%PDF-1.3 1 0 obj << /Type /Catalog /Outlines 2 0 R /Pages 3 0 R >> endobj 2 0 obj << /Type /Outlines /Count 0 >> endobj 3 0 obj << /Type /Pages /Kids [6 0 R 18 0 R 22 0 R 30 0 R ] /Count 4 /Resources << /ProcSet 4 0 R /Font << /F1 8 0 R /F2 9 0 R /F3 10 0 R >> /XObject << /I1 11 0 R >> >> /MediaBox [0.000 0.000 595.280 841.890] >> endobj 4 0 obj [/PDF /Text /ImageC ] endobj 5 0 obj << /Creator (DOMPDF) /CreationDate (D:20150730100221+01'00') /ModDate (D:20150730100221+01'00') /Title (Cultures of Knowledge: An Intellectual Geography of the Seventeenth-Century Republic of Letters) >> endobj 6 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 12 0 R 14 0 R 16 0 R ] /Contents 7 0 R >> endobj 7 0 obj << /Length 5112 >> stream q 381.750 0 0 120.000 34.016 687.874 cm /I1 Do Q 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Published on )] TJ ET BT 99.356 676.469 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Reviews in History)] TJ ET BT 190.016 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \()] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 197.012 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 197.012 675.075 m 357.332 675.075 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 357.332 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\))] TJ ET 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.391 653.743 526.499 1.500 re S BT 34.016 615.321 Td /F3 18.0 Tf [(Cultures of Knowledge: An Intellectual Geography of the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 593.937 Td /F3 18.0 Tf [(Seventeenth-Century Republic of Letters)] TJ ET BT 34.016 323.219 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Network studies are fashionable today, both in the sciences and in the humanities, witness the ever-)] TJ ET BT 34.016 308.963 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(increasing research grants, books, articles, and calls for papers about knowledge exchange that circulate )] TJ ET BT 34.016 294.707 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(globally. Scientists working in artificial intelligence, engineering, statistics, and computational linguistics )] TJ ET BT 34.016 280.451 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(have been doing network analysis for a long time. The humanities have been following suit, and indeed we )] TJ ET BT 34.016 266.195 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(are all familiar today with the relatively junior offspring of the 'digital humanities'. They allow historians to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 251.939 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(apply information techniques and technologies for representing and visualizing large datasets to the study of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 237.683 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(networks in a historical perspective. From the Japanese )] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 302.300 237.683 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(www.network-studies.org)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 302.300 236.289 m 426.944 236.289 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 429.944 237.683 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([2])] TJ ET BT 443.936 237.683 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( to the Globalisation )] TJ ET BT 34.016 223.427 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Studies Network with its partners scattered from Iran to Africa and the Philippines, and from the United )] TJ ET BT 34.016 209.171 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(States to Europe, networks are in, and so are their websites. But while such websites tend to be descriptive of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 194.915 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the research projects behind them, Oxford's project website )] TJ ET BT 321.776 194.915 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Cultures of Knowledge)] TJ ET BT 432.452 194.915 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \()] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 34.016 180.659 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(www.history.ox.ac.uk/cofk/)] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.016 179.265 m 167.996 179.265 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 170.996 180.659 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([3])] TJ ET BT 184.988 180.659 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\) is almost unique for the usefulness of the resources which it makes )] TJ ET BT 34.016 166.403 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(available free of charge to its viewers.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 140.147 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Cultures of Knowledge)] TJ ET BT 144.692 140.147 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( was established in 2009 as a collaborative interdisciplinary project based at the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 125.891 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(University of Oxford with the exclusive funding of the Andrew W. Mellon Foundation. It comprises a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 111.635 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(steering committee of ten, with Professor Howard Hotson as Project Director; it has a number of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 97.379 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(collaborators who work at Oxford as well as elsewhere in the UK and in Europe. Each member and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 83.123 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(collaborator is involved with their own research project, though all these projects share the same premises. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 68.867 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Borrowing from Dickens, one could sum them up thus: from the study of networks past to the creation of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 54.611 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(networks present for the intellectual geography of the future. The rationale behind )] TJ ET BT 430.928 54.611 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(CofK)] TJ ET BT 456.272 54.611 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( is the need among )] TJ ET BT 34.016 563.315 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Review Number:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 549.059 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(1316)] TJ ET BT 34.016 534.803 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publish date:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 520.547 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Thursday, 13 September, 2012)] TJ ET BT 34.016 506.291 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Editor:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 492.035 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Howard Hotson)] TJ ET BT 34.016 477.779 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(ISBN:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 463.523 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Date of Publication:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 449.267 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(2012)] TJ ET BT 34.016 435.011 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publisher:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 420.755 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(University of Oxford)] TJ ET BT 34.016 406.499 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publisher url:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 392.243 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Place of Publication:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 377.987 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Oxford)] TJ ET BT 34.016 363.731 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Reviewer:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 349.475 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Vittoria Feola)] TJ ET endstream endobj 8 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F1 /BaseFont /Times-Roman /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 9 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F2 /BaseFont /Times-Italic /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 10 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F3 /BaseFont /Times-Bold /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 11 0 obj << /Type /XObject /Subtype /Image /Width 509 /Height 160 /Filter /FlateDecode /DecodeParms << /Predictor 15 /Colors 3 /Columns 509 /BitsPerComponent 8>> /Mask [ 255 255 255 255 255 255 ] /ColorSpace /DeviceRGB /BitsPerComponent 8 /Length 3280>> stream x[EQ㎦fVttҒ +3O{?lGDQԯDrB^.ϯ%~'0۠/2>0AG_>0j0GCfE67>rB^}@  !&y+r?INp:erc b8f=rQC!~-Wf^^zF[)G 2ޯe7V_Go3Ke GEGOo8rώ#\1ZY~N6^H}yLxS-!:412V+u\-LSO?xVvZ|GjǮT_8EYJF=Tw^ 7GxfN/S:Ʌ~ʟtt?5n÷J'JcF-GVξx{rO~tJd;#a\7}|~y'>}c2C vR}f׈**h.)_&@pfzjsx:5;S\vKhM5j=!Cn+h"u]a EUN]jn=k<,:Ք>sU!ni~6EJ)¦72?G}[y}_vc$t?iSܟ2Zݞ,VN?_`='RFK1A2qv&X_lLRWY'%:I㢖zb_UEx\>&ɆBˏ~K@ \gYØU4}$8Dv!'Q'*+Εj(UCGo[#< 2Ja(sZi9fZKE Rn`u\9r^Zmɯ׹}mstO4uc~#'jEvۼ Dx[z ޏQ4KL5,5u3>i^uÒ-53ba ~,~/pyt1fMU'CVm:qv~=Y'Es"WsφG?l_kN5}],Ow7 uh`xƫ?zMl7ٻv$A(4Dl(wwH} ?=[=S;yC]^BK>㕪9`Z'Wj;E|:bf>kCԘ#RY,iv쵗~}n'"1u" *uO΄/2^Sxr(!/DD\~mJyZ!MmrA!#u[if|99WB WΡpp}w}sh#,\ &:%˳X?D3 %W0cC?o̲^} F3XLVn]Cߖiϧ!7}yZJ#P7]=)7Ρp;>> Ye^xx{Oafw{ ;>4gfLt ʊ:q%#r/)pv!O4wGh|dS ӣݽހ-gVUC'pBxrB^} 7JA^} /'8!`:r?}}],X  }6y!`/~Br?}Q< >k7vx"] ,' .3jn{-i}|~%-};b6#U)7繎kiEw 㤳:E}[޼c"rꬊ7Dc$~"/Y&zSd:tFȌCrʙ`7u .#[-<)j ?TGS(j~oTup(hjU4PlJ=}|it.ҽ@\wʨuXÞZcx18Wo<~ikOg,ވ\^?EneyZcc0[R١z|zv7_m:_n]a?osS3~j^ hD.a_X'KfBX6w wݶ"Oa:,bvhrWH[uCF-Xfc}>x+Rz)2N-B 7y^٨;[/vg? | |2Sve}=o䑰j[vWjF0{굦?VI~}xM(_TlG__+]:#к?S} c>GŸD7 !w{S{B =x7a?oE#)+Gz:o_4Q<;n?\tt7?mGCџQGu4kņOF>F?#} hP&ђߴM#u!.СtL2^#o nIk_i.~7tr@n 1P~3?.[]=S5b߮~Yo^HFH YBi8a4iom>CKgMy*;?zqEӕ` >zB9iFzC?XF?ޟIܰ펉A}{I5ᄊx%ez#Mp@rߎpi]IOVjzuJt\۰f׺u5><,J~PTJp1)}){9N {!`/> endstream endobj 12 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 13 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 197.0117 675.3895 357.3317 687.2695 ] >> endobj 13 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews) >> endobj 14 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 15 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 302.2997 236.6035 426.9437 248.4835 ] >> endobj 15 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/www.network-studies.org ) >> endobj 16 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 17 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 34.0157 179.5795 167.9957 191.4595 ] >> endobj 17 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.history.ox.ac.uk/cofk/) >> endobj 18 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 20 0 R ] /Contents 19 0 R >> endobj 19 0 obj << /Length 8830 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(early modern intellectual historians for a platform on which to meet virtually and exchange knowledge about )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(early modern networks through the study of their correspondence. Anyone who has worked on )] TJ ET BT 34.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(correspondence knows how challenging it can be, due to the wide range of scholarly abilities that are )] TJ ET BT 34.016 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(required, from palaeography to languages, and including analysis, exegesis and synthesis, not to mention the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 739.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(basic difficulty of finding the puzzle pieces. If we compare a network of correspondence to a puzzle, and we )] TJ ET BT 34.016 725.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(imagine each letter as a puzzle piece, we get a fairly accurate metaphor for the kind of complex enterprise )] TJ ET BT 34.016 710.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(that intellectual historians embark on when they start their evidence hunt. )] TJ ET BT 389.300 710.933 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(CofK)] TJ ET BT 414.644 710.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( is an overarching project )] TJ ET BT 34.016 696.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(which aims at facilitating this kind of evidence hunt.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 670.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Evidence hunt means first of all locating which letters are relevant for one's research, and in which archives )] TJ ET BT 34.016 656.