%PDF-1.3 1 0 obj << /Type /Catalog /Outlines 2 0 R /Pages 3 0 R >> endobj 2 0 obj << /Type /Outlines /Count 0 >> endobj 3 0 obj << /Type /Pages /Kids [6 0 R 20 0 R 43 0 R 78 0 R ] /Count 4 /Resources << /ProcSet 4 0 R /Font << /F1 8 0 R /F2 9 0 R /F3 10 0 R >> /XObject << /I1 11 0 R >> >> /MediaBox [0.000 0.000 595.280 841.890] >> endobj 4 0 obj [/PDF /Text /ImageC ] endobj 5 0 obj << /Creator (DOMPDF) /CreationDate (D:20140722174958+01'00') /ModDate (D:20140722174958+01'00') /Title (Winter King: The Dawn of Tudor England) >> endobj 6 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 12 0 R 15 0 R 18 0 R ] /Contents 7 0 R >> endobj 7 0 obj << /Length 4569 >> stream q 381.750 0 0 120.000 34.016 687.874 cm /I1 Do Q 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Published on )] TJ ET BT 99.356 676.469 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Reviews in History)] TJ ET BT 190.016 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \()] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 197.012 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 197.012 675.075 m 357.332 675.075 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 357.332 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\))] TJ ET 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.391 653.743 526.499 1.500 re S BT 34.016 615.321 Td /F3 18.0 Tf [(Winter King: The Dawn of Tudor England)] TJ ET BT 34.016 273.323 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Recently, Sir Keith Thomas, after chairing the judging panel for the annual Wolfson History Prize, signalled )] TJ ET BT 34.016 259.067 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(his misgivings over the tendency for young historians to eschew conventional academic publishing \(the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 244.811 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(scholarly monograph\) and instead to ?hire an agent, cut out the footnotes, jazz it all up a bit and try to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 230.555 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(produce a historical bestseller from what would have otherwise been a perfectly good academic work?.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 528.884 230.555 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(1\))] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 528.884 229.161 m 542.876 229.161 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 216.299 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(One wonders if Thomas Penn?s hefty account of the last years of the reign of Henry VII had passed across )] TJ ET BT 34.016 202.043 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(his desk recently. Penn may or not have hired an agent in the course of writing and publishing this book, and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 187.787 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(he cannot be accused of cutting out the footnotes, but he has certainly ?jazzed up? his language and his aim )] TJ ET BT 34.016 173.531 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(in )] TJ ET BT 46.352 173.531 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The Winter King)] TJ ET BT 126.356 173.531 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( must surely to have been to produce something for the Bestselling Non Fiction list rather )] TJ ET BT 34.016 159.275 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(than a traditional piece of scholarship.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 133.019 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(All that makes )] TJ ET BT 107.012 133.019 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Winter King)] TJ ET BT 166.016 133.019 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( a very difficult book to review fairly, particularly in a forum such as this. Penn?s )] TJ ET BT 34.016 118.763 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(book re-examines the reign of Henry VII, one of the most misunderstood of English kings. The reign sits )] TJ ET BT 34.016 104.507 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(uncomfortably on the borders between the Middle Ages and modernity, and the standard biography remains )] TJ ET BT 34.016 90.251 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Stanley Chrimes?s 1972 account, a book in which the king himself remains elusive. While much is made of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 75.995 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(administrative developments, Chrimes very much left the politics out of his work. However, even before )] TJ ET BT 34.016 61.739 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Christine Carpenter appealed for a new political history of the first Tudor )] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 389.288 61.739 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(2\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 389.288 60.345 m 403.280 60.345 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 403.280 61.739 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, scholars were adding more )] TJ ET BT 34.016 584.699 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Review Number:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 570.443 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(1301)] TJ ET BT 34.016 556.187 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publish date:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 541.931 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Thursday, 16 August, 2012)] TJ ET BT 34.016 527.675 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Author:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 513.419 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Thomas Penn)] TJ ET BT 34.016 499.163 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(ISBN:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 484.907 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(9781846142024)] TJ ET BT 34.016 470.651 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Date of Publication:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 456.395 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(2011)] TJ ET BT 34.016 442.139 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Price:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 427.883 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(20.00)] TJ ET BT 34.016 413.627 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Pages:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 399.371 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(480pp.