%PDF-1.3 1 0 obj << /Type /Catalog /Outlines 2 0 R /Pages 3 0 R >> endobj 2 0 obj << /Type /Outlines /Count 0 >> endobj 3 0 obj << /Type /Pages /Kids [6 0 R 14 0 R 24 0 R 26 0 R 28 0 R ] /Count 5 /Resources << /ProcSet 4 0 R /Font << /F1 8 0 R /F2 9 0 R /F3 10 0 R /F4 16 0 R >> /XObject << /I1 11 0 R >> >> /MediaBox [0.000 0.000 595.280 841.890] >> endobj 4 0 obj [/PDF /Text /ImageC ] endobj 5 0 obj << /Creator (DOMPDF) /CreationDate (D:20140722115159+01'00') /ModDate (D:20140722115159+01'00') /Title (The History of Parliament Online) >> endobj 6 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 12 0 R ] /Contents 7 0 R >> endobj 7 0 obj << /Length 4984 >> stream q 381.750 0 0 120.000 34.016 687.874 cm /I1 Do Q 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Published on )] TJ ET BT 99.356 676.469 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Reviews in History)] TJ ET BT 190.016 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \()] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 197.012 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 197.012 675.075 m 357.332 675.075 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 357.332 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\))] TJ ET 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.391 653.743 526.499 1.500 re S BT 34.016 615.321 Td /F3 18.0 Tf [(The History of Parliament Online)] TJ ET BT 34.016 373.115 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The History of Parliament is widely recognised as a monumental scholarly achievement. Since its origins in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 358.859 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the dreams of Josiah Wedgwood in the early part of the 20th century, and then its establishment as a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 344.603 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(charitable trust in 1940 \(with government funding from 1951\), it has produced a voluminous output. For )] TJ ET BT 34.016 330.347 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(scale and ambition it is up there with the )] TJ ET BT 231.668 330.347 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Dictionary of National Biography)] TJ ET BT 394.676 330.347 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(now the )] TJ ET BT 443.000 330.347 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(ODNB)] TJ ET BT 475.664 330.347 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\) and the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 316.091 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Victoria County History)] TJ ET BT 150.020 316.091 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, and since 1964 it has produced over 40 fat volumes, containing biographical entries )] TJ ET BT 34.016 301.835 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(on over 21,000 MPs who sat between 1386 and 1832, as well as around 3,000 constituency histories, and a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 287.579 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(staggering 20 million words. It has been home to some giants of 20th?century scholarship, including Sir )] TJ ET BT 34.016 273.323 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Lewis Namier, Sir Frank Stenton and Sir John Neale, and it has employed countless other scholars, many of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 259.067 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(whom look back fondly at their time ?at the HoP?, otherwise known as ?the H.O.P?, or \(simply and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 244.811 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(grandiloquently\) as ?The History?. And its work is not yet complete. Funds permitting \(and there have been )] TJ ET BT 34.016 230.555 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(some narrow scrapes over the years\), it will continue to fill the gaps in its coverage. Work is on-going for the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 216.299 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(periods 1422?1504 and 1640?60, and the Trust has recently embarked on an ambitious \(and slightly re-)] TJ ET BT 34.016 202.043 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(jigged\) project to cover the period between the Great Reform Act and the end of the Second World War.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 175.787 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Of course, the project has had its detractors. It is sometimes described as old fashioned, a charge which is )] TJ ET BT 34.016 161.531 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(hard to deny given that its prosopographical approach owes so much to Namier and his disciples, and by )] TJ ET BT 34.016 147.275 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(concentrating on biographies it does not exactly do what its name implies, in terms of offering a genuine )] TJ ET BT 34.016 133.019 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(history of Parliament. Its focus on the Commons also seems out of touch with long-established )] TJ ET BT 34.016 118.763 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(historiographical trends which acknowledge \(and indeed emphasise\) the role of the peerage, although this is )] TJ ET BT 34.016 104.507 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(now being addressed by new sections which are starting the process of dealing with the House of Lords )] TJ ET BT 34.016 90.251 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(currently 1660?1832\). Others will point out that the History has not always been staffed by professional )] TJ ET BT 34.016 75.995 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(scholars, such that the quality of its research is not uniformly high, and it is certainly true that recent work is )] TJ ET BT 34.016 61.739 