%PDF-1.3 1 0 obj << /Type /Catalog /Outlines 2 0 R /Pages 3 0 R >> endobj 2 0 obj << /Type /Outlines /Count 0 >> endobj 3 0 obj << /Type /Pages /Kids [6 0 R 14 0 R 19 0 R ] /Count 3 /Resources << /ProcSet 4 0 R /Font << /F1 8 0 R /F2 9 0 R /F3 10 0 R >> /XObject << /I1 11 0 R >> >> /MediaBox [0.000 0.000 595.280 841.890] >> endobj 4 0 obj [/PDF /Text /ImageC ] endobj 5 0 obj << /Creator (DOMPDF) /CreationDate (D:20141227031000+00'00') /ModDate (D:20141227031000+00'00') /Title (Brothers in Arms, Partners in Trade. Dutch?Indigenous Alliances in the Atlantic World, 1595?1674) >> endobj 6 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 12 0 R ] /Contents 7 0 R >> endobj 7 0 obj << /Length 4126 >> stream q 381.750 0 0 120.000 34.016 687.874 cm /I1 Do Q 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Published on )] TJ ET BT 99.356 676.469 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Reviews in History)] TJ ET BT 190.016 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \()] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 197.012 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 197.012 675.075 m 357.332 675.075 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 357.332 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\))] TJ ET 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.391 653.743 526.499 1.500 re S BT 34.016 615.321 Td /F3 18.0 Tf [(Brothers in Arms, Partners in Trade. Dutch?Indigenous Alliances )] TJ ET BT 34.016 593.937 Td /F3 18.0 Tf [(in the Atlantic World, 1595?1674)] TJ ET BT 34.016 266.195 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Brothers in Arms)] TJ ET BT 116.684 266.195 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( opens with two anecdotes that encapsulate its view of Dutch-indigenous relations during )] TJ ET BT 34.016 251.939 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the 17th-century rise and fall of the West India Company \(WIC\). In 1642 three WIC officials and a West )] TJ ET BT 34.016 237.683 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(African leader, ?Ockij, King of Great Acraa?, agreed a deal establishing a trading post on the Gold Coast )] TJ ET BT 34.016 223.427 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(which would open the region for Dutch trade in exchange for a monthly ?gift? of gold. Three years later, on )] TJ ET BT 34.016 209.171 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the other side of the Atlantic, a cosmopolitan Tupi leader of the Potiguares Indians, who had spent time in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 194.915 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the Republic and was fluent in Dutch, wrote to his cousin to persuade him to abandon his Portuguese )] TJ ET BT 34.016 180.659 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(backers, who had previously enslaved fellow natives, and join with the more fair-minded Dutch who ?live )] TJ ET BT 34.016 166.403 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(with us as brothers?. These and many more similar stories capture what Meuwese considers the importance )] TJ ET BT 34.016 152.147 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of WIC negotiations and the striking of deals with indigenous leaders, without which Dutch trade and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 137.891 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(imperial ventures would have been impossible. Equally important is the sense that these alliances often )] TJ ET BT 34.016 123.635 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(extended beyond narrowly pragmatic and self-interested considerations, not least because like other )] TJ ET BT 34.016 109.379 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(European colonizers the Dutch were frequently bargaining from a position of weakness which bound them to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 95.123 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(respect indigenous peoples. At times, Meuwese argues, the Dutch presented themselves and the natives )] TJ ET BT 34.016 80.867 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(accepted them as not only trading partners but also allies, friends, and even brothers.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 54.611 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The book is presented in six chapters, beginning with a survey of the rise and fall of the WIC from the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 563.315 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Review Number:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 549.059 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(1305)] TJ ET BT 34.016 534.803 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publish date:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 520.547 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Thursday, 23 August, 2012)] TJ ET BT 34.016 506.291 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Author:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 492.035 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Mark Meuwese)] TJ ET BT 34.016 477.779 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(ISBN:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 463.523 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(9789004210837)] TJ ET BT 34.016 449.267 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Date of Publication:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 435.011 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(2012)] TJ ET BT 34.016 420.755 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Price:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 406.499 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(110.00)] TJ ET BT 34.016 392.243 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Pages:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 377.987 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(370pp.