%PDF-1.3 1 0 obj << /Type /Catalog /Outlines 2 0 R /Pages 3 0 R >> endobj 2 0 obj << /Type /Outlines /Count 0 >> endobj 3 0 obj << /Type /Pages /Kids [6 0 R 17 0 R 25 0 R 33 0 R 41 0 R 65 0 R ] /Count 6 /Resources << /ProcSet 4 0 R /Font << /F1 8 0 R /F2 9 0 R /F3 10 0 R >> /XObject << /I1 11 0 R >> >> /MediaBox [0.000 0.000 595.280 841.890] >> endobj 4 0 obj [/PDF /Text /ImageC ] endobj 5 0 obj << /Creator (DOMPDF) /CreationDate (D:20140722080452+01'00') /ModDate (D:20140722080452+01'00') /Title (Silent Music?Medieval Song and the Construction of History in Eighteenth-Century Spain) >> endobj 6 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 12 0 R 15 0 R ] /Contents 7 0 R >> endobj 7 0 obj << /Length 4311 >> stream q 381.750 0 0 120.000 34.016 687.874 cm /I1 Do Q 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Published on )] TJ ET BT 99.356 676.469 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Reviews in History)] TJ ET BT 190.016 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \()] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 197.012 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 197.012 675.075 m 357.332 675.075 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 357.332 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\))] TJ ET 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.391 653.743 526.499 1.500 re S BT 34.016 615.321 Td /F3 18.0 Tf [(Silent Music?Medieval Song and the Construction of History in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 593.937 Td /F3 18.0 Tf [(Eighteenth-Century Spain)] TJ ET BT 34.016 266.195 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(In his early 20th-century anti-clerical novel )] TJ ET BT 248.300 266.195 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(La Catedral)] TJ ET BT 306.644 266.195 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, Vicente Blasco Ibez follows his protagonist into )] TJ ET BT 34.016 251.939 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Toledo Cathedral?s Mozarabic Chapel for the daily celebration of what Richard Ford, in the 19th century, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 237.683 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(called ?this peculiar ritual?: ?As Gabriel listened to the monotonous singing of the Mozarabic priests he )] TJ ET BT 34.016 223.427 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(remembered the quarrels during the time of Alfonso VI between the Roman liturgy and that of Toledo ? the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 209.171 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(foreign worship and the national one. The believers, to end the eternal disputes, appealed to the ?Judgment )] TJ ET BT 34.016 194.915 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of God?. The king named the Roman champion, and the Toledans confided the defense of their Gothic rite to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 180.659 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the sword of Juan Ruiz, a nobleman from the borders of Pisuerga. The champion of the Gothic breviary )] TJ ET BT 34.016 166.403 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(remained triumphant in the fight, demonstrating its superiority with magnificent sword thrusts, but, in spite )] TJ ET BT 34.016 152.147 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of the will of God having been manifested in this warlike way, the Roman rite by slow degrees became )] TJ ET BT 34.016 137.891 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(master of the situation, till at last the Mozarabic ritual was relegated to this small chapel as a curious relic of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 123.635 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the past?.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 79.340 123.635 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(1\))] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 79.340 122.241 m 93.332 122.241 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 97.379 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The origins of Susan Boynton?s impressively wide-ranging monograph \(whose title only obliquely hints at )] TJ ET BT 34.016 83.123 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(its subject matter\) lie in a chance discovery: in October 2001 the author identified a Mozarabic liturgical )] TJ ET BT 34.016 68.867 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(manuscript now in the library of the Hispanic Society of America in New York as an early-11th century )] TJ ET BT 34.016 54.611 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(book of saints? offices that had been missing from the archive of the Spanish primatial Cathedral in Toledo )] TJ ET BT 34.016 563.315 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Review Number:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 549.059 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(1294)] TJ ET BT 34.016 534.803 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publish date:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 520.547 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Thursday, 26 July, 2012)] TJ ET BT 34.016 506.291 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Author:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 492.035 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Susan Boynton)] TJ ET BT 34.016 477.779 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(ISBN:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 463.523 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(9780199754595)] TJ ET BT 34.016 449.267 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Date of Publication:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 435.011 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(2011)] TJ ET BT 34.016 420.755 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Price:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 406.499 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(27.50)] TJ ET BT 34.016 392.243 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Pages:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 377.987 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(240pp.