%PDF-1.3 1 0 obj << /Type /Catalog /Outlines 2 0 R /Pages 3 0 R >> endobj 2 0 obj << /Type /Outlines /Count 0 >> endobj 3 0 obj << /Type /Pages /Kids [6 0 R 20 0 R 25 0 R ] /Count 3 /Resources << /ProcSet 4 0 R /Font << /F1 8 0 R /F2 9 0 R /F3 10 0 R >> /XObject << /I1 11 0 R >> >> /MediaBox [0.000 0.000 595.280 841.890] >> endobj 4 0 obj [/PDF /Text /ImageC ] endobj 5 0 obj << /Creator (DOMPDF) /CreationDate (D:20140417180547+01'00') /ModDate (D:20140417180547+01'00') /Title (Violent Victorians: Popular Entertainment in Nineteenth-Century London) >> endobj 6 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 12 0 R 15 0 R 18 0 R ] /Contents 7 0 R >> endobj 7 0 obj << /Length 4587 >> stream q 381.750 0 0 120.000 34.016 687.874 cm /I1 Do Q 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Published on )] TJ ET BT 99.356 676.469 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Reviews in History)] TJ ET BT 190.016 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \()] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 197.012 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 197.012 675.075 m 357.332 675.075 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 357.332 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\))] TJ ET 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.391 653.743 526.499 1.500 re S BT 34.016 615.321 Td /F3 18.0 Tf [(Violent Victorians: Popular Entertainment in Nineteenth-Century )] TJ ET BT 34.016 593.937 Td /F3 18.0 Tf [(London)] TJ ET BT 34.016 266.195 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Rosalind Crone?s )] TJ ET BT 122.012 266.195 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Violent Victorians)] TJ ET BT 209.684 266.195 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( is the kind of book that should be on every undergraduate reading list )] TJ ET BT 34.016 251.939 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(for 19th-century studies. The intricacies of class, of the multi-faceted character of a modernising society, and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 237.683 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of the many faces of urban popular culture are all brought together here by a central thread examining the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 223.427 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(place of violence ? or rather, its representations ? in the Victorian era.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 197.171 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Crone?s study, ?[b]y drawing attention to the very violent content of a range of prominent genres of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 182.915 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(entertainment between )] TJ ET BT 145.988 182.915 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(c.)] TJ ET BT 154.316 182.915 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( 1820 and )] TJ ET BT 204.644 182.915 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(c.)] TJ ET BT 212.972 182.915 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( 1870?, aims to ?[challenge] the common narrative of reform and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 168.659 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(pacification so often used to describe nineteenth-century society?. At the heart of her study is the tension she )] TJ ET BT 34.016 154.403 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(perceives between our view of the 1800s as witness to what sociologist Norbert Elias famously called the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 140.147 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(?civilizing process? )] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 131.996 140.147 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(1\))] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 131.996 138.753 m 145.988 138.753 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 145.988 140.147 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, and the darker image of its urban centres as places of ?dreadful delight? )] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 499.556 140.147 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(2\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 499.556 138.753 m 513.548 138.753 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 513.548 140.147 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, where )] TJ ET BT 34.016 125.891 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Jack the Ripper stalked shadowy alleys and crowds bayed for blood at public executions. For Crone, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 111.635 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(narratives of violence \(and it is the most extreme form of violence, murder, that forms the basis of most of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 97.379 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the book\) were not simply devoured by the vulgar and bloodthirsty ?lower orders?, but infiltrated all levels )] TJ ET BT 34.016 83.123 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of society ? albeit often in subtly different forms.