%PDF-1.3 1 0 obj << /Type /Catalog /Outlines 2 0 R /Pages 3 0 R >> endobj 2 0 obj << /Type /Outlines /Count 0 >> endobj 3 0 obj << /Type /Pages /Kids [6 0 R 17 0 R 28 0 R 39 0 R 56 0 R 103 0 R ] /Count 6 /Resources << /ProcSet 4 0 R /Font << /F1 8 0 R /F2 9 0 R /F3 10 0 R >> /XObject << /I1 11 0 R >> >> /MediaBox [0.000 0.000 595.280 841.890] >> endobj 4 0 obj [/PDF /Text /ImageC ] endobj 5 0 obj << /Creator (DOMPDF) /CreationDate (D:20140728081951+01'00') /ModDate (D:20140728081951+01'00') /Title (A Social History of Knowledge. Volume II: From the Encyclopdie to Wikipedia) >> endobj 6 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 12 0 R 15 0 R ] /Contents 7 0 R >> endobj 7 0 obj << /Length 4417 >> stream q 381.750 0 0 120.000 34.016 687.874 cm /I1 Do Q 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Published on )] TJ ET BT 99.356 676.469 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Reviews in History)] TJ ET BT 190.016 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \()] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 197.012 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 197.012 675.075 m 357.332 675.075 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 357.332 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\))] TJ ET 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.391 653.743 526.499 1.500 re S BT 34.016 615.321 Td /F3 18.0 Tf [(A Social History of Knowledge. Volume II: From the Encyclopdie )] TJ ET BT 34.016 593.937 Td /F3 18.0 Tf [(to Wikipedia)] TJ ET BT 34.016 251.939 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(?I wish I knew a history was a history,? remarks Gertrude Stein in )] TJ ET BT 354.620 251.939 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(A Geographical History of America)] TJ ET BT 526.604 251.939 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(. That )] TJ ET BT 34.016 237.683 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(might be because ?history is the state of confusion between anybody doing anything and anything )] TJ ET BT 34.016 223.427 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(happening?.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 92.336 223.427 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(1\))] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 92.336 222.033 m 106.328 222.033 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 106.328 223.427 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( An oblique way of starting a review of a social history of knowledge, perhaps ? but )] TJ ET BT 34.016 209.171 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(indispensable for knowing how history knows knowledge and what the knowledge history knows reveals )] TJ ET BT 34.016 194.915 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(about historical knowledge. If anything could, this book, )] TJ ET BT 308.996 194.915 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(A Social History of Knowledge)] TJ ET BT 457.664 194.915 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, covering )] TJ ET BT 34.016 180.659 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(1750?2000, \(that is, to just 12 years ago\), a sequel to the author?s )] TJ ET BT 351.308 180.659 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(A Social History of Knowledge. From )] TJ ET BT 34.016 166.403 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Gutenberg to Diderot)] TJ ET BT 138.008 166.403 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(2000\), should produce an answer.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 140.147 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The indeterminacy ? identified by Stein ? is constitutional. On the one hand, this book focusses on )] TJ ET BT 34.016 125.891 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(?knowledge bearing groups? and ?knowledge generating institutions?, on ?intellectual environments rather )] TJ ET BT 34.016 111.635 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(than intellectual problems? \(pp. 3-4\). So it sees itself variously as a ?social history?, as a ?historical )] TJ ET BT 34.016 97.379 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(sociology of knowledge? because ?knowledge is situated?, but not as a ?political history of knowledge? )] TJ ET BT 34.016 83.123 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(since its focus is ?social acting? more generally. Though it could have been ?a historical ecology of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 68.867 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(knowledge?, since it goes into the social resources underpinning research; or even ?a cultural history of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 54.611 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(knowledge? since, concentrating on knowledge-gathering procedures, it reinforces ?the idea of knowledges )] TJ ET BT 34.016 563.315 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Review Number:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 549.059 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(1271)] TJ ET BT 34.016 534.803 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publish date:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 520.547 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Thursday, 14 June, 2012)] TJ ET BT 34.016 506.291 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Author:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 492.035 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Peter Burke)] TJ ET BT 34.016 477.779 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(ISBN:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 463.523 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(9780745650425)] TJ ET BT 34.016 449.267 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Date of Publication:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 435.011 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(2012)] TJ ET BT 34.016 420.755 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Price:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 406.499 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(55.00)] TJ ET BT 34.016 392.243 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Pages:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 377.987 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(248pp.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 363.731 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publisher:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 349.475 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Polity Press)] TJ ET BT 34.016 335.219 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publisher url:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 320.963 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Place of Publication:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 306.707 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Cambridge)] TJ ET BT 34.016 292.451 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Reviewer:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 278.195 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Martin Davies)] TJ ET endstream endobj 8 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F1 /BaseFont /Times-Roman /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 9 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F2 /BaseFont /Times-Italic /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 10 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F3 /BaseFont /Times-Bold /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 11 0 obj << /Type /XObject /Subtype /Image /Width 509 /Height 160 /Filter /FlateDecode /DecodeParms << /Predictor 15 /Colors 3 /Columns 509 /BitsPerComponent 8>> /Mask [ 255 255 255 255 255 255 ] /ColorSpace /DeviceRGB /BitsPerComponent 8 /Length 3280>> stream x[EQ㎦fVttҒ +3O{?lGDQԯDrB^.ϯ%~'0۠/2>0AG_>0j0GCfE67>rB^}@  !&y+r?INp:erc b8f=rQC!~-Wf^^zF[)G 2ޯe7V_Go3Ke GEGOo8rώ#\1ZY~N6^H}yLxS-!:412V+u\-LSO?xVvZ|GjǮT_8EYJF=Tw^ 7GxfN/S:Ʌ~ʟtt?5n÷J'JcF-GVξx{rO~tJd;#a\7}|~y'>}c2C vR}f׈**h.)_&@pfzjsx:5;S\vKhM5j=!Cn+h"u]a EUN]jn=k<,:Ք>sU!ni~6EJ)¦72?G}[y}_vc$t?iSܟ2Zݞ,VN?_`='RFK1A2qv&X_lLRWY'%:I㢖zb_UEx\>&ɆBˏ~K@ \gYØU4}$8Dv!'Q'*+Εj(UCGo[#< 2Ja(sZi9fZKE Rn`u\9r^Zmɯ׹}mstO4uc~#'jEvۼ Dx[z ޏQ4KL5,5u3>i^uÒ-53ba ~,~/pyt1fMU'CVm:qv~=Y'Es"WsφG?l_kN5}],Ow7 uh`xƫ?zMl7ٻv$A(4Dl(wwH} ?=[=S;yC]^BK>㕪9`Z'Wj;E|:bf>kCԘ#RY,iv쵗~}n'"1u" *uO΄/2^Sxr(!/DD\~mJyZ!MmrA!#u[if|99WB WΡpp}w}sh#,\ &:%˳X?D3 %W0cC?o̲^} F3XLVn]Cߖiϧ!7}yZJ#P7]=)7Ρp;>> Ye^xx{Oafw{ ;>4gfLt ʊ:q%#r/)pv!O4wGh|dS ӣݽހ-gVUC'pBxrB^} 7JA^} /'8!`:r?}}],X  }6y!`/~Br?}Q< >k7vx"] ,' .3jn{-i}|~%-};b6#U)7繎kiEw 㤳:E}[޼c"rꬊ7Dc$~"/Y&zSd:tFȌCrʙ`7u .#[-<)j ?TGS(j~oTup(hjU4PlJ=}|it.ҽ@\wʨuXÞZcx18Wo<~ikOg,ވ\^?EneyZcc0[R١z|zv7_m:_n]a?osS3~j^ hD.a_X'KfBX6w wݶ"Oa:,bvhrWH[uCF-Xfc}>x+Rz)2N-B 7y^٨;[/vg? | |2Sve}=o䑰j[vWjF0{굦?VI~}xM(_TlG__+]:#к?S} c>GŸD7 !w{S{B =x7a?oE#)+Gz:o_4Q<;n?\tt7?mGCџQGu4kņOF>F?#} hP&ђߴM#u!.СtL2^#o nIk_i.~7tr@n 1P~3?.[]=S5b߮~Yo^HFH YBi8a4iom>CKgMy*;?zqEӕ` >zB9iFzC?XF?ޟIܰ펉A}{I5ᄊx%ez#Mp@rߎpi]IOVjzuJt\۰f׺u5><,J~PTJp1)}){9N {!`/> endstream endobj 12 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 13 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 197.0117 675.3895 357.3317 687.2695 ] >> endobj 13 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews) >> endobj 14 0 obj [6 0 R /Fit] endobj 15 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 16 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 92.3357 222.3475 106.3277 234.2275 ] >> endobj 16 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 17 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 20 0 R 23 0 R 26 0 R ] /Contents 18 0 R >> endobj 18 0 obj << /Length 8391 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(in the plural? \(p. 4\). On the other, the book is ?concerned mainly with academic knowledge? and might have )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(been called ?a social history of academic knowledge?, did it not trace the ramifications of this knowledge )] TJ ET BT 34.