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 385.115 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publisher:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 370.859 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Allen Lane)] TJ ET BT 34.016 356.603 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publisher url:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 342.347 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Place of Publication:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 328.091 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(London)] TJ ET BT 34.016 313.835 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Reviewer:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 299.579 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(David Grummitt)] TJ ET endstream endobj 8 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F1 /BaseFont /Times-Roman /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 9 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F2 /BaseFont /Times-Italic /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 10 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F3 /BaseFont /Times-Bold /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 11 0 obj << /Type /XObject /Subtype /Image /Width 509 /Height 160 /Filter /FlateDecode /DecodeParms << /Predictor 15 /Colors 3 /Columns 509 /BitsPerComponent 8>> /Mask [ 255 255 255 255 255 255 ] /ColorSpace /DeviceRGB /BitsPerComponent 8 /Length 3280>> stream x[EQ㎦fVttҒ +3O{?lGDQԯDrB^.ϯ%~'0۠/2>0AG_>0j0GCfE67>rB^}@  !&y+r?INp:erc b8f=rQC!~-Wf^^zF[)G 2ޯe7V_Go3Ke GEGOo8rώ#\1ZY~N6^H}yLxS-!:412V+u\-LSO?xVvZ|GjǮT_8EYJF=Tw^ 7GxfN/S:Ʌ~ʟtt?5n÷J'JcF-GVξx{rO~tJd;#a\7}|~y'>}c2C vR}f׈**h.)_&@pfzjsx:5;S\vKhM5j=!Cn+h"u]a EUN]jn=k<,:Ք>sU!ni~6EJ)¦72?G}[y}_vc$t?iSܟ2Zݞ,VN?_`='RFK1A2qv&X_lLRWY'%:I㢖zb_UEx\>&ɆBˏ~K@ \gYØU4}$8Dv!'Q'*+Εj(UCGo[#< 2Ja(sZi9fZKE Rn`u\9r^Zmɯ׹}mstO4uc~#'jEvۼ Dx[z ޏQ4KL5,5u3>i^uÒ-53ba ~,~/pyt1fMU'CVm:qv~=Y'Es"WsφG?l_kN5}],Ow7 uh`xƫ?zMl7ٻv$A(4Dl(wwH} ?=[=S;yC]^BK>㕪9`Z'Wj;E|:bf>kCԘ#RY,iv쵗~}n'"1u" *uO΄/2^Sxr(!/DD\~mJyZ!MmrA!#u[if|99WB WΡpp}w}sh#,\ &:%˳X?D3 %W0cC?o̲^} F3XLVn]Cߖiϧ!7}yZJ#P7]=)7Ρp;>> Ye^xx{Oafw{ ;>4gfLt ʊ:q%#r/)pv!O4wGh|dS ӣݽހ-gVUC'pBxrB^} 7JA^} /'8!`:r?}}],X  }6y!`/~Br?}Q< >k7vx"] ,' .3jn{-i}|~%-};b6#U)7繎kiEw 㤳:E}[޼c"rꬊ7Dc$~"/Y&zSd:tFȌCrʙ`7u .#[-<)j ?TGS(j~oTup(hjU4PlJ=}|it.ҽ@\wʨuXÞZcx18Wo<~ikOg,ވ\^?EneyZcc0[R١z|zv7_m:_n]a?osS3~j^ hD.a_X'KfBX6w wݶ"Oa:,bvhrWH[uCF-Xfc}>x+Rz)2N-B 7y^٨;[/vg? | |2Sve}=o䑰j[vWjF0{굦?VI~}xM(_TlG__+]:#к?S} c>GŸD7 !w{S{B =x7a?oE#)+Gz:o_4Q<;n?\tt7?mGCџQGu4kņOF>F?#} hP&ђߴM#u!.СtL2^#o nIk_i.~7tr@n 1P~3?.[]=S5b߮~Yo^HFH YBi8a4iom>CKgMy*;?zqEӕ` >zB9iFzC?XF?ޟIܰ펉A}{I5ᄊx%ez#Mp@rߎpi]IOVjzuJt\۰f׺u5><,J~PTJp1)}){9N {!`/> endstream endobj 12 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 13 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 197.0117 675.3895 357.3317 687.2695 ] >> endobj 13 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews) >> endobj 14 0 obj [6 0 R /Fit] endobj 15 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 16 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 528.8837 229.4755 542.8757 241.3555 ] >> endobj 16 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 17 0 obj [6 0 R /Fit] endobj 18 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 19 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 389.2877 60.6595 403.2797 72.5395 ] >> endobj 19 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 20 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 23 0 R 26 0 R 29 0 R 32 0 R 35 0 R 38 0 R 41 0 R ] /Contents 21 0 R >> endobj 21 0 obj << /Length 9500 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(flesh to bones of Chrimes?s picture of a rather dull, if competent, medieval king. Penn draws on much of this )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(research and concentrates on the last decade of the reign, beginning with the marriage between Henry?s heir, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Arthur, and Catherine of Aragon, before moving to the untimely death of both Arthur and Queen Elizabeth )] TJ ET BT 34.016 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(within a year of each other in 1502/3, and the increasingly repressive and rapacious policies that )] TJ ET BT 34.016 739.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(characterised the king?s rule in the last decade of the reign. )] TJ ET BT 321.272 739.445 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Winter King )] TJ ET BT 383.276 739.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(has been greeted with much acclaim )] TJ ET BT 34.016 725.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(in the broadsheet press both for its literary flair and its scholarship. Blair Worden has even suggested that its )] TJ ET BT 34.016 710.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(success \(and that of Anne Wroe?s 2003 biography of Perkin Warbeck\) should prompt ?sober reflection? on )] TJ ET BT 34.016 696.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the part of professional, academic historians of the reign of Henry VII \(this reviewer presumably included\).)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 34.016 682.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(3\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.016 681.027 m 48.008 681.027 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 48.008 682.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( Personally I do not share Professor Worden?s concerns. Penn?s portrait of Henry is entirely in line with )] TJ ET BT 34.016 668.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(that presented by recent scholarship and the main thrust of his argument \(that the king presided over a proto-)] TJ ET BT 34.016 653.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Machiavellian polity, dominated by fear and suspicion, and one in which good government was too often )] TJ ET BT 34.016 639.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(subjugated to the demands of his own greed and paranoia\) is one familiar to anyone who has read the various )] TJ ET BT 34.016 625.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(essays collected together in the special 2009 edition of )] TJ ET BT 298.976 625.397 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Historical Research)] TJ ET BT 395.300 625.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, edited by Mark Horowitz and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 611.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(subtitled ?Who was Henry VII??)