%PDF-1.3 1 0 obj << /Type /Catalog /Outlines 2 0 R /Pages 3 0 R >> endobj 2 0 obj << /Type /Outlines /Count 0 >> endobj 3 0 obj << /Type /Pages /Kids [6 0 R 14 0 R 16 0 R 24 0 R ] /Count 4 /Resources << /ProcSet 4 0 R /Font << /F1 8 0 R /F2 9 0 R /F3 10 0 R >> /XObject << /I1 11 0 R >> >> /MediaBox [0.000 0.000 595.280 841.890] >> endobj 4 0 obj [/PDF /Text /ImageC ] endobj 5 0 obj << /Creator (DOMPDF) /CreationDate (D:20140916214920+01'00') /ModDate (D:20140916214920+01'00') /Title (Richard Bentley: Poetry and Enlightenment) >> endobj 6 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 12 0 R ] /Contents 7 0 R >> endobj 7 0 obj << /Length 4389 >> stream q 381.750 0 0 120.000 34.016 687.874 cm /I1 Do Q 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Published on )] TJ ET BT 99.356 676.469 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Reviews in History)] TJ ET BT 190.016 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \()] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 197.012 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 197.012 675.075 m 357.332 675.075 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 357.332 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\))] TJ ET 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.391 653.743 526.499 1.500 re S BT 34.016 615.321 Td /F3 18.0 Tf [(Richard Bentley: Poetry and Enlightenment)] TJ ET BT 34.016 273.323 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Over the last twenty years Richard Bentley?s star has, if not exactly risen, then at least been mapped. His )] TJ ET BT 34.016 259.067 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(denouncing of the Letters of Phalaris as fakes \()] TJ ET BT 259.964 259.067 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Dissertation upon the Epistles of Phalaris,)] TJ ET BT 464.648 259.067 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( 1697\) in the face )] TJ ET BT 34.016 244.811 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of Sir William Temple?s judgment of taste that they were authentic to the Sicilian tyrant \(?An essay upon )] TJ ET BT 34.016 230.555 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the ancient and modern learning?, 1690\), earned him an unenviable place as the butt of satire in Jonathan )] TJ ET BT 34.016 216.299 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Swift?s )] TJ ET BT 73.016 216.299 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The Battel of the Books )] TJ ET BT 188.012 216.299 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(1705\). But his hermeneutic method of seeking more or less obscure )] TJ ET BT 34.016 202.043 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(evidence on which to make inferences about non-religious texts, both classical and modern, has been given )] TJ ET BT 34.016 187.787 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(its rightful place on the trajectory towards the literary scholarship that we recognize today.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 161.531 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(It is Bentley?s curious double position in the history of letters that Kristine Louise Haugen brings us with )] TJ ET BT 34.016 147.275 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(some skill. Taking as her starting point the work of Joseph Levine, Marcus Walsh, Jonathan Kramnick and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 133.019 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Simon Jarvis, she begins with an account of Cambridge before Bentley, and the classical scholarship that he )] TJ ET BT 34.016 118.763 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(would have learned there as an undergraduate. In this sense, Haugen?s book follows Samuel Johnson?s )] TJ ET BT 34.016 104.507 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(approbation of Thomas Warton?s )] TJ ET BT 197.984 104.507 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Observations on the Faerie Queene of Spenser)] TJ ET BT 422.612 104.507 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(1754\): ?You have shown )] TJ ET BT 34.016 90.251 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(to all who shall hereafter attempt the study of our ancient authours the way to success, by directing them to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 75.995 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the perusal of the books which those authours had read?. Next, Haugen fills in the gaps in the evidence about )] TJ ET BT 34.016 61.739 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Bentley?s early life with a contextual study of the polemical activities in the house of Edward Stillingfleet, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 584.699 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Review Number:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 570.443 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(1289)] TJ ET BT 34.016 556.187 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publish date:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 541.931 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Friday, 20 July, 2012)] TJ ET BT 34.016 527.675 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Author:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 513.419 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Kristine Louise Haugen)] TJ ET BT 34.016 499.163 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(ISBN:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 484.907 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(9780674058712)] TJ ET BT 34.016 470.651 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Date of Publication:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 456.395 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(2011)] TJ ET BT 34.016 442.139 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Price:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 427.883 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(29.95)] TJ ET BT 34.016 413.627 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Pages:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 399.371 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(352pp.