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 363.731 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publisher:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 349.475 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Oxford University Press)] TJ ET BT 34.016 335.219 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Place of Publication:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 320.963 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(New York, NY)] TJ ET BT 34.016 306.707 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Reviewer:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 292.451 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Michael Noone)] TJ ET endstream endobj 8 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F1 /BaseFont /Times-Roman /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 9 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F2 /BaseFont /Times-Italic /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 10 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F3 /BaseFont /Times-Bold /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 11 0 obj << /Type /XObject /Subtype /Image /Width 509 /Height 160 /Filter /FlateDecode /DecodeParms << /Predictor 15 /Colors 3 /Columns 509 /BitsPerComponent 8>> /Mask [ 255 255 255 255 255 255 ] /ColorSpace /DeviceRGB /BitsPerComponent 8 /Length 3280>> stream x[EQ㎦fVttҒ +3O{?lGDQԯDrB^.ϯ%~'0۠/2>0AG_>0j0GCfE67>rB^}@  !&y+r?INp:erc b8f=rQC!~-Wf^^zF[)G 2ޯe7V_Go3Ke GEGOo8rώ#\1ZY~N6^H}yLxS-!:412V+u\-LSO?xVvZ|GjǮT_8EYJF=Tw^ 7GxfN/S:Ʌ~ʟtt?5n÷J'JcF-GVξx{rO~tJd;#a\7}|~y'>}c2C vR}f׈**h.)_&@pfzjsx:5;S\vKhM5j=!Cn+h"u]a EUN]jn=k<,:Ք>sU!ni~6EJ)¦72?G}[y}_vc$t?iSܟ2Zݞ,VN?_`='RFK1A2qv&X_lLRWY'%:I㢖zb_UEx\>&ɆBˏ~K@ \gYØU4}$8Dv!'Q'*+Εj(UCGo[#< 2Ja(sZi9fZKE Rn`u\9r^Zmɯ׹}mstO4uc~#'jEvۼ Dx[z ޏQ4KL5,5u3>i^uÒ-53ba ~,~/pyt1fMU'CVm:qv~=Y'Es"WsφG?l_kN5}],Ow7 uh`xƫ?zMl7ٻv$A(4Dl(wwH} ?=[=S;yC]^BK>㕪9`Z'Wj;E|:bf>kCԘ#RY,iv쵗~}n'"1u" *uO΄/2^Sxr(!/DD\~mJyZ!MmrA!#u[if|99WB WΡpp}w}sh#,\ &:%˳X?D3 %W0cC?o̲^} F3XLVn]Cߖiϧ!7}yZJ#P7]=)7Ρp;>> Ye^xx{Oafw{ ;>4gfLt ʊ:q%#r/)pv!O4wGh|dS ӣݽހ-gVUC'pBxrB^} 7JA^} /'8!`:r?}}],X  }6y!`/~Br?}Q< >k7vx"] ,' .3jn{-i}|~%-};b6#U)7繎kiEw 㤳:E}[޼c"rꬊ7Dc$~"/Y&zSd:tFȌCrʙ`7u .#[-<)j ?TGS(j~oTup(hjU4PlJ=}|it.ҽ@\wʨuXÞZcx18Wo<~ikOg,ވ\^?EneyZcc0[R١z|zv7_m:_n]a?osS3~j^ hD.a_X'KfBX6w wݶ"Oa:,bvhrWH[uCF-Xfc}>x+Rz)2N-B 7y^٨;[/vg? | |2Sve}=o䑰j[vWjF0{굦?VI~}xM(_TlG__+]:#к?S} c>GŸD7 !w{S{B =x7a?oE#)+Gz:o_4Q<;n?\tt7?mGCџQGu4kņOF>F?#} hP&ђߴM#u!.СtL2^#o nIk_i.~7tr@n 1P~3?.[]=S5b߮~Yo^HFH YBi8a4iom>CKgMy*;?zqEӕ` >zB9iFzC?XF?ޟIܰ펉A}{I5ᄊx%ez#Mp@rߎpi]IOVjzuJt\۰f׺u5><,J~PTJp1)}){9N {!`/> endstream endobj 12 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 13 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 197.0117 675.3895 357.3317 687.2695 ] >> endobj 13 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews) >> endobj 14 0 obj [6 0 R /Fit] endobj 15 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 16 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 79.3397 122.5555 93.3317 134.4355 ] >> endobj 16 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 17 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 20 0 R 23 0 R ] /Contents 18 0 R >> endobj 18 0 obj << /Length 8384 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(since the late 19th century.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 162.992 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(2\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 162.992 795.075 m 176.984 795.075 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 176.984 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( When the novelist Vicente Blasco, less than two decades after the publication )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of )] TJ ET BT 47.012 782.213 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(La Catedral,)] TJ ET BT 108.356 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( accepted an invitation to New York from the founder of the Hispanic Society, Archer Milton )] TJ ET BT 34.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Huntington \(1807?1855\), he pronounced words that are now inscribed on a pillar of the Society?s museum, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(to the effect that even if some cataclysm were to befall the peninsula, Spain would continue to exist here in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 739.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the Hispanic Society. As an assessment of the quality and quantity of the museum?s cultural treasures, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 725.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Blasco?s words rank as only slight exaggeration, for the holdings of the Hispanic Society are, indeed, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 710.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(impressive. The circumstances that assured the certainty of Boynton?s identification of her unexpected )] TJ ET BT 34.016 696.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(discovery are themselves extraordinary and in following the trail of these circumstances, Boynton has given )] TJ ET BT 34.016 682.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(us a study whose conclusions reach far beyond the disciplinary bailiwick of the liturgist, the medievalist or )] TJ ET BT 34.016 668.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the musicologist. Fortuitously, the distinctive musical notation of the lost manuscript had been copied by )] TJ ET BT 34.016 653.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(hand in a 1965 Columbia University doctoral dissertation from an exemplar held in Madrid?s National )] TJ ET BT 34.016 639.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Library, an exemplar that itself had been painstakingly copied by hand in the 18th century. Recognizing the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 625.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(musical notation in the New York manuscript as the same as that copied in the dissertation, Boynton was )] TJ ET BT 34.016 611.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(able to verify the New York manuscript?s identity by comparing it with the Madrid copy.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 463.628 611.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(3\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 463.628 609.747 m 477.620 609.747 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 477.620 611.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( Made in 1752 )] TJ ET BT 34.016 596.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(by the Jesuit polymath Andrs Marcos Burriel \(1719?62\), the Madrid copy is familiar to most scholars of the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 582.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Old Hispanic chant yet Boynton seems to have been the first to seriously interrogate Burriel?s motives and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 568.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(to study his )] TJ ET BT 92.360 568.373 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(modus operandi.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 542.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(In 1749, Spain?s second Bourbon monarch, Ferdinand VI \(1746?59\) founded a Royal Commission on the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 527.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Archives, and the Jesuit Burriel was appointed its director. The Royal Commission?s primary objectives )] TJ ET BT 34.016 513.