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(they are kept today. Secondly, it implies travelling to those archives, unless one is lucky enough to find )] TJ ET BT 34.016 641.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(digital copies of the sought-after letters. Such an evidence hunt has a strong geographical dimension to it. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 627.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Students of political science are accustomed to hearing the old mantra that experts in international relations )] TJ ET BT 34.016 613.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(like to repeat to freshers, 'geography makes history'. To the scholar of international treaties as both legal and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 599.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(historical documents this seems a useful oversimplification. To the intellectual historians who gathered at )] TJ ET BT 34.016 584.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Oxford last September for the annual conference of )] TJ ET BT 283.940 584.885 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(CofK)] TJ ET BT 309.284 584.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, and launched 'intellectual geography' as a new )] TJ ET BT 34.016 570.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(category for the study of intellectual history, that mantra would seem innappropriate. Or, rather, they would )] TJ ET BT 34.016 556.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(point out, as we can read on the )] TJ ET BT 188.984 556.373 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(CofK)] TJ ET BT 214.328 556.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( website, that networks of scholarship overcame geography and even )] TJ ET BT 34.016 542.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(created new intellectual geographies which did not always overlap with the original physical geographies. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 527.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(All this happened thanks to the geographically neutral medium of the learned letter. An international treaty )] TJ ET BT 34.016 513.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(is by its nature bound to the political geographies from which it stems. On the contrary, intellectual )] TJ ET BT 34.016 499.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(geographers wish to look at the ways in which ideas overcame geographical and political obstacles and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 485.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(generated new ideas when they met in the geographically neutral place of the learned letter. Intellectual )] TJ ET BT 34.016 470.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(geography studies the ways in which geographical conditions impacted on local cultures of knowledge, and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 456.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the ways in which the learned letter neutralised or diminished the importance of geography in the formation )] TJ ET BT 34.016 442.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of cultural trends which cut across physical and social spaces. Hence, 'networking early modern )] TJ ET BT 34.016 428.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(correspondence' is the central research goal of )] TJ ET BT 258.428 428.069 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(CofK)] TJ ET BT 283.772 428.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 401.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Their IT professionals have been working towards the creation of digital infrastructure which can help not )] TJ ET BT 34.016 387.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(only )] TJ ET BT 58.352 387.557 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(CofK)] TJ ET BT 83.696 387.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( members and collaborators, but indeed anyone utilising their approach. Thanks to the valuable )] TJ ET BT 34.016 373.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(help of the Bodleian Digital Library Systems and Services, the )] TJ ET BT 337.652 373.301 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(CofK)] TJ ET BT 362.996 373.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( website is a rare example of a useful )] TJ ET BT 34.016 359.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(project portal, because not only does it describe in great clarity the aims of the project, it also enables )] TJ ET BT 34.016 344.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(scholars to keep up to date with project developments through the media of podcasts, videos, and all sorts of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 330.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(scholarly news. I find particularly useful the videos of papers presented at the many )] TJ ET BT 438.932 330.533 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(CofK)] TJ ET BT 464.276 330.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( conferences and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 316.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(workshops. How many times have we sulked for having missed what promised to be a ground-breaking )] TJ ET BT 34.016 302.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(lecture? Conversely, videos can also happily reassure the all-too busy scholar \(or the scholar on holiday\) that )] TJ ET BT 34.016 287.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(actually they did not miss much after all because that paper was not relevant to their research despite its )] TJ ET BT 34.016 273.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(misleading title. Seriously, the possibility of watching lectures and downloading podcasts is a great research )] TJ ET BT 34.016 259.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(facility that )] TJ ET BT 92.012 259.253 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(CofK)] TJ ET BT 117.356 259.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( presents us all with, and is very much in tune with our digital times. However, while most )] TJ ET BT 34.016 244.