%PDF-1.3 1 0 obj << /Type /Catalog /Outlines 2 0 R /Pages 3 0 R >> endobj 2 0 obj << /Type /Outlines /Count 0 >> endobj 3 0 obj << /Type /Pages /Kids [6 0 R 14 0 R 19 0 R 21 0 R 25 0 R ] /Count 5 /Resources << /ProcSet 4 0 R /Font << /F1 8 0 R /F2 9 0 R /F3 10 0 R >> /XObject << /I1 11 0 R >> >> /MediaBox [0.000 0.000 595.280 841.890] >> endobj 4 0 obj [/PDF /Text /ImageC ] endobj 5 0 obj << /Creator (DOMPDF) /CreationDate (D:20140818093639+01'00') /ModDate (D:20140818093639+01'00') /Title (Child of the Enlightenment: Revolutionary Europe Reflected in a Boyhood Diary) >> endobj 6 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 12 0 R ] /Contents 7 0 R >> endobj 7 0 obj << /Length 3907 >> stream q 381.750 0 0 120.000 34.016 687.874 cm /I1 Do Q 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Published on )] TJ ET BT 99.356 676.469 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Reviews in History)] TJ ET BT 190.016 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \()] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 197.012 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 197.012 675.075 m 357.332 675.075 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 357.332 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\))] TJ ET 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.391 653.743 526.499 1.500 re S BT 34.016 615.321 Td /F3 18.0 Tf [(Child of the Enlightenment: Revolutionary Europe Reflected in a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 593.937 Td /F3 18.0 Tf [(Boyhood Diary)] TJ ET BT 34.016 237.683 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Child of the Enlightenment)] TJ ET BT 163.688 237.683 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( is a captivating book: charming, moving, and richly informative, it melds the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 223.427 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(intimate and distant, weaving together bodies, emotions and minds, Enlightenment ideas and philosophy, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 209.171 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and revolutionary politics. Technically brilliant, it retains coherence under the potential centrifugal force of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 194.915 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the authors? objective to ?let the diary pose the questions raised by its own world? \(p. 1\). Although a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 180.659 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(boyhood diary directs the study?s horizons, Arianne Baggerman and Rudolf Dekker also draw upon a wealth )] TJ ET BT 34.016 166.403 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of ego-documents, a panoply of print culture from pedagogy to conduct literature, travel writing to fiction, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 152.147 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the minutes of political meetings, maps, and 164 vibrant images, which just in themselves must have taken )] TJ ET BT 34.016 137.891 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(huge effort to select and organise. This achievement is yet more remarkable when its co-authorship and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 123.635 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(translation are considered. Fortunately, their remarkable scholarship and prose are well served by Diane )] TJ ET BT 34.016 109.379 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Webb?s outstanding translation skills.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 83.123 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The Enlightenment child under scrutiny is Otto van Eck. He began his oft-resented diary in 1791, at the age )] TJ ET BT 34.016 68.867 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of ten, writing regularly at his parents? behest for several years, until his entries declined, with a final one in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 54.611 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(November 1797. Thanks to Baggerman and Dekker?s talents, Otto emerges as both archetypal )] TJ ET BT 34.016 563.315 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Review Number:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 549.059 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(1264)] TJ ET BT 34.016 534.803 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publish date:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 520.547 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Thursday, 7 June, 2012)] TJ ET BT 34.016 506.291 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Author:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 492.035 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Arianne Baggerman)] TJ ET BT 34.016 477.779 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Rudolf Dekker)] TJ ET BT 34.016 463.523 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Diane Webb \(translator\))] TJ ET BT 34.016 449.267 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(ISBN:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 435.011 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(9789004172692)] TJ ET BT 34.016 420.755 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Date of Publication:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 406.499 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(2009)] TJ ET BT 34.016 392.243 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Price:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 377.987 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(89.00)] TJ ET BT 34.016 363.731 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Pages:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 349.475 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(512pp.