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(were clear and political: they were to locate and transcribe documents in ecclesiastical archives that would )] TJ ET BT 34.016 499.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(strengthen royal control \(the so-called )] TJ ET BT 219.644 499.349 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(patronato real)] TJ ET BT 289.316 499.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\) over ecclesiastical benefices and property at a time of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 485.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(continuing negotiations with the Vatican. Since the 16th century the )] TJ ET BT 363.656 485.093 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(patronato real)] TJ ET BT 433.328 485.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( had allowed Spanish )] TJ ET BT 34.016 470.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(monarchs to appoint bishops without regard to the curia?s wishes, and the original documents turned up by )] TJ ET BT 34.016 456.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the Royal Commission would demonstrate the antiquity of the Spanish monarchy?s claims. Yet these )] TJ ET BT 34.016 442.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(objectives were an expression of a larger and more subtle project that would anchor the Bourbon dynasty?s )] TJ ET BT 34.016 428.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(claims to legitimacy in a transhistorical )] TJ ET BT 226.004 428.069 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(hispanismo)] TJ ET BT 280.676 428.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(. Burriel?s role in this larger vision was explicitly laid out )] TJ ET BT 34.016 413.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(in a letter addressed to the dean and chapter of Toledo cathedral by the secretary of state Jos de Carvajal y )] TJ ET BT 34.016 399.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Lancaster \(1698?1754\). While Burriel?s brief was described as nothing less than the construction of a new )] TJ ET BT 34.016 385.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(ecclesiastical history of Spain, the Mozarabic rite was only mentioned as a footnote in Carvajal?s letter of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 371.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(introduction.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 344.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(In the event, Burriel, the philologist Francisco Prez Bayer, and their team had, within a year, largely )] TJ ET BT 34.016 330.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(completed the tasks of making transcriptions, copies, and inventories of the privileges relating to the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 316.277 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(patronato real)] TJ ET BT 103.688 316.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( from the Toledo Cathedral archive. In the autumn of 1751, then, Burriel?s team set to work )] TJ ET BT 34.016 302.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(on a wider pool of medieval manuscripts preserved in the extraordinarily rich archives of this extraordinarily )] TJ ET BT 34.016 287.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(rich cathedral. In addition to manuscripts of literature, patristics, theology, and canon law, the Toledo )] TJ ET BT 34.016 273.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(archive boasts the finest collection of Mozarabic liturgical manuscripts in any single location. In turning his )] TJ ET BT 34.016 259.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(attentions to this documentary treasure trove, Burriel?s task was immeasurably aided by the collaboration of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 244.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(a number of amanuenses, chief among whom were the young and astonishingly talented Toledan )] TJ ET BT 34.016 230.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(calligrapher Francisco Santiago y Palomares \(1728?96\) and his brother. All five of the scribes employed by )] TJ ET BT 34.016 216.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Burriel were capable of transcribing Visigothic script; he corrected, annotated and approved their copies )] TJ ET BT 34.016 202.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(before each transcription was bound as a separate volume. The exemplar for one of these volumes ? indeed )] TJ ET BT 34.016 187.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(one of the first to be copied ? was the early-11th century book of saints? offices that Boynton identified in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 173.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the Hispanic Society of America. Burriel?s surprisingly modern employment of a comparative method led )] TJ ET BT 34.016 159.461 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(him to a coherent set of liturgical books from the 16th century that owe their existence to Cardinal Cisneros.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 133.205 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(In 1501 Francisco Jimnez de Cisneros, the statesman and reforming archbishop of Toledo \(1495?1517\) )] TJ ET BT 34.016 118.949 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(ordered the foundation and endowment of the splendidly decorated chapel in which Blasco?s fictional )] TJ ET BT 34.016 104.693 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Gabriel attended the Mozarabic liturgy. Although construction was to last a quarter of a century, and the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 90.437 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(chapel was not consecrated until 1511, celebration of the Mozarabic rite began in 1502 in a chapel situated )] TJ ET BT 34.016 76.181 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(off the cloister. Cisneros appointed a commission to publish new editions of the Mozarabic missal \(1500\) )] TJ ET BT 34.016 61.925 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and breviary \(1502\) and, between 1502 and 1508, the copying of four choirbooks \()] TJ ET BT 431.600 61.925 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(cantorales)] TJ ET BT 482.264 61.925 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\) that would )] TJ ET endstream endobj 19 0 obj [17 0 R /Fit] endobj 20 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 21 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 162.9917 795.3895 176.9837 807.2695 ] >> endobj 21 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 22 0 obj [17 0 R /Fit] endobj 23 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 24 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 463.6277 610.0615 477.6197 621.9415 ] >> endobj 24 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 25 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 28 0 R 31 0 R ] /Contents 26 0 R >> endobj 26 0 obj << /Length 7984 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(contain almost 400 monophonic chants for the mass and the office.