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 56.867 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The format of the book is clever, with each chapter examining one form of violent entertainment as a way in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 563.315 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Review Number:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 549.059 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(1279)] TJ ET BT 34.016 534.803 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publish date:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 520.547 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Thursday, 28 June, 2012)] TJ ET BT 34.016 506.291 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Author:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 492.035 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Rosalind Crone)] TJ ET BT 34.016 477.779 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(ISBN:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 463.523 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(9780719086847)] TJ ET BT 34.016 449.267 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Date of Publication:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 435.011 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(2012)] TJ ET BT 34.016 420.755 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Price:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 406.499 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(16.99)] TJ ET BT 34.016 392.243 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Pages:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 377.987 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(320pp.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 363.731 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publisher:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 349.475 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Manchester University Press)] TJ ET BT 34.016 335.219 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Place of Publication:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 320.963 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Manchester)] TJ ET BT 34.016 306.707 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Reviewer:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 292.451 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Jennifer Wallis)] TJ ET endstream endobj 8 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F1 /BaseFont /Times-Roman /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 9 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F2 /BaseFont /Times-Italic /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 10 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F3 /BaseFont /Times-Bold /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 11 0 obj << /Type /XObject /Subtype /Image /Width 509 /Height 160 /Filter /FlateDecode /DecodeParms << /Predictor 15 /Colors 3 /Columns 509 /BitsPerComponent 8>> /Mask [ 255 255 255 255 255 255 ] /ColorSpace /DeviceRGB /BitsPerComponent 8 /Length 3280>> stream x[EQ㎦fVttҒ +3O{?lGDQԯDrB^.ϯ%~'0۠/2>0AG_>0j0GCfE67>rB^}@  !&y+r?INp:erc b8f=rQC!~-Wf^^zF[)G 2ޯe7V_Go3Ke GEGOo8rώ#\1ZY~N6^H}yLxS-!:412V+u\-LSO?xVvZ|GjǮT_8EYJF=Tw^ 7GxfN/S:Ʌ~ʟtt?5n÷J'JcF-GVξx{rO~tJd;#a\7}|~y'>}c2C vR}f׈**h.)_&@pfzjsx:5;S\vKhM5j=!Cn+h"u]a EUN]jn=k<,:Ք>sU!ni~6EJ)¦72?G}[y}_vc$t?iSܟ2Zݞ,VN?_`='RFK1A2qv&X_lLRWY'%:I㢖zb_UEx\>&ɆBˏ~K@ \gYØU4}$8Dv!'Q'*+Εj(UCGo[#< 2Ja(sZi9fZKE Rn`u\9r^Zmɯ׹}mstO4uc~#'jEvۼ Dx[z ޏQ4KL5,5u3>i^uÒ-53ba ~,~/pyt1fMU'CVm:qv~=Y'Es"WsφG?l_kN5}],Ow7 uh`xƫ?zMl7ٻv$A(4Dl(wwH} ?=[=S;yC]^BK>㕪9`Z'Wj;E|:bf>kCԘ#RY,iv쵗~}n'"1u" *uO΄/2^Sxr(!/DD\~mJyZ!MmrA!#u[if|99WB WΡpp}w}sh#,\ &:%˳X?D3 %W0cC?o̲^} F3XLVn]Cߖiϧ!7}yZJ#P7]=)7Ρp;>> Ye^xx{Oafw{ ;>4gfLt ʊ:q%#r/)pv!O4wGh|dS ӣݽހ-gVUC'pBxrB^} 7JA^} /'8!`:r?}}],X  }6y!`/~Br?}Q< >k7vx"] ,' .3jn{-i}|~%-};b6#U)7繎kiEw 㤳:E}[޼c"rꬊ7Dc$~"/Y&zSd:tFȌCrʙ`7u .#[-<)j ?TGS(j~oTup(hjU4PlJ=}|it.ҽ@\wʨuXÞZcx18Wo<~ikOg,ވ\^?EneyZcc0[R١z|zv7_m:_n]a?osS3~j^ hD.a_X'KfBX6w wݶ"Oa:,bvhrWH[uCF-Xfc}>x+Rz)2N-B 7y^٨;[/vg? | |2Sve}=o䑰j[vWjF0{굦?VI~}xM(_TlG__+]:#к?S} c>GŸD7 !w{S{B =x7a?oE#)+Gz:o_4Q<;n?\tt7?mGCџQGu4kņOF>F?#} hP&ђߴM#u!.СtL2^#o nIk_i.~7tr@n 1P~3?.[]=S5b߮~Yo^HFH YBi8a4iom>CKgMy*;?zqEӕ` >zB9iFzC?XF?ޟIܰ펉A}{I5ᄊx%ez#Mp@rߎpi]IOVjzuJt\۰f׺u5><,J~PTJp1)}){9N {!`/> endstream endobj 12 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 13 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 197.0117 675.3895 357.3317 687.2695 ] >> endobj 13 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews) >> endobj 14 0 obj [6 0 R /Fit] endobj 15 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 16 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 131.9957 139.0675 145.9877 150.9475 ] >> endobj 16 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 17 0 obj [6 0 R /Fit] endobj 18 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 19 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 499.5557 139.0675 513.5477 150.9475 ] >> endobj 19 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 20 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 23 0 R ] /Contents 21 0 R >> endobj 21 0 obj << /Length 7610 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(to wider discussions on the character of Victorian society and industry. Chapter two uses Punch and Judy )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(shows to examine the rise and fall of street entertainments as well as perceptions of gender behaviour, whilst )] TJ ET BT 34.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(chapter five views the mid 19th?century press and growing literacy levels through the lens of Sweeney Todd )] TJ ET BT 34.016 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and his ?murder machine?. The picture that Crone paints is one of constant innovation and adaptation to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 739.