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 335.219 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publisher:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 320.963 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Brill)] TJ ET BT 34.016 306.707 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Place of Publication:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 292.451 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Leiden)] TJ ET BT 34.016 278.195 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Reviewer:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 263.939 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Joanne Bailey)] TJ ET endstream endobj 8 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F1 /BaseFont /Times-Roman /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 9 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F2 /BaseFont /Times-Italic /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 10 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F3 /BaseFont /Times-Bold /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 11 0 obj << /Type /XObject /Subtype /Image /Width 509 /Height 160 /Filter /FlateDecode /DecodeParms << /Predictor 15 /Colors 3 /Columns 509 /BitsPerComponent 8>> /Mask [ 255 255 255 255 255 255 ] /ColorSpace /DeviceRGB /BitsPerComponent 8 /Length 3280>> stream x[EQ㎦fVttҒ +3O{?lGDQԯDrB^.ϯ%~'0۠/2>0AG_>0j0GCfE67>rB^}@  !&y+r?INp:erc b8f=rQC!~-Wf^^zF[)G 2ޯe7V_Go3Ke GEGOo8rώ#\1ZY~N6^H}yLxS-!:412V+u\-LSO?xVvZ|GjǮT_8EYJF=Tw^ 7GxfN/S:Ʌ~ʟtt?5n÷J'JcF-GVξx{rO~tJd;#a\7}|~y'>}c2C vR}f׈**h.)_&@pfzjsx:5;S\vKhM5j=!Cn+h"u]a EUN]jn=k<,:Ք>sU!ni~6EJ)¦72?G}[y}_vc$t?iSܟ2Zݞ,VN?_`='RFK1A2qv&X_lLRWY'%:I㢖zb_UEx\>&ɆBˏ~K@ \gYØU4}$8Dv!'Q'*+Εj(UCGo[#< 2Ja(sZi9fZKE Rn`u\9r^Zmɯ׹}mstO4uc~#'jEvۼ Dx[z ޏQ4KL5,5u3>i^uÒ-53ba ~,~/pyt1fMU'CVm:qv~=Y'Es"WsφG?l_kN5}],Ow7 uh`xƫ?zMl7ٻv$A(4Dl(wwH} ?=[=S;yC]^BK>㕪9`Z'Wj;E|:bf>kCԘ#RY,iv쵗~}n'"1u" *uO΄/2^Sxr(!/DD\~mJyZ!MmrA!#u[if|99WB WΡpp}w}sh#,\ &:%˳X?D3 %W0cC?o̲^} F3XLVn]Cߖiϧ!7}yZJ#P7]=)7Ρp;>> Ye^xx{Oafw{ ;>4gfLt ʊ:q%#r/)pv!O4wGh|dS ӣݽހ-gVUC'pBxrB^} 7JA^} /'8!`:r?}}],X  }6y!`/~Br?}Q< >k7vx"] ,' .3jn{-i}|~%-};b6#U)7繎kiEw 㤳:E}[޼c"rꬊ7Dc$~"/Y&zSd:tFȌCrʙ`7u .#[-<)j ?TGS(j~oTup(hjU4PlJ=}|it.ҽ@\wʨuXÞZcx18Wo<~ikOg,ވ\^?EneyZcc0[R١z|zv7_m:_n]a?osS3~j^ hD.a_X'KfBX6w wݶ"Oa:,bvhrWH[uCF-Xfc}>x+Rz)2N-B 7y^٨;[/vg? | |2Sve}=o䑰j[vWjF0{굦?VI~}xM(_TlG__+]:#к?S} c>GŸD7 !w{S{B =x7a?oE#)+Gz:o_4Q<;n?\tt7?mGCџQGu4kņOF>F?#} hP&ђߴM#u!.СtL2^#o nIk_i.~7tr@n 1P~3?.[]=S5b߮~Yo^HFH YBi8a4iom>CKgMy*;?zqEӕ` >zB9iFzC?XF?ޟIܰ펉A}{I5ᄊx%ez#Mp@rߎpi]IOVjzuJt\۰f׺u5><,J~PTJp1)}){9N {!`/> endstream endobj 12 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 13 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 197.0117 675.3895 357.3317 687.2695 ] >> endobj 13 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews) >> endobj 14 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 17 0 R ] /Contents 15 0 R >> endobj 15 0 obj << /Length 7657 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Enlightenment product, grown in soil watered by Rousseau and German pedagogues, and as an individual )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(personality: stubborn, occasionally grumpy and resentful, sometimes socially awkward, irritated by younger )] TJ ET BT 34.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(siblings, yet kindly and affectionate towards his family. Born of enlightened parents and discourses, and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(intended for the clerical profession, all Otto wanted was to spend his time outdoors on the family estate, De )] TJ ET BT 34.016 739.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Ruit, and grow up to be a farmer. This is hardly surprising given his Rousseauvian upbringing and lack of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 725.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(enthusiasm for books.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 698.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Indeed, the authors sensitively contextualise Otto?s education within Enlightenment pedagogy. Although )] TJ ET BT 34.016 684.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(influenced by Rousseau?s innovative )] TJ ET BT 215.324 684.677 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Emile)] TJ ET BT 243.320 684.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, Otto?s parents actually used the German version of this style of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 670.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(childrearing, developed from the 1770s, which was far more workable. These philanthropists or ?friends of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 656.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(mankind?, still saw nature as important, but, in contrast with Rousseau, believed that human intervention )] TJ ET BT 34.016 641.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(was also crucial. Parents and pedagogues were to encourage children to channel their emotions, inculcating )] TJ ET BT 34.016 627.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(tenderness, compassion, sympathy and hope, and quelling destructive passions. Self-control was essential, as )] TJ ET BT 34.016 613.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(was discipline through a combination of rewards and fines, and withholding parental affection from a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 599.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(naughty child. It is striking how these pedagogical values informed the rearing of elite children across )] TJ ET BT 34.016 584.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Europe though moulded by particular cultural influences and diverse enlightenments.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 443.288 584.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(1\))] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 443.288 583.491 m 457.280 583.491 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 558.