%PDF-1.3 1 0 obj << /Type /Catalog /Outlines 2 0 R /Pages 3 0 R >> endobj 2 0 obj << /Type /Outlines /Count 0 >> endobj 3 0 obj << /Type /Pages /Kids [6 0 R 14 0 R 16 0 R 21 0 R ] /Count 4 /Resources << /ProcSet 4 0 R /Font << /F1 8 0 R /F2 9 0 R /F3 10 0 R >> /XObject << /I1 11 0 R >> >> /MediaBox [0.000 0.000 595.280 841.890] >> endobj 4 0 obj [/PDF /Text /ImageC ] endobj 5 0 obj << /Creator (DOMPDF) /CreationDate (D:20140828183122+01'00') /ModDate (D:20140828183122+01'00') /Title (The Fifteenth-Century Inquisitions Post Mortem: A Companion) >> endobj 6 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 12 0 R ] /Contents 7 0 R >> endobj 7 0 obj << /Length 4152 >> stream q 381.750 0 0 120.000 34.016 687.874 cm /I1 Do Q 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Published on )] TJ ET BT 99.356 676.469 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Reviews in History)] TJ ET BT 190.016 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \()] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 197.012 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 197.012 675.075 m 357.332 675.075 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 357.332 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\))] TJ ET 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.391 653.743 526.499 1.500 re S BT 34.016 615.321 Td /F3 18.0 Tf [(The Fifteenth-Century Inquisitions Post Mortem: A Companion)] TJ ET BT 34.016 287.579 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Historians have great cause to be grateful to the precocious bureaucrats of medieval England, whose records )] TJ ET BT 34.016 273.323 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(they have exploited to shed light on so many aspects of the past. They should be equally thankful for the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 259.067 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(generations of scholars who have produced printed calendars of such records since the foundation of the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 244.811 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Record Commission in 1800. Calendars of different series have proceeded at different speeds, and the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 230.555 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Inquisitions Post Mortem, recording the lands held at their death by the tenants-in-chief of the crown, have )] TJ ET BT 34.016 216.299 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(been among the most useful but the least smooth in sequence of publication. Early Record Commission )] TJ ET BT 34.016 202.043 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(volumes dealt with inquisitions from Henry III to Richard III, but were more a catalogue of landholders and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 187.787 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(places than a true calendar; documents from 1236 to 1422 were then calendared in detail by the Public )] TJ ET BT 34.016 173.531 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Record Office, as were those for 1485?1509, leaving a large gap. The series was revived after 1999 by a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 159.275 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(project funded by the Arts and Humanities Research Council which calendared the inquisitions for 1422?47 )] TJ ET BT 34.016 145.019 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(before its funding lapsed. The later Lancastrian and Yorkist years remain as yet uncovered, though plans are )] TJ ET BT 34.016 130.763 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(clearly afoot for further funding bids to fill the gap.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 104.507 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The volume under review draws together studies by many of those involved in the compilation of the recent )] TJ ET BT 34.016 90.251 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(calendars and other scholars to reflect on the inquisitions and how they can best be used. Michael Hicks )] TJ ET BT 34.016 75.995 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(begins by explaining the purpose of inquisitions, the process of their creation and their relationship to the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 61.739 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(system of land tenure, livery and wardship. He then examines the ways in which different generations of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 584.699 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Review Number:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 570.443 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(1314)] TJ ET BT 34.016 556.187 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publish date:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 541.931 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Thursday, 6 September, 2012)] TJ ET BT 34.016 527.675 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Editor:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 513.419 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Michael Hicks)] TJ ET BT 34.016 499.163 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(ISBN:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 484.907 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(9781843837121)] TJ ET BT 34.016 470.651 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Date of Publication:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 456.395 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(2012)] TJ ET BT 34.016 442.139 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Price:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 427.883 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(50.00)] TJ ET BT 34.016 413.627 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Pages:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 399.371 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(272pp.