%PDF-1.3 1 0 obj << /Type /Catalog /Outlines 2 0 R /Pages 3 0 R >> endobj 2 0 obj << /Type /Outlines /Count 0 >> endobj 3 0 obj << /Type /Pages /Kids [6 0 R 14 0 R 16 0 R 18 0 R 25 0 R ] /Count 5 /Resources << /ProcSet 4 0 R /Font << /F1 8 0 R /F2 9 0 R /F3 10 0 R >> /XObject << /I1 11 0 R >> >> /MediaBox [0.000 0.000 595.280 841.890] >> endobj 4 0 obj [/PDF /Text /ImageC ] endobj 5 0 obj << /Creator (DOMPDF) /CreationDate (D:20140725020435+01'00') /ModDate (D:20140725020435+01'00') /Title (The Wonderbox: Curious Histories of How to Live) >> endobj 6 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 12 0 R ] /Contents 7 0 R >> endobj 7 0 obj << /Length 1844 >> stream q 381.750 0 0 120.000 34.016 687.874 cm /I1 Do Q 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Published on )] TJ ET BT 99.356 676.469 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Reviews in History)] TJ ET BT 190.016 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \()] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 197.012 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 197.012 675.075 m 357.332 675.075 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 357.332 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\))] TJ ET 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.391 653.743 526.499 1.500 re S BT 34.016 615.321 Td /F3 18.0 Tf [(The Wonderbox: Curious Histories of How to Live)] TJ ET BT 34.016 584.699 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Review Number:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 570.443 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(1306)] TJ ET BT 34.016 556.187 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publish date:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 541.931 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Thursday, 23 August, 2012)] TJ ET BT 34.016 527.675 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Author:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 513.419 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Roman Krznaric)] TJ ET BT 34.016 499.163 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(ISBN:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 484.907 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(9781846683930)] TJ ET BT 34.016 470.651 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Date of Publication:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 456.395 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(2011)] TJ ET BT 34.016 442.139 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Price:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 427.883 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(14.99)] TJ ET BT 34.016 413.627 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Pages:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 399.371 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(368pp.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 385.115 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publisher:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 370.859 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Profile Books)] TJ ET BT 34.016 356.603 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publisher url:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 342.347 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Place of Publication:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 328.091 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(London)] TJ ET BT 34.016 313.835 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Reviewer:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 299.579 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(James G. R. 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Roman Krznaric, in )] TJ ET BT 236.648 784.469 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The Wonderbox: Curious Histories of How to Live)] TJ ET BT 479.648 784.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, tackles a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 770.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(question as old as civilization itself from a position more fundamental than philosophy, religion or )] TJ ET BT 34.016 755.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(psychology offer on their own. This position is historical. Krznaric is a flexible cultural thinker and a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 741.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(founding member of The School of Life, based in a small shop in Central London, which takes an activist )] TJ ET BT 34.016 727.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(educational stance. Intrinsically holistic in nature, it offers instruction and inspiration on questions of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 713.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(lifestyle directed by various ideas drawn from philosophy, literature, psychology and the visual arts to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 698.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(expand human potentiality. Indeed, individual book chapters read like potential topics from a possible )] TJ ET BT 34.016 684.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(educational curriculum. During a varied career, Krznaric has acted as advisor to international organisations, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 670.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(including Oxfam and the United Nations, on the practice of empathy to promote social and cultural change. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 656.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(He argues that promotion of empathy is central to personal and communal well-being, thereby, challenging a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 641.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(conventional idea that human beings are essentially self-seeking and self-serving. )] TJ ET BT 428.276 641.909 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The Observer)] TJ ET BT 493.928 641.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( newspaper )] TJ ET BT 34.016 627.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(has named Krznaric one of Britain?s leading contemporary lifestyle philosophers. His text is shot through )] TJ ET BT 34.016 613.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(with insights gleaned from a spectrum of careers he has pursued, from gardener to academic, thereby )] TJ ET BT 34.016 599.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(grounding his philosophical position in experiential learning and reflective practice. This stance, which )] TJ ET BT 34.016 584.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(significantly informs his project, acknowledges contingency as an agent at work in the process of historical )] TJ ET BT 34.016 570.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(subjectivity. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 544.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(It?s an intriguing idea to recall the Renaissance )] TJ ET BT 263.972 544.373 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Wunderkammer)] TJ ET BT 340.616 544.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, or cabinet of curiosities, translated here as )] TJ ET BT 34.016 530.