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(readers of )] TJ ET BT 84.656 244.997 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Reviews in History)] TJ ET BT 175.316 244.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( will take such things granted, I wish to remind them that not far from their )] TJ ET BT 34.016 230.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [('intellectual geography' are many continental academics and their students who do not yet use video lectures, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 216.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(podcasts, or iTunes U. The )] TJ ET BT 166.328 216.485 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(CofK)] TJ ET BT 191.672 216.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( website is an Oxford novelty that, hopefully, more and more Continental )] TJ ET BT 34.016 202.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(historians will use in both research and teaching. I certainly do.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 175.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(But what I regard as the jewel in the crown of )] TJ ET BT 256.964 175.973 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(CofK)] TJ ET BT 282.308 175.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( is )] TJ ET BT 296.312 175.973 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(EMLO)] TJ ET BT 328.976 175.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( ? a potentially new union catalogue of Early )] TJ ET BT 34.016 161.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Modern Letters Online \()] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 150.992 161.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://emlo.bodleian.ox.ac.uk)] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 150.992 160.323 m 291.656 160.323 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 294.656 161.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([4])] TJ ET BT 308.648 161.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\). 'New digital technologies provide an exciting )] TJ ET BT 34.016 147.461 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(opportunity to create a new tool and service capable of solving this problem: a scalable, central, freely )] TJ ET BT 34.016 133.205 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(accessible inventory of correspondence to which individuals and institutions can contribute metadata, texts )] TJ ET BT 34.016 118.949 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and images of individual letters, small calendars of individual corpora, and extensive catalogues of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 104.693 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(institutional holdings'. So far it comprises the card catalogue of a large proportion of the correspondence in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 90.437 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the Bodleian Library \(48,695 records\) and the correspondence of John Aubrey \(1,073 records\), Jan Amos )] TJ ET BT 34.016 76.181 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Comenius \(489 records\), Samuel Hartlib \(4,585 letters\), Edward Lhwyd \(2,138 records\), Martin Lister )] TJ ET BT 34.016 61.925 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(1,141 records\), John Selden \(355 records\), John Wallis \(2,002 records\). It contains 12,079 people, 3,636 )] TJ ET endstream endobj 20 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 21 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 150.9917 160.6375 291.6557 172.5175 ] >> endobj 21 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://emlo.bodleian.ox.ac.uk/) >> endobj 22 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 24 0 R 26 0 R 28 0 R ] /Contents 23 0 R >> endobj 23 0 obj << /Length 9410 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(locations, 560 organisations and 106 repositories covering a total of 60,532 letters. And much more which )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(users will easily find out by themselves, given that the )] TJ ET BT 297.668 782.213 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(EMLO)] TJ ET BT 330.332 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( search form is extremely easy to use. For )] TJ ET BT 34.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(instance, I just typed 'aubrey' and came up with 37 pages of results. I clicked on the first record, and )] TJ ET BT 516.572 767.957 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(EMLO)] TJ ET BT 34.016 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(informed me of its date, authors, origin, abstract, language, its repository and shelf-mark. One can also just )] TJ ET BT 34.016 739.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(browse through the names. I clicked on John Adamson \(1787-1855\) because of the high number of letters )] TJ ET BT 34.016 725.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(associated with him \(59, as opposed to people who figure in the catalogue with just one letter to their credit\). )] TJ ET BT 34.016 710.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The Adamson record popped up neatly, showing an histogram of catalogue statistics for his letters )] TJ ET BT 34.016 696.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(distributed over the years 1807?15. This is one of the ways in which the )] TJ ET BT 382.304 696.677 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(CofK)] TJ ET BT 407.648 696.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( website works on the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 682.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(visualisation of research data.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 656.165 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(EMLO)] TJ ET BT 66.680 656.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( is a potentially excellent research tool. But with the end of Mellon funding in 2012 one can only hope )] TJ ET BT 34.016 641.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(that more funding comes through in order for the )] TJ ET BT 272.312 641.909 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(CofK)] TJ ET BT 297.656 641.