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(for, and responses to it by, other regions and states \(in relation to exploration, colonialism, commerce, etc.\) )] TJ ET BT 34.016 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(pp. 4?5\).)] TJ ET BT 34.016 727.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The subject-matter is nebulous. The book?s subject is inevitably ?a vast one?; it is also diffuse: it reckons )] TJ ET BT 34.016 713.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(not only with ?knowledges and knowledge traditions? and their interaction but also with dominant and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 698.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(subjugated knowledges and their political and economic instrumentalization \(pp. 4?5\). Any subject-matter is )] TJ ET BT 34.016 684.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(too vast for historical comprehension, always containing more information than can be represented, but here )] TJ ET BT 34.016 670.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(form and content are far from being clearly distinguished. By ?knowledge? as content it means ?raw )] TJ ET BT 34.016 656.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(information?, by definition heterogeneous, treated by processes such as ?verification, criticism, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 641.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(measurement, comparison and systematization? \(p. 4\). But this definition forgets that ?information?itself )] TJ ET BT 34.016 627.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(already implies a pre-selection of experiential components according to pre-existing cognitive paradigms )] TJ ET BT 34.016 613.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(e.g. disciplines, thought-styles, ?knowledge traditions?\) since it results from what Whitehead calls the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 599.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(?vicious bifurcation of nature? into ?two divisions, namely into the nature apprehended in awareness and the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 584.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(nature which is the cause of awareness?.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 228.284 584.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(2\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 228.284 583.491 m 242.276 583.491 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 242.276 584.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( Conversely knowledge as a comprehensive category \(or as )] TJ ET BT 34.016 570.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(?knowledges?, as sets of comprehensive categories\) is nothing in itself, hence redundant, unless reflecting )] TJ ET BT 34.016 556.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(whatever controlled types of human behaviour, experience, and reflection define themselves as ?knowledge?.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 530.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The perspective is ambiguous. Inevitably historical practice evinces here something ?personal?, the author )] TJ ET BT 34.016 515.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(having lived through ?changes in knowledge regimes over the last half century?, hence there is something )] TJ ET BT 34.016 501.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(?impressionistic in its methods and provisional in its conclusions? \(pp. 6-7\). Yet it would offer a ?bird?s-eye )] TJ ET BT 34.016 487.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(view?, since ?the point is to present a big picture of a kind that is often invisible to specialists, a picture that )] TJ ET BT 34.016 473.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(includes a general description of specialization itself? \(p. 3\). What links these antinomies \(the personal and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 458.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the pan-optic, visible specialization and the hitherto invisible big picture, the particular and the general\)? For )] TJ ET BT 34.016 444.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the social historian \(who knows for certain that ?a history is a history?\) they would exemplify authentic )] TJ ET BT 34.016 430.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(knowledge tied to its particular standpoint in the ?stream of history?.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 364.316 430.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(3\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 364.316 428.931 m 378.308 428.931 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 378.308 430.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( For anyone else they work as a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 416.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(characteristic trope of historical discourse, catachresis, the unification of opposites, a rhetorical device both )] TJ ET BT 34.016 401.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(promising comprehensivity and excusing its impossibility. Still, holding all this together, making it make )] TJ ET BT 34.016 387.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(sense, is the ?book?s essential concern with change over time? \(pp.7, 45, 51, 202\) ? the principle )] TJ ET BT 501.260 387.557 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(sine qua )] TJ ET BT 34.016 373.301 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(non)] TJ ET BT 52.016 373.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( of historical enquiry. But, fallaciously predicated on the pre-eminence of this comprehensive temporal )] TJ ET BT 34.016 359.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(scheme, comprehensive enough to accommodate all other comprehensive knowledge categories, this refrain )] TJ ET BT 34.016 344.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(in historical discourse is a tautology exposed by its negative, ?change without time?, as absurd.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 490.964 344.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(4\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 490.964 343.395 m 504.956 343.395 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 504.956 344.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( Instead, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 330.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(temporality must be inferred from change: historians may well invoke it and instrumentalize it, time has no )] TJ ET BT 34.016 316.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(intrinsic causal or explanatory property.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 290.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Ultimately, then, the social history of knowledge reveals itself as a technology for information management. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 275.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The knowledge that results from ?raw information? processed by disciplinary procedures is in its turn )] TJ ET BT 34.016 261.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(converted or sublated [)] TJ ET BT 144.320 261.509 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(aufgehoben)] TJ ET BT 200.312 261.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(] by socio-historicizing procedures into historical information, a ?higher? )] TJ ET BT 34.016 247.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(form of information, information about knowledge. Hence, the contribution this )] TJ ET BT 420.308 247.253 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Social History )] TJ ET BT 492.308 247.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(makes to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 232.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(knowledge is administrative and managerial ? a synthesis of the available information about knowledge as a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 218.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(social practice. It employs two opposite but complementary structural schemes: static sociological )] TJ ET BT 34.016 204.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(categorizations and dynamic historical trends.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 178.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The static sociological categorizations identify types of social-cognitive behaviour. So part one, concerning )] TJ ET BT 34.016 163.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(?Knowledge practices?, describes the ?gathering?, ?analyzing?, ?disseminating? and ?employing? of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 149.