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Otto?s diary was a central tool in this educational regime, since writing it inculcated self-examination. But it )] TJ ET BT 34.016 544.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(was no work of intimate introspection, for it was scrutinised daily by Otto?s parents who regularly advised )] TJ ET BT 34.016 530.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(harder work and reprimanded laziness. In it Otto summarised his reading, not just his behaviour. Just as the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 515.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(German pedagogues advised, Charlotte and Lambert van Eck made good use of the expanding genre of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 501.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(children?s publishing, and selected Otto?s reading, for education and pleasure. Monitoring his extensive )] TJ ET BT 34.016 487.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(reading programme meant that they could guide him in the project of channelling feelings. His reading also )] TJ ET BT 34.016 473.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(reflected the van Eck?s religious stance. Otto was reared in the Dutch Reformed Church, with a framework )] TJ ET BT 34.016 458.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of regular church attendance and family prayers, supplemented by reading devotional literature. Traditional )] TJ ET BT 34.016 444.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(though this seems, Lambert was extremely liberal in his views, a proponent of the separation of Church and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 430.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(State and ecumenicalism, and drawn to deism and natural philosophy. His father?s religious liberalism )] TJ ET BT 34.016 416.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(seems to have prevailed over ritual since Otto read the Bible very little, was not spiritual, and could even )] TJ ET BT 34.016 401.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(contemplate the possibility that there was no hereafter. This was a boy who was encouraged to think things )] TJ ET BT 34.016 387.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(through.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 361.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Thus Otto was no ?prisoner in a paper panopticon? as the authors so cleverly term it \(p. 105\). Baggerman )] TJ ET BT 34.016 347.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and Dekker reveal Otto?s agency as he struggled against parental supervision, avoiding writing daily entries, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 332.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and rebelliously complaining when forced to do so. They also infer that although his reading followed that of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 318.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(idealised fictional children, Otto stolidly refused to love it for pleasure alone. While keeping the diary )] TJ ET BT 34.016 304.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(clearly led to tensions between Otto and his parents, one can also imagine that some of his grudging )] TJ ET BT 34.016 290.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(confessions to ill temper, sibling quarrels, and reported throwaway comments, such as telling his mother ?he )] TJ ET BT 34.016 275.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(wished that there were no pianos in the world?, when obliged to repeat piano practice, might have prompted )] TJ ET BT 34.016 261.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(rueful smiles among his parents at the close of day \(p. 110\).)] TJ ET BT 34.016 235.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The central section of the book opens up Otto?s wider world. Drawn together in one insightful chapter are )] TJ ET BT 34.016 220.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(his delight in outdoor pursuits in the family?s country estate, new vogues in landscape gardening, the view )] TJ ET BT 34.016 206.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(that children were best reared in the countryside, away from worldly vices and temptations, and the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 192.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(metaphor of the child as tender plant. Indeed, the Enlightenment electrified all these aspects of child-rearing, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 178.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(nature, and landscape in the 1770s in the Netherlands. The formal gardens of elite estates were made over in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 163.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the natural English country style, symbolic of the desire for a purer, virtuous lifestyle and offering a suitably )] TJ ET BT 34.016 149.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(rural location to nurture minds and bodies. Tellingly, the van Ecks remodelled De Ruit at the same time as )] TJ ET BT 34.016 135.461 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(they were putting novel child-rearing ideas into practice. As his Papa explained to Otto, ?one of the main )] TJ ET BT 34.016 121.205 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(reasons we live in the country both summer and winter is to teach us from an early age that simplicity, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 106.949 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(moderation and industry are inextricably bound to our basic happiness? \(p. 191\). Raised with such )] TJ ET BT 34.016 92.693 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(metaphors of cultivation, which frequently revisited classical antecedents to praise rural life as the seat