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(?wonderbox?, in the book?s title. As a forerunner to the modern museum and gallery, historically the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 515.861 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Wunderkammer)] TJ ET BT 110.660 515.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( reflected its collector?s engagement with the world in microcosom through his act of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 501.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(collecting. Through this process, it became a memory theatre. Krznaric?s )] TJ ET BT 388.268 501.605 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Wonderbox)] TJ ET BT 443.588 501.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( functions as a cultural )] TJ ET BT 34.016 487.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(theatre of memory by assembling a diverse assortment of past lives. Its pages are crammed with inspirational )] TJ ET BT 34.016 473.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(stories: St. Francis of Assisi and George Orwell engaging with lifestyle experiments in empathy; Adam )] TJ ET BT 34.016 458.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Smith?s pin factory and the birth of modern capitalist production; Albert Schweitzer engaging in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 444.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(philanthropic work from a vocational stance; Helen Keller, born deaf and blind, transcending conventional )] TJ ET BT 34.016 430.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(sensory communication; William Morris and his contemporary John Ruskin promoting holistic creativity; or )] TJ ET BT 34.016 416.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the graphic self-immolation of the Buddhist monk, Thich Quang Duc, performed as a sacrificial act of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 401.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(political activism. Such assemblages demonstrate how historical actors have responded to situations they )] TJ ET BT 34.016 387.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(have found themselves in and how they endeavored to transcend these circumstances.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 361.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(To Roman Krznaric, a study of human history provides examples of numerous ?curious histories? of almost )] TJ ET BT 34.016 347.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(every possible lifestyle or philosophical premise. In )] TJ ET BT 285.320 347.045 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The Wonderbox)] TJ ET BT 361.640 347.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, he convincingly argues that the nature )] TJ ET BT 34.016 332.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of contemporary Western culture is not intrinsically deterministic, but is inherently contingent on the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 318.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(vicissitudes of history. Our responsibility, as individuals and citizens, is not just to mine the past for )] TJ ET BT 34.016 304.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(inspiration; we also need to assume responsibility for our culturally inherited restrictive or tarnished )] TJ ET BT 34.016 290.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(ambitions and assumptions. Krznaric takes inspiration from Johann Wolfgang von Goethe?s maxim, ?He )] TJ ET BT 34.016 275.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(who cannot draw on three thousand years is living from hand to mouth? \(p. xii\). Goethe is something of a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 261.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(touchstone for Krznaric, throughout his entire study, partly because this 18th?century poet and philosopher )] TJ ET BT 34.016 247.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(had the courage to abandon his privileged court position at Weimar, in the dead of night, to secretly embark )] TJ ET BT 34.016 232.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(on his Italian odyssey, and partly because Goethe understood that to know oneself requires moving beyond )] TJ ET BT 34.016 218.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(one?s own perception to engagement with the world through travel and the pursuit of knowledge. Goethe )] TJ ET BT 34.016 204.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(provides, for Krznaric, the quintessential model of informed action, tempered by judicious reflection. The )] TJ ET BT 34.016 190.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(creative tensions, made manifest through this process, are played out in 12 chapters in this anthology of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 175.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(vignettes drawn from history and brought into dialogue, exemplifying modes of contemporary Western )] TJ ET BT 34.016 161.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(lifestyles: our relationships with one another, with work, with perceptions of time, with the arts and nature, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 147.461 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(with travel and with attitudes to death. His concluding chapter, calling on Westernised cultures to reassess )] TJ ET BT 34.016 133.205 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(attitudes towards death and dying, as in his use of ?deathstyle?, evoking reaffirming connotations with )] TJ ET BT 34.016 118.949 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(?lifestyle?, is one of the most thought-provoking and poignant chapters in the book; it starkly portrays how )] TJ ET BT 34.016 104.693 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(uncomfortable contemporary Westernised societies have become with notions of death and dying and, as a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 90.437 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(consequence, how culture has become uprooted from a past where death was an acknowledged presence.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 64.181 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Many of us blithely exist within contemporary culture without becoming fully aware of its deeply tangled )] TJ ET BT 34.016 49.925 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(roots which entwine multiple histories: some clearly apparent, others semi-apparent, and still others )] TJ ET endstream endobj 16 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Contents 17 0 R >> endobj 17 0 obj << /Length 8667 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(forgotten. An interesting example of historical rehabilitation, included by Krznaric in his chapter on )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(empathy, concerns Adam Smith, commonly remembered as the father of capitalism, but rehabilitated here as )] TJ ET BT 34.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(a prototypical ethical thinker. Economists generally assume that Smith believed that human beings )] TJ ET BT 34.016 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(invariably pursue their self-interest. 