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 385.115 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publisher:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 370.859 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Harvard University Press)] TJ ET BT 34.016 356.603 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publisher url:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 342.347 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Place of Publication:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 328.091 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Harvard, CT)] TJ ET BT 34.016 313.835 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Reviewer:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 299.579 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Chris Mounsey)] TJ ET endstream endobj 8 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F1 /BaseFont /Times-Roman /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 9 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F2 /BaseFont /Times-Italic /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 10 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F3 /BaseFont /Times-Bold /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 11 0 obj << /Type /XObject /Subtype /Image /Width 509 /Height 160 /Filter /FlateDecode /DecodeParms << /Predictor 15 /Colors 3 /Columns 509 /BitsPerComponent 8>> /Mask [ 255 255 255 255 255 255 ] /ColorSpace /DeviceRGB /BitsPerComponent 8 /Length 3280>> stream x[EQ㎦fVttҒ +3O{?lGDQԯDrB^.ϯ%~'0۠/2>0AG_>0j0GCfE67>rB^}@  !&y+r?INp:erc b8f=rQC!~-Wf^^zF[)G 2ޯe7V_Go3Ke GEGOo8rώ#\1ZY~N6^H}yLxS-!:412V+u\-LSO?xVvZ|GjǮT_8EYJF=Tw^ 7GxfN/S:Ʌ~ʟtt?5n÷J'JcF-GVξx{rO~tJd;#a\7}|~y'>}c2C vR}f׈**h.)_&@pfzjsx:5;S\vKhM5j=!Cn+h"u]a EUN]jn=k<,:Ք>sU!ni~6EJ)¦72?G}[y}_vc$t?iSܟ2Zݞ,VN?_`='RFK1A2qv&X_lLRWY'%:I㢖zb_UEx\>&ɆBˏ~K@ \gYØU4}$8Dv!'Q'*+Εj(UCGo[#< 2Ja(sZi9fZKE Rn`u\9r^Zmɯ׹}mstO4uc~#'jEvۼ Dx[z ޏQ4KL5,5u3>i^uÒ-53ba ~,~/pyt1fMU'CVm:qv~=Y'Es"WsφG?l_kN5}],Ow7 uh`xƫ?zMl7ٻv$A(4Dl(wwH} ?=[=S;yC]^BK>㕪9`Z'Wj;E|:bf>kCԘ#RY,iv쵗~}n'"1u" *uO΄/2^Sxr(!/DD\~mJyZ!MmrA!#u[if|99WB WΡpp}w}sh#,\ &:%˳X?D3 %W0cC?o̲^} F3XLVn]Cߖiϧ!7}yZJ#P7]=)7Ρp;>> Ye^xx{Oafw{ ;>4gfLt ʊ:q%#r/)pv!O4wGh|dS ӣݽހ-gVUC'pBxrB^} 7JA^} /'8!`:r?}}],X  }6y!`/~Br?}Q< >k7vx"] ,' .3jn{-i}|~%-};b6#U)7繎kiEw 㤳:E}[޼c"rꬊ7Dc$~"/Y&zSd:tFȌCrʙ`7u .#[-<)j ?TGS(j~oTup(hjU4PlJ=}|it.ҽ@\wʨuXÞZcx18Wo<~ikOg,ވ\^?EneyZcc0[R١z|zv7_m:_n]a?osS3~j^ hD.a_X'KfBX6w wݶ"Oa:,bvhrWH[uCF-Xfc}>x+Rz)2N-B 7y^٨;[/vg? | |2Sve}=o䑰j[vWjF0{굦?VI~}xM(_TlG__+]:#к?S} c>GŸD7 !w{S{B =x7a?oE#)+Gz:o_4Q<;n?\tt7?mGCџQGu4kņOF>F?#} hP&ђߴM#u!.СtL2^#o nIk_i.~7tr@n 1P~3?.[]=S5b߮~Yo^HFH YBi8a4iom>CKgMy*;?zqEӕ` >zB9iFzC?XF?ޟIܰ펉A}{I5ᄊx%ez#Mp@rߎpi]IOVjzuJt\۰f׺u5><,J~PTJp1)}){9N {!`/> endstream endobj 12 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 13 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 197.0117 675.3895 357.3317 687.2695 ] >> endobj 13 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews) >> endobj 14 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Contents 15 0 R >> endobj 15 0 obj << /Length 6034 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Dean of St. Paul?s, inferring that this was where he gained a taste for the Paper Wars that were a staple of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and a spur to, publication in the early 18th century ? and into which Bentley so injudiciously threw himself.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 755.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(By chapter three we get to direct evidence and Bentley?s first publication, the )] TJ ET BT 409.940 755.957 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Letter to Mill)] TJ ET BT 473.948 755.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(1691\), which )] TJ ET BT 34.016 741.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(follows the strictures of the classical learning he would have taken on board in Cambridge by eschewing )] TJ ET BT 34.016 727.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(commentary upon whole works in favour of fragments, and choosing the most obscure texts for his )] TJ ET BT 34.016 713.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(scholarship. In the same way, chapter four explores two editions of the )] TJ ET BT 376.616 713.189 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Dissertation on the Epistles of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 698.933 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Phalaris)] TJ ET BT 75.356 698.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(1697 and 1699\), this time explaining the first as a salvo in a Paper War meant for the common )] TJ ET BT 34.016 684.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(reader, and the second hugely expanded edition \(with countless extra evidential passages\) as meant for the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 670.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(professional critic.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 644.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(In these works Bentley?s methodology and his character as a scholar developed, to come to maturity in his )] TJ ET BT 34.016 629.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(edition of Horace \(1712\). Chapter five, which brings us this extraordinary work, is wonderfully argued. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 615.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Bentley brings more and more evidence to his argument, so much so that his reasoned conjecture soon asks )] TJ ET BT 34.016 601.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(questions of the very text he is explaining. Haugen argues that Bentley ?clearly imagined an archetype or )] TJ ET BT 34.016 587.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(common ancestor of all existing manuscripts, making arguments about how and why its readings had been )] TJ ET BT 34.016 572.