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(a great deal more thorough than some of the older output. Nevertheless, few can doubt that it has produced )] TJ ET BT 34.016 584.699 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Review Number:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 570.443 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(1267)] TJ ET BT 34.016 556.187 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publish date:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 541.931 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Thursday, 7 June, 2012)] TJ ET BT 34.016 527.675 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Editor:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 513.419 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Paul Seaward)] TJ ET BT 34.016 499.163 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Date of Publication:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 484.907 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(2012)] TJ ET BT 34.016 470.651 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publisher:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 456.395 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(History of Parliament)] TJ ET BT 34.016 442.139 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Place of Publication:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 427.883 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(London)] TJ ET BT 34.016 413.627 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Reviewer:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 399.371 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Jason Peacey)] TJ ET endstream endobj 8 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F1 /BaseFont /Times-Roman /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 9 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F2 /BaseFont /Times-Italic /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 10 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F3 /BaseFont /Times-Bold /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 11 0 obj << /Type /XObject /Subtype /Image /Width 509 /Height 160 /Filter /FlateDecode /DecodeParms << /Predictor 15 /Colors 3 /Columns 509 /BitsPerComponent 8>> /Mask [ 255 255 255 255 255 255 ] /ColorSpace /DeviceRGB /BitsPerComponent 8 /Length 3280>> stream x[EQ㎦fVttҒ +3O{?lGDQԯDrB^.ϯ%~'0۠/2>0AG_>0j0GCfE67>rB^}@  !&y+r?INp:erc b8f=rQC!~-Wf^^zF[)G 2ޯe7V_Go3Ke GEGOo8rώ#\1ZY~N6^H}yLxS-!:412V+u\-LSO?xVvZ|GjǮT_8EYJF=Tw^ 7GxfN/S:Ʌ~ʟtt?5n÷J'JcF-GVξx{rO~tJd;#a\7}|~y'>}c2C vR}f׈**h.)_&@pfzjsx:5;S\vKhM5j=!Cn+h"u]a EUN]jn=k<,:Ք>sU!ni~6EJ)¦72?G}[y}_vc$t?iSܟ2Zݞ,VN?_`='RFK1A2qv&X_lLRWY'%:I㢖zb_UEx\>&ɆBˏ~K@ \gYØU4}$8Dv!'Q'*+Εj(UCGo[#< 2Ja(sZi9fZKE Rn`u\9r^Zmɯ׹}mstO4uc~#'jEvۼ Dx[z ޏQ4KL5,5u3>i^uÒ-53ba ~,~/pyt1fMU'CVm:qv~=Y'Es"WsφG?l_kN5}],Ow7 uh`xƫ?zMl7ٻv$A(4Dl(wwH} ?=[=S;yC]^BK>㕪9`Z'Wj;E|:bf>kCԘ#RY,iv쵗~}n'"1u" *uO΄/2^Sxr(!/DD\~mJyZ!MmrA!#u[if|99WB WΡpp}w}sh#,\ &:%˳X?D3 %W0cC?o̲^} F3XLVn]Cߖiϧ!7}yZJ#P7]=)7Ρp;>> Ye^xx{Oafw{ ;>4gfLt ʊ:q%#r/)pv!O4wGh|dS ӣݽހ-gVUC'pBxrB^} 7JA^} /'8!`:r?}}],X  }6y!`/~Br?}Q< >k7vx"] ,' .3jn{-i}|~%-};b6#U)7繎kiEw 㤳:E}[޼c"rꬊ7Dc$~"/Y&zSd:tFȌCrʙ`7u .#[-<)j ?TGS(j~oTup(hjU4PlJ=}|it.ҽ@\wʨuXÞZcx18Wo<~ikOg,ވ\^?EneyZcc0[R١z|zv7_m:_n]a?osS3~j^ hD.a_X'KfBX6w wݶ"Oa:,bvhrWH[uCF-Xfc}>x+Rz)2N-B 7y^٨;[/vg? | |2Sve}=o䑰j[vWjF0{굦?VI~}xM(_TlG__+]:#к?S} c>GŸD7 !w{S{B =x7a?oE#)+Gz:o_4Q<;n?\tt7?mGCџQGu4kņOF>F?#} hP&ђߴM#u!.СtL2^#o nIk_i.~7tr@n 1P~3?.[]=S5b߮~Yo^HFH YBi8a4iom>CKgMy*;?zqEӕ` >zB9iFzC?XF?ޟIܰ펉A}{I5ᄊx%ez#Mp@rߎpi]IOVjzuJt\۰f׺u5><,J~PTJp1)}){9N {!`/> endstream endobj 12 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 13 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 197.0117 675.3895 357.3317 687.2695 ] >> endobj 13 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews) >> endobj 14 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 17 0 R 19 0 R 22 0 R ] /Contents 15 0 R >> endobj 15 0 obj << /Length 7911 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(mighty reference volumes that have been invaluable to generations of scholars, far beyond the narrow field )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of parliamentary history, and it can honestly be said that new volumes are eagerly anticipated. Moreover, the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(purpose of this review is not so much to judge the quality of what has been produced as to discuss the latest )] TJ ET BT 34.016 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(method by which it has been presented to the world: )] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 287.984 753.701 Td /F4 12.0 Tf [(The History of Parliament Online)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 287.984 752.059 m 455.336 752.059 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 458.336 753.701 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [([2])] TJ ET BT 472.328 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(. And at this )] TJ ET BT 34.016 739.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(point it is probably appropriate for me to declare a double interest, having formerly been employed as a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 725.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(researcher on the project \(for too many years\), and having more recently made a very small contribution to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 710.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the new website.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 684.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(This is not the first time that the History has experimented with modern technology, and in 1998 it worked )] TJ ET BT 34.016 670.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(with Cambridge University Press one what was, at the time, a fairly impressive CD Rom. This was probably )] TJ ET BT 34.016 656.