%PDF-1.3 1 0 obj << /Type /Catalog /Outlines 2 0 R /Pages 3 0 R >> endobj 2 0 obj << /Type /Outlines /Count 0 >> endobj 3 0 obj << /Type /Pages /Kids [6 0 R 14 0 R 16 0 R 18 0 R 20 0 R ] /Count 5 /Resources << /ProcSet 4 0 R /Font << /F1 8 0 R /F2 9 0 R /F3 10 0 R >> /XObject << /I1 11 0 R >> >> /MediaBox [0.000 0.000 595.280 841.890] >> endobj 4 0 obj [/PDF /Text /ImageC ] endobj 5 0 obj << /Creator (DOMPDF) /CreationDate (D:20140930101946+01'00') /ModDate (D:20140930101946+01'00') /Title (Victorian Culture and Classical Antiquity: Art, Opera, Fiction, and the Proclamation of Modernity) >> endobj 6 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 12 0 R ] /Contents 7 0 R >> endobj 7 0 obj << /Length 4185 >> stream q 381.750 0 0 120.000 34.016 687.874 cm /I1 Do Q 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Published on )] TJ ET BT 99.356 676.469 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Reviews in History)] TJ ET BT 190.016 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \()] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 197.012 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 197.012 675.075 m 357.332 675.075 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 357.332 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\))] TJ ET 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.391 653.743 526.499 1.500 re S BT 34.016 615.321 Td /F3 18.0 Tf [(Victorian Culture and Classical Antiquity: Art, Opera, Fiction, and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 593.937 Td /F3 18.0 Tf [(the Proclamation of Modernity)] TJ ET BT 34.016 266.195 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Simon Goldhill throws down the gauntlet to the entire field of classical reception studies in his new book )] TJ ET BT 34.016 251.939 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Victorian Culture and Classical Antiquity)] TJ ET BT 234.704 251.939 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(. This flourishing sub-discipline of Classics has, in the last two )] TJ ET BT 34.016 237.683 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(decades in particular, explored a variety of theoretical and methodological approaches. It has also attempted )] TJ ET BT 34.016 223.427 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(to forge connections with and creatively borrow from other academic disciplines including History, Literary )] TJ ET BT 34.016 209.171 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Studies, Art History and Cultural Studies to name but a few. Interdisciplinary by its very nature classical )] TJ ET BT 34.016 194.915 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(reception requires researchers working in the field to engage both with antiquity and its cultural products, as )] TJ ET BT 34.016 180.659 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(well as with their reception in later periods and cultures. Research projects of this nature are intellectually )] TJ ET BT 34.016 166.403 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(challenging because they necessitate the crossing of disciplinary boundaries. Therein of course lies the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 152.147 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(inherent danger, namely of producing work that has too broad a remit and therefore, as some detractors )] TJ ET BT 34.016 137.891 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(would have it, adds nothing of value to our understanding of classical antiquity. Goldhill?s contention, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 123.635 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(however, is that we have not gone far enough down this road.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 97.379 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Goldhill urges a move away from the currently favoured two-way model of the analysis of the influence and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 83.123 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(impact of a classical source \(whether that be an ancient text\(s\), an artefact\(s\), or more generally the history )] TJ ET BT 34.016 68.867 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and culture of the Graeco-Roman world\) in subsequent centuries. Instead he proposes that researchers )] TJ ET BT 34.016 54.611 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(working in the field examine more fully the complex dynamics of this process as ?an event within cultural )] TJ ET BT 34.016 563.315 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Review Number:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 549.059 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(1292)] TJ ET BT 34.016 534.803 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publish date:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 520.547 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Thursday, 26 July, 2012)] TJ ET BT 34.016 506.291 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Author:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 492.035 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Simon Goldhill)] TJ ET BT 34.016 477.779 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(ISBN:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 463.523 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(9780691149844)] TJ ET BT 34.016 449.267 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Date of Publication:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 435.011 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(2011)] TJ ET BT 34.016 420.755 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Price:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 406.499 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(30.95)] TJ ET BT 34.016 392.243 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Pages:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 377.987 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(368pp.