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 385.115 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publisher:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 370.859 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Boydell and Brewer)] TJ ET BT 34.016 356.603 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Place of Publication:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 342.347 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Woodbridge)] TJ ET BT 34.016 328.091 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Reviewer:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 313.835 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Steven Gunn)] TJ ET endstream endobj 8 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F1 /BaseFont /Times-Roman /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 9 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F2 /BaseFont /Times-Italic /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 10 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F3 /BaseFont /Times-Bold /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 11 0 obj << /Type /XObject /Subtype /Image /Width 509 /Height 160 /Filter /FlateDecode /DecodeParms << /Predictor 15 /Colors 3 /Columns 509 /BitsPerComponent 8>> /Mask [ 255 255 255 255 255 255 ] /ColorSpace /DeviceRGB /BitsPerComponent 8 /Length 3280>> stream x[EQ㎦fVttҒ +3O{?lGDQԯDrB^.ϯ%~'0۠/2>0AG_>0j0GCfE67>rB^}@  !&y+r?INp:erc b8f=rQC!~-Wf^^zF[)G 2ޯe7V_Go3Ke GEGOo8rώ#\1ZY~N6^H}yLxS-!:412V+u\-LSO?xVvZ|GjǮT_8EYJF=Tw^ 7GxfN/S:Ʌ~ʟtt?5n÷J'JcF-GVξx{rO~tJd;#a\7}|~y'>}c2C vR}f׈**h.)_&@pfzjsx:5;S\vKhM5j=!Cn+h"u]a EUN]jn=k<,:Ք>sU!ni~6EJ)¦72?G}[y}_vc$t?iSܟ2Zݞ,VN?_`='RFK1A2qv&X_lLRWY'%:I㢖zb_UEx\>&ɆBˏ~K@ \gYØU4}$8Dv!'Q'*+Εj(UCGo[#< 2Ja(sZi9fZKE Rn`u\9r^Zmɯ׹}mstO4uc~#'jEvۼ Dx[z ޏQ4KL5,5u3>i^uÒ-53ba ~,~/pyt1fMU'CVm:qv~=Y'Es"WsφG?l_kN5}],Ow7 uh`xƫ?zMl7ٻv$A(4Dl(wwH} ?=[=S;yC]^BK>㕪9`Z'Wj;E|:bf>kCԘ#RY,iv쵗~}n'"1u" *uO΄/2^Sxr(!/DD\~mJyZ!MmrA!#u[if|99WB WΡpp}w}sh#,\ &:%˳X?D3 %W0cC?o̲^} F3XLVn]Cߖiϧ!7}yZJ#P7]=)7Ρp;>> Ye^xx{Oafw{ ;>4gfLt ʊ:q%#r/)pv!O4wGh|dS ӣݽހ-gVUC'pBxrB^} 7JA^} /'8!`:r?}}],X  }6y!`/~Br?}Q< >k7vx"] ,' .3jn{-i}|~%-};b6#U)7繎kiEw 㤳:E}[޼c"rꬊ7Dc$~"/Y&zSd:tFȌCrʙ`7u .#[-<)j ?TGS(j~oTup(hjU4PlJ=}|it.ҽ@\wʨuXÞZcx18Wo<~ikOg,ވ\^?EneyZcc0[R١z|zv7_m:_n]a?osS3~j^ hD.a_X'KfBX6w wݶ"Oa:,bvhrWH[uCF-Xfc}>x+Rz)2N-B 7y^٨;[/vg? | |2Sve}=o䑰j[vWjF0{굦?VI~}xM(_TlG__+]:#к?S} c>GŸD7 !w{S{B =x7a?oE#)+Gz:o_4Q<;n?\tt7?mGCџQGu4kņOF>F?#} hP&ђߴM#u!.СtL2^#o nIk_i.~7tr@n 1P~3?.[]=S5b߮~Yo^HFH YBi8a4iom>CKgMy*;?zqEӕ` >zB9iFzC?XF?ޟIܰ펉A}{I5ᄊx%ez#Mp@rߎpi]IOVjzuJt\۰f׺u5><,J~PTJp1)}){9N {!`/> endstream endobj 12 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 13 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 197.0117 675.3895 357.3317 687.2695 ] >> endobj 13 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews) >> endobj 14 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Contents 15 0 R >> endobj 15 0 obj << /Length 7772 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(historians have deployed them. At first they served mainly to chart the descent of landowning families and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the ownership of properties, forming a mainstay of the manorial histories in the )] TJ ET BT 417.968 782.213 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Victoria County History)] TJ ET BT 533.972 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Then they were taken up by those studying the political articulation of local society in the wake of K. B. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(McFarlane and finally by historians of the economy and the non-landed classes.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 727.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(In his second contribution, the editor shows how inquisition evidence can be used to tackle a set of questions )] TJ ET BT 34.016 713.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(about landholding amongst the nobility and gentry. The use of jointure and dower, he demonstrates, was less )] TJ ET BT 34.016 698.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(formulaic than is often suggested, more open to negotiation that suited the interests of widow and heir alike. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 684.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(A widow?s right to one-third of each element of an inheritance, potentially awkward to exercise, might be )] TJ ET BT 34.016 670.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(traded for a straightforward annuity or a cosily compact package of estates. Widowers? rights by courtesy of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 656.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(England might equally be bargained away for cash. Similar strategic issues are tackled by Kate Parkin in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 641.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(examining the treatment of idiots. Families engaged with the administrative process to conceal the deaths of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 627.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(those whose heirs might be adjudged mentally incapable of managing their estates, to launch bids for the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 613.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(lands of relatives who might be so adjudged, or to divert such lands into the hands of feoffees to avoid )] TJ ET BT 34.016 599.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(confiscation. Yet their aim was often delay rather than outright escape, for inquisitions needed to be held )] TJ ET BT 34.016 584.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(periodically to register the family?s succession to the land. An inquisition that declared the tenure of an )] TJ ET BT 34.016 570.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(incompetent heir, but did so years late, might mean a back payment of rent at manageably low official rates )] TJ ET BT 34.016 556.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(rather than the grant of a wardship to a dangerously rapacious courtier; any modern tax lawyer, one feels, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 542.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(might give advice in the same spirit.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 515.