%PDF-1.3 1 0 obj << /Type /Catalog /Outlines 2 0 R /Pages 3 0 R >> endobj 2 0 obj << /Type /Outlines /Count 0 >> endobj 3 0 obj << /Type /Pages /Kids [6 0 R 17 0 R 19 0 R 24 0 R ] /Count 4 /Resources << /ProcSet 4 0 R /Font << /F1 8 0 R /F2 9 0 R /F3 10 0 R >> /XObject << /I1 11 0 R >> >> /MediaBox [0.000 0.000 595.280 841.890] >> endobj 4 0 obj [/PDF /Text /ImageC ] endobj 5 0 obj << /Creator (DOMPDF) /CreationDate (D:20141001013939+01'00') /ModDate (D:20141001013939+01'00') /Title (German Colonialism. A Short History) >> endobj 6 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 12 0 R 15 0 R ] /Contents 7 0 R >> endobj 7 0 obj << /Length 4545 >> stream q 381.750 0 0 120.000 34.016 687.874 cm /I1 Do Q 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Published on )] TJ ET BT 99.356 676.469 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Reviews in History)] TJ ET BT 190.016 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \()] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 197.012 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 197.012 675.075 m 357.332 675.075 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 357.332 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\))] TJ ET 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.391 653.743 526.499 1.500 re S BT 34.016 615.321 Td /F3 18.0 Tf [(German Colonialism. A Short History)] TJ ET BT 34.016 273.323 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(This is an excellent overview of German colonialism, constructed with some skill from the scholarship on )] TJ ET BT 34.016 259.067 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the colonies, and shaped also by the wider debate on European colonialism and its legacies. It is the best )] TJ ET BT 34.016 244.811 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(survey of the subject in English to date, and will be welcomed by students and scholars alike. The breadth of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 230.555 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the discussion marks this book out as a particularly valuable addition to the existing literature, and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 216.299 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(distinguishes it from other textbooks on the topic such as Horst Grnder?s, )] TJ ET BT 396.320 216.299 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Geschichte der deutschen )] TJ ET BT 34.016 202.043 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Kolonien)] TJ ET BT 78.020 202.043 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, now in its fifth edition, and, more recently, Winfried Speitkamp, )] TJ ET BT 396.656 202.043 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Deutsche Kolonialgeschichte)] TJ ET BT 536.972 202.043 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 187.787 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Gisela Graichen and Horst Grnder, )] TJ ET BT 210.632 187.787 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Deutsche Kolonien. Traum und Trauma)] TJ ET BT 402.296 187.787 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, although these remain useful )] TJ ET BT 34.016 173.531 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(texts.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 59.684 173.531 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(1\))] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 59.684 172.137 m 73.676 172.137 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 147.275 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(It is, above all, an extremely wide-ranging synthesis. While its focus is upon the relatively short history of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 133.019 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Germany?s relationship with its protectorates \(1884?1919\), the author also draws on a looser definition of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 118.763 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(?German colonialism? to bring in discussion of the ?pre-colonial fantasies and projects? associated with )] TJ ET BT 34.016 104.507 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(these and other overseas territories, and German interaction with other European colonial possessions. He is )] TJ ET BT 34.016 90.251 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(also concerned with the relationship between overseas conquest and policy at home, drawing our attention to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 75.995 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the quasi-colonial policies adopted by German governments towards Polish speakers inside )] TJ ET BT 475.628 75.995 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Reich)] TJ ET BT 502.952 75.995 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( borders, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 61.739 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(but also, in another example, to the overlapping agendas of Protestant missionaries overseas and the so-)] TJ ET BT 34.016 584.699 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Review Number:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 570.443 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(1268)] TJ ET BT 34.016 556.187 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publish date:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 541.931 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Wednesday, 20 June, 2012)] TJ ET BT 34.016 527.675 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Author:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 513.419 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Sebastian Conrad)] TJ ET BT 34.016 499.163 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(ISBN:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 484.907 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(9781107008144)] TJ ET BT 34.016 470.651 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Date of Publication:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 456.395 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(2011)] TJ ET BT 34.016 442.139 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Price:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 427.883 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(45.00)] TJ ET BT 34.016 413.627 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Pages:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 399.371 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(246pp.