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 355.640 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(4\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 355.640 795.075 m 369.632 795.075 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 369.632 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( In fact, the Mozarabic rite had become )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(all but extinct and Cisneros?s project involved a good deal of invention and anachronistic editorial work. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Boynton wisely, therefore, refers to Cisneros?s books as ?neo-Mozarabic?. Nevertheless, the very weight of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(these seemingly authoritative products of a seemingly ?scholarly? project has cast a long shadow over all )] TJ ET BT 34.016 739.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(subsequent understanding of the rite. Noticing the enormous disparities between Toledo cathedral?s )] TJ ET BT 34.016 725.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(medieval manuscripts of the Old Hispanic liturgy and Cisneros?s books, Burriel resolved to copy entire )] TJ ET BT 34.016 710.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(codices in preparation for the publication of editions, both scholarly and practical, of the Mozarabic Missal )] TJ ET BT 34.016 696.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and Breviary. These plans, like many of Burriel?s ambitious projects, were thwarted when the loss of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 682.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(support from the court and anti-Jesuit sentiment led to the confiscation of his papers; notwithstanding, he )] TJ ET BT 34.016 668.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(managed to retain the majority of his papers until his death.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 641.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Be that as it may, Burriel, as Boynton immediately realized, was the first scholar to apply the modern )] TJ ET BT 34.016 627.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(techniques of historical and textual criticism to Toledo cathedral?s Old Hispanic liturgical sources. Yet if )] TJ ET BT 34.016 613.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Burriel?s pioneering application of such modern critical methodologies as paleographic analysis brought him )] TJ ET BT 34.016 599.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(closer to an understanding of Toledo cathedral?s Old Hispanic liturgical books, and even the Mozarabic )] TJ ET BT 34.016 584.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(community who were defined by the liturgical practices that were prescribed in those books, it did nothing to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 570.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(insulate him from the Bourbon court?s nationalist cultural discourse. In fact Burriel?s letters of 1752 radiate )] TJ ET BT 34.016 556.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(with a passionately held conviction that Spanish Catholicism was uniquely authentic and that the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 542.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(documentary evidence for this primacy was to be found in the archive of Toledo Cathedral. Here, in the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 527.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(liturgical books, was the documentary evidence that would provide an intellectual underpinning for )] TJ ET BT 34.016 513.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Ferdinand VI?s )] TJ ET BT 111.332 513.605 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(hispanismo )] TJ ET BT 169.004 513.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(project. Boynton?s fascination with the tension between Burriel?s desire, on the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 499.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(one hand, to understand the diversity of Spanish liturgical practice through close scrutiny of the sources and, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 485.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(on the other, to affirm the continuity of an essential Spanishness leads her to sharpen the focus on Burriel, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 470.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(his comparative method, and his historiographical practice.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 444.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Boynton?s third chapter is a concise study of a remarkable and exquisitely beautiful artifact and the role that )] TJ ET BT 34.016 430.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(it played in Burriel?s historiography. In 1752, at Burriel?s request, Palomares made a full-colour, hand )] TJ ET BT 34.016 416.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(copied, parchment facsimile of a book of masses and offices \(that Burriel dated to ca. 1085\) together with a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 401.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(transcription of the source into modern script.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 253.652 401.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(5\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 253.652 400.419 m 267.644 400.419 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 267.644 401.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( Fascinatingly, Palomares, who had no musical training )] TJ ET BT 34.016 387.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(himself, was aware that the medieval musical notation he had so faithfully reproduced was no longer )] TJ ET BT 34.016 373.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(intelligible ? the ?silent music? of Boynton?s title. His observation, rarely acknowledged before the 20th )] TJ ET BT 34.016 359.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(century, was tantamount to a declaration that no unbroken connection between the neo-Mozarabic liturgy )] TJ ET BT 34.016 344.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(transmitted by Cisneros?s books and the medieval Mozarabic liturgy existed. Three years later Burriel )] TJ ET BT 34.016 330.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(presented the magnificent facsimile to Ferdinand VI via the Duke of Alba, supplying a preface that places )] TJ ET BT 34.016 316.