%PDF-1.3 1 0 obj << /Type /Catalog /Outlines 2 0 R /Pages 3 0 R >> endobj 2 0 obj << /Type /Outlines /Count 0 >> endobj 3 0 obj << /Type /Pages /Kids [6 0 R 14 0 R 19 0 R 21 0 R ] /Count 4 /Resources << /ProcSet 4 0 R /Font << /F1 8 0 R /F2 9 0 R /F3 10 0 R >> /XObject << /I1 11 0 R >> >> /MediaBox [0.000 0.000 595.280 841.890] >> endobj 4 0 obj [/PDF /Text /ImageC ] endobj 5 0 obj << /Creator (DOMPDF) /CreationDate (D:20141029053330+00'00') /ModDate (D:20141029053330+00'00') /Title (The Oxford Handbook of the History of Medicine) >> endobj 6 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 12 0 R ] /Contents 7 0 R >> endobj 7 0 obj << /Length 4178 >> stream q 381.750 0 0 120.000 34.016 687.874 cm /I1 Do Q 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Published on )] TJ ET BT 99.356 676.469 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Reviews in History)] TJ ET BT 190.016 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \()] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 197.012 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 197.012 675.075 m 357.332 675.075 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 357.332 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\))] TJ ET 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.391 653.743 526.499 1.500 re S BT 34.016 615.321 Td /F3 18.0 Tf [(The Oxford Handbook of the History of Medicine)] TJ ET BT 34.016 287.579 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The Oxford Handbook of the History of Medicine )] TJ ET BT 273.992 287.579 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(appears at a critical moment for medical history; in a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 273.323 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(period when its practitioners are being forced to re-evaluate their aims and agendas in the face of shifting )] TJ ET BT 34.016 259.067 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(funding priorities and disciplinary angst. Just a few years, one leading medical historian publicly declared )] TJ ET BT 34.016 244.811 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(that medical history was ?dead?, or was at least heading that way. Puzzled critics of this opinion mostly )] TJ ET BT 34.016 230.555 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(dismissed it as unnecessarily alarmist, although what the announcement did encourage was a rethinking of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 216.299 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the potential directions that medical history could pursue, or should be pursuing. Many of the contributions )] TJ ET BT 34.016 202.043 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(to the handbook are framed in relation to these concerns. The contributions to Jackson?s impressive volume )] TJ ET BT 34.016 187.787 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(offer introductory accounts of key areas in the history of medicine, as well as providing accessible and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 173.531 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(informative overviews of historiographical research undertaken. Yet they also identify the historiographical )] TJ ET BT 34.016 159.275 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(trends that have characterised and shaped scholarship in the area and then utilise these as platforms for )] TJ ET BT 34.016 145.019 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(discussing the questions, sources and methods which, in the opinion of the individual contributors, should )] TJ ET BT 34.016 130.763 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(direct future scholarly research and potentially rescue the field from an anticipated untimely death. In )] TJ ET BT 34.016 116.507 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(consequence, the handbook will have a broad appeal, speaking to both non-specialists and established )] TJ ET BT 34.016 102.251 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(practitioners of the history of medicine.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 75.995 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Medical history is a uniquely diverse discipline that incorporates a range of methodological approaches. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 61.739 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Academic medical historians loosely unite themselves around an agenda of critically assessing past medical )] TJ ET BT 34.016 584.699 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Review Number:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 570.443 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(1275)] TJ ET BT 34.016 556.187 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publish date:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 541.931 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Thursday, 21 June, 2012)] TJ ET BT 34.016 527.675 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Author:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 513.419 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Mark Jackson)] TJ ET BT 34.016 499.163 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(ISBN:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 484.907 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(9780199546497)] TJ ET BT 34.016 470.651 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Date of Publication:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 456.395 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(2011)] TJ ET BT 34.016 442.139 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Price:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 427.883 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(95.00)] TJ ET BT 34.016 413.627 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Pages:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 399.371 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(696pp.