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(done in recognition that the project?s massive achievement might not have the impact and readership it )] TJ ET BT 34.016 641.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(deserved, because of the limitations of the print format. The huge volumes that had been appearing )] TJ ET BT 34.016 627.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(periodically over the previous three decades were wonderful to use in many respects, but they suffered from )] TJ ET BT 34.016 613.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(major drawbacks. They were prohibitively expensive, and it was no longer clear even that university )] TJ ET BT 34.016 599.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(libraries were buying them. And, in the absence of an index, they resembled giant haystacks that were )] TJ ET BT 34.016 584.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(unlikely to yield up too many needles for those whose approach to history \(and indeed to Parliament\) was )] TJ ET BT 34.016 570.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(not biographical in nature. This was the problem that the CD Rom, with its search facility and hyperlinks, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 556.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(overcame, even if only briefly. What quickly became apparent, of course, was that CD Rom technology had )] TJ ET BT 34.016 542.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(been superseded by the internet, a development with which scholars and publishers are still experimenting, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 527.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(in order to find exciting new ways of delivering old information.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 501.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(How successful, then is the )] TJ ET BT 167.996 501.605 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(History of Parliament Online)] TJ ET BT 308.996 501.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( at providing readers with something that is )] TJ ET BT 34.016 487.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(useable, and which genuinely has added value? The most obvious point to make in the site?s favour is that it )] TJ ET BT 34.016 473.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(is entirely free. Other similar projects have either required vast amounts of research council money, which )] TJ ET BT 34.016 458.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(has not always been wisely spent, or have involved commercial ventures, whose databases have sometimes )] TJ ET BT 34.016 444.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(been insanely expensive, unless and until JISC makes them available to UK universities. In what is a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 430.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(sometimes depressing web age, therefore, it is immensely refreshing that the History \(like so much of )] TJ ET BT 524.612 430.325 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(British )] TJ ET BT 34.016 416.069 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(History Online)] TJ ET BT 105.680 416.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\) is accessible to absolutely anyone, anywhere in the world. Beyond this, moreover, the site )] TJ ET BT 34.016 401.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(also has the merits of being well-designed, user-friendly and useful.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 375.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(In essence, the site involves a web version of the printed output, which appears under the heading )] TJ ET BT 34.016 361.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(?Research? on the opening page. This involves the work of nine sections, the most recent of which \(covering )] TJ ET BT 34.016 347.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(1820?32\) was published in 2009, with the latest research \(published in 2010, and covering 1604?29\) due to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 332.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(appear on the web in late 2012. This part of the site comprises a series of clearly marked layers. Readers thus )] TJ ET BT 34.016 318.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(choose whether they wish to explore ?members?, ?constituencies? or ?surveys?, the latter of which refers to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 304.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the substantial analytical introductions which have appeared with \(almost all of\) the printed sets. Having )] TJ ET BT 34.016 290.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(made their choice, they can then choose which chronological period they seek to explore, and then browse )] TJ ET BT 34.016 275.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the entries by means of alphabetical keys. These various pathways enable readers to call up on screen the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 261.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(exact text of what appeared in print, and although these do not provide references to the volumes and pages )] TJ ET BT 34.016 247.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of the original volumes, they can be easily cited by anyone who wishes to do so. Indeed, one of the small but )] TJ ET BT 34.016 232.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(important signs of the thought that has gone into the website involves the way in which the citable ?urls?, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 218.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(while inevitably a little long, at least provide a clear and logical description of the article to which they relate.