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 385.115 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publisher:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 370.859 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Cambridge University Press)] TJ ET BT 34.016 356.603 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publisher url:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 342.347 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Place of Publication:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 328.091 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Cambridge)] TJ ET BT 34.016 313.835 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Reviewer:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 299.579 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Simon Constantine)] TJ ET endstream endobj 8 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F1 /BaseFont /Times-Roman /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 9 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F2 /BaseFont /Times-Italic /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 10 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F3 /BaseFont /Times-Bold /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 11 0 obj << /Type /XObject /Subtype /Image /Width 509 /Height 160 /Filter /FlateDecode /DecodeParms << /Predictor 15 /Colors 3 /Columns 509 /BitsPerComponent 8>> /Mask [ 255 255 255 255 255 255 ] /ColorSpace /DeviceRGB /BitsPerComponent 8 /Length 3280>> stream x[EQ㎦fVttҒ +3O{?lGDQԯDrB^.ϯ%~'0۠/2>0AG_>0j0GCfE67>rB^}@  !&y+r?INp:erc b8f=rQC!~-Wf^^zF[)G 2ޯe7V_Go3Ke GEGOo8rώ#\1ZY~N6^H}yLxS-!:412V+u\-LSO?xVvZ|GjǮT_8EYJF=Tw^ 7GxfN/S:Ʌ~ʟtt?5n÷J'JcF-GVξx{rO~tJd;#a\7}|~y'>}c2C vR}f׈**h.)_&@pfzjsx:5;S\vKhM5j=!Cn+h"u]a EUN]jn=k<,:Ք>sU!ni~6EJ)¦72?G}[y}_vc$t?iSܟ2Zݞ,VN?_`='RFK1A2qv&X_lLRWY'%:I㢖zb_UEx\>&ɆBˏ~K@ \gYØU4}$8Dv!'Q'*+Εj(UCGo[#< 2Ja(sZi9fZKE Rn`u\9r^Zmɯ׹}mstO4uc~#'jEvۼ Dx[z ޏQ4KL5,5u3>i^uÒ-53ba ~,~/pyt1fMU'CVm:qv~=Y'Es"WsφG?l_kN5}],Ow7 uh`xƫ?zMl7ٻv$A(4Dl(wwH} ?=[=S;yC]^BK>㕪9`Z'Wj;E|:bf>kCԘ#RY,iv쵗~}n'"1u" *uO΄/2^Sxr(!/DD\~mJyZ!MmrA!#u[if|99WB WΡpp}w}sh#,\ &:%˳X?D3 %W0cC?o̲^} F3XLVn]Cߖiϧ!7}yZJ#P7]=)7Ρp;>> Ye^xx{Oafw{ ;>4gfLt ʊ:q%#r/)pv!O4wGh|dS ӣݽހ-gVUC'pBxrB^} 7JA^} /'8!`:r?}}],X  }6y!`/~Br?}Q< >k7vx"] ,' .3jn{-i}|~%-};b6#U)7繎kiEw 㤳:E}[޼c"rꬊ7Dc$~"/Y&zSd:tFȌCrʙ`7u .#[-<)j ?TGS(j~oTup(hjU4PlJ=}|it.ҽ@\wʨuXÞZcx18Wo<~ikOg,ވ\^?EneyZcc0[R١z|zv7_m:_n]a?osS3~j^ hD.a_X'KfBX6w wݶ"Oa:,bvhrWH[uCF-Xfc}>x+Rz)2N-B 7y^٨;[/vg? | |2Sve}=o䑰j[vWjF0{굦?VI~}xM(_TlG__+]:#к?S} c>GŸD7 !w{S{B =x7a?oE#)+Gz:o_4Q<;n?\tt7?mGCџQGu4kņOF>F?#} hP&ђߴM#u!.СtL2^#o nIk_i.~7tr@n 1P~3?.[]=S5b߮~Yo^HFH YBi8a4iom>CKgMy*;?zqEӕ` >zB9iFzC?XF?ޟIܰ펉A}{I5ᄊx%ez#Mp@rߎpi]IOVjzuJt\۰f׺u5><,J~PTJp1)}){9N {!`/> endstream endobj 12 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 13 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 197.0117 675.3895 357.3317 687.2695 ] >> endobj 13 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews) >> endobj 14 0 obj [6 0 R /Fit] endobj 15 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 16 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 59.6837 172.4515 73.6757 184.3315 ] >> endobj 16 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 17 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Contents 18 0 R >> endobj 18 0 obj << /Length 7516 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(called ?Inner Mission? in Germany, in particular their efforts to reform both ?naturally work-averse? African )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(subjects and those deemed ?workshy? at home. This willingness to examine linkages between the immediate )] TJ ET BT 34.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(area under observation and developments elsewhere is consistent with the transnational and comparative )] TJ ET BT 34.016 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(approach Conrad has adopted in his own research on Germany and Japan, and is one of the things which )] TJ ET BT 34.016 739.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(makes the book such an interesting read. The final chapter here, on the ways in which Germany?s colonial )] TJ ET BT 34.016 725.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(past has been remembered, also reflects both the author?s expertise, and the current \(though now well-)] TJ ET BT 34.016 710.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(established\) interest in commemoration and memory.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 684.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(First published as )] TJ ET BT 121.688 684.677 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Deutsche Kolonialgeschichte)] TJ ET BT 262.004 684.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( in 2008, )] TJ ET BT 307.340 684.677 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(German Colonialism)] TJ ET BT 408.344 684.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( is actually much improved in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 670.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(its new, English form. Unlike the original stripped-down German edition, it is now referenced, and there is )] TJ ET BT 34.016 656.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(also both a fuller and annotated bibliography, and \(like Grnder?s book\) it now contains a proper index ? a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 641.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(significant improvement on the short list of place names in the Beck edition. The text, expertly translated by )] TJ ET BT 34.016 627.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Sorcha O?Hagan throughout, has also been re-worked and extended in several places. It now includes, for )] TJ ET BT 34.016 613.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(example, an additional opening section flagging up those aspects of German colonialism which )] TJ ET BT 34.016 599.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(distinguished it from that of its European rivals, and also those which were significant given Germany?s )] TJ ET BT 34.016 584.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(subsequent history of violent conquest in the 20th century, \(a subject tackled in greater depth in chapter ten, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 570.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(where the author examines the extent to which it is accurate and helpful to view colonial conquest as a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 556.