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 385.115 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publisher:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 370.859 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Oxford University Press)] TJ ET BT 34.016 356.603 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Place of Publication:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 342.347 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Oxford)] TJ ET BT 34.016 328.091 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Reviewer:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 313.835 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Ian Miller)] TJ ET endstream endobj 8 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F1 /BaseFont /Times-Roman /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 9 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F2 /BaseFont /Times-Italic /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 10 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F3 /BaseFont /Times-Bold /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 11 0 obj << /Type /XObject /Subtype /Image /Width 509 /Height 160 /Filter /FlateDecode /DecodeParms << /Predictor 15 /Colors 3 /Columns 509 /BitsPerComponent 8>> /Mask [ 255 255 255 255 255 255 ] /ColorSpace /DeviceRGB /BitsPerComponent 8 /Length 3280>> stream x[EQ㎦fVttҒ +3O{?lGDQԯDrB^.ϯ%~'0۠/2>0AG_>0j0GCfE67>rB^}@  !&y+r?INp:erc b8f=rQC!~-Wf^^zF[)G 2ޯe7V_Go3Ke GEGOo8rώ#\1ZY~N6^H}yLxS-!:412V+u\-LSO?xVvZ|GjǮT_8EYJF=Tw^ 7GxfN/S:Ʌ~ʟtt?5n÷J'JcF-GVξx{rO~tJd;#a\7}|~y'>}c2C vR}f׈**h.)_&@pfzjsx:5;S\vKhM5j=!Cn+h"u]a EUN]jn=k<,:Ք>sU!ni~6EJ)¦72?G}[y}_vc$t?iSܟ2Zݞ,VN?_`='RFK1A2qv&X_lLRWY'%:I㢖zb_UEx\>&ɆBˏ~K@ \gYØU4}$8Dv!'Q'*+Εj(UCGo[#< 2Ja(sZi9fZKE Rn`u\9r^Zmɯ׹}mstO4uc~#'jEvۼ Dx[z ޏQ4KL5,5u3>i^uÒ-53ba ~,~/pyt1fMU'CVm:qv~=Y'Es"WsφG?l_kN5}],Ow7 uh`xƫ?zMl7ٻv$A(4Dl(wwH} ?=[=S;yC]^BK>㕪9`Z'Wj;E|:bf>kCԘ#RY,iv쵗~}n'"1u" *uO΄/2^Sxr(!/DD\~mJyZ!MmrA!#u[if|99WB WΡpp}w}sh#,\ &:%˳X?D3 %W0cC?o̲^} F3XLVn]Cߖiϧ!7}yZJ#P7]=)7Ρp;>> Ye^xx{Oafw{ ;>4gfLt ʊ:q%#r/)pv!O4wGh|dS ӣݽހ-gVUC'pBxrB^} 7JA^} /'8!`:r?}}],X  }6y!`/~Br?}Q< >k7vx"] ,' .3jn{-i}|~%-};b6#U)7繎kiEw 㤳:E}[޼c"rꬊ7Dc$~"/Y&zSd:tFȌCrʙ`7u .#[-<)j ?TGS(j~oTup(hjU4PlJ=}|it.ҽ@\wʨuXÞZcx18Wo<~ikOg,ވ\^?EneyZcc0[R١z|zv7_m:_n]a?osS3~j^ hD.a_X'KfBX6w wݶ"Oa:,bvhrWH[uCF-Xfc}>x+Rz)2N-B 7y^٨;[/vg? | |2Sve}=o䑰j[vWjF0{굦?VI~}xM(_TlG__+]:#к?S} c>GŸD7 !w{S{B =x7a?oE#)+Gz:o_4Q<;n?\tt7?mGCџQGu4kņOF>F?#} hP&ђߴM#u!.СtL2^#o nIk_i.~7tr@n 1P~3?.[]=S5b߮~Yo^HFH YBi8a4iom>CKgMy*;?zqEӕ` >zB9iFzC?XF?ޟIܰ펉A}{I5ᄊx%ez#Mp@rߎpi]IOVjzuJt\۰f׺u5><,J~PTJp1)}){9N {!`/> endstream endobj 12 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 13 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 197.0117 675.3895 357.3317 687.2695 ] >> endobj 13 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews) >> endobj 14 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 17 0 R ] /Contents 15 0 R >> endobj 15 0 obj << /Length 7672 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(behaviour, practices and identities as a means of replacing the positivistic accounts of medical history )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(typically penned by practising medical professions some decades ago. Beyond this remit, however, medical )] TJ ET BT 34.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(historians have free reign to draw upon whichever intellectual and methodological resources they choose. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Whether the diversity that this produces benefits or inhibits the discipline remains a matter of debate. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 739.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(However, what does become clear from the intellectually rich chapters offered in this volume is that )] TJ ET BT 34.016 725.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(medicine and health have proven central to virtually all areas of human existence, be they political, social, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 710.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(cultural or intellectual; a scenario that allows historians to connect their research to various different ?types? )] TJ ET BT 34.016 696.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of history. This makes the frequent side-lining of medicine by ?mainstream? history all the more puzzling. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 682.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(As a discipline, medical history regularly encourages research that is policy driven, of relevance to modern )] TJ ET BT 34.016 668.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(day bodily concerns, and, importantly, of public interest.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 641.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(In recent decades, medical history has changed dramatically. It therefore comes as little surprise to find that )] TJ ET BT 34.016 627.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Jackson?s volume differs dramatically from its closest predecessor: William F. Bynum and Roy Porter?s )] TJ ET BT 34.016 613.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(impressive )] TJ ET BT 89.012 613.397 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Companion Encyclopaedia of the History of Medicine)] TJ ET BT 348.320 613.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( published in 1992.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 440.324 613.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(1\))] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 440.324 612.003 m 454.316 612.003 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 454.316 613.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( Rather than )] TJ ET BT 34.016 599.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(restricting the structure of his volume to the themes which the non-specialist reader might expect to discover )] TJ ET BT 34.016 584.