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the meticulously accurate reproduction of the manuscript into a much wider historiographical context. ?The )] TJ ET BT 34.016 302.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(facsimile?, Boynton observes, ?created a seductive fantasy of historical continuity.? And in its preface, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 287.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Burriel sought to convince the King that the manuscript represented incontrovertible evidence of the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 273.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(essential continuity of Christian practice in Spain from the period of the Visigoths, into the Moorish period, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 259.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(through the Mozarabic parishes of Toledo and the Primatial Cathedral, and into the present. Indeed, the pre-)] TJ ET BT 34.016 244.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Roman-rite liturgical manuscripts of Toledo cathedral established for Burriel and his royal patron the link )] TJ ET BT 34.016 230.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(between the Visigothic prince Hermengild and Ferdinand VI. ?By invoking the Visigoths as the ritual and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 216.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(national predecessors of the Bourbons?, Boynton observes in one of many perspicacious distillations, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 202.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(?Burriel rewrote history, establishing a fictive parallelism that inherently reinforced the authority of both?. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 187.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(On the face of it, a relationship between the Visigoths and the Bourbons is as untenable as the idea of an )] TJ ET BT 34.016 173.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(unbroken liturgical continuity between the Middle Ages and the 18th century. Yet this was the persuasive )] TJ ET BT 34.016 159.461 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(twin burden borne by the sumptuous artifact that the facsimile undoubtedly is.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 133.205 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(One of the many fascinating aspects of this enterprise is the enormous investment of time, energy, skill and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 118.949 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(materials in the creation of an astonishingly accurate facsimile of a manuscript whose text was in all )] TJ ET BT 34.016 104.693 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(likelihood all but unintelligible to its sole recipient. Ferdinand VI was interested in music, yet no one could )] TJ ET BT 34.016 90.437 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(interpret its notation \(the ?silent music? of the title once again\), and it is a stretch to imagine the monarch )] TJ ET BT 34.016 76.181 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(struggling with the script in which the Latin texts of the ancient Mozarabic liturgy were recorded. Yet the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 61.925 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(king had expressed a wish to actually see the manuscript and Burriel was keenly aware of the importance of )] TJ ET endstream endobj 27 0 obj [25 0 R /Fit] endobj 28 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 29 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 355.6397 795.3895 369.6317 807.2695 ] >> endobj 29 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 30 0 obj [25 0 R /Fit] endobj 31 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 32 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 253.6517 400.7335 267.6437 412.6135 ] >> endobj 32 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 33 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 36 0 R 39 0 R ] /Contents 34 0 R >> endobj 34 0 obj << /Length 8293 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(royal support for his scholarly endeavours. And such a luxurious facsimile was the most eloquent testament )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(to another venerable tradition, the tradition in which custodians of cultural treasures pass texts on from one )] TJ ET BT 34.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(generation to another in exquisitely-produced hand copies.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 741.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Boynton?s fascination with Burriel?s team and their methods, next leads her to an examination of Palomares )] TJ ET BT 34.016 727.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(1755 copy of Toledo cathedral?s manuscript of the iconic )] TJ ET BT 313.628 727.445 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Cantigas de Santa Maria,)] TJ ET BT 437.636 727.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( a 13th-century )] TJ ET BT 34.016 713.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(collection of sacred songs with texts in Galician-Portuguese and whose authorship \(loosely-defined\) is )] TJ ET BT 34.016 698.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(attributed to Alfonso the Wise. Although the copy was dedicated to Barbara de Braganza, it appears that it )] TJ ET BT 34.016 684.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(never reached her, and today it is housed in Madrid?s Biblioteca nacional )] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 389.612 684.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(6\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 389.612 683.283 m 403.604 683.283 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 403.604 684.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(; yet like the Mozarabic chant )] TJ ET BT 34.016 670.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(book that did reach its dedicatee, this copy is characterized by a complete transcription of the text \(in an 18th-)] TJ ET BT 34.016 656.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(century hand\) and a painstakingly accurate reproduction of the exemplar?s musical notation. Like its sibling, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 641.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(it is framed by a preface and a decorative iconographical scheme that firmly places the medieval manuscript, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 627.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(moreover one with a strong Marian theme, in an 18th-century context. Once again, it is precisely this context )] TJ ET BT 34.016 613.