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 363.731 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publisher:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 349.475 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Princeton University Press)] TJ ET BT 34.016 335.219 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Place of Publication:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 320.963 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Princeton, NJ)] TJ ET BT 34.016 306.707 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Reviewer:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 292.451 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Anastasia Bakogianni)] TJ ET endstream endobj 8 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F1 /BaseFont /Times-Roman /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 9 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F2 /BaseFont /Times-Italic /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 10 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F3 /BaseFont /Times-Bold /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 11 0 obj << /Type /XObject /Subtype /Image /Width 509 /Height 160 /Filter /FlateDecode /DecodeParms << /Predictor 15 /Colors 3 /Columns 509 /BitsPerComponent 8>> /Mask [ 255 255 255 255 255 255 ] /ColorSpace /DeviceRGB /BitsPerComponent 8 /Length 3280>> stream x[EQ㎦fVttҒ +3O{?lGDQԯDrB^.ϯ%~'0۠/2>0AG_>0j0GCfE67>rB^}@  !&y+r?INp:erc b8f=rQC!~-Wf^^zF[)G 2ޯe7V_Go3Ke GEGOo8rώ#\1ZY~N6^H}yLxS-!:412V+u\-LSO?xVvZ|GjǮT_8EYJF=Tw^ 7GxfN/S:Ʌ~ʟtt?5n÷J'JcF-GVξx{rO~tJd;#a\7}|~y'>}c2C vR}f׈**h.)_&@pfzjsx:5;S\vKhM5j=!Cn+h"u]a EUN]jn=k<,:Ք>sU!ni~6EJ)¦72?G}[y}_vc$t?iSܟ2Zݞ,VN?_`='RFK1A2qv&X_lLRWY'%:I㢖zb_UEx\>&ɆBˏ~K@ \gYØU4}$8Dv!'Q'*+Εj(UCGo[#< 2Ja(sZi9fZKE Rn`u\9r^Zmɯ׹}mstO4uc~#'jEvۼ Dx[z ޏQ4KL5,5u3>i^uÒ-53ba ~,~/pyt1fMU'CVm:qv~=Y'Es"WsφG?l_kN5}],Ow7 uh`xƫ?zMl7ٻv$A(4Dl(wwH} ?=[=S;yC]^BK>㕪9`Z'Wj;E|:bf>kCԘ#RY,iv쵗~}n'"1u" *uO΄/2^Sxr(!/DD\~mJyZ!MmrA!#u[if|99WB WΡpp}w}sh#,\ &:%˳X?D3 %W0cC?o̲^} F3XLVn]Cߖiϧ!7}yZJ#P7]=)7Ρp;>> Ye^xx{Oafw{ ;>4gfLt ʊ:q%#r/)pv!O4wGh|dS ӣݽހ-gVUC'pBxrB^} 7JA^} /'8!`:r?}}],X  }6y!`/~Br?}Q< >k7vx"] ,' .3jn{-i}|~%-};b6#U)7繎kiEw 㤳:E}[޼c"rꬊ7Dc$~"/Y&zSd:tFȌCrʙ`7u .#[-<)j ?TGS(j~oTup(hjU4PlJ=}|it.ҽ@\wʨuXÞZcx18Wo<~ikOg,ވ\^?EneyZcc0[R١z|zv7_m:_n]a?osS3~j^ hD.a_X'KfBX6w wݶ"Oa:,bvhrWH[uCF-Xfc}>x+Rz)2N-B 7y^٨;[/vg? | |2Sve}=o䑰j[vWjF0{굦?VI~}xM(_TlG__+]:#к?S} c>GŸD7 !w{S{B =x7a?oE#)+Gz:o_4Q<;n?\tt7?mGCџQGu4kņOF>F?#} hP&ђߴM#u!.СtL2^#o nIk_i.~7tr@n 1P~3?.[]=S5b߮~Yo^HFH YBi8a4iom>CKgMy*;?zqEӕ` >zB9iFzC?XF?ޟIܰ펉A}{I5ᄊx%ez#Mp@rߎpi]IOVjzuJt\۰f׺u5><,J~PTJp1)}){9N {!`/> endstream endobj 12 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 13 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 197.0117 675.3895 357.3317 687.2695 ] >> endobj 13 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews) >> endobj 14 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Contents 15 0 R >> endobj 15 0 obj << /Length 7126 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(history? \(p. 124\). In other words he advocates that we adopt a broader definition of the term ?reception? and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(that we widen the scope of its remit. In order to illustrate his point and as an example of his methodological )] TJ ET BT 34.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(approach he offers his readers three case studies in the mediums of art, opera and fiction drawn from his own )] TJ ET BT 34.016 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(research interests in the reception of Graeco-Roman culture in the Victorian period. Collectively this tri-)] TJ ET BT 34.016 739.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(partite analysis is designed to illustrate the richness of the Victorian responses to the classical past and the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 725.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(corresponding widening of the scope of analysis required in order to do full justice to such a complex topic.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 698.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(What are the advantages of Goldhill?s methodology for researchers working in the field? This by necessity )] TJ ET BT 34.016 684.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(brief summary is intended to provide an answer to this question as well as to draw attention to some of the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 670.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(specific problems and possible pitfalls of adopting this particular approach to classical reception research )] TJ ET BT 34.016 656.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(projects.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 629.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Goldhill raises his doubts about the suitability of the current model of reception studies in his introduction )] TJ ET BT 34.016 615.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(by drawing attention to the privileged position that antiquity held at the very heart of Victorian culture. It is )] TJ ET BT 34.016 601.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(precisely because of its cultural cache that Classics became such a heavily contested ideological arena and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 587.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(one that necessitates a multi-layered response from all scholars engaging with the topic. Antiquity was used )] TJ ET BT 34.016 572.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and abused in a variety of ways in support of opposing points of view. On the one hand, Classics was used to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 558.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(sustain and perpetuate contemporary power structures, particularly through the key role it played in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 544.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(education. Equally however, it could be used to undermine established certainties and to threaten the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 530.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(construction of Victorian self-identity. The ancient worlds of Greece and Rome was a means of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 515.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(understanding and negotiating the modern world with reference to an idealized past. Goldhill argues that in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 501.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(order to provide a full analysis of these complex and contesting strands of the reception of antiquity in the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 487.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Victorian period one needs to explore multiple frames of reference. In other words an ?inclusive? model of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 473.