of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 78.437 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(moral virtues, the poets and autobiographers of Otto?s generation went on to describe youth as a paradisiacal )] TJ ET BT 34.016 64.181 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(garden that they had to leave behind to enter the next stage of life. Yet, the age of feeling?s bucolic bliss was )] TJ ET BT 34.016 49.925 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(not sentimentalised. Otto was permitted to attend the slaughter of livestock in autumn, an agricultural )] TJ ET endstream endobj 16 0 obj [14 0 R /Fit] endobj 17 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 18 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 443.2877 583.8055 457.2797 595.6855 ] >> endobj 18 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 19 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Contents 20 0 R >> endobj 20 0 obj << /Length 7601 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(activity which he relished. His unsentimental view of the animal kingdom was perfectly valid: animals were )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(not considered to feel; therefore, while needless cruelty was forbidden, one did not need to extend sympathy )] TJ ET BT 34.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(over their rational use as human nourishment.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 741.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Baggerman and Dekker use Otto?s diary to trace the ways in which his world expanded as he grew older. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 727.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Nestled first in the loving arms of his immediate family members, Otto increasingly travelled beyond them. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 713.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(He was familiarised with his own family lineage, essential to acquiring maturity since it marked status and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 698.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(prestige. He went further afield to extended kin and friends, eventually visiting them without his parents. All )] TJ ET BT 34.016 684.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(this was to prepare him for sociability, the driving force of society and social relations. Although sociability )] TJ ET BT 34.016 670.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(was compelled by the engine of politeness in England, in Dutch society it seems to have been a value shaped )] TJ ET BT 34.016 656.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(by new social-scientific methods of studying society: an invaluable form of conduct, after all, in a society )] TJ ET BT 34.016 641.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(newly deemed to be shaped by its people. Otto?s physical world was also extended. His first experiences )] TJ ET BT 34.016 627.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(were in the parental home and its environs. Thus the authors describe the van Ecks? splendid houses in the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 613.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(country and in town in The Hague, reminders of Otto?s luxurious lifestyle. He explored the world beyond )] TJ ET BT 34.016 599.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(his homes through the new discipline of geography. One feature of his rich material culture was his access to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 584.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(maps, aesthetical and pedagogical devices and embodiment of nationalist interests. In a striking image from )] TJ ET BT 34.016 570.629 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Vaderlandsch A-B-boek)] TJ ET BT 148.988 570.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(1781\), a father cradles his toddler in his arms and points to a vast map on the wall, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 556.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(explaining: ?The Netherlands is your fatherland, where you live in utmost security. When you grow up, you )] TJ ET BT 34.016 542.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(too, will surely dwell here with your family? \(p. 275\).)] TJ ET BT 34.016 515.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(As the rest of the book shows, this security was illusory, disrupted by time and events. Otto?s perception of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 501.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(time passing is placed within the changing understandings of time from the mid 18th century. In the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 487.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(aftermath of the French Revolution understandings of time went from cyclical to linear. Not just a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 473.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(characteristic of industrialisation, time was measured through industriousness: the less sleep and more useful )] TJ ET BT 34.016 458.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(activities the better. Time was also the resource of the powerful, who controlled the time of others; a feature )] TJ ET BT 34.016 444.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of age as well as social hierarchy, as Otto discovered when sent to bed early as punishment for bad )] TJ ET BT 34.016 430.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(behaviour. Baggerman and Dekker trace this new notion of linear time through Utopian writing. Later 18th-)] TJ ET BT 34.016 416.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(century utopias were set in the future rather than an undiscovered place. Child-rearing was fundamental to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 401.