17 years before the publication of )] TJ ET BT 372.944 753.701 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The Wealth of Nations)] TJ ET BT 480.620 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( in 1776, the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 739.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(work for which Smith will always be remembered, Smith wrote another, now largely forgotten book entitled )] TJ ET BT 34.016 725.189 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The Theory of Moral Sentiments)] TJ ET BT 189.344 725.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( which expounded the world?s first fully developed theory of empathy, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 710.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(which at that time was known as ?sympathy? \(p. 57\). The volume gives examples of how humans naturally )] TJ ET BT 34.016 696.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(step into the shoes of other people, without intending to benefit themselves. Although the 18th century is )] TJ ET BT 34.016 682.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(associated with the emergence of profit-hungry competitive capitalism it also witnessed the beginnings of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 668.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the first organisations to combat child neglect, slavery, and cruelty to animals. Indeed, contemporary studies )] TJ ET BT 34.016 653.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(in evolutionary biology and neuroscience are beginning to support sentiments advocated by Smith in the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 639.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(18th century. Historical rehabilitation, as exemplified by this example, demonstrates a need to continually )] TJ ET BT 34.016 625.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(challenge accepted beliefs enshrined in canonical historical narratives. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 599.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(A leitmotif threading through )] TJ ET BT 178.676 599.141 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The Wonderbox)] TJ ET BT 254.996 599.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( posits that a destabilising discontent lies at the core of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 584.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(contemporary Western culture. Roman Krznaric, by peeling back layers of deposited historical narratives, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 570.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(encourages his readers to become aware of the historically constructed nature of culture and how these traces )] TJ ET BT 34.016 556.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(continue to resonate through linguistic and cultural discourse. Two of the most salient ways he does this is )] TJ ET BT 34.016 542.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(by unearthing multiplicities of experience as embodied through language and the visual arts. Traditional )] TJ ET BT 34.016 527.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(historians, educated in archival history, are frequently uncomfortable with ?reading? the visual arts as )] TJ ET BT 34.016 513.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(analogous to documentary sources because such analysis frequently requires familiarity with disciplinary art )] TJ ET BT 34.016 499.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(history. The interdisciplinary method Krznaric adopts demonstrates the usefulness of the visual arts not )] TJ ET BT 34.016 485.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(merely for echoing, but for amplifying historical traces through documentary evidence.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 458.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Cultural discourse is drenched in historical memory. For example, understandings of love and friendship in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 444.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(contemporary Western culture are now linguistically one-dimensional, argues Roman Krznaric, in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 430.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(comparison to the nuanced understandings of the ancients. Classical Greece, he argues, linguistically )] TJ ET BT 34.016 416.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(differentiated six different kinds of love, of which only one, )] TJ ET BT 324.632 416.069 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Eros)] TJ ET BT 347.300 416.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, resembled contemporary romantic love. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 401.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(These linguistic nuances spoke of)] TJ ET BT 195.992 401.813 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [( Philia )] TJ ET BT 231.332 401.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(as the love between family and friends. )] TJ ET BT 422.624 401.813 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Agape)] TJ ET BT 453.284 401.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( was understood as )] TJ ET BT 34.016 387.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(love selflessly extended to one's whole community. )] TJ ET BT 284.156 387.557 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Pragma)] TJ ET BT 322.820 387.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( was understood as the mature love found )] TJ ET BT 34.016 373.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(between long-term partners. )] TJ ET BT 171.980 373.301 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Philauteo)] TJ ET BT 218.648 373.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, love of oneself, was seen as fundamental to being able to give love to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 359.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(others. Even flirtatious banter should not be dismissed out-of-hand because even the ancient Greeks valued )] TJ ET BT 34.016 344.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(such playful affection as )] TJ ET BT 154.652 344.789 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Ludus)] TJ ET BT 183.992 344.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(. In the visual arts, the Renaissance iconography of the Garden of Love, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 330.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(featured in a portrait of a married couple, painted by the Dutch master Frans Hals in 1622 \(p. 19\), illustrates )] TJ ET BT 34.016 316.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the quiet revolution in European marriage led by the Dutch during the 17th century. Similar to networks of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 302.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(relationships, the perception of time is a cultural construction enfolding multiple linguistic histories. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 287.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Krznaric argues that contemporary anxiety with notions of the temporal, most notably in Westernised )] TJ ET BT 34.016 273.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(cultures, is psycholinguistically imprinted by socio-economic displacement, initially occurring in Britain )] TJ ET BT 34.016 259.