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(changed? \(p. 148\), and if no existing manuscript could be found with this perfect reading, then the text must )] TJ ET BT 34.016 558.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(be re-written to conform with the conjecture. Bentley thus sets himself up as the authority figure which he )] TJ ET BT 34.016 544.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(denounced at the beginning of his career. Textual scholarship and the careful transcription of existing )] TJ ET BT 34.016 530.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(manuscripts are rejected in favour of following general rules for poetry that are themselves founded upon )] TJ ET BT 34.016 515.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(imagined texts that are in turn made up of conjectures from many different sources. This process of making )] TJ ET BT 34.016 501.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(an edition has put the editor centre stage ? he chooses which rules are to be deemed general.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 475.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(In chapter six, we see Bentley widening his scope in his edition of Terence \(1726\). Here his method turns to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 461.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the meter of Latin poetry itself, which is regarded as some sort of ur-text that exists before poetry is even )] TJ ET BT 34.016 446.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(written, and from which further changes can be made to the existing manuscripts without giving any )] TJ ET BT 34.016 432.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(evidence. Haugen writes:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 406.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(In the case of Terence and Plautus, Bentley claimed, any metrical account based on quantities alone missed )] TJ ET BT 34.016 392.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the real principle of their verse, which he called its beat \(ictus\). This had been, quite literally, the regular )] TJ ET BT 34.016 377.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(beating of an ancient flute-player's foot throughout a poetic line, and it corresponded \(Bentley said\) to the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 363.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(metrically important syllables in the line, which the ancient actor emphasized through a "raising" or )] TJ ET BT 34.016 349.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [("heightening" of the voice \()] TJ ET BT 167.120 349.301 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(arsis)] TJ ET BT 190.460 349.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\). Bentley envisaged one syllable with arsis for every two metrical feet-a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 335.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(total of three in a trimeter line, four in a tetrameter. The )] TJ ET BT 303.956 335.045 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(arsis)] TJ ET BT 327.296 335.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( sometimes, but by no means always, fell on a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 320.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(syllable that bore word accent according to the standard rules; Terence had made reasonable efforts to keep )] TJ ET BT 34.016 306.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the )] TJ ET BT 51.680 306.533 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(arsis)] TJ ET BT 75.020 306.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( from falling on the last syllable of a word, where the standard rules absolutely forbade the word )] TJ ET BT 34.016 292.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(accent, but only in the third and fourth feet of the trimeter could )] TJ ET BT 343.964 292.277 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(arsis)] TJ ET BT 367.304 292.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( on the last syllable be completely )] TJ ET BT 34.016 278.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(avoided. \(p.171\))] TJ ET BT 34.016 251.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(This is editorial arrogance of the utmost degree, and the fact that Bentley?s proposed edition of the New )] TJ ET BT 34.016 237.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Testament \(chapter seven\) was never published \(for lack of a similar ruling principle\) can but cheer us. But )] TJ ET BT 34.016 223.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(his edition of Milton?s )] TJ ET BT 146.024 223.253 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Paradise Lost)] TJ ET BT 213.032 223.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( was unfortunately not likewise held back.)] TJ ET endstream endobj 16 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 18 0 R 20 0 R 22 0 R ] /Contents 17 0 R >> endobj 17 0 obj << /Length 7693 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 784.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Chapter eight brings us the history of this most ?heartstopping? of editions. With the clear ruling principle of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 770.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(English blank verse to back himself up, Bentley needed only a cheating scribe or type setter to spoil )] TJ ET BT 34.016 755.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Milton?s lines in order to ?argue for his own dominance in a field of contestants? \(p. 212\). He could now )] TJ ET BT 34.016 741.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(make whatever changes his taste thought more correct. Correctly in terms of biography, )] TJ ET BT 458.264 741.701 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Paradise Lost)] TJ ET BT 525.272 741.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( is )] TJ ET BT 34.016 727.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(read against Bentley?s edition of Manilius?s )] TJ ET BT 249.992 727.445 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Astronomica)] TJ ET BT 311.324 727.