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(precursor to Nazism\). The overview of the individual colonial territorial possessions provided in chapter four )] TJ ET BT 34.016 542.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(has also been extended, now containing additional, useful biographical information on key figures, and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 527.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(further information on the history of these territories before and after the period of German control.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 501.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The English edition also benefits from the addition of maps, and a large number of illustrations. These )] TJ ET BT 34.016 487.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(provide a fascinating and often shocking visual accompaniment to the text. They include cartoons from )] TJ ET BT 34.016 473.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(contemporary German satirical publications, along with pictures and photographs which record, amongst )] TJ ET BT 34.016 458.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(other things, visual symbols of oppression like the identification tags worn by Africans in German South )] TJ ET BT 34.016 444.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(West Africa after 1907, or which otherwise illustrate the pitiless nature of much of German conquest. One )] TJ ET BT 34.016 430.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(photograph shows workers in Togo harnessed to cotton wagons in place of draft animals, which, Conrad )] TJ ET BT 34.016 416.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(tells us, were difficult to keep alive in the climate here. Another photograph, taken in the Omaheke desert in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 401.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(1905, which captures the stares of a group of emaciated Herero, also stands out, as does a contemporary )] TJ ET BT 34.016 387.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(illustration of German soldiers packing the skulls of ?hanged? and ?fallen? Herero women into crates, prior )] TJ ET BT 34.016 373.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(to their transportation back to Germany for the research of phrenologists.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 347.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The inclusion of such images reflects Conrad?s concern to give proper weight to the violence which )] TJ ET BT 34.016 332.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(underpinned colonialism. This was, of course, chiefly apparent in the three major colonial wars which )] TJ ET BT 34.016 318.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Germans prosecuted: The Boxer Rebellion in China, where German troops perpetrated numerous massacres, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 304.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the genocide in German South-West Africa \(1904?7\), thought to have reduced the Herero population from )] TJ ET BT 34.016 290.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(80,000 to 15,000, and the Nama from 20,000 to about half that number, and the Maji Maji war \(1905?8\), the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 275.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(suppression of rebellions in East Africa that developed from a religious awakening, partly based on a cult )] TJ ET BT 34.016 261.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(worship of water \()] TJ ET BT 122.324 261.509 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Maji)] TJ ET BT 144.992 261.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( in Swahili\). Estimates put the number of African dead at as many as 300,000 here, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 247.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(most a result of the famine caused by the destruction of fields in the war.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 220.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(As the author makes clear, however, the periods before these catastrophes were scarcely peaceful. Some 63 )] TJ ET BT 34.016 206.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(?penal expeditions? were launched between 1891 and1897 to suppress non-compliant Africans in the interior )] TJ ET BT 34.016 192.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of colonies, and violence was also very much present in everyday colonial relations, evident, in particular, in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 178.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the ubiquitous recourse to corporal punishment as a medium of discipline. Africans were beaten for a range )] TJ ET BT 34.016 163.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of offences, and for as little as showing disobedience towards their masters, or for breaking contract ? which )] TJ ET BT 34.016 149.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(including leaving work without permission or failing to arrive when required. The threat and regular use of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 135.461 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(violence was, therefore, also central to the colonial economy, and specifically, to German attempts to secure )] TJ ET BT 34.016 121.205 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(a reliable labour supply.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 94.949 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(In chapter six Conrad looks at the colonial economy in greater depth, here again emphasising the destructive )] TJ ET BT 34.016 80.693 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(nature of German policy, and the conflict it generated. Where German efforts went into growing crops on )] TJ ET BT 34.016 66.437 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(plantations for export, fertile land was seized without regard to existing patterns of landownership. In )] TJ ET BT 34.016 52.181 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Cameroon, for example, local Duala were moved to make way for cocoa plantations, ?a process of violent )] TJ ET endstream endobj 19 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 22 0 R ] /Contents 20 0 R >> endobj 20 0 obj << /Length 6126 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(dispossession which resulted in massive resistance?. Plantations also required large workforces, and, as local )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(populations proved unwilling, administrations could only meet the demand for labour by introducing various )] TJ ET BT 34.