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(changing social mores and economic pressures. Punchinello, the marionette puppet who we meet at the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 725.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(beginning of chapter two, was a character who initially provided comic interludes to performances during )] TJ ET BT 34.016 710.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the Restoration period. As such entertainments began to move from the fairground to smaller-scale street )] TJ ET BT 34.016 696.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(performances, the glove-puppet version saw Punch become the star of his own show, but also a wife-beater )] TJ ET BT 34.016 682.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and murderer. Other characters arrived to share Punch?s stage, all meeting the same unfortunate fate in short )] TJ ET BT 34.016 668.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(self-contained scenes that could be watched from beginning to end by passers-by. Later, Punch and Judy )] TJ ET BT 34.016 653.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(shows shifted into the domestic arena, with showmen hired for private performances to indulge a middle- )] TJ ET BT 34.016 639.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and upper-class sense of nostalgia ? Punch reflecting ?the pleasurable elements of Regency culture, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 625.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(including hedonism and misogyny? \(p. 63\).)] TJ ET BT 34.016 599.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(One of the most fascinating chapters is that examining ?scaffold culture? and the ?cult of the murderer?. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 584.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Here, Crone charts the disappearance of the former with the abolition of public execution in 1868, and the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 570.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(subsequent emergence of exhibits and memorabilia that constituted the latter. These ranged from ?execution )] TJ ET BT 34.016 556.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(broadsides? \(apparently increasing in number as the spectacle of public execution became less usual\) to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 542.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Madame Tussaud?s Chamber of Horrors, where the visitor could contemplate the visages of England?s most )] TJ ET BT 34.016 527.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(notorious criminals. Perhaps most bizarre were earthenware figurines of murderers, their victims, and the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 513.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(scene of crime. The scene of crime became a huge draw in the 19th century as other tangible manifestations )] TJ ET BT 34.016 499.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of crime \(such as the execution\) disappeared from public view; murder scenes came to serve a double )] TJ ET BT 34.016 485.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(function as both real-life tableaux and source of souvenir material. Boards from the infamous Red Barn )] TJ ET BT 34.016 470.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(where Maria Marten was killed by her lover were ripped down and split into fragments for sale as )] TJ ET BT 34.016 456.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(?curiosities?, and customers were able to buy pieces of a hedge ? through which a body had been dragged ? )] TJ ET BT 34.016 442.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(by the inch. Crone locates the fashion for macabre pottery within two crazes of the 1820s and late 1840s. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 428.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The 1820s saw the Red Barn murder immortalised in figurines of Marten and her murderer William Corder, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 413.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(but also quaint models of the barn itself. The second craze drew upon the case of James Blomfield Rush who )] TJ ET BT 34.016 399.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(was executed for murder in 1849, both he and his house being quickly modelled in earthenware. These )] TJ ET BT 34.016 385.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(souvenirs, says Crone, were likely bought from itinerant traders, or at fairgrounds and seaside resorts ? one )] TJ ET BT 34.016 371.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(example is a creamware mug bearing a portrait of the murderer framed by a delicate leaf garland. Painted in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 356.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(attractive bright colours, they were a form of conspicuous working-class consumerism as well as a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 342.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(convenient alternative to attending the site of murder itself, often depicting events from across the country )] TJ ET BT 34.016 328.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(that were sold to a London audience.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 302.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Explaining her explicit focus on London, Crone notes that this was where processes of change in the 19th )] TJ ET BT 34.016 287.