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 191.972 611.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(4\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 191.972 609.747 m 205.964 609.747 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 205.964 611.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( The account of Henry?s relationship with various members of his )] TJ ET BT 34.016 596.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(household and the fact that the household was a focus of plots, intrigue and faction was the main argument )] TJ ET BT 34.016 582.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of my own contribution to the collection and this \(along with the suggestion that this pre-figured the new )] TJ ET BT 34.016 568.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(political world of Machiavelli\) is, in many ways, the dominant motif of Penn?s book.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 443.324 568.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(5\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 443.324 566.979 m 457.316 566.979 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 457.316 568.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( Other historians of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 554.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the reign of Henry VII will too be glad to see their own research informing Penn?s narrative. Richard )] TJ ET BT 34.016 539.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Hoyle?s careful reconstruction from the records of the King?s Bench and Star Chamber of the dispute )] TJ ET BT 34.016 525.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(between Henry Percy, fifth earl of Northumberland, and Thomas Savage, archbishop of York, is paraphrased )] TJ ET BT 34.016 511.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(across four pages of )] TJ ET BT 133.316 511.349 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Winter King )] TJ ET BT 195.320 511.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(pp. 135?8\).)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 253.640 511.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(6\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 253.640 509.955 m 267.632 509.955 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 267.632 511.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( Similarly, Mark Horowitz?s detailed account of the trials )] TJ ET BT 34.016 497.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and tribulations of the London haberdasher, Thomas Sunnyff, at the hands of Henry?s financial agents is )] TJ ET BT 34.016 482.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(recounted in great detail.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 153.320 482.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(7\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 153.320 481.443 m 167.312 481.443 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 167.312 482.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( Historians, and many students, of the early Tudor period will find many of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 468.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Penn?s vignettes familiar: the so-called Flamank Conversation \(a report of a potentially treasonable )] TJ ET BT 34.016 454.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(conversation that took place in Calais among officers of the garrison there in September 1504\) has been )] TJ ET BT 34.016 440.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(analysed in exhaustive detail by Carpenter, Dominic Luckett and others.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 380.960 440.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(8\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 380.960 438.675 m 394.952 438.675 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 394.952 440.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( Anyone who has read the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 425.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(existing work on the topic will struggle to identify the novelty in Penn?s account. I don?t want to suggest )] TJ ET BT 34.016 411.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(that the author has done anything other than be scrupulous in acknowledging his considerable debt to others )] TJ ET BT 34.016 397.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(? the scholarly apparatus of endnotes is in good order and the relevant scholarship is always noted ? but )] TJ ET BT 34.016 383.045 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Winter King )] TJ ET BT 96.020 383.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(is a work of synthesis not a piece of original research. Where the book is original is perhaps in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 368.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(its treatment of the regime?s connection to Italy, reflecting, I suspect, the author?s own doctoral research.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 540.236 368.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(9\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 540.236 367.395 m 554.228 367.395 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 354.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Penn is excellent on the links between early Tudor England and the peninsula in terms of trade, diplomacy, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 340.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(cultural exchange and the relationship with the papacy. Despite this the overall assessment of Henry?s reign )] TJ ET BT 34.016 326.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(is problematic. The king, it is argued, was the only person who knew how his government actually worked, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 311.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(indeed ?the various threads ... all came together? in his hands \(p. 169\). Yet, as the two chapters previous to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 297.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(this claim make clear, Henry delegated increasing amounts of government business to his councillors and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 283.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(servants in the last decade and, as was common knowledge to well-informed contemporaries, periodic bouts )] TJ ET BT 34.016 268.