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(forms of compulsion, including taxes designed to drive natives to wage labour, and stricter contractual )] TJ ET BT 34.016 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(regulations. Both were a major source of unrest everywhere, and have been identified as a chief cause of the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 739.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(uprising in East Africa. Here, and especially in Germany?s pacific colonies, Samoa and New Guinea, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 725.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(indentured workers from Asia were also imported to try and solve the issue of labour supply, although the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 710.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(brutal treatment meted out to these people meant it became increasingly difficult to recruit such workers, and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 696.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the practice was eventually discontinued. As Conrad reminds us, exploitation of this kind made some firms )] TJ ET BT 34.016 682.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and their shareholders a great deal of money, but, party because of the cost of suppressing rebellion, ?for the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 668.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(German state, the colonial empire was a loss maker?.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 641.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Conrad shows that economic policy had ?drastic effects on local societies?. Equally, however, he also points )] TJ ET BT 34.016 627.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(out that many native inhabitants continued to live their lives with little or no involvement in the colonial )] TJ ET BT 34.016 613.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(market economy. It seems this was a reflection of the limited presence of German business in these )] TJ ET BT 34.016 599.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(territories, and indeed of the limited reach of the colonial administrations themselves. Especially in the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 584.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(interior of the colonies, away from the major coastal settlements, control could only be exerted at isolated )] TJ ET BT 34.016 570.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(points. As late as 1903, he tells us, there were only 30 stations and military posts across the vast territory of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 556.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(German East Africa, and, in many cases, personnel here were ?almost helpless? to direct events in the areas )] TJ ET BT 34.016 542.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(around them. In many areas, therefore, German ?rule? required the cooperation of local and regional power )] TJ ET BT 34.016 527.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(holders, or, in its weakest form, such as in northern Cameroon, more closely resembled a form of co-)] TJ ET BT 34.016 513.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(existence with existing local rule. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 487.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(As previous reviewers have noted )] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 199.640 487.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(2\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 199.640 485.955 m 213.632 485.955 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 213.632 487.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, )] TJ ET BT 219.632 487.349 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(German Colonialism)] TJ ET BT 320.636 487.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( illustrates the value of a variety of theoretical )] TJ ET BT 34.016 473.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(approaches in illuminating aspects of colonial history. For instance, Conrad draws on Stuart Hall?s term )] TJ ET BT 34.016 458.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(?double inscription? to investigate both the colonial re-ordering of life in Africa and the Pacific, and the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 444.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(different ways the colonial encounter shaped the society of Wilhelmine Germany. Here the author draws our )] TJ ET BT 34.016 430.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(attention to the immense popularity of ethnographic spectacles, such as the )] TJ ET BT 396.632 430.325 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Vlkerschauen)] TJ ET BT 467.948 430.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(?people shows?\) )] TJ ET BT 34.016 416.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(organised by Carl Hagenbeck, who began importing native people for display alongside animals in zoos, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 401.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(partly to compensate for the diminished profits to be made from exotic animals alone. At the Colonial )] TJ ET BT 34.016 387.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(exhibition in 1896, which attracted some seven million visitors, over a hundred African people were )] TJ ET BT 34.016 373.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(exhibited in this way. With reference to Chatterjee?s ?rule of colonial difference?, and in a particularly clear )] TJ ET BT 34.016 359.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and concise way, he also explores the various ?policies of differentiation? employed by colonizers to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 344.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(?uphold, and guarantee the line between colonizer and colonized?, something that was crucial to the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 330.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(preservation of the distinction between civilized Europeans on the one hand, and ?backward? colonized )] TJ ET BT 34.016 316.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(peoples on the other, a dichotomy that remained fundamental to the colonial project as a whole. In this )] TJ ET BT 34.016 302.