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(?knowledges? \(pp. 11?135\); part two, on ?The price of progress?, examines under ?Losing knowledges? )] TJ ET BT 34.016 135.461 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(forms of knowledge that have become obsolete or been superseded \(e.g., astrology, phrenology, eugenics\) )] TJ ET BT 34.016 121.205 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and under ?Dividing knowledges? the hyperproduction of knowledge due ? )] TJ ET BT 398.612 121.205 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(inter alia)] TJ ET BT 442.952 121.205 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( ? to specialization, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 106.949 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(ever narrowing fields of expertise, and interdisciplinarity \(pp. 137?83\); part three, offering a ?Social history )] TJ ET BT 34.016 92.693 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(in three dimensions?, defines ?Geographies of knowledge?, ?Sociologies of knowledge?, and ? finally ? )] TJ ET BT 34.016 78.437 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(?Chronologies of knowledge? \(pp. 185?275\). Thus the nominal structure created by these categorizations )] TJ ET BT 34.016 64.181 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(integrates various types of socially defined, cognitive behaviour into a comprehensive totality. Social history )] TJ ET BT 34.016 49.925 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(is thus an information-management system based on static nominal classifications operating as historical )] TJ ET endstream endobj 19 0 obj [17 0 R /Fit] endobj 20 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 21 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 228.2837 583.8055 242.2757 595.6855 ] >> endobj 21 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 22 0 obj [17 0 R /Fit] endobj 23 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 24 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 364.3157 429.2455 378.3077 441.1255 ] >> endobj 24 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 25 0 obj [17 0 R /Fit] endobj 26 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 27 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 490.9637 343.7095 504.9557 355.5895 ] >> endobj 27 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 28 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 31 0 R 34 0 R 37 0 R ] /Contents 29 0 R >> endobj 29 0 obj << /Length 8558 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(constants. It describes practices \(e.g. ?surveys?, ?expeditions?, ?specimen-gathering/accumulation?, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(?fieldwork?, ?observation?; ?classifying?, ?deciphering?, ?dating?; ?speaking?, ?displaying?, publishing; )] TJ ET BT 34.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(?retrieval?, ?knowledge in business and industry?, ?knowledge in war, government, and universities?\); it )] TJ ET BT 34.016 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(records social trends that abandon or promote forms of knowledge \(e.g. hiding, destroying or discarding )] TJ ET BT 34.016 739.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(knowledges and ideas; the rise of the scientist, scientific associations, the culture of expertise, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 725.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(interdisciplinarity, and teamwork etc.\); it maps the locations of organizations of knowledge practices, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 710.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(surveys ?the relationship between knowledge and its social environment? \(p. 218\), and registers the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 696.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(?contrasts between longer and shorter trends and the diverse trajectories of particular regions and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 682.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(disciplines? \(p. 245\). At the same time, these information-management categories calibrate the dynamics of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 668.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(knowledge production since their performance at any moment in reality evinces mutation. ?Writing?, to cite )] TJ ET BT 34.016 653.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(a typical example, \(as a practice of dissemination\) is modified ?as a result of changes in technology? with )] TJ ET BT 34.016 639.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(breathtaking results: ?At the beginning of our period, letters and books were written with quills, but metal )] TJ ET BT 34.016 625.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(pens became the norm in the nineteenth century, followed by fountain pens at the end of the century, ball-)] TJ ET BT 34.016 611.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(point pens in the 1940s and roller-balls in the 1980s [...]? \(pp. 94?5\). Though the comprehensive structure )] TJ ET BT 34.016 596.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(that manages knowledge in socio-historical terms is static, each practice in each category is inherently )] TJ ET BT 34.016 582.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(dynamic. Change too is, apparently, another constant ? a constant trend. The coordination of these historical )] TJ ET BT 34.016 568.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(trends operating through socio-cognitive constants integral to a comprehensive structural framework makes )] TJ ET BT 34.016 554.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(up the social history of knowledge.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 527.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The dynamic historical trends articulate a period of drastic, exponential change, the ?rapid expansion and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 513.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(fragmentation? of knowledge described variously as ?staggering? and ?mind-boggling? \(pp.12, 31, 248\). Yet )] TJ ET BT 34.016 499.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(their overall effect is of animation suspended, partly because they are produced by constant social categories, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 485.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(but mainly because they are described in terms of their antecedents, of knowledge ?already known? [)] TJ ET BT 519.224 485.093 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(dj )] TJ ET BT 34.016 470.837 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(connu)] TJ ET BT 63.344 470.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(], a typical reflex of academic practice.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 250.604 470.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(5\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 250.604 469.443 m 264.596 469.443 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 264.596 470.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( So the detection of forgeries ?has a long history going back )] TJ ET BT 34.016 456.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(at least to classical antiquity itself? \(p. 60\); given there were ?showmen of science? in Victorian England the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 442.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(present use of Powerpoint to create a spectacle ?is not so much an innovation as a revival? \(p. 91\); the debate )] TJ ET BT 34.016 428.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(over the relevance of academic knowledge in the 1970s, going back even to the Middle Ages, ?is little more )] TJ ET BT 34.016 413.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(than a new version of an old controversy? \(p. 130\). Underlying the complementary static sociological and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 399.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(dynamic historical structures in this )] TJ ET BT 208.340 399.557 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Social History)] TJ ET BT 277.340 399.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( is the conventional historical emplotment of ?change and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 385.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(continuity?. However ?mind-boggling? the transformation, it is historically all the same: the latest thing a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 371.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(revamp of the same old thing. In fact the identitary logic essential for producing the comprehensive, pan-)] TJ ET BT 34.016 356.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(optic?big picture? requires sameness: this mimetic principle is the criterion of its truth. This sameness )] TJ ET BT 34.016 342.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(crucially defines this )] TJ ET BT 137.000 342.533 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Social History)] TJ ET BT 206.000 342.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 316.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Essentially it describes itself. Since the knowledge practices, disciplines, and institutions are in themselves )] TJ ET BT 34.016 302.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(already historically organized and already use socio-historical methods, this )] TJ ET BT 401.288 302.021 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Social History)] TJ ET BT 470.288 302.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( actually portrays )] TJ ET BT 34.016 287.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(itself as a history of histories, as a history of historical processes. Accordingly it plays down the internal, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 273.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(logical mutation of academic disciplines according to successive thought-styles, paradigm shifts, or )] TJ ET BT 34.016 259.