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of illness prevented him from playing his full role in the government from at least 1503. Henry VII was no )] TJ ET BT 34.016 254.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(?Universal Spider? \(as his near contemporary Duke Charles the Bold of Burgundy described his rival, Louis )] TJ ET BT 34.016 240.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(XI, king of France\) and academic historians of the first Tudor will want to know how Penn?s view squares )] TJ ET BT 34.016 226.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(with the more nuanced view of the king?s role in government put forward by John Watts, Steven Gunn and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 211.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(others.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 185.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Does this matter in a book like this? On one level Penn is to be applauded. He has challenged the commonly )] TJ ET BT 34.016 171.461 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(held notion of Henry VII as a rather dull, workmanlike king who was rightly hostile to his ambitious and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 157.205 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(unruly nobility \(the strength and tenacity of this view is evident in undergraduate essays up and down the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 142.949 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(country\) and he has presented the latest research in a relatively readable and accessible way. He is )] TJ ET BT 34.016 128.693 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(undoubtedly skilled as a writer of historical narrative. He effectively juggles several narrative threads and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 114.437 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(puts across well the sense of developing crisis and emergency that gripped the first decade of the 16th )] TJ ET BT 34.016 100.181 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(century. Yet )] TJ ET BT 99.332 100.181 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Winter King )] TJ ET BT 161.336 100.181 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(leaves a slightly odd taste in my mouth. Perhaps it?s the language \(compromised )] TJ ET BT 34.016 85.925 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(by Penn?s efforts to ?jazz up? his prose to cater for the popular history market\): when Perkin Warbeck, the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 71.669 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(pretender who had claimed to be Richard, duke of York, the younger of the Princes in the Tower, was )] TJ ET BT 34.016 57.413 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(executed at Tyburn in 1499, we are told, ?the ladder was whipped away and he jerked downwards, his body )] TJ ET endstream endobj 22 0 obj [20 0 R /Fit] endobj 23 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 24 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 34.0157 681.3415 48.0077 693.2215 ] >> endobj 24 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 25 0 obj [20 0 R /Fit] endobj 26 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 27 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 191.9717 610.0615 205.9637 621.9415 ] >> endobj 27 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 28 0 obj [20 0 R /Fit] endobj 29 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 30 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 443.3237 567.2935 457.3157 579.1735 ] >> endobj 30 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 31 0 obj [20 0 R /Fit] endobj 32 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 33 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 253.6397 510.2695 267.6317 522.1495 ] >> endobj 33 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 34 0 obj [20 0 R /Fit] endobj 35 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 36 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 153.3197 481.7575 167.3117 493.6375 ] >> endobj 36 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 37 0 obj [20 0 R /Fit] endobj 38 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 39 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 380.9597 438.9895 394.9517 450.8695 ] >> endobj 39 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 40 0 obj [20 0 R /Fit] endobj 41 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 42 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 540.2357 367.7095 554.2277 379.5895 ] >> endobj 42 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 43 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 46 0 R 48 0 R 50 0 R 52 0 R 54 0 R 56 0 R 58 0 R 60 0 R 62 0 R 64 0 R 66 0 R 68 0 R 70 0 R 72 0 R 74 0 R 76 0 R ] /Contents 44 0 R >> endobj 44 0 obj << /Length 10048 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(convulsing violently, then twitching, then limp? \(p. 39\). A powerful picture indeed but one in no way )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(supported by the contemporary evidence and in fact the note to that sentence refers to Gatrell?s study of the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(cultural significance of public execution in eighteenth-century England.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 378.620 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(10\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 378.620 766.563 m 398.612 766.563 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 398.612 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( Similarly, can we really be sure )] TJ ET BT 34.016 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(that the young nobles of the royal court exchanged ?cool glances? with the ladies of Queen Catherine of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 739.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Aragon?s household when the two met in London in November 1501 \(p. 57\), or that Catherine and her )] TJ ET BT 34.016 725.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(future mother-in-law, Queen Elizabeth, ?immediately clicked? \(p. 62\)? To what extent is the author?s )] TJ ET BT 34.016 710.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(description of Sir Reynold Bray, Henry?s leading councillor in the 1490s until his premature death in 1503, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 696.