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( team to finish off the job properly. This would entail )] TJ ET BT 34.016 627.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(putting more records into )] TJ ET BT 158.672 627.653 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(EMLO)] TJ ET BT 191.336 627.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, and, in my opinion, a collaboration with European institutions, which )] TJ ET BT 34.016 613.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(could feed metadata into )] TJ ET BT 155.324 613.397 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(EMLO)] TJ ET BT 187.988 613.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(. Not only is the latter an obvious development to hope for in view of the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 599.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(very international nature of 'networking early modern correspondence', but it would also avoid embarassing )] TJ ET BT 34.016 584.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(duplicates.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 558.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(I recall Howard Hotson's wonderfully surprised face when I told him that the whole of Peiresc's )] TJ ET BT 34.016 544.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(correspondence had already been digitised, and that it was fully available and searcheable on a little-known )] TJ ET BT 34.016 530.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(European Union-funded, France-based website, )] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 265.952 530.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(www.e-corpus.org)] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 265.952 528.723 m 355.256 528.723 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 358.256 530.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([5])] TJ ET BT 372.248 530.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(. This had previously come as a shock )] TJ ET BT 34.016 515.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(to me, when, back in September 2007, I was in Carpentras trying to order up some of Peiresc's letters, only )] TJ ET BT 34.016 501.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(to be told nonchalantly by a librarian that she did not understand why I wanted to waste my time down there )] TJ ET BT 34.016 487.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(with the temperature at 35C in the shade, given that the whole correspondence of the 'Prince of the Republic )] TJ ET BT 34.016 473.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of Letters' \(as Peiresc was known to contemporaries\) was already on e-corpus. But the Carpentras website )] TJ ET BT 34.016 458.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(did not have a link to )] TJ ET BT 138.680 458.837 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(e-corpus)] TJ ET BT 180.668 458.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( nor did the encyclopedic )] TJ ET BT 304.976 458.837 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(peiresc.org)] TJ ET BT 359.300 458.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( website or indeed other libraries like the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 444.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Mejanes in Aix \(which holds 18th-century copies of the circa 10,000 letters in print\). )] TJ ET BT 444.620 444.581 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(E-corpus)] TJ ET BT 488.612 444.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( lacked )] TJ ET BT 34.016 430.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(visibility. One thought that had struck Professor Hotson's mind was to try and put the Peiresc records on )] TJ ET BT 34.016 416.069 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(EMLO)] TJ ET BT 66.680 416.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(. This would seem like the most obvious thing to do to any early modern intellectual historian )] TJ ET BT 34.016 401.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(working on networks of correspondence. Except that this had already been done! Communication and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 387.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(collaboration with Continental scholars seems to me to be absolutely essential if )] TJ ET BT 421.988 387.557 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(EMLO)] TJ ET BT 454.652 387.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( is to thrive.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 361.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(This brings up the related issue of visibility. Both )] TJ ET BT 274.688 361.301 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(CofK)] TJ ET BT 300.032 361.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( and )] TJ ET BT 323.360 361.301 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(e-corpus)] TJ ET BT 365.348 361.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( are fantastic digital tools. Yet, it is not )] TJ ET BT 34.016 347.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(easy to learn of their existence. )] TJ ET BT 186.308 347.045 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(CofK)] TJ ET BT 211.652 347.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( aims to facilitate the creation of communities of intellectual historians )] TJ ET BT 34.016 332.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(by various means, inlcuding )] TJ ET BT 172.340 332.789 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(EMLO)] TJ ET BT 205.004 332.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(. This is a great idea. But it needs publicity, visibility. The )] TJ ET BT 487.004 332.789 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(CofK)] TJ ET BT 512.348 332.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( website )] TJ ET BT 34.016 318.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(is hard to criticise given that James Brown and Miranda Lewis are behind it. Their work is outstanding, the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 304.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(site structure makes sense, everything is explained clearly and everything works, updates are continuous and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 290.