TJ ET BT 34.016 611.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(populations within the bounds of their estates? \(p. 24\).)] TJ ET BT 34.016 584.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Broadly organized along chronological lines, the first section of )] TJ ET BT 343.304 584.885 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The Company-State )] TJ ET BT 441.296 584.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(consists of chapters that )] TJ ET BT 34.016 570.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(illustrate how the Company came to enjoy considerable autonomy in its operations in India, St Helena, and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 556.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Southeast Asia. By the late 1680s, the Company was at war with Siam as well as the Nawab of Bengal, and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 542.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(was dealing with what it viewed as challenges to its authority from European \(including British\) interlopers. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 527.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(It had only recently put down a rebellion at Bombay. Within its settlements, the Company had experimented )] TJ ET BT 34.016 513.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(with British municipal forms and in 1687 it introduced an incorporated council into Madras, modeled after )] TJ ET BT 34.016 499.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Plymouth, with a mayor and 12 aldermen who began to chafe against the authority imposed by the governor. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 485.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The symbolic manifestations of these claims to sovereignty are documented in detail. Pomp and ceremony )] TJ ET BT 34.016 470.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(were critical ingredients: Company officials in Madras, for example, declared who could carry an umbrella )] TJ ET BT 34.016 456.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and who could not. The coinage struck by the Company served as proof of the sovereign claims made by it, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 442.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(yet its hybrid iconography illustrates that such claims drew upon diverse authorities, a reminder of just how )] TJ ET BT 34.016 428.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(fluid the contemporary political context was.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 401.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The second section, taking as its point of departure the Glorious Revolution of 1688, and ending with the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 387.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Battle of Plassey, considers how the Company?s autonomy increasingly came into conflict with the growing )] TJ ET BT 34.016 373.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(ambitions of the British Parliament. The fact that the Company?s foreign policy did not necessarily align )] TJ ET BT 34.016 359.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(with, much less mimic, the foreign policy of the British government is further evidence of the overlapping )] TJ ET BT 34.016 344.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(sovereignties. The arrival of William of Orange on the throne of the soon-to-be United Kingdom should )] TJ ET BT 34.016 330.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(have put an end to the often violent rivalry between the Dutch and the English East India Companies. At the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 316.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(same time the legacy of increasing parliamentary clout following the Glorious Revolution meant that the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 302.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(East India Company?s pretensions to a degree of constitutional autonomy was out of step with, and at times )] TJ ET BT 34.016 287.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(ran counter to, parliamentary trajectories. Critics of the Company depicted it as exhibiting many of the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 273.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(despotic traits associated not only with Asia but also the Stuarts ? and in so doing implied that the Company )] TJ ET BT 34.016 259.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(was a threat to parliamentary authority. Actions such as administering capital punishment at St Helena or )] TJ ET BT 34.016 244.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(setting up Admiralty Courts which could seize property from British subjects were held up as examples of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 230.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(actions undertaken by an institution that undermined the supremacy of Parliament. Yet the Company could )] TJ ET BT 34.016 216.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(not always go it alone, and in ensuring the safety of the sea lanes to its factories in India and Southeast Asia, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 202.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the Company had to secure the assistance of the Admiralty. Stern reminds us that the Company was first and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 187.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(foremost a maritime power, but in fending off challenges to its position from various pirates, interlopers and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 173.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(eventually European competitors, the limited resources possessed by the Company were quickly exhausted. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 159.461 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(In turning to the Admiralty, the East India Company had to relinquish some of its autonomy. Moreover, by )] TJ ET BT 34.016 145.205 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the late 1690s a broad coalition of individuals and interests opposed to the Company had converged, and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 130.949 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(formed a new Company, one which notably was not anchored in a Royal Charter but was instead ushered )] TJ ET BT 34.016 116.693 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(into being through an Act of Parliament. An eventual merger of the two English companies was orchestrated )] TJ ET BT 34.016 102.437 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(in 1709. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 76.181 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The Company-State )] TJ ET BT 132.008 76.181 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(offers insights that transcend the temporal and spatial boundaries under analysis and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 61.925 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(suggests important new ways of thinking about sovereignty in the early modern world. As Stern aptly puts it, )] TJ ET endstream endobj 16 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 19 0 R 21 0 R 23 0 R 25 0 R ] /Contents 17 0 R >> endobj 17 0 obj << /Length 5471 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(?Approaching the Company as a form of state and sovereign, which claimed final jurisdiction and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(responsibility over people and places, suggests that the history of state formation and of political thought, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(only relatively recently extended to include the ideas and institutions of empire, might be extended even )] TJ ET BT 34.016 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(further, beyond the national form of those states and empires to apply to a range of corporate communities? )] TJ ET BT 34.016 739.