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, which Haugen argues is treated in the same way )] TJ ET BT 34.016 713.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(as Milton: another victim of a ?bad hand' \()] TJ ET BT 238.148 713.189 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(mala manus\))] TJ ET BT 300.476 713.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, though the edition was begun many years earlier. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 698.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(This is an interesting move as it gives a sense of Bentley?s career, in which the man gains in certainty as he )] TJ ET BT 34.016 684.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(progresses until finally he can do the work he has always wanted to. Completing his career with the Manilius )] TJ ET BT 34.016 670.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(edition fulfils the potential we saw in the first two chapters: it is an obscure text about astrology, a subject )] TJ ET BT 34.016 656.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(which was not well understood. It is thus the perfect text in which to find ?errors?, and being in hexameters )] TJ ET BT 34.016 641.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(with a ruling principle, to put these errors ?right?.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 615.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(But here is where I begin to depart from agreement with Haugen?s project as a whole. She claims in her )] TJ ET BT 34.016 601.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(introduction that ?This book emphasizes the continuous, almost vertiginous changes in scholarly approach )] TJ ET BT 34.016 587.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(that marked each one of Bentley's successive publications? \(p. 7\). Instead, it seems to me that we have a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 572.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(clear development in scholarly methodology in making an edition. We begin with the first important step of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 558.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(bringing evidence to bear upon conjectures in the )] TJ ET BT 273.968 558.629 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Dissertation on Phalaris)] TJ ET BT 392.648 558.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, we then move to the imagined )] TJ ET BT 34.016 544.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(perfect text that lay behind the conjectures of the Horace, to the preposterous conjecture of a poetic ruling )] TJ ET BT 34.016 530.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(principle that allowed for any unevidenced conjectures Bentley chose to make in the Terence, culminating in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 515.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the dreaming up of a )] TJ ET BT 136.328 515.861 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(mala manus)] TJ ET BT 194.660 515.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( to spoil the early versions of Milton and Manilius so that Bentley could )] TJ ET BT 34.016 501.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(put them right again.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 475.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(However, Haugen insists that ?Bentley's critical methods [both] impressed by their deep commitment to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 461.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(reason and to law ... [and] held that reasoned judgment and observation could \(and should\) take the scholar )] TJ ET BT 34.016 446.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(far beyond the actual evidence before him? \(p. 5\). This would seem to conflate the stages of his scholarly )] TJ ET BT 34.016 432.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(development. In the beginning of his career, we must be filled with admiration of the method that he used to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 418.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(stand up against Sir William Temple ? empirical evidence is brought to bear against baseless opinion. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 404.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Swift?s attack on him in )] TJ ET BT 153.680 404.069 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The Battel of the Books)] TJ ET BT 265.676 404.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( is half-hearted and comes just before one of the book?s )] TJ ET BT 34.016 389.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(hiatuses. When he is attacked by Pope in the )] TJ ET BT 250.652 389.813 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Dunciad)] TJ ET BT 291.980 389.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, after the Milton edition, Bentley?s methodology has )] TJ ET BT 34.016 375.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(become as self-deluding and self-supporting as Temple?s, and so is ripe for the lash.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 349.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(That said, we must cautiously agree with Haugen?s challenging statement that ?To inquire about Bentley's )] TJ ET BT 34.016 335.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(career, then, is to initiate a nearly violent dialectic between his alienness and his family resemblance to us? )] TJ ET BT 34.016 320.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(p. 7\), if we read ?us? to mean ?modern literary scholars?. We must be careful not to follow too closely in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 306.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Bentley?s direction, we must maintain our faith in evidence and we must avoid believing too strongly in our )] TJ ET BT 34.016 292.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(own version of the ?truth?.