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(context Conrad highlights the introduction of separate legal codes for Europeans and colonized peoples, and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 287.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(also the allocation of separate living space, the latter endeavour most fully realised in Qingdao in the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 273.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(German Colony of Kiaochow in China. Here, after wiping nine existing settlements from the map, the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 259.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(German administration built a model, planned city, which reflected the social order envisaged in the colony: )] TJ ET BT 34.016 244.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Europeans were given residence in the heart of the city, while the Chinese population were designated living )] TJ ET BT 34.016 230.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(areas on its periphery.)] TJ ET endstream endobj 21 0 obj [19 0 R /Fit] endobj 22 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 23 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 199.6397 486.2695 213.6317 498.1495 ] >> endobj 23 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 24 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 26 0 R 28 0 R 30 0 R 32 0 R 34 0 R 36 0 R ] /Contents 25 0 R >> endobj 25 0 obj << /Length 6581 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 784.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Conrad suggests that efforts to underscore distinction were partly driven by fears that the line between )] TJ ET BT 34.016 770.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(colonizer and colonized could become blurred, both because the civilizing mission itself, through conversion )] TJ ET BT 34.016 755.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and re-education, entailed a partial Europeanization of subject populations, and because colonizers )] TJ ET BT 34.016 741.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(themselves might , in contemporary parlance, become ?Kaffirized?, or ?go native?. As one might expect, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 727.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(marriages between German men and native women were identified as a major problem, and in fact \(unique )] TJ ET BT 34.016 713.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(to the German case\) in German South West Africa, German East Africa, and Samoa, they were eventually )] TJ ET BT 34.016 698.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(banned, although ?prohibition? was interpreted in different ways in each colony. In German South West )] TJ ET BT 34.016 684.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Africa it was implemented in a strict fashion, and even applied retrospectively. In Samoa, by contrast, mixed )] TJ ET BT 34.016 670.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(couples could apply on the basis of language proficiency to be recognized as culturally German, and, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 656.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(generally speaking, in the Pacific territories, living with native women was widely accepted. In New Guinea, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 641.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the Governor himself, Albert Hahl, married and had a child with his Tolai wife. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 615.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(From Conrad?s final chapter on memory, we can gather that German society has not yet acquired a proper )] TJ ET BT 34.016 601.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(understanding of its colonial past. He points to a general lack of critical reflection, apparent in the decision )] TJ ET BT 34.016 587.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(to construct an ?African Village? \(complete with real people\) in Augsburg zoo in 2005 ? a throwback to the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 572.885 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Vlkerschauen)] TJ ET BT 105.332 572.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( of the colonial era ? and to the retention of street names associated with notorious colonial )] TJ ET BT 34.016 558.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(figures \(such as Petersallee in Hamburg\), in a country where, because of re-naming under and after Nazism, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 544.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(or, in the East, under and after Nazism )] TJ ET BT 221.972 544.373 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(and)] TJ ET BT 239.972 544.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( Communism, these have often been changed. As the author )] TJ ET BT 34.016 530.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(makes clear, a wider acceptance of the brutal nature of German colonial conquest has also been hindered )] TJ ET BT 34.016 515.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(because the German government continues to refuse to issue a formal apology for the genocide of the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 501.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Herero, and to pay reparations to their descendents.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 466.707 Td /F3 18.0 Tf [(Notes)] TJ ET BT 48.816 436.090 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(1.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 436.085 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Horst Grnder, )] TJ ET BT 139.664 436.085 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Geschichte der deutschen Kolonien)] TJ ET BT 309.968 436.085 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(Paderborn, fp. 1985\); Winfried Speitkamp, )] TJ ET BT 64.016 421.829 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Deutsche Kolonialgeschichte)] TJ ET BT 204.332 421.829 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(Stuttgart, 2005\); Gisela Graichen and Horst Grnder, )] TJ ET BT 469.616 421.829 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Deutsche )] TJ ET BT 64.016 407.573 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Kolonien. Traum und Trauma)] TJ ET BT 208.028 407.573 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(Leipzig, 2007\).)