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 34.016 204.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(1\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.016 203.091 m 48.008 203.091 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 178.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(These entries also come complete with their original footnotes, the reference numbers for which are )] TJ ET BT 34.016 163.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(hyperlinked for easy navigation within pages, and the content of which is made explicable by a guide to the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 149.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(History?s arcane abbreviations. Each entry also has links which enable readers to click through to other )] TJ ET BT 34.016 135.461 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(relevant sections of the site where they are mentioned, and to any other pages for MPs or constituencies that )] TJ ET BT 34.016 121.205 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(are mentioned in a particular entry. Readers of the constituency article for Glamorganshire in the early 16th )] TJ ET BT 34.016 106.949 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(century are thus offered a link to other constituencies in the same county \(Cardiff boroughs\), while people )] TJ ET BT 34.016 92.693 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(who are enthralled \(like me\) by the career of William Prynne will be able to click through to biographies like )] TJ ET BT 34.016 78.437 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(those of Sir William Waller, the MP who was famously tripped up by Prynne?s sword on the steps of the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 64.181 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Commons in 1660. Equally, those of a more methodical nature can also read this mass of data as if it were in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 49.925 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(printed form. The presence of a ?next? link enables biographies and constituencies to be read ?forwards? in )] TJ ET endstream endobj 16 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F4 /BaseFont /Times-BoldItalic /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 17 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 18 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 287.9837 765.1063 287.9837 765.1063 ] >> endobj 18 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.historyofparliamentonline.org/) >> endobj 19 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 20 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 287.9837 752.6215 455.3357 764.5015 ] >> endobj 20 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.historyofparliamentonline.org/) >> endobj 21 0 obj [14 0 R /Fit] endobj 22 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 23 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 34.0157 203.4055 48.0077 215.2855 ] >> endobj 23 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 24 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Contents 25 0 R >> endobj 25 0 obj << /Length 7274 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(strict order \(whether alphabetical for biographies, or within alphabetical counties for constituencies\), or even )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(backwards, with the help of the button marked ?previous?.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 755.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Beyond this, the site?s opening page also points readers towards sections called ?explore? and ?gallery?, as )] TJ ET BT 34.016 741.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(well as to one which provides further information about the Trust and its history. Each of these sections )] TJ ET BT 34.016 727.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(explains clearly and concisely what readers will find, and these too are easy to navigate. They also provide at )] TJ ET BT 34.016 713.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(least part of the key to the ?added value? that the site provides. ?Explore?, therefore, offers the chance to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 698.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(read a series of newly commissioned articles, which ?suggest ways of exploring the content of the History?, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 684.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and which have been written by experts both inside and outside the organisation. These can be accessed by )] TJ ET BT 34.016 670.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(one of two methods, either through a route marked ?period? \(?medieval?, ?Tudor?, ?modern? etc.\), or )] TJ ET BT 34.016 656.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(through one labelled ?theme? \(?politics?, ?economy?, ?diplomacy and war? etc.\). These essays are generally )] TJ ET BT 34.016 641.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(short and readable, and they are clearly aimed at a general audience. My own browsing, therefore, took me )] TJ ET BT 34.016 627.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(to fine little articles on ?The Independents and the Long Parliament, 1644?8? \(by David Scott\), on ?The Old )] TJ ET BT 34.016 613.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Palace of Westminster? \(by Stephen Farrell\), and on ?Fast sermons? \(by Vivienne Larminie\). In a variation )] TJ ET BT 34.016 599.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(on the idea of ?googling? one?s own name, I also revisited my own essay, on ?Publicising parliament in the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 584.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(seventeenth century?.