%PDF-1.3 1 0 obj << /Type /Catalog /Outlines 2 0 R /Pages 3 0 R >> endobj 2 0 obj << /Type /Outlines /Count 0 >> endobj 3 0 obj << /Type /Pages /Kids [6 0 R 14 0 R 28 0 R 30 0 R 42 0 R ] /Count 5 /Resources << /ProcSet 4 0 R /Font << /F1 8 0 R /F2 9 0 R /F3 10 0 R >> /XObject << /I1 11 0 R >> >> /MediaBox [0.000 0.000 595.280 841.890] >> endobj 4 0 obj [/PDF /Text /ImageC ] endobj 5 0 obj << /Creator (DOMPDF) /CreationDate (D:20140916002542+01'00') /ModDate (D:20140916002542+01'00') /Title (Normandy and its Neighbours, 900-1250: Essays for David Bates) >> endobj 6 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 12 0 R ] /Contents 7 0 R >> endobj 7 0 obj << /Length 4130 >> stream q 381.750 0 0 120.000 34.016 687.874 cm /I1 Do Q 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Published on )] TJ ET BT 99.356 676.469 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Reviews in History)] TJ ET BT 190.016 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \()] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 197.012 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 197.012 675.075 m 357.332 675.075 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 357.332 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\))] TJ ET 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.391 653.743 526.499 1.500 re S BT 34.016 615.321 Td /F3 18.0 Tf [(Normandy and its Neighbours, 900-1250: Essays for David Bates)] TJ ET BT 34.016 259.067 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(David Bates? career as a leading Norman and Anglo-Norman historian has bridged the channel through his )] TJ ET BT 34.016 244.811 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(extensive engagement with the scholarly community on both shores. Most recently, he has held the post of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 230.555 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(professeur invit at l?Universit de Caen Basse-Normandie and is professor emeritus at the University of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 216.299 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(East Anglia. His own work has focused on the careers of individuals, notably William the Conqueror and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 202.043 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Odo, bishop of Bayeux; the editing of complex documents, for example the )] TJ ET BT 399.308 202.043 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(acta)] TJ ET BT 419.972 202.043 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( of William; questions of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 187.787 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Norman identities and the reception of the conquest of England during the Middle Ages and beyond. More )] TJ ET BT 34.016 173.531 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(recently, he has returned to the study of the Normans in relation to ideas of empire. Bates has also promoted )] TJ ET BT 34.016 159.275 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the interests of the wider discipline of history through his work as a former director of the Institute of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 145.019 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Historical Research and vice-president of the Royal Historical Society. The list of contributors to the volume )] TJ ET BT 34.016 130.763 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(is an impressive catalogue of leading Norman and Anglo-Norman historians, and given that the honorand of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 116.507 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the )] TJ ET BT 51.680 116.507 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(festschrift)] TJ ET BT 99.020 116.507 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( has done so much to foster dialogue between historians based in Britain and those in France, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 102.251 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(three of the contributors are French. Appropriately, many of these aspects are reflected in the volume, edited )] TJ ET BT 34.016 87.995 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(by two of his former students.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 61.739 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The volume itself begins with an appreciation of Bates?s career and a comprehensive bibliography of his )] TJ ET BT 34.016 584.699 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Review Number:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 570.443 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(1310)] TJ ET BT 34.016 556.187 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publish date:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 541.931 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Thursday, 30 August, 2012)] TJ ET BT 34.016 527.675 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Editor:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 513.419 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(David Crouch)] TJ ET BT 34.016 499.163 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Kathleen Thompson)] TJ ET BT 34.016 484.907 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(ISBN:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 470.651 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(9782503520629)] TJ ET BT 34.016 456.395 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Date of Publication:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 442.139 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(2011)] TJ ET BT 34.016 427.883 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Price:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 413.627 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(65.00)] TJ ET BT 34.016 399.371 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Pages:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 385.115 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(322pp.