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 363.731 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publisher:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 349.475 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Brill)] TJ ET BT 34.016 335.219 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Place of Publication:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 320.963 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Leiden)] TJ ET BT 34.016 306.707 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Reviewer:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 292.451 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Simon Middleton)] TJ ET endstream endobj 8 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F1 /BaseFont /Times-Roman /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 9 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F2 /BaseFont /Times-Italic /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 10 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F3 /BaseFont /Times-Bold /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 11 0 obj << /Type /XObject /Subtype /Image /Width 509 /Height 160 /Filter /FlateDecode /DecodeParms << /Predictor 15 /Colors 3 /Columns 509 /BitsPerComponent 8>> /Mask [ 255 255 255 255 255 255 ] /ColorSpace /DeviceRGB /BitsPerComponent 8 /Length 3280>> stream x[EQ㎦fVttҒ +3O{?lGDQԯDrB^.ϯ%~'0۠/2>0AG_>0j0GCfE67>rB^}@  !&y+r?INp:erc b8f=rQC!~-Wf^^zF[)G 2ޯe7V_Go3Ke GEGOo8rώ#\1ZY~N6^H}yLxS-!:412V+u\-LSO?xVvZ|GjǮT_8EYJF=Tw^ 7GxfN/S:Ʌ~ʟtt?5n÷J'JcF-GVξx{rO~tJd;#a\7}|~y'>}c2C vR}f׈**h.)_&@pfzjsx:5;S\vKhM5j=!Cn+h"u]a EUN]jn=k<,:Ք>sU!ni~6EJ)¦72?G}[y}_vc$t?iSܟ2Zݞ,VN?_`='RFK1A2qv&X_lLRWY'%:I㢖zb_UEx\>&ɆBˏ~K@ \gYØU4}$8Dv!'Q'*+Εj(UCGo[#< 2Ja(sZi9fZKE Rn`u\9r^Zmɯ׹}mstO4uc~#'jEvۼ Dx[z ޏQ4KL5,5u3>i^uÒ-53ba ~,~/pyt1fMU'CVm:qv~=Y'Es"WsφG?l_kN5}],Ow7 uh`xƫ?zMl7ٻv$A(4Dl(wwH} ?=[=S;yC]^BK>㕪9`Z'Wj;E|:bf>kCԘ#RY,iv쵗~}n'"1u" *uO΄/2^Sxr(!/DD\~mJyZ!MmrA!#u[if|99WB WΡpp}w}sh#,\ &:%˳X?D3 %W0cC?o̲^} F3XLVn]Cߖiϧ!7}yZJ#P7]=)7Ρp;>> Ye^xx{Oafw{ ;>4gfLt ʊ:q%#r/)pv!O4wGh|dS ӣݽހ-gVUC'pBxrB^} 7JA^} /'8!`:r?}}],X  }6y!`/~Br?}Q< >k7vx"] ,' .3jn{-i}|~%-};b6#U)7繎kiEw 㤳:E}[޼c"rꬊ7Dc$~"/Y&zSd:tFȌCrʙ`7u .#[-<)j ?TGS(j~oTup(hjU4PlJ=}|it.ҽ@\wʨuXÞZcx18Wo<~ikOg,ވ\^?EneyZcc0[R١z|zv7_m:_n]a?osS3~j^ hD.a_X'KfBX6w wݶ"Oa:,bvhrWH[uCF-Xfc}>x+Rz)2N-B 7y^٨;[/vg? | |2Sve}=o䑰j[vWjF0{굦?VI~}xM(_TlG__+]:#к?S} c>GŸD7 !w{S{B =x7a?oE#)+Gz:o_4Q<;n?\tt7?mGCџQGu4kņOF>F?#} hP&ђߴM#u!.СtL2^#o nIk_i.~7tr@n 1P~3?.[]=S5b߮~Yo^HFH YBi8a4iom>CKgMy*;?zqEӕ` >zB9iFzC?XF?ޟIܰ펉A}{I5ᄊx%ez#Mp@rߎpi]IOVjzuJt\۰f׺u5><,J~PTJp1)}){9N {!`/> endstream endobj 12 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 13 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 197.0117 675.3895 357.3317 687.2695 ] >> endobj 13 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews) >> endobj 14 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 17 0 R ] /Contents 15 0 R >> endobj 15 0 obj << /Length 7882 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(granting of its charter in 1621 to bankruptcy and re-organization in 1674. Chapter two considers the pre-)] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(WIC history of Dutch Atlantic overseas expansion and indigenous alliances. The remaining four chapters )] TJ ET BT 34.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(take the story forward through the years of WIC operation in four key Atlantic zones: north-eastern Brazil, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Angola and Kongo in West Central Africa, New Netherland in North America, and the Gold Coast. In the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 739.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(introduction Meuwese addresses conceptual premises and historiographical sympathies and gripes. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 725.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Borrowing from ethnohistory and the literature of encounter, he focuses on interactions on ?frontiers? or )] TJ ET BT 34.016 710.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(?contact zones? defined as ?geographic spaces where peoples of different cultures were bounded together? )] TJ ET BT 34.016 696.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and where relations ranged from accommodation, integration, and cooperation to violent confrontation on all )] TJ ET BT 34.016 682.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(sides. Indigenous communities did not retreat from European colonizers, but sought alliances for their own )] TJ ET BT 34.016 668.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(reasons. Similarly, the Dutch approached indigenous peoples in ways shaped by their character and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 653.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(circumstances: uniquely among European colonisers, they operated without centralized government )] TJ ET BT 34.016 639.