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(? the astonishingly accurate copying of a medieval music manuscript as a product of Enlightenment )] TJ ET BT 34.016 599.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(historicism ? that interests our author. By applying to an 18th-century manuscript the methods of the kinds )] TJ ET BT 34.016 584.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of interdisciplinary analysis that are more commonly marshalled in the study of medieval manuscripts, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 570.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Boynton displaces the focus from the author as the source to the various scribes and compilers. The pattern )] TJ ET BT 34.016 556.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(is by now familiar: despite his ignorance of the musical notation, Palomares reproduced its graphic )] TJ ET BT 34.016 542.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(appearance with almost photographic accuracy, and a new title page and preface penned by Burriel embeds )] TJ ET BT 34.016 527.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the )] TJ ET BT 51.680 527.861 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Cantigas)] TJ ET BT 95.024 527.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( within the cultural program of the Spanish Bourbons. Once again, a carefully devised and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 513.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(newly-invented iconographical scheme traces a direct line between Alfonso X as a pious, artistically )] TJ ET BT 34.016 499.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(informed and legitimate ruler, and Ferdinand VI still in the first decade of his reign. While Alfonso X?s )] TJ ET BT 34.016 485.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(exalted position in the constellation of great Spanish monarchs was anchored in granite, Ferdinand VI, the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 470.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(first Spanish-born member of the Bourbon dynasty to ascend to the Spanish throne, had yet to establish and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 456.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(consolidate his legacy.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 430.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(As an appendix to her thorough and solidly documented study of the 18th-century historiographical context, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 416.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Boynton devotes brief yet precious paragraphs to a consideration of the ways in which Burriel?s comments )] TJ ET BT 34.016 401.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(on the Toledo )] TJ ET BT 103.676 401.813 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Cantigas)] TJ ET BT 147.020 401.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( manuscript have influenced subsequent scholarship. Indeed Boynton demonstrates )] TJ ET BT 34.016 387.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(how Burriel?s editorial decisions are themselves a continuation of the very process of revision in the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 373.301 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Cantigas)] TJ ET BT 77.360 373.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( text that can be observed throughout the entire history of its transmission.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 347.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(In the fifth and final chapter, Boynton turns her attention to Palomares and his contribution to the history of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 332.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(paleography. In 1764 Palomares completed a treatise entitled )] TJ ET BT 330.296 332.789 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Polygraphia Gothico-Espaola)] TJ ET BT 481.292 332.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( that traced the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 318.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(history of Iberian writing from the late Roman cursive to the 12th century. The text, illustrated entirely by )] TJ ET BT 34.016 304.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(hand and preserved today in Madrid?s Real Academia de la Historia )] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 364.940 304.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(7\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 364.940 302.883 m 378.932 302.883 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 378.932 304.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, is largely focused on the history of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 290.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the Old Hispanic rite and its fortunes in Toledo, viewed always through the lens of national identity. For )] TJ ET BT 34.016 275.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Palomares, the introduction of the Roman rite in Len and Castile through liturgical books written in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 261.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Caroline miniscule, was seen as an unwelcome imposition of foreign \(?French?\) culture upon Spanish )] TJ ET BT 34.016 247.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(culture. It was the process of liturgical ?reform?, requiring the copying of new manuscripts in an imposed )] TJ ET BT 34.016 232.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(?French? handwriting style that signalled the death of the ancient indigenous Spanish rite. In his preface, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 218.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Palomares invokes a version of two anecdotal symbolic contests between the Old Hispanic and the Roman )] TJ ET BT 34.016 204.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(rites. One of the contests is the duel recounted above by Vicente Blasco in )] TJ ET BT 393.620 204.485 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(La Catedral,)] TJ ET BT 454.964 204.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( the other tells of a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 190.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(liturgical book of each of the contesting rites being hurled into a raging furnace. While the Mozarabic book )] TJ ET BT 34.016 175.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(resisted the flames without perishing, the Roman rite book escaped the bonfire by springing out of harm?s )] TJ ET BT 34.016 161.