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(discourse-types, in order to stress historical trends, principally by means of the numerous chronologies that )] TJ ET BT 34.016 244.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(inflect its narrative: thus, for example, the growth of astronomical telescopes, 1789?2009 \(p. 39\); the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 230.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(increasing expenditure and expansion of the FBI, 1908?2003 \(p. 123\); the establishment of learned societies, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 216.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(1815?56 \(p. 165\); the founding of museums, 1822?89 \(pp. 93, 259\) ? not to mention the history of the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 202.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(expansion of historical time itself in the chronological development successively of palaeontology, geology, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 187.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and astronomy \(p. 22\). It assumes that history, as a self-styled ?cosmic clock?, keeps regular time, parcelling )] TJ ET BT 34.016 173.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(itself out into cognitively convenient ?short and long-term trends? \(pp. 252ff.\).)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 412.304 173.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(6\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 412.304 172.323 m 426.296 172.323 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 426.296 173.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( It never doubts that the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 159.461 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(?explosion? of knowledges orientated by historical processes might have de-stabilized the notion of regular )] TJ ET BT 34.016 145.205 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(historical time itself, accelerating it \(as Koselleck argued\), at any rate relegating it to a thing of the past.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 532.256 145.205 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(7\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 532.256 143.811 m 546.248 143.811 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 118.949 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Its standpoint is indifference ? orientated as this )] TJ ET BT 266.648 118.949 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Social History)] TJ ET BT 335.648 118.949 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( is by sameness. Hence, it is all the same: ?the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 104.693 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(commercial funding of scientific research [...] is an acceleration of older processes? \(p. 115\); military )] TJ ET BT 34.016 90.437 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(?commanders have made use of intelligence about [...] enemy forces for thousands of years? \(p. 117\); )] TJ ET BT 34.016 76.181 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(?spying is an old activity, but it was in our period that it was professionalized \(p. 121\). It is all the same: it )] TJ ET BT 34.016 61.925 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(veers indiscriminately between examples of instrumental reason and administrative research often )] TJ ET endstream endobj 30 0 obj [28 0 R /Fit] endobj 31 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 32 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 250.6037 469.7575 264.5957 481.6375 ] >> endobj 32 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 33 0 obj [28 0 R /Fit] endobj 34 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 35 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 412.3037 172.6375 426.2957 184.5175 ] >> endobj 35 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 36 0 obj [28 0 R /Fit] endobj 37 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 38 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 532.2557 144.1255 546.2477 156.0055 ] >> endobj 38 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 39 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 42 0 R 45 0 R 48 0 R 51 0 R 54 0 R ] /Contents 40 0 R >> endobj 40 0 obj << /Length 8932 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(undertaken for ulterior motives, on the one hand, and self-motivating academic inquisitiveness, on the other, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(as though they really are the same. It thus recognizes and legitimizes any employment of knowledge, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(indifferent to its implications for human species-essential interests.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 741.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Its function is redundant. As Adorno points out, ?the value of a thought can be measured by the distance )] TJ ET BT 34.016 727.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(which keeps it from being continuous with what is known already?.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 358.976 727.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(8\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 358.976 726.051 m 372.968 726.051 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 372.968 727.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( As the exemplary form of academic )] TJ ET BT 34.016 713.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(knowledge, predicated on tracing antecedents, recognizing only predetermined standards, history represents )] TJ ET BT 34.016 698.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(only what is already known ? as this )] TJ ET BT 211.328 698.933 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Social History of Knowledge)] TJ ET BT 349.664 698.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( confirms. And so the comprehensive )] TJ ET BT 34.016 684.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(standpoint, sustained already by identitary thinking, collapses now that ?historians too have become more )] TJ ET BT 34.016 670.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and more aware of their own place in history? and this )] TJ ET BT 298.292 670.421 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Social History)] TJ ET BT 367.292 670.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( merges into a ?trend?, a ?growing )] TJ ET BT 34.016 656.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(interest in the histories of knowledge?, which it itself has helped to define and reinforce, and which a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 641.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(subsequent generation will ?take further? \(pp. 274?5\). This is meant to be read as a vindication of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 627.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(historicism, as authentic testimony from a standpoint in the ?stream of history? \(as Mannheim argued\).)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 527.960 627.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(9\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 527.960 626.259 m 541.952 626.259 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 613.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(But, since the historicist premise has to be accepted )] TJ ET BT 284.648 613.397 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(a priori)] TJ ET BT 321.656 613.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( for this conclusion to be vindicated and since )] TJ ET BT 34.016 599.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(too it really is unclear how ?a history is a history?, it culminates in solipsism.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 572.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Thus basing the argument on the principle of identity, adopting )] TJ ET BT 340.328 572.885 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(a priori)] TJ ET BT 377.336 572.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( an affirmative stance \(that is, a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 558.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(social historian endorsing continuing trends in the social history of knowledge\) automatically precludes any )] TJ ET BT 34.016 544.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(differing evaluation. Academic impartiality would apparently be conducive to value-free science if, in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 530.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(writing the social history of its practice, it did not from the start approve of itself, if it did not read its )] TJ ET BT 34.016 515.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(?staggering? development and its ?explosive? effects as self-affirmation \(pp. 12, 248ff\). Surely though the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 501.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(argument cannot be so self-absorbed as to ignore those aspects of its socio-historical scheme where a critical )] TJ ET BT 34.016 487.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(evaluation is indispensable and which a comprehensive overview ought uniquely to discern?)] TJ ET BT 34.016 461.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(There is the presumption that knowledge is ?mainly academic knowledge? \(p. 5\), that, therefore, ?academic )] TJ ET BT 34.016 446.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(knowledge? is an exhaustive category. In fact, it can be subsumed under ?intellectual work? given the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 432.