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(them, the marker and mechanism for reconstructing society. Otto experienced these conceptual shifts in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 387.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(body and mind. Inoculation was part of improving society and the van Ecks used it to protect their children. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 373.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Gauging the right time to implement it was, however, agonising. Otto and his sister Cootje were inoculated )] TJ ET BT 34.016 359.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(as older children at their house in The Hague. While they recovered well, their infant sister Annemietje )] TJ ET BT 34.016 344.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(stayed with her grandparents in Delft, deemed by the doctor too young to inoculate. She contracted smallpox )] TJ ET BT 34.016 330.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and died. No wonder Otto?s diary entries describe time as short, all too quickly lost, to be carefully )] TJ ET BT 34.016 316.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(harvested and used efficiently. These are signs of ?modern? time-keeping, but his diary nonetheless reveals )] TJ ET BT 34.016 302.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(that ?traditional? ideas of time persisted. Otto also structured his entries around these older markers of time, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 287.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(like the New Year, annual events like fairs, and the changing seasons.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 261.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The Netherlands faced political insecurity too. Baggerman and Dekker give a precise account of the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 247.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Batavian Revolution, an episode in Dutch history which has received little scholarly attention. Otto?s father )] TJ ET BT 34.016 232.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Lambert and uncle Pieter Paulus were key players. On the heels of French occupation in 1795 Lambert led )] TJ ET BT 34.016 218.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the ?velvet? revolution in The Hague. The Stadholder Willem V fled and the Patriots took power. By May )] TJ ET BT 34.016 204.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(1795 he represented The Hague in the new government of the province of Holland and Paulus was elected )] TJ ET BT 34.016 190.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(president of the provincial assembly of Holland. By March 1796 a National Assembly had been voted in by )] TJ ET BT 34.016 175.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(something approaching universal male suffrage. Paulus was elected chairman, and Lambert joined the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 161.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(assembly in October. For all this, the van Eck family did not profit from these major national events. Otto?s )] TJ ET BT 34.016 147.461 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(beloved Uncle Pieter died soon after his installation as chairman. In January 1797 Lambert was himself )] TJ ET BT 34.016 133.205 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(elected chairman of the National Assembly and Otto?s diary reflects his father?s demanding role largely by )] TJ ET BT 34.016 118.949 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(bemoaning his absences from home at work. Lambert next became embroiled in debate about the new Dutch )] TJ ET BT 34.016 104.693 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(constitution. Perhaps explaining why Otto missed his father so much was van Eck?s proposed amendment to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 90.437 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the constitution that ?no one lacking in domestic virtues can be a good citizen? \(p.370\). The debates )] TJ ET BT 34.016 76.181 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(triggered conflict that ended in a )] TJ ET BT 193.316 76.181 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(coup d?tat)] TJ ET BT 249.644 76.181 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( in January 1798 that ousted him. In February van Eck and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 61.925 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(other revolutionaries were imprisoned in Huis ten Bosch. A more moderate group staged a further coup in )] TJ ET endstream endobj 21 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 23 0 R ] /Contents 22 0 R >> endobj 22 0 obj << /Length 7316 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(June 1798 and a new ?governing regulation? was imposed in July, at which point it was declared that the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(revolution was ended. What gave hope to van Eck and his companions ?in misfortune? was their firm belief )] TJ ET BT 34.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(that it would be ?future generations ? who by virtue of their enlightened educations would be deserving of, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and equal to, that true freedom? \(p. 394?5\). Certainly, revolutionary ideals of liberty and egalitarianism were )] TJ ET BT 34.016 739.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(transmitted through policies on education, catechisms for the young and symbolic festivities.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 713.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Did Otto inherit his father?s hoped-for liberties? From the start we know that Otto had a short life, yet )] TJ ET BT 34.016 698.