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(century were ?experienced most intensively?. Although the 19th century saw a move towards urban )] TJ ET BT 34.016 273.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(regeneration with streets re-designed and slums eradicated, for the everyday Londoner the period was ?one )] TJ ET BT 34.016 259.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of instability, social upheaval and discontentment?, as people struggled to adapt to the rapid changes taking )] TJ ET BT 34.016 244.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(place around them. It was also the place that was seen by contemporaries as most receptive to narratives of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 230.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(violence, where audiences were apparently ?easily delighted with the spectacle of bloodshed and suffering?.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 34.016 216.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(3\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.016 215.091 m 48.008 215.091 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 48.008 216.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(This wasn?t a spectacle peculiar to the 19th century: the annual May Fair near Piccadilly entertained )] TJ ET BT 34.016 202.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(audiences with cudgelling, prizefighting, and mock executions performed by puppets until the Fair?s )] TJ ET BT 34.016 187.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(abolition in 1760.\) Whilst the concentration on London is logical, and likely the only practical way to tackle )] TJ ET BT 34.016 173.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the overarching issues whilst retaining the book?s general readability, Crone?s focus on developing )] TJ ET BT 34.016 159.461 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(communication networks \(such as the popular press\) necessarily raises the question of how tales of violence )] TJ ET BT 34.016 145.205 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(were played out beyond the metropolis, and in this way the book is likely to be a jumping-off point for much )] TJ ET BT 34.016 130.949 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(future work on the subject.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 104.693 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Situating)] TJ ET BT 80.360 104.693 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Violent Victorians)] TJ ET BT 168.032 104.693 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(within the wider historiography, Crone notes how the notion of separate spheres )] TJ ET BT 34.016 90.437 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(in which women were confined to the domestic, and men enjoyed the privilege of forays into the public\) has )] TJ ET BT 34.016 76.181 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(recently lost its dominant position as an interpretation of the period, and asks if we are ?on the cusp of a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 61.925 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(similar revolution with respect to our understanding of respectability in Victorian England? \(p. 265\). She )] TJ ET endstream endobj 22 0 obj [20 0 R /Fit] endobj 23 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 24 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 34.0157 215.4055 48.0077 227.2855 ] >> endobj 24 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 25 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 27 0 R 29 0 R 31 0 R 33 0 R 35 0 R 37 0 R 39 0 R ] /Contents 26 0 R >> endobj 26 0 obj << /Length 7479 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(points, for example, to digitisation projects that have challenged our traditional image of the Victorians in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(recent years ? such as )] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 140.972 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The Proceedings of the Old Bailey online)] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 140.972 780.819 m 340.280 780.819 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 343.280 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([2])] TJ ET BT 357.272 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, and collections such as Adam Matthew )] TJ ET BT 34.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Digital?s )] TJ ET BT 80.348 767.957 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(London Low Life)] TJ ET BT 162.368 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(. Whilst some historians may question the utility of comparing the notion of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(gendered separate spheres to the world of popular entertainment, Crone successfully highlights how neat )] TJ ET BT 34.016 739.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(articulations of historical phenomena such as separate sphere ideology are rarely wholly accurate. The )] TJ ET BT 34.016 725.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(decline of penny bloods \(violent and cheap instalment fiction\) as evidence of the ?purification? of print )] TJ ET BT 34.016 710.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(culture for example, must be viewed alongside the rise of the penny dreadful produced for young male )] TJ ET BT 34.016 696.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(readers, which reinvented the old tropes of the penny blood by adding heroic characters to appeal to an )] TJ ET BT 34.016 682.