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(fundamental, societal distinction between intellectual and manual work.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 378.968 432.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(10\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 378.968 431.187 m 398.960 431.187 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 398.960 432.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( But then intellectual work )] TJ ET BT 34.016 418.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(subdivides into the work of the ?public intellectual? \(e.g., the ?free-floating intellectual? \(Mannheim\) or the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 404.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(?technician of the universal? \(Sartre\)\) and the work of the expert \(e.g., the ?technician of practical )] TJ ET BT 34.016 389.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(knowledge? \(Sartre\) or the ?resources manager? [)] TJ ET BT 272.588 389.813 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Besteller des Bestandes)] TJ ET BT 385.904 389.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(] \(Heidegger\), or the ?information )] TJ ET BT 34.016 375.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(engineer? \(Toulmin\)\).)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 139.988 375.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(11\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 139.988 374.163 m 159.980 374.163 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 159.980 375.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( So to take academic knowledge, be it exercised by the professional or by many )] TJ ET BT 34.016 361.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(varieties of amateur ?knowledge worker?, for knowledge itself, the total product of intellectual work, already )] TJ ET BT 34.016 347.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(constitutes a coercive pre-conception \(pp. 232?5\). The knowledge being described socio-historically is )] TJ ET BT 34.016 332.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(actually technical knowledge, information-management technology ? knowledge in its already recognized, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 318.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(established, dominant form \(cf. p. 173\).)] TJ ET BT 34.016 292.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The pan-optic overview has a blind-spot. Philosophy is more or less excluded. It cannot, it seems, be a form )] TJ ET BT 34.016 278.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of knowledge. Evidently without social or historical value it simply does not figure as development. Those )] TJ ET BT 34.016 263.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(few philosophers who are mentioned have merely a ?walk-on? role: \(e.g.\) Lyotard for his ?postmodernity? )] TJ ET BT 34.016 249.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(p. 80\); Nietzsche for his alleged ?perspectivism? \(p. 260\); Heidegger for his Nazi affiliations \(p. 227\). But, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 235.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(reflecting on the exponential growth of academic-technical knowledge the social historian finds both )] TJ ET BT 34.016 220.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(overwhelming and enthralling, these philosophers have radical and legitimate misgivings about its overall )] TJ ET BT 34.016 206.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(cultural effects. Predictably, therefore, social history reduces Husserl?s reasoned apprehensions, expressed in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 192.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the classic, exemplary )] TJ ET BT 143.324 192.485 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Crisis of the European Sciences and Transcendental Phenomenology )] TJ ET BT 478.628 192.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(1936\) to the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 178.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(glib opinion of a private individual: ?The philosopher Edmund Husserl, for instance, believed that )] TJ ET BT 34.016 163.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(knowledges or disciplines had undergone a crisis around the year 1900? \(p. 253\).)] TJ ET BT 34.016 137.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Social history evidently goes with whatever goes socially. If the practices, groups, environments are what )] TJ ET BT 34.016 123.461 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(are going, then these must be ?normal?: history?s ?big picture? portrays their likeness. But how to describe )] TJ ET BT 34.016 109.205 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the process being described? How can anyone tell it is normal if it is just the way it is? Social history dodges )] TJ ET BT 34.016 94.949 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(this challenge. So Weber?s concept of ?disenchantment of the world? here explains merely the demise of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 80.693 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(astrology \(p. 152\), whereas \(for Weber\) it is symptomatic of a temporally vast ?intellectualization process? [)] TJ ET BT 34.016 66.437 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Intellektualisierungsproze)] TJ ET BT 165.344 66.437 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(] that includes the development of modern knowledge this )] TJ ET BT 447.644 66.437 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Social History)] TJ ET BT 516.644 66.437 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( would )] TJ ET BT 34.016 52.181 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(describe.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 77.000 52.181 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(12\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 77.000 50.787 m 96.992 50.787 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 96.992 52.181 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( Conversely, given that knowledge contained in the ?vast number of books published in this )] TJ ET endstream endobj 41 0 obj [39 0 R /Fit] endobj 42 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 43 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 358.9757 726.3655 372.9677 738.2455 ] >> endobj 43 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 44 0 obj [39 0 R /Fit] endobj 45 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 46 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 527.9597 626.5735 541.9517 638.4535 ] >> endobj 46 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 47 0 obj [39 0 R /Fit] endobj 48 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 49 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 378.9677 431.5015 398.9597 443.3815 ] >> endobj 49 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 50 0 obj [39 0 R /Fit] endobj 51 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 52 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 139.9877 374.4775 159.9797 386.3575 ] >> endobj 52 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 53 0 obj [39 0 R /Fit] endobj 54 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 55 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 76.9997 51.1015 96.9917 62.9815 ] >> endobj 55 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 56 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 59 0 R 62 0 R 65 0 R 68 0 R 71 0 R 73 0 R 75 0 R 77 0 R 79 0 R 81 0 R 83 0 R 85 0 R 87 0 R 89 0 R 91 0 R 93 0 R 95 0 R 97 0 R 99 0 R 101 0 R ] /Contents 57 0 R >> endobj 57 0 obj << /Length 11895 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(period? \(for example, in 1990 842,000 world-wide \(p. 100\)\) does not activate unless someone reads them, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(much of it condemns itself to redundancy. Doesn?t this standpoint rather confirm ?the rising-tide of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(insignificance? [)] TJ ET BT 113.660 767.957 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(la monte de l?insignifiance)] TJ ET BT 249.320 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(] symptomatic of a socio-historical trend towards )] TJ ET BT 34.016 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(ephemeralization, endorsed by an academic ?pseudo-consensus?, that a critical social philosophy should )] TJ ET BT 34.016 739.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(denounce?)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 85.328 739.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(13\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 85.328 738.051 m 105.320 738.051 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 105.320 739.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( And isn?t the current ?knowledge explosion? \(pp. 248?50\) more than just ?a new metaphor? )] TJ ET BT 34.016 725.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(but rather, as Virilio suggests, the effect of a real ?information bomb?, an opening manoeuvre in a real )] TJ ET BT 34.016 710.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(?information war? that really will re-programme human existence?)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 355.604 710.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(14\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 355.604 709.539 m 375.596 709.539 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 375.596 710.