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 370.859 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publisher:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 356.603 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Brepols)] TJ ET BT 34.016 342.347 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publisher url:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 328.091 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Place of Publication:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 313.835 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Turnhout)] TJ ET BT 34.016 299.579 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Reviewer:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 285.323 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Leonie V. Hicks)] TJ ET endstream endobj 8 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F1 /BaseFont /Times-Roman /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 9 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F2 /BaseFont /Times-Italic /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 10 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F3 /BaseFont /Times-Bold /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 11 0 obj << /Type /XObject /Subtype /Image /Width 509 /Height 160 /Filter /FlateDecode /DecodeParms << /Predictor 15 /Colors 3 /Columns 509 /BitsPerComponent 8>> /Mask [ 255 255 255 255 255 255 ] /ColorSpace /DeviceRGB /BitsPerComponent 8 /Length 3280>> stream x[EQ㎦fVttҒ +3O{?lGDQԯDrB^.ϯ%~'0۠/2>0AG_>0j0GCfE67>rB^}@  !&y+r?INp:erc b8f=rQC!~-Wf^^zF[)G 2ޯe7V_Go3Ke GEGOo8rώ#\1ZY~N6^H}yLxS-!:412V+u\-LSO?xVvZ|GjǮT_8EYJF=Tw^ 7GxfN/S:Ʌ~ʟtt?5n÷J'JcF-GVξx{rO~tJd;#a\7}|~y'>}c2C vR}f׈**h.)_&@pfzjsx:5;S\vKhM5j=!Cn+h"u]a EUN]jn=k<,:Ք>sU!ni~6EJ)¦72?G}[y}_vc$t?iSܟ2Zݞ,VN?_`='RFK1A2qv&X_lLRWY'%:I㢖zb_UEx\>&ɆBˏ~K@ \gYØU4}$8Dv!'Q'*+Εj(UCGo[#< 2Ja(sZi9fZKE Rn`u\9r^Zmɯ׹}mstO4uc~#'jEvۼ Dx[z ޏQ4KL5,5u3>i^uÒ-53ba ~,~/pyt1fMU'CVm:qv~=Y'Es"WsφG?l_kN5}],Ow7 uh`xƫ?zMl7ٻv$A(4Dl(wwH} ?=[=S;yC]^BK>㕪9`Z'Wj;E|:bf>kCԘ#RY,iv쵗~}n'"1u" *uO΄/2^Sxr(!/DD\~mJyZ!MmrA!#u[if|99WB WΡpp}w}sh#,\ &:%˳X?D3 %W0cC?o̲^} F3XLVn]Cߖiϧ!7}yZJ#P7]=)7Ρp;>> Ye^xx{Oafw{ ;>4gfLt ʊ:q%#r/)pv!O4wGh|dS ӣݽހ-gVUC'pBxrB^} 7JA^} /'8!`:r?}}],X  }6y!`/~Br?}Q< >k7vx"] ,' .3jn{-i}|~%-};b6#U)7繎kiEw 㤳:E}[޼c"rꬊ7Dc$~"/Y&zSd:tFȌCrʙ`7u .#[-<)j ?TGS(j~oTup(hjU4PlJ=}|it.ҽ@\wʨuXÞZcx18Wo<~ikOg,ވ\^?EneyZcc0[R١z|zv7_m:_n]a?osS3~j^ hD.a_X'KfBX6w wݶ"Oa:,bvhrWH[uCF-Xfc}>x+Rz)2N-B 7y^٨;[/vg? | |2Sve}=o䑰j[vWjF0{굦?VI~}xM(_TlG__+]:#к?S} c>GŸD7 !w{S{B =x7a?oE#)+Gz:o_4Q<;n?\tt7?mGCџQGu4kņOF>F?#} hP&ђߴM#u!.СtL2^#o nIk_i.~7tr@n 1P~3?.[]=S5b߮~Yo^HFH YBi8a4iom>CKgMy*;?zqEӕ` >zB9iFzC?XF?ޟIܰ펉A}{I5ᄊx%ez#Mp@rߎpi]IOVjzuJt\۰f׺u5><,J~PTJp1)}){9N {!`/> endstream endobj 12 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 13 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 197.0117 675.3895 357.3317 687.2695 ] >> endobj 13 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews) >> endobj 14 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 17 0 R 20 0 R 23 0 R 26 0 R ] /Contents 15 0 R >> endobj 15 0 obj << /Length 8397 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(published works, compiled by the two editors. The rest of the book is divided into three sections reflecting )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the broad areas of his research: ?Normandy and the Norman dynasty?, the ?Writing of history?, and finally, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(?Social and legal history?. The chronological range spans the foundation of Normandy, traditionally given as )] TJ ET BT 34.016 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(911, to the reception of ideas about the conquest of England in 1066 in the 13th century following the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 739.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(reintegration of the duchy into the kingdom of France. In terms of geography, many of the papers reflect, as )] TJ ET BT 34.016 725.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(is noted by the title, the changing nature of the relationship between Normandy and its neighbouring powers, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 710.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(England in particular, through the shifting political, social and economic context of three centuries.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 684.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(A real strength of the collection is the way that the contributors have not only opened up new areas of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 670.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(enquiry, but also responded to the challenges laid down by Bates?s coherent body of scholarship and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 656.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(reflected on some of its themes. Janet Nelson?s essay focusing on annalistic writing, which opens section )] TJ ET BT 34.016 641.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(one and looks back over three decades of historiography since Bates published )] TJ ET BT 414.608 641.909 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Normandy Before 1066)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 530.264 641.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(1\))] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 530.264 640.515 m 544.256 640.515 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 544.256 641.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 627.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(exemplifies this. In many respects this piece, notably in its use of archaeological material, is reminiscent of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 613.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Bates?s own article in the British Archaeological Association?s volume for Rouen published in 1993.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 521.300 613.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(2\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 521.300 612.003 m 535.292 612.003 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 535.292 613.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( She )] TJ ET BT 34.016 599.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(situates recent work in the framework that Bates set out in 1982 and also highlights some of the points that )] TJ ET BT 34.016 584.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(later scholarship has developed. She picks up in particular on the use of annalistic history for studying early )] TJ ET BT 34.016 570.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Normandy, stressing the need to use the near contemporary tenth-century Frankish evidence. Nelson goes on )] TJ ET BT 34.016 556.