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(everything that ends up on the )] TJ ET BT 182.000 290.021 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(CofK)] TJ ET BT 207.344 290.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( website is worth reading. It is a gem of a resource. But I cannot help )] TJ ET BT 34.016 275.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(thinking that such a wonderful research tool and virtual platform needs yet more visibility. I would really )] TJ ET BT 34.016 261.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(urge research libraries both in the UK and elsewhere to put up links to )] TJ ET BT 373.952 261.509 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(CofK)] TJ ET BT 399.296 261.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( and similarly useful websites, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 247.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(such as their Stanford partner, )] TJ ET BT 181.316 247.253 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Mapping the Republic of Letters)] TJ ET BT 336.644 247.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \()] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 343.640 247.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(https://republicofletters.stanford.edu/)] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 343.640 245.859 m 521.624 245.859 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 524.624 247.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([6])] TJ ET BT 538.616 247.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \), )] TJ ET BT 34.016 232.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(as well as )] TJ ET BT 83.672 232.997 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(e-corpus)] TJ ET BT 125.660 232.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( of course \(about which a whole review would be thoroughly necessary, given that it )] TJ ET BT 34.016 218.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(comprises 2,075,282 extremely useful documents\). The reason for this is that it is still to library websites )] TJ ET BT 34.016 204.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(that scholars first turn when they begin their puzzle-piece hunt. Only in this way can proper visibility be )] TJ ET BT 34.016 190.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(given to useful tools. We are in need of greater synergies if we are to overcome geographical and mental )] TJ ET BT 34.016 175.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(boundaries. In this way, we could properly use the )] TJ ET BT 278.972 175.973 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(CofK)] TJ ET BT 304.316 175.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( website as a virtual meeting place, where )] TJ ET BT 507.932 175.973 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(CofK)] TJ ET BT 34.016 161.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(participants and sympathisers studying early modern scholarly communities will be able to form new )] TJ ET BT 34.016 147.461 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(communities. From networks past to networks present for the intellectual geography of the future.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 121.205 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The editors will respond in due course.)] TJ ET 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.391 104.479 526.499 1.500 re S BT 34.016 86.699 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Source URL:)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 104.672 86.699 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/review/1316)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 104.672 85.305 m 328.316 85.305 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 60.328 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Links:)] TJ ET endstream endobj 24 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 25 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 265.9517 529.0375 355.2557 540.9175 ] >> endobj 25 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.e-corpus.org/) >> endobj 26 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 27 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 343.6397 246.1735 521.6237 258.0535 ] >> endobj 27 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (https://republicofletters.stanford.edu/) >> endobj 28 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 29 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 104.6717 85.6195 328.3157 97.4995 ] >> endobj 29 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/review/1316) >> endobj 30 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Contents 31 0 R >> endobj 31 0 obj << /Length 584 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.354 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([1] http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/item/32385)] TJ ET BT 34.016 781.954 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([2] http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/www.network-studies.org%20)] TJ ET BT 34.016 767.554 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([3] http://www.history.ox.ac.uk/cofk/)] TJ ET BT 34.016 753.154 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([4] http://emlo.bodleian.ox.ac.uk/)] TJ ET BT 34.016 738.754 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([5] http://www.e-corpus.org/)] TJ ET BT 34.016 724.354 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([6] https://republicofletters.stanford.edu/)] TJ ET endstream endobj xref 0 32 0000000000 65535 f 0000000008 00000 n 0000000073 00000 n 0000000119 00000 n 0000000342 00000 n 0000000379 00000 n 0000000598 00000 n 0000000694 00000 n 0000005858 00000 n 0000005967 00000 n 0000006077 00000 n 0000006186 00000 n 0000009747 00000 n 0000009875 00000 n 0000009959 00000 n 0000010087 00000 n 0000010196 00000 n 0000010323 00000 n 0000010408 00000 n 0000010492 00000 n 0000019375 00000 n 0000019503 00000 n 0000019585 00000 n 0000019683 00000 n 0000029146 00000 n 0000029274 00000 n 0000029350 00000 n 0000029478 00000 n 0000029569 00000 n 0000029695 00000 n 0000029791 00000 n 0000029856 00000 n trailer << /Size 32 /Root 1 0 R /Info 5 0 R >> startxref 30492 %%EOF