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(direction, or a zealous missionary program, and pursued limited settlements; led by a merchant elite )] TJ ET BT 34.016 625.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(predisposed towards decentralized provincial decision making, WIC agents sought firm and durable )] TJ ET BT 34.016 611.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(alliances with native leaders. This imperial )] TJ ET BT 242.984 611.141 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(modus operandi)] TJ ET BT 320.648 611.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( and ambition have sometimes been obscured by )] TJ ET BT 34.016 596.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the WIC?s ultimate collapse and English and French victory over the Republic as a European power. But in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 582.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the first half of the century the Dutch married maritime capacity and drive with a sense of moral superiority )] TJ ET BT 34.016 568.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(over their Spanish enemies, and pursued an Atlantic empire. A key strength of Meuwese?s study is its )] TJ ET BT 34.016 554.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(comparative analysis of these disparate imperial projects. Another is his determination to bring indigenous )] TJ ET BT 34.016 539.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(peoples to the centre of an Atlantic historiography more often concerned with shipping, European migration, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 525.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(imperial administration, and the adaptation of political and religious culture. There was a Dutch Atlantic, it )] TJ ET BT 34.016 511.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(seems, and indigenous peoples were critical in its construction.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 485.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(By the late 16th century the Atlantic trade had developed four distinct ?commercial circuits? \(p. 15\) which )] TJ ET BT 34.016 470.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(served the by then well-established Iberian empires: Portuguese traders exchanged European goods and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 456.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(precious metals for slaves in West Africa, from Senegambia to Angola; ships taking trade goods to Spanish )] TJ ET BT 34.016 442.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(America returned with the silver that funded Hapsburg power in Europe; next came the movement of people )] TJ ET BT 34.016 428.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and products, especially sugar, between Portugal and Brazil; and finally, the rapidly developing slave trade )] TJ ET BT 34.016 413.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(between West Africa and the New World. While the English and French were occupied with dynastic )] TJ ET BT 34.016 399.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(struggles and the domestic ramifications of the Reformation, the Dutch were propelled onto the international )] TJ ET BT 34.016 385.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(stage by the need to take the republican revolt to the Spanish. Dutch overseas expansion prior to the WIC )] TJ ET BT 34.016 371.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(established a pattern for later practice by seeking mutually beneficial alliances with native peoples who were )] TJ ET BT 34.016 356.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(eager to acquire their trade goods. On the Gold Coast a relationship akin to Richard White?s ?middle )] TJ ET BT 34.016 342.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(ground? developed between Dutch and Akan Kingdom whose loyalty they won over from the Portuguese )] TJ ET BT 34.016 328.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and which neither coloniser could survive without.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 277.652 328.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(1\))] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 277.652 326.883 m 291.644 326.883 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 291.644 328.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( The Akan were impressed by the availability and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 314.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(range of Dutch trade goods. It was a similar story in South America, where natives were eager to trade with )] TJ ET BT 34.016 299.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the Dutch and also valued their assistance as allies against rival tribes and slave raids by the Iberian powers. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 285.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Another early pattern indicated that Dutch native alliances were most stable in areas where the Iberian )] TJ ET BT 34.016 271.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(powers posed a mutual threat.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 244.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Plans for a WIC were first mooted in the 1590s, but then deferred to the establishment of the East India )] TJ ET BT 34.016 230.