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(to consider the importance of marriage, analysed through a dissection of Dudo?s account of the alleged )] TJ ET BT 34.016 542.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(marriage of Rollo and Popa, before moving on to a consideration of the archaeological evidence for Rouen.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 515.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Several papers analyse the theme of cross-channel relationships \(political, social, economic and cultural\), )] TJ ET BT 34.016 501.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(which figure largely in Bates?s work. John Gillingham considers meetings between the kings of France and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 487.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(England using chronicle and charter evidence to assess their frequency and importance. He analyses two )] TJ ET BT 34.016 473.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(types of meeting ? those which occured on borders, and those where one ruler visited the other?s territories ? )] TJ ET BT 34.016 458.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(with reference to the changing political context alongside more anthropological/sociological concepts such )] TJ ET BT 34.016 444.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(as gesture, marriage and sense of place. He acknowledges the importance of continuity in the political )] TJ ET BT 34.016 430.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(relations between the kings of England and France, from the 11th century to the reign of Philip Augustus, as )] TJ ET BT 34.016 416.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(seen in Bates?s work. Gillingham takes a revised position, suggesting that the increase in meetings from the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 401.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(1150s onwards marked a significant change in relations; however he also notes that this apparent growth )] TJ ET BT 34.016 387.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(might simply reflect the survival of evidence. Matthew Strickland presents an analysis of Henry I and the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 373.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(battle of Brmule, styled the ?battle of the two kings?. This is one of the longer essays in the volume, in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 359.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(which the author considers the engagement in the wider context of warfare and battle in 12th-century )] TJ ET BT 34.016 344.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Normandy. As Strickland notes, the battle was one of the few occasions in the Middle Ages when two kings )] TJ ET BT 34.016 330.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(fought. The other remarkable feature is the small number of casualties on both sides. Strickland takes these )] TJ ET BT 34.016 316.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(two points and sets them into the broader framework of chivalry and kinship, notably as reflected in shared )] TJ ET BT 34.016 302.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(ties on either side of the channel.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 275.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Elisabeth van Houts continues the theme of cross-channel relationships in section three, by considering the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 261.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(role and extent of intermarriage in 11th-century England. Van Houts questions the central assumption of a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 247.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(great deal of historical writing on this topic, that exogamy after the conquest was common, particularly )] TJ ET BT 34.016 232.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(French men marrying English women. Not only does she look at marriages post-1066, but also seeks to give )] TJ ET BT 34.016 218.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the phenomenon a broader context by considering intermarriage after the Danish conquest of Cnut. By )] TJ ET BT 34.016 204.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(trawling Domesday Book and the Durham and Winchester )] TJ ET BT 318.632 204.485 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(libri vitae)] TJ ET BT 365.636 204.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( alongside narrative sources and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 190.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(chronicles, she has compiled a list of cases based on onomastic evidence of intermarriage in the 11th )] TJ ET BT 34.016 175.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(century, handily listed in an appendix to the article. Of course, there is a long list of caveats to take into )] TJ ET BT 34.016 161.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(consideration \(p. 241\) when handling such evidence, but van Houts has opened up the debate and the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 147.461 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(potential for much wider comparative research.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 121.205 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Throughout his career, Bates has considered the role of the aristocracy in Norman society and ties between )] TJ ET BT 34.016 106.949 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(noble families. His first published article was an analysis of the Norman aristocracy using Bishop Hugh of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 92.693 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Bayeux and the family of Herluin de Conteville as case studies.