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(grounded in historical reality? Is it not a little fanciful and misleading to claim that Bray?s father, Richard, a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 682.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(surgeon, was ?a bone-setter and blood-letter? and Bray himself as a youngster ?thickset and shaggy-haired? )] TJ ET BT 34.016 668.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(p. 148\). Penn presents as historical fact things that are the product of his own, albeit well-informed and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 653.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(empathetic, imagination and the reader is not always left with a clear distinction between the two. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 639.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Anachronisms and colloquisms abound: James IV?s invasion of northern England in 1497 ?hit the buffers? )] TJ ET BT 34.016 625.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(p. 31\), while, as their king lay dying, Empson and Dudley ?failed to watch their backs? \(p. 344\); Edward )] TJ ET BT 34.016 611.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Belknap, surveyor of the king?s prerogative and one of the king?s most important financial agents, is )] TJ ET BT 34.016 596.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(described as a ?mini-me? in a reference to the Austin Powers series of spoof spy movies \(p. 324\); while the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 582.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(king?s younger daughter, Princess Mary, apparently ?possessed the qualities of a Lolita? \(p. 295\). I could go )] TJ ET BT 34.016 568.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(on, but these examples make an important point: )] TJ ET BT 270.332 568.373 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Winter King )] TJ ET BT 332.336 568.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(is neither solid, academic writing nor an )] TJ ET BT 34.016 554.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(exemplar of accessible, popular history. General readers will find it difficult to keep up with the story as new )] TJ ET BT 34.016 539.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and complex characters are introduced. Equally, there is little in the way of context, either in what made )] TJ ET BT 34.016 525.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Henry?s style of rule so distinct or what there was in Henry?s background that made him so unlikely a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 511.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(candidate for successful kingship. Penn is neither Hilary Mantel nor Simon Schama and thus I think this )] TJ ET BT 34.016 497.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(book sits uneasily on the boundaries of two distinct genres. I can only hope that young scholars )] TJ ET BT 34.016 482.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(contemplating their first book will read )] TJ ET BT 225.332 482.837 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Winter King )] TJ ET BT 287.336 482.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and reflect on Sir Keith Thomas?s warning.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 447.939 Td /F3 18.0 Tf [(Notes)] TJ ET BT 48.816 417.322 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(1.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 417.317 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The Independent)] TJ ET BT 144.332 417.317 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, 9 May 2012 <)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 218.096 417.317 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.independent.co.uk/life-style/history/young-historians-are-)] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 218.096 415.923 m 553.064 415.923 l S BT 64.016 403.061 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(damaging-academia-in-their-bid-for-stardom-7723284.html)] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 64.016 401.667 m 350.960 401.667 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 353.960 403.061 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([2])] TJ ET BT 367.952 403.061 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(> [accessed 16 July 2012] .)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 498.692 403.061 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(1\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 498.692 401.667 m 552.680 401.667 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 48.816 388.810 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(2.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 388.805 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Most fully articulated in her )] TJ ET BT 201.668 388.805 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The Wars of the Roses: Politics and the Constitution in England, )] TJ ET BT 64.016 374.549 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(c.1437?1509 )] TJ ET BT 129.344 374.549 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(Cambridge, 1997\), ch. 11.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 258.992 374.549 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(2\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 258.992 373.155 m 312.980 373.155 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 48.816 360.298 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(3.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 360.293 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The Guardian, 25 November 2011 <)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 238.748 360.293 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.guardian.co.uk/books/2011/nov/25/winter-king-)] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 238.748 358.899 m 527.072 358.899 l S BT 64.016 346.037 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(thomas-penn-review)] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 64.016 344.643 m 162.656 344.643 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 165.656 346.037 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([3])] TJ ET BT 179.648 346.037 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(> [accessed 16 July 2012].)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 307.388 346.037 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(3\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 307.388 344.643 m 361.376 344.643 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 48.816 331.786 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(4.