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Baggerman and Dekker avoid the shadow that this could have cast over the whole book. Instead they move )] TJ ET BT 34.016 684.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(us through what is fundamentally an optimistic Enlightened Dutch world seen through Otto?s eyes. The )] TJ ET BT 34.016 670.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(brightness of the new ideas radiates in Otto?s generation, who grew to adulthood around 1800. Yet the book )] TJ ET BT 34.016 656.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(draws to an unwelcome and painful close, for Otto was excluded from his generation?s potential to enjoy the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 641.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(benefits of the Batavian revolution. The closing chapters centre on the vulnerable body, both physical and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 627.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(political. Here we see Otto struggling with a long, life-threatening, painful attack of psoriasis in 1792, when )] TJ ET BT 34.016 613.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(he was 12, and numerous severe colds and fevers, which often rendered him deaf. The van Ecks did all they )] TJ ET BT 34.016 599.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(could, adopting a regimen in the countryside intended to make the body hardier and able to withstand illness. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 584.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(More unusual, it seems that when very ill Otto was given his mother?s breast milk, available since she had )] TJ ET BT 34.016 570.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(just given birth to another sibling. The authors are largely silent on this report. Even in a society that )] TJ ET BT 34.016 556.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(promoted maternal breastfeeding, surely this was strange to contemporaries? How was it delivered to Otto )] TJ ET BT 34.016 542.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([expressed, one hopes]? What is all too apparent, however, is Otto?s recognition that life itself was )] TJ ET BT 34.016 527.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(precarious. Death was overly familiar to Otto: he operated in a culture that moped melancholically via poetry )] TJ ET BT 34.016 513.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(like Young?s )] TJ ET BT 100.676 513.605 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Night Thoughts)] TJ ET BT 175.028 513.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, Harvey?s )] TJ ET BT 229.340 513.605 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Meditations among the Tombs)] TJ ET BT 375.008 513.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( and Gray?s )] TJ ET BT 435.320 513.605 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Elegy)] TJ ET BT 462.644 513.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( and their Dutch )] TJ ET BT 34.016 499.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(imitators; his relatives died frequently; and his family subscribed to new initiatives which moved cemeteries )] TJ ET BT 34.016 485.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(outside cities to make burials more hygienic.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 458.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Otto?s diary ended on 29 November 1797 and so the rest of his story is told largely via his father?s words. It )] TJ ET BT 34.016 444.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(is a depressing one for the reader who has accompanied Otto and his loving family so far. Just as he became )] TJ ET BT 34.016 430.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(seriously ill, at only 17, early in 1798, his father was imprisoned. In mid-March Lambert was permitted a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 416.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(visit from his children. His joy at seeing them was destroyed, however, by seeing the full extent of the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 401.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(ravages caused by his son?s illness, newly diagnosed as consumption. The following week the authorities )] TJ ET BT 34.016 387.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(allowed Lambert to return home to be with his dying child. Otto died in his 18th year at the end of March )] TJ ET BT 34.016 373.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and was buried in the family?s new cemetery plot. His father returned to prison until he was released that )] TJ ET BT 34.016 359.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(summer following the second )] TJ ET BT 179.336 359.045 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(coup)] TJ ET BT 202.664 359.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(. Emotionally and physically shattered, he also succumbed to TB on 5 )] TJ ET BT 34.016 344.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(October 1803. The book ends movingly with family memories of Otto?s vivacity, promise, and his parents? )] TJ ET BT 34.016 330.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(consuming love for him)] TJ ET BT 34.016 304.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(This is a book that is indispensable to scholars of diverse historical topics and countries. It shows the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 290.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(application of Enlightenment principles in home, culture, and politics and thus enriches scholars? )] TJ ET BT 34.016 275.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(understanding of the long 18th century. It is indispensable for anyone interested in the development of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 261.