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(reception is required, if one wants to explore all the facets of the reception phenomenon.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 446.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Goldhill?s own response to this challenge was to divide his own project into three thematically linked )] TJ ET BT 34.016 432.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(sections that explore different aspects of the Victorians? reception of the classical past \(very broadly defined )] TJ ET BT 34.016 418.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(to include late antiquity\). Part one is entitled ?Art and Desire? and in it Goldhill explores the theme of erotic )] TJ ET BT 34.016 404.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(desire and the role of the spectator in the classicizing art of John William Waterhouse and in Lawrence )] TJ ET BT 34.016 389.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Alma-Tadema?s reception of the figure of the archaic poetess Sappho. In his discussion Goldhill destabilises )] TJ ET BT 34.016 375.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the current prevailing view of these artists as outmoded and demonstrates how they used the classical past )] TJ ET BT 34.016 361.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(creatively as a means of confronting the taboo subject of erotic desire.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 335.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The portrayal of the naked human body was the cause of a great deal of anxiety and debate in Victorian )] TJ ET BT 34.016 320.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(culture. Clothing it in classical ?dress? made its depiction acceptable, but as Goldhill demonstrates both )] TJ ET BT 34.016 306.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Waterhouse and Alma-Tadema, for all their devotion to archaeological authenticity, did not simply sanitize )] TJ ET BT 34.016 292.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(their subject matter. The undercurrents of transgressive desire are still visible in their paintings; they are just )] TJ ET BT 34.016 278.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(disguised under several layers of classical reception. The more familiar the viewer is with the classical )] TJ ET BT 34.016 263.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(sources themselves the more the veneer of respectability is destabilised to expose the underlying anxiety )] TJ ET BT 34.016 249.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(over the transgressive nature of desire. It is only at the nexus of classical source, reception, artist and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 235.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(audience, however, that this complex relationship is negotiated.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 208.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Goldhill is at some pains to remind his readers of another complicating factor. With the passing of time the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 194.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(meaning of this confluence is renegotiated and its meaning changes. In part two, ?Music and Cultural )] TJ ET BT 34.016 180.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Politics?, Goldhill demonstrates this point more forcibly by examining the change of fortunes undergone by )] TJ ET BT 34.016 166.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Christoph Willibald Gluck?s classicizing operas. Originally they were viewed as a welcome return to ancient )] TJ ET BT 34.016 151.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Greek models of drama. They also heralded the democratization of the art form, from a spectacle that only )] TJ ET BT 34.016 137.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(aristocratic audiences were privileged to watch to a more commercial appreciation of the medium. In the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 123.461 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(centuries that followed, however, Gluck?s operas came to be viewed as deeply conservative examples of the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 109.205 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(eighteenth-century?s reception of antiquity. Goldhill charts this change of fortunes from revolutionary to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 94.949 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(conservative interpretations of the same works of art by exploring in details the historical, political and socio-)] TJ ET BT 34.016 80.693 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(cultural contexts of their original performance and subsequent re-performances that engendered these wildly )] TJ ET BT 34.016 66.437 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(differing responses in their audiences.)] TJ ET endstream endobj 16 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Contents 17 0 R >> endobj 17 0 obj << /Length 5880 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 784.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(This phenomenon of the cultural silencing or forgetting of the revolutionary potential of Gluck?s operas was )] TJ ET BT 34.016 770.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(repeated in the much more disturbing case of Richard Wagner?s operatic oeuvre. Wagner believed that the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 755.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(German people were the true heirs of the ancient Greeks and therefore enjoyed a special relationship with )] TJ ET BT 34.016 741.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(their culture. His nationalism and his belief in racial theory found expression in his operas as well as in his )] TJ ET BT 34.016 727.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(theoretical writings. This darker aspect of his operas had to be whitewashed out of their performance )] TJ ET BT 34.016 713.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(following Germany?s defeat in World War Two. In the post-war era a decision was made to return to a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 698.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(classical aesthetic for the staging of Wagner?s operas to replace the Germanic trappings that he had )] TJ ET BT 34.016 684.