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Two chapters review the use of inquisitions to tackle wide issues in social history. Christine Carpenter )] TJ ET BT 34.016 501.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(shows how those studying the gentry can now use the long series of calendared returns not just to reconstruct )] TJ ET BT 34.016 487.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the careers, connections and landed estates of individuals, but also to explore changing patterns of land-)] TJ ET BT 34.016 473.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(holding, property settlement and estate management. She concentrates above all on the returns for 1422?7, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 458.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(but can still show how such matters varied across the spectrum of gentle society. Knights tended to hold not )] TJ ET BT 34.016 444.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(only more and more widespread manors than the lesser gentry, but also larger manors with proportionately )] TJ ET BT 34.016 430.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(bigger demesnes, more villeins and more powerful manorial courts. Lesser gentry, she reminds us, often held )] TJ ET BT 34.016 416.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(not directly from the crown but from other lords, yet their estates nonetheless appear in the inquisitions, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 401.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(albeit more erratically, because they were returned if their lord?s lands happened to be in the king?s hands )] TJ ET BT 34.016 387.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(through wardship or confiscation. Her conclusions on estate management and property settlements are more )] TJ ET BT 34.016 373.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(tentative, though she finds interesting evidence on the exploitation of woodland and some suggestive )] TJ ET BT 34.016 359.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(examples of entails and enfeoffments to use. Christopher Dyer, while admitting that the 15th-century )] TJ ET BT 34.016 344.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(inquisitions are of less obvious use to the economic and social historian than those returned before the Black )] TJ ET BT 34.016 330.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Death, with their much fuller descriptions of the resources of the manorial economy, shows what can )] TJ ET BT 34.016 316.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(nevertheless be deduced from them and is all the more valuable at a period when manorial and tax )] TJ ET BT 34.016 302.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(documents are less eloquent than in preceding decades. They document the spread of demesne leasing and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 287.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(increase of pastoral farming, while showing regional variations due to such factors as Scottish raids or the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 273.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(peculiarities of forest economies. They can contribute to the story of village desertion. They shed light on )] TJ ET BT 34.016 259.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(buildings, from peasant tenements through manor houses to castles. Perhaps most surprisingly, they convey )] TJ ET BT 34.016 244.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(a range of information about towns, their size, market facilities and administrative functions, and about the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 230.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(fortunes and investments of individual merchants.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 204.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Two chapters by contributors closely involved in research for the recent calendars shed light on the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 190.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(processes that generated the inquisition returns. Claire Noble examines the wide range of writs associated )] TJ ET BT 34.016 175.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(with the taking of inquisitions, from the standard )] TJ ET BT 271.676 175.973 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(diem clausit extremum)] TJ ET BT 380.324 175.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, issued to signal the death of a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 161.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(tenant-in-chief and initiate the enquiry process, to the exotic )] TJ ET BT 325.964 161.717 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(quia habitum religionis assumpsit)] TJ ET BT 488.984 161.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, for use when )] TJ ET BT 34.016 147.461 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(an heiress turned out to be have become a nun. She provides evidence that the machinery was generally set )] TJ ET BT 34.016 133.205 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(in motion by heirs, keen to get on with proving their title and securing their inheritance. Bureaucracy moved )] TJ ET BT 34.016 118.949 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(reasonably fast in the issue of initial writs and the return of inquisitions once taken, but the gap between the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 104.693 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(issue of the first writ and the holding of an inquisition could be much more elastic. Some of the explanation )] TJ ET BT 34.016 90.437 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(for this, in the challenges of assembling juries and the inconvenience of serving on them, can be found in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 76.181 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Matthew Holford?s impressive analysis of the jurors who attested to the findings of each inquisition. The )] TJ ET BT 34.016 61.925 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(inclusion of their names is one of the innovations of the most recent series of calendars and is a boon to )] TJ ET endstream endobj 16 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 19 0 R ] /Contents 17 0 R >> endobj 17 0 obj << /Length 7616 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(those interested in popular politics and the engagement with government of those below the level of the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(gentry. Jurors, he shows, were genuinely local men who might have been expected to know something about )] TJ ET BT 34.