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(p. 14\). Plassey was not the rupture that it is often seen to be, and individuals like Clive and Hastings are )] TJ ET BT 34.016 725.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(positioned within a genealogy of political discourse stretching back to the 17th century. The volatility of the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 710.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(later 18th century becomes more comprehensible: the coup which toppled George Pigot, the governor of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 696.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Madras \(who mysteriously died in custody\), or General Richard Smith?s chequered career in India ? court )] TJ ET BT 34.016 682.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(martialed yet allowed to return to India ? are episodes that make much more sense when set within the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 668.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(context of the shifting and contested foundations of sovereign authority in India.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 641.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Stern?s fine study also opens up new perspectives on the so-called 18th-century crisis in South Asia. The )] TJ ET BT 34.016 627.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Company is no longer seen as an aberration nor can the rise of British power be seen as coincidental. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 613.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Similarly, within India, the eclipse of the Mughals exposed a wide range of sometimes competing and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 599.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(sometimes overlapping political formations. The Nizam of Hyderabad, on one level the number two in the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 584.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Mughal hierarchy, also acted in many ways as an independent sovereign. Ultimately, the )] TJ ET BT 462.608 584.885 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Company-State )] TJ ET BT 34.016 570.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(imaginatively and persuasively positions the East India Company within a constellation of early modern )] TJ ET BT 34.016 556.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(constitutional forms, thereby calling into question the prevailing if often unconscious assumption )] TJ ET BT 34.016 542.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(underpinning liberal historiography, namely that the nation-state is the natural, some might even say )] TJ ET BT 34.016 527.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(inevitable culmination of political organization. When )] TJ ET BT 297.656 527.861 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The Company-State )] TJ ET BT 395.648 527.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(is read alongside Jane Burbank?s )] TJ ET BT 34.016 513.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and Frederick Cooper?s )] TJ ET BT 151.652 513.605 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Empires in World History: Power and the Politics of Difference)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 461.636 513.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(1\))] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 461.636 512.211 m 475.628 512.211 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 475.628 513.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( which also )] TJ ET BT 34.016 499.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(refuses to take the nation-state as the paradigmatic form of political organization, the potential for a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 485.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(fundamental rethinking becomes tantalizingly real. It should therefore come as no surprise that )] TJ ET BT 491.936 485.093 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The )] TJ ET BT 34.016 470.837 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Company-State )] TJ ET BT 111.008 470.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(was awarded the American Historical Association?s Morris D. Forkosch prize. It is hard to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 456.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(think of a more deserving winner.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 421.683 Td /F3 18.0 Tf [(Notes)] TJ ET BT 48.816 391.066 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(1.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 391.061 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Jane Burbank and Frederick Cooper, )] TJ ET BT 243.308 391.061 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Empires in World History: Power and the Politics of Difference)] TJ ET BT 64.016 376.805 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(Princeton, NJ, 2010\).)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 170.336 376.805 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(1\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 170.336 375.411 m 224.324 375.411 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 350.549 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Other reviews:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 336.293 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(H-Net)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 34.016 322.037 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.h-net.org/reviews/showrev.php)] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.016 320.643 m 240.992 320.643 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 243.992 322.037 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([2])] TJ ET 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.391 317.311 526.499 1.500 re S BT 34.016 299.531 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Source URL:)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 104.672 299.531 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/review/1262)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 104.672 298.137 m 328.316 298.137 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 273.160 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Links:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 258.760 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([1] http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/item/18979)] TJ ET BT 34.016 244.360 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([2] http://www.h-net.org/reviews/showrev.php?id=34170)] TJ ET endstream endobj 18 0 obj [16 0 R /Fit] endobj 19 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 20 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 461.6357 512.5255 475.6277 524.4055 ] >> endobj 20 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 21 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 22 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 170.3357 375.7255 224.3237 387.6055 ] >> endobj 22 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /GoTo /D 18 0 R >> endobj 23 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 24 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 34.0157 320.9575 240.9917 332.8375 ] >> endobj 24 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.h-net.org/reviews/showrev.php?id=34170) >> endobj 25 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 26 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 104.6717 298.4515 328.3157 310.3315 ] >> endobj 26 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/review/1262) >> endobj xref 0 27 0000000000 65535 f 0000000008 00000 n 0000000073 00000 n 0000000119 00000 n 0000000335 00000 n 0000000372 00000 n 0000000600 00000 n 0000000682 00000 n 0000004932 00000 n 0000005041 00000 n 0000005151 00000 n 0000005260 00000 n 0000008821 00000 n 0000008949 00000 n 0000009033 00000 n 0000009098 00000 n 0000016791 00000 n 0000016896 00000 n 0000022420 00000 n 0000022450 00000 n 0000022578 00000 n 0000022614 00000 n 0000022742 00000 n 0000022797 00000 n 0000022924 00000 n 0000023025 00000 n 0000023153 00000 n trailer << /Size 27 /Root 1 0 R /Info 5 0 R >> startxref 23249 %%EOF