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 558.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Yet further ?additionality? is to be found under the tab marked ?gallery?, which provides the site?s much )] TJ ET BT 34.016 544.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(needed visual element. This involves a range of pictures, under headings of ?members? \(portraits, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 530.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(alphabetically arranged\), ?constituencies? \(mostly maps\) and ?parliaments?, the latter of which has )] TJ ET BT 34.016 515.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(illustrations of parliamentary sessions and vivid election scenes. There is even one image of a curious )] TJ ET BT 34.016 501.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(parliamentary artefact: an 18th?century ceramic ?toasting? bowl from Wallington House, which bears the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 487.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(motto ?lett us drink success to Blackett and Fenwick?. This is accompanied, naturally enough, by links to the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 473.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(biographies of both men, as well as to the constituency for which they sat. In time, the aim is clearly to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 458.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(enhance both of these sections with even more specially written essays, not least on individual Parliaments, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 444.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(which will provide readers with still further material that cannot be found in the print volumes.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 418.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(There is much more to the site?s ?added value?, however, than merely the new material. There will be those )] TJ ET BT 34.016 404.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(who will welcome the ease with which browsing can take place across material that originally appeared in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 389.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(numerous volumes. Each constituency article, for example, contains a link to other similar entries relating to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 375.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(other periods, and this means that people who are so minded can read the history of a parliamentary borough )] TJ ET BT 34.016 361.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(like Bath from 1386 through to 1831. More obviously, however, the real benefit of the site comes from its )] TJ ET BT 34.016 347.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(capacity to be interrogated by means of word searches. One way in which this can be done involves a hi-tech )] TJ ET BT 34.016 332.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(randomised search facility on the front page. This kind of thing probably has a geeky name ? perhaps )] TJ ET BT 34.016 318.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(?haphazard word cloud? ? and it whizzes around when the cursor hovers over it, and directs the reader to any )] TJ ET BT 34.016 304.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(biography or constituency upon which they descend with the click of a mouse. I have to confess that it made )] TJ ET BT 34.016 290.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(me feel a little queasy, but the kids will probably love it. There is also another random element to the site, in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 275.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the form of ?feature? biographies, constituencies and essays, which obviously rotate every so often.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 249.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(For old-fashioned types, however, who have more purposeful searching in mind, there is also a more )] TJ ET BT 34.016 235.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(conventional ?search? box. My first search \(which probably reveals how sad I am\) was for ?Prynne?, and it )] TJ ET BT 34.016 220.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(produced 86 articles in which his name is mentioned. This is around 70 more than could be found by linking )] TJ ET BT 34.016 206.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(through from his biography. It transpires, therefore, that there is evidence about him in biographies of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 192.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Richard Dowdswell \(1601?73\) and Edward Turner \(1617?76\), as well as in the constituency article on )] TJ ET BT 34.016 178.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Wells, none of which are referred to in his own entry. Such searchability might help historians to overcome )] TJ ET BT 34.016 163.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the failure of the project to really offer an institutional analysis, and parliamentary historians might thus wish )] TJ ET BT 34.016 149.