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(envisaged when he founded the Bayreuth Festival. This new approach signalled an attempt to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 670.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(?silence?/?forget? Wagner?s pernicious racial theories and political beliefs so integral to the creation of his )] TJ ET BT 34.016 656.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(operas. Goldhill?s analysis which draws attention to this act of deliberate ?forgetting? is a disturbing )] TJ ET BT 34.016 641.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(reminder of just how often the ancient world has been used to endorse and to promote such dangerous )] TJ ET BT 34.016 627.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(ideologies. It is crucial that we resist all such attempts to expunge the record of the darker side of the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 613.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(reception of the classics.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 587.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Classical antiquity is not a stable entity. Its meaning is renegotiated over time and it remains in constant flux. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 572.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The performance of its receptions must always be considered in the light of their contexts. Antiquity means )] TJ ET BT 34.016 558.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(different things to different audiences. This essential point is again demonstrated in the third part of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 544.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Goldhill?s book ?Fiction: Victorian Novels of Ancient Rome?, which examines the phenomenon of the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 530.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(depiction of early Christianity under the Roman Empire in the novels of the period. In this case study it is )] TJ ET BT 34.016 515.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(important to consider the contemporary religious debates that shaped the reception of ancient Rome in these )] TJ ET BT 34.016 501.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(novels. Edward Gibbon, in his seminal work )] TJ ET BT 251.000 501.605 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The History of the Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire)] TJ ET BT 527.648 501.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, drew )] TJ ET BT 34.016 487.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(attention to the inherent problem faced by Christian readers when they asked themselves why the pagans )] TJ ET BT 34.016 473.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(they held in such high regard refused to accept Christianity. The authority of the Church faced new )] TJ ET BT 34.016 458.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(challenges in the nineteenth century and religion became a hotly contested arena. Ancient history played a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 444.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(key role in this debate; in many ways the equal of the challenge posed by science. The questioning of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 430.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(miracles and of the validity of the Gospels in general grew out of the trend to problematize ancient history )] TJ ET BT 34.016 416.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and in particular the foundation myths of the Graeco-Roman cultures. Once the authority of the ancient )] TJ ET BT 34.016 401.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(historians and authors was questioned the accounts of the early Christians also came under close scrutiny. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 387.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The boundaries between history and fiction were thus blurred and in this in-between space the genre of the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 373.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(historical novel flourished.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 347.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Goldhill explores the representation of antiquity in these novels with a particular focus on the relationship )] TJ ET BT 34.016 332.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(between pagans and early Christians. The genre proved particularly popular in the nineteenth century, so his )] TJ ET BT 34.016 318.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(analysis focuses on several key texts including Edward Bulwer Lytton?s )] TJ ET BT 384.632 318.533 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The Last Days of Pompeii)] TJ ET BT 509.300 318.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(1834\), )] TJ ET BT 34.016 304.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Lee Wallace?s )] TJ ET BT 107.312 304.277 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Ben Hur: A Tale of Christ )] TJ ET BT 235.316 304.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(1880\) Walter Pater?s )] TJ ET BT 343.616 304.277 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Marius the Epicurean)] TJ ET BT 448.940 304.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(1885\) and Henryk )] TJ ET BT 34.016 290.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Sienkiewicz?s )] TJ ET BT 105.668 290.021 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Quo Vadis )] TJ ET BT 159.668 290.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(1896\). These four authors and many others often adopted a scholarly persona in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 275.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(their writing thus further blurring the line between academic discourse and fiction. This self-conscious )] TJ ET BT 34.016 261.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(writing style, embellished with direct authorial interjections and scholarly references, provided the means for )] TJ ET BT 34.016 247.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(staging contemporary religious debates in the past.)] TJ ET endstream endobj 18 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Contents 19 0 R >> endobj 19 0 obj << /Length 6507 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 784.