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( Oblivious to other perspectives, the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 696.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(perspective from social history, both impoverished and constrictive, is deceptive, perpetrates a ?systematic )] TJ ET BT 34.016 682.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(falsification?.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 99.668 682.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(15\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 99.668 681.027 m 119.660 681.027 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 656.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Ultimately, what does this accumulated knowledge actually do? What have this academic effort and the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 641.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(capital resources that sustain it to show for themselves? Here too socio-historical comprehension seems )] TJ ET BT 34.016 627.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(myopic. It has ? for good or ill ? transformed the background of human existence. But it has patently failed )] TJ ET BT 34.016 613.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(to remove engrained social and existential inequalities either locally or globally. In fact, ?knowledges? have )] TJ ET BT 34.016 599.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(developed exponentially at a time when these inequalities have become increasingly flagrant. So given that )] TJ ET BT 34.016 584.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(knowledge still is advanced through business, war, imperialism, and political authority \(pp. 114ff.\), through )] TJ ET BT 34.016 570.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the way things are, academic effort is part of the world-problem: it exacerbates it rather than resolves it. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 556.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Only academic litism would maintain that familiarity with specialized erudition is a pre-condition for a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 542.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(socially rewarding life.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 144.992 542.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(16\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 144.992 540.723 m 164.984 540.723 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 164.984 542.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( Rather the technical knowledge society accumulates as a historical legacy pre-)] TJ ET BT 34.016 527.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(emptively occludes whatever talents it might require to create its immediate present and future. Living in a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 513.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(historically ?prepared? situation, observed Gertrude Stein, means ?living several generations behind? bereft )] TJ ET BT 34.016 499.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of contemporaries, which is ?very much too bad?.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 273.632 499.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(17\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 273.632 497.955 m 293.624 497.955 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 293.624 499.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( And this temporal dislocation constitutive of the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 485.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(actual social situation of socio-historical knowledge appears in the reiterated confirmation that, particularly )] TJ ET BT 34.016 470.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(with respect to ?Employing knowledges?, it finds ? as mentioned earlier ? ?nothing new? or, at best, ?a new )] TJ ET BT 34.016 456.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(version of an old controversy?, something ?considerably older than people generally think? \(cf. pp. 115, 130, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 442.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(134, 135, 176, 178\). So, in the light of the questions this )] TJ ET BT 307.028 442.325 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Social History)] TJ ET BT 376.028 442.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( could have asked of its subject, it is )] TJ ET BT 34.016 428.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(perverse for it to maintain that it ?is not concerned with recommending a particular attitude to knowledge? )] TJ ET BT 34.016 413.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(p. 7\). Actually, as an academic book about the social history of its own self-knowledge \(p. 275\), it offers the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 399.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(perfect example of academic self-regard.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 364.659 Td /F3 18.0 Tf [(Notes)] TJ ET BT 48.816 334.042 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(1.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 334.037 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Gertrude Stein, A Geographical History of America or the Relation of Human Nature to the Human )] TJ ET BT 64.016 319.781 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Mind \(New York, 1973\), pp.72, 141.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 241.328 319.781 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(1\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 241.328 318.387 m 295.316 318.387 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 48.816 305.530 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(2.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 305.525 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Alfred North Whitehead, )] TJ ET BT 187.316 305.525 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The Concept of Nature)] TJ ET BT 296.984 305.525 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(Cambridge, 1920\), pp.20?1, 30?1, 187.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 491.960 305.525 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(2\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 491.960 304.131 m 545.948 304.131 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 48.816 291.274 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(3.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 291.269 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(cf. Karl Mannheim, )] TJ ET BT 161.660 291.269 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Essays on the sociology of Knowledge)] TJ ET BT 345.320 291.269 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(Abingdon, 2000\), pp.119?20, 147ff.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 525.632 291.269 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back )] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 525.632 289.875 m 553.292 289.875 l S BT 64.016 277.013 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(to \(3\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 64.016 275.619 m 90.344 275.619 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 48.816 262.762 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(4.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 262.757 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(cf. Whitehead, )] TJ ET BT 137.324 262.757 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The Concept of Nature)] TJ ET BT 246.992 262.757 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, p. 178.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 285.992 262.757 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(4\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 285.992 261.363 m 339.980 261.363 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 48.816 248.506 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(5.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 248.501 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Pierre Bourdieu, )] TJ ET BT 146.336 248.501 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Mditations pascaliennes)] TJ ET BT 268.664 248.501 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(Paris, 1997\), p. 76.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 366.656 248.501 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(5\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 366.656 247.107 m 420.644 247.107 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 48.816 234.250 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(6.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 234.245 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Mannheim, )] TJ ET BT 122.012 234.245 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Essays)] TJ ET BT 154.676 234.245 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, p. 84.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 187.676 234.245 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(6\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 187.676 232.851 m 241.664 232.851 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 48.816 219.994 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(7.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 219.989 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Reinhart Koselleck, )] TJ ET BT 162.332 219.989 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Vergangene Zukunft. Zur Semantik geschichtlicher Zeiten)] TJ ET BT 439.640 219.989 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(Frankfurt am Main, )] TJ ET BT 64.016 205.733 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(1985\), pp. 47ff., 77ff., 321.