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(pedagogy, the values inculcated in elite child-rearing, and family life, but also the dissemination of political )] TJ ET BT 34.016 247.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(rhetoric across generations, changing conceptions of nature, time, space and religion. In fact it is exemplary )] TJ ET BT 34.016 232.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(in revealing how ideas and practice interweave. In some ways, the original Dutch title of the book is )] TJ ET BT 34.016 218.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(especially apt: )] TJ ET BT 106.004 218.741 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The Wonderful World of Otto van Eck: a Cultural History of the Batavian Revolution)] TJ ET BT 515.660 218.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, for this )] TJ ET BT 34.016 204.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(is a truly wonderful evocation of his world and a superb book.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 169.587 Td /F3 18.0 Tf [(Notes)] TJ ET BT 48.816 138.970 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(1.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 138.965 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Joanne Bailey, )] TJ ET BT 137.672 138.965 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Parenting in England c. 1760?1830: Emotions, Identity and Generation)] TJ ET BT 483.656 138.965 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(Oxford, )] TJ ET BT 64.016 124.709 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(2012\).)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 95.012 124.709 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(1\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 95.012 123.315 m 149.000 123.315 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 98.453 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The authors believe that this review gives a good overview of the content of their book, and the reviewer )] TJ ET BT 34.016 84.197 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(also presents with insight their intentions, and they are therefore happy to accept this review.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 57.941 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Other reviews:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 43.685 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Medical History)] TJ ET endstream endobj 23 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 24 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 95.0117 123.6295 148.9997 135.5095 ] >> endobj 24 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /GoTo /D 16 0 R >> endobj 25 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 27 0 R 29 0 R 31 0 R ] /Contents 26 0 R >> endobj 26 0 obj << /Length 1302 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3037224/)] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.016 795.075 m 309.368 795.075 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 312.368 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([2])] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(H-France)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 34.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.h-france.net/vol12reviews/vol12no38Cornell.pdf)] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.016 766.563 m 326.984 766.563 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 329.984 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([3])] TJ ET 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.391 763.231 526.499 1.500 re S BT 34.016 745.451 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Source URL:)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 104.672 745.451 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/review/1264)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 104.672 744.057 m 328.316 744.057 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 719.080 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Links:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 704.680 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([1] http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/item/19965)] TJ ET BT 34.016 690.280 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([2] http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3037224/)] TJ ET BT 34.016 675.880 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([3] http://www.h-france.net/vol12reviews/vol12no38Cornell.pdf)] TJ ET endstream endobj 27 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 28 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 34.0157 795.3895 309.3677 807.2695 ] >> endobj 28 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3037224/) >> endobj 29 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 30 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 34.0157 766.8775 326.9837 778.7575 ] >> endobj 30 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.h-france.net/vol12reviews/vol12no38Cornell.pdf) >> endobj 31 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 32 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 104.6717 744.3715 328.3157 756.2515 ] >> endobj 32 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/review/1264) >> endobj xref 0 33 0000000000 65535 f 0000000008 00000 n 0000000073 00000 n 0000000119 00000 n 0000000349 00000 n 0000000386 00000 n 0000000587 00000 n 0000000669 00000 n 0000004628 00000 n 0000004737 00000 n 0000004847 00000 n 0000004956 00000 n 0000008517 00000 n 0000008645 00000 n 0000008729 00000 n 0000008813 00000 n 0000016523 00000 n 0000016553 00000 n 0000016681 00000 n 0000016717 00000 n 0000016782 00000 n 0000024436 00000 n 0000024520 00000 n 0000031889 00000 n 0000032016 00000 n 0000032071 00000 n 0000032169 00000 n 0000033524 00000 n 0000033651 00000 n 0000033755 00000 n 0000033882 00000 n 0000033991 00000 n 0000034119 00000 n trailer << /Size 33 /Root 1 0 R /Info 5 0 R >> startxref 34215 %%EOF