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(during the first Industrial Revolution of the 18th century, and accelerating with the adoption of Fordism as )] TJ ET BT 34.016 244.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(an industrial processing model in North America during the early 20th century. Through these movements, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 230.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the meaning and value of time became increasingly laden with symbolic capital as it took on the discourse of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 216.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the commercial marketplace. A measure of just how deeply the discourse of the marketplace permeates )] TJ ET BT 34.016 202.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(contemporary culture is illustrated through a consideration of the iconography of money. The reverse of the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 187.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(sterling 20-pound note depicts Adam Smith in profile, set against his pin factory, bearing the caption: ?The )] TJ ET BT 34.016 173.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(division of labour in pin manufacturing and the great increase in the quantity of work that results? \(pp. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 159.461 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(82?3\). In terms of a history of the senses, Western culture has come to be dominated by ocularcentrism, or )] TJ ET BT 34.016 145.205 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the privileging of vision, since the 15th century. In visualising the senses, Krznaric chooses an anatomical )] TJ ET BT 34.016 130.949 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(illustration from the )] TJ ET BT 133.016 130.949 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Margarita philosophia )] TJ ET BT 245.696 130.949 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(1503\), an illustrated encyclopedia widely used as a university )] TJ ET BT 34.016 116.693 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(textbook in 16th-century Germany. It illustrates how the outer senses of hearing, vision, taste and smell all )] TJ ET BT 34.016 102.437 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(meet in the )] TJ ET BT 90.344 102.437 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(sensus comunis)] TJ ET BT 164.672 102.437 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( or ?common sense? in the front ventricle \(p. 155\). While the anatomy of the five )] TJ ET BT 34.016 88.181 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(senses has been challenged in recent centuries by biological sciences, the term ?common sense? has )] TJ ET BT 34.016 73.925 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(nevertheless remained in popular parlance to describe innate good decision-making. Krznaric cites Marshall )] TJ ET BT 34.016 59.669 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(McLuhan?s eloquent quotation interpreting the seismic cultural impact of Johannes Gutenberg?s innovation, )] TJ ET endstream endobj 18 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 21 0 R 23 0 R ] /Contents 19 0 R >> endobj 19 0 obj << /Length 7692 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(around 1439, of moveable type print as ?a ?twist for the kaleidoscope of the entire sensorium?, sparking a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(communications revolution ?in which the eye speeded up and the voice quieted down?...? \(p. 162\). A second )] TJ ET BT 34.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(catalyst privileging vision was the Protestant Reformation in the 16th and 17th centuries. Reforms included a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(liturgical ban on burning sweet smelling incense in churches. The empiricism of the Enlightenment project )] TJ ET BT 34.016 739.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(further associated a sense of vision with objective understanding. In this, the Enlightenment still continues to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 725.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(resonate.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 698.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(In order for us to culturally step outside our received histories we need not only to become aware of how )] TJ ET BT 34.016 684.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(linguistic histories came into being, but to begin a process of deliberately reprogramming our discourse. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 670.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Roman Krznaric proposes suggestions as to how this may be achieved at the end of each of his 12 chapters. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 656.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(For example, the Balinese escape the tyranny of a linear concept of time by seeing it as a wheel. Liturgical )] TJ ET BT 34.016 641.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(time has a cyclical nature. The meditative practices of Zen Buddhism offer its exponents opportunities to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 627.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(replace the predominant perception of linear accelerated time, dominating secular cultures, with the slow )] TJ ET BT 34.016 613.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(time experiences of mindfulness. Placing received metaphors under scrutiny and experimenting with new )] TJ ET BT 34.016 599.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(ones potentially sets up a different dynamic as regards understanding our relationships with a dominant )] TJ ET BT 34.016 584.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(discourse. What would be the implications of thinking about leisure time as ?time on? rather than as ?time )] TJ ET BT 34.016 570.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(off?? Krznaric asks, intriguingly \(p. 113\). Travel is often linguistically framed as a form of escape. We speak )] TJ ET BT 34.016 556.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of ?getaway? holidays offering relief from everyday domestic and work pressures \(p. 202\). He surveys a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 542.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(spectrum of journeying experienced across human history in the form of nomadic wanderings, pilgrimage, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 527.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(tourism and exploration. He urges his readers to discursively reframe their experiences of travel as integral )] TJ ET BT 34.016 513.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(to their lives as ?time on? rather than as ?time off? \(p. 203\). He advocates reconnecting with our inherent )] TJ ET BT 34.016 499.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(ecological selves, succinctly encapsulated this quotation from a New England philosopher: ??In Wilderness )] TJ ET BT 34.016 485.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(is preservation of the World?, wrote Thoreau, ?Yes of the world. But also of ourselves?? \(p. 226\). Taken )] TJ ET BT 34.016 470.