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 194.996 205.733 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(7\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 194.996 204.339 m 248.984 204.339 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 48.816 191.482 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(8.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 191.477 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Theodor W. Adorno, )] TJ ET BT 167.660 191.477 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Minima Moralia. Reflexionen aus dem beschdigten Leben)] TJ ET BT 451.292 191.477 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(Frankfurt am Main, )] TJ ET BT 64.016 177.221 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(1978\), p. 99 \(50\).)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 154.004 177.221 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(8\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 154.004 175.827 m 207.992 175.827 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 48.816 162.970 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(9.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 162.965 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Mannheim, )] TJ ET BT 122.012 162.965 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Essays)] TJ ET BT 154.676 162.965 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, pp.119-20, 147ff.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 244.664 162.965 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(9\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 244.664 161.571 m 298.652 161.571 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 42.816 148.714 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(10.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 148.709 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(cf. Alfred Sohn-Rethel, )] TJ ET BT 179.660 148.709 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Geistige und krperliche Arbeit)] TJ ET BT 331.976 148.709 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(Weinheim, 1989\).)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 425.960 148.709 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(10\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 425.960 147.315 m 485.948 147.315 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 42.816 134.458 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(11.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 134.453 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Karl Mannheim, )] TJ ET BT 146.336 134.453 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Ideologie und Utopie)] TJ ET BT 248.324 134.453 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(Frankfurt am Main, 1995\), pp.135ff.; Jean-Paul Sartre, )] TJ ET BT 64.016 120.197 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Plaidoyer pour les intellectuels)] TJ ET BT 214.340 120.197 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(Paris, 1972\), pp.25, 49; Martin Heidegger, )] TJ ET BT 428.312 120.197 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Vortrge und Aufstze. )] TJ ET BT 64.016 105.941 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Teil I)] TJ ET BT 89.684 105.941 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(Tbingen, 1967\), pp.22, 26; Stephen Toulmin, )] TJ ET BT 323.012 105.941 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Cosmopolis. The Hidden Agenda of Modernity)] TJ ET BT 64.016 91.685 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(Chicago, 1990\), p.104.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 178.004 91.685 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(11\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 178.004 90.291 m 237.992 90.291 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 42.816 77.434 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(12.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 77.429 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Max Weber, )] TJ ET BT 126.992 77.429 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Gesammelte Aufstze zur Wissenschaftslehre)] TJ ET BT 343.304 77.429 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(Tbingen, 1988\), p. 593.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 469.292 77.429 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(12\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 469.292 76.035 m 529.280 76.035 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 42.816 63.178 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(13.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 63.173 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Cornelius Castoriadis, )] TJ ET BT 173.684 63.173 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(La monte de l?insignifiance)] TJ ET BT 312.680 63.173 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(Paris, 1996\), pp. 84, 86?7.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 446.000 63.173 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(13\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 446.000 61.779 m 505.988 61.779 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 42.816 48.922 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(14.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 48.917 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Paul Virilio, )] TJ ET BT 126.356 48.917 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(La bombe informatique)] TJ ET BT 239.024 48.917 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(Paris, 1998\), pp. 154ff.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 357.008 48.917 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(14\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 357.008 47.523 m 416.996 47.523 l S endstream endobj 58 0 obj [56 0 R /Fit] endobj 59 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 60 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 85.3277 738.3655 105.3197 750.2455 ] >> endobj 60 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 61 0 obj [56 0 R /Fit] endobj 62 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 63 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 355.6037 709.8535 375.5957 721.7335 ] >> endobj 63 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 64 0 obj [56 0 R /Fit] endobj 65 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 66 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 99.6677 681.3415 119.6597 693.2215 ] >> endobj 66 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 67 0 obj [56 0 R /Fit] endobj 68 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 69 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 144.9917 541.0375 164.9837 552.9175 ] >> endobj 69 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 70 0 obj [56 0 R /Fit] endobj 71 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 72 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 273.6317 498.2695 293.6237 510.1495 ] >> endobj 72 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 73 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 74 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 241.3277 318.7015 295.3157 330.5815 ] >> endobj 74 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /GoTo /D 14 0 R >> endobj 75 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 76 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 491.9597 304.4455 545.9477 316.3255 ] >> endobj 76 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /GoTo /D 19 0 R >> endobj 77 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 78 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 525.6317 290.1895 553.2917 302.0695 ] >> endobj 78 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /GoTo /D 22 0 R >> endobj 79 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 80 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 64.0157 275.9335 90.3437 287.8135 ] >> endobj 80 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /GoTo /D 22 0 R >> endobj 81 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 82 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 285.9917 261.6775 339.9797 273.5575 ] >> endobj 82 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /GoTo /D 25 0 R >> endobj 83 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 84 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 366.6557 247.4215 420.6437 259.3015 ] >> endobj 84 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /GoTo /D 30 0 R >> endobj 85 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 86 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 187.6757 233.1655 241.6637 245.0455 ] >> endobj 86 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /GoTo /D 33 0 R >> endobj 87 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 88 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 194.9957 204.6535 248.9837 216.5335 ] >> endobj 88 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /GoTo /D 36 0 R >> endobj 89 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 90 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 154.0037 176.1415 207.9917 188.0215 ] >> endobj 90 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /GoTo /D 41 0 R >> endobj 91 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 92 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 244.6637 161.8855 298.6517 173.7655 ] >> endobj 92 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /GoTo /D 44 0 R >> endobj 93 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 94 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 425.9597 147.6295 485.9477 159.5095 ] >> endobj 94 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /GoTo /D 47 0 R >> endobj 95 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 96 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 178.0037 90.6055 237.9917 102.4855 ] >> endobj 96 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /GoTo /D 50 0 R >> endobj 97 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 98 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 469.2917 76.3495 529.2797 88.2295 ] >> endobj 98 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /GoTo /D 53 0 R >> endobj 99 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 100 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 445.9997 62.0935 505.9877 73.9735 ] >> endobj 100 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /GoTo /D 58 0 R >> endobj 101 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 102 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 357.0077 47.8375 416.9957 59.7175 ] >> endobj 102 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /GoTo /D 61 0 R >> endobj 103 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 105 0 R 107 0 R 109 0 R 111 0 R 113 0 R 115 0 R 117 0 R ] /Contents 104 0 R >> endobj 104 0 obj << /Length 2986 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 42.816 796.474 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(15.