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The complexity of the framework against which these novels about ancient Rome have to be considered is )] TJ ET BT 34.016 770.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(further complicated by Goldhill?s acknowledgement that the life and work of the artist has to be given its )] TJ ET BT 34.016 755.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(place in the discussion. In order to demonstrate this point he provides a close reading of two novelists and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 741.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(their output: Charles Kingsley and Frederic William Farrar. These two Victorians represented two very )] TJ ET BT 34.016 727.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(different ideological positions. Kingsley, a protg of Queen Victoria, represented the forces of Anglicanism )] TJ ET BT 34.016 713.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and was staunchly anti-Catholic. In his novels, most famously perhaps in )] TJ ET BT 387.656 713.189 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Hypatia)] TJ ET BT 426.320 713.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(1853\) he condemned )] TJ ET BT 34.016 698.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(excessive religious fervour as fundamentally un-British. Farrar preferred to tread the middle ground and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 684.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(believed in universal reconciliation, the idea that eventually everyone would be saved. In his )] TJ ET BT 481.268 684.677 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Darkness and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 670.421 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Dawn )] TJ ET BT 65.684 670.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(1891\) and )] TJ ET BT 121.004 670.421 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Gathering Clouds)] TJ ET BT 207.344 670.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(1896\) he portrayed a series of pagan characters struggling to come to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 656.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(terms with Christianity. The novels also demonstrate Farrar?s belief in the importance of a classical )] TJ ET BT 34.016 641.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(education. Both writers had their own agendas when they constructed their versions of ancient Rome, but )] TJ ET BT 34.016 627.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(they also build upon models created by earlier contributors to the genre, who had established many of the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 613.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(stereotypes about ancient Rome still current today.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 587.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(In the ?Coda? that provides the epilogue to the book Goldhill reinforces his argument that the Victorian )] TJ ET BT 34.016 572.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(vision of antiquity continues to inform our modern understanding of the ancient world. He uses one last )] TJ ET BT 34.016 558.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(example that of Andy Warhol?s reception of Wilhelm von Gloeden to illustrate his conclusions. This )] TJ ET BT 34.016 544.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Victorian photographer posed his models in order to create a series of ?classical? studies of the male body. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 530.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Warhol, in turn, creatively borrowed from Gloeden in his own work with male models in the photographic )] TJ ET BT 34.016 515.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(medium. He thus received these ancient artistic models by means of their Victorian reception and updated )] TJ ET BT 34.016 501.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(them for his own time. Goldhill?s argument is that artists, composers and writers have engaged with )] TJ ET BT 34.016 487.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(contemporary debates and anxieties with recourse to the past. They have thus paradoxically proclaimed their )] TJ ET BT 34.016 473.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(modernity by reinventing the past, because as Goldhill puts it ultimately classical reception is about ?finding )] TJ ET BT 34.016 458.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(one?s own place in history? \(p. 272\). This is an on-going process that continues down to the present, but in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 444.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Goldhill?s opinion the Victorian period offers us a very useful model for examining and discussing this )] TJ ET BT 34.016 430.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(dialogue with the past.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 404.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(I hope that this brief outline of Goldhill?s volume immediately makes apparent the wide scope of his project )] TJ ET BT 34.016 389.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and the complexity of his analysis. His breath of coverage is nothing sort of impressive and it is matched by )] TJ ET BT 34.016 375.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(his detailed knowledge of his case studies. This type of approach demands nothing less than a thorough )] TJ ET BT 34.016 361.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(knowledge of the period under examination. This is a project that has obviously developed over many years )] TJ ET BT 34.016 347.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and this is reflected in the number of threads that Goldhill can pull together in order to construct the different )] TJ ET BT 34.016 332.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(sections of his discussion. The effect is cumulative leading to a better understanding of the multiple facets of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 318.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the reception of antiquity in the Victorian period. It thus also demands a lot from its readers asking them to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 304.