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(to pull together and extract evidence about topics like ?divisions? and ?impeachments?, and even election )] TJ ET BT 34.016 135.461 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(ballads. They could certainly find evidence about the Palace of Westminster, from the famous medieval Hall )] TJ ET BT 34.016 121.205 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(102 hits\) to the Painted Chamber. The latter turned up only five entries, although one of these ? a reference )] TJ ET BT 34.016 106.949 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(to Sir John Conway being reprimanded for late night revelry and dancing there in 1692 ? was certainly )] TJ ET BT 34.016 92.693 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(entertaining. Searches on my own areas of interest also revealed the logical thought which has gone into the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 78.437 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(site, and it came as something of a relief to discover that ?lobby? and ?lobbying? produced the same entries )] TJ ET BT 34.016 64.181 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(396 of them\).)] TJ ET endstream endobj 26 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Contents 27 0 R >> endobj 27 0 obj << /Length 7624 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 784.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Beyond this, however, the real area where the site adds value involves making the History?s material useful )] TJ ET BT 34.016 770.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(to those whose interests involve topics other than parliament, its MPs, and their constituencies. This was )] TJ ET BT 34.016 755.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(always true to some extent, of course, not least because many members had \(more\) interesting lives outside )] TJ ET BT 34.016 741.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Parliament, from Dick Whittington to Geoffrey Chaucer and William Wilberforce. Now, however, it would )] TJ ET BT 34.016 727.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(be nice to think that this site will attract many more people, including those who would not instinctively )] TJ ET BT 34.016 713.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(think of the History as a project which enhances our knowledge of, say, William Shakespeare. That it indeed )] TJ ET BT 34.016 698.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(does, even if perhaps only in small ways, through biographies of men like William Gardiner \(1531?97\), the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 684.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(?common wrangler? who once quarrelled with the bard, and who may have been the role model for Justice )] TJ ET BT 34.016 670.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Shallow in )] TJ ET BT 88.688 670.421 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The Merry Wives of Windsor)] TJ ET BT 227.336 670.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 644.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(My own fascination with early modern print culture led me to try out the term ?Gazette?, which produced )] TJ ET BT 34.016 629.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(484 references. Most of these merely involved its use as a source, but some of them also provided )] TJ ET BT 34.016 615.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(fascinating examples of the newspaper as an historical topic. In 1704, for example, Charles Bertie made )] TJ ET BT 34.016 601.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(enquiries about having an address from the town of Stamford inserted into the official newspaper after the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 587.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(battle of Blenheim, explaining that ?we long to see ourselves in print?. Other historians might choose to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 572.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(revisit the issue of ?riots? \(433 articles\), or ?divorce? \(174\) or indeed the ?duel? \(303\). Not all of these )] TJ ET BT 34.016 558.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(involved MPs as culprits, of course, although it would certainly be possible to research those in the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 544.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Commons who were mad, bad, and dangerous to know. These included Alexander Grant, whose last known )] TJ ET BT 34.016 530.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(trace involved being held under restraint in Bedlam in 1717, railing about William, Lord Cadogan. They also )] TJ ET BT 34.016 515.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(include a ?pretty young fellow? like Richard Liddell, who was not just MP for Bossiney in the 1740s, but )] TJ ET BT 34.016 501.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(also a serial adulterer, who was once caught )] TJ ET BT 248.288 501.605 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(in flagrante delicto)] TJ ET BT 340.292 501.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( with Lady Abergavenny, and who was )] TJ ET BT 34.016 487.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(forced to pay her cuckolded husband 10,000 in damages. And, perhaps best of all, they include a man who )] TJ ET BT 34.016 473.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(once sat as MP for Newcastle-under-Lyme in the early 15th century, but who was much more interesting for )] TJ ET BT 34.016 458.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(being involved with a ?notorious gang of ruffians? who were indicted for murder. His name, amazingly )] TJ ET BT 34.016 444.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(enough, was John Hardhead.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 418.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(This impressive search facility ? which will enable new needles to emerge from the History?s bountiful )] TJ ET BT 34.016 404.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(haystack for years to come ? even makes it possible to search for more than one term at a time. Given recent )] TJ ET BT 34.016 389.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(historiographical fascination with the ?public sphere?, therefore, it might be interesting to know that, while )] TJ ET BT 34.016 375.