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(way. The earliest known source for these anecdotes is the 12th-century Chronicle of Njera; it situates both )] TJ ET BT 34.016 147.461 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the duel and the ordeal by fire in Burgos in 1077. Palomares?s version of the duel, however, takes place in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 133.205 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Toledo and Boynton points, once again, to the centrality of Toledo to the narrative and ?the close association )] TJ ET BT 34.016 118.949 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(between liturgical reform and national identity?. Palomares additionally saw the assimilation of Caroline )] TJ ET BT 34.016 104.693 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(scripts in documents of the royal chancery as ?the most immediate paleographic evidence that the French )] TJ ET BT 34.016 90.437 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(had penetrated the inner circles of power?.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 64.181 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(In the second part of her final chapter, Boynton guides us through a consideration Palomares?s interest in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 49.925 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Visigothic neumes, the graphic symbols that conveyed musical information before the widespread adoption )] TJ ET endstream endobj 35 0 obj [33 0 R /Fit] endobj 36 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 37 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 389.6117 683.5975 403.6037 695.4775 ] >> endobj 37 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 38 0 obj [33 0 R /Fit] endobj 39 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 40 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 364.9397 303.1975 378.9317 315.0775 ] >> endobj 40 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 41 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 44 0 R 47 0 R 49 0 R 51 0 R 53 0 R 55 0 R 57 0 R 59 0 R 61 0 R 63 0 R ] /Contents 42 0 R >> endobj 42 0 obj << /Length 9510 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of musical notes. Aware that 18th-century musicians were unable to understand the neumes, and without any )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(specialist musical training himself, Palomares proposed an interpretation of the neumes as accent marks, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(thus anticipating a later theory ? a theory now largely discredited ? that saw early neumes emerging directly )] TJ ET BT 34.016 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(from the prosodic accents of late antiquity. Boynton then offers us perceptive commentaries on a selection of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 739.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the plates that appear in the )] TJ ET BT 168.656 739.445 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Polygraphia. )] TJ ET BT 234.656 739.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(While the commentaries are full of insight and erudition, some )] TJ ET BT 34.016 725.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(readers will be disappointed by the quality of the reproductions. Indeed, in a study that is so fundamentally )] TJ ET BT 34.016 710.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(grounded in the reproduction of graphic symbols that are themselves the subject of serious scrutiny, it is a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 696.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(real obstacle for the reader to have to deal with images that are less than perfect.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 670.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Without a doubt, )] TJ ET BT 118.016 670.421 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Silent Music)] TJ ET BT 177.680 670.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( is a welcome and worthy addition to a series, )] TJ ET BT 399.980 670.421 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Currents in Latin American and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 656.165 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Iberian Music, )] TJ ET BT 107.672 656.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(which is already establishing itself as a venue for studies distinguished by their excellence. In )] TJ ET BT 34.016 641.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(this instance, however, the reader may find herself disappointed by three shortcomings. First, a painfully )] TJ ET BT 34.016 627.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(ironic observation in a book about books that have survived centuries of use and abuse: this one is poorly )] TJ ET BT 34.016 613.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(bound, and it didn?t take long for the pages of my copy to part company with its spine. Second, with an )] TJ ET BT 34.016 599.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(index that barely fills four pages, is it any wonder we will search in vain for such terms as ?Hispanic Society )] TJ ET BT 34.016 584.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of America?? Worse, however, is the number of incorrect page references supplied in this inadequate index. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 570.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(If your quest is )] TJ ET BT 113.336 570.629 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(villancico)] TJ ET BT 160.664 570.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( or Barbara de Braganza, for instance, you?ll be directed in each case to a phantom )] TJ ET BT 34.016 556.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(?p. xii?.\) Better no signpost at all than a signpost that points in the wrong direction. Finally, there is the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 542.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(thorny issue of illustrations, so often the victims of publishers? cost cutting. In the absence of actual size )] TJ ET BT 34.016 527.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(colour facsimiles, either on paper or online, the conscientious reader will be simultaneously intrigued and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 513.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(frustrated by the small, grainy illustrations. True, the two poorly indicated colour illustrations were a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 499.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Godsend, yet they seem to duplicate the monochrome figures 3.1 and 3.2 that, nevertheless, are helpfully )] TJ ET BT 34.016 485.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(printed on facing pages. Even so, I found myself referring to Boynton?s article on the )] TJ ET BT 447.608 485.093 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Cantigas)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 493.952 485.