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the lands under investigation; sometimes they clearly were provided with pre-packaged information, but at )] TJ ET BT 34.016 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(other times they could be feistily independent-minded in their verdicts. A few gentlemen and esquires )] TJ ET BT 34.016 739.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(served, but the majority were drawn from ?the more prosperous middling ranks of rural and urban society? )] TJ ET BT 34.016 725.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(p. 214\). They were the sort of men who served as officers at the level of manor, parish and hundred. He )] TJ ET BT 34.016 710.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(draws parallels with the work of Beat Kmin and Katherine French on their role in parochial life and that of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 696.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Edward Powell and R. B. Goheen on criminal trial juries, but not with that of Marjorie McIntosh and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 682.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Shannon McSheffrey on moral regulation and social control, in which they again played a large part.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 517.592 682.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(1\))] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 517.592 681.027 m 531.584 681.027 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 668.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Some were clearly notable characters ? John Lyford, soldier, alias ?John with the Iren honde? sticks out ? )] TJ ET BT 34.016 653.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(but most served in inquisition juries only once or twice, so while the individual burden was not great, the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 639.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(collective familiarity of the middling sort with the business of royal government was not to be under-)] TJ ET BT 34.016 625.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(estimated.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 599.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Three contributions compare the evidence supplied by the inquisitions with that available from other )] TJ ET BT 34.016 584.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(sources. Margaret Yates shows that the feet of fines for Berkshire, while more numerous than the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 570.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(inquisitions and describing a wider range of types of estate, show the same trend of a rise in pastoral farming )] TJ ET BT 34.016 556.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(at the expense of arable between the early 14th and early 15th century. The finer discrimination available )] TJ ET BT 34.016 542.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(from the fines also suggests distinctions among the four different agricultural zones of the county in their )] TJ ET BT 34.016 527.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(reactions to changing circumstances. Matthew Holford sets the gross valuations and detailed extents of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 513.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(estates alongside estate records to show that while they erred on the side of caution, they did not under-value )] TJ ET BT 34.016 499.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(estates so much as to be fraudulent or useless. L. R. Poos, J. Oeppen and R. M. Smith revisit Josiah )] TJ ET BT 34.016 485.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Russell?s pioneering attempts to use the inquisitions? data on the age of heirs at succession and the dates of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 470.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(death of tenants-in-chief to examine the demography of the landed classes. Adding in evidence from outside )] TJ ET BT 34.016 456.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the inquisitions to show when heirs survived longer than would otherwise be known and deploying modern )] TJ ET BT 34.016 442.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(techniques for dealing with incomplete demographic data, they conclude that Russell under-estimated the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 428.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(life expectancy of landholders by some 25 per cent. This gives rates for most of the later Middle Ages )] TJ ET BT 34.016 413.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(similar to those found for monks by John Hatcher, Barbara Harvey and others and also similar to those )] TJ ET BT 34.016 399.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(found among early modern populations once parish registers commenced. What it leaves open is the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 385.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(question why life expectancy went markedly down from around 1460 for tenants-in-chief and monks alike. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 371.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Re-working Russell?s figures on the seasonality of death also yields interesting results, showing that only )] TJ ET BT 34.016 356.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the dire epidemic years of 1348?9, 1361, 1369 and 1375 were marked by the classic plague pattern of a July-)] TJ ET BT 34.016 342.