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(there are 484 references to the )] TJ ET BT 181.952 375.557 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Gazette)] TJ ET BT 218.612 375.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( and 276 to ?newspaper?, as well as 104 to ?coffee? and 38 to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 361.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(?coffeehouse?, there are ten articles that combine ?coffee? with gazette, and two that refer to ?coffeehouse? )] TJ ET BT 34.016 347.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and ?newspaper?. This may be fewer than Habermas would have expected. Of course, there are limits to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 332.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(such composite searches \(using three terms did not seem to work\), just as there are limits to the functionality )] TJ ET BT 34.016 318.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of the site in general. Searching for ?weavers? \(337 hits\) threw out a lot of references to people with the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 304.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(name ?Weaver?, and there is no facility for narrowing searches by time period. It is perhaps not that helpful )] TJ ET BT 34.016 290.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(for anyone who is interested in petitioning during the medieval period to discover over 5,000 entries for their )] TJ ET BT 34.016 275.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(chosen subject, most of which refer to more recent parliaments.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 249.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Other glitches seem to involve minor technical issues. The requisite links, for example, are not all in place. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 235.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Thus, while the list of secretaries of state from the late 17th century provides links to the biographies of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 220.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(those who sat as MPs, no such links exist for those who are named on a list of men who chaired )] TJ ET BT 34.016 206.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Parliament?s Committee of Privileges. Similarly, biographical entries permit readers to click through to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 192.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(articles about the constituencies for which they sat from the ?cursus?, but the same cannot be done to jump )] TJ ET BT 34.016 178.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(from constituency articles to their MPs. Beyond this, search results do not appear in any very obvious order, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 163.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and they also merely serve to identify the individual biographies, constituencies, or survey sections in which )] TJ ET BT 34.016 149.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(they appear. Many such entries are long, and, unlike )] TJ ET BT 287.960 149.717 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(British History Online)] TJ ET BT 395.300 149.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, the search facility does not )] TJ ET BT 34.016 135.461 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(guide the reader to the specific citation within an individual page. However, such problems are relatively )] TJ ET BT 34.016 121.205 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(minor, and some of them will probably be fixed in due course. Indeed, readers are reminded that ?work is )] TJ ET BT 34.016 106.949 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(still underway on checking and cleaning the data that has been transferred into the website from a number of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 92.693 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(sources?, and that ?the current version of the site is still provisional?. In the section on FAQs, indeed, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 78.437 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(readers are even provided with an address to which factual corrections can be sent, although they are also )] TJ ET BT 34.016 64.181 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(warned that any changes that are found to be necessary might take a while to appear!)] TJ ET endstream endobj 28 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 30 0 R 32 0 R 34 0 R 36 0 R ] /Contents 29 0 R >> endobj 29 0 obj << /Length 3806 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 784.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(In short, the History of Parliament Online admirably overcomes the key problems with the printed volumes. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 770.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Its output has gone from being expensive and unwieldy to free and usable. The site is clear and logical, and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 755.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(also bright and colourful, and the aim genuinely seems to have been to produce something which will not )] TJ ET BT 34.016 741.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(only be valuable to academics, but also attractive to the general reader and enthusiastic amateur, whatever )] TJ ET BT 34.016 727.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(their historical interest might be. The first of these goals is easier to achieve, and a whole new generation of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 713.