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Company and later a truce agreed between Spanish and Dutch states in 1609. The return of hostilities in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 216.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(1621 encouraged militarists, hard-line Calvinists, and ambitious merchants to lobby for the chartering of a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 202.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(WIC, intended to replicate the commercial success of its East Indian counterpart and harry Spanish interests )] TJ ET BT 34.016 187.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(in the Atlantic. Initially, the Company focused on the Angolan coast, aiming to sabotage the slave trade that )] TJ ET BT 34.016 173.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(generated Portuguese and Spanish wealth and power. Beginning in the late 1620s and 1630s there were more )] TJ ET BT 34.016 159.461 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(ambitious campaigns against slave ports on the Gold Coast and sugar plantations in Brazil. Progress was )] TJ ET BT 34.016 145.205 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(slow and setbacks were many. Even after the Portuguese formally ceded control of Brazil and Atlantic )] TJ ET BT 34.016 130.949 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Africa in 1641, conflict continued. Early on the WIC benefited from divisions within the Brazilian Tupi )] TJ ET BT 34.016 116.693 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Indians to better the Portuguese, before seeing their erstwhile native partners tuned back towards the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 102.437 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Portuguese 1645?56 and push the Dutch back to coastal enclaves and finally off the continent. The promise )] TJ ET BT 34.016 88.181 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of great wealth meant the Company expended most of its resources on this ultimately failed attempt to build )] TJ ET BT 34.016 73.925 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(an empire in the South Atlantic, but it was also active elsewhere. In Angola and Kongo the WIC confronted )] TJ ET BT 34.016 59.669 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(large and powerful African armies which were able to play the Dutch and Portuguese off against one )] TJ ET endstream endobj 16 0 obj [14 0 R /Fit] endobj 17 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 18 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 277.6517 327.1975 291.6437 339.0775 ] >> endobj 18 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 19 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 21 0 R 23 0 R ] /Contents 20 0 R >> endobj 20 0 obj << /Length 5327 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(another. The result was a wretched cycle of territory taken and lost, native alliances, bloody conflicts, and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(double dealing. On the Gold Coast the Company managed to better the Portuguese with native support and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(to achieve a dominant position in the mid-century decades; until the English and French competition, here )] TJ ET BT 34.016 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and in the wider Atlantic, challenged their monopolies. In North America, New Netherland offered access to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 739.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(valuable furs and the Company established a trading post and small settlement in 1623. New Netherland?s )] TJ ET BT 34.016 725.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(status as minor Company asset is belied by its prominence in a voluminous and growing colonial American )] TJ ET BT 34.016 710.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(historiography. Meuwese does a nice job of summarizing what we know ? amongst other things, about )] TJ ET BT 34.016 696.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(clashes between colonizing and commercial factions in the Company?s Amsterdam chamber that led to the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 682.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(end of the monopoly and opening up of private trade and the consequent impact on Dutch-indigenous )] TJ ET BT 34.016 668.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(relations, especially with the powerful Iroquois communities. Rather than a normative impression of Dutch-)] TJ ET BT 34.016 653.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(indigenous encounters, as some have suggested, New Netherland provides an noteworthy contrast to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 639.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(relationships developed elsewhere.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 613.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Overall, Meuwese clearly demonstrates that the WIC?s imperial strategy and success, albeit transitory, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 599.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(depended on recognition of the rights, mores, and agency of indigenous peoples. Distinguishing its activities )] TJ ET BT 34.016 584.