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(October peak, while other parts of the period were closer to the pre-plague and early modern norm.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 316.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Finally, two chapters reflect on the history of the calendaring project and its strategic choices. Sean )] TJ ET BT 34.016 302.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Cunningham shows how the great age of calendaring flourished under Sir Henry Maxwell Lyte, deputy )] TJ ET BT 34.016 287.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(keeper of the public records from 1886 to 1926, only for production to slow from the 1930s to the 1980s as )] TJ ET BT 34.016 273.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the Public Record Office?s efforts turned to sorting and cataloguing records instead. He uses the comments )] TJ ET BT 34.016 259.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of successive generations of reviewers of the published calendars, from Round and Pollard, through Ross, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 244.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Hurstfield, Hilton and Miller, to Harriss and Given-Wilson, to show what the strengths and weaknesses of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 230.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(editorial policies were thought to be as the requirements and interests of historians changed. Oliver Padel )] TJ ET BT 34.016 216.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(questions one such policy followed since the 1970s, that of giving place-names in what, in the editors? best )] TJ ET BT 34.016 202.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(guess, is thought to be their modern form, rather than in the original form as found in the document. \(All the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 187.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(variant original spellings are gathered in the index under the modern name, but without indication of which )] TJ ET BT 34.016 173.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(document contains which version\). Not only does it enshrine misidentifications, of which he cites some )] TJ ET BT 34.016 159.461 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Cornish examples, but it forces those interested in the development of place-names back to the original )] TJ ET BT 34.016 145.205 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(documents, thus making the calendar little more than an index to the originals.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 118.949 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(As a whole the volume illustrates very successfully the wide-ranging historical value of the inquisitions and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 104.693 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the benefits of their availability in calendared form. Several contributors call for the gap between 1447 and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 90.437 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(1485 to be closed by a new wave of calendars and it is to be hoped this will prove possible. The lacuna is )] TJ ET BT 34.016 76.181 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(particularly unfortunate, since it makes it hard to set in context the early Tudor politicisation of the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 61.925 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(inquisition process, as the sinews of the land-holding system were strained to increase royal income and )] TJ ET endstream endobj 18 0 obj [16 0 R /Fit] endobj 19 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 20 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 517.5917 681.3415 531.5837 693.2215 ] >> endobj 20 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 21 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 24 0 R 26 0 R 28 0 R 30 0 R ] /Contents 22 0 R >> endobj 22 0 obj << /Length 4788 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(political control. Matthew Holford shows in one of his chapters that the number of detailed extents )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(accompanying inquisitions increased sharply in the later years of Henry V, apparently as the crown pressed )] TJ ET BT 34.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(for income to fund the French war and hoped to find it in fines for unlicensed alienations. Much more was )] TJ ET BT 34.016 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(afoot in the later years of Henry VII. Lawyers in the crown?s service were vigorously pushing forward the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 739.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(king?s rights over his tenants-in-chef. The king?s councillors were actively managing the taking of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 725.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(inquisitions and, one suspects, massaging the results. Councillors oversaw the return of inquisitions to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 710.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Exchequer and Chancery whose verdicts had sometimes been found by juries consisting of their own )] TJ ET BT 34.016 696.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(retainers; the findings of a number of such inquisitions were traversed by those wronged by them and after )] TJ ET BT 34.016 682.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(1509 the duke of Buckingham, for one, complained of an inquisition from ?the time of King Henry VII, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 668.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(when no one could have justice?.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 193.316 668.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(2\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 193.316 666.771 m 207.308 666.771 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 207.308 668.