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(scholars will be grateful for having so much great research dumped into a website. The second is more of a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 698.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(challenge, but one to which the History has risen with admirable skill, and the site does a good job of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 684.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(offering guidance and explanations, in terms of explaining what can be found where, how the material was )] TJ ET BT 34.016 670.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(produced, and what readers can expect from a biography or a constituency article. If the History?s research )] TJ ET BT 34.016 656.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(output was being assessed by the government alongside other academic departments, this would now be )] TJ ET BT 34.016 641.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(called ?impact?, but since this is presumably not the case, perhaps we can revert to an older and nobler name )] TJ ET BT 34.016 627.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(for what this site represents: a public good. Indeed, given that there is so much duff information out there in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 613.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the ether \(even if Wikipedia is now more trustworthy than it once was\), such an ?authoritative? resource is )] TJ ET BT 34.016 599.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(all the more valuable. It probably won?t get as many ?hits? as ancestry.com, or make the History of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 584.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Parliament a household name, but it might just encourage people to rummage in its haystacks.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 549.987 Td /F3 18.0 Tf [(Notes)] TJ ET BT 48.816 519.370 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(1.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 519.365 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(For example, <)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 137.108 519.365 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.historyofparliamentonline.org/volume/1660-1690/member/prynne-william-)] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 137.108 517.971 m 557.084 517.971 l S BT 64.016 505.109 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(1602-69)] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 64.016 503.715 m 104.012 503.715 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 107.012 505.109 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([3])] TJ ET BT 121.004 505.109 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(> [accessed 31 May 2012].)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 250.736 505.109 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(1\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 250.736 503.715 m 304.724 503.715 l S 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.391 488.383 526.499 1.500 re S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 470.603 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Source URL:)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 104.672 470.603 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/review/1267)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 104.672 469.209 m 328.316 469.209 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 444.232 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Links:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 429.832 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([1] http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/item/19978)] TJ ET BT 34.016 415.432 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([2] http://www.historyofparliamentonline.org/)] TJ ET BT 34.016 401.032 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([3] http://www.historyofparliamentonline.org/volume/1660-1690/member/prynne-william-1602-69)] TJ ET endstream endobj 30 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 31 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 137.1077 518.2855 557.0837 530.1655 ] >> endobj 31 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.historyofparliamentonline.org/volume/1660-1690/member/prynne-william-1602-69) >> endobj 32 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 33 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 64.0157 504.0295 104.0117 515.9095 ] >> endobj 33 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.historyofparliamentonline.org/volume/1660-1690/member/prynne-william-1602-69) >> endobj 34 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 35 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 250.7357 504.0295 304.7237 515.9095 ] >> endobj 35 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /GoTo /D 21 0 R >> endobj 36 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 37 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 104.6717 469.5235 328.3157 481.4035 ] >> endobj 37 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/review/1267) >> endobj xref 0 38 0000000000 65535 f 0000000008 00000 n 0000000073 00000 n 0000000119 00000 n 0000000360 00000 n 0000000397 00000 n 0000000553 00000 n 0000000635 00000 n 0000005671 00000 n 0000005780 00000 n 0000005890 00000 n 0000005999 00000 n 0000009560 00000 n 0000009688 00000 n 0000009772 00000 n 0000009870 00000 n 0000017834 00000 n 0000017949 00000 n 0000018077 00000 n 0000018170 00000 n 0000018298 00000 n 0000018391 00000 n 0000018421 00000 n 0000018547 00000 n 0000018583 00000 n 0000018648 00000 n 0000025975 00000 n 0000026040 00000 n 0000033717 00000 n 0000033822 00000 n 0000037681 00000 n 0000037809 00000 n 0000037948 00000 n 0000038075 00000 n 0000038214 00000 n 0000038342 00000 n 0000038397 00000 n 0000038525 00000 n trailer << /Size 38 /Root 1 0 R /Info 5 0 R >> startxref 38621 %%EOF