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 288.680 407.573 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(1\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 288.680 406.179 m 342.668 406.179 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 48.816 393.322 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(2.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 393.317 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Silke Hensel, ?Review of Sebastian Conrad, )] TJ ET BT 279.320 393.317 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Deutsche Kolonialgeschichte)] TJ ET BT 419.636 393.317 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(?, )] TJ ET BT 431.636 393.317 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(H-Soz-u-Kult, H-Net )] TJ ET BT 64.016 379.061 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Reviews)] TJ ET BT 103.340 379.061 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(February2009\) <)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 191.420 379.061 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.h-net.org/reviews/showrev.php?id=24208)] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 191.420 377.667 m 449.828 377.667 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 452.828 379.061 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([2])] TJ ET BT 466.820 379.061 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(> [accessed 1 June )] TJ ET BT 64.016 364.805 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(2012].)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 95.012 364.805 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(2\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 95.012 363.411 m 149.000 363.411 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 338.549 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The author is happy to accept this review and does not wish to comment further.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 312.293 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Other reviews:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 298.037 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(London Review of Books)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 34.016 283.781 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.lrb.co.uk/v34/n03/richard-j-evans/gruesomeness-is-my-policy)] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.016 282.387 m 388.976 282.387 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 391.976 283.781 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([3])] TJ ET BT 34.016 269.525 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Africa is a Country)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 34.016 255.269 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://africasacountry.com/2012/04/10/germanys-namibian-legacy/)] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.016 253.875 m 355.640 253.875 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 358.640 255.269 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([4])] TJ ET 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.391 250.543 526.499 1.500 re S BT 34.016 232.763 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Source URL:)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 104.672 232.763 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/review/1268)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 104.672 231.369 m 328.316 231.369 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 206.392 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Links:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 191.992 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([1] http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/item/20905)] TJ ET BT 34.016 177.592 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([2] http://www.h-net.org/reviews/showrev.php?id=24208)] TJ ET BT 34.016 163.192 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([3] http://www.lrb.co.uk/v34/n03/richard-j-evans/gruesomeness-is-my-policy)] TJ ET BT 34.016 148.792 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([4] http://africasacountry.com/2012/04/10/germanys-namibian-legacy/)] TJ ET endstream endobj 26 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 27 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 288.6797 406.4935 342.6677 418.3735 ] >> endobj 27 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /GoTo /D 14 0 R >> endobj 28 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 29 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 191.4197 377.9815 449.8277 389.8615 ] >> endobj 29 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.h-net.org/reviews/showrev.php?id=24208) >> endobj 30 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 31 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 95.0117 363.7255 148.9997 375.6055 ] >> endobj 31 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /GoTo /D 21 0 R >> endobj 32 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 33 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 34.0157 282.7015 388.9757 294.5815 ] >> endobj 33 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.lrb.co.uk/v34/n03/richard-j-evans/gruesomeness-is-my-policy) >> endobj 34 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 35 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 34.0157 254.1895 355.6397 266.0695 ] >> endobj 35 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://africasacountry.com/2012/04/10/germanys-namibian-legacy/) >> endobj 36 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 37 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 104.6717 231.6835 328.3157 243.5635 ] >> endobj 37 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/review/1268) >> endobj xref 0 38 0000000000 65535 f 0000000008 00000 n 0000000073 00000 n 0000000119 00000 n 0000000342 00000 n 0000000379 00000 n 0000000538 00000 n 0000000627 00000 n 0000005224 00000 n 0000005333 00000 n 0000005443 00000 n 0000005552 00000 n 0000009113 00000 n 0000009241 00000 n 0000009325 00000 n 0000009354 00000 n 0000009480 00000 n 0000009516 00000 n 0000009581 00000 n 0000017150 00000 n 0000017234 00000 n 0000023413 00000 n 0000023443 00000 n 0000023571 00000 n 0000023607 00000 n 0000023726 00000 n 0000030360 00000 n 0000030488 00000 n 0000030543 00000 n 0000030671 00000 n 0000030772 00000 n 0000030899 00000 n 0000030954 00000 n 0000031081 00000 n 0000031203 00000 n 0000031330 00000 n 0000031445 00000 n 0000031573 00000 n trailer << /Size 38 /Root 1 0 R /Info 5 0 R >> startxref 31669 %%EOF