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 338.972 92.693 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(3\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 338.972 91.299 m 352.964 91.299 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 352.964 92.693 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( In section three, Veronique Gazeau, with )] TJ ET BT 34.016 78.437 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(whom Bates has worked closely and co-authored a further paper on Herluin )] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 400.592 78.437 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(4\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 400.592 77.043 m 414.584 77.043 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 414.584 78.437 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( uses charter evidence, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 64.181 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(particularly subscriptions, to examine the nature of the Norman aristocracy in the first half of the 11th )] TJ ET BT 34.016 49.925 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(century \(her paper is in French\). Her chosen example is Humphrey de Vieilles, ancestor of the Beaumont )] TJ ET endstream endobj 16 0 obj [14 0 R /Fit] endobj 17 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 18 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 530.2637 640.8295 544.2557 652.7095 ] >> endobj 18 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 19 0 obj [14 0 R /Fit] endobj 20 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 21 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 521.2997 612.3175 535.2917 624.1975 ] >> endobj 21 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 22 0 obj [14 0 R /Fit] endobj 23 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 24 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 338.9717 91.6135 352.9637 103.4935 ] >> endobj 24 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 25 0 obj [14 0 R /Fit] endobj 26 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 27 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 400.5917 77.3575 414.5837 89.2375 ] >> endobj 27 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 28 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Contents 29 0 R >> endobj 29 0 obj << /Length 7230 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(family which was the subject of David Crouch?s first book. As such the article responds, not only to Bates?s )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(work, but also that of his students.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 755.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The focus on the aristocracy in this volume is primarily on the activities and lives of women. Judith Green )] TJ ET BT 34.016 741.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(examines four duchesses of Normandy from the tenth to the 12th centuries: Gunnor, Matilda of Flanders, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 727.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Empress Matilda and Eleanor of Aquitaine. Green explores the genealogies and personal qualities of these )] TJ ET BT 34.016 713.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(four women through three important and interrelated themes: gender, female agency and representation of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 698.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the women by Norman historians. The significance of personality and socio-political context for how much )] TJ ET BT 34.016 684.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(power any one woman at any one time could exercise is emphasised, as well as women?s crucial role as )] TJ ET BT 34.016 670.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(continuators of aristocratic lineages. The careers of the duchesses reflect difference: following the death of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 656.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Duchess Matilda subsequent royal wives up to Eleanor of Aquitaine did not play a significant role in ruling )] TJ ET BT 34.016 641.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Normandy, which contrasted with their position in England.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 615.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Green also considers marriage as a means of forming political alliances and this theme is continued in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 601.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Kathleen Thompson?s discuss of Adelaide of Aumale, sister of William the Conqueror. Thompson places )] TJ ET BT 34.016 587.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Adelaide in the context of other marriages that forged political relations between England and Normandy. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 572.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Through her painstaking analysis of fragmentary evidence, Thompson uses the example of Adelaide to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 558.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(discuss the changing attitude of the Church to problems of consanguinity. Adelaide also acted as a crucial )] TJ ET BT 34.016 544.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(link between William?s cross-channel lands. Her role as a landholder in England was possibly much wider )] TJ ET BT 34.016 530.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(than historians have recognised until now. Picking up Thompson?s themes, Lindy Grant discusses Blanche )] TJ ET BT 34.016 515.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of Castille \(niece of King Richard I\) in relation to her natal and marital family, looking in detail at her role in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 501.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Normandy. This paper of course takes the reader beyond 1204 and the loss of Normandy to the French )] TJ ET BT 34.016 487.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(crown. Though Blanche has been characterised as ?in herself the guarantee of peace? \(p. 131\), she seems on )] TJ ET BT 34.016 473.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the face of it to have lacked the interest in Normandy of some of her illustrious predecessors with interests in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 458.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the duchy. Her interests after marriage were primarily those of her husband and son, both kings of France, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 444.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(rather than those of her natal family as in the case of Adelaide of Aumale. Grant instead poses the suggestion )] TJ ET BT 34.016 430.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(that Blanche fulfilled in Normandy a similar role to that of Empress Matilda in securing peace for the rule of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 416.