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(8\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 493.952 483.699 m 507.944 483.699 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 507.944 485.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( for better )] TJ ET BT 34.016 470.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(reproductions of illustrations 4.1 and 4.2 and curious readers will likewise find themselves referring to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 456.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Boynton?s fascinating article ?Writing history with liturgy? for relevant illustrations not included in the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 442.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(present volume.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 110.672 442.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(9\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 110.672 440.931 m 124.664 440.931 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 416.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Of the many admirable aspects of this superb study, it is perhaps Boynton?s uncanny ability to single out the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 401.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(most apparently minute detail and to relate it to a much larger context that characterizes her work. Thus, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 387.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(seemingly unrelated threads are drawn together to form a coherent tapestry that accounts for what at first )] TJ ET BT 34.016 373.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(glance seem to be contradictions. Intriguingly, and perhaps teasingly, Boynton leaves us with two unsolved )] TJ ET BT 34.016 359.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(mysteries: the first concerns the precise date, and the way in which Toledo Cathedral?s MS 33.2 travelled )] TJ ET BT 34.016 344.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(across the Atlantic to take up residence in New York and the second concerns the precise date and the way )] TJ ET BT 34.016 330.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(in which Toledo Cathedral acquired its manuscript of Alfonso X?s )] TJ ET BT 356.636 330.533 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Cantigas)] TJ ET BT 399.980 330.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(. There is, as ever, a great deal )] TJ ET BT 34.016 316.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(more to be learned.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 281.379 Td /F3 18.0 Tf [(Notes)] TJ ET BT 48.816 250.762 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(1.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 250.757 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Vicente Blasco Ibez, )] TJ ET BT 177.980 250.757 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(La Catedral)] TJ ET BT 236.324 250.757 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(Valencia, 1919\). Excerpt from the English translation by Mrs. )] TJ ET BT 64.016 236.501 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(W. A. Gillespie, )] TJ ET BT 145.340 236.501 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The Shadow of the Cathedral)] TJ ET BT 286.016 236.501 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(New York, NY, 1919\) p. 50.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 430.652 236.501 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(1\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 430.652 235.107 m 484.640 235.107 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 48.816 222.250 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(2.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 222.245 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(New York, Hispanic Society of America MS B2916 and Toledo, Biblioteca Capitular MS 33.2.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 522.308 222.245 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back )] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 522.308 220.851 m 549.968 220.851 l S BT 64.016 207.989 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(to \(2\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 64.016 206.595 m 90.344 206.595 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 48.816 193.738 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(3.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 193.733 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Madrid, Biblioteca nacional MS 13060.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 254.672 193.733 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(3\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 254.672 192.339 m 308.660 192.339 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 48.816 179.482 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(4.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 179.477 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The long-awaited facsimile edition of the Cisneros )] TJ ET BT 310.316 179.477 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(cantorales)] TJ ET BT 360.980 179.477 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( has recently been published: )] TJ ET BT 503.288 179.477 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Los )] TJ ET BT 64.016 165.221 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Cantorales Mozrabes de Cisneros. Catedral de Toledo)] TJ ET BT 333.020 165.221 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, ed. ngel Fernndez Collado, Alfredo )] TJ ET BT 64.016 150.965 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Rodrguez Gonzlez and Isidoro Castaeda Tordera \(Toledo, 2011\). See <)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 64.016 136.709 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.sedem.es/es/catalogo/producto.asp?id=197)] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 64.016 135.315 m 327.092 135.315 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 330.092 136.709 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([2])] TJ ET BT 344.084 136.709 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(> [accessed 9 June 2012]. An )] TJ ET BT 488.480 136.709 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Apndice )] TJ ET BT 64.016 122.453 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(grfico)] TJ ET BT 98.684 122.453 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( to volume two comprises almost 50 pages containing colour facsimiles of Toledo Cathedral?s )] TJ ET BT 64.016 108.197 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Mozarabic MSS 33.1, 33.3, 35.3, 35.4, 35.5, 35.6, 35.7 and 35.8. 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