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(e.g. humoralism, hospitals, pathological anatomy, laboratory medicine and so on\), Jackson responds to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 570.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(shifting historiographical trends by incorporating chapters that cover important historical topics including )] TJ ET BT 34.016 556.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the medicalisation of death \(an area impressively developed in recent years by contributor Julie-Marie )] TJ ET BT 34.016 542.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Strange\); the interdependence of animal and human medicine \(an exciting research area discussed here by )] TJ ET BT 34.016 527.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Robert G. W. Kirk and Michael Worboys\) and health and sexuality \(as demonstrated by Gayle Davis\), )] TJ ET BT 34.016 513.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(among many other themes.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 487.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The volume is split into three distinct sections. The first of these, entitled ?periods?, traces the development )] TJ ET BT 34.016 473.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of medical ideas and practice chronologically over time. The reader?s attention is drawn to the surprising )] TJ ET BT 34.016 458.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(diversity of ancient medicine, medical practice at the medieval bedside, the emergence of colonial medicine )] TJ ET BT 34.016 444.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(as western societies expanded geographically, and the rise of modern forms of biomedicine and biopolitics )] TJ ET BT 34.016 430.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(as governmental intervention and medical professionalisation began impacting profoundly upon how we )] TJ ET BT 34.016 416.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(manage our bodies and how they are socially regulated. Virginia Berridge concludes the first section with an )] TJ ET BT 34.016 401.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(insightful discussion of contemporary medicine, an area that directly addresses modern concerns such as )] TJ ET BT 34.016 387.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(HIV/AIDS and smoking. All of these contributions provide a useful chronological backdrop, equipping )] TJ ET BT 34.016 373.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(readers with an overview of key developments and themes in medicine across an expansive timeframe.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 347.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(After establishing this broad chronology of medical history, Jackson?s contributors continue by inviting the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 332.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(reader to consider how medicine has developed and varied geographically. The scope of global medicine )] TJ ET BT 34.016 318.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(covered here is impressive. Alongside expected areas such as the rise of western medicine and colonial )] TJ ET BT 34.016 304.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(medicine, the volume?s contributors draw attention to less familiar areas. These include Eastern European )] TJ ET BT 34.016 290.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(medicine, expertly discussed by Marius Turda who suggests that the liberation of eastern scholarship from )] TJ ET BT 34.016 275.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(ideological manipulation and biased interpretations has engendered a rich tradition of investigations into that )] TJ ET BT 34.016 261.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(region?s medical past; Chinese medicine, portrayed by Vivienne Lo and Stanley Michael-Baxter as a fruitful )] TJ ET BT 34.016 247.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(area of historical inquiry whose influence continues to extend beyond China itself; and Australian medicine )] TJ ET BT 34.016 232.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(which, as Linda Bryder demonstrates, developed in relation to notions of ?whiteness? and ?purity?, racially-)] TJ ET BT 34.016 218.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(charged concepts that had important implications for public health and social hygiene campaigns in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 204.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Australia. Various forms of medicine are shown to have developed globally and interacted in complex ways. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 190.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(It was not always the case that western colonisers sought to supplant non-western medical practices. Instead, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 175.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(discrete regional medical traditions intersected in diverse and intricate ways; sometimes integrating with one )] TJ ET BT 34.016 161.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(another, sometimes clashing. All of the contributions in this section make clear that the history of medicine )] TJ ET BT 34.016 147.461 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(in non-western regions should not be written from western perspectives or be concerned only with the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 133.205 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(diseases and practices recognised by the west. Indigenous traditions also need to be assessed on their own )] TJ ET BT 34.016 118.949 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(terms.