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(from morally corrupt Spanish ventures, the Company acknowledged Indian land titles and learned to adapt )] TJ ET BT 34.016 570.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(trade approaches and interests, for example to the native practice of gift exchange. Of course these alliances )] TJ ET BT 34.016 556.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(were frequently accompanied by threatened and actual violence of unimaginable brutality, and Meuwese )] TJ ET BT 34.016 542.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(doesn?t stint on this aspect of the story. But indigenous peoples, or at least their leaders and representatives, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 527.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(also coveted European trade goods and weapons and entered into agreements with colonisers they )] TJ ET BT 34.016 513.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(considered allies and more. It is a considerable achievement to have unearthed these encounters and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 499.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(rendered their subsequent twists and turns in comparative Atlantic World contexts. Meuwese demonstrates )] TJ ET BT 34.016 485.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(an enviable confidence when dealing with diverse sources and historiographies which he knits together well. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 470.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(If there is a criticism it is that four central chapters tend to repeat themes and patterns and, by covering and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 456.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(then re-covering the same chronology, perhaps lose something of the narrative force and drama of the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 442.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(WIC?s rise and fall. In the end, as Meuwese makes clear, the WIC?s strategy of cross-subsidising failing and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 428.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(costly ventures with the more successful endeavours built on native alliances was unable to withstand )] TJ ET BT 34.016 413.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(challenges on multiple fronts, as the Company found itself facing indigenous and European enemies whose )] TJ ET BT 34.016 399.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(attacks impoverished its trade and made it impossible to deliver profits to investors.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 364.659 Td /F3 18.0 Tf [(Notes)] TJ ET BT 48.816 334.042 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(1.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 334.037 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Richard White, )] TJ ET BT 140.336 334.037 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The Middle Ground : Indians, Empires, and Republics in the Great Lakes Region, )] TJ ET BT 64.016 319.781 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(1650?1815 )] TJ ET BT 121.016 319.781 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(Cambridge, 1991\).)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 215.336 319.781 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(1\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 215.336 318.387 m 269.324 318.387 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 293.525 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The author is happy to accept this review and does not wish to comment further.)] TJ ET 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.391 276.799 526.499 1.500 re S BT 34.016 259.019 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Source URL:)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 104.672 259.019 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/review/1305)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 104.672 257.625 m 328.316 257.625 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 232.648 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Links:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 218.248 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([1] http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/item/29704)] TJ ET endstream endobj 21 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 22 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 215.3357 318.7015 269.3237 330.5815 ] >> endobj 22 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /GoTo /D 16 0 R >> endobj 23 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 24 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 104.6717 257.9395 328.3157 269.8195 ] >> endobj 24 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/review/1305) >> endobj xref 0 25 0000000000 65535 f 0000000008 00000 n 0000000073 00000 n 0000000119 00000 n 0000000335 00000 n 0000000372 00000 n 0000000592 00000 n 0000000674 00000 n 0000004852 00000 n 0000004961 00000 n 0000005071 00000 n 0000005180 00000 n 0000008741 00000 n 0000008869 00000 n 0000008953 00000 n 0000009037 00000 n 0000016972 00000 n 0000017002 00000 n 0000017130 00000 n 0000017166 00000 n 0000017257 00000 n 0000022637 00000 n 0000022765 00000 n 0000022820 00000 n 0000022948 00000 n trailer << /Size 25 /Root 1 0 R /Info 5 0 R >> startxref 23044 %%EOF