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(adolescent readership.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 656.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Throughout )] TJ ET BT 93.680 656.165 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Violent Victorians)] TJ ET BT 181.352 656.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, the reader is cuaght wondering how different we really are today in our )] TJ ET BT 34.016 641.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(fascination for violence, murder and stories of human tragedy. Interest in the scenes of horrific crimes )] TJ ET BT 34.016 627.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(continues in the form of London?s Jack the Ripper walks, whilst the production of murder souvenirs is )] TJ ET BT 34.016 613.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(paralleled in the cult of celebrity surrounding individuals such as Charles Manson \(staring out from )] TJ ET BT 34.016 599.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(countless t-shirts\) or John Wayne Gacy \(whose paintings are sought after by collectors of murder )] TJ ET BT 34.016 584.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(memorabilia\). In the epilogue, Crone?s brief examination of modern phenomena such as the hugely popular)] TJ ET BT 34.016 570.629 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Saw)] TJ ET BT 54.020 570.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( franchise highlights a central argument of the book nicely: in identifying parallels between our own )] TJ ET BT 34.016 556.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(world and that of our 19th-century counterparts, we are also forced to question our vision of Victorian )] TJ ET BT 34.016 542.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(society as easily divisible using convenient taxonomies, such as low culture vs. high or violence vs. civility. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 527.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Throughout the book, Crone clearly emphasises that the penchant for violent entertainments was one that cut )] TJ ET BT 34.016 513.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(across all sections of society, re-cast in various formats according to audience.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 487.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Considering the wide range of subjects covered, a useful addition to the book would have been a short )] TJ ET BT 34.016 473.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(glossary. Though it admittedly doesn?t require too many leaps of the imagination to surmise what ?throwing-)] TJ ET BT 34.016 458.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(at-cocks? or ?duck-hunting? consisted of, some items are less obvious to the reader unfamiliar with the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 444.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(history of print culture \(?flash ballads?, for example\), and a short note on these terms would have been most )] TJ ET BT 34.016 430.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(welcome. The volume is generously illustrated, with full page reproductions of the striking imagery used in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 416.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the ephemera Crone analyzes, and her writing style is enjoyably accessible ? despite its subject matter, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 401.813 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Violent Victorians)] TJ ET BT 121.688 401.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( is really rather good fun to read.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 375.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [()] TJ ET BT 34.016 340.659 Td /F3 18.0 Tf [(Notes)] TJ ET BT 48.816 310.042 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(1.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 310.037 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(N. Elias, )] TJ ET BT 108.680 310.037 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The Civilizing Process)] TJ ET BT 217.352 310.037 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, trans. Edmund Jephcott \(2 vols., Oxford, 1978\).)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 452.996 310.037 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(1\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 452.996 308.643 m 506.984 308.643 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 48.816 295.786 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(2.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 295.781 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(See J. R. Walkowitz, )] TJ ET BT 167.672 295.781 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(City of Dreadful Delight: Narratives of Sexual Danger in late-Victorian London)] TJ ET BT 64.016 281.525 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(Chicago, IL, 1992\).)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 162.332 281.525 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(2\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 162.332 280.131 m 216.320 280.131 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 48.816 267.274 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(3.