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 92.693 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The third section, entitled ?themes and methods?, adopts a more thematic approach and opens with )] TJ ET BT 34.016 78.437 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(fascinating contributions on the medicalisation of age by Alysa Levene and Susannah Ottaway. As a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 64.181 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(meaningful category, childhood has had an extremely fluid history, whilst it is only relatively recently that )] TJ ET BT 34.016 49.925 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(specialisms such as paediatrics have emerged in a form familiar to us today. Levene demonstrates how youth )] TJ ET endstream endobj 16 0 obj [14 0 R /Fit] endobj 17 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 18 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 440.3237 612.3175 454.3157 624.1975 ] >> endobj 18 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 19 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Contents 20 0 R >> endobj 20 0 obj << /Length 7360 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(became compartmentalised into discrete categories of infanthood, childhood and adolescence in the modern )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(period; a development with important medical implications as physicians and paediatricians began )] TJ ET BT 34.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(approaching diseases and complaints specifically associated with childhood from around the 19th century, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(while simultaneously delineating ?normal? conditions of parental care and nurturing. Ottaway, meanwhile, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 739.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(approaches the issue of age from the other end of the spectrum: old age. As life expectancy rose from the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 725.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(late 19th century, new questions were raised regarding how best to care for an ageing population. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 710.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Contemporaneously, medical and scientific investigators strove to ascertain the biology of ageing, as well as )] TJ ET BT 34.016 696.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(conditions such as the menopause. Bodies do not remain temporally static but are constantly changing and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 682.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(ageing. How these processes have been understood, and how particular medical complaints at different )] TJ ET BT 34.016 668.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(stages of the life cycle, form a fascinating area of historical study.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 641.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Further contributions in this section suggest that chronic illness should occupy a more important position )] TJ ET BT 34.016 627.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(within medical history, a discipline often dominated by efforts to map the history of contagious epidemic )] TJ ET BT 34.016 613.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(diseases such as tuberculosis and cholera. Although not always life-threatening, an array of other bodily )] TJ ET BT 34.016 599.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(complaints has impacted detrimentally upon personal well-being whilst shaping the day-to-day work of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 584.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(physicians. As Carsten Timmermann persuasively argues, in many ways chronic disease emerged as a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 570.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(distinct medical category only in the early 20th century, a scenario that fostered inaccurate presumptions that )] TJ ET BT 34.016 556.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(those living in earlier periods were more prone to suffering from acute, infectious diseases. Modernity itself )] TJ ET BT 34.016 542.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(has been cited as a prime cause of chronic illnesses including peptic ulcer disease, diabetes and constipation. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 527.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Yet complaints such as these have a much longer history, whilst their impact upon quality of life demarcates )] TJ ET BT 34.016 513.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(them as important areas of historical inquiry. Public health, meanwhile, is expertly dealt with by Christopher )] TJ ET BT 34.016 499.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Hamlin, who demonstrates how, from the 19th century, public health officials and medical investigators )] TJ ET BT 34.016 485.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(became convinced of the personal and social benefits of cleanliness, sanitation and health policing. Their )] TJ ET BT 34.016 470.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(views were, to a certain extent, cemented by the gradual acceptance of germs theory later that century. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 456.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Developments such as these had ramifications for virtually all aspects of personal and communal life )] TJ ET BT 34.016 442.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(including domestic life, workplace activity and the regulation of cities and towns. Public health was one )] TJ ET BT 34.016 428.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(means of rendering infectious disease more manageable, the successes of which partially explain why )] TJ ET BT 34.016 413.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(chronic illness became emphasised during the 20th century.