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(her son.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 389.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The writing of history in the Middle Ages is another area of Norman history of interest to Bates, as seen )] TJ ET BT 34.016 375.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(through his work on the earliest historians of William the Conqueror. The three articles in section two )] TJ ET BT 34.016 361.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(address this theme through discussions of historical writing in England, France and Normandy. The first )] TJ ET BT 34.016 347.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(essay by Pauline Stafford examines the ?D? chronicle and its possible links to Archbishop Ealdred of York. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 332.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Through cross-comparison with other versions of the Anglo-Saxon Chronicle and historical writing, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 318.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Stafford?s analysis reflects the complexities of ?D?; how it developed and how it was affected by the events )] TJ ET BT 34.016 304.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of 1066. As she points out, the ideological framework of the chronicle is vital for understanding its link to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 290.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Ealdred. She posits the strong influence of Wulfstan II, Ealdred?s predecessor at Worcester and York, on the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 275.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(development of the text as Ealdred would have known it. With its emphasis on an England ruled from the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 261.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(south and its criticism of previous archbishops? dealings with the Vikings, the content would have )] TJ ET BT 34.016 247.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(undoubtedly had a strong influence on Ealdred?s attempts to negotiate the politics of the Norman Conquest. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 232.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(He was, after all, the man who consecrated William as king in 1066 and thus helped pave the way for the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 218.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(legitimisation of the conquest.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 192.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Pierre Bauduin?s contribution \(written in French\) considers the work of Hugues de Fleury as a source for )] TJ ET BT 34.016 178.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Norman history. Fleury had strong connections with England through various spiritual networks, but )] TJ ET BT 34.016 163.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Bauduin suggests in his conclusion that this chronicle should possibly be seen as a Franco-Norman history, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 149.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(rather than an Anglo-Norman one. Hughes was writing from outside the duchy looking in and seeking to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 135.461 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(understand how Normandy could be integrated into the French kingdom. As such he picks up on themes )] TJ ET BT 34.016 121.205 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(identified in Stafford?s paper that reflect the relationship between people, place and historical writing. David )] TJ ET BT 34.016 106.949 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Crouch turns his attention to the )] TJ ET BT 191.348 106.949 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Roman de Franceis)] TJ ET BT 285.332 106.949 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, a vernacular poem written by Andrew de Coutances. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 92.693 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Not only does he set his discussion within the context of Anglo-Norman history writing and the problem of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 78.437 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Norman indentity\(ies\), but also provides the reader with the text and a translation of the poem.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 52.181 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The three remaining papers focus on social and legal history. Mathieu Arnoux?s contribution focuses on a )] TJ ET endstream endobj 30 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 32 0 R 34 0 R 36 0 R 38 0 R 40 0 R ] /Contents 31 0 R >> endobj 31 0 obj << /Length 8027 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(group of people much neglected in Norman historiography, the peasants. This paper comprises an )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(investigation of the )] TJ ET BT 129.680 782.213 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(laboratores)] TJ ET BT 185.684 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( in the context of the three orders and the related historiography. Arnoux )] TJ ET BT 34.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(draws on St Augustine?s theory of work and the effect of Gregorian reform to analyse the fear of revolt )] TJ ET BT 34.016 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(among the peasants on the part of the knights and clerics. As he points out, our knowledge of the intellectual )] TJ ET BT 34.016 739.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(context of the three orders outstrips that of the economic aspects of the relationship for Normandy and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 725.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(England during the central Middle Ages and it is here that there is the potential for greater scholarly enquiry. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 710.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(John Hudson takes the reader back across the channel in his consideration of the execution of Earl Waltheof, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 696.