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(absorb such a wealth of material without getting lost in the details. In all honesty not all research projects )] TJ ET BT 34.016 290.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(can hope to match the breadth of Goldhill?s approach; this is after all the product of a long gestation period. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 275.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(It is, however, a timely reminder that we should at least make the attempt; failing that we should be honest )] TJ ET BT 34.016 261.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(about our limitations. It is good practice after all to acknowledge the boundaries of one?s enquiry and to be )] TJ ET BT 34.016 247.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(prepared to continuously extend them as one?s familiarity with the material grows deeper over time. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 220.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(In this reviewer?s opinion, Goldhill?s challenge is one to which researchers working in the field of classical )] TJ ET BT 34.016 206.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(reception studies should respond, by taking up the gauntlet that he has thrown down and by developing their )] TJ ET BT 34.016 192.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(own responses to the problems he has raised. If the aim is to keep the field of classical reception studies vital )] TJ ET BT 34.016 178.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and open to new theoretical and methodological approaches we need to engage with and respond to the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 163.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(questions raised by Goldhill?s work.)] TJ ET endstream endobj 20 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 22 0 R 24 0 R 26 0 R 28 0 R ] /Contents 21 0 R >> endobj 21 0 obj << /Length 2123 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Other reviews:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Times Higher Educuation)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 34.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.timeshighereducation.co.uk/story.asp)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.016 766.563 m 270.668 766.563 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 273.668 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([2])] TJ ET BT 34.016 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Research Features)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 34.016 739.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.cam.ac.uk/research/features/past-versus-present-in-an-age-of-progress-the-victorians/)] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.016 738.051 m 502.208 738.051 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 505.208 739.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([3])] TJ ET BT 34.016 725.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Rogue Classicism)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 34.016 710.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://rogueclassicism.com/2012/07/03/cj-online-review-goldhill-victorian-culture-and-classical-antiquity/)] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.016 709.539 m 544.964 709.539 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 696.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([4])] TJ ET 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.391 691.951 526.499 1.500 re S BT 34.016 674.171 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Source URL:)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 104.672 674.171 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/review/1292)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 104.672 672.777 m 328.316 672.777 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 647.800 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Links:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 633.400 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([1] http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/item/26275)] TJ ET BT 34.016 619.000 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([2] http://www.timeshighereducation.co.uk/story.asp?storyCode=417890&sectioncode=26)] TJ ET BT 34.016 604.600 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([3] http://www.cam.ac.uk/research/features/past-versus-present-in-an-age-of-progress-the-victorians/)] TJ ET BT 34.016 590.315 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([4] http://rogueclassicism.com/2012/07/03/cj-online-review-goldhill-victorian-culture-and-classical-)] TJ ET BT 34.016 575.944 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(antiquity/)] TJ ET endstream endobj 22 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 23 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 34.0157 766.8775 270.6677 778.7575 ] >> endobj 23 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.timeshighereducation.co.uk/story.asp?storyCode=417890§ioncode=26) >> endobj 24 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 25 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 34.0157 738.3655 502.2077 750.2455 ] >> endobj 25 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.cam.ac.uk/research/features/past-versus-present-in-an-age-of-progress-the-victorians/) >> endobj 26 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 27 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 34.0157 709.8535 544.9637 721.7335 ] >> endobj 27 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://rogueclassicism.com/2012/07/03/cj-online-review-goldhill-victorian-culture-and-classical-antiquity/) >> endobj 28 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 29 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 104.6717 673.0915 328.3157 684.9715 ] >> endobj 29 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/review/1292) >> endobj xref 0 30 0000000000 65535 f 0000000008 00000 n 0000000073 00000 n 0000000119 00000 n 0000000349 00000 n 0000000386 00000 n 0000000607 00000 n 0000000689 00000 n 0000004926 00000 n 0000005035 00000 n 0000005145 00000 n 0000005254 00000 n 0000008815 00000 n 0000008943 00000 n 0000009027 00000 n 0000009092 00000 n 0000016271 00000 n 0000016336 00000 n 0000022269 00000 n 0000022334 00000 n 0000028894 00000 n 0000028999 00000 n 0000031175 00000 n 0000031302 00000 n 0000031433 00000 n 0000031560 00000 n 0000031708 00000 n 0000031835 00000 n 0000031993 00000 n 0000032121 00000 n trailer << /Size 30 /Root 1 0 R /Info 5 0 R >> startxref 32217 %%EOF