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 387.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Public health was, of course, not the only arena in which medical authority expanded historically. For )] TJ ET BT 34.016 373.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(instance, working life became increasingly regulated by new standards of health and risk prevention over the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 359.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(last two centuries. The Industrial Revolution spawned a new set of workplace hazards and health concerns, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 344.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(allowing members of the medical community to extend their authority over working lives, a theme discussed )] TJ ET BT 34.016 330.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(in Christopher Sellers? contribution on health, work and the environment. Medicine has also increasingly )] TJ ET BT 34.016 316.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(intervened in more private arenas such as sexuality. This is astutely demonstrated by Gayle Davis who maps )] TJ ET BT 34.016 302.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(a range of debates including late 19th-century medical responses to prostitution, which notoriously )] TJ ET BT 34.016 287.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(investigated the bodies of female prostitutes through harsh routines of medical inspection whilst neglecting )] TJ ET BT 34.016 273.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(to target the bodies of men who used their services. Davis also discusses how medicine framed )] TJ ET BT 34.016 259.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(homosexuality as a dangerous and pathological state until relatively recently. New sciences of sexuality )] TJ ET BT 34.016 244.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(emerged in the early 20th century and contributed to this discourse by further delineating the boundaries )] TJ ET BT 34.016 230.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(between ?normal? and ?abnormal? sexual behaviour. Over the last 200 years or so, medical thought and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 216.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(practice clearly came to provide a pervasive framework that structured working life and intimate behaviour. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 202.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Society, in many ways, became medicalised, whilst our lives became increasingly impacted upon by that )] TJ ET BT 34.016 187.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(shift.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 161.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Physical medicine is mostly awarded preference over psychiatric and psychological medicine within )] TJ ET BT 34.016 147.461 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Jackson?s volume. From the 19th century, large publicly-funded asylums were constructed in many western )] TJ ET BT 34.016 133.205 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(countries designed to house those deemed as suffering from ever expanding categories of mental disorder. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 118.949 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(During the following century, new psychological sciences emerged that forced a consideration of how )] TJ ET BT 34.016 104.693 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(abstract psychological processes might influence personalities and behavioural patterns. Mental illness crops )] TJ ET BT 34.016 90.437 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(up relatively infrequently within this volume. However, an important chapter on medicine and the mind is )] TJ ET BT 34.016 76.181 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(offered by Rhodri Hayward, who points to the uneasy positioning of the mind sciences in modern medicine; )] TJ ET BT 34.016 61.925 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(an area of medical activity where reputations have been notoriously tarnished by concerns over electric )] TJ ET endstream endobj 21 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 23 0 R 25 0 R 27 0 R ] /Contents 22 0 R >> endobj 22 0 obj << /Length 4619 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(shock therapy, indiscriminate institutionalisation and psychosurgery. Psychiatry and psychology are )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(disciplines where knowledge has often proven less certain and less concrete in comparison to physical )] TJ ET BT 34.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(medicine. As chapters such as Hayward?s suggest, medical knowledge is not produced in an isolated )] TJ ET BT 34.016 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(vacuum. Instead, it is very much shaped by the society, culture and political environment within which it is )] TJ ET BT 34.016 739.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(produced. This is especially the case when the causes of physical or psychological sickness are unclear and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 725.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(hard to pin down. Instead, investigators look for causative factors outside of the body when attempting to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 710.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(comprehend illness and bodily disorder. Although clearly diverse, all of the contributions to this final )] TJ ET BT 34.016 696.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(thematic section collectively establish medical history as a vibrant area of enquiry which has much to say )] TJ ET BT 34.016 682.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(about present-day concerns relating to health and medicine.