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the last surviving English earl who was implicated in the rebellion of 1075, in relation to the ?idea of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 682.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(personal law?. Hudson discusses the differences between English and Norman laws regarding treason, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 668.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(looking for an explanation of Waltheof?s execution as described by Orderic Vitalis. As he notes, Orderic?s )] TJ ET BT 34.016 653.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(account is not trustworthy in terms of the specifics, but serves to stress the exceptional nature of the case. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 639.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(What emerges in this article is an emphasis not on personal law in the years immediately following the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 625.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(conquest, but the important of political decisions in determining the fate of rebels.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 599.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The final contribution in this collection is by Nicholas Vincent. The title of the essay ?More tales of the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 584.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Conquest? is a deliberate echo of J. H. Round?s 1910 article ?Tales of the Conquest? and he uses links )] TJ ET BT 34.016 570.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(between the work of Round and Bates ? an exploration of Normandy, an emphasis on local detail and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 556.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(diplomatic, and the editing of charters ? to discuss attitudes towards the Norman take over in 1066. Vincent )] TJ ET BT 34.016 542.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(discusses a 13th-century deposition record, through which Round had tracked the descent of the Sackville )] TJ ET BT 34.016 527.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(family, and considers its presentation of 11th-century events. Whereas Round used it to trace genealogies, he )] TJ ET BT 34.016 513.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(actually missed a great deal more in terms of the uses to which charters were put and the nature of forgeries )] TJ ET BT 34.016 499.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(as evidence. Above all the document demonstrates the disruption caused by the Conquest in terms of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 485.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(landholding: ?there could be no licence for claims that leapt backwards across the great gulf of 1066 to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 470.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(?English? [. . .] charters or tenures? \(p. 299\). The article is also remarkable for its descriptions of Round, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 456.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(?the nastiest of polemicists, his clipped moustaches the twitching antennae of his pugnaciousness? \(p. 271\), )] TJ ET BT 34.016 442.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(contrasted with the more irenic qualities of Bates.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 416.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(This review could be twice as long and not fully examine all the themes present in this volume ? for )] TJ ET BT 34.016 401.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(example, the nature and problems of medieval sources are points that all the contributors deal with at some )] TJ ET BT 34.016 387.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(level ? and this perhaps demonstrates the need for a more substantial introduction. The purpose of a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 373.301 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(festschrift )] TJ ET BT 84.356 373.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(is to honour its recipient, but many of the articles here will be useful to non-Norman specialists )] TJ ET BT 34.016 359.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(seeking comparative material. More of a sense of context for the work contained therein would help. As with )] TJ ET BT 34.016 344.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(all edited collections, the contents might have been organised differently. The arrangement of the papers in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 330.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(each section in rough chronological order, although logical, does result in some awkward sequencing, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 316.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(notably the placing of Strickland?s article on warfare in amongst the contributions on the lives, roles and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 302.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(sources relating to aristocratic women, when it might have been better paired with Gillingham?s )] TJ ET BT 34.016 287.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(consideration of meetings between the kings of France and England. The more subtle links between papers )] TJ ET BT 34.016 273.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(in the volume and Bates?s own work are thus more implicit than they need be. These minor caveats aside, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 259.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(this is a fascinating collection of essays that revisits familiar assumptions, poses new challenges, particularly )] TJ ET BT 34.016 244.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(in the study of marriage and the peasantry, and above all, reflects the vitality and coherence of the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 230.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(honorand?s own research.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 195.843 Td /F3 18.0 Tf [(Notes)] TJ ET BT 48.816 165.226 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(1.