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 267.269 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(W. B. Boulton, )] TJ ET BT 140.024 267.269 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The Amusements of Old London)] TJ ET BT 294.020 267.269 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(2 vols., London, 1901\), vol. 2, pp. 222?3. Cited in R. )] TJ ET BT 64.016 253.013 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Crone, )] TJ ET BT 99.344 253.013 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Violent Victorians: Popular Entertainment in Nineteenth-Century London )] TJ ET BT 457.676 253.013 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(Manchester, 2012\), )] TJ ET BT 64.016 238.757 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(p. 42.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 91.016 238.757 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(3\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 91.016 237.363 m 145.004 237.363 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 212.501 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Other reviews:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 198.245 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Journal of Victorian Culture Online)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 34.016 183.989 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://myblogs.informa.com/jvc/2012/06/05/book-review-bloody-victorians-violence-and-historical-)] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.016 182.595 m 515.972 182.595 l S BT 34.016 169.733 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(narrative/)] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.016 168.339 m 80.000 168.339 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 83.000 169.733 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([3])] TJ ET 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.391 165.007 526.499 1.500 re S BT 34.016 147.227 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Source URL:)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 104.672 147.227 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/review/1279)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 104.672 145.833 m 328.316 145.833 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 120.856 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Links:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 106.456 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([1] http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/item/22699)] TJ ET BT 34.016 92.056 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([2] http://www.oldbaileyonline.org/)] TJ ET BT 34.016 77.771 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([3] http://myblogs.informa.com/jvc/2012/06/05/book-review-bloody-victorians-violence-and-historical-)] TJ ET BT 34.016 63.400 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(narrative/)] TJ ET endstream endobj 27 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 28 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 140.9717 781.1335 340.2797 793.0135 ] >> endobj 28 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.oldbaileyonline.org/) >> endobj 29 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 30 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 452.9957 308.9575 506.9837 320.8375 ] >> endobj 30 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /GoTo /D 14 0 R >> endobj 31 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 32 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 162.3317 280.4455 216.3197 292.3255 ] >> endobj 32 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /GoTo /D 17 0 R >> endobj 33 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 34 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 91.0157 237.6775 145.0037 249.5575 ] >> endobj 34 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /GoTo /D 22 0 R >> endobj 35 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 36 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 34.0157 182.9095 515.9717 194.7895 ] >> endobj 36 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://myblogs.informa.com/jvc/2012/06/05/book-review-bloody-victorians-violence-and-historical-narrative/) >> endobj 37 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 38 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 34.0157 168.6535 79.9997 180.5335 ] >> endobj 38 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://myblogs.informa.com/jvc/2012/06/05/book-review-bloody-victorians-violence-and-historical-narrative/) >> endobj 39 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 40 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 104.6717 146.1475 328.3157 158.0275 ] >> endobj 40 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/review/1279) >> endobj xref 0 41 0000000000 65535 f 0000000008 00000 n 0000000073 00000 n 0000000119 00000 n 0000000335 00000 n 0000000372 00000 n 0000000566 00000 n 0000000662 00000 n 0000005301 00000 n 0000005410 00000 n 0000005520 00000 n 0000005629 00000 n 0000009190 00000 n 0000009318 00000 n 0000009402 00000 n 0000009431 00000 n 0000009559 00000 n 0000009595 00000 n 0000009624 00000 n 0000009752 00000 n 0000009788 00000 n 0000009872 00000 n 0000017535 00000 n 0000017565 00000 n 0000017691 00000 n 0000017727 00000 n 0000017853 00000 n 0000025385 00000 n 0000025513 00000 n 0000025596 00000 n 0000025724 00000 n 0000025779 00000 n 0000025907 00000 n 0000025962 00000 n 0000026089 00000 n 0000026144 00000 n 0000026271 00000 n 0000026429 00000 n 0000026555 00000 n 0000026713 00000 n 0000026841 00000 n trailer << /Size 41 /Root 1 0 R /Info 5 0 R >> startxref 26937 %%EOF