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 331.781 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Historical Research)] TJ ET BT 160.340 331.781 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, 82, no. 217 \(August 2009\).)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 296.000 331.781 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(4\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 296.000 330.387 m 349.988 330.387 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 48.816 317.530 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(5.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 317.525 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(David Grummitt, ?Household, Politics and Political Morality in the Reign of Henry VII?, )] TJ ET BT 495.992 317.525 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Historical )] TJ ET BT 64.016 303.269 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Research )] TJ ET BT 111.668 303.269 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(82 \(2009\), 393-411.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 207.656 303.269 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(5\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 207.656 301.875 m 261.644 301.875 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 48.816 289.018 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(6.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 289.013 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(R. W. Hoyle. ?The Earl, the Archbishop and the Council: the Affray at Fulford, May 1504?, in )] TJ ET BT 64.016 274.757 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Rulers and Ruled in Late Medieval England)] TJ ET BT 275.336 274.757 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, ed. Rowena E. Archer and Simon Walker \(London, )] TJ ET BT 64.016 260.501 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(1995\), 239-56.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 135.008 260.501 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(6\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 135.008 259.107 m 188.996 259.107 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 48.816 246.250 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(7.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 246.245 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(M. R. Horowitz, ??Agree With the King?: Henry VII, Edmund Dudley and the Strange Case of )] TJ ET BT 64.016 231.989 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Thomas Sunnyff?, )] TJ ET BT 155.672 231.989 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Historical Research)] TJ ET BT 251.996 231.989 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, 79 \(2006\), 325-66.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 347.984 231.989 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(7\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 347.984 230.595 m 401.972 230.595 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 48.816 217.738 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(8.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 217.733 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(D. A. Luckett, ?Crown Patronage and Political Morality in Early Tudor England: the case of Giles, )] TJ ET BT 64.016 203.477 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Lord Daubeney?, )] TJ ET BT 150.320 203.477 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(English Historical Review )] TJ ET BT 279.320 203.477 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(110 \(1995\), 589-93; Christine Carpenter, ?Henry VII and )] TJ ET BT 64.016 189.221 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the English Polity?, in )] TJ ET BT 173.696 189.221 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The Reign of Henry VII)] TJ ET BT 286.340 189.221 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, ed. Benjamin Thompson \(Stamford, 1995\), pp. 11?30.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 64.016 174.965 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(8\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 64.016 173.571 m 118.004 173.571 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 48.816 160.714 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(9.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 160.709 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(T. D. Penn, ?Literary service at the court of Henry VII? \(University of Cambridge, PhD thesis, 2001\).)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 64.016 146.453 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(9\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 64.016 145.059 m 118.004 145.059 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 42.816 132.202 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(10.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 132.197 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(V. A. C. Gatrell, )] TJ ET BT 146.672 132.197 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The Hanging Tree: Execution and the English People 1770?1868 )] TJ ET BT 464.312 132.197 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(Oxford, 1996\).)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 64.016 117.941 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(10\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 64.016 116.547 m 124.004 116.547 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 91.685 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Other reviews:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 77.429 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Guardian)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 34.016 63.173 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.guardian.co.uk/books/2011/nov/25/winter-king-thomas-penn-review)] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.016 61.779 m 420.980 61.779 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 423.980 63.173 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([3])] TJ ET BT 34.016 48.917 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Observer)] TJ ET endstream endobj 45 0 obj [43 0 R /Fit] endobj 46 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 47 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 378.6197 766.8775 398.6117 778.7575 ] >> endobj 47 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 48 0 obj << /Type /Annot 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