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 165.221 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(D. Bates, )] TJ ET BT 111.344 165.221 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Normandy Before 1066)] TJ ET BT 224.000 165.221 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(London, 1982\).)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 305.324 165.221 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(1\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 305.324 163.827 m 359.312 163.827 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 48.816 150.970 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(2.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 150.965 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(D. Bates, ?Rouen from 900?1204: from Scandinavian settlement to Angevin ?Capital?? in )] TJ ET BT 64.016 136.709 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Medieval Art, Architecture and Archaeology at Rouen)] TJ ET BT 324.308 136.709 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, ed. J. Stratford \(London, 1993\), pp. 1?11.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 529.616 136.709 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back )] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 529.616 135.315 m 557.276 135.315 l S BT 64.016 122.453 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(to \(12\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 64.016 121.059 m 96.344 121.059 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 48.816 108.202 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(3.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 108.197 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(D. Bates, ?Notes sur l?aristocratie Normande: I Hughes vque de Bayeux \(1011?env.1049\); II )] TJ ET BT 64.016 93.941 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Herluin de Conteville et sa famille?, )] TJ ET BT 240.992 93.941 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Annales de Normandie)] TJ ET BT 350.984 93.941 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, 23 \(1973\), 5?38.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 436.304 93.941 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(3\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 436.304 92.547 m 490.292 92.547 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 48.816 79.690 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(4.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 79.685 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(D. Bates and V. Gazeau, ?L?Abbaye de Grestain et la famille d?Herluin de Conteville?, )] TJ ET BT 488.576 79.685 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Annales de )] TJ ET BT 64.016 65.429 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Normandie)] TJ ET BT 118.016 65.429 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, 40 \(1990\), 5?30.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 203.336 65.429 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(4\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 203.336 64.035 m 257.324 64.035 l S endstream endobj 32 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 33 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 305.3237 164.1415 359.3117 176.0215 ] >> endobj 33 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /GoTo /D 16 0 R >> endobj 34 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 35 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 529.6157 135.6295 557.2757 147.5095 ] >> endobj 35 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /GoTo /D 19 0 R >> endobj 36 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 37 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 64.0157 121.3735 96.3437 133.2535 ] >> endobj 37 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /GoTo /D 19 0 R >> endobj 38 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 39 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 436.3037 92.8615 490.2917 104.7415 ] >> endobj 39 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /GoTo /D 22 0 R >> endobj 40 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 41 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 203.3357 64.3495 257.3237 76.2295 ] >> endobj 41 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /GoTo /D 25 0 R >> endobj 42 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 44 0 R ] /Contents 43 0 R >> endobj 43 0 obj << /Length 690 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 784.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The editors are happy to accept this review and do not wish to comment on it.)] TJ ET 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.391 767.743 526.499 1.500 re S BT 34.016 749.963 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Source URL:)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 104.672 749.963 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/review/1310)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 104.672 748.569 m 328.316 748.569 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 723.592 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Links:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 709.192 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([1] http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/item/30653)] TJ ET endstream endobj 44 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 45 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 104.6717 748.8835 328.3157 760.7635 ] >> endobj 45 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/review/1310) >> endobj xref 0 46 0000000000 65535 f 0000000008 00000 n 0000000073 00000 n 0000000119 00000 n 0000000349 00000 n 0000000386 00000 n 0000000571 00000 n 0000000653 00000 n 0000004835 00000 n 0000004944 00000 n 0000005054 00000 n 0000005163 00000 n 0000008724 00000 n 0000008852 00000 n 0000008936 00000 n 0000009041 00000 n 0000017491 00000 n 0000017521 00000 n 0000017649 00000 n 0000017685 00000 n 0000017715 00000 n 0000017843 00000 n 0000017879 00000 n 0000017909 00000 n 0000018036 00000 n 0000018072 00000 n 0000018102 00000 n 0000018228 00000 n 0000018264 00000 n 0000018329 00000 n 0000025612 00000 n 0000025724 00000 n 0000033804 00000 n 0000033932 00000 n 0000033987 00000 n 0000034115 00000 n 0000034170 00000 n 0000034296 00000 n 0000034351 00000 n 0000034478 00000 n 0000034533 00000 n 0000034659 00000 n 0000034714 00000 n 0000034798 00000 n 0000035540 00000 n 0000035668 00000 n trailer << /Size 46 /Root 1 0 R /Info 5 0 R >> startxref 35764 %%EOF