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(together, the final section of the book, urging reconnections with the natural environment as expressed )] TJ ET BT 34.016 456.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(through biophilia, with belief systems and with our inherent creativity and imagination, offers to us the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 442.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(potential to re-imagine our circumstances. The word ?luxury? derives from the Latin for abundance. In )] TJ ET BT 34.016 428.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(consumer societies we have been taught to think of it simply in material terms, but we could reframe it as )] TJ ET BT 34.016 413.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(pertaining to lifestyle. Through history applied to lifestyle the reader is invited to step outside received )] TJ ET BT 34.016 399.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(cultural discourses to imagine alternative futures. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 373.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Postmodernist discourse has ruptured long-established canonical narratives of teleological progression; an )] TJ ET BT 34.016 359.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(aspect of its continuing legacy places an emphasis on the condition of human history as one marked by )] TJ ET BT 34.016 344.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(particularity and incompleteness. As a project of ?applied history? \(p. xi\), Roman Krznaric crosses into )] TJ ET BT 34.016 330.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(territory occupied by Alain de Botton and Theodore Zeldin in the popular imagination. While the majority of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 316.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(historical lives cited in the book are well known to students of history and the general reader, nevertheless, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 302.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(individually, these lives are often treated in much too cursive a fashion. In keeping with such a vast project, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 287.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(where any single chapter topic has potential to become a study in itself, the reader is frequently left with an )] TJ ET BT 34.016 273.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(impression that historical lives have been selected for inclusion so as to illustrate a particular philosophical )] TJ ET BT 34.016 259.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(position or lifestyle choice promoted by the author. In this respect, the project?s title perfectly encapsulates )] TJ ET BT 34.016 244.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(its author?s thematic emphasis on acts of historical excavation of lived experiences to illuminate, for his )] TJ ET BT 34.016 230.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(readers, alternative ways of being in the world. At times, the work exudes a prophetical polemic. Its clarion )] TJ ET BT 34.016 216.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(call to acknowledge history, but not to be bound by it, broadly reminds this reviewer of the thesis proposed )] TJ ET BT 34.016 202.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(in Paul Ricoeur?s )] TJ ET BT 121.676 202.229 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(magnum opus)] TJ ET BT 188.672 202.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( entitled )] TJ ET BT 230.672 202.229 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Memory, History, Forgetting)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 372.992 202.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(1\))] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 372.992 200.835 m 386.984 200.835 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 386.984 202.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( in which this interdisciplinary )] TJ ET BT 34.016 187.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(thinker, working at the edges of history, philosophy and theology, proposes that the act of forgetting is )] TJ ET BT 34.016 173.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(linked to memory and faithfulness to the past remembered without anger and prejudice. If there is one )] TJ ET BT 34.016 159.461 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(abiding lesson to be drawn from )] TJ ET BT 191.996 159.461 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The Wonderbox)] TJ ET BT 268.316 159.461 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( it is this: to be open to alternative futures one needs to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 145.205 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(become aware of multiple pasts.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 110.307 Td /F3 18.0 Tf [(Notes)] TJ ET BT 48.816 79.690 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(1.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 79.685 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Paul Ricoeur, )] TJ ET BT 132.344 79.685 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Memory, History, Forgetting)] TJ ET BT 271.664 79.685 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(Chicago, IL, 2006\).)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 372.980 79.685 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(1\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 372.980 78.291 m 426.968 78.291 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 53.429 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Other reviews:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 39.173 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Guardian)] TJ ET endstream endobj 20 0 obj [18 0 R /Fit] endobj 21 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 22 0 R /Border [0 0 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http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/item/29708)] TJ ET BT 34.016 647.512 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([2] http://www.guardian.co.uk/books/2012/jan/13/wonderbox-roman-krznaric-review)] TJ ET BT 34.016 633.227 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([3] http://www.independent.co.uk/arts-entertainment/books/reviews/the-wonderbox-curious-histories-of-)] TJ ET BT 34.016 618.856 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(how-to-live-by-roman-krznaric-6291819.html)] TJ ET BT 34.016 604.456 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([4] http://www.ft.com/cms/s/2/00c926ae-36ca-11e1-9ca3-00144feabdc0.html#axzz24MYYWCMT)] TJ ET endstream endobj 27 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 28 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 34.0157 795.3895 427.6157 807.2695 ] >> endobj 28 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.guardian.co.uk/books/2012/jan/13/wonderbox-roman-krznaric-review) >> endobj 29 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 30 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 34.0157 766.8775 558.9317 778.7575 ] >> endobj 30 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI 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