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( The story of the 15th-century inquisitions post mortem has a dramatic )] TJ ET BT 34.016 653.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(ending, and only further calendaring and study of the sort celebrated and exemplified by the contributors to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 639.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(this volume will enable that story to be properly told.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 604.755 Td /F3 18.0 Tf [(Notes)] TJ ET BT 48.816 574.138 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(1.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 574.133 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Marjorie McIntosh, )] TJ ET BT 161.000 574.133 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Controlling Misbehavior in England, 1370?1600)] TJ ET BT 396.680 574.133 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(Cambridge, 1998\); Shannon )] TJ ET BT 64.016 559.877 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(McSheffrey, ?Jurors, respectable masculinity, and Christian morality: a comment on Marjorie )] TJ ET BT 64.016 545.621 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(McIntosh's Controlling Misbehavior?, )] TJ ET BT 250.172 545.621 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Journal of British Studies)] TJ ET BT 373.184 545.621 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, 37 \(1998\), 269?78.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 470.504 545.621 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(1\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 470.504 544.227 m 524.492 544.227 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 48.816 531.370 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(2.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 531.365 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Margaret McGlynn, )] TJ ET BT 162.992 531.365 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The Royal Prerogative and the Learning of the Inns of Court)] TJ ET BT 454.988 531.365 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(Cambridge, 2003\); )] TJ ET BT 64.016 517.109 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Steven Gunn, ??New men? and ?new monarchy? in England, 1485-1524?, in )] TJ ET BT 436.604 517.109 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Powerbrokers in the )] TJ ET BT 64.016 502.853 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Late Middle Ages)] TJ ET BT 148.676 502.853 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, ed. Robert Stein \(Turnhout, 2001\), pp. 156, 162; G. R. Elton, ?Henry VII: a )] TJ ET BT 64.016 488.597 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(restatement?, in his )] TJ ET BT 160.004 488.597 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Studies in Tudor and Stuart Politics and Government)] TJ ET BT 415.676 488.597 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(4 vols, Cambridge, )] TJ ET BT 64.016 474.341 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(1974?92\), i, pp. 73?6; )] TJ ET BT 172.340 474.341 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Reports of Cases by John Caryll)] TJ ET BT 328.004 474.341 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, ed. J. H. Baker \(2 vols, London, 1999?2000\), )] TJ ET BT 64.016 460.085 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(ii, p. 652.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 109.688 460.085 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(2\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 109.688 458.691 m 163.676 458.691 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 433.829 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The author is happy to accept this review and does not wish to comment further.)] TJ ET 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.391 417.103 526.499 1.500 re S BT 34.016 399.323 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Source URL:)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 104.672 399.323 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/review/1314)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 104.672 397.929 m 328.316 397.929 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 372.952 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Links:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 358.552 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([1] http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/item/31487)] TJ ET endstream endobj 23 0 obj [21 0 R /Fit] endobj 24 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 25 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 193.3157 667.0855 207.3077 678.9655 ] >> endobj 25 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 26 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 27 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 470.5037 544.5415 524.4917 556.4215 ] >> endobj 27 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /GoTo /D 18 0 R >> endobj 28 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 29 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 109.6877 459.0055 163.6757 470.8855 ] >> endobj 29 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /GoTo /D 23 0 R >> endobj 30 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 31 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 104.6717 398.2435 328.3157 410.1235 ] >> endobj 31 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/review/1314) >> endobj xref 0 32 0000000000 65535 f 0000000008 00000 n 0000000073 00000 n 0000000119 00000 n 0000000342 00000 n 0000000379 00000 n 0000000562 00000 n 0000000644 00000 n 0000004848 00000 n 0000004957 00000 n 0000005067 00000 n 0000005176 00000 n 0000008737 00000 n 0000008865 00000 n 0000008949 00000 n 0000009014 00000 n 0000016839 00000 n 0000016923 00000 n 0000024592 00000 n 0000024622 00000 n 0000024750 00000 n 0000024786 00000 n 0000024891 00000 n 0000029732 00000 n 0000029762 00000 n 0000029890 00000 n 0000029926 00000 n 0000030054 00000 n 0000030109 00000 n 0000030237 00000 n 0000030292 00000 n 0000030420 00000 n trailer << /Size 32 /Root 1 0 R /Info 5 0 R >> startxref 30516 %%EOF