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Bourdieu, )] TJ ET BT 114.680 796.469 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Mditations pascaliennes)] TJ ET BT 237.008 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, pp. 63ff.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 284.000 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(15\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 284.000 795.075 m 343.988 795.075 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 42.816 782.218 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(16.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Bourdieu, )] TJ ET BT 114.680 782.213 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Mditations pascaliennes)] TJ ET BT 237.008 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, p. 83.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 270.008 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(16\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 270.008 780.819 m 329.996 780.819 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 42.816 767.962 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(17.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Gertrude Stein, )] TJ ET BT 140.336 767.957 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(What are Masterpieces?)] TJ ET BT 257.648 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(New York, 1970\), pp. 26, 28.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 405.956 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(17\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 405.956 766.563 m 465.944 766.563 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 741.701 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Other reviews:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 727.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Heterodoxology)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 34.016 713.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://heterodoxology.com/2011/04/13/peter-burke-the-social-history-of-knowledge-and-agnotology-notes-)] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.016 711.795 m 549.608 711.795 l S BT 34.016 698.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(on-a-lecture/)] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.016 697.539 m 95.324 697.539 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 98.324 698.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([2])] TJ ET BT 34.016 684.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Theory, Culture and Society)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 34.016 670.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://theoryculturesociety.blogspot.co.uk/2010/12/peter-burke-on-social-history-of.html)] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.016 669.027 m 459.980 669.027 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 462.980 670.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([3])] TJ ET 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.391 665.695 526.499 1.500 re S BT 34.016 647.915 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Source URL:)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 104.672 647.915 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/review/1271)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 104.672 646.521 m 328.316 646.521 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 621.544 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Links:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 607.144 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([1] http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/item/20914)] TJ ET BT 34.016 592.859 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([2] http://heterodoxology.com/2011/04/13/peter-burke-the-social-history-of-knowledge-and-agnotology-)] TJ ET BT 34.016 578.488 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(notes-on-a-lecture/)] TJ ET BT 34.016 564.088 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([3] http://theoryculturesociety.blogspot.co.uk/2010/12/peter-burke-on-social-history-of.html)] TJ ET endstream endobj 105 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 106 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 283.9997 795.3895 343.9877 807.2695 ] >> endobj 106 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /GoTo /D 64 0 R >> endobj 107 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 108 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 270.0077 781.1335 329.9957 793.0135 ] >> endobj 108 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /GoTo /D 67 0 R >> endobj 109 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 110 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 405.9557 766.8775 465.9437 778.7575 ] >> endobj 110 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /GoTo /D 70 0 R >> endobj 111 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 112 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 34.0157 712.1095 549.6077 723.9895 ] >> endobj 112 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://heterodoxology.com/2011/04/13/peter-burke-the-social-history-of-knowledge-and-agnotology-notes-on-a-lecture/) >> endobj 113 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 114 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 34.0157 697.8535 95.3237 709.7335 ] >> endobj 114 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://heterodoxology.com/2011/04/13/peter-burke-the-social-history-of-knowledge-and-agnotology-notes-on-a-lecture/) >> endobj 115 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 116 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 34.0157 669.3415 459.9797 681.2215 ] >> endobj 116 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://theoryculturesociety.blogspot.co.uk/2010/12/peter-burke-on-social-history-of.html) >> endobj 117 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 118 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 104.6717 646.8355 328.3157 658.7155 ] >> endobj 118 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/review/1271) >> endobj xref 0 119 0000000000 65535 f 0000000008 00000 n 0000000073 00000 n 0000000119 00000 n 0000000357 00000 n 0000000394 00000 n 0000000594 00000 n 0000000683 00000 n 0000005152 00000 n 0000005261 00000 n 0000005371 00000 n 0000005480 00000 n 0000009041 00000 n 0000009169 00000 n 0000009253 00000 n 0000009282 00000 n 0000009409 00000 n 0000009445 00000 n 0000009543 00000 n 0000017987 00000 n 0000018017 00000 n 0000018145 00000 n 0000018181 00000 n 0000018211 00000 n 0000018339 00000 n 0000018375 00000 n 0000018405 00000 n 0000018533 00000 n 0000018569 00000 n 0000018667 00000 n 0000027278 00000 n 0000027308 00000 n 0000027436 00000 n 0000027472 00000 n 0000027502 00000 n 0000027630 00000 n 0000027666 00000 n 0000027696 00000 n 0000027824 00000 n 0000027860 00000 n 0000027972 00000 n 0000036957 00000 n 0000036987 00000 n 0000037115 00000 n 0000037151 00000 n 0000037181 00000 n 0000037309 00000 n 0000037345 00000 n 0000037375 00000 n 0000037503 00000 n 0000037539 00000 n 0000037569 00000 n 0000037697 00000 n 0000037733 00000 n 0000037763 00000 n 0000037887 00000 n 0000037923 00000 n 0000038141 00000 n 0000050090 00000 n 0000050120 00000 n 0000050247 00000 n 0000050283 00000 n 0000050313 00000 n 0000050441 00000 n 0000050477 00000 n 0000050507 00000 n 0000050634 00000 n 0000050670 00000 n 0000050700 00000 n 0000050828 00000 n 0000050864 00000 n 0000050894 00000 n 0000051022 00000 n 0000051058 00000 n 0000051186 00000 n 0000051241 00000 n 0000051369 00000 n 0000051424 00000 n 0000051552 00000 n 0000051607 00000 n 0000051733 00000 n 0000051788 00000 n 0000051916 00000 n 0000051971 00000 n 0000052099 00000 n 0000052154 00000 n 0000052282 00000 n 0000052337 00000 n 0000052465 00000 n 0000052520 00000 n 0000052648 00000 n 0000052703 00000 n 0000052831 00000 n 0000052886 00000 n 0000053014 00000 n 0000053069 00000 n 0000053196 00000 n 0000053251 00000 n 0000053377 00000 n 0000053432 00000 n 0000053559 00000 n 0000053615 00000 n 0000053743 00000 n 0000053799 00000 n 0000053934 00000 n 0000056974 00000 n 0000057104 00000 n 0000057160 00000 n 0000057290 00000 n 0000057346 00000 n 0000057476 00000 n 0000057532 00000 n 0000057661 00000 n 0000057829 00000 n 0000057957 00000 n 0000058125 00000 n 0000058254 00000 n 0000058395 00000 n 0000058525 00000 n trailer << /Size 119 /Root 1 0 R /Info 5 0 R >> startxref 58622 %%EOF