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 656.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Overall, Mark Jackson?s )] TJ ET BT 155.984 656.165 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The Oxford Handbook of the History of Medicine )] TJ ET BT 395.960 656.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(provides an ambitious, up-to-date )] TJ ET BT 34.016 641.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and thought-provoking overview of the key themes, methodologies and debates in medical history. It offers )] TJ ET BT 34.016 627.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(a large-scale review of the field expertly penned by leading international scholars, providing introductory )] TJ ET BT 34.016 613.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(chapters to 34 different topics as well as offering suggestions to other researchers as to some of the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 599.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(directions that future research could productively pursue. As a guide to medical history, it is virtually )] TJ ET BT 34.016 584.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(flawless, meaning that the volume?s contributions will remain on academic reading lists for decades to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 570.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(come. It would be easy, given the limitations of space in volumes such as these, to pick out inevitable )] TJ ET BT 34.016 556.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(omissions, so I will refrain from doing so. But I did wonder, given recent shifts in medical history, what )] TJ ET BT 34.016 542.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(future the editor foresees for some of the categories of analysis most commonly associated with medical )] TJ ET BT 34.016 527.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(history but not discussed in specific chapters in this volume, such as medical reform, or the development of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 513.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(medical sub-disciplines such as pathological anatomy, nutrition, nursing, hospitals, medical technologies, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 499.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and so on.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 464.451 Td /F3 18.0 Tf [(Notes)] TJ ET BT 48.816 433.834 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(1.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 433.829 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Companion Encyclopaedia of the History of Medicine)] TJ ET BT 323.324 433.829 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, ed. William F. Bynum and Roy Porter )] TJ ET BT 64.016 419.573 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(London, 1992\).)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 142.340 419.573 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(1\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 142.340 418.179 m 196.328 418.179 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 393.317 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Other reviews:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 379.061 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Wellcome Trust)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 34.016 364.805 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.wellcome.ac.uk/News/2011/News/WTVM052633.htm)] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.016 363.411 m 354.656 363.411 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 357.656 364.805 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([2])] TJ ET 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.391 360.079 526.499 1.500 re S BT 34.016 342.299 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Source URL:)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 104.672 342.299 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/review/1275)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 104.672 340.905 m 328.316 340.905 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 315.928 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Links:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 301.528 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([1] http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/item/21814)] TJ ET BT 34.016 287.128 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([2] http://www.wellcome.ac.uk/News/2011/News/WTVM052633.htm)] TJ ET endstream endobj 23 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 24 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 142.3397 418.4935 196.3277 430.3735 ] >> endobj 24 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /GoTo /D 16 0 R >> endobj 25 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 26 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 34.0157 363.7255 354.6557 375.6055 ] >> endobj 26 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.wellcome.ac.uk/News/2011/News/WTVM052633.htm) >> endobj 27 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 28 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 104.6717 341.2195 328.3157 353.0995 ] >> endobj 28 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/review/1275) >> endobj xref 0 29 0000000000 65535 f 0000000008 00000 n 0000000073 00000 n 0000000119 00000 n 0000000342 00000 n 0000000379 00000 n 0000000549 00000 n 0000000631 00000 n 0000004861 00000 n 0000004970 00000 n 0000005080 00000 n 0000005189 00000 n 0000008750 00000 n 0000008878 00000 n 0000008962 00000 n 0000009046 00000 n 0000016771 00000 n 0000016801 00000 n 0000016929 00000 n 0000016965 00000 n 0000017030 00000 n 0000024443 00000 n 0000024541 00000 n 0000029213 00000 n 0000029341 00000 n 0000029396 00000 n 0000029523 00000 n 0000029630 00000 n 0000029758 00000 n trailer << /Size 29 /Root 1 0 R /Info 5 0 R >> startxref 29854 %%EOF