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 266.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The question is where the balance in biography ought to lie, between giving us the facts about a person, and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 251.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(giving an interpretation. Richard Bentley is, and remains, a difficult subject since he was one of the greatest )] TJ ET BT 34.016 237.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(classical scholars of his age, and advanced the study of poetry in English. But he was also for great reason )] TJ ET BT 34.016 223.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(painted as the buffoon in many a contemporary satire. Such doubleness is not unusual in an 18th-century )] TJ ET BT 34.016 208.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(figure: Christopher Smart could, in the same lifetime, publish two translations of Horace \(one in prose and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 194.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(one in verse\) and perform political satire on stage dressed as Mrs Mary Midnight, he could write nationally )] TJ ET BT 34.016 180.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(significant poems on the attributes of the Supreme Being, and also trivial lyrics for the pleasure gardens. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 166.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(One wonders whether Bentley took himself as lightly as Smart did in his more ridiculous moments.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 139.973 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Other reviews:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 125.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Bryn Mawr)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 34.016 111.461 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://bmcr.brynmawr.edu/2012/2012-02-25.html)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.016 110.067 m 271.676 110.067 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 274.676 111.461 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([2])] TJ ET BT 34.016 97.205 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(London Review Of Books)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 34.016 82.949 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.lrb.co.uk/v33/n19/colin-burrow/pissing-on-idiots)] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.016 81.555 m 327.020 81.555 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 330.020 82.949 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([3])] TJ ET BT 34.016 68.693 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Times Higher Education)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 34.016 54.437 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.timeshighereducation.co.uk/story.asp)] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.016 53.043 m 270.668 53.043 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 273.668 54.437 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([4])] TJ ET endstream endobj 18 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 19 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 34.0157 110.3815 271.6757 122.2615 ] >> endobj 19 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://bmcr.brynmawr.edu/2012/2012-02-25.html) >> endobj 20 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 21 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 34.0157 81.8695 327.0197 93.7495 ] >> endobj 21 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.lrb.co.uk/v33/n19/colin-burrow/pissing-on-idiots) >> endobj 22 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 23 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 34.0157 53.3575 270.6677 65.2375 ] >> endobj 23 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.timeshighereducation.co.uk/story.asp?storyCode=417193§ioncode=26) >> endobj 24 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 26 0 R ] /Contents 25 0 R >> endobj 25 0 obj << /Length 881 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.391 805.999 526.499 1.500 re S BT 34.016 788.219 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Source URL:)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 104.672 788.219 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/review/1289)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 104.672 786.825 m 328.316 786.825 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 761.848 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Links:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 747.448 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([1] http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/item/25373)] TJ ET BT 34.016 733.048 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([2] http://bmcr.brynmawr.edu/2012/2012-02-25.html)] TJ ET BT 34.016 718.648 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([3] http://www.lrb.co.uk/v33/n19/colin-burrow/pissing-on-idiots)] TJ ET BT 34.016 704.248 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([4] http://www.timeshighereducation.co.uk/story.asp?storyCode=417193&sectioncode=26)] TJ ET endstream endobj 26 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 27 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 104.6717 787.1395 328.3157 799.0195 ] >> endobj 27 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/review/1289) >> endobj xref 0 28 0000000000 65535 f 0000000008 00000 n 0000000073 00000 n 0000000119 00000 n 0000000342 00000 n 0000000379 00000 n 0000000544 00000 n 0000000626 00000 n 0000005067 00000 n 0000005176 00000 n 0000005286 00000 n 0000005395 00000 n 0000008956 00000 n 0000009084 00000 n 0000009168 00000 n 0000009233 00000 n 0000015320 00000 n 0000015418 00000 n 0000023164 00000 n 0000023291 00000 n 0000023388 00000 n 0000023513 00000 n 0000023624 00000 n 0000023749 00000 n 0